keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

HIV cross sectional study

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647133/-men-who-have-sex-with-men-and-human-immunodeficiency-virus-testing-in-dental-practice
#1
Jesús Eduardo Elizondo, Ana Cecilia Treviño, Deborah Violant, Ana María Rivas-Estilla, Mario Moisés Álvarez
OBJECTIVE: To explore the attitudes of men who have sex with men (MSM) towards the implementation of rapid HIV-1/2 testing in the dental practice, and to evaluate MSM's perceptions of stigma and discrimination related to sexual orientation by dental care professionals. METHODS: Cross-sectional study using a self-administered, anonymous, structured analytical questionnaire answered by 185 MSM in Mexico. The survey included sociodemographic variables, MSM's perceptions towards public and private dental providers, and dental services, as well as their perception towards rapid HIV-1/2 testing in the dental practice...
June 21, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646888/utilization-of-hiv-testing-services-among-pregnant-mothers-in-low-income-primary-care-settings-in-northern-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Yihun Mulugeta Alemu, Fentie Ambaw, Annelies Wilder-Smith
BACKGROUND: HIV testing of women in child bearing age is an entry point for preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV (MTCT). This study aims to identify the proportion of women tested for HIV and to determine factors associated with utilization of HIV testing services among pregnant mothers in primary care settings in northern Ethiopia. METHODS: A cross sectional study was conducted in 416 pregnant women from four primary care centers between October 2, 2012 and May 31, 2013 in East Gojjam, Ethiopia...
June 24, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645888/hiv-strategic-information-in-non-european-union-countries-in-the-world-health-organization-european-region-capacity-development-needs
#3
Ivana Bozicevic, Senad Handanagic, Jurja Ivana Cakalo, Annemarie Rinder Stengaard, George Rutherford
BACKGROUND: Capacity building of the national HIV strategic information system is a core component of the response to the HIV epidemic as it enables understanding of the evolving nature of the epidemic, which is critical for program planning and identification of the gaps and deficiencies in HIV programs. OBJECTIVE: The study aims to describe the results of the assessment of the needs for further development of capacities in HIV strategic information systems in the non-European Union (EU) countries in the World Health Organization European Region (EUR)...
June 23, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645263/microbiota-dependent-metabolite-and-cardiovascular-disease-marker-trimethylamine-n-oxide-tmao-is-associated-with-monocyte-activation-but-not-platelet-function-in-untreated-hiv-infection
#4
Judith M Haissman, Anna K Haugaard, Sisse R Ostrowski, Rolf K Berge, Johannes R Hov, Marius Trøseid, Susanne D Nielsen
BACKGROUND: HIV infection is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease beyond that explained by traditional risk factors. Altered gut microbiota, microbial translocation, and immune activation have been proposed as potential triggers. The microbiota-dependent metabolite trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO) predicts myocardial infarction (MI) in the general population and has recently been shown to induce platelet hyperreactivity. In the present study, we investigated if TMAO was associated with platelet function, microbial translocation, and immune activation in both untreated and combination anti-retroviral therapy (cART) HIV infection...
June 23, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643241/socio-demographic-characteristics-sexual-and-test-seeking-behaviours-amongst-men-who-have-sex-with-both-men-and-women-results-from-a-bio-behavioural-survey-in-13-european-cities
#5
Massimo Mirandola, Lorenzo Gios, Nigel Sherriff, John Pachankis, Igor Toskin, Laia Ferrer, Sónia Dias, Inga Velicko, Danica Staneková, Saulius Caplinskas, Emilia Naseva, Marta Niedźwiedzka-Stadnik
Within the MSM population, men who have sex with both men and women (MSMW) are identified as a high-risk group both worldwide and in Europe. In a multi-centred bio-behavioural cross-sectional study, we aimed to assess the relationship(s) between socio-demographic factors, stigma, sexual behavioural patterns, test seeking behaviour and sero-status amongst MSMW. A multi-level analysis was conducted to identify factors associated with being MSMW versus Men who have Sex with Men Only (MSMO). A total of 4901 MSM were enrolled across the 13 study sites...
June 22, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639469/barriers-and-facilitators-of-antiretroviral-therapy-adherence-in-rural-eastern-province-zambia-the-role-of-household-economic-status
#6
Rainier Masa, Gina Chowa, Victor Nyirenda
In Zambia, more people living with HIV now have access to lifesaving antiretroviral therapy than ever before. However, progress in HIV treatment and care has not always resulted in lower mortality. Adherence remains a critical barrier to treatment success. The objective of this study was to examine the barriers and facilitators of antiretroviral therapy adherence, particularly the role of household economic status. The study included a cross-sectional sample of 101 people living with HIV (PLHIV) in two rural communities in eastern Zambia...
June 22, 2017: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637724/cross-sectional-association-between-zip-code-level-gentrification-and-homelessness-among-a-large-community-based-sample-of-people-who-inject-drugs-in-19-us-cities
#7
Sabriya L Linton, Hannah Lf Cooper, Mary E Kelley, Conny C Karnes, Zev Ross, Mary E Wolfe, Samuel R Friedman, Don Des Jarlais, Salaam Semaan, Barbara Tempalski, Catlainn Sionean, Elizabeth DiNenno, Cyprian Wejnert, Gabriela Paz-Bailey
BACKGROUND: Housing instability has been associated with poor health outcomes among people who inject drugs (PWID). This study investigates the associations of local-level housing and economic conditions with homelessness among a large sample of PWID, which is an underexplored topic to date. METHODS: PWID in this cross-sectional study were recruited from 19 large cities in the USA as part of National HIV Behavioral Surveillance. PWID provided self-reported information on demographics, behaviours and life events...
June 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633335/pulmonary-tb-varying-radiological-presentations-in-individuals-with-hiv-in-soweto-south-africa
#8
Jesne Kistan, Fatima Laher, Kennedy Otwombe, Ravindre Panchia, Nohemie Mawaka, Limakatso Lebina, Andreas Diacon, Bavesh Kana, Neil Martinson
Background: HIV-uninfected individuals with pulmonary TB (PTB) commonly present with radiological features of upper lobe cavitatory disease. In contrast, individuals with HIV and PTB may present differently. This study compared radiological features of individuals with laboratory-confirmed PTB by HIV status from the largest study in South Africa. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of adults recruited between 2012 and 2015 with laboratory-confirmed PTB in Soweto, South Africa...
March 1, 2017: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632477/antiretroviral-therapy-adherence-and-self-efficacy-among-people-living-with-hiv-and-a-history-of-drug-use-in-vietnam
#9
Li Li, Chunqing Lin, Sung-Jae Lee, Le Anh Tuan, Nan Feng, Nguyen Anh Tuan
People living with HIV with a history of drug use face additional psychosocial challenges that could compromise their adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART). This study examined ART treatment adherence and adherence self-efficacy among people living with HIV with a history of drug use in Vietnam. We used cross-sectional baseline data collected between October 2014 and February 2015 from a randomized controlled trial in Vietnam. Of the 900 persons with a history of drug use in the trial, a sample of 109 people living with HIV currently on ART were included in the study...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632475/generic-substitution-of-antiretrovirals-patients-and-health-care-providers-opinions
#10
Jennifer A Kieran, Eimear O'Reilly, Siobhan O'Dea, Colm Bergin, Aisling O'Leary
There is interest in introducing generic antiretroviral drugs (ARVs) into high-income countries in order to maximise efficiency in health care budgets. Studies examining patients' and providers' knowledge and attitudes to generic substitution in HIV are few. This was a cross-sectional, observational study with a convenience sample of adult HIV-infected patients and health care providers (HCPs). Data on demographics, knowledge of generic medicine and facilitators of generic substitution were collected. Descriptive and univariate analysis was performed using SPSS V...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631227/frequent-occurrence-of-pain-and-prescription-opioid-use-for-treatment-of-pain-among-women-with-and-at-risk-for-hiv-infection
#11
Anjali Sharma, Donald R Hoover, Qiuhu Shi, Jennie C I Tsao, Christopher Cox, Deborah R Gustafson, Kathleen Weber, Ruth M Greenblatt, Bradley E Aouizerat, Michael W Plankey
Pain is frequent and underreported among HIV+ women. We determined occurrence and severity of pain, and types of pain treatments used among HIV+ and HIV- women. Cross-sectional analyses of pain as measured by the Brief Pain Inventory Short Form, and related pain therapies nested in the Women's Interagency HIV Study (WIHS). Multiple variable linear regression models examined differences by HIV status in pain severity and pain interference in general activity, mood, ability to walk, work, relationships with others, sleep, and enjoyment of life...
June 19, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631059/trends-in-hiv-risk-testing-and-treatment-among-msm-in-chicago-2004-2014-implications-for-hiv-elimination-planning
#12
Ethan Morgan, Britt Skaathun, Nicola Lancki, Antonio D Jimenez, Jesus Ramirez-Valles, Ramona Bhatia, Stephanie Masiello-Schuette, Nanette Benbow, Nikhil Prachand, John A Schneider
Men who have sex with men (MSM) in the USA continue to have high rates of HIV infection. Increasingly, in addition to behavioral factors, biomedical interventions have been found to play important roles in HIV prevention. In this analysis, we used four waves of cross-sectional data (2004, 2008, 2011, and 2014) from the National HIV Behavioral Surveillance System (NHBS) to examine trends in key behaviors and biomedical interventions among MSM in Chicago (N = 3298). Logistic regression was used to determine changes in behaviors and use of biomedical interventions...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629887/-early-diagnosis-of-hiv-in-primary-care-in-spain-results-of-a-pilot-study-based-on-targeted-screening-based-on-indicator-conditions-behavioral-criteria-and-region-of-origin
#13
Cristina Agustí, María Martín-Rabadán, José Zarco, Cristina Aguado, Ricard Carrillo, Roger Codinachs, Jose Manuel Carmona, Jordi Casabona
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of HIV infection in patients diagnosed with an indicator condition (IC) for HIV and/or risk behavior for their acquisition and/or coming from high prevalence countries. To determine the acceptability and feasibility of offering HIV testing based on IC and behavioral and origin criteria in Primary Care (PC). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study in a convenience sample. LOCATION: Six PC centers in Spain. PARTICIPANTS: The inclusion criteria were: patients between 16 and 65years old who presented at least one of the proposed ICs and/or at least one of the proposed behavioral and/or origin criteria...
June 16, 2017: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628854/prevalence-and-predictors-of-hcv-among-a-cohort-of-opioid-treatment-patients-in-dar-es-salaam-tanzania
#14
Barrot H Lambdin, Jennifer Lorvick, Jessie K Mbwambo, John Rwegasha, Saria Hassan, Paula Lum, Alex H Kral
BACKGROUND: The government of Tanzania launched an opioid treatment program (OTP), using methadone, in Dar es Salaam in February of 2011. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality globally, especially among people who inject drugs (PWID). We conducted a cross-sectional study among PWID engaged in OTP in Dar es Salaam to describe the prevalence and predictors of HCV antibody serostatus. METHODS: Routine programmatic data on patients enrolled in Muhimbili National Hospital's OTP clinic from February 2011 to January 2013 were utilized...
June 16, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627655/elevated-expression-of-mir-155-is-associated-with-the-differentiation-of-cd8-t-cells-in-patients-with-hiv-1
#15
Changzhong Jin, Linfang Cheng, Xiangyun Lu, Tiansheng Xie, Haibo Wu, Nanping Wu
The differentiation and response ofCD8+ T cells is vital in host defense against human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1). MicroRNA (miR)‑155 is an important regulator of T cell differentiation. However, the profile of miR-155 in HIV‑1 infected individuals and its association with CD8+ T cell differentiation remain to be fully elucidated. The present cross‑sectional study was performed involving 63 HIV‑1‑infected patients undergoing highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), 31 HAART‑naïve patients and 35 healthy controls...
June 12, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623928/the-effects-of-beliefs-about-aids-related-death-on-quality-of-life-in-chinese-married-couples-with-both-husband-and-wife-infected-with-hiv-examining-congruence-using-the-actor-partner-interdependence-model
#16
Nancy Xiaonan Yu
BACKGROUND: This cross-sectional study examined the actor and partner effects of beliefs about AIDS-related death on quality of life in Chinese married couples in which both were living with HIV. METHODS: A total of 49 married couples in central China who were both infected with HIV completed measures to assess their beliefs about AIDS-related death and quality of life. RESULTS: In the actor-partner interdependence model, the husband-wife dyad showed congruence in their beliefs about AIDS-related death (r = ...
June 17, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623554/-obesity-high-blood-pressure-hypercholesterolaemia-and-untreated-diabetes-in-hiv-infected-and-hiv-uninfected-adults-in-mbuji-mayi-democratic-republic-of-congo
#17
D Mukeba-Tshialala, J B Nachega, M Mutombo-Tshingwali, V Arendt, G Gilson, M Moutschen
Little is known about the major cardiovascular risk factors in HIV-infected as compared to the HIV-uninfected patients in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DR Congo). We determined the prevalence of hypertension, obesity (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m(2)), total cholesterol > 200 mg/dl, HDL-cholesterol ≤ 40 mg/dl, and glycemia > 126 mg/dl. We also calculated the average and/or median of total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, and glycemia among HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected patients. We conducted a cross-sectional study that enrolled 592 HIV-uninfected and 445 HIV-infected patients of whom 425 (95...
June 16, 2017: Bulletin de la Société de Pathologie Exotique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623361/burden-of-sleep-disturbances-and-associated-risk-factors-a-cross-sectional-survey-among-hiv-infected-persons-on-antiretroviral-therapy-across-china
#18
Xiaojie Huang, Huiqin Li, Kathrine Meyers, Wei Xia, Zhihao Meng, Chongxi Li, Jinsong Bai, Shenghua He, Weiping Cai, Chengyu Huang, Shuiqing Liu, Hui Wang, Xuemei Ling, Ping Ma, Daling Tan, Fuxiang Wang, Lianguo Ruan, Hongxin Zhao, Hongxia Wei, Yanfen Liu, Jianhua Yu, Hongzhou Lu, Min Wang, Tong Zhang, Hui Chen, Hao Wu
This study evaluated the prevalence and factors associated with sleep disturbance in a large cohort of HIV-infected patients across China. A cross-sectional study was conducted among HIV-infected patients on antiretroviral therapy at 20 AIDS clinics. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index was self-administered by subjects. Socio-demographic characteristics, medical history and HIV-related clinical data were collected. 4103 patients had complete data for analysis. Sleep disturbances were observed in 43.1% of patients...
June 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621223/a-generation-at-risk-a-cross-sectional-study-on-hiv-aids-knowledge-exposure-to-mass-media-and-stigmatizing-behaviors-among-young-women-aged-15-24-years-in-ghana
#19
Charity Konadu Asamoah, Benedict Oppong Asamoah, Anette Agardh
HIV/AIDS stigmatizing behaviors are a huge barrier to early detection and treatment of individuals with the AIDS virus. HIV/AIDS stigma and related consequences are debilitating, especially for vulnerable populations. This study sought to assess whether young women's HIV/AIDS knowledge levels and exposure to mass media (television and radio) have an influence on their stigmatizing behaviors and role as agents of stigma towards individuals living with HIV and AIDS. The data used for this study originated from the Ghana Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey 2011...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612658/the-dimensions-of-food-insecurity-and-malnutrition-among-people-living-with-hiv-in-senegal-west-africa
#20
Noelle A Benzekri, Jacques F Sambou, Binetou Diaw, El Hadji Ibrahima Sall, Fatima Sall, Alassane Niang, Selly Ba, Ndèye Fatou Ngom Guèye, Mouhamadou Baïla Diallo, Stephen E Hawes, Moussa Seydi, Geoffrey S Gottlieb
An understanding of the factors contributing to food insecurity and malnutrition among people living with HIV (PLHIV) in Senegal is urgently needed in order to develop effective interventions. The goals of this study were to identify differences in the dimensions of food security among PLHIV in Dakar versus Ziguinchor, Senegal, to determine which of these dimensions are most predictive of severe food insecurity, and to identify factors associated with malnutrition. We conducted a cross-sectional study at outpatient clinics in Dakar and Ziguinchor, Senegal...
June 14, 2017: AIDS Care
keyword
keyword
98328
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"