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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214581/oxadiargyl-induced-conformational-transition-of-cystatin-isolated-from-yellow-mustard-seeds-biophysical-and-biochemical-approach
#1
Azaj Ahmed, Anas Shamsi, Bilqees Bano
Phytocystatins are thiol proteinase inhibitors crucial due to their inhibitory activity in plants. These play important roles in improving crop yield, protection against insects and pathogens and modulation of apoptosis. In this chemical era, various pesticides are being used globally to increase the crop biomass. These pesticides accumulate in plant body and produce harmful effects on plants itself by interacting with essential proteins. In this present study, we have monitored the interaction of a herbicide; oxadiargyl, with phytocystatin isolated from yellow mustard seeds (YMP) by employing spectroscopic techniques viz...
February 15, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212406/accumulation-of-medium-chain-saturated-fatty-acyl-moieties-in-seed-oils-of-transgenic-camelina-sativa
#2
Zhaohui Hu, Qian Wu, Jyoti Dalal, Naresh Vasani, Harry O Lopez, Heike W Sederoff, Rongda Qu
With its high seed oil content, the mustard family plant Camelina sativa has gained attention as a potential biofuel source. As a bioenergy crop, camelina has many advantages. It grows on marginal land with low demand for water and fertilizer, has a relatively short life cycle, and is stress tolerant. As most other crop seed oils, camelina seed triacylglycerols (TAGs) consist of mostly long, unsaturated fatty acyl moieties, which is not desirable for biofuel processing. In our efforts to produce shorter, saturated chain fatty acyl moieties in camelina seed oil for conversion to jet fuel, a 12:0-acyl-carrier thioesterase gene, UcFATB1, from California bay (Umbellularia californica Nutt...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210904/acute-and-neuropathic-orofacial-antinociceptive-effect-of-eucalyptol
#3
José de Maria de Albuquerque de Melo Júnior, Marina de Barros Mamede Vidal Damasceno, Sacha Aubrey Alves Rodrigues Santos, Talita Matias Barbosa, João Ronielly Campêlo Araújo, Antonio Eufrásio Vieira-Neto, Deysi Viviana Tenazoa Wong, Roberto César Pereira Lima-Júnior, Adriana Rolim Campos
Terpenes have a wide range of pharmacological properties, including antinociceptive action. The anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive effects of eucalyptol are well established. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the antinociceptive effect of eucalyptol on acute and neuropathic orofacial pain in rodent models. Acute orofacial and corneal nociception was induced with formalin, capsaicin, glutamate and hypertonic saline in mice. In another series, animals were pretreated with capsazepine or ruthenium red to evaluate the involvement of TRPV1 receptors in the effect of eucalyptol...
February 16, 2017: Inflammopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210467/diversity-and-distribution-of-culturable-lactic-acid-bacterial-species-in-indonesian-sayur-asin
#4
Wibowo Mangunwardoyo, Abinawanto, Andi Salamah, Endang Sukara, Sulistiani, Achmad Dinoto
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) play important roles in processing of Sayur Asin (spontaneously fermented mustard). Unfortunately, information about LAB in Indonesian Sayur Asin, prepared by traditional manufactures which is important as baseline data for maintenance of food quality and safety, is unclear. The aim of this study was to describe the diversity and distribution of culturable lactic acid bacteria in Sayur Asin of Indonesia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four Sayur Asin samples (fermentation liquor and fermented mustard) were collected at harvesting times (3-7 days after fermentation) from two traditional manufactures in Tulung Agung (TA) and Kediri (KDR), East Java provinces, Indonesia...
August 2016: Iranian Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203716/progressive-obesity-alters-ovarian-insulin-phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase-and-chemical-metabolism-signaling-pathways-and-potentiates-ovotoxicity-induced-by-phosphoramide-mustard-in-mice%C3%A2
#5
Jackson Nteeba, Shanthi Ganesan, Jill A Madden, Mackenzie J Dickson, Aileen F Keating
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203708/obesity-alters-phosphoramide-mustard-induced-ovarian-dna-repair-in-mice%C3%A2
#6
Shanthi Ganesan, Jackson Nteeba, Jill A Madden, Aileen F Keating
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193081/association-between-acne-and-serum-pro-inflammatory-cytokines-il-1%C3%AE-il-1%C3%AE-il-1ra-il-6-il-8-il-12-and-rantes-in-mustard-gas-exposed-patients-sardasht-iran-cohort-study
#7
Nayere Askari, Tooba Ghazanfari, Roya Yaraee, Mohammad Reza Vaez Mahdavi, Mohammad-Reza Soroush, Zuhair Mohammad Hassan, Zohre Khodashenas, Jalaleddin Shams, Soghrat Faghihzadeh
BACKGROUND: Acne vulgaris is a very common chronic inflammatory disorder, yet its pathogenesis is not clearly understood. As part of the SICS, this study was conducted to evaluate the association between the incidence of acne vulgaris in SM-exposed subjects (20 years after the exposure) and serum levels of proinflammatory cytokines (IL-1α, IL-1β, IL-1Ra, IL-6, IL-8, IL-12 and RANTES) in an attempt to better understand the pathogenesis of long-term skin disorders of these individuals...
February 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193079/correlation-between-mmp-9-and-mmp-9-timps-complex-with-pulmonary-function-in-sulfur-mustard-exposed-civilians-sardasht-iran-cohort-study
#8
Sara Ghaffarpour, Tooba Ghazanfari, Sussan Kabudanian Ardestani, Shahryar Pourfarzam, Faramarz Fallahi, Jalaleddin Shams, Ensieh Sadat Mirsharif, Ali Mohammad Mohseni Majd, Soghrat Faghihzadeh
BACKGROUND: Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are a family of proteinases and have the vigorous capacity to degrade all parts of the extracellular matrix. MMP enzymes strongly participate in physiological processes such as normal tissue remodeling and wound healing and in pathology of pulmonary diseases. They are released in response to environmental stimuli such as toxins and regulated by endogenous tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs). Sulfur mustard (SM) is a chemical toxic which can cause severe permanent damages to lung tissues...
February 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191957/towards-financially-viable-phytoextraction-and-production-of-plant-based-palladium-catalysts
#9
Zakuan Azizi Shamsul Harumain, Helen L Parker, Andrea Muñoz García, Michael J Austin, Con Robert McElroy, Andrew J Hunt, James H Clark, John A Meech, Christopher William Noel Anderson, Luca Ciacci, Thomas E Graedel, Neil C Bruce, Elizabeth L Rylott
Although a promising technique, phytoextraction has yet to see significant commercialization. Major limitations include metal uptake rates and subsequent processing costs. However, it has been shown that liquid-culture-grown Arabidopsis can take up and store palladium as nanoparticles. The processed plant biomass has catalytic activity comparable to that of commercially available catalysts, creating a product of higher value than extracted bulk metal. We demonstrate that the minimum level of palladium in Arabidopsis dried tissues for catalytic activity comparable to commercially available 3% palladium-on-carbon catalysts was achieved from dried plant biomass containing between 12 and 18 g·kg-1 Pd...
February 13, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191706/g-protein-coupled-estrogen-receptor-and-estrogen-receptor-ligands-regulate-colonic-motility-and-visceral-pain
#10
M Zielińska, J Fichna, M Bashashati, S Habibi, A Sibaev, J-P Timmermans, M Storr
BACKGROUND: Diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D) is a functional gastrointestinal (GI) disorder, which occurs more frequently in women than men. The aim of our study was to determine the role of activation of classical estrogen receptors (ER) and novel membrane receptor, G protein-coupled estrogen receptor (GPER) in human and mouse tissue and to assess the possible cross talk between these receptors in the GI tract. METHODS: Immunohistochemistry was used to determine the expression of GPER in human and mouse intestines...
February 12, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187396/methyl-orvinol-dual-activity-opioid-receptor-ligand-inhibits-gastrointestinal-transit-and-alleviates-abdominal-pain-in-the-mouse-models-mimicking-diarrhea-predominant-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#11
Marta Zielińska, Agata Jarmuż, Andrzej Wasilewski, Gerta Cami-Kobeci, Stephen Husbands, Jakub Fichna
BACKGROUND: Diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D) is a functional disorder of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. The major IBS-D symptoms include diarrhea, abdominal pain and discomfort. High density of opioid receptors (ORs) in the GI tract and their participation in the maintenance of GI homeostasis make ORs ligands an attractive option for developing new anti-IBS-D treatments. The aim of this study was to characterize the effect of methyl-orvinol on the GI motility and secretion and in mouse models mimicking symptoms of IBS-D...
December 5, 2016: Pharmacological Reports: PR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184907/regulation-of-nitrogen-mustard-induced-lung-macrophage-activation-by-valproic-acid-a-histone-deacetylase-inhibitor
#12
Alessandro Venosa, James G Gow, Leroy Hall, Rama Malaviya, Andrew J Gow, Jeffrey D Laskin, Debra L Laskin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 10, 2017: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183791/appearance-of-qrs-fragmentation-late-after-mustard-senning-repair-is-associated-with-adverse-outcome
#13
Frederik Helsen, Bert Vandenberk, Pieter De Meester, Alexander Van De Bruaene, Charlien Gabriels, Els Troost, Marc Gewillig, Bart Meyns, Rik Willems, Werner Budts
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate if development of fragmented QRS (fQRS) complexes, a marker of inhomogeneous ventricular activation due to myocardial fibrosis, is associated with adverse outcome in adults after Mustard/Senning repair for d-transposition of the great arteries (d-TGA). METHODS: Adults with atrial switch repair for d-TGA were selected from the database of a tertiary care hospital. Exclusion criteria were systemic right ventricular (RV) assist device or heart transplantation (HTx) before the age of 16, or fQRS already present at first visit to the Adult Congenital Heart Disease clinic...
February 9, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163599/development-and-validation-of-functional-caps-markers-for-the-fae-genes-in-brassica-juncea-and-their-use-in-marker-assisted-selection
#14
Navinder Saini, Naveen Singh, Anil Kumar, Nitika Vihan, Sangita Yadav, Sujata Vasudev, D K Yadava
Low erucic acid is a major breeding target to improve the edible oil quality in Brassica juncea. The single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in fatty acid elongase 1 (FAE1.1 and FAE1.2) gene was exploited to expedite the breeding program. The paralogs of FAE1 gene were sequenced from low erucic acid genotype Pusa Mustard 30 and SNPs were identified through homologous alignment with sequence downloaded from NCBI GenBank. Two SNPs in FAE1.1 at position 591 and 1265 and one in FAE1.2 at 237 were found polymorphic among low and high erucic acid genotypes...
December 2016: Breeding Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159293/determination-of-pesticide-residues-in-leafy-vegetables-at-parts-per-billion-levels-by-a-chemometric-study-using-gc-ecd-in-cameron-highlands-malaysia
#15
Yang Farina, Md Pauzi Abdullah, Nusrat Bibi, Wan Mohd Afiq Wan Mohd Khalik
A simple and sensitive analytical method has been developed employing gas chromatography coupled with electron capture detector (GC-ECD), and validated for screening and quantification of 15 pesticide residues at trace levels in cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, lettuce, celery, spinach, and mustard. The method consists of two steps, first, to determine the significance of each factor by Pareto chart followed by optimization of these significant factors using central composite design (CCD). Minitab statistical software was used for these multivariate experiments for the generation of 2(4-1) design and CCD matrices...
June 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154196/dna-repair-in-drosophila-mutagens-models-and-missing-genes
#16
Jeff Sekelsky
The numerous processes that damage DNA are counterbalanced by a complex network of repair pathways that, collectively, can mend diverse types of damage. Insights into these pathways have come from studies in many different organisms, including Drosophila melanogaster Indeed, the first ideas about chromosome and gene repair grew out of Drosophila research on the properties of mutations produced by ionizing radiation and mustard gas. Numerous methods have been developed to take advantage of Drosophila genetic tools to elucidate repair processes in whole animals, organs, tissues, and cells...
February 2017: Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153402/assessment-of-biotransfer-and-bioaccumulation-of-cadmium-lead-and-zinc-from-fly-ash-amended-soil-in-mustard-aphid-beetle-food-chain
#17
Mudasir Irfan Dar, Iain D Green, Mohd Irfan Naikoo, Fareed Ahmad Khan, Abid Ali Ansari, Mohd Iqbal Lone
The present study investigates the extent of biotransfer and bioaccumulation of cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb) and zinc (Zn) from fly ash amended soil in mustard (Brassica juncea)-aphid (Lipaphis erysimi)-beetle (Coccinella septempunctata) food chain and its subsequent implications for the beetle. The soil was amended with fly ash at the rates of 0, 5, 10, 20 and 40% (w/w). Our results showed that the uptake of Cd, Pb and Zn from soil to mustard root increased with the increase in fly ash application rates, but their root to shoot translocation was relatively restricted...
January 30, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150589/effects-of-heat-and-freeze-on-isolated-erythrocyte-submembrane-skeletons
#18
Ivan T Ivanov, Boyana K Paarvanova, Veselin Ivanov, Kathrin Smuda, Hans Bäumler, Radostina Georgieva
In this study we heated insoluble residues, obtained after Triton-X-100 (0.1 v/v%) extraction of erythrocyte ghost membranes (EGMs). Specific heat capacity, electric capacitance and resistance, and optical transmittance (280 nm) sustained sharp changes at 49°C (TA) and 66°C (TC), the known denaturation temperatures of spectrin and band 3, respectively. The change at TA was selectively inhibited by diamide (1 mM) and taurine mustard (1 mM) while its inducing temperature was selectively decreased by formamide in full concert with the assumed involvement of spectrin denaturation...
February 2, 2017: General Physiology and Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129680/mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-mbsr-and-its-effects-on-psychoimmunological-factors-of-chemically-pulmonary-injured-veterans
#19
Zahra Arefnasab, Abdolreza Babamahmoodi, Farhang Babamahmoodi, Ahmad Ali Noorbala, Ahmad Alipour, Yunes Panahi, Jamal Shams, Farhad Riazi Rad, Vahid Khaze, Mostafa Ghanei
Mindfulness-based Stress Reduction (MBSR) is a treatment program for relieving stress and coping with chronic illnesses. In recent three decades, studies have shown that MBSR has a positive effect on physical and psychological dimensions of chronic illnesses. Chemically pulmonary injured veterans have chronic pulmonary and psychological problems due to mustard gas exposure and complications of Iran-Iraq war. These stresses have negative effects on their general health and immune system. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study conducted on psychoneuroimmunology and MBSR in these patients...
December 2016: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115758/a-flow-cytometry-based-method-for-detecting-simultaneously-five-allergens-in-a-complex-food-matrix
#20
Gaetan Otto, Amandine Lamote, Elise Deckers, Valery Dumont, Philippe Delahaut, Marie-Louise Scippo, Jessica Pleck, Caroline Hillairet, Nathalie Gillard
To avoid carry-over contamination with allergens, food manufacturers implement quality control strategies relying primarily on detection of allergenic proteins by ELISA. Although sensitive and specific, this method allowed detection of only one allergen per analysis and effective control policies were thus based on multiplying the number of tests done in order to cover the whole range of allergens. We present in this work an immunoassay for the simultaneous detection of milk, egg, peanut, mustard and crustaceans in cookies samples...
December 2016: Journal of Food Science and Technology
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