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Ip3 receptors

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786956/rho-kinase-and-protein-kinase-c-pathways-are-responsible-for-enhanced-carbachol-contraction-in-permeabilized-detrusor-in-a-rat-model-of-cystitis
#1
Merve Denizalti, N Tugba Durlu-Kandilci, G Simsek, T Emrah Bozkurt, Inci Sahin-Erdemli
Interstitial cystitis is a syndrome characterized by detrusor overactivity and chronic inflammation of the bladder. The mechanisms responsible for the altered smooth muscle contractility remain poorly understood. The aim of the study was to investigate the role of intracellular signalling pathways in carbachol-induced detrusor contraction in a rat model of interstitial cystitis. Cyclophosphamide (150 mg/kg, dissolved in saline) was injected to rats (Sprague-Dawley, female, 200-250 g) intraperitoneally once a day on days 1, 4 and 7 to induce interstitial cystitis...
May 22, 2018: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785630/calcium-channels-rho-kinase-protein-kinase-c-and-phospholipase-c-pathways-mediate-mercury-chloride-induced-myometrial-contractions-in-rats
#2
Swati Koli, Atul Prakash, Soumen Choudhury, Rajesh Mandil, Satish K Garg
Adverse effects of mercury on female reproduction are reported; however, its effect on myogenic activity of uterus and mechanism thereof is obscure. Present study was undertaken to unravel the mechanistic pathways of mercuric chloride (HgCl2 )-induced myometrial contraction in rats. Isometric tension in myometrial strips of rats following in vitro exposure to HgCl2 was recorded using data acquisition system-based physiograph. HgCl2 produced concentration-dependent (10 nM-100 μM) uterotonic effect which was significantly (p < 0...
May 21, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782837/phenylalanine-and-tryptophan-stimulate-gastrin-and-somatostatin-secretion-and-h-k-atpase-activity-in-pigs-through-calcium-sensing-receptor
#3
Yihan Xian, Xiuying Zhao, Chao Wang, Cuicui Kang, Liren Ding, Weiyun Zhu, Suqin Hang
In rodents and humans, aromatic amino acids increase gut hormone secretion and H+ -K+ -ATPase activity by modulating calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR). However, the role of CaSR and its related signaling molecules in amino acid-induced gut hormone secretion in swine has not been investigated. Here, we examined whether a CaSR-dependent pathway modulated gastrin and somatostatin (SS) secretion and H+ -K+ -ATPase activity in pigs. Perfusion of pig stomach tissues in the presence of extracellular 80 mM l-phenylalanine (Phe) or 20 mM l-tryptophan (Trp) and a CaSR agonist cinacalcet triggered gastrin and SS secretion and H+ -K+ -ATPase activity (P < 0...
May 18, 2018: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777722/ca-2-signaling-and-spinocerebellar-ataxia
#4
REVIEW
Chihiro Hisatsune, Kozo Hamada, Katsuhiko Mikoshiba
Spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA) is a neural disorder, which is caused by degenerative changes in the cerebellum. SCA is primarily characterized by gait ataxia, and additional clinical features include nystagmus, dysarthria, tremors and cerebellar atrophy. Forty-four hereditary SCAs have been identified to date, along with >35 SCA-associated genes. Despite the great diversity and distinct functionalities of the SCA-related genes, accumulating evidence supports the occurrence of a common pathophysiological event among several hereditary SCAs...
May 16, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768467/alpha-7-nicotinic-receptors-attenuate-neurite-development-through-calcium-activation-of-calpain-at-the-growth-cone
#5
Justin R King, Nadine Kabbani
The α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) is a ligand-gated ion channel that plays an important role in cellular calcium signaling contributing to synaptic development and plasticity, and is a key drug target for the treatment of neurodegenerative conditions such as Alzheimer's disease. Here we show that α7 nAChR mediated calcium signals in differentiating PC12 cells activate the proteolytic enzyme calpain leading to spectrin breakdown, microtubule retraction, and attenuation in neurite growth. Imaging in growth cones confirms that α7 activation decreases EB3 comet motility in a calcium dependent manner as demonstrated by the ability of α7 nAChR, ryanodine, or IP3 receptor antagonists to block the effect of α7 nAChR on growth...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760956/bh4-domain-peptides-derived-from-bcl-2-bcl-xl-as-novel-tools-against-acute-pancreatitis
#6
Tim Vervliet, Julia V Gerasimenko, Pawel E Ferdek, Monika A Jakubowska, Ole H Petersen, Oleg V Gerasimenko, Geert Bultynck
Biliary acute pancreatitis (AP) is a serious condition, which currently has no specific treatment. Taurolithocholic acid 3-sulfate (TLC-S) is one of the most potent bile acids causing cytosolic Ca2+ overload in pancreatic acinar cells (PACs), which results in premature activation of digestive enzymes and necrosis, hallmarks of AP. The inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor (IP3 R) and the ryanodine receptor (RyR) play major roles in intracellular Ca2+ signaling. Inhibition of these endoplasmic reticulum-located channels suppresses TLC-S-induced Ca2+ release and necrosis, decreasing the severity of AP...
2018: Cell Death Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748136/blocking-ip-3-signal-transduction-pathways-inhibits-melatonin-induced-ca-2-signals-and-impairs-p-falciparum-development-and-proliferation-in-erythrocytes
#7
Mateus Fila Pecenin, Lucas Borges-Pereira, Julio Levano-Garcia, Alexandre Budu, Eduardo Alves, Katsuhiko Mikoshiba, Andrew Thomas, Celia R S Garcia
Inositol 1,4,5 trisphosphate (IP3 ) signaling plays a crucial role in a wide range of eukaryotic processes. In Plasmodium falciparum, IP3 elicits Ca2+ release from intracellular Ca2+ stores, even though no IP3 receptor homolog has been identified to date. The human host hormone melatonin plays a key role in entraining the P. falciparum life cycle in the intraerythrocytic stages, apparently through an IP3 -dependent Ca2+ signal. The melatonin-induced cytosolic Ca2+ ([Ca2+ ]cyt ) increase and malaria cell cycle can be blocked by the IP3 receptor blocker 2-aminoethyl diphenylborinate (2-APB)...
March 14, 2018: Cell Calcium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738719/the-role-of-rho-kinase-and-calcium-ions-in-constriction-triggered-by-et-1
#8
Michał Wiciński, Katarzyna Szadujkis-Szadurska, Mateusz M Węclewicz, Bartosz Malinowski, Grzegorz Matusiak, Maciej Walczak, Eryk Wódkiewicz, Grzegorz Grześk, Katarzyna Pawlak-Osińska
Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is one of the key factors regulating tension of smooth muscles in blood vessels. It is believed that ET-1 plays an important role in pathogenesis of hypertension, and cardiovascular diseases; therefore, research in order to limit ET-1-mediated action is still in progress. The main objective of this paper was to evaluate the role of Rho-kinase in the ET-1-induced constriction of arteries. The analysis also included significance of intra- and extracellular pool of calcium ions in constriction triggered by ET-1...
May 5, 2018: Microvascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724623/mechanism-of-interleukin-1-receptor-antagonist-protection-against-myocardial-ischaemia-reperfusion-induced-injury
#9
Wenhao Qian, Changyun Zhao, Dongye Li, Rui Dai
BACKGROUND: New therapeutic targets are required for ischaemic heart disease; our study was designed to assess the theoretical foundation and experimental basis underlying the use of a new anticytokine agent, interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra), in this setting. AIM: To investigate the cardioprotective properties of IL-1ra in terms of inhibition of apoptosis and improvement in systolic and diastolic functions of ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R)-injured cardiomyocytes, via a reduction in the inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) receptor-mediated Ca2+ overload induced by myocardial I/R injury...
April 30, 2018: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706934/isotocin-regulates-growth-hormone-but-not-prolactin-release-from-the-pituitary-of-ricefield-eels
#10
Wei Yang, Ning Zhang, Boyang Shi, Shen Zhang, Lihong Zhang, Weimin Zhang
The neurohypophyseal hormone oxytocin (Oxt) has been shown to stimulate prolactin (Prl) synthesis and release from the adenohypophysis in rats. However, little is known about the functional roles of Oxt-like neuropeptides in the adenohypophysis of non-mammalian vertebrates. In this study, cDNAs encoding ricefield eel oxytocin-like receptors (Oxtlr), namely isotocin (Ist) receptor 1 (Istr1) and 2 (Istr2), were isolated and specific antisera were generated, respectively. RT-PCR and Western blot analysis detected the presence of both Istr1 and Istr2 in the brain and pituitary, but differential expression in some peripheral tissues, including the liver and kidney, where only Istr1 was detected...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701772/inositol-trisphosphate-receptor-mediated-ca2-signalling-stimulates-mitochondrial-function-and-gene-expression-in-core-myopathy-patients
#11
Matteo Suman, Jenny A Sharpe, Robert B Bentham, Vassilios N Kotiadis, Michela Menegollo, Viviana Pignataro, Jordi Molgó, Francesco Muntoni, Michael R Duchen, Elena Pegoraro, Gyorgy Szabadkai
Core myopathies are a group of childhood muscle disorders caused by mutations of the ryanodine receptor (RyR1), the Ca2+ release channel of the sarcoplasmic reticulum. These mutations have previously been associated with elevated inositol trisphosphate receptor (IP3R) levels in skeletal muscle myotubes derived from patients. However, the functional relevance and the relationship of IP3R mediated Ca2+ signalling with the pathophysiology of the disease is unclear. It has also been suggested that mitochondrial dysfunction underlies the development of central and diffuse multi-mini-cores, devoid of mitochondrial activity, which is a key pathological consequence of RyR1 mutations...
April 25, 2018: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682409/copper-induced-activation-of-trps-and-vdccs-triggers-a-calcium-signature-response-regulating-gene-expression-in-ectocarpus-siliculosus
#12
Alberto González, Claudio A Sáez, Alejandra Moenne
In certain multicellular photoautotrophs, such as plants and green macroalgae, it has been demonstrated that calcium signaling importantly mediates tolerance to copper excess. However, there is no information in brown macroalgae, which are phylogenetically distant from green algae and plants. We have previously shown that chronic copper levels (2.5 μM) activate transient receptor potential (TRP) channels in the model brown macroalga Ectocarpus siliculosus , allowing extracellular calcium entry at 13, 29, 39 and 51 min...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678654/4tm-trpm8-channels-are-new-gatekeepers-of-the-er-mitochondria-ca-2-transfer
#13
Gabriel Bidaux, Dmitri Gordienko, George Shapovalov, Valerio Farfariello, Anne-Sophie Borowiec, Oksana Iamshanova, Loic Lemonnier, Maxime Gueguinou, Roseline Guibon, Gaelle Fromont, Mélanie Paillard, Yves Gouriou, Christophe Chouabe, Etienne Dewailly, Dimitra Gkika, Pilar López-Alvarado, J Carlos Menéndez, Laurent Héliot, Christian Slomianny, Natalia Prevarskaya
Calcium (Ca2+ ) release from the endoplasmic reticulum plays an important role in many cell-fate defining cellular processes. Traditionally, this Ca2+ release was associated with the ER Ca2+ release channels, inositol 1,4,5‑triphosphate receptor (IP3 R) and ryanodine receptor (RyR). Lately, however, other calcium conductances have been found to be intracellularly localized and to participate in cell fate regulation. Nonetheless, molecular identity and functional properties of the ER Ca2+ release mechanisms associated with multiple diseases, e...
April 17, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676177/acetylcholine-induced-ciliary-beat-of-the-human-nasal-mucosa-is-regulated-by-the-pannexin-1-channel-and-purinergic-p2x-receptor
#14
Ba H Do, Toyoaki Ohbuchi, Tetsuro Wakasugi, Hiroki Koizumi, Mitsuru Yokoyama, Nobusuke Hohchi, Hideaki Suzuki
Background Airway mucociliary transport is an important function for the clearance of inhaled foreign particulates in the respiratory tract. The present study aimed at investigating the regulatory mechanism of acetylcholine (Ach)-induced ciliary beat of the human nasal mucosa in ex vivo. Methods The inferior turbinate mucosa was collected from patients with chronic hypertrophic rhinitis during endoscopic surgery. The mucosa was cut into thin strips, and ciliary movement was observed under a phase-contrast light microscope with a high-speed digital video camera...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668377/pulsed-infrared-releases-ca-2-from-the-endoplasmic-reticulum-of-cultured-spiral-ganglion-neurons
#15
John N Barrett, Samantha Rincon, Jayanti Singh, Cristina Matthewman, Julio Pasos, Ellen F Barrett, Suhrud M Rajguru
We investigated the effects of pulsed infrared radiation (IR, 1863 nm) stimulation on cytosolic [Ca2+ ] in inner ear spiral ganglion neurons cultured from day 4 postnatal mice and loaded with a fluorescent Ca2+ indicator (fluo-4, -5F or -5N). IR pulse trains (200 µs, 200-250 Hz, 2-5 s) delivered via an optical fiber coupled to IR source produced a rapid, transient temperature increase of 6-11ºC (above a baseline of 24-30 ºC) and evoked transient increases in both nuclear and cytosolic [Ca2+ ] of 0.20 - 1...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619740/nicotine-modulates-mitochondrial-dynamics-in-hippocampal-neurons
#16
Juan A Godoy, Angel G Valdivieso, Nibaldo C Inestrosa
Mitochondria are widely recognized as fundamental organelles for cellular physiology and constitute the main energy source for different cellular processes. The location, morphology, and interactions of mitochondria with other organelles, such as the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), have emerged as critical events capable of determining cellular fate. Mitochondria-related functions have proven particularly relevant in neurons; mitochondria are necessary for proper neuronal morphogenesis and the highly energy-demanding synaptic transmission process...
April 4, 2018: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617377/inositol-1-4-5-trisphosphate-3-kinase-a-overexpressed-in-mouse-forebrain-modulates-synaptic-transmission-and-mglur-ltd-of-ca1-pyramidal-neurons
#17
Byungil Choi, Hyun Woo Lee, Seojung Mo, Jin Yong Kim, Hyun Wook Kim, Im Joo Rhyu, Eunhwa Hong, Yeon Kyung Lee, June-Seek Choi, Chong-Hyun Kim, Hyun Kim
Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate 3-kinase A (IP3K-A) regulates the level of the inositol polyphosphates, inositol trisphosphate (IP3) and inositol tetrakisphosphate to modulate cellular signaling and intracellular calcium homeostasis in the central nervous system. IP3K-A binds to F-actin in an activity-dependent manner and accumulates in dendritic spines, where it is involved in the regulation of synaptic plasticity. IP3K-A knockout mice exhibit deficits in some forms of hippocampus-dependent learning and synaptic plasticity, such as long-term potentiation in the dentate gyrus synapses of the hippocampus...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610273/subcellular-compartmentalization-of-proximal-g%C3%AE-q-receptor-signaling-produces-unique-hypertrophic-phenotypes-in-adult-cardiac-myocytes
#18
Erika F Dahl, Steven C Wu, Chastity L Healy, Brian A Harsch, Gregory C Shearer, Timothy D O'Connell
G protein-coupled receptors that signal through Gαq (Gq receptors), such as α1-adrenergic receptors (α1-ARs) or angiotensin receptors, share a common proximal signaling pathway that activates phospholipase Cβ1 (PLCβ1), which cleaves phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) to produce inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) and diacylglycerol. Despite these common proximal signaling mechanisms, Gq receptors produce distinct physiological responses, yet the mechanistic basis for this remains unclear. In the heart, Gq receptors are thought to induce myocyte hypertrophy through a mechanism termed excitation-transcription coupling, which provides a mechanistic basis for compartmentalization of calcium required for contraction versus IP3-dependent intranuclear calcium required for hypertrophy...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604964/selective-inhibition-of-histamine-evoked-ca-2-signals-by-compartmentalized-camp-in-human-bronchial-airway-smooth-muscle-cells
#19
Philippa Dale, Victoria Head, Mark R Dowling, Colin W Taylor
Intracellular Ca2+ and cAMP typically cause opposing effects on airway smooth muscle contraction. Receptors that stimulate these pathways are therapeutic targets in asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. However, the interactions between different G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) that evoke cAMP and Ca2+ signals in human bronchial airway smooth muscle cells (hBASMCs) are poorly understood. We measured Ca2+ signals in cultures of fluo-4-loaded hBASMCs alongside measurements of intracellular cAMP using mass spectrometry or [3 H]-adenine labeling...
May 2018: Cell Calcium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604959/coupling-of-p2y-receptors-to-ca-2-mobilization-in-mesenchymal-stromal-cells-from-the-human-adipose-tissue
#20
Polina D Kotova, Marina F Bystrova, Olga A Rogachevskaja, Alexander A Khokhlov, Veronika Yu Sysoeva, Vsevolod A Tkachuk, Stanislav S Kolesnikov
The purinergic transduction was examined in mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) from the human adipose tissue, and several nucleotides, including ATP, UTP, and ADP, were found to mobilize cytosolic Ca2+ . Transcripts for multiple purinoreceptors were detected in MSC preparations, including A1 , A2A , A2B , P2Y1 , P2Y2 , P2Y4 , P2Y6 , P2Y11 , P2Y13 , P2Y14 , P2X2 , P2X4 , and P2X7 . Cellular responses to nucleotides were insignificantly sensitive to bath Ca2+ , pointing at a minor contribution of Ca2+ entry, and were suppressed by U73122 and 2-APB, implicating the phosphoinositide cascade in coupling P2Y receptors to Ca2+ release...
May 2018: Cell Calcium
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