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Physical injury evaluation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219078/systematic-review-of-the-relationships-between-sleep-duration-and-health-indicators-in-the-early-years-0-4%C3%A2-years
#1
Jean-Philippe Chaput, Casey E Gray, Veronica J Poitras, Valerie Carson, Reut Gruber, Catherine S Birken, Joanna E MacLean, Salomé Aubert, Margaret Sampson, Mark S Tremblay
BACKGROUND: The objective of this systematic review was to examine for the first time the associations between sleep duration and a broad range of health indicators in children aged 0 to 4 years. METHODS: Electronic databases were searched with no limits on date or study design. Included studies (published in English or French) were peer-reviewed and met the a priori determined population (apparently healthy children aged 1 month to 4.99 years), intervention/exposure/comparator (various sleep durations), and outcome criteria (adiposity, emotional regulation, cognitive development, motor development, growth, cardiometabolic health, sedentary behaviour, physical activity, quality of life/well-being, and risks/injuries)...
November 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216768/a-mysterious-case-of-complex-regional-pain-syndrome-in-a-9-year-old-girl
#2
Angela Burian, Othmar Schuhfried, Richard Crevenna
PURPOSE: To describe the clinical manifestation and the treatment of complex regional pain syndrome type II in childhood. METHODS: Using information on the symptoms, diagnosis, rehabilitation and outcome of a young patient with complex regional pain syndrome type II. RESULTS: A 9-year -old girl had severe pain in the region of the left foot, signs of a common fibular nerve entrapment, hyperalgesia not limited to the distribution of the injured nerve, weakness and temperature asymmetry unknown origin...
December 7, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216696/-undetected-traumatic-posterior-glenohumeral-dislocation
#3
J A Rosas-Medina
INTRODUCTION: Glenohumeral dislocation (GHD) is frequent, but traumatic posterior glenohumeral dislocation (TPGHD) is rare, with an incidence of 1-4% of all GHD. The diagnosis is a challenge: sometimes, it can be omitted due to incorrect diagnosis, absence of consideration in the differential diagnosis, suboptimal radiographic evaluation and an absence of characteristic signs and symptoms; missed diagnosis reaches 60-79% and the diagnosis can delay from 24 hours to a year. OBJECTIVE: To transmit previous experiences to provide support for better diagnosing TPGHD, favoring appropriate attention...
July 2017: Acta Ortopédica Mexicana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214619/real-time-interrater-reliability-of-a-novel-musculoskeletal-readiness-screening-tool
#4
Mark D Thelen, Shane L Koppenhaver, Shanee E Allen, Michael U Bolduc, Riley K Quan, Anne E Sidwell
Military service members receive regular screenings for a variety of health conditions, but a field-expedient and military-specific screening tool that identifies an individual's risk for injury has not yet been identified. The purpose of this study is to describe the conduct of a novel musculoskeletal readiness screening tool (MRST) and evaluate the real-time interrater reliability of the MRST when scored by raters with differing levels of medical experience. MATERIALS/METHODS: This study included a convenience sample of 40 active duty military participants (30 male, 10 female, mean age 29...
October 2017: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209517/clinical-course-and-recommendations-for-patients-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury-and-subsequent-reconstruction-a-narrative-review
#5
Alli Gokeler, Bart Dingenen, Caroline Mouton, Romain Seil
Almost all athletes who have suffered an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury expect a full return to sports at the same pre-injury level after ACL reconstruction (ACLR). Detailed patient information on the reasonable outcomes of the surgery may be essential to improve patient satisfaction.Pre-operative rehabilitation before ACLR should be considered as an addition to the standard of care to maximise functional outcomes after ACLR.We propose an optimised criterion-based rehabilitation programme within a biopsychosocial framework...
October 2017: EFORT Open Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206195/psychological-distress-and-zika-dengue-and-chikungunya-symptoms-following-the-2016-earthquake-in-bah%C3%A3-a-de-car%C3%A3-quez-ecuador
#6
Anna M Stewart-Ibarra, Anita Hargrave, Avriel Diaz, Aileen Kenneson, David Madden, Moory M Romero, Juan Pablo Molina, David Macias Saltos
On 16 April 2016, a 7.8 magnitude earthquake struck coastal Ecuador, resulting in significant mortality and morbidity, damages to infrastructure, and psychological trauma. This event coincided with the first outbreak of Zika virus (ZIKV) and co-circulation with dengue virus (DENV) and chikungunya virus (CHIKV). We tested whether the degree of psychological distress was associated with the presence of suspected DENV, CHIKV, ZIKV (DCZ) infections three months after the earthquake. In July 2016, 601 household members from four communities in Bahía de Caráquez, Manabí Province, Ecuador, were surveyed in a post-disaster health evaluation...
December 5, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201925/a-comparison-of-nonoperative-and-operative-treatment-of-complete-proximal-hamstring-ruptures
#7
Braidy C Shambaugh, Joshua R Olsen, Edward Lacerte, Ethan Kellum, Suzanne L Miller
Background: The early repair of acute proximal hamstring ruptures provides better clinical results than delayed repair. However, it is unclear how nonoperative treatment compares with the operative treatment of these injuries. Purpose: To compare the clinical results of the nonoperative and operative treatment of acute proximal hamstring ruptures. Study Design: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3. Methods: A total of 25 patients with complete, retracted proximal hamstring ruptures presenting to 1 institution were retrospectively reviewed...
November 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198374/surgically-treated-hoffa-fractures-with-poor-long-term-functional-results
#8
Tolga Onay, Deniz Gülabi, İlker Çolak, Güven Bulut, Seyit Ali Gümüştaş, Gültekin Sıtkı Çeçen
INTRODUCTION: Hoffa fractures are rare injuries and usually involve the lateral condyle. There are few published studies of large series of isolated coronal plane fractures of the femoral condyle. The aim of the study to determine the long-term functional outcomes and complications in surgically treated Hoffa fractures. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective review was made of 13 consecutive patients who were treated surgically for an isolated coronal plane fracture of the distal femur posterior condyle...
November 24, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196880/role-of-intestinal-hsp70-in-barrier-maintenance-contribution-of-milk-to-the-induction-of-hsp70-2
#9
Rebecca M Rentea, Yuee Guo, Xiaorong Zhu, Mark W Musch, Eugene B Chang, David M Gourlay, Jennifer L Liedel
BACKGROUND: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a gastrointestinal disease of complex etiology resulting in devastating systemic inflammation and often death in premature newborns. We previously demonstrated that formula feeding inhibits ileal expression of heat shock protein-70 (Hsp70), a critical stress protein within the intestine. Barrier function for the premature intestine is critical. We sought to determine whether reduced Hsp70 protein expression increases neonatal intestinal permeability...
December 1, 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196062/childhood-maltreatment-and-non-suicidal-self-injury-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Richard T Liu, Katie M Scopelliti, Sarah K Pittman, Alejandra S Zamora
BACKGROUND: Non-suicidal self-injury is being increasingly recognised as a prominent public health concern. Identification of early and modifiable risk factors is necessary to advance the screening and intervention efforts, particularly early detection of at-risk individuals. We aimed to examine childhood maltreatment, including its specific subtypes, in relation to non-suicidal self-injury. METHODS: We did a comprehensive meta-analysis of childhood maltreatment (overall, sexual abuse, physical abuse and neglect, and emotional abuse and neglect) in association with non-suicidal self-injury...
November 28, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195031/surgical-correction-of-peyronie-s-disease-via-tunica-albuginea-plication-long-term-follow-up
#11
M Seveso, S Melegari, O De Francesco, A Macchi, J Romero Otero, G Taverna, G Bozzini
Peyronie's disease (PD) is an acquired connective tissue disorder of the tunica albuginea with fibrosis and inflammation that lead to palpable plaques formation, penile curvature, and pain during erection. Patients report negative effects on main domains such as physical appearance and self-image, sexual function, and performance. The aim of this study was to evaluate plication of the albuginea outcomes after a long-term follow-up period. Between 1998 and 2006, a total of 204 patients with PD underwent surgical correction with albuginea plication technique...
December 1, 2017: Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194703/development-and-psychometric-evaluation-of-a-rapid-intimate-partner-violence-perpetration-screening-tool
#12
Cory A Crane, Samara L Rice, Robert C Schlauch
Current methods of identifying intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration rely upon lengthy screening instruments, partner injury, and legal involvement. There exist no viable, brief screening tools to facilitate the rapid and early identification of IPV perpetration. The development of a brief IPV screening tool would reduce participant burden and compensation in research as well as aid in self-identification and appropriate consultation for treatment. Three samples were recruited and administered an IPV assessment measure...
November 30, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194177/efficacy-of-a-micro-prompting-technology-in-reducing-support-needed-by-people-with-severe-acquired-brain-injury-in-activities-of-daily-living-a-randomized-control-trial
#13
Brian OʼNeill, Catherine Best, Lauren OʼNeill, Sara D S Ramos, Alex Gillespie
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of an automated interactive prompting technology in supporting the morning routine of persons with acquired brain injury. The morning routine included maintaining personal hygiene and dressing. SETTING: An inpatient neurorehabilitation hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Persons with acquired brain injury who required prompting when following their morning routine (n = 24), but were not limited by physical disability or dysphasia, took part in the study...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194055/hinged-lids-and-fatal-head-entrapment-in-early-childhood
#14
Roger W Byard, Allan D Cala
Young children are at risk of head entrapment because they often do not understand potentially dangerous situations or have the intellectual or physical capabilities to self-extricate. Two cases of head entrapment due to hinged lids are presented to demonstrate another rare lethal situation specific to the very young. Case 1 was a 14-month-old boy found suspended by his neck in a semikneeling position under a toilet seat. A horizontal linear bruise measuring 0.6 × 20 mm was present on the right side of the neck with petechial hemorrhages of the forehead...
December 1, 2017: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193943/-cost-effectiveness-of-local-steroid-combined-with-therapeutic-exercise-in-subacromial-impingement-syndrome
#15
Julio Ramírez-Ortiz, José Dolores Mendoza-Eufracio, María Ricarda García-Viveros, Félix Guillermo Márquez-Celedonio
BACKGROUND: The most common cause of injury is shoulder impingement syndrome. Management includes physical therapy, analgesics, steroids and surgery. The aim of the study was to determine the cost-effectiveness of using steroids combined with therapeutic exercise at home in the chronic impingement syndrome. METHODS: Clinical trial randomized in 30 people with subacromial impingement syndrome underwent two treatments: steroid and at home rehabilitation booklet evaluated at the first and fourth week through UCLA Shoulder rating scale...
September 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191746/proteomics-analysis-to-understand-the-aba-stimulation-of-wound-suberization-in-kiwifruit
#16
Xueyuan Han, Wenjing Lu, Xiaopeng Wei, Li Li, Linchun Mao, Yuying Zhao
Quick suberin-based healing after wounding played a protective role for plant to prevent further damage. In this study, the stimulative effect of exogenous abscisic acid (ABA) on wound suberization in postharvest kiwifruit was evaluated through suberin staining with toluidine blue O as well as the determination of suberin phenolics and aliphatics in wound tissue. Furthermore, to reveal the regulatory involvement of ABA in wound suberization, comparative quantitative proteomics and transcriptomics analyses based on iTRAQ and qRT-PCR technique were performed...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191407/occupational-outcomes-following-combat-related-gunshot-injury-cohort-study
#17
Matthew D Laughlin, Philip J Belmont, Paul J Lanier, Julia O Bader, Brian R Waterman, Andrew J Schoenfeld
BACKGROUND: The long-term impact of gun violence on physical function and occupational disability remains poorly explored. We sought to examine the effect of combat-related gunshot injury on work capacity within a cohort of military servicemembers and identify clinical characteristics that influence the capacity to return to work. METHODS: A query was performed to identify all servicemembers injured by gunshot in the years 2005-2009. These soldiers were then followed for a period up to the end of 2014 in order to identify those separated from service due to an inability to perform military duties as a result of their injury...
November 27, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191342/cutaneous-sign-of-abuse-kids-are-not-just-little-people
#18
Sphoorthi Jinna, Nina Livingston, Rebecca Moles
Skin injury is the most common form of child physical abuse. Although the pattern and visual appearance of skin injury and the treatment needed for the injury is similar in children and adults, characteristics of infant and childhood skin may complicate the diagnosis of injury. A good understanding of normal developmental presentation of accidental injury from infancy to adulthood, locations for injury that should trigger consideration of abuse, and cutaneous mimics of abuse across the lifespan are critical to the identification of suspected abuse...
November 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189628/screening-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-civilians-with-mangled-hand-injury-a-practice-enhancement-approach
#19
Ruth A Cook, Marie-Annette Brown, Christopher Allan, Karen Schepp, Joachim G Voss
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a symptom cluster of intrusion, avoidance, negative alteration in cognition, and alteration in arousal and reactivity following trauma. PTSD occurs frequently after a physical trauma such as a severe hand injury. It is often not recognized and consequently untreated. Previous research has shown that 10%-40% of civilian trauma survivors experience PTSD in the first 12 months after injury. There is great urgency to identify patients in the early stage of recovery from trauma, as PTSD becomes more difficult to treat in its chronic form...
November 2017: Orthopaedic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185018/evaluation-of-resources-necessary-for-provision-of-trauma-care-in-botswana-an-initiative-for-a-local-system
#20
Michael B Mwandri, Timothy C Hardcastle
BACKGROUND: Developing countries face the highest incidence of trauma, and on the other hand, they do not have resources for mitigating the scourge of these injuries. The World Health Organization through the Essential Trauma Care (ETC) project provides recommendations for improving management of the injured and building up of systems that are effective in low-middle-income countries (LMICs). This study uses ETC project recommendations and other trauma-care guidelines to evaluate the current status of the resources and organizational structures necessary for optimal trauma care in Botswana; an African country with relatively good health facilities network, subsidized public hospital care and a functioning Motor Vehicle Accident fund covering road traffic collision victims...
November 28, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
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