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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528309/maintenance-of-claudin-3-expression-and-the-barrier-functions-of-intercellular-junctions-in-parotid-acinar-cells-via-the-inhibition-of-src-signaling
#1
Megumi Yokoyama, Takanori Narita, Hajime Sakurai, Osamu Katsumata-Kato, Hiroshi Sugiya, Junko Fujita-Yoshigaki
OBJECTIVES: Salivary acinar and duct cells show different expression patterns of claudins, which may reflect their different functions. To study the role of claudins in saliva secretion, we examined alterations in the expression patterns of cell adhesion molecules in parotid glands of γ-irradiated rats and analyzed the influence of those changes on intercellular barrier function using primary cultures of parotid acinar cells. DESIGN: Rats were γ-irradiated with doses of 5, 15 or 20Gy, and expression levels of cell adhesion molecules were examined by immunoblotting analysis...
May 15, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528308/hyperlipidemia-is-involved-in-apoptosis-in-rat-submandibular-glands
#2
Koichiro Irie, Takaaki Tomofuji, Daisuke Ekuni, Tetsuji Azuma, Toshiki Yoneda, Yoshihiro Shimazaki, Manabu Morita
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of hyperlipidemia on histological changes and apoptosis in submandibular glands using apolipoprotein E (apoE)-deficient rats. DESIGN: Histopathological findings related to induced apoptosis in the submandibular glands were compared between apoE-deficient rats (n=6; male; age, 16 weeks) and the corresponding wild-type rats (n=6). RESULTS: ApoE-deficient rats showed significantly higher plasma levels of oxidized low-density lipoprotein (LDL), total cholesterol, very LDL and LDL, and lower plasma levels of high-density lipoprotein when compared to control rats (P<0...
May 17, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514653/the-presence-of-interleukin-13-at-pancreatic-adm-panin-lesions-alters-macrophage-populations-and-mediates-pancreatic-tumorigenesis
#3
Geou-Yarh Liou, Ligia Bastea, Alicia Fleming, Heike Döppler, Brandy H Edenfield, David W Dawson, Lizhi Zhang, Nabeel Bardeesy, Peter Storz
The contributions of the innate immune system to the development of pancreatic cancer are still ill defined. Inflammatory macrophages can initiate metaplasia of pancreatic acinar cells to a duct-like phenotype (acinar-to-ductal metaplasia [ADM]), which then gives rise to pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PanIN) when oncogenic KRas is present. However, it remains unclear when and how this inflammatory macrophage population is replaced by tumor-promoting macrophages. Here, we demonstrate the presence of interleukin-13 (IL-13), which can convert inflammatory into Ym1+ alternatively activated macrophages, at ADM/PanIN lesions...
May 16, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510629/fibroblast-growth-factor-receptor-2-fgfr2-is-required-for-meibomian-gland-homeostasis-in-the-adult-mouse
#4
Lixing W Reneker, Lanlan Wang, Rebecca T Irlmeier, Andrew J W Huang
Purpose: Little is known about the signaling mechanisms controlling meibomian gland (MG) homeostasis and the pathogenic processes leading to MG atrophy and dysfunction in dry eye disease (DED). We investigated the role of fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 (FGFR2) in the MG homeostasis of adult mice. Methods: A triple transgenic mouse strain (Krt14-rtTA; tetO-Cre; Fgfr2flox/flox), referred to as Fgfr2CKO mice, was generated in which the Fgfr2 gene is ablated by Cre recombinase in keratin 14 (Krt14)-expressing epithelial cells on doxycycline (Dox) induction...
May 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506430/george-e-palade-memorial-lecture-my-life-in-pancreatic-research-unexpected-results-may-open-the-door
#5
REVIEW
Makoto Otsuki
The Palade Prize is the most distinguished award of the IAP for achievement in pancreatic research. It is named after George E. Palade, who in 1974 was awarded the Nobel Prize for his work on protein trafficking in pancreatic acinar cells. It is a great honor to be awarded the 2016 Palade Prize. While I was in graduate school, I was conducting research on hypothalamo-pituitary-thyroid axis; after finishing graduate school, I began research on amylase isoenzymes. This was the first step of my pancreatic research...
May 6, 2017: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505316/pancreas-atrophy-and-islet-amyloid-deposition-in-patients-with-elderly-onset-type-2-diabetes
#6
An Xin, Hiroki Mizukami, Wataru Inaba, Taro Yoshida, Yu-Ki Takeuchi, Soroku Yagihashi
Context: With prolonged life-expectancy, we often encounter patients with elderly onset type 2 diabetes (eT2DM). Although clinical features of eT2DM are suggested to be different from those in patients with middle-aged onset type 2 diabetes (mT2DM), islet pathology in eT2DM has not been addressed. Objective: We attempted to characterize the pancreatic pathology in eT2DM and sought for its clinical implication. Methods: Pancreata from 13 young non-diabetic (20-29 y...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502900/nuclear-morphometry-in-histological-specimens-of-canine-prostate-cancer-correlation-with-histological-subtypes-gleason-score-methods-of-collection-and-survival-time
#7
Guido Di Donato, Renée Laufer-Amorim, Chiara Palmieri
Ten normal prostates, 22 benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and 29 prostate cancer (PC) were morphometrically analyzed with regard to mean nuclear area (MNA), mean nuclear perimeter (MNP), mean nuclear diameter (MND), coefficient of variation of the nuclear area (NACV), mean nuclear diameter maximum (MDx), mean nuclear diameter minimum (MDm), mean nuclear form ellipse (MNFe) and form factor (FF). The relationship between nuclear morphometric parameters and histological type, Gleason score, methods of sample collection, presence of metastases and survival time of canine PC were also investigated...
May 6, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502721/met-exon-14-skipping-mutations-in-lung-adenocarcinoma-clinicopathologic-implications-and-prognostic-values
#8
Geun Dong Lee, Seung Eun Lee, Doo-Yi Oh, Dan-Bi Yu, Hae Min Jeong, Jooseok Kim, Sungyoul Hong, Hun Soon Jung, Ensel Oh, Ji-Young Song, Mi-Sook Lee, Mingi Kim, Kyungsoo Jung, Jhingook Kim, Young Kee Shin, Yoon-La Choi, Hyeong Ryul Kim
INTRODUCTION: Response to MET inhibitors in non-small cell lung cancer with MET exon 14 (METex14) skipping has fueled molecular screening efforts and search for optimal therapies. However, further work is needed to refine the clinicopathologic and prognostic implications of METex14 skipping METHODS: Among 795 East-Asian patients who underwent surgery for non-small cell lung cancer, we screened 45 patients with quintuple-negative (EGFR-/KRAS-/ALK-/ROS1-/RET-) lung adenocarcinomas using RT-PCR, and found 17 patients (37...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Thoracic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499095/trpm7-is-involved-in-volume-regulation-in-salivary-glands
#9
J M Kim, S Choi, K Park
Under hypotonic conditions, the regulatory volume decrease (RVD) is essential to maintain physiological homeostasis and functions in diverse biological systems. Intracellular Ca(2+) has been reported as an important mediator of this response, but the underlying Ca(2+) mechanism responsible for RVD is still controversial. Here we investigate the role of Ca(2+) in the RVD response using live-cell imaging, microspectrofluorimetry, and a patch-clamp technique. A typical RVD was observed in submandibular gland acinar cells after swelling in a hypotonic solution, whereas intracellular Ca(2+) chelation completely inhibited the RVD response...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493366/frequent-idh2-r172-mutations-in-undifferentiated-and-poorly-differentiated-sinonasal-carcinomas
#10
Snjezana Dogan, Deborah J Chute, Bin Xu, Ryan N Ptashkin, Raghu Chandramohan, Jacklyn Casanova-Murphy, Khedoudja Nafa, Justin A Bishop, Simion I Chiosea, Edward B Stelow, Ian Ganly, David G Pfister, Nora Katabi, Ronald A Ghossein, Michael F Berger
Sinonasal undifferentiated carcinoma (SNUC) is a high-grade malignancy with limited treatment options and poor outcome. A morphologic spectrum of 47 sinonasal tumors including 17 (36.2%) SNUCs were analyzed at genomic level. Thirty carcinomas (Cohort 1) were subjected to a hybridization exon-capture next-generation sequencing assay (MSK-IMPACT(TM) ) to interrogate somatic variants in 279 or 410 cancer-related genes. Seventeen sinonasal tumors (Cohort 2) were examined only for presence of IDH1/2 exon 4 mutations by Sanger sequencing...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484843/hoxb13-a-useful-marker-in-pleomorphic-giant-cell-adenocarcinoma-of-the-prostate-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#11
Laura Larnaudie, Eva Compérat, Pierre Conort, Justine Varinot
We report the case of an 81-year-old patient with a pleomorphic giant cell adenocarcinoma of the prostate. After diagnosis, he rapidly developed bone metastasis and died within 1 year. This variant of acinar adenocarcinoma is extremely rare and prognosis is poor. This entity has been included into the 2016 WHO classification. The principal differential diagnosis is urothelial carcinoma. To assess the prostatic origin, routine immunohistochemistry can be problematic. Loss of epitopes in this poorly differentiated entity can occur, such as loss of expression of PSA and p504s...
May 8, 2017: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483666/docosahexaenoic-acid-inhibits-il-6-expression-via-ppar%C3%AE-mediated-expression-of-catalase-in-cerulein-stimulated-pancreatic-acinar-cells
#12
Eun Ah Song, Joo Weon Lim, Hyeyoung Kim
Cerulein pancreatitis mirrors human acute pancreatitis. In pancreatic acinar cells exposed to cerulein, reactive oxygen species (ROS) mediate inflammatory signaling by Janus kinase (JAK) 2/signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) 3, and cytokine induction. Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) acts as an agonist of peroxisome proliferator activated receptor γ (PPARγ), which mediates the expression of some antioxidant enzymes. We hypothesized that DHA may induce PPARγ-target catalase expression and reduce ROS levels, leading to the inhibition of JAK2/STAT3 activation and IL-6 expression in cerulein-stimulated acinar cells...
May 5, 2017: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482445/-effect-of-fibroblast-growth-factor-1-on-the-proliferating-cell-nuclear-antigen-expression-in-submandibular-gland-of-diabetic-mice
#13
Z H Zhou, L Shi, M J Lang, Z L Chen, Y L Wang, S He
Objective: To examine the proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) expression in submandibular gland of diabetic mice and to investigate the influence of fibroblast growth factor 1 (FGF-1) on PCNA expression and its possible mechanism. Methods: Sixteen db/db diabetic male mice were randomly divided into diabetic group and diabetic-FGF-1 group (n=8). Eight age-matched db/m mice served as a control group. After FGF-1 was administered intraperitoneally to diabetic-FGF-1 group continuously for 16 weeks, blood glucose and body weight of each mouse in the three groups were detected at 0, 4, 8, 12, 16 weeks...
May 9, 2017: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481310/effects-of-melatonin-and-its-analogues-on-pancreatic-inflammation-enzyme-secretion-and-tumorigenesis
#14
REVIEW
Jolanta Jaworek, Anna Leja-Szpak, Katarzyna Nawrot-Porąbka, Joanna Szklarczyk, Michalina Kot, Piotr Pierzchalski, Marta Góralska, Piotr Ceranowicz, Zygmunt Warzecha, Artur Dembinski, Joanna Bonior
Melatonin is an indoleamine produced from the amino acid l-tryptophan, whereas metabolites of melatonin are known as kynuramines. One of the best-known kynuramines is N¹-acetyl-N¹-formyl-5-methoxykynuramine (AFMK). Melatonin has attracted scientific attention as a potent antioxidant and protector of tissue against oxidative stress. l-Tryptophan and kynuramines share common beneficial features with melatonin. Melatonin was originally discovered as a pineal product, has been detected in the gastrointestinal tract, and its receptors have been identified in the pancreas...
May 8, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473902/leydig-cell-tumor-in-ovary-of-a-german-shepherd-bitch-an-immunohistopathological-study
#15
Ghasem Farjanikish, Ahmad Oryan
Leydig cell tumor as a sex-cord stromal tumor is a relatively uncommon ovarian tumor in bitch. A 10-year-old female German Shepherd dog was presented because of protrusion of a large tumor-like mass of 16 × 14 × 7 cm in dimensions from her vagina. After stabilization of the patient, the mass was removed surgically and concurrent ovariohysterectomy was also performed. Macroscopically, the healthy tissue of the right ovary was totally replaced by a homogeneous, brown and firm mass. The neoplasm was well-circumscribed and nodular and it was clearly demarcated from the healthy tissue...
2017: Veterinary Research Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473229/atypical-flat-lesions-derive-from-pancreatic-acinar-cells
#16
Guido von Figura, Leonie Fahrenkrog-Petersen, Ana Hidalgo-Sastre, Daniel Hartmann, Norbert Hüser, Roland M Schmid, Matthias Hebrok, Nilotpal Roy, Irene Esposito
OBJECTIVES: Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is thought to derive from different precursor lesions including the recently identified atypical flat lesions (AFL). While all precursor lesions and PDAC share ductal characteristics, there is an ongoing debate about the cellular origin of the different PDAC precursor lesions. In particular, pancreatic acinar cells have previously been shown to display a remarkable plasticity being able to undergo ductal dedifferentiation in the context of oncogenic stimuli...
April 25, 2017: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468316/molecular-ghrelin-system-in-the-pancreatic-acinar-cells-the-role-of-the-polypeptide-caerulein-and-sensory-nerves
#17
Joanna Bonior, Piotr Ceranowicz, Ryszard Gajdosz, Beata Kuśnierz-Cabala, Piotr Pierzchalski, Zygmunt Warzecha, Artur Dembiński, Michał Pędziwiatr, Michalina Kot, Anna Leja-Szpak, Katarzyna Nawrot-Porąbka, Paweł Link-Lenczowski, Rafał Olszanecki, Krzysztof Bartuś, Jolanta Jaworek
Ghrelin (GHRL) is an endogenous ligand for the growth hormone secretagogue receptor (GHS-R). Experimental studies showed that GHRL protects the stomach and pancreas against acute damage, but the effect of GHRL on pancreatic acinar cells was still undetermined. AIM: To investigate the effect of GHRL and caerulein on the functional ghrelin system in pancreatic acinar cells taking into account the role of sensory nerves (SN). METHODS: Experiments were carried out on isolated pancreatic acinar cells and AR42J cells...
May 2, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468034/-to-evaluate-the-clinicopathologic-characteristics-and-outcome-of-tumor-cells-spreading-through-air-spaces-in-patients-with-adenocarcinoma-of-lung
#18
P L Sun, J N Liu, L Q Cao, M Yao, H W Gao
Objective: To investigate the clinicopathologic features, molecular characteristics and prognosis of spread through air space (STAS) in patients with adenocarcinoma of the lung. Methods: Two hundred and eighty-eight lung adenocarcinoma patients with complete clinicopathologic and follow-up data were included. The patients were divided into STAS positive (178 cases) and negative (110 cases) groups.EGFR and KRAS gene mutations were detected by amplification refractory mutation system (ARMS), and ALK and ROS1 gene fusion were detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization method...
May 8, 2017: Zhonghua Bing Li Xue za Zhi Chinese Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467574/effect-of-n-acetylcysteine-on-neutrophil-functions-during-experimental-acute-pancreatitis
#19
Kemal Atayoğlu, Günay Gürleyik, Gülderen Demirel, Selvinaz Özkara
BACKGROUND: Systemic inflammatory responses and extrapancreatic vital organ impairment are mediated by activated neutrophil functions and products, such as oxygen-derived free radicals, in patients with acute pancreatitis (AP). The present study is an examination of effects of an antioxidant, N-acetylcysteine (NAC), on local and systemic histopathological changes and neutrophil functions during AP. METHODS: This experimental study was performed on 24 Wistar albino rats equally divided into 3 groups: Group 1 comprised sham laparotomy, Group 2 had AP induced with taurocholate infusion, and Group 3 consisted of AP with NAC treatment...
March 2017: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461470/grp78-haploinsufficiency-suppresses-acinar-to-ductal-metaplasia-signaling-and-mutant-kras-driven-pancreatic-tumorigenesis-in-mice
#20
Jieli Shen, Dat P Ha, Genyuan Zhu, Daisy F Rangel, Agnieszka Kobielak, Parkash S Gill, Susan Groshen, Louis Dubeau, Amy S Lee
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) remains a highly lethal disease in critical need of new therapeutic strategies. Here, we report that the stress-inducible 78-kDa glucose-regulated protein (GRP78/HSPA5), a key regulator of endoplasmic reticulum homeostasis and PI3K/AKT signaling, is overexpressed in the acini and PDAC of Pdx1-Cre;Kras(G12D/+);p53(f/+) (PKC) mice as early as 2 mo, suggesting that GRP78 could exert a protective effect on acinar cells under stress, as during PDAC development. The PKC pancreata bearing wild-type Grp78 showed detectable PDAC by 3 mo and rapid subsequent tumor growth...
May 1, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
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