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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914142/attitudes-regarding-hpv-vaccinations-of-children-among-mothers-with-adolescent-daughters-in-korea
#1
Kyong No Lee, Kylie Hae Jin Chang, Seong Sik Cho, Sung Ho Park, Sung Taek Park
The aim of this study, carried out before the beginning of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccinations as a National Immunization Program (NIP) in Korea in 2016, is to assess the ranges of perceptions and personal experience and their influences on attitudes regarding HPV vaccinations of children, among mothers of adolescent (9-14 years of age) daughters in Korea. From November 2015 to February 2016, we distributed a written questionnaire to mothers who had daughters aged 9-14 years. The questionnaire consisted of several questions, related to knowledge of HPV, personal experiences of HPV vaccination, and attitudes toward HPV vaccinations of their adolescent daughters...
January 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911357/characterization-of-metabolic-status-in-nonhuman-primates-with-the-intravenous-glucose-tolerance-test
#2
Michael Staup, George Aoyagi, TeQuana Bayless, Yixin Wang, Keefe Chng
The intravenous glucose tolerance test (IVGTT) plays a key role in the characterization of glucose homeostasis. When taken together with serum biochemical profiles, inclusive of blood glucose levels in both the fed and fasted state, HbA1c, insulin levels, clinical history of diet, body composition, and body weight status, an assessment of normal and abnormal glycemic control can be made. Interpretation of an IVGTT is done through measurement of changes in glucose and insulin levels over time in relation to the dextrose challenge...
November 13, 2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910235/the-impact-of-caregiver-mediated-jasper-on-child-restricted-and-repetitive-behaviors-and-caregiver-responses
#3
Clare Harrop, Amanda Gulsrud, Wendy Shih, Lilit Hovsepyan, Connie Kasari
Restricted and repetitive behaviors (RRBs) are a core feature of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Compared to the social-communication impairments children show, we know less about why children engage in these repetitive actions and behaviors and how to help children (and their caregivers) with these behaviors. As a result, early intervention has typically focused on social-communication. In this study, we were interested in understanding how child RRBs changed following an intervention that targeted social-communication behaviors and if the training caregivers received changed how they responded to their child's RRBs...
December 2, 2016: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909692/origin-of-cancer-an-information-energy-and-matter-disease
#4
Rainer G Hanselmann, Cornelius Welter
Cells are open, highly ordered systems that are far away from equilibrium. For this reason, the first function of any cell is to prevent the permanent threat of disintegration that is described by thermodynamic laws and to preserve highly ordered cell characteristics such as structures, the cell cycle, or metabolism. In this context, three basic categories play a central role: energy, information, and matter. Each of these three categories is equally important to the cell and they are reciprocally dependent...
2016: Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909101/changes-in-properties-of-auditory-nerve-synapses-following-conductive-hearing-loss
#5
Xiaowen Zhuang, Wei Sun, Matthew A Xu-Friedman
: Auditory activity plays an important role in the development of the auditory system. Decreased activity can result from conductive hearing loss (CHL) associated with otitis media, which may lead to long-term perceptual deficits. The effects of CHL have been mainly studied at later stages of the auditory pathway, but early stages remain less examined. However, changes in early stages could be important, because they would affect how information about sounds is conveyed to higher order areas for further processing and localization...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907900/insulin-resistance-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-euglycaemic-hyperinsulinaemic-clamp-studies
#6
Samantha Cassar, Marie L Misso, William G Hopkins, Christopher S Shaw, Helena J Teede, Nigel K Stepto
STUDY QUESTION: What is the degree of intrinsic insulin resistance (IR) in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and the relative contribution of BMI to overall IR based on meta-analysis of gold standard insulin clamp studies? SUMMARY ANSWER: We report an inherent reduction (-27%) of insulin sensitivity (IS) in PCOS patients, which was independent of BMI. WHAT IS ALREADY KNOWN: PCOS is prevalent, complex and underpinned by IR but controversies surround the degree of intrinsic IR in PCOS, the effect of BMI and the impact of the different diagnostic criteria (NIH versus Rotterdam) in PCOS...
November 2016: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904796/functional-hop-tests-and-tuck-jump-assessment-scores-between-female-division-i-collegiate-athletes-participating-in-high-versus-low-acl-injury-prone-sports-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#7
Philipp Hoog, Meghan Warren, Craig A Smith, Nicole J Chimera
BACKGROUND: Although functional tests including the single leg hop (SLH), triple hop (TH), cross over hop (COH) for distance, and the tuck jump assessment (TJA) are used for return to play (RTP) criteria for post anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury, sport-specific baseline measurements are limited. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine differences in SLH, TH, and COH distance and limb symmetry index (LSI), as well as total scores, number of jumps, and individual flaws of the TJA in 97 injury-free Division I (DI) collegiate female student athletes participating in ACL injury prone vs...
December 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904791/current-concepts-in-biomechanical-interventions-for-patellofemoral-pain
#8
Richard W Willy, Erik P Meira
: Patellofemoral pain (PFP) has historically been a complex and enigmatic issue. Many of the factors thought to relate to PFP remain after patients' symptoms have resolved making their clinical importance difficult to determine. The tissue homeostasis model proposed by Dye in 2005 can assist with understanding and implementing biomechanical interventions for PFP. Under this model, the goal of interventions for PFP should be to re-establish patellofemoral joint (PFJ) homeostasis through a temporary alteration of load to the offended tissue, followed by incrementally restoring the envelope of function to the baseline level or higher...
December 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900167/scat2-and-scat3-scores-at-baseline-and-after-sports-related-mild-brain-injury-concussion-qualitative-synthesis-with-weighted-means
#9
Roger E Thomas, Jorge Alves, Marcus M Vaska, Rosana Magalhães
OBJECTIVE: Identify all Sport Concussion Assessment Tool (SCAT2/3) studies, compare baseline and postconcussion results. DESIGN: Systematic review (qualitative synthesis, weighted means). DATA SOURCES: 18 databases, 9 grey literature resources searched for SCAT2/3 data; 9150 articles identified, titles/abstracts assessed/data-entry independently by two reviewers. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SELECTING STUDIES: Any studies reporting partial/complete SCAT2/3 data...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899680/normative-tandem-gait-in-collegiate-student-athletes-implications-for-clinical-concussion-assessment
#10
Jessie R Oldham, Melissa S DiFabio, Thomas W Kaminski, Ryan M DeWolf, Thomas A Buckley
BACKGROUND: Impaired balance is common after concussion. The third edition of the Sport Concussion Assessment Tool (SCAT-3) recommends the Balance Error Scoring System (BESS) and/or tandem gait for postconcussion balance assessment. The limitations of the BESS are well documented; however, tandem gait has received little attention throughout concussion literature. The purpose of this study was to provide normative data for tandem gait in collegiate student-athletes based on sport type, concussion history, and gender...
November 29, 2016: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899502/bacillus-subtilis-early-colonization-of-arabidopsis-thaliana-roots-involves-multiple-chemotaxis-receptors
#11
Rosalie Allard-Massicotte, Laurence Tessier, Frédéric Lécuyer, Venkatachalam Lakshmanan, Jean-François Lucier, Daniel Garneau, Larissa Caudwell, Hera Vlamakis, Harsh P Bais, Pascale B Beauregard
: Colonization of plant roots by Bacillus subtilis is mutually beneficial to plants and bacteria. Plants can secrete up to 30% of their fixed carbon via root exudates, thereby feeding the bacteria, and in return the associated B. subtilis bacteria provide the plant with many growth-promoting traits. Formation of a biofilm on the root by matrix-producing B. subtilis is a well-established requirement for long-term colonization. However, we observed that cells start forming a biofilm only several hours after motile cells first settle on the plant...
November 29, 2016: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898210/the-role-of-early-maternal-support-in-balancing-full-time-work-and-infant-exclusive-breastfeeding-a-qualitative-study
#12
Lea Pounds, Christopher M Fisher, Debora Barnes-Josiah, Jason D Coleman, R Craig Lefebvre
INTRODUCTION: Support of others is a key factor for mothers who choose to breastfeed their infants, including those who balance work outside the home and breastfeeding. However, little research has been done to understand how maternal support during the postpartum period impacts mothers' ability to later balance work and breastfeeding, in particular full-time work and exclusive breastfeeding. The results of this qualitative study indicate that the timing of support plays a key role in mothers' ability to successfully overcome barriers during the early postpartum period, thus building maternal self-efficacy in addressing problems encountered when they return to work...
November 29, 2016: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896633/adverse-orienting-effects-on-visual-working-memory-encoding-and-maintenance
#13
Benchi Wang, Chuyao Yan, Zhiguo Wang, Christian N L Olivers, Jan Theeuwes
Visual working memory (VWM) representations can be strengthened by pre-cues presented before, and retro-cues presented after, the memory display, providing evidence that attentional orienting plays a role in memory encoding and maintenance. It is unknown whether attentional orienting to VWM stimuli can also have adverse effects (known as inhibition of return; IOR), as has been found for perceptual-cueing tasks. If so, this would provide further evidence for common attentional orienting mechanisms for mnemonic and perceptual representations...
November 28, 2016: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896294/a-qualitative-assessment-of-return-to-sport-after-hip-arthroscopy-for-femoroacetabular-impingement
#14
Vehniah K Tjong, Charles J Cogan, Brett D Riederman, Michael A Terry
BACKGROUND: Hip arthroscopy for femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) is known to produce excellent outcomes, yet some patients do not return to their preinjury level of sport participation. Much literature on return to sport has revolved around anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction and even shoulder instability, but none to date have used qualitative, semistructured patient interviews on patients with hip labral tears. PURPOSE: To understand the factors influencing the decision to return to sport after arthroscopic hip surgery for FAI...
November 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896290/do-clinical-results-and-return-to-sport-rates-after-ulnar-collateral-ligament-reconstruction-differ-based-on-graft-choice-and-surgical-technique
#15
Brandon J Erickson, Gregory L Cvetanovich, Rachel M Frank, Bernard R Bach, Mark S Cohen, Charles A Bush-Joseph, Brian J Cole, Anthony A Romeo
BACKGROUND: Ulnar collateral ligament reconstruction (UCLR) has become a common procedure performed in overhead-throwing athletes of many athletic levels. PURPOSE/HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of this study was to determine whether clinical outcomes and return-to-sport (RTS) rates differ among patients undergoing UCLR based on graft choice, surgical technique, athletic competition level, handedness, and treatment of the ulnar nerve. We hypothesized that no differences would exist in clinical outcomes or RTS rates between technique, graft choice, or other variables...
November 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893509/educating-providers-in-return-to-play-suggested-guidelines-postconcussion
#16
Angela Macci Bires, Amanda L Leonard, Brandon Thurber
As the awareness of concussions increases, it is imperative to be able to evaluate, diagnose, and treat concussed individuals properly to prevent further complications or death. The primary purpose of this study was to compare a provider's current awareness and comfort level as it relates to the return-to-play guidelines for concussions. A secondary aim was to evaluate current protocols that are in use and determine whether they coincide with the suggested guidelines. An educational intervention was implemented to assess the knowledge and confidence of health care providers...
January 2017: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889508/physiological-responses-and-changes-in-gene-expression-in-the-large-yellow-croaker-larimichthys-crocea-following-exposure-to-hypoxia
#17
Qian-Feng Wang, Wei-Liang Shen, Cong-Cong Hou, Cheng Liu, Xiong-Fei Wu, Jun-Quan Zhu
Organisms at all levels of evolutionary complexity react to hypoxic stress. To clarify the effects of acute hypoxia on physiological and biochemical responses of Larimichthys crocea, we measured the activity levels of the antioxidant enzymes superoxide dismutase and catalase, hemoglobin concentration, functional indices of the liver (aspartate transaminase, alanine transaminase), heart (phosphocreatine kinase), and immune system (alkaline phosphatase), as well as mRNA expression levels of the immunity-related genes Hsp70 and HIF-1α at different time points of hypoxic...
November 24, 2016: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886878/return-to-play-for-athletes
#18
REVIEW
Brett D Rosenthal, Barrett S Boody, Wellington K Hsu
Sports-related activities are associated with a variety of spinal injuries. Spine surgeons must be able to determine an athlete's readiness to return to play. Most spine surgeons agree that an athlete should be neurologically intact, be pain free, be at full strength, and have full range of motion before returning to full, unrestricted athletic activity. Certain spine injuries such as stingers may allow for return to play nearly immediately; whereas, other clinical entities such as spear tackler's spine are considered absolute contraindications to return to play...
January 2017: Neurosurgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886843/expediting-professional-athletes-return-to-competition
#19
REVIEW
Jeff M Coppage, Michelle G Carlson
Return-to-play (RTP) decisions often represent a challenge to physicians caring for athletes. The multifaceted and unique nature of each RTP decision makes standardization of the decision-making process impossible and demands of the physician thoughtful consideration of all competing interests and variables. Such difficult medical decisions are further complicated by unique ethical and legal considerations. Although no concrete RTP recommendations are available, the consensus of experienced team physicians and knowledge of the rules and regulations that apply to RTP are helpful guides to treating the various upper extremity injuries that occur in elite athletes...
February 2017: Hand Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886840/elbow-dislocations-in-contact-sports
#20
REVIEW
Mark S Morris, Kagan Ozer
Elbow dislocations are more common in athletes than in the general population. Simple elbow dislocations should be managed with early range of motion and early return to sport, even with high-level contact athletes. Patients with instability on examination or with complex elbow dislocations may require surgical intervention. Overall, the outcomes after simple elbow dislocations are excellent and athletes should be able to return to play without significant limitations.
February 2017: Hand Clinics
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