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Prevention falls

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332672/motivational-factors-associated-with-drowsy-driving-behavior-a-qualitative-investigation-of-college-students
#1
Kenneth H Beck, Clark J Lee, Talia Weiner
OBJECTIVES: This qualitative investigation sought to identify the motivational factors that contribute to drowsy driving in college students and to discover important messaging strategies that may help prevent or reduce this behavior in this population. DESIGN: Four focus groups of college students. SETTING: A large university in the Washington, DC, metropolitan area during the Fall 2016 term. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-six undergraduate students between the ages of 18 and 25 years...
February 2018: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326189/period-prevalence-risk-factors-and-consequent-injuries-of-falling-among-the-saudi-elderly-living-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Faisal Yousef Almegbel, Ibrahim Muthyib Alotaibi, Faisal Ahmed Alhusain, Emad M Masuadi, Salma Lafyan Al Sulami, Amairah Fahad Aloushan, Bashayer Ibrahim Almuqbil
OBJECTIVES: Approximately 28% to 35% of people aged 65 and over fall each year. The consequent injuries of falls are considered a major public health problem. Falls account for more than half of injury-related hospitalisations among old people. The aim of this study was to measure a 1-year period prevalence of falling among old people in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. In addition, this study described the most common risk factors and consequent injuries of falls. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A cross-sectional survey was carried out in Riyadh, using a convenient sampling...
January 10, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324632/chair-lift-falls-and-injuries-in-children
#3
Eric W Glissmeyer, Ryan R Metzger, Robert Bolte
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare demographic injury and treatment characteristics of hospitalized pediatric cases of falls from chair lifts to cases of other ski and snowboarding injuries and identify potential interventions for preventing falls from chair lifts. METHODS: Retrospective query of the trauma registry of Utah's only pediatric trauma center for children younger than 18 years requiring hospitalization for a ski or snowboarding injury from November 2004 to February 2014...
January 11, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324564/falls-assessment-and-interventions-among-older-patients-in-two-medical-and-one-surgical-hospital-wards-in-spain-a-best-practice-implementation-project
#4
Laura Albornos-Muñoz, Esther Melián-Correa, Amanda Acosta-Arrocha, Carmen Gallo-Blanco, Felicidad Béjar-Bacas, Emma Alonso-Poncelas, Montserrat Serra-Estrada, Esther González-María, María Teresa Moreno-Casbas
OBJECTIVE: The current project aimed to improve fall prevention and management through clinical audits and the implementation of a quality-improvement cycle at the local level. INTRODUCTION: Falls are one of the most common adverse events reported in hospitals; evidence-based fall prevention interventions aim to reduce the number of people who fall. METHODS: A one-year clinical audit was conducted using a pre-post implementation audit method, namely the Joanna Briggs Institute's (JBI) Practical Application of Clinical Evidence System and the getting research into practice audit and feedback tool...
January 2018: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324526/do-professional-society-advocacy-campaigns-have-an-impact-on-pediatric-orthopaedic-injuries
#5
Alexa J Karkenny, Denver A Burton, Kathleen J Maguire, Regina Hanstein, Norman Y Otsuka
PURPOSE: The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) and the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) both advocate for childhood injury prevention by publishing recommendations to orthopaedic surgeons, pediatricians, and the public. Popular topics of advocacy campaigns have included trampolines, all-terrain vehicles (ATVs), and lawnmowers. The purpose of this study was to investigate the temporal relationship between AAOS/AAP advocacy and pediatric orthopaedic injury rates, using these topics as examples...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324510/reliability-and-validity-of-computerized-force-platform-measures-of-balance-function-in-healthy-older-adults
#6
Cathy C Harro, Chelsea Garascia
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Postural control declines with aging and is an independent risk factor for falls in older adults. Objective examination of balance function is warranted to direct fall prevention strategies. Force platform (FP) systems provide quantitative measures of postural control and analysis of different aspects of balance. The purpose of this study was to examine the reliability and validity of FP measures in healthy older adults. METHODS: This study enrolled 46 healthy elderly adults, mean age 67...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323634/epidemiology-of-traumatic-spinal-cord-injury-in-tianjin-china-an-18-year-retrospective-study-of-735-cases
#7
Hai-Liang Li, Hong Xu, Yu-Lin Li, Shi-Wei Sun, Wen-Ye Song, Qiang Wu, Jie Ai, Jing-Cheng Sun, Guang-Zhi Ning, Shi-Qing Feng
STUDY DESIGN: Hospital-based retrospective study Objectives: To evaluate the pathogenetic features of traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI) during 1999-2016 according to changed injury etiology with time, explore different characteristics of patients suffered a TSCI during 1999-2007 and 2008-2016 in Tianjin, China. SETTING: Tianjin Medical University General Hospital Methods: In this study, the medical records of TSCI patients were obtained from Tianjin Medical University General Hospital (TMUGH) from 1st January 1999 to 31th December 2016...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322357/community-peer-led-falls-prevention-presentations-what-do-the-experts-suggest
#8
Linda A M Khong, Richard G Berlach, Keith D Hill, Anne-Marie Hill
Falls among older adults are a major problem. Despite considerable progress in falls prevention research, older adults often show low motivation to engage in recommended preventive strategies. Peer-led falls prevention education for older adults may have potential for bridging the research evidence-practice gap, thereby promoting the uptake of falls prevention strategies. We evaluated peer educators' presentations of falls prevention education to community-dwelling older adults in regard to established criteria that were consistent with adult learning principles, the framework of health behaviour change, falls prevention guidelines, and recommendations for providing falls prevention information...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320881/masculinity-and-preventing-falls-insights-from-the-fall-experiences-of-men-aged-70-years-and-over
#9
J L M Liddle, Meryl Lovarini, Lindy M Clemson, Haeyoung Jang, Stephen R Lord, Catherine Sherrington, Karen Willis
PURPOSE: To explore men's fall experiences through the lens of masculine identities so as to assist health professionals better engage men in fall prevention programs. METHODS: Twenty-five men, aged 70-93 years who had experienced a recent fall, participated in a qualitative semi-structured interview. Men's willingness to engage in fall prevention programs taking account of individual contexts and expressions of masculinity, were conceptualised using constant comparative methods...
January 11, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320517/explaining-the-decline-in-coronary-heart-disease-mortality-rates-in-the-slovak-republic-between-1993-2008
#10
Marek Psota, Piotr Bandosz, Eva Gonçalvesová, Mária Avdičová, Mária Bucek Pšenková, Martin Studenčan, Jarmila Pekarčíková, Simon Capewell, Martin O'Flaherty
OBJECTIVE: Between the years 1993 and 2008, mortality rates from coronary heart disease (CHD) in the Slovak Republic have decreased by almost one quarter. However, this was a smaller decline than in neighbouring countries. The aim of this modelling study was therefore to quantify the contributions of risk factor changes and the use of evidence-based medical therapies to the CHD mortality decline between 1993 and 2008. METHODS: We identified, obtained and scrutinised the data required for the model...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318592/falls-in-cognitively-impaired-older-adults-implications-for-risk-assessment-and-prevention
#11
Manuel Montero-Odasso, Mark Speechley
OBJECTIVES: To provide an overview of the role of cognition in falls, with potential implications for managing and preventing falls in older adults. DESIGN: Review. SETTING: Observational and interventional studies addressing the role of cognition on falls. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling older adults (65 years and older). MEASUREMENTS: The relationship between gait and cognition in aging and neurodegeneration was reviewed in the medical literature to highlight the role of brain motor control deficits in fall risk...
January 10, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318512/health-status-of-older-cancer-survivors-results-of-the-polsenior-study
#12
Joanna Sulicka, Agnieszka Pac, Monika Puzianowska-Kuźnicka, Tomasz Zdrojewski, Jerzy Chudek, Beata Tobiasz-Adamczyk, Małgorzata Mossakowska, Anna Skalska, Andrzej Więcek, Tomasz Grodzicki
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to characterize health status of older cancer survivors using data from the population-based PolSenior study. METHODS: We compared cancer survivors and non-cancer subjects according to comorbidities, functional status, mental health, and sociodemographic factors. RESULTS: There were 286 (5.8%) cancer survivors in a population of 4943 adults aged 65 years and older. The mean age of cancer survivors was 79...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318085/exploring-older-adult-ed-fall-patients-understanding-of-their-fall-a-qualitative-study
#13
Kalpana N Shankar, Devon Taylor, Caroline T Rizzo, Shan W Liu
Objective: We sought to understand older patients' perspectives about their fall, fall risk factors, and attitude toward emergency department (ED) fall-prevention interventions. Methods: We conducted semistructured interviews between July 2015 and January 2016 of community-dwelling, nondemented patients in the ED, who presented with a fall to an urban, teaching hospital. Interviews were halted once we achieve thematic saturation with the data coded and categorized into themes...
December 2017: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316912/the-effect-of-sleep-pattern-changes-on-postpartum-depressive-symptoms
#14
Beth A Lewis, Dwenda Gjerdingen, Katie Schuver, Melissa Avery, Bess H Marcus
BACKGROUND: Research indicates that poor sleep is associated with postpartum depression; however, little is known regarding this relationship among postpartum women who are at high for postpartum depression. This study examined the relationship between changes in self-reported sleep patterns (from six weeks to seven months postpartum) and depressive symptoms at seven months postpartum among women who were at high risk for postpartum depression. METHODS: Participants (n = 122) were postpartum women who were at an increased risk for postpartum depression (personal or maternal history of depression) and had participated in a randomized exercise intervention trial...
January 9, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316825/on-surmounting-the-barriers-to-hpv-vaccination-we-can-do-better
#15
Aria C Attia, Judith Wolf, Ana Nuñez
The major impediment to increased HPV vaccination coverage in young males and females is lack of health care provider recommendation. Despite its efficacy in preventing cervical cancer, HPV vaccination in females (49.5%) and males (37.5%) ages 13 through 17 falls well below the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC) Healthy People 2020 target of 80% coverage. Parents' willingness to vaccinate their child has been shown to be much higher when physicians share personal vaccination decisions for their own children as well as what other parents have done at that particular clinic...
January 10, 2018: Annals of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316302/oxygen-supply-did-not-affect-how-lizards-responded-to-thermal-stress
#16
Agustin Camacho Guerrero, John M VandenBrooks, Angela Riley, Rory S Telemeco, Michael J Angilletta
Zoologists rely on mechanistic niche models of behavioral thermoregulation to understand how animals respond to climate change. These models predict that species will need to disperse to higher altitudes to persist in a warmer world. However, thermal stress and thus thermoregulatory behavior may depend on atmospheric oxygen as well as environmental temperatures. Severe hypoxia causes animals to prefer lower body temperatures, which could be interpreted as evidence that oxygen supply limits heat tolerance. Such a constraint could prevent animals from successfully dispersing to high elevations during climate change...
January 9, 2018: Integrative Zoology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314411/validity-and-measurement-invariance-of-the-physical-restraint-use-questionnaire-pruq-in-nursing-staff
#17
Eva Penelo, Gabriel J Estévez-Guerra, Emilio Fariña-López
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: We aimed to study the internal structure and measurement invariance of the Physical Restraint Use Questionnaire (PRUQ) and to compare perceptions, experience, and training, regarding use of physical restraint on the elderly between nursing-staff working in hospitals and nursing homes. BACKGROUND: Physical restraint of patients is still common in many countries, thus it is important to study the attitudes of nursing staff. One of the most commonly tools used to assess perceptions regarding its use is the PRUQ...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314249/functional-performances-on-admission-predict-in-hospital-falls-injurious-falls-and-fractures-in-older-patients-a-prospective-study
#18
Mélany Hars, Marie-Claude Audet, François Herrmann, Jean De Chassey, René Rizzoli, Jean-Luc Reny, Gabriel Gold, Serge Ferrari, Andrea Trombetti
Falls are common among older inpatients, and remain a great challenge for hospitals. Despite the relevance of physical impairments to falls, the prognostic value of performance-based functional measures for in-hospital falls and injurious falls remains unknown. This study aimed to determine the predictive ability and accuracy of various functional tests administered at or close to admission in a geriatric hospital to identify in-hospital fallers and injurious fallers. In this prospective study, conducted in a geriatric hospital in Geneva (Switzerland), 807 inpatients (mean age, 85...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305397/physical-activity-implementation-study-in-community-dwelling-adults-phisical-study-protocol
#19
Hannah Carpenter, Sarah Audsley, Carol Coupland, John Gladman, Denise Kendrick, Natasher Lafond, Philippa Logan, Dawn A Skelton, Clare Timblin, Stephen Timmons, Derek Ward, Elizabeth Orton
BACKGROUND: Falls in older people are a leading causes of unintentional injury. Due to an ageing population, injuries are likely to increase unless more is done to reduce older people's falls risk. In clinical trials, the Falls Management Exercise (FaME) programme has reduced the rate of falls and falls-related injuries in community-dwelling older adults. However, the commissioning of FaME is inconsistent across England, potentially due to a lack of evidence that FaME can be delivered effectively in a 'real world' setting...
January 5, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304749/what-works-in-falls-prevention-in-asia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#20
Keith D Hill, Plaiwan Suttanon, Sang-I Lin, William W N Tsang, Asmidawati Ashari, Tengku Aizan Abd Hamid, Kaela Farrier, Elissa Burton
BACKGROUND: There is strong research evidence for falls prevention among older people in the community setting, although most is from Western countries. Differences between countries (eg sunlight exposure, diet, environment, exercise preferences) may influence the success of implementing falls prevention approaches in Asian countries that have been shown to be effective elsewhere in the world. The aim of this review is to evaluate the scope and effectiveness of falls prevention randomized controlled trials (RCTs) from the Asian region...
January 5, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
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