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hmgb1 pediatric

Mariana Morales-Sosa, Sandra Orozco-Suárez, AngélicaVega-García, Sara Caballero-Chacón, Iris A Feria-Romero
Epileptic seizures constitute an important problem in pediatric neurology during the developmental period. The frequency and nosological significance of seizures, as well as their association with epileptogenesis, may be related to underlying mechanisms such as neuroinflammation. Those mechanisms of response activate inflammatory molecules induced in the neurons, activated glial cells and endothelial cells via the key HMGB1/TLR4 pathway. In this study, the drug celecoxib (CCX) was used as a blocker of the cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) and HMGB1/TLR-4 pathways...
May 12, 2018: Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior
Yefeng Dai, Xufei Zhao
The aim of the present study was to examine the combined efficacy of simvastatin and kallistatin treatment for pediatric burn sepsis. A total of 72 pediatric patients with burn sepsis were recruited and randomly divided into 3 groups, receiving simvastatin (40 mg/day), kallistatin (20 mg/day) or combined treatment. ELISA, reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction, western blotting and flow cytometry were used to analyze the therapeutic effects of simvastatin and kallistatin. The results revealed that combined treatment in pediatric burn sepsis patients decreased the inflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor α and interleukin (IL)-1β serum levels, whereas it increased IL-10 and human leukocyte antigen-D related levels...
March 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Zhengzhen Tang, Na Zang, Yangxi Fu, Zhixu Ye, Sisi Chen, Shi Mo, Luo Ren, Enmei Liu
Human adenovirus (HAdV) is a common respiratory pathogen in children, with no safe and effective treatment currently available. HAdV type 7 (HAdV-7), in particular, causes severe pediatric pneumonia with a high incidence of sequelae and mortality. Clinical data and animal experiments suggest that HAdV-7-induced pneumonia promotes cell necrosis, releasing a large number of inflammatory mediators. In recent years, the high mobility group box-1 (HMGB1) protein, released by necrotic cells, has been shown to play important roles in several viral infections...
June 18, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Sara Manti, Terri J Harford, Carmelo Salpietro, Fariba Rezaee, Giovanni Piedimonte
BACKGROUND: Despite decades have passed since its discovery, accurate biomarkers of Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) disease activity and effective therapeutic strategies are still lacking. The high mobility group box type 1 (HMGB1) protein has been proposed as a possible link between RSV and immune system, but only limited information is currently available to support this hypothesis. METHODS: Expression of HMGB1 gene and protein were analyzed by quantitative PCR, ELISA, Western blot, immunocytochemistry, and confocal microscopy in immortalized and primary human bronchial epithelial cells, as well as in rat pup lungs...
January 12, 2018: Pediatric Research
Allison Judkins, Rhaya L Johnson, Samuel T Murray, Steven M Yellon, Christopher G Wilson
BackgroundVagus nerve stimulation (VNS) is an Food and Drug Administration-approved method delivering electrical impulses for treatment of depression and epilepsy in adults. The vagus nerve innervates the majority of visceral organs and cervix, but potential impacts of VNS on the progress of pregnancy and the fetus are not well studied.MethodsWe tested the hypothesis that VNS in pregnant dams does not induce inflammatory changes in the cardio-respiratory control regions of the pups' brainstem, potentially impacting the morbidity and mortality of offspring...
February 2018: Pediatric Research
Dennis W Simon, Rajesh K Aneja, Henry Alexander, Michael J Bell, Hülya Bayır, Patrick M Kochanek, Robert S B Clark
In response to cell injury, the danger signal high mobility group box-1 (HMGB) is released, activating macrophages by binding pattern recognition receptors. We investigated the role of the anti-inflammatory drug minocycline in attenuating HMGB1 translocation, microglial activation, and neuronal injury in a rat model of pediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI). Post-natal day 17 Sprague-Dawley rats underwent moderate-severe controlled cortical impact (CCI). Animals were randomized to treatment with minocycline (90 mg/kg, intraperitoneally) or vehicle (saline) at 10 min and 20 h after injury...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Neurotrauma
Patricia C Sanchez-Diaz, Judy C Chang, Emily S Moses, Tu Dao, Yidong Chen, Jaclyn Y Hung
Pediatric high-grade gliomas represent 8-12% of all primary tumors of the nervous system in children. Five-year survival for these pediatric aggressive tumors is poor (15-35%) indicating the need to develop better treatments for pediatric high-grade gliomas. In this work we used SF188 and SJ-GBM2 cell lines to study the function of the ubiquitin carboxyl-terminal esterase L1 (UCHL1), a deubiquitinase de-regulated in several cancers, in pediatric high-grade gliomas. UCHL1 depletion in SF188 and SJ-GBM2 glioma cells was associated with decreased cell proliferation and invasion, along with a reduced ability to grow in soft agar and to form spheres (i...
2017: PloS One
Weikun Zheng, Haifan Shi, Yiping Chen, Zhiwei Xu, Jie Chen, Longteng Jin
Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) is a common pediatric disease caused by enterovirus infection. It typically presents as a fever along with flat, discolored spots and bumps on the hands, feet, and mouth. Compared with other viruses, enterovirus 71 (EV71)-induced HFMD is more prone to cause severe complications in children, such as brainstem encephalitis, cardiopulmonary disorders, and even death. More in-depth studies are still necessary to understand the characteristics of EV71-induced HFMD, although some related research has been reported so far...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
A Koutsonikoli, M Trachana, E Farmaki, V Tzimouli, P Pratsidou-Gertsi, N Printza, A Garyphallos, V Galanopoulou, F Kanakoudi-Tsakalidou, F Papachristou
The discovery of serum biomarkers specific for paediatric lupus nephritis (pLN) will facilitate the non-invasive diagnosis, follow-up and more appropriate use of treatment. The aim of this study was to explore the role of serum high-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) protein, antibodies against nucleosomes (anti-NCS), complement factor C1q (anti-C1q) and glomerular basement membrane (anti-GBM) in pLN. Serum samples of 42 patients with paediatric systemic lupus erythematosus (pSLE) (22 with pLN and 20 without renal involvement), 15 patients with other autoimmune nephritis (AN) and 26 healthy controls (HCs) were examined using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
April 2017: Clinical and Experimental Immunology
Ruben Zamora, Yoram Vodovotz, Qi Mi, Derek Barclay, Jinling Yin, Simon Horslen, David Rudnick, Kathleen M Loomes, Robert H Squires
Absence of early outcome biomarkers for Pediatric Acute Liver Failure (PALF) hinders medical and liver transplant decisions. We sought to define dynamic interactions among circulating inflammatory mediators to gain insights into PALF outcome sub-groups. Serum samples from 101 participants in the PALF study, collected over the first 7 days following enrollment, were assayed for 27 inflammatory mediators. Outcomes (Spontaneous survivors [S, n=61], Non-survivors [NS, n=12], and liver transplant patients [LTx, n=28]) were assessed at 21 days post-enrollment...
November 23, 2016: Molecular Medicine
Francesca Palone, Roberta Vitali, Salvatore Cucchiara, Maurizio Mennini, Alessandro Armuzzi, Daniela Pugliese, Renata DʼIncà, Brigida Barberio, Laura Stronati
BACKGROUND: Fecal high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) has been suggested to be a novel noninvasive biomarker of gut inflammation. We aimed to assess the reliability of fecal HMGB1, compared with fecal calprotectin (FC), in detecting intestinal inflammation in pediatric and adult patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and to evaluate the accuracy of HMGB1 in identifying patients with IBD in clinical and endoscopic remission who still have histologic features of inflammation. METHODS: Stool samples from 85 children with IBD (49 Crohn's disease [CD] and 36 ulcerative colitis [UC] and 119 adults [57 Crohn's disease and 62 ulcerative colitis]) were analyzed for the study...
December 2016: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
Roberto Chimenz, Antonio Lacquaniti, Laura Colavita, Valeria Chirico, Claudia Fede, Michele Buemi, Carmelo Fede
BACKGROUND: Peritonitis, the most important limitation of peritoneal dialysis (PD), could be detected by biomarkers in dialysate effluent, representing a noninvasive method to indirectly assess the peritoneum status. The aim of our study was to test high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) in PD patients, evaluating its role as precocious marker of peritoneum damage during peritonitis. Transforming growth factor (TGF)-β was correlated with peritoneal transport characteristics. METHODS: Six patients, treated by ambulatory PD, were enrolled...
October 2016: Renal Failure
Zhen-Yu Liu, Bo Wu, Yun-Shan Guo, Ying-Hui Zhou, Zhi-Guang Fu, Bao-Qing Xu, Jiang-Hua Li, Lin Jing, Jian-Li Jiang, Juan Tang, Zhi-Nan Chen
Necroptosis, a novel form of programmed cell death, was recently shown to be strongly associated with intestinal inflammation in mice and in pediatric patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Persistent inflammation of the colon is an important risk factor for colorectal cancer. Necrostatin-1 (Nec-1), known as a specific inhibitor of necroptosis, through preventing the receptor-interacting protein (RIP) 1 and RIP3 interaction. In the present study, the anti-inflammatory and antitumorigenic efficacy of necrostatin-1 was studied in mouse models of colitis and colitis-associated cancer (CAC)...
2015: American Journal of Cancer Research
Jian-Fen Hu, Jiang-Yan Wu, Lin Zhang, Long-Gui Yang, Cai-Xia Long
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the value of high mobility group box 1(HMGB1) in the diagnosis of pediatric acute appendicitis. METHODS: The children with acute abdomen who had a diagnosis of suspected acute appendicitis between January and July 2013 and 25 healthy children were enrolled in this study. Serum HMGB1 levels were measured using ELISA on admission. The patients were classified into 2 groups according to surgery confirmation or pathological results: appendicitis (n=28) and non-appendicitis (n=35)...
September 2014: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
Anna Alisi, Valerio Nobili, Sara Ceccarelli, Nadia Panera, Cristiano De Stefanis, Rita De Vito, Roberta Vitali, Giorgio Bedogni, Clara Balsano, Salvatore Cucchiara, Laura Stronati
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) affects 3-12% of the general pediatric population. HMGB1 protein is presently considered a potent inflammatory mediator in several liver diseases, even if its role in NAFLD is still unknown in clinical studies. Here we investigated the relationships between circulating HMGB1, TGF-β and MCP-1 and liver damage in pediatric NAFLD. HMGB1, TGF-β and MCP-1 plasma levels were measured in 110 obese children with biopsy-proven NAFLD and 40 age-matched obese controls. HMGB1, TGF-β and MCP-1, ALT, AST and cholesterol plasma levels were significantly higher in NAFLD than in control children...
July 2014: Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics
Valeria Chirico, Antonio Lacquaniti, Vincenzo Salpietro, Caterina Munafò, Maria Pia Calabrò, Michele Buemi, Teresa Arrigo, Carmelo Salpietro
UNLABELLED: High-mobility group box protein 1 (HMGB1) is a nonhistone nuclear protein that has a dual function. Inside the cell, HMGB1 binds DNA, regulating transcription and determining chromosomal architecture. Outside the cell, HMGB1 activates the innate system and mediates a wide range of physiological and pathological responses. HMGB1 exerts these actions through differential engagement of multiple surface receptors, including Toll-like receptor (TLR)2, TLR4, and receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE)...
September 2014: European Journal of Pediatrics
Thomas D Walko, R Aaron Bola, John D Hong, Alicia K Au, Michael J Bell, Patrick M Kochanek, Robert S B Clark, Rajesh K Aneja
Danger-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs) are nuclear or cytoplasmic proteins that are released from the injured tissues and activate the innate immune system. Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) is a novel DAMP that is released into the extracellular milieu subsequent to cell death and injury. We hypothesized that cell death within the central nervous system in children with traumatic brain injury (TBI) would lead to the release of mtDNA into the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and has the potential to predict the outcome after trauma...
June 2014: Shock
Anna Maria Zicari, Alessandra Zicari, Marcella Nebbioso, Emanuela Mari, Camilla Celani, Valeria Lollobrigida, Azzurra Cesoni Marcelli, Francesca Occasi, Marzia Duse
BACKGROUND: Vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC) is a chronic disease affecting conjunctiva even though the immunopathogenetic mechanisms underlying this inflammation are unclear. The aim of our study is to investigate serum levels of HMGB1 and circulating sRAGE in children affected by VKC before and after treatment with cyclosporine A (CsA) eye drops and in a group of healthy children. METHODS: Twenty-four children affected by VKC aged between 5 and 12 yrs of life were enrolled at the Department of Pediatrics, Division of Allergy and Immunology, 'Sapienza' University of Rome...
February 2014: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
Alicia K Au, Rajesh K Aneja, Michael J Bell, Hülya Bayir, Keri Feldman, P David Adelson, Ericka L Fink, Patrick M Kochanek, Robert S B Clark
High-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) is a ubiquitous nuclear protein that is passively released from damaged and necrotic cells, and actively released from immune cells. In contrast, cytochrome c is released from mitochondria in apoptotic cells, and is considered a reliable biomarker of apoptosis. Thus, HMGB1 and cytochrome c may in part reflect the degree of necrosis and apoptosis present after traumatic brain injury (TBI), where both are felt to contribute to cell death and neurological morbidity. Ventricular cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) was obtained from children admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) after TBI (n=37)...
July 20, 2012: Journal of Neurotrauma
Yoshinori Ito, Yuka Torii, Rieko Ohta, Masaki Imai, Shinya Hara, Yoshihiko Kawano, Tadashi Matsubayashi, Ayano Inui, Tetsushi Yoshikawa, Naoko Nishimura, Takao Ozaki, Tsuneo Morishima, Hiroshi Kimura
BACKGROUND: The 2009 A(H1N1) influenza virus has caused a large outbreak, and resulted in major complications of severe pneumonia and acute encephalopathy in the pediatric population in Japan. METHODS: This study examined six patients with acute encephalopathy, 34 patients with severe pneumonia, five patients with both pneumonia and encephalopathy, and 46 patients without severe complications. The concentrations of 27 cytokines were examined in the cerebrospinal fluid of patients with encephalopathy, and the levels of these cytokines, Cytochrome c, high-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) were measured in the serum of all patients...
November 2011: Cytokine
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