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Calcium release

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784983/thermodynamic-and-crystallographic-model-for-anion-uptake-by-hydrated-calcium-aluminate-afm-an-example-of-molybdenum
#1
Nicolas C M Marty, Sylvain Grangeon, Erik Elkaïm, Christophe Tournassat, Clémence Fauchet, Francis Claret
Amongst all cement phases, hydrated calcium aluminate (AFm) plays a major role in the retention of anionic species. Molybdenum (Mo), whose 93 Mo isotope is considered a major steel activation product, will be released mainly under the form of MoO4 2- in a radioactive waste repository. Understanding its fate is of primary importance in a safety analysis of such disposal. This necessitates models that can both predict quantitatively the sorption of Mo by AFm and determine the nature of the sorption process (i...
May 21, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784422/development-of-a-sers-strategy-to-overcome-the-nanoparticle-stabilisation-effect-in-serum-containing-samples-application-to-the-quantification-of-dopamine-in-the-culture-medium-of-pc-12-cells
#2
E Dumont, C De Bleye, J Cailletaud, P-Y Sacré, P-B Van Lerberghe, B Rogister, G A Rance, J W Aylott, Ph Hubert, E Ziemons
The analysis of serum samples by surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) has gained ground over the last few years. However, the stabilisation of colloids by the proteins contained in these samples has restricted their use in common practice, unless antibodies or aptamers are used. Therefore, this work was dedicated to the development of a SERS methodology allowing the analysis of serum samples in a simple and easy-to-implement way. This approach was based on the pre-aggregation of the colloid with a salt solution...
August 15, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783203/mechanical-characterization-and-ion-release-of-bioactive-dental-composites-containing-calcium-phosphate-particles
#3
Livia C Natale, Marcela C Rodrigues, Yvette Alania, Marina D S Chiari, Leticia C C Boaro, Marycel Cotrim, Oscar Vega, Roberto R Braga
OBJECTIVE: to verify the effect of the addition of dicalcium phosphate dihydrate (DCPD) particles functionalized with di- or triethylene glycol dimethacrylate (DEGDMA or TEGDMA) on the degree of conversion (DC), post-gel shrinkage (PS), mechanical properties, and ion release of experimental composites. METHODS: Four composites were prepared containing a BisGMA/TEGDMA matrix and 60 vol% of fillers. The positive control contained only barium glass fillers, while in the other composites 15 vol% of the barium was replaced by DCPD...
May 18, 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782946/delivery-of-the-improved-bmp-2-advanced-plasmid-dna-within-a-gene-activated-scaffold-accelerates-mesenchymal-stem-cell-osteogenesis-and-critical-size-defect-repair
#4
Rosanne M Raftery, Irene Mencía-Castaño, Simon Sperger, Gang Chen, Brenton Cavanagh, Georg Feichtinger, Heinz Redl, Ara Hacobian, Fergal J O'Brien
Gene-activated scaffolds have been shown to induce controlled, sustained release of functional transgene both in vitro and in vivo. Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) are potent mediators of osteogenesis however we found that the delivery of plasmid BMP-2 (pBMP-2) alone was not sufficient to enhance bone formation. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess if the use of a series of modified BMP-2 plasmids could enhance the functionality of a pBMP-2 gene-activated scaffold and ultimately improve bone regeneration when implanted into a critical sized bone defect in vivo...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782226/microparticle-release-from-cell-lines-and-its-anti-influenza-activity
#5
Saharat Jantaratrirat, Chompunuch Boonarkart, Kanyarat Ruangrung, Ornpreya Suptawiwat, Prasert Auewarakul
Microparticles (MPs) are vesicles that are released by budding from plasma membrane of living cells. Recently, the role of MPs in antiviral activity has been proposed. We investigated quantity and anti-influenza activity of MPs from human alveolar epithelial cells A549, human bronchial epithelial cells BEAS-2B, human colon adenocarcinoma cells HT-29, and the human lung fibroblast cells MRC-5. MPs were found from all four cell lines. However, anti-influenza activity against an H1N1 influenza virus was found only from MPs of A549 and BEAS-2B...
May 21, 2018: Viral Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780159/modulation-of-store-operated-calcium-entry-and-nascent-adhesion-by-p21-activated-kinase-1
#6
In-Sook Jeon, Hye-Ryun Kim, Eun-Young Shin, Eung-Gook Kim, Heon-Seok Han, Jin-Tae Hong, Hak-Kyo Lee, Ki-Duk Song, Joong-Kook Choi
Calcium mobilization is necessary for cell movement during embryonic development, lymphocyte synapse formation, wound healing, and cancer cell metastasis. Depletion of calcium in the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum using inositol triphosphate (IP3) or thapsigargin (TG) is known to induce oligomerization and cytoskeleton-mediated translocation of stromal interaction molecule 1 (STIM1) to the plasma membrane, where it interacts with the calcium release-activated calcium channel Orai1 to mediate calcium influx; this process is referred to as store-operated calcium entry (SOCE)...
May 21, 2018: Experimental & Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779889/epithelial-sodium-channel-regulates-adult-neural-stem-cell-proliferation-in-a-flow-dependent-manner
#7
David Petrik, Michael H Myoga, Sofia Grade, Niklas J Gerkau, Melanie Pusch, Christine R Rose, Benedikt Grothe, Magdalena Götz
One hallmark of adult neurogenesis is its adaptability to environmental influences. Here, we uncovered the epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) as a key regulator of adult neurogenesis as its deletion in neural stem cells (NSCs) and their progeny in the murine subependymal zone (SEZ) strongly impairs their proliferation and neurogenic output in the olfactory bulb. Importantly, alteration of fluid flow promotes proliferation of SEZ cells in an ENaC-dependent manner, eliciting sodium and calcium signals that regulate proliferation via calcium-release-activated channels and phosphorylation of ERK...
May 9, 2018: Cell Stem Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777722/ca-2-signaling-and-spinocerebellar-ataxia
#8
REVIEW
Chihiro Hisatsune, Kozo Hamada, Katsuhiko Mikoshiba
Spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA) is a neural disorder, which is caused by degenerative changes in the cerebellum. SCA is primarily characterized by gait ataxia, and additional clinical features include nystagmus, dysarthria, tremors and cerebellar atrophy. Forty-four hereditary SCAs have been identified to date, along with >35 SCA-associated genes. Despite the great diversity and distinct functionalities of the SCA-related genes, accumulating evidence supports the occurrence of a common pathophysiological event among several hereditary SCAs...
May 16, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775933/observing-hno-3-release-dependent-upon-metal-complexes-in-malonic-acid-nitrate-droplets
#9
Xu Shao, Feng-Min Wu, Hui Yang, Shu-Feng Pang, Yun-Hong Zhang
Although the dicarboxylic acid has been reported to react with nitrate for aged internally mixed aerosols in atmosphere, the quantitative nitrate depletion dependent upon composition in particles is still not well constrained. The chemical composition evolutions for malonic acid/sodium nitrate (MA/SN), malonic acid/magnesium nitrate (MA/MN) and malonic acid/calcium nitrate (MA/CN) particles with the organic to inorganic molar ratio (OIR) of 1:1 are investigated by vacuum Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR)...
May 9, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775742/ryanodine-receptor-ca-2-release-channel-post-translational-modification-central-player-in-cardiac-and-skeletal-muscle-disease
#10
Amanda Denniss, Angela F Dulhunty, Nicole A Beard
Calcium release from internal stores is a quintessential event in excitation-contraction coupling in cardiac and skeletal muscle. The ryanodine receptor Ca2+ release channel is embedded in the internal sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ store, which releases Ca2+ into the cytoplasm, enabling contraction. Ryanodine receptors form the hub of a macromolecular complex extending from the extracellular space to the sarcoplasmic reticulum lumen. Ryanodine receptor activity is influenced by the integrated effects of associated co-proteins, ions, and post-translational phosphor and redox modifications...
May 15, 2018: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773582/activation-of-large-conductance-calcium-activated-k-channels-by-nitric-oxide-mediates-apelin-induced-relaxation-of-coronary-arteries
#11
Amreen Mughal, Chengwen Sun, Stephen T O'Rourke
Apelin increases coronary blood flow, cardiac contractility and cardiac output. Based on these favorable hemodynamic effects, apelin and apelin-like analogs are being developed for treating heart failure and related disorders; however, the molecular mechanisms underlying apelin-induced coronary vasodilation are unknown. This study aimed to elucidate the signaling pathways by which apelin causes smooth muscle relaxation in coronary arteries. Receptors for apelin (APJ receptors) were expressed in coronary arteries, as determined by Western blot and PCR analyses...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768676/ccl19-with-ccl21-tail-displays-enhanced-glycosaminoglycan-binding-with-retained-chemotactic-potency-in-dendritic-cells
#12
Astrid S Jørgensen, Pontian E Adogamhe, Julia M Laufer, Daniel F Legler, Christopher T Veldkamp, Mette M Rosenkilde, Gertrud M Hjortø
CCL19 is more potent than CCL21 in inducing chemotaxis of human dendritic cells (DC). This difference is attributed to 1) a stronger interaction of the basic C-terminal tail of CCL21 with acidic glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) in the environment and 2) an autoinhibitory function of this C-terminal tail. Moreover, different receptor docking modes and tissue expression patterns of CCL19 and CCL21 contribute to fine-tuned control of CCR7 signaling. Here, we investigate the effect of the tail of CCL21 on chemokine binding to GAGs and on CCR7 activation...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768484/herbivory-responsive-calmodulin-like-protein-cml9-does-not-guide-jasmonate-mediated-defenses-in-arabidopsis-thaliana
#13
Monika Heyer, Sandra S Scholz, Dagmar Voigt, Michael Reichelt, Didier Aldon, Ralf Oelmüller, Wilhelm Boland, Axel Mithöfer
Calcium is an important second messenger in plants that is released into the cytosol early after recognition of various environmental stimuli. Decoding of such calcium signals by calcium sensors is the key for the plant to react appropriately to each stimulus. Several members of Calmodulin-like proteins (CMLs) act as calcium sensors and some are known to mediate both abiotic and biotic stress responses. Here, we study the role of the Arabidopsis thaliana CML9 in different stress responses. CML9 was reported earlier as defense regulator against Pseudomonas syringae...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768467/alpha-7-nicotinic-receptors-attenuate-neurite-development-through-calcium-activation-of-calpain-at-the-growth-cone
#14
Justin R King, Nadine Kabbani
The α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) is a ligand-gated ion channel that plays an important role in cellular calcium signaling contributing to synaptic development and plasticity, and is a key drug target for the treatment of neurodegenerative conditions such as Alzheimer's disease. Here we show that α7 nAChR mediated calcium signals in differentiating PC12 cells activate the proteolytic enzyme calpain leading to spectrin breakdown, microtubule retraction, and attenuation in neurite growth. Imaging in growth cones confirms that α7 activation decreases EB3 comet motility in a calcium dependent manner as demonstrated by the ability of α7 nAChR, ryanodine, or IP3 receptor antagonists to block the effect of α7 nAChR on growth...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765929/gonadotropin-releasing-hormone-agonist-plus-aromatase-inhibitor-in-the-treatment-of-uterine-leiomyoma-in-near-menopause-patient-a-case-series-study
#15
Sanam Moradan
Objectives: There are many drugs for of symptomatic fibroids. Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonists are the well known drugs. Also, aromatase inhibitors are effective. All published studies surveyed the effect of one of these two drugs. In this study as the first study decided to evaluate the effectiveness of the combination of GnRH agonists + aromatise inhibitor on the uterine fibroids. Methods: A cross-sectional prospective case series study was performed on 10 known cases of uterine fibroids late perimenopause, at least 3 myomas >5 cm, abnormal uterine bleeding and anemia due to fibroids, candidate for hysterectomy, no tendency to surgery...
April 2018: Journal of Menopausal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765331/high-ph-sensitive-store-operated-ca-2-entry-mediated-by-ca-2-release-activated-ca-2-channels-in-rat-odontoblasts
#16
Maki Kimura, Koichi Nishi, Asuka Higashikawa, Sadao Ohyama, Kaoru Sakurai, Masakazu Tazaki, Yoshiyuki Shibukawa
Odontoblasts play a crucial role in dentin formation and sensory transduction following the application of stimuli to the dentin surface. Various exogenous and endogenous stimuli elicit an increase in the intracellular free calcium concentration ([Ca2+ ]i ) in odontoblasts, which is mediated by Ca2+ release from intracellular Ca2+ stores and/or Ca2+ influx from the extracellular medium. In a previous study, we demonstrated that the depletion of Ca2+ stores in odontoblasts activated store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE), a Ca2+ influx pathway...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764979/the-complex-relationship-between-tfeb-transcription-factor-phosphorylation-and-subcellular-localization
#17
REVIEW
Rosa Puertollano, Shawn M Ferguson, James Brugarolas, Andrea Ballabio
The MiT-TFE family of basic helix-loop-helix leucine-zipper transcription factors includes four members: TFEB, TFE3, TFEC, and MITF Originally described as oncogenes, these factors play a major role as regulators of lysosome biogenesis, cellular energy homeostasis, and autophagy. An important mechanism by which these transcription factors are regulated involves their shuttling between the surface of lysosomes, the cytoplasm, and the nucleus. Such dynamic changes in subcellular localization occur in response to nutrient fluctuations and various forms of cell stress and are mediated by changes in the phosphorylation of multiple conserved amino acids...
May 15, 2018: EMBO Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761068/antibiotic-containing-bone-substitute-in-major-hip-surgery-a-long-term-gentamicin-elution-study
#18
Mindaugas Stravinskas, Malin Nilsson, Peter Horstmann, Michael Mørk Petersen, Sarunas Tarasevicius, Lars Lidgren
Objectives: The objective is to present the antibiotic elution from a locally implanted gentamicin containing hydroxyapatite and calcium sulphate bone substitute with an extended follow up of 30 days. We also compare the pharmacokinetics of the ceramic bone substitute with a published study on gentamicin containing poly (methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) bone cement used in primary total hip arthroplasty. Methods: Gentamicin release was measured in the urine for a month and the serum for 4 days in 10 patients operated for trochanteric hip fractures and 10 patients in uncemented hip revisions...
2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760390/olfactory-bulb-acetylcholine-release-dishabituates-odor-responses-and-reinstates-odor-investigation
#19
M Cameron Ogg, Jordan M Ross, Mounir Bendahmane, Max L Fletcher
Habituation and dishabituation modulate the neural resources and behavioral significance allocated to incoming stimuli across the sensory systems. We characterize these processes in the mouse olfactory bulb (OB) and uncover a role for OB acetylcholine (ACh) in physiological and behavioral olfactory dishabituation. We use calcium imaging in both awake and anesthetized mice to determine the time course and magnitude of OB glomerular habituation during a prolonged odor presentation. In addition, we develop a novel behavioral investigation paradigm to determine how prolonged odor input affects odor salience...
May 14, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758025/clca2-is-a-positive-regulator-of-store-operated-calcium-entry-and-tmem16a
#20
Aarushi Sharma, Grace Ramena, Yufang Yin, Louis Premkumar, Randolph C Elble
The Chloride Channel Accessory (CLCA) protein family was first characterized as regulators of calcium-activated chloride channel (CaCC) currents (ICaCC), but the mechanism has not been fully established. We hypothesized that CLCAs might regulate ICaCC by modulating intracellular calcium levels. In cells stably expressing human CLCA2 or vector, we found by calcium imaging that CLCA2 moderately enhanced intracellular-store release but dramatically increased store-operated entry of calcium upon cytosolic depletion...
2018: PloS One
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