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HIV cross sectional study

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346531/the-prevalence-of-trichomoniasis-and-associated-factors-among-women-treated-at-a-university-hospital-in-southern-brazil
#1
Fabiane Aguiar Dos Anjos Gatti, Etienne Ceolan, Fernando Salles Rodrigues Greco, Paula Costa Santos, Gabriel Baracy Klafke, Gisele Rodrigues de Oliveira, Andrea Von Groll, Ana Maria Barral de Martinez, Carla Vitola Gonçalves, Carlos James Scaini
BACKGROUND: Trichomoniasis is the most prevalent non-viral sexually transmitted disease (STD) in the world; however, it remains a neglected parasitic disease. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of trichomoniasis and its associated epidemiological factors among women treated at a hospital in southern Brazil. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: A cross-sectional study was performed to determine the prevalence of this infection in women treated at Hospital Universitário (HU) in Rio Grande, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, between January 2012 and January 2015...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346490/effect-of-hiv-and-malaria-parasites-co-infection-on-immune-hematological-profiles-among-patients-attending-anti-retroviral-treatment-art-clinic-in-infectious-disease-hospital-kano-nigeria
#2
Feyisayo Ebenezer Jegede, Tinuade Ibijoke Oyeyi, Surajudeen Abiola Abdulrahman, Henry Akwen Mbah, Titilope Badru, Chinedu Agbakwuru, Oluwasanmi Adedokun
BACKGROUND: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and malaria co-infection may present worse health outcomes in the tropics. Information on HIV/malaria co-infection effect on immune-hematological profiles is critical for patient care and there is a paucity of such data in Nigeria. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate immune-hematological profiles among HIV infected patients compared to HIV/malaria co-infected for ART management improvement. METHODS: This was a cross sectional study conducted at Infectious Disease Hospital, Kano...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345730/electrocardiographic-abnormalities-in-treatment-na%C3%A3-ve-hiv-subjects-in-south-east-nigeria
#3
Innocent Chukwuemeka Okoye, Ernest Ndukaife Anyabolu
BACKGROUND: Cardiac complications of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection are important causes of morbidity and mortality. We set out to determine the electrocardiographic (ECG) abnormalities in treatment-naïve HIV-positive patients in Enugu, south-east Nigeria. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study involving 250 HIV-positive and 200 HIV-negative subjects. Demographic and anthropometric data, relevant investigations and ECG results were compared between the groups...
March 23, 2017: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345392/informed-consent-for-opt-in-hiv-testing-via-tablet-kiosk-an-assessment-of-patient-comprehension-and-acceptability
#4
Mitra K Lewis, Yu-Hsiang Hsieh, Charlotte A Gaydos, Stephen C Peterson, Richard E Rothman
Although implementation of HIV testing in the emergency department has met with some success, one commonly cited challenge is the consent process. Kiosks offer one potential strategy to overcome this barrier. This pilot cross-sectional survey study examined patient comprehension of opt-in HIV testing consent and acceptability of using a kiosk to provide consent. Subjects were guided through a simulated consent process using a kiosk and then completed a survey of consent comprehension and acceptability of kiosk use...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343937/co-infection-of-blood-borne-viruses-in-blood-donors-a-cross-sectional-study-from-north-india
#5
Ravi C Dara, Aseem K Tiwari, Dinesh Arora, Geet Aggarwal, Ganesh Singh Rawat, Jyoti Sharma, Devi Prasad Acharya, Gunjan Bhardwaj
BACKGROUND: There are several studies on prevalence of individual infectious disease markers (mono-infection) in donors but none on prevalence of coinfection. Co-infection is significant as it leads to accelerated disease progression. We, therefore, evaluated the prevalence of co-infection among blood donors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The cross-sectional analysis was conducted in blood donors. All donors were tested for anti-HIV I and II, HBsAg, anti-HBC IgM, anti-HCV, Malaria and syphilis by chemiluminescence and ID-NAT assay...
March 6, 2017: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342409/perceived-health-and-alcohol-use-in-individuals-with-hiv-and-hepatitis-c-who-use-drugs
#6
Jennifer C Elliott, Deborah S Hasin, Don C Des Jarlais
BACKGROUND: Individuals who use illicit drugs are at heightened risk for HIV and/or Hepatitis C Virus (HCV). Despite the medical consequences of drinking for drug-using individuals with these infections, many do drink. In other studies, how individuals perceive their health relates to their engagement in risk behaviors such as drinking. However, among drug-using individuals with HIV and HCV, whether perceived health relates to drinking is unknown. OBJECTIVE: We examine the association between perceived health and drinking among drug-using individuals with HIV and/or HCV...
March 10, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341890/syndemic-conditions-reinforcing-disparities-in-hiv-and-other-stis-in-an-urban-sample-of-behaviorally-bisexual-latino-men
#7
Miguel Muñoz-Laboy, Omar Martinez, Ethan C Levine, Brian T Mattera, M Isabel Fernandez
Syndemics research has made great contributions to understanding sexual risk among Latino men who have sex with men. However, such work often combines data for behaviorally bisexual men with data for men with exclusively same-sex partners. Using cross-sectional data from 148 behaviorally bisexual Latino men, this study explored the impact of syndemic factors-polydrug use, childhood sexual abuse, and depression-on sexual risk behaviors and STI incidence. Approximately one-third of participants reported polydrug use, 22% reported childhood sexual abuse, and 26% screened for clinically significant depressive symptoms...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339497/women-s-knowledge-and-perception-of-male-circumcision-before-and-after-its-roll-out-in-the-south-african-township-of-orange-farm-from-community-based-cross-sectional-surveys
#8
Barbara Maraux, Pascale Lissouba, Reathe Rain-Taljaard, Dirk Taljaard, Julie Bouscaillou, David Lewis, Adrian Puren, Bertran Auvert
The roll-out of medical male circumcision (MC) is progressing in Southern and Eastern Africa. Little is known about the effect of this roll-out on women. The objective of this study was to assess the knowledge and perceptions of women regarding MC in a setting before and after the roll-out. This study was conducted in the South African township of Orange Farm where MC prevalence among men increased from 17% to 53% in the period 2008-2010. Data from three community-based cross sectional surveys conducted in 2007, 2010 and 2012 among 1258, 1197 and 2583 adult women, respectively were studied...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339344/correlation-of-leptin-adiponectin-and-resistin-levels-in-different-types-of-lipodystrophy-in-hiv-aids-patients
#9
Danica Srdic, Al Musalhi Khawla, Ivan Soldatovic, Jelena Nikolic, Djordje Jevtovic, Devaki Nair, Gordana Dragovic
BACKGROUND: Leptin, adiponectin, and resistin may play an important role in the development of lipodystrophy (LD) in HIV/AIDS patients. The aim of this study was to correlate levels of leptin, adiponectin, and resistin between HIV/AIDS patients with LD and without lipodystrophy (non-LD), as well as between subgroups of LD [lipoatrophy (LA), lipohypertrophy (LH), and mixed fat redistribution (MFR)] and non-LD patients. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of 66 HIV/AIDS patients...
April 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335444/hiv-education-and-welfare-services-in-primary-care-an-empirical-model-of-integration-in-brazil-s-unified-health-system
#10
Rahbel Rahman, Rogério M Pinto, Melanie M Wall
Integration of health education and welfare services in primary care systems is a key strategy to solve the multiple determinants of chronic diseases, such as Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS). However, there is a scarcity of conceptual models from which to build integration strategies. We provide a model based on cross-sectional data from 168 Community Health Agents, 62 nurses, and 32 physicians in two municipalities in Brazil's Unified Health System (UHS)...
March 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334859/neurocognitive-function-of-school-aged-hiv-infected-children-in-enugu-nigeria
#11
Kenechukwu K Iloh, Ifeoma J Emodi, Ngozi S Ibeziako, Anthony N Ikefuna, Agozie C Ubesie, Ogochukwu N Iloh, Gideon C Ilechukwu, Adaeze C Ayuk
Background: Evidence has shown neurocognitive problems often exist among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected children. There are limited data for children in Nigeria. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of 100 school-aged perinatally HIV-infected children seen in the paediatric HIV clinic and age/sex-matched controls from the general paediatric clinic. Neuro-cognitive functioning was assessed using the Raven's progressive matrices (RPM) that has been adapted for the Nigerian population...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333963/why-don-t-urban-youth-in-zambia-use-condoms-the-influence-of-gender-and-marriage-on-non-use-of-male-condoms-among-young-adults
#12
Jessie Pinchoff, Christopher B Boyer, Namuunda Mutombo, Rachna Nag Chowdhuri, Thoai D Ngo
BACKGROUND: Zambia experiences high unmet need for family planning and high rates of HIV, particularly among youth. While male condoms are widely available and 95% of adults have heard of them, self-reported use in the past 12 months is low among young adults (45%). This study describes factors associated with non-use of male condoms among urban young adults in Zambia. METHODS: A household cross-sectional survey in four urban districts was conducted from November 2015 to January 2016 among sexually active young adults ages 18-24 years...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333766/dietary-inadequacies-in-hiv-infected-and-uninfected-school-aged-children-in-johannesburg-south-africa
#13
Stephanie Shiau, Acadia Webber, Renate Strehlau, Faeezah Patel, Ashraf Coovadia, Samantha Kozakowski, Susan Brodlie, Michael T Yin, Louise Kuhn, Stephen M Arpadi
OBJECTIVES: The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that HIV-infected children increase energy intake and maintain a balanced macronutrient distribution for optimal growth and nutrition. Few studies have evaluated dietary intake of HIV-infected children in resource-limited settings. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of the dietary intake of 220 perinatally HIV-infected children and 220 HIV-uninfected controls ages 5-9 years in Johannesburg, South Africa...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332945/unevenness-in-health-at-the-intersection-of-gender-and-sexuality-sexual-minority-disparities-in-alcohol-and-drug-use-among-transwomen-in-the-san-francisco-bay-area
#14
Sean Arayasirikul, W Andres Pomart, H Fisher Raymond, Erin C Wilson
Research on the health of transwomen is largely focused on heterosexual HIV risk. Little is known about the health of sexual minority transwomen. We conducted a secondary cross-sectional analysis of data from a HIV risk and resilience study of transwomen aged 16 to 24 years in the San Francisco Bay Area (N = 259). Prevalence and demographic characteristics of sexual minority transwomen was assessed and logistic regression models were used to examine the relationship between sexual minority status and alcohol and drug use...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331250/sexual-behavior-hiv-prevalence-and-awareness-among-wives-of-migrant-workers-results-from-cross-sectional-survey-in-rural-north-india
#15
Alok Ranjan, Tarun Bhatnagar, Giridhara R Babu, Roger Detels
BACKGROUND: Migration has been linked to the spread of HIV epidemic from the urban areas of western India to the rural areas of north India. OBJECTIVES: This is the first population-based study among the wives of migrant workers of Muzaffarpur district in Bihar with objectives to describe their sexual behavior within marriage, estimate the prevalence of HIV, and to know their awareness regarding HIV/AIDS. METHODS: A two-stage cluster survey was conducted by randomly selecting 25 eligible wives from each of the 34 selected villages...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330486/relationships-between-structure-process-and-outcome-to-assess-quality-of-integrated-chronic-disease-management-in-a-rural-south-african-setting-applying-a-structural-equation-model
#16
Soter Ameh, Francesc Xavier Gómez-Olivé, Kathleen Kahn, Stephen M Tollman, Kerstin Klipstein-Grobusch
BACKGROUND: South Africa faces a complex dual burden of chronic communicable and non-communicable diseases (NCDs). In response, the Integrated Chronic Disease Management (ICDM) model was initiated in primary health care (PHC) facilities in 2011 to leverage the HIV/ART programme to scale-up services for NCDs, achieve optimal patient health outcomes and improve the quality of medical care. However, little is known about the quality of care in the ICDM model. The objectives of this study were to: i) assess patients' and operational managers' satisfaction with the dimensions of ICDM services; and ii) evaluate the quality of care in the ICDM model using Avedis Donabedian's theory of relationships between structure (resources), process (clinical activities) and outcome (desired result of healthcare) constructs as a measure of quality of care...
March 23, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329933/-study-on-hiv-1-subtype-among-elderly-male-clients-and-female-sex-workers-of-low-cost-venues-in-guangxi-zhuang-autonomous-region-china
#17
Y Q Deng, J J Li, N Y Fang, B Wang, J W Wang, S S Liang, Z Y Shen, G H Lan, H M Zhang, X H Wu, H X Lu, X M Ge
Objective: To understand HIV-1 subtype characteristics and transmission clusters in elderly male clients and female sex workers (FSWs) of low-cost commercial sex venues in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China. Methods: A cross sectional survey was conducted in FSWs and elderly male clients (≥50 years) of low-cost commercial sex venues in 4 cities and 9 counties in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region by convenient sampling in 2012. The blood sample was collected from each case for HIV-1 antibody detection...
March 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328799/oral-microbiome-in-hiv-associated-periodontitis
#18
Marc Noguera-Julian, Yolanda Guillén, Jessica Peterson, David Reznik, Erica V Harris, Sandeep J Joseph, Javier Rivera, Sunil Kannanganat, Rama Amara, Minh Ly Nguyen, Simon Mutembo, Roger Paredes, Timothy D Read, Vincent C Marconi
HIV-associated periodontal diseases (PD) could serve as a source of chronic inflammation. Here, we sought to characterize the oral microbial signatures of HIV+ and HIV- individuals at different levels of PD severity.This cross-sectional study included both HIV+ and HIV- patients with varying degrees of PD. Two tooth, 2 cheek, and 1 saliva samples were obtained for microbiome analysis. Mothur/SILVADB were used to classify sequences. R/Bioconductor (Vegan, PhyloSeq, and DESeq2) was employed to assess overall microbiome structure differences and differential abundance of bacterial genera between groups...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327830/-stigma-related-to-hiv-aids-associated-with-adherence-to-antiretroviral-therapy-in-patients-of-a-public-hospital-in-lima-peru-2014
#19
Jessica Hanae Zafra-Tanaka, Eduardo Ticona-Chavez
Objectives.: To determine the level of stigma related to HIV/AIDS and its association with adherence to antiretroviral therapy (HAART). Materials and methods.: A cross-sectional study that included adult patients which were part of the HAART program during at least 6 months. Stigma was defined as the loss of value of the person infected with HIV according to Berger scale and treatment adherence as the correct consume of medications which were measured with the Simplified Medication Adherence Questionnaire...
October 2016: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327461/muscle-strength-is-impaired-in-men-but-not-in-women-living-with-hiv-taking-antiretroviral-therapy
#20
Vitor Hf Oliveira, Susana L Wiechmann, Argéria Ms Narciso, Allison R Webel, Rafael Deminice
BACKGROUND: There is evidence that HIV Antiretroviral Therapy adverse effects may be sex-dependent, but data examing these sex differences in muscle strength is scarce. Our aim was to compare dynamic and isokinetic parameters of muscle strength between HIV-infected men and women to HIV-uninfected subjects. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, muscle strength was evaluated in 44 HIV-infected (20 men, 24 women) and 25 age-, race- and body mass index-matched HIV-uninfected subjects (11 men, 14 women)...
March 22, 2017: Antiviral Therapy
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