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Injury assesment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27392843/impairments-of-postural-stability-core-endurance-fall-index-and-functional-mobility-skills-in-patients-with-patello-femoral-pain-syndrome
#1
Gul Deniz Yilmaz Yelvar, Yasemin Çirak, Murat Dalkilinç, Yasemin Parlak Demir, Gul Baltaci, Mahmut Kömürcü, Gul Deniz Yilmaz Yelvar
BACKGROUND: Postural control allows performance of daily and sports activities. The previous studies show that postural sway inceases in orthopaedic injuries such as osteoarthritis and total knee arthroplasty. OBJECTIVE: To compare postural sway, risk of falling and function between individuals with and without patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFS). METHODS: This study included 22 subjects with patellofemoral pain syndrome, age-matched pain-free 22 females serving as a control group...
June 30, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27083568/evaluating-the-evidence-is-phrenic-nerve-stimulation-a-safe-and-effective-tool-for-decreasing-ventilator-dependence-in-patients-with-high-cervical-spinal-cord-injuries-and-central-hypoventilation
#2
REVIEW
Emily P Sieg, Russell A Payne, Sprague Hazard, Elias Rizk
INTRODUCTION: Case reports, case series and case control studies have looked at the use of phrenic nerve stimulators in the setting of high spinal cord injuries and central hypoventilation syndromes dating back to the 1980s. We evaluated the evidence related to this topic by performing a systematic review of the published literature. METHODS: Search terms "phrenic nerve stimulation," "phrenic nerve and spinal cord injury," and "phrenic nerve and central hypoventilation" were entered into standard search engines in a systematic fashion...
June 2016: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25992694/assesment-of-the-treatment-of-earlobe-keloids-with-triamcinolone-injections-surgical-resection-and-local-pressure
#3
Silvia Mandello Carvalhaes, Andy Petroianu, Mauro Augusto Tostes Ferreira, Virgínea Magalhães de Barros, Raquel Virgínea Lopes
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the combined treatment of ear lobe keloids. METHODS: We studied 46 consecutive patients with 81 ear lobe keloids. Patients underwent local infiltration of triamcinolone acetonide (TCN) at concentrations of 40 mg/ml (Group 1), 20 mg/ml (Group 2) and 10mg/ml (Group 3). The volume of TCN infiltrate varied according to the size of the lesion. Treatment consisted of three monthly injections before surgery, excision of keloid in the fourth month and perioperative infiltration, followed by two more leaks TCN within two months...
January 2015: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25653103/xuebijing-injection-reduces-organ-injuries-and-improves-survival-by-attenuating-inflammatory-responses-and-endothelial-injury-in-heatstroke-mice
#4
Qiulin Xu, Jingxian Liu, Xiaohua Guo, Youqing Tang, Gengbiao Zhou, Yanan Liu, Qiaobing Huang, Yan Geng, Zhifeng Liu, Lei Su
BACKGROUND: The pathogenesis of heatstroke is a multi-factorial process involved with an interplay among subsequent inflammation, endothelial injury and coagulation disturbances, which makes pharmacological therapy of heatstroke a challenging problem. Xuebijing injection (XBJ), a traditional Chinese medicine used to sepsis, has been reported to suppress inflammatory responses and restore coagulation disturbances. However, little is known about the role of XBJ in heatstroke. METHODS: Mice were treated with indicated dose of XBJ before and/or after the induction of heatstroke...
2015: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25618113/the-effects-of-different-intraabdominal-pressure-protocols-in-laparoscopic-procedures-on-oxidative-stress-markers-and-morphology-in-rat-ovaries
#5
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Alper Biler, Sait Yucebilgin, Fatih Sendag, Levent Akman, Ali Akdemir, Utku Ates, Yigit Uyanikgil, Ozlem Yilmaz-Dilsiz, Ebru Sezer
BACKGROUND: To determine the effects of different intraabdominal pressure (IAP) on the ovaries in a laparoscopic rat model. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to determine the effects on the ovaries of different intraabdominal pressures (IAP) in laparoscopic surgery in a rat model. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty-two post-pubertal nonpregnant Sprague-Dawley rats were divided randomly into four groups. In the control group, no intraabdominal pressure (IAP) was applied...
November 2014: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25508521/-assesment-of-effectiveness-of-nucleotide-therapy-after-sciatic-nerve-injury
#6
(no author information available yet)
Experimental and clinical data have shown that there is an increase in the necessity of pyrimidine nucleotides after peripheral nerve injury. The aim of the study was to estimate the neuroprotective efficacy of the Nucleo CMP preparation (Nucleo CMP. Ferrer Internacional) containing cytidine monophosphate and uridine triphosphate nucleotides after unilateral compression of the sciatic nerve of rats. We recorded extracellular spike activity of single motoneurons of the spinal cord on the ipsilateral side towards injury during high frequency stimulation of distal collaterals (nervus tibialis and nervus peroneus communis) of the injured sciatic nerve...
February 2014: Rossiĭskii Fiziologicheskiĭ Zhurnal Imeni I.M. Sechenova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25470894/-assesment-of-effectiveness-of-nucleotide-therapy-after-sciatic-nerve-injury
#7
V A Chavushian, L R Gevorkian, K V Simonian
Experimental and clinical data have shown that there is an increase in the necessity of pyrimidine nucleotides after peripheral nerve injury. The aim of the study was to estimate the neuroprotective efficacy of the Nucleo CMP preparation (Nucleo CMP. Ferrer Internacional) containing cytidine monophosphate and uridine triphosphate nucleotides after unilateral compression of the sciatic nerve of rats. We recorded extracellular spike activity of single motoneurons of the spinal cord on the ipsilateral side towards injury during high frequency stimulation of distal collaterals (nervus tibialis and nervus peroneus communis) of the injured sciatic nerve...
February 2014: Rossiĭskii Fiziologicheskiĭ Zhurnal Imeni I.M. Sechenova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24998230/healing-of-stoma-after-magnetic-biliary-enteric-anastomosis-in-canine-peritonitis-models
#8
Jian-Hui Li, Long Guo, Wei-Jie Yao, Zhi-Yong Zhang, Shan-Pei Wang, Shi-Qi Liu, Zhi-Min Geng, Xiao-Ping Song, Yi Lv
OBJECTIVE: To assese the healing of stoma after magnetic anastomosis for the reconstruction of biliary-enteric continuity under severe inflammation. METHODS: Acute bile duct injury was constructed as a bile peritonitis model in mongrel dogs (n=32). Magnetic anastomosis (group A, n=16) and traditional suture anastomosis (group B, n=16) were performed to reconstruct the biliary-enteric continuity in one stage. Half of the dogs in each group were euthanized on the 30th postoperative day, and the other half on the 90th postoperative day to harvest the stoma region...
June 2014: Chinese Medical Sciences Journal, Chung-kuo i Hsüeh K'o Hsüeh Tsa Chih
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24462505/multimodal-assessment-of-primary-motor-cortex-integrity-following-sport-concussion-in-asymptomatic-athletes
#9
Sara Tremblay, Vincent Beaulé, Sébastien Proulx, Sébastien Tremblay, Małgorzata Marjańska, Julien Doyon, Maryse Lassonde, Hugo Théoret
OBJECTIVE: Recent studies have shown, in asymptomatic concussed athletes, metabolic disruption in the primary motor cortex (M1) and abnormal intracortical inhibition lasting for more than six months. The present study aims to assess if these neurochemical and neurophysiological alterations are persistent and linked to M1 cortical thickness. METHODS: Sixteen active football players who sustained their last concussion, on average, three years prior to testing and 14 active football players who never sustained a concussion were recruited for a single session of proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H-MRS) and transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS)...
July 2014: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23913246/influence-of-endotoxin-mediated-retinal-inflammation-on-phenotype-of-diabetic-retinopathy-in-ins2-akita-mice
#10
Nermina N Vagaja, Nicolette Binz, Samuel McLenachan, Elizabeth P Rakoczy, Paul G McMenamin
AIMS: To evaluate the impact of systemic exposure to bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on a rodent model of background diabetic retinopathy. METHODS: Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)-mediated systemic inflammation was induced in Ins2(Akita) heterozygotes and age-matched C57BL6/J-Ins2(+) littermates by single or repeated intraperitoneal injections of the TLR4 ligand LPS (9 µg/g body weight). 24 hours after a single injection in 7-week-old mice retinal Il1b, Tnfa and Vegf transcripts were measured with real-time PCR...
October 2013: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23810799/post-ischemic-administration-of-progesterone-reduces-caspase-3-activation-and-dna-fragmentation-in-the-hippocampus-following-global-cerebral-ischemia
#11
Claudia Espinosa-García, Rosa María Vigueras-Villaseñor, Julio César Rojas-Castañeda, Alejandra Aguilar-Hernández, Tomas Monfil, Miguel Cervantes, Gabriela Moralí
Delayed death of hippocampal CA1 pyramidal neurons following global cerebral ischemia/reperfusion may be mediated, in part, by caspase-3 activation resulting in DNA fragmentation. Progesterone (P4) is known to exert neuroprotective effects in several models of brain injury. This study was designed to assess the effect of P4 on caspase-3 levels and activation, and DNA fragmentation in the hippocampus following global cerebral ischemia/reperfusion. Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to global ischemia by the four-vessel occlusion model...
August 29, 2013: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23084799/translation-and-validation-of-the-self-injurious-thoughts-and-behaviors-interview-in-a-spanish-population-with-suicidal-behaviour
#12
Rebeca García-Nieto, Hilario Blasco-Fontecilla, Manuel Paz Yepes, Enrique Baca-García
INTRODUCTION: Most of the assesment tools used in our country examine a limited range of suicidal behaviours. In contrast, the Self-Injurious Thoughts and Behaviors Interview (SITBI), developed in the US, assesses a wider range of these behaviours: suicidal ideation, suicide attempt, suicidal gestures, and self-harming behaviours. Given this lack, we think it is necessary to validate the Escala de Pensamientos y Conductas Autolesivas (EPCA), Spanish translation of the SITBI, in the Spanish population...
July 2013: Revista de Psiquiatrí́a y Salud Mental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22969877/effects-of-quercetin-on-apoptosis-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-and-nos-gene-expression-in-renal-ischemia-reperfusion-injury
#13
M Kenan Kinaci, Nilufer Erkasap, Aysegul Kucuk, Tulay Koken, Murat Tosun
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of quercetin on nitric oxide synthase (NOS), nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) and apoptosis in renal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in rats. A total of 42 Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into three groups. The control, I/R and I/R+quercetin (I/R+Q) groups were treated with quercetin (50 mg/kg intraperitoneal) 1 h prior to the induction of ischemia. Tissue malondialdehyde (MDA) and glutathione (GSH) levels were determined by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)...
February 2012: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21853904/-influence-of-tendon-surgery-training-on-the-quality-of-the-suture
#14
Michał Poniński, Maciej Tokarski, Tomasz Andrzejewski, Piotr Czarnecki, Robert Spławski
Injuries of flexor tendons are one of the most common injuries that need surgical treatment at emergency room. Technique and quality of the surgery was performed are two factors of the utmost importance. The aim of the study was to determine influence of basic surgical training on the quality of suture. Research was divided into four surgical sessions which were held each once a week. Sutures were put by three medical students. Material that was used were deep flexor tendons dissected from fresh pig's legs...
September 2010: Chirurgia Narzadów Ruchu i Ortopedia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19537669/-spinal-cord-injury-and-chronic-pain
#15
Ksenija Miladinović
UNLABELLED: Prevalence of chronic pain which develops after spinal cord injury (SCI) varies, but in average is 65%. There are many questionnaires and scales for characterisation and classification of chronic SCI pain. One of them is LANSS (Leeds Assesment of Neuropathic Symptoms and Signs) scale for differentiation of neuropathic pain. Aims of this study were: (1) To assess prevalence of chronic pain in the sample of patients with SCl; (2) To classify the pain; (3) To analyse its correlations with demographic and neurological features as well as with activities of daily life (ADL); (4) To evaluate pain treatment...
2009: Medicinski Arhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19105441/-advances-in-ct-classification-and-outcomes-assesment-of-calcaneus-fractures
#16
Yu-sheng Dou, Yong-hua Liao, Jian-jun Shi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2008: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18595643/-which-factors-are-predictive-for-long-term-complaints-after-mild-traumatic-brain-injuries
#17
M Schütze, G Kundt, K Buchholz, J Piek
Each year 330 of every 100,000 inhabitants in Germany suffer a mild traumatic brain injury. About 25% suffer persisting post-concussion syndrome (headache, dizziness). Although many studies have been carried out to make a prognosis of the long-term outcome of these patients, there are still no relevant tests for a valuable statement. The aim of our study was to identify parameters to predict post-traumatic complaints. Therefore we conducted a prospective study of 74 patients who were admitted with a mild traumatic brain injury in our hospital from March 2004 till October 2006...
June 1, 2008: Versicherungsmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18595505/-radiotherapy-as-a-one-of-the-three-standard-methods-of-oncological-treatment-in-children-assesment-based-on-6-years-activity-of-the-first-department-of-paediatric-radiotherapy-in-poland-localized-in-the-paediatric-hospital
#18
Elzbieta Korab Chrzanowska, Joanna Bartoszewska
INTRODUCTION: In November 1999, the first Radiotherapy Department localized in pediatric center in Poland and aimed at treating paediatric patients, was opened in the University Children's Hospital of Cracow. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper was to evaluate activity of the Radiotherapy Department by measuring quality of delivered therapy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between November 1999 and November 2005, 305 patients, including 172 boys and 133 girls from 2 to 18-years-old, underwent irradiation in the Radiotherapy Department, University Children's Hospital of Cracow...
2007: Przegla̧d Lekarski
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18288272/high-mobility-group-box-1-protein-induction-by-mycobacterium-bovis-bcg
#19
Péter Hofner, György Seprényi, András Miczák, Krisztina Buzás, Zsófia Gyulai, Katalin F Medzihradszky, Ari Rouhiainen, Heikki Rauvala, Yvette Mándi
UNLABELLED: High mobility group box 1 protein (HMGB1), a nuclear protein, is a critical cytokine that mediates the response to infection, injury, and inflammation. The aim of our study was to elaborate a reliable in vitro model to investigate whether Mycobacterium bovis BCG is able to induce HMGB1 secretion from the monocytic U-937 cells. Western blot technique was applied for the detection of HMGB1 from supernatants of cells, following induction with Mycobacterium bovis BCG. Densitometric analysis revealed higher concentrations of HMGB1 in cell supernatants stimulated with BCG than in the supernatants of the control, nonstimulated cells...
2007: Mediators of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18078277/-reability-of-clinical-assesment-of-injury-of-intraarticular-structures-of-the-knee-joint-verified-by-arthroscopic-examination
#20
Jarosław Fabiś, Marcin Domzalski
The aim of this paper is an evaluation of specificity, sensitivity and accuracy of clinical examination in intraarticular disorders of the knee joint. Study was performed on 100 patients (31 female, 69 male) (age 15-61 years) treated by arthroscopy. Our study showed the high sensitivity and specificity in assessment of leasions of the medial meniscus and leasions of the anterior cruciate ligament. Leasions of the medial meniscus and of the anterior cruciate ligamnet one. Leasions of the medialis meniscus may be painless and may not be associated with trauma...
July 2007: Chirurgia Narzadów Ruchu i Ortopedia Polska
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