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Physical injury evaluation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668026/nicu-graduates-the-role-of-the-allied-health-team-in-follow-up
#1
Jane L Orton, Joy E Olsen, Katherine Ong, Rochelle Lester, Alicia J Spittle
Infants who graduate from the neonatal intensive care unit, including those infants born preterm and/or with brain injury, are at increased risk of long-term neurodevelopmental impairments. The developmental allied health team, consisting of physical therapy, occupational therapy, and speech pathology, is crucial in early evaluation of gross motor, fine motor, feeding, and language development. Surveillance of neurodevelopment in the first year of life is essential to ensure early detection of specific developmental delays and impairments, and to ensure timely referral for early intervention...
April 1, 2018: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667440/time-use-and-physical-activity-in-a-specialised-brain-injury-rehabilitation-unit-an-observational-study
#2
Leanne Hassett, Siobhan Wong, Emma Sheaves, Maysaa Daher, Andrew Grady, Cara Egan, Carol Seeto, Talia Hosking, Anne Moseley
OBJECTIVES: To determine what is the use of time and physical activity in people undertaking inpatient rehabilitation in a specialised brain injury unit. To determine participants' level of independence related to the use of time and physical activity. METHODS: Design: Cross-sectional observation study. PARTICIPANTS: Fourteen people [mean (SD) age 40 (15) years] with brain injuries undertaking inpatient rehabilitation. PROCEDURE: Participants were observed every 12 minutes over 5 days (Monday to Friday from 7:30 am until 7:30 pm) using a behaviour mapping tool...
April 18, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667429/quadriceps-function-knee-pain-and-self-reported-outcomes-in-patients-with-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#3
Adam S Lepley, Brian Pietrosimone, Marc L Cormier
CONTEXT:   Interactions among muscle strength, pain, and self-reported outcomes in patients with anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) are not well understood. Clarifying these interactions is of clinical importance because improving physical and psychological function is thought to optimize outcomes after ACLR. OBJECTIVE:   To examine the relationships among neuromuscular quadriceps function, pain, self-reported knee function, readiness to return to activity, and emotional response to injury both before and after ACLR...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667119/a-novel-neural-electrode-with-micro-motion-attenuation-capability-based-on-compliant-mechanisms-physical-design-concepts-and-evaluations
#4
Wenguang Zhang, Jiaqi Tang, Zhengwei Li, Yakun Ma
In order to solve the problem of the short lifespan of the neural electrode caused by micro motion, this study designed a novel neural electrode based on lumped compliance compliant mechanism to control different modes of micro-motion in a more effective way. According to the mathematical modeling of the novel neural electrode, the equivalent bending stiffness and equivalent tensile (compression) stiffness were calculated. The results of the finite element analysis based on the mathematical modeling revealed that the novel neural electrode showed excellent micro-motion-attenuation capability...
April 18, 2018: Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662741/predictive-factors-for-the-outcome-of-surgical-treatment-of-lumbar-spondylolysis-in-young-sporting-individuals
#5
Ujjwal K Debnath, B E Scammell, Brian J C Freeman, Jeffrey R McConnell
Study Design: Retrospective consecutive case series. Objectives: Only few sporting individuals with symptomatic lumbar pars injuries require surgical repair and it is often difficult to predict the outcome following surgery. The factors that predict the outcome after direct repair of lumbar pars defect was evaluated clinically and statistically. The preoperative background variables both subjective and objective as well as radiological evaluation were used in a multiple regression model to find the strong predictors of postoperative outcome as measured by VAS (visual analogue scores), ODI (Oswestry Disability Index) and SF-36 (Short Form)...
April 2018: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660952/objective-motor-assessment-for-personalized-rehabilitation-of-upper-extremity-in-brain-injury-patients
#6
Mailin Adriana Villán-Villán, Rodrigo Pérez-Rodríguez, Cristina Martín, Patricia Sánchez-González, Ignasi Soriano, Eloy Opisso, Dra M Elena Hernando, José María Tormos, Josep Medina, Enrique J Gómez
BACKGROUND: The increasing number of patients with acquired brain injury and the current subjectivity of the conventional upper extremity (UE) assessment tests require new objective assessment techniques. OBJECTIVE: This research proposes a novel objective motor assessment (OMA) methodology based on the Fugl-Meyer assessment (FMA). The goals are to automatically calculate the objective scores (OSs) of FMA-UE movements (as well as a global OS) and to interpret the estimated OSs...
April 7, 2018: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659299/low-1-year-return-to-sport-rate-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-regardless-of-patient-and-surgical-factors-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-272-patients
#7
Eric Hamrin Senorski, Eleonor Svantesson, Susanne Beischer, Christoffer Thomeé, Roland Thomeé, Jón Karlsson, Kristian Samuelsson
BACKGROUND: There is insufficient knowledge about the way that concomitant injuries affect the short-term likelihood of a return to a knee-strenuous sport after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. Hypotheses/Purpose: The purpose was to study whether patient characteristics, concomitant injuries, and graft choice at primary ACL reconstruction can predict return to sport (RTS) 1 year after surgery. The hypotheses were that younger age at the time of ACL reconstruction would positively affect RTS, while the presence of concomitant injuries would negatively affect RTS 1 year after surgery...
April 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658519/biomechanical-evaluation-of-tendon-connection-with-novel-suture-techniques
#8
Zhe Chen, Jun Wang, Jia-Sen Wei, Zhao-Yang Hou, Min Li, Qi-Xin Chen
PURPOSE: Achilles tendon rupture is a severe injury with poor curative effect due to its anatomical characteristic and mechanical peculiarity. Internal fixation of limited loop (IFLL) with steel-wire has been applied on patients with tendon rupture to fix the broken ends before physical rehabilitation. The purpose of this study is to investigate the biomechanical property and radiological characteristic of such suture technique for the repairment of tendon rupture. METHODS: Tendons of pigs' hint feet were separated for the biomechanical study...
2018: Acta of Bioengineering and Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655946/big-data-handling-mechanisms-in-the-healthcare-applications-a-comprehensive-and-systematic-literature-review
#9
REVIEW
Asma Pashazadeh, Nima Jafari Navimipour
Healthcare provides many services such as diagnosing, treatment, prevention of diseases, illnesses, injuries, and other physical and mental disorders. Large-scale distributed data processing applications in healthcare as a basic concept operates on large amounts of data. Therefore, big data application functions are the main part of healthcare operations, but there was not any comprehensive and systematic survey about studying and evaluating the important techniques in this field. Therefore, this paper aims at providing the comprehensive, detailed, and systematic study of the state-of-the-art mechanisms in the big data related to healthcare applications in five categories, including machine learning, cloud-based, heuristic-based, agent-based, and hybrid mechanisms...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642914/development-of-the-italian-version-of-the-high-activity-arthroplasty-score-haas-i-following-hip-and-knee-total-arthroplasty-cross-cultural-adaptation-reliability-validity-and-sensitivity-to-change
#10
Marco Monticone, Antonio Capone, Luca Frigau, Giuseppe Marongiu, Paola Abelli, Francesco Mola, Nicola Maffulli, Calogero Foti
BACKGROUND: The number of physically active individuals who develop knee and hip arthritis and who undergo arthroplasties of these joints ie ever increasing. It has become necessary to develop evaluation scales which address the specific issues raised by such individuals. The High Activity Arthroplasty Score is one such scales, originally developed in English. METHODS: The HAAS-I was developed by means of forward-backward translation, a final review by an expert committee and a test of the pre-final version to establish its correspondence with the original English version...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624450/national-athletic-trainers-association-position-statement-evaluation-management-and-outcomes-of-and-return-to-play-criteria-for-overhead-athletes-with-superior-labral-anterior-posterior-injuries
#11
Lori A Michener, Jeffrey S Abrams, Kellie C Huxel Bliven, Sue Falsone, Kevin G Laudner, Edward G McFarland, James E Tibone, Charles A Thigpen, Timothy L Uhl
OBJECTIVE:   To present recommendations for the diagnosis, management, outcomes, and return to play of athletes with superior labral anterior-posterior (SLAP) injuries. BACKGROUND:   In overhead athletes, SLAP tears are common as either acute or chronic injuries. The clinical guidelines presented here were developed based on a systematic review of the current evidence and the consensus of the writing panel. Clinicians can use these guidelines to inform decision making regarding the diagnosis, acute and long-term conservative and surgical treatment, and expected outcomes of and return-to-play guidelines for athletes with SLAP injuries...
March 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621810/-secondary-full-title-effects-of-high-intensity-interval-training-in-plain-and-uphill-regarding-physical-performance
#12
Natalie Marterer, Verena Menz, Martin Burtscher
BACKGROUND:  As the number of HIITs is increasing in competitive and non-competitive sports, the risk of injuries and overload is increasing. There are no scientific data to support specific recommendations in regard to intensity, duration, number of intervals and gradient for HIIT that result in improved muscular parameters in athletes. Therefore the aim of this study was to compare HIIT in plain and uphill exercise, with respect to exercise tolerance and improvements in performance (VO2max and 800 m running time in the plain and uphill)...
April 5, 2018: Sportverletzung Sportschaden: Organ der Gesellschaft Für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610972/combined-reconstruction-of-the-anterolateral-ligament-in-chronic-acl-injuries-leads-to-better-clinical-outcomes-than-isolated-acl-reconstruction
#13
Camilo Partezani Helito, Danilo Bordini Camargo, Marcel Faraco Sobrado, Marcelo Batista Bonadio, Pedro Nogueira Giglio, José Ricardo Pécora, Gilberto Luis Camanho, Marco Kawamura Demange
PURPOSE: To evaluate the results of combined anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and anterolateral ligament (ALL) reconstruction in patients with chronic ACL injury. It was hypothesized that patients who underwent combined ACL and ALL reconstruction would exhibit less residual laxity and better clinical outcomes. METHODS: Two groups of patients were evaluated and compared retrospectively. Both groups consisted only of patients with chronic (more than 12 months) ACL injuries...
April 2, 2018: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608767/descriptive-analysis-of-a-baseline-concussion-battery-among-u-s-service-academy-members-results-from-the-concussion-assessment-research-and-education-care-consortium
#14
Kathryn L O'Connor, C Dain Allred, Kenneth L Cameron, Darren E Campbell, Christopher J D'Lauro, Megan N Houston, Brian R Johnson, Tim F Kelly, Gerald McGinty, Patrick G O'Donnell, Karen Y Peck, Steven J Svoboda, Paul Pasquina, Thomas McAllister, Michael McCrea, Steven P Broglio
Introduction: The prevalence and possible long-term consequences of concussion remain an increasing concern to the U.S. military, particularly as it pertains to maintaining a medically ready force. Baseline testing is being used both in the civilian and military domains to assess concussion injury and recovery. Accurate interpretation of these baseline assessments requires one to consider other influencing factors not related to concussion. To date, there is limited understanding, especially within the military, of what factors influence normative test performance...
March 28, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607475/idiopathic-cerebrospinal-fluid-rhinorrhoea-an-uncommon-diagnosis-a-case-report-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#15
J Ediale, C O Onyema, K U Tobi
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhoea is often seen among head injured patients from road traffic crashes or physical assault, and sometimes it is a complication of nasal surgical procedures. Intracranial tumours may also result in CSF leakage. Blood stained rhinorrhoea often occur at the time of initial insult or injury, while CSF rhinorrhea may be a delayed manifestation. However, idiopathic CSF rhinorrhoea is uncommon, and it is regarded as a diagnosis of exclusion. In this communication, we report a 54-year old woman who developed CSF rhinorrhoea with no prior history of head trauma, physical assault, neurosurgical or nasal surgery...
January 2018: West African Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606330/characterization-of-disability-following-traumatic-through-knee-and-transfemoral-amputations
#16
David J Tennent, Elizabeth M Polfer, Nicole M Sgromolo, Chad A Krueger, Benjamin K Potter
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study is to characterize through knee and transfemoral amputations following severe traumatic injuries. METHODS: A retrospective review of all transfemoral and through knee amputations sustained by United States military service members from 1 October 2001 to 30 July 2011 was conducted. Data from the Department of Defense Trauma Registry, the Armed Forces Health Longitudinal Technology Application, inpatient medical records and the Physical Evaluation Board Liaison Offices were queried in order to obtain characteristics related to injury sustained, demographics, treatment, and disability/mental health outcome data...
March 27, 2018: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604524/prevalence-and-clinical-correlates-of-intermittent-explosive-disorder-in-turkish-psychiatric-outpatients
#17
Volkan Gelegen, Lut Tamam
OBJECTIVE: Intermittent explosive disorder (IED) is defined as the failure to resist aggressive impulses resulting in repeated acts of verbal and/or physical aggression. Although it is frequently encountered in clinical psychiatric practice, there is a paucity of data concerning IED in the scientific literature both internationally and in Turkey. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of IED and associated sociodemographic and clinical features in a clinical setting. METHODS: A total of 406 patients who were referred to our psychiatry outpatient clinic for the first time in a six-month period were included in the study...
March 18, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602720/musculoskeletal-training-injury-prevention-in-the-u-s-army-evolution-of-the-science-and-the-public-health-approach
#18
Bruce H Jones, Veronique D Hauschild, Michelle Canham-Chervak
Injuries cause more morbidity among soldiers in the U.S. Army than any other health condition. Over two-thirds of U.S. soldiers' injuries occur gradually from cumulative micro-traumatic damage to the musculoskeletal system as a result of physical training activities. Paradoxically, the very physical training activities required to improve soldier performance also result in injury. Determining the amounts and types of physical training that maximize performance while minimizing injuries requires scientific evidence...
March 3, 2018: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599858/the-effects-of-cryotherapy-on-knee-joint-position-sense-and-force-production-sense-in-healthy-individuals
#19
Mariusz P Furmanek, Kajetan J Słomka, Andrzej Sobiesiak, Marian Rzepko, Grzegorz Juras
The proprioceptive information received from mechanoreceptors is potentially responsible for controlling the joint position and force differentiation. However, it is unknown whether cryotherapy influences this complex mechanism. Previously reported results are not universally conclusive and sometimes even contradictory. The main objective of this study was to investigate the impact of local cryotherapy on knee joint position sense (JPS) and force production sense (FPS). The study group consisted of 55 healthy participants (age: 21 ± 2 years, body height: 171...
March 2018: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599846/reference-values-for-fatigued-versus-non-fatigued-limb-symmetry-index-measured-by-a-newly-designed-single-leg-hop-test-battery-in-healthy-subjects-a-pilot-study
#20
Iris Leister, Georg Mattiassich, Harald Kindermann, Reinhold Ortmaier, Jürgen Barthofer, Imre Vasvary, Klaus Katzensteiner, Christine Stelzhammer, Stefan Tino Kulnik
Purpose: There is sparse evidence for return to sport criteria after knee injury. Functional performance deficits, particularly in fatigued muscular condition, should be verified prior to the attempt to return to high-risk pivoting sports. The purpose of this study was to generate reference values for the limb symmetry index (LSI) of healthy subjects in fatigued and non-fatigued muscular condition in a newly designed test battery. Methods: Forty-two healthy subjects [22 females, 20 males; mean (SD) age 30...
2018: Sport Sciences for Health
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