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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782820/onchocerciasis-prevalence-human-migration-and-risks-for-onchocerciasis-elimination-in-the-upper-mouhoun-nakamb%C3%A3-and-nazinon-river-basins-in-burkina-faso
#1
Achille S Nikièma, Lassane Koala, Rory J Post, Alain B Paré, Claude Montant Kafando, François Drabo, Adrien M G Belem, Roch K Dabiré, Soungalo Traoré
Historically, the whole of Burkina Faso was considered to be endemic for onchocerciasis (except a small area in the far north of the country) with prevalence rates 60-80%, but all endemic areas were included in the World Health Organisation Onchocerciasis Control Programme, which operated a system of vector control by larviciding beginning in 1974. In Burkina Faso larviciding had been phased out by 1989 when it was considered that onchocerciasis had been reduced to levels below the transmission breakpoint (and any residual infections would disappear without further intervention)...
May 18, 2018: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772931/impact-factor-eigenfactor-article-influence-scopus-snip-and-scimage-journal-rank-of-occupational-therapy-journals
#2
Ted Brown, Sharon A Gutman
BACKGROUND: Journals are currently assessed and ranked using a number of different quantitative performance metrics. AIM: To compare and correlate the publication metrics of English-language occupational therapy journals published in 2015. METHOD: Bibliometric data was sourced for 14 English-language occupational therapy journals including the Journal Citations Report (JCR) 2-year impact factor (IF), Eigenfactor Score (EFS), Article Influence Score (AIS), Scopus Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP), Scopus Citescore, and SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) score...
May 18, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770120/multiparametric-analysis-of-sniff-nasal-inspiratory-pressure-test-in-middle-stage-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#3
Antonio Sarmento, Andrea Aliverti, Layana Marques, Francesca Pennati, Mario Emílio Dourado-Júnior, Guilherme Fregonezi, Vanessa Resqueti
The relaxation rates and contractile properties of inspiratory muscles are altered with inspiratory muscle weakness and fatigue. This fact plays an important role in neuromuscular disorders patients and had never been extensively studied in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). In this cross-sectional study, these parameters were investigated non-invasively through nasal inspiratory sniff pressure test (SNIP) in 39 middle stage spinal onset ALS subjects and compared with 39 healthy controls. ALS patients were also divided into three subgroups according to a decline in their percentage of predicted forced vital capacity (FVC%pred ) as well as a decline in the ALS functional rating scale score and its respiratory subscore (R-subscore) in order to determine the best parameter linked to early respiratory muscle weakness...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723238/interruption-of-onchocerciasis-transmission-in-bioko-island-accelerating-the-movement-from-control-to-elimination-in-equatorial-guinea
#4
Zaida Herrador, Belén Garcia, Policarpo Ncogo, Maria Jesus Perteguer, Jose Miguel Rubio, Eva Rivas, Marta Cimas, Guillermo Ordoñez, Silvia de Pablos, Ana Hernández-González, Rufino Nguema, Laura Moya, María Romay-Barja, Teresa Garate, Kira Barbre, Agustín Benito
BACKGROUND: Onchocerciasis, also known as river blindness, is a parasitic disease. More than 99 percent of all cases occur in Africa. Bioko Island (Equatorial Guinea) is the only island endemic for onchocerciasis in the world. Since 2005, when vector Simulium yahense was eliminated, there have not been any reported cases of infection. This study aimed to demonstrate that updated WHO criteria for stopping mass drug administration (MDA) have been met. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: A cross-sectional study was conducted from September 2016 to January 2017...
May 3, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719306/identifying-the-factors-affecting-papers-citability-in-the-field-of-medicine-an-evidence-based-approach-using-200-highly-and-lowly-cited-papers
#5
Mousa Yaminfirooz, Farzaneh Raeesi Ardali
Introduction: Nowadays, publishing highly-cited papers is important for researchers and editors. In this evidence-based study, the factors influencing the citability of published papers in the field of medicine have been identified. Material and Methods: 200 papers indexed in Scopus (in two groups: highly-cited and lowly-cited) with 100 papers in each were studied. Needed data were manually collected with a researcher-made checklist. Data analysis was done in SPSS using descriptive and inferential statistics...
2018: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682532/effect-of-upright-and-slouched-sitting-postures-on-the-respiratory-muscle-strength-in-healthy-young-males
#6
Ali Albarrati, Hamayun Zafar, Ahmad H Alghadir, Shahnwaz Anwer
Objective: The present study compared the effects of upright and slouched sitting postures on the respiratory muscle strength in healthy young males. Methods: A total of 35 adult male subjects aged 18-35 years participated in this study. Respiratory muscle strength was determined by measurement of sniff nasal inspiratory pressure (SNIP) using a MicroRPM device in the upright and slouched sitting positions. The subjects were asked to perform the pulmonary function test including peak expiratory flow (PEF), forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1 ), forced vital capacity (FVC), and FEV1 /FVC ratio at baseline...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668071/human-papillomavirus-an-unlikely-etiologic-factor-in-sinonasal-inverted-papilloma
#7
Sepideh Mohajeri, Chi Lai, Bibianna Purgina, Dakheelallah Almutairi, Tabassom Baghai, Jim Dimitroulakos, Shaun Kilty
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Tenuous evidence has supported the hypothesis that sinonasal inverted papilloma (SNIP) arise from human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. To clarify the role of HPV in SNIP, all known HPV sub-types were evaluated by employing a robust polymerase chain reaction-based method in a wide variety of SNIPs from a single institution. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective surgical specimen tumor sample analysis. METHODS: HPV positivity among SNIP samples and those with squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) were compared...
April 18, 2018: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643358/polygenic-risk-for-schizophrenia-and-measured-domains-of-cognition-in-individuals-with-psychosis-and-controls
#8
Rebecca Shafee, Pranav Nanda, Jaya L Padmanabhan, Neeraj Tandon, Ney Alliey-Rodriguez, Sreeja Kalapurakkel, Daniel J Weiner, Raquel E Gur, Richard S E Keefe, Scot K Hill, Jeffrey R Bishop, Brett A Clementz, Carol A Tamminga, Elliot S Gershon, Godfrey D Pearlson, Matcheri S Keshavan, John A Sweeney, Steven A McCarroll, Elise B Robinson
Psychotic disorders including schizophrenia are commonly accompanied by cognitive deficits. Recent studies have reported negative genetic correlations between schizophrenia and indicators of cognitive ability such as general intelligence and processing speed. Here we compare the effect of polygenetic risk for schizophrenia (PRSSCZ ) on measures that differ in their relationships with psychosis onset: a measure of current cognitive abilities (the Brief Assessment of Cognition in Schizophrenia, BACS) that is greatly reduced in psychotic disorder patients, a measure of premorbid intelligence that is minimally affected by psychosis onset (the Wide-Range Achievement Test, WRAT); and educational attainment (EY), which covaries with both BACS and WRAT...
April 12, 2018: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628019/impact-of-five-annual-rounds-of-mass-drug-administration-with-ivermectin-on-onchocerciasis-in-sierra-leone
#9
Joseph B Koroma, Santigie Sesay, Abdul Conteh, Benjamin Koudou, Jusufu Paye, Mohamed Bah, Mustapha Sonnie, Mary H Hodges, Yaobi Zhang, Moses J Bockarie
BACKGROUND: Onchocerciasis is endemic in 12 of the 14 health districts of Sierra Leone. Good treatment coverage of community-directed treatment with ivermectin was achieved between 2005 and 2009 after the 11-year civil conflict. Sentinel site surveys were conducted in 2010 to evaluate the impact of five annual rounds of ivermectin distribution. METHODS: In total, 39 sentinel villages from hyper- and meso-endemic areas across the 12 endemic districts were surveyed using skin snips in 2010...
April 6, 2018: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617361/a-real-time-pcr-tool-for-the-surveillance-of-zoonotic-onchocerca-lupi-in-dogs-cats-and-potential-vectors
#10
Maria Stefania Latrofa, Giada Annoscia, Vito Colella, Maria Alfonsa Cavalera, Carla Maia, Coralie Martin, Jan Šlapeta, Domenico Otranto
The ocular onchocercosis is caused is by the zoonotic parasite Onchocerca lupi (Spirurida: Onchocercidae). A major hindrance to scientific progress is the absence of a reliable diagnostic test in affected individuals. Microscopic examination of skin snip sediments and the identification of adults embedded in ocular nodules are seldom performed and labour-intensive. A quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) assay was herein standardized for the detection of O. lupi DNA and the results compared with microscopic examination and conventional PCR (cPCR)...
April 4, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611501/comparison-of-pcr-methods-for-onchocerca-volvulus-detection-in-skin-snip-biopsies-from-the-tshopo-province-democratic-republic-of-the-congo
#11
Jessica Prince-Guerra, Vitaliano Cama, Nana Wilson, Elizabeth A Thiele, Josias Likwela, Nestor N Gyamba, Jacques Muzinga Wa Muzinga, Nicholas Ayebazibwe, Yassa D Ndjakani, Naomi A Pitchouna, Dieudonne M Ngoyi, Antoinette K Tshefu, Guilherme Ogawa, Paul T Cantey
Defining the optimal diagnostic tools for evaluating onchocerciasis elimination efforts in areas co-endemic for other filarial nematodes is imperative. This study compared three published PCR methods: the Onchocerca volvulus -specific qPCR-O150, the pan-filarial qPCR melt curve analysis (MCA), and the O150-PCR ELISA currently used for vector surveillance in skin snip biopsies (skin snips) collected from the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The pan-filarial qPCR-MCA was compared with species-specific qPCRs for Loa loa and Mansonella perstans ...
April 2, 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582223/abstracts-from-the-joint-meeting-of-the-international-society-for-neurovirology-isnv-and-the-society-on-neuroimmune-pharmacology-snip-april-10-14-2018-chicago-illinois-usa
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 27, 2018: Journal of Neuroimmune Pharmacology: the Official Journal of the Society on NeuroImmune Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564416/primary-lacrimal-canaliculitis-a-clinical-entity-often-misdiagnosed
#13
Manpreet Singh, Natasha Gautam, Aniruddha Agarwal, Manpreet Kaur
Purpose: Primary lacrimal canaliculitis (PLC) is a unique disorder which often gets misdiagnosed by the general as well as speciality-trained ophthalmologists. Elderly patients with history of chronic or recurrent epiphora with discharge, often get mislead towards chronic dacryocystitis. The aim of our report is to discuss the misleading diseases in our PLC patients and to revisit this hidden disease. Methods: The patients of PLC who were previously misdiagnosed were studied...
March 2018: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556984/abstracts-from-the-joint-meeting-of-the-international-society-for-neurovirology-isnv-and-the-society-on-neuroimmune-pharmacology-snip-april-10-14-2018-chicago-illinois-usa
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of Neurovirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555495/total-knee-arthroplasty-in-patients-with-prior-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#15
Alejandro Lizaur-Utrilla, Daniel Martinez-Mendez, Santiago Gonzalez-Parreño, Luis Marco-Gomez, Francisco A Miralles Muñoz, Fernando A Lopez-Prats
BACKGROUND: Few studies have analyzed the outcomes of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in patients with prior anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction, and the reported outcomes are controversial. The purpose of this study is to assess if prior ACL reconstruction had any impact on the outcome of subsequent TKA. METHODS: A matched case-control study was conducted in patients who underwent TKA, including 37 with prior ACL reconstruction and 37 patients without ACL reconstruction...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548771/comparison-of-blood-sampling-methods-for-plasma-corticosterone-measurements-in-mice-associated-with-minimal-stress-related-artefacts
#16
Sarah Kim, Daphne Foong, Mark S Cooper, Markus J Seibel, Hong Zhou
Accurate measurement of circulating glucocorticoid concentrations in rodents is often hampered by the stress-related activation of the hypothalamic-pituitaryadrenal axis during animal handling. The present study aims to identify methods of blood collection associated with minimal stress and thus artificial increases in plasma glucocorticoid levels. Using two strains of mice, we evaluated common laboratory methods of non-terminal (tail blood sampling with or without restraint; retro-orbital puncture) and terminal blood collection (cardiac puncture) and their immediate and prolonged effect on plasma corticosterone levels...
July 2018: Steroids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29508056/inspiratory-muscle-weakness-diaphragm-immobility-and-diaphragm-atrophy-after-neck-dissection
#17
Anne Flavia Silva Galindo Santana, Pedro Caruso, Pauliane Vieira Santana, Gislaine Cristina Lopes Machado Porto, Luiz Paulo Kowalski, Jose Guilherme Vartanian
BACKGROUND: Inspiratory strength after a neck dissection has not been evaluated, and diaphragm function has not been adequately evaluated. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate diaphragm mobility and inspiratory strength after neck dissection. METHODS: Prospective data collection of a consecutive series of adult patients submitted to neck dissection for head and neck cancer treatment, in a tertiary referral cancer center, from January to September 2014, with 30 days of follow-up...
May 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506497/a-novel-surgical-technique-for-punctal-stenosis-placement-of-three-interrupted-sutures-after-rectangular-three-snip-punctoplasty
#18
Seong Jun Park, Ju Hee Noh, Ki Bum Park, Sun Young Jang, Jong Won Lee
BACKGROUND: We developed a novel surgical technique to treat punctal stenosis involving the placement of three interrupted sutures after rectangular three-snip punctoplasty (TSP). METHODS: Retrospective chart review of forty-eight eyes of 44 patients who underwent rectangular TSP with three interrupted sutures was performed. We investigated whether anatomical recurrences (re-stenosis) occurred during the follow-up period. The subjective symptoms of patients were surveyed...
March 5, 2018: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502499/biophysics-model-of-heavy-ion-degradation-of-neuron-morphology-in-mouse-hippocampal-granular-cell-layer-neurons
#19
Murat Alp, Francis A Cucinotta
Exposure to heavy-ion radiation during cancer treatment or space travel may cause cognitive detriments that have been associated with changes in neuron morphology and plasticity. Observations in mice of reduced neuronal dendritic complexity have revealed a dependence on radiation quality and absorbed dose, suggesting that microscopic energy deposition plays an important role. In this work we used morphological data for mouse dentate granular cell layer (GCL) neurons and a stochastic model of particle track structure and microscopic energy deposition (ED) to develop a predictive model of high-charge and energy (HZE) particle-induced morphological changes to the complex structures of dendritic arbors...
March 2018: Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490396/long-term-follow-up-of-canaliculotomies-after-canaliculitis
#20
Vera C Stucki, Pashija Demolli, Christoph Kniestedt, Sonja Frimmel
BACKGROUND: Canaliculitis is often misdiagnosed. There are several conservative and surgical treatment options. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of 14 canaliculotomies in 10 patients with canaliculitis. The overall length of the surgically induced opening was measured and compared to the corresponding untreated lacrimal punctae. Lacrimal duct concrements were liberated and sent for microbiological and histological analysis. Patient satisfaction and relief of symptoms were documented as well as clinical findings...
April 2018: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
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