keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

titanium implant

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920972/-a-phd-completed-prevention-and-treatment-of-peri-implant-diseases-cleaning-of-titanium-dental-implant-surfaces
#1
A Louropoulou
The effect of various instruments on titanium dental implant surfaces was evaluated. Furthermore, a clinical guideline was developed regarding the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of peri-implant diseases. Air abrasive devices appear to be the most suitable meachnical instruments to remove biofilm from implant surfaces. From the available chemotherapeutica, (citric)acid and hydrogen peroxide seem to have the best potential. Regular controls and meticulous maintenance from both the patients and dental care professionals are mandatory to avoid problems...
September 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919925/in-vitro-evaluation-of-polylactic-acid-pla-manufactured-by-fused-deposition-modeling
#2
Matthias C Wurm, Tobias Möst, Bastian Bergauer, Dominik Rietzel, Friedrich Wilhelm Neukam, Sandra C Cifuentes, Cornelius von Wilmowsky
BACKGROUND: With additive manufacturing (AM) individual and biocompatible implants can be generated by using suitable materials. The aim of this study was to investigate the biological effects of polylactic acid (PLA) manufactured by Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM) on osteoblasts in vitro according to European Norm / International Organization for Standardization 10,993-5. METHOD: Human osteoblasts (hFOB 1.19) were seeded onto PLA samples produced by FDM and investigated for cell viability by fluorescence staining after 24 h...
2017: Journal of Biological Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919512/strontium-and-magnesium-ions-released-from-bioactive-titanium-metal-promote-early-bone-bonding-in-a-rabbit-implant-model
#3
Yaichiro Okuzu, Shunsuke Fujibayashi, Seiji Yamaguchi, Koji Yamamoto, Takayoshi Shimizu, Takashi Sono, Koji Goto, Bungo Otsuki, Tomiharu Matsushita, Tadashi Kokubo, Shuichi Matsuda
We have previously developed the "alkali and heat treatment" method to confer bioactivity (bone-bonding ability) to titanium metal (Ti). As strontium (Sr) and magnesium (Mg) ions reportedly promote osteoblastic cell proliferation and differentiation and accelerate bone formation, we improved this method to induce the release of Sr (Sr-Ti) or Mg (Mg-Ti) ions from Ti in a previous study. Here, we evaluated the bioactivity of these novel surface treatments, Sr-Ti and Mg-Ti. In vitro evaluation of cell viability, expression of integrin β1, β catenin, and cyclin D1, osteogenic gene expression, alkaline phosphatase activity, and extracellular mineralization using MC3T3-E1 cells revealed that Sr-Ti and Mg-Ti enhanced proliferation and osteogenic differentiation...
September 14, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919510/magnesium-mg-based-interference-screws-developed-for-promoting-tendon-graft-incorporation-in-bone-tunnel-in-rabbits
#4
Jiali Wang, Jiankun Xu, Bin Song, Dick Hokiu Chow, Patrick Shu-Hang Yung, Ling Qin
How to enhance tendon graft incorporation into bone tunnels for achieving satisfactory healing outcomes in patients with anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) is one of the most challenging clinical problems in orthopaedic sports medicine. Several studies have recently reported the beneficial effects of Mg implants in bone fracture healing, indicating the use potential of Mg devices in promoting the tendon graft osteointegration. Here, we developed an innovative Mg-based interference screws for fixation of the tendon graft in rabbits underwent ACLR and investigated the biological role of Mg-based implants in the graft healing...
September 14, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918187/surface-modification-of-titanium-substrates-for-enhanced-osteogenetic-and-antibacterial-properties
#5
Peng Liu, Yansha Hao, Yongchun Zhao, Zhang Yuan, Yao Ding, Kaiyong Cai
The insufficient osseointegration and bacterial infection of titanium and its alloys remain the key challenges in their clinic applications, which may result in failure implantation. To improve osteogenetic and antibacterial properties, TiO2 nanotube arrays were fabricated on titanium substrates for loading of antibacterial drug. Then, TiO2 nanotube arrays were covered with chitosan/sodium alginate multilayer films. The successful construction of this system was verified via scanning electron microscopy and contact angle measurement...
August 26, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916325/what-is-the-incidence-of-implant-malpositioning-and-revision-surgery-after-orbital-repair
#6
Fabian Schlittler, Andre Schmidli, Franca Wagner, Chantal Michel, Matthias Mottini, Olivier Lieger
PURPOSE: Postoperative radiographic examinations are the gold standard in maxillofacial surgery, except in orbital reconstruction. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to estimate the frequency of implant malposition and revision operation after orbital repair. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective cohort study was conducted in a level I trauma center at the University Hospital in Bern, Switzerland. To assess the incidence of malpositioning, a qualitative analysis of postoperative computed tomography scans, as well as comparative volumetric measurements of the orbits, was conducted...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915955/implications-of-bisphosphonate-calcium-ion-depletion-interfering-with-desmosome-epithelial-seal-in-osseointegrated-implants-and-pressure-ulcers
#7
Louis Z G Touyz, Kelvin I Afrashtehfar
Osteoporosis (OP) is a global bone disease prevalent in aging in humans, especially in older women. Bisphosphonates (BPs) are commonly used as therapy for OP as it influences hard and soft tissues calcium metabolism. Mucosal and dermal ulceration with exposure of underlying bone arises from incomplete epithelial recovery due to reduced desmosome formation deriving from lack of available calcium. Pathological situations such as bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw have been described. This hypothesis states other situations which demand intact functional desmosomes such as healing skin over chronic pressure points leading to pressure ulcers (as well-known as bedsores, pressure sores, pressure injuries, decubitus ulcers), and hemidesmosomes such as epithelial seals in contact with titanium surfaces will have a higher prevalence of breakdown among patients being treated with BPs...
September 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915498/tantalum-coated-pedicle-screws-enhance-implant-integration
#8
Liang-Yu Shi, An Wang, Fa-Zhi Zang, Jian-Xi Wang, Xian-Wei Pan, Hua-Jiang Chen
Because titanium alloy (Ti) has the natural advantage of a low elastic modulus, it has become the most commonly used material for the manufacturing of pedicle screws. However, its poor shear strength and osteogenic ability are undesirable properties. The superior osteoinductivity demonstrated by tantalum (Ta) in oral and maxillofacial surgery and joint surgery leads us to assume that the tantalum-coated pedicle screws may have better osteogenic properties and bone anchoring strength. To verify this hypothesis, MC3T3-E1 cells and human mesenchymal stem cells (hBMSCs) were seeded on the surface of Ta and Ti disks to compare the effects of two different metals on cell adhesion, proliferation, and differentiation...
September 7, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914836/-preclinical-tests-of-additive-materials-for-personified-endoprostheses-of-hand-joints
#9
G P Kotelnikov, A V Kolsanov, L T Volova, Yu V Ponomareva, A N Nikolayenko, S A Prikhodko, N V Popov, A E Shcherbovskikh
AIM: To evaluate the biocompatibility of additive materials for personified endoprostheses of hand joints in vivo. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We tested a material based on titanium that was implanted into muscles and bone tissue in experiment on rabbits. Follow-up was 30 and 90 days. RESULTS: Implantation into muscle tissue is accompanied by reaction against foreign body followed by fibrosis without concomitant inflammation. Induction of osteogenesis and trabecular structures remodeling were detected after implantation into bone tissue...
2017: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914397/influence-of-acid-treatment-on-surface-properties-and-in-vivo-performance-of-ti6al4v-alloy-for-biomedical-applications
#10
Daniel J Fernandes, Ruy G Marques, Carlos N Elias
The purpose of this work was to investigate the influence of acid treatment on the surface properties and in vivo performance of titanium grade 5 (Ti6Al4V) alloy. Mini-implants with surface treatment were inserted into New Zealand rabbit tibia for 1, 4 and 8 weeks. SEM analysis showed intercommunicated micropores in acid treated samples. AFM showed micron and sub-micron roughness. The thickness of the titanium oxide layer increased with surface treatment, with a significant reduction of Al and V concentration...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906508/a-prospective-case-control-clinical-study-of-titanium-zirconium-alloy-implants-with-a-hydrophilic-surface-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#11
José Cabrera-Domínguez, Lizett Castellanos-Cosano, Daniel Torres-Lagares, Guillermo Machuca-Portillo
PURPOSE: To evaluate prospectively the behavior of narrow-diameter (3.3-mm) titanium-zirconium alloy implants with a hydrophilic surface (Straumann Roxolid SLActive) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in single-unit restorations, compared with a healthy control group (assessed using the glycosylated hemoglobin HbA1c test). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The patients evaluated in this study required single-unit implant treatment; 15 patients had type 2 diabetes mellitus, and 14 patients were healthy (control group [CG])...
September 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906506/stability-of-grafted-implant-placement-sites-after-sinus-floor-elevation-using-a-layering-technique-10-year-clinical-and-radiographic-results
#12
Fouad Khoury, Pierre Keller, Philip L Keeve
PURPOSE: To evaluate long-term survival rates and radiographic stability of sinus floor elevations carried out using a two-layer grafting technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Records were analyzed for patients treated with sinus floor elevations using a modified technique. Phycogenic hydroxyapatite (Algipore, Dentsply Sirona Implants) and autogenous bone particles harvested from intraoral sites were grafted in two distinct layers after elevation of the sinus mucosae...
September 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906501/impact-of-cleaning-procedures-on-adhesion-of-living-cells-to-three-abutment-materials
#13
Christian Mehl, Matthias Kern, Anna Zimmermann, Sönke Harder, Steven Huth, Christine Selhuber-Unkel
PURPOSE: To test the adhesion properties of live gingival fibroblasts to three different implant abutment materials after five different cleaning procedures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Highly polished discs of lithium disilicate (LS), zirconium dioxide (Zr), and titanium alloy (Ti) were fabricated. The specimens were cleaned by one of five different methods: steam (S), argon plasma (AP), ultrasound and disinfection (UD), ultrasound and sterilization in an autoclave (UA), or photofunctionalization with high-intensity ultraviolet light (PF)...
September 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899562/the-design-production-and-clinical-application-of-3d-patient-specific-implants-with-drilling-guides-for-acetabular-surgery
#14
B J Merema, J Kraeima, K Ten Duis, K W Wendt, R Warta, E Vos, R H Schepers, M J H Witjes, F F A IJpma
An innovative procedure for the development of 3D patient-specific implants with drilling guides for acetabular fracture surgery is presented. By using CT data and 3D surgical planning software, a virtual model of the fractured pelvis was created. During this process the fracture was virtually reduced. Based on the reduced fracture model, patient-specific titanium plates including polyamide drilling guides were designed, 3D printed and milled for intra-operative use. One of the advantages of this procedure is that the personalised plates could be tailored to both the shape of the pelvis and the type of fracture...
August 30, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898725/maximum-insertion-torque-of-a-novel-implant-abutment-interface-design-for-peek-dental-implants
#15
Andreas Dominik Schwitalla, Tycho Zimmermann, Tobias Spintig, Mohamed Abou-Emara, Justus Lackmann, Wolf-Dieter Müller, Alireza Houshmand
Frequent reports attest to the various advantages of tapered implant/abutment interfaces (IAIs) compared to other types of interfaces. For this reason, a conical IAI was designed as part of the development of a PEEK (polyetheretherketone)-based dental implant. This IAI is equipped with an apically displaced anti-rotation lock with minimal space requirements in the form of an internal spline. The objective of this study was the determination of the average insertion torque (IT) at failure of this design, so as to determine its suitability for immediate loading, which requires a minimum IT of 32Ncm...
September 5, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895967/scavenging-activity-of-magn%C3%A3-li-phases-as-a-function-of-ti-4-ti-3-ratios
#16
M Canillas, E Chinarro, A P Pêgo, B Moreno
TiO2 is able to scavenge reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (ROS and RNS) in the absence of light. The scavenging mechanism has been related to the chemistry of defects (oxygen vacancy reduced oxidation states of Ti) but it is still unknown. This study describes the ROS scavenging activity of different titanium oxide phases and relates their scavenging activities with the Ti(4+)/Ti(3+) molar ratio as well as the band gap value. The Ti5O9 phase, with a mixture of both oxidation states, presented a substantially higher percentage of 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydracyl radicals (DPPH˙) eliminated per m(2) of specific surface area in comparison to phases with predominant oxidation states Ti(4+) or Ti(3+) such as TiO2 and Ti2O3, respectively...
September 12, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894362/erratum-gentamicin-coating-of-nanotubular-anodized-titanium-implant-reduces-implant-related-osteomyelitis-and-enhances-bone-biocompatibility-in-rabbits-corrigendum
#17
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article on p. 5461 in vol. 12, PMID: 28814863.].
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892895/effectivity-of-titanium-oxide-based-nano-particles-on-e-coli-from-clinical-samples
#18
Hima Bindu Mantravadi
INTRODUCTION: Nanoparticles composed of Titanium Oxide (TiO2) are non toxic, durable, stable and have a high refractive index with a lot of scope in biomedical applications. Due to their antibacterial effects, they can be applied to inanimate objects like glass, metal and even biomedical implants. AIM: This study was conducted to assess the antibacterial effect of Titanium Oxide (TiO2) alone or with Silver (Ag) as an additive on Escherichia coli. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Escherichia coli isolates (n=25) sensitive to most of the drugs including first generation cephalosporins, ampicillin and amoxycillin from various samples like pus, urine, sputum and blood were placed onto the glass slides containing TiO2 annealed at 200°C, 400°C, TiO2 with 0...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892256/possibility-of-quantitative-t2-mapping-mri-of-cartilage-near-metal-in-high-tibial-osteotomy-a-human-cadaver-study
#19
Joost Verschueren, Duncan E Meuffels, Esther E Bron, Stefan Klein, Gert-Jan Kleinrensink, Jan A N Verhaar, Sita M A Bierma-Zeinstra, Gabriel P Krestin, Piotr A Wielopolski, Max Reijman, Edwin H G Oei
T2-mapping is a widely used quantitative MRI technique in osteoarthritis research. An important challenge for its application in the context of high tibial osteotomy (HTO) is the presence of metallic fixation devices. In this study, we evaluated the possibility of performing T2-mapping after a HTO, by assessing the extent of magnetic susceptibility artifacts and the influence on T2 relaxation times caused by two commonly used fixation devices. T2-mapping with a 3D fast spin-echo sequence at 3 Tesla was performed on 11 human cadaveric knee joints before and after implantation of a titanium plate and screws (n = 5) or cobalt chrome staples(n = 6)...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888428/displacement-comparison-of-cad-cam-titanium-and-zirconia-abutments-to-implants-with-different-conical-connections
#20
Burak Yilmaz, Shervin Hashemzadeh, Jeremy D Seidt, Nancy L Clelland
PURPOSE: To compare the displacements of CAD-CAM zirconia and titanium abutments into different internal connection systems after torquing. METHODS: OsseoSpeed EV and OsseoSpeed TX implants (n=10) were placed in resin blocks. Zirconia and titanium abutments (n=5) were first hand tightened and then tightened to the recommended torque (20Ncm for TX and 25Ncm for EV). Displacements of abutments between screw tightening by hand and torque driver was measured using three-dimensional digital image correlation (3D DIC) technique...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontic Research
keyword
keyword
98288
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"