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fever in the postoperative patient

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917313/open-surgery-versus-retroperitoneal-laparoscopic-nephrectomy-for-renal-tuberculosis-a-retrospective-study-of-120-patients
#1
Su Zhang, You Luo, Cheng Wang, Hu Xiong, Sheng-Jun Fu, Li Yang
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic renal surgery has been widely used in the treatment of renal diseases. However, there is still little research about its application in addressing renal tuberculosis. The purpose of this study is to retrospectively investigate the surgical results of laparoscopic and open surgery for nonfunctional tuberculous kidneys. METHODS: Between May 2011 and June 2016, 120 nephrectomies were performed in patients with a nonfunctional tuberculous kidney...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909274/-three-mitral-valve-operations-in-a-patient-with-trousseau-syndrome-and-nonbacterial-thrombotic-endocarditis-caused-by-ovarian-cancer
#2
Masahito Saito, Naoki Asano, Kazunori Ota, Kazuho Niimi, Koyu Tanaka, Shigeyoshi Gon, Hiroshi Takano
A 52-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital for acute right hemi-paresis, left homonymous hemianopia, and fever. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain showed multiple cerebral infarctions and transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) revealed a vegetation on the posterior leaflet of her mitral valve. Mitral valve repair was performed under a diagnosis of infective endocarditis (IE). Further multiple cerebral infarctions occurred on the 11th postoperative day, resulting in left hemiplegia and dysarthria...
December 2016: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902675/infected-congenital-epicardial-cyst-presenting-as-acute-abdomen
#3
Timothy Dribin, Matthew D Files, Erin R Rudzinski, Ron Kaplan, Kimberly P Stone
A previously healthy 3-year-old boy presented to the emergency department with abdominal pain, fever, and emesis. Laboratory and radiologic evaluation for causes of acute abdomen were negative; however, review of the abdominal x-ray demonstrated cardiomegaly with the subsequent diagnosis of pericardial cyst by echocardiogram and computed tomography. The patient underwent surgical decompression and attempted removal of the cystic structure revealing that the cyst originated from the epicardium. His abdominal pain and fever resolved postoperatively and he completed a 3-week course of ceftriaxone for treatment of Propionibacterium acnes infected congenital epicardial cyst...
December 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893534/clinical-predictors-of-positive-postoperative-blood-cultures
#4
Libby R Copeland-Halperin, Joshua Stodghill, Erica Emery, Amber W Trickey, Jonathan Dort
OBJECTIVE: To define clinical features of surgical patients in whom postoperative blood cultures are likely to identify pathogens. BACKGROUND: Bacteremia is a worrisome postoperative complication and blood cultures (BCx) are routinely used for evaluation of postoperative bacteremia, but are costly and not always diagnostic. Better methods are needed to select patients in whom BCx identify pathogens. METHODS: We reviewed records of patients ≥18 years old with BCx drawn ≤10 days after surgery in 2013 seeking independent predictors of positive cultures by simple and multiple logistic regression models with statistical significance at α = 0...
November 23, 2016: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872541/splenic-metastasis-from-cancer-of-uterine-cervix-a-rare-case
#5
Jagannath Dixit, Noor Mohammed, Preethi Shetty
Cancer of uterine cervix is one of the most common malignancies in women. Metastatic recurrence of cervical cancer in spleen is rare, mostly seen in autopsies. Splenic metastasis from cervical cancer in a living patient without disseminated metastases is rarer. Here, we present the case of a lady aged 46 years with cervical cancer-squamous cell carcinoma-who had undergone radical hysterectomy and postoperative 50 Gy of intensity modulated radiation therapy in 25 fractions and 50 mg of weekly cisplatin for 6 weeks...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847798/does-the-abdominal-ultrasonography-reliable-in-the-diagnosis-of-postoperative-pancreatic-fistula-after-pancreaticoduodenectomy-in-the-first-postoperative-week
#6
Erdem Kinaci, Mert Mahsuni Sevinc, Savas Bayrak, Ceyda Turan Bektas, Aytul Hande Yardimci, Abdulkerim Ozakay
PURPOSE: We evaluated the efficacy of ultrasonography (US) in the early postoperative period after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) to diagnose postoperative-pancreatic-fistula (POPF). Early diagnosis is important to prevent POPF-dependent mortality after PD. The value of radiological modalities for early diagnosing POPF is not clear. METHODS: Forty-five patients who underwent transabdominal-US in the first postoperative week after PD were retrospectively evaluated...
November 2016: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831593/-incisional-complications-following-ventral-median-coeliotomy-in-horses-does-suturing-of-the-peritoneum-reduce-the-risk
#7
Doreen Scharner, Karsten Winter, Walter Brehm, Madlen Kämpfert, Claudia Gittel
OBJECTIVE: Despite advances in surgical technique in abdominal surgery, incisional complications are frequently reported following ventral midline laparotomy in horses. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of incisional complications at our clinic and to identify possible risk factors. Furthermore, we investigated whether suturing the peritoneum leads to a reduction of incisional complications. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, records of patients of the Large Animal Clinic for Surgery of the University of Leipzig from January 2010 to December 2015 were analysed...
November 10, 2016: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe G, Grosstiere/Nutztiere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826090/subdural-empyema-in-the-setting-of-multimodal-intracranial-monitoring
#8
Jian Guan, Emily S Spivak, Christopher Wilkerson, Min S Park
BACKGROUND: Multimodal intracranial monitoring is becoming an increasingly common tool in the management of patients with traumatic brain injury. Although numerous reports detailing the benefits of such advanced monitoring exist in the literature, there is minimal discussion of the possible complications that may arise in this patient population. CASE DESCRIPTION: We report the case of a 32-year-old patient who had been assaulted and presented initially at an outside facility with a Glasgow Coma Scale score of 8...
November 5, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818946/granulocyte-colony-stimulating-factor-producing-infiltrating-urothelial-carcinoma-of-the-left-renal-pelvis-a-case-report
#9
Takamasa Horiuchi, Ken Shimizu, Kenichi Sasaki, Atsushi Kato, Yukio Homma
We report a case of granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) producing infiltrating urothelial carcinoma of the left renal pelvis. The patient was referred to our hospital for fever and anorexia. Blood tests showed elevated level of leukocytosis without any infectious diseases. The serum concentration of G-CSF was remarkably elevated. Abdominal computed tomography (CT) revealed a huge mass in the left renal pelvis and para-aortic lymph node enlargement. He was underwent left nephroureterectomy and para-aortic lymphadenectomy...
January 2017: Urology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817782/-recurrent-fever-hepatosplenomegaly-and-eosinophilia-in-a-boy
#10
Dan Liu, Li-Li Zhong, Yun Li, Min Chen
A 2-year-old boy was admitted into the hospital because of cough and fever. Lymph node tuberculosis was noted when he was 2 months old and he was subsequently hospitalized several times because of cough and fever. After hospitalization the laboratory examination showed an increased eosinophia level in blood. The immune function tests shows decreased levels of IgG, IgA, and IgM. The patient had no response to anti-tuberculosis, anti-bacterial, and anti-fungal treatment, resulting in recurrent fever and progressive enlargement of the liver and spleen...
November 2016: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810308/routine-workup-of-postoperative-pyrexia-following-total-joint-arthroplasty-is-only-necessary-in-select-circumstances
#11
Je-Hyun Yoo, Camilo Restrepo, Antonia F Chen, Javad Parvizi
BACKGROUND: It is unclear when routine workup of postoperative pyrexia (POP) following total joint arthroplasty (TJA) should be performed. METHODS: A retrospective electronic database search was conducted on 25,558 consecutive patients undergoing primary or revision TJA between June 2001 and June 2013. We identified patient demographics, procedure type, characteristics of feverish patients, and febrile complications. The estimated costs for chest x-ray (CXR), urinalysis, urine culture, and blood culture were investigated...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808063/ostium-secundum-atrial-septal-defect-endocarditis-caused-by-brucella-infection
#12
Feridoun Sabzi, Reza Faraji
The most common cardiovascular presentation of brucellosis (a zoonotic infection) in Iran is aortic valve endocarditis. Brucellosis is a systemic infection and may involve any congenital heart defect with various clinical signs and symptoms. We report brucella endocarditis in an atrial septal defect (ASD) in a 55-year-old man who presented with fever and hemiplegia. Echocardiography showed a secundum ASD with large vegetations of 0.5×1 cm arising from the rim of the ASD. Serological analysis was positive for Brucella agglutinin, thus confirming the diagnosis...
May 2016: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785140/implantation-of-mitral-aortic-and-tricuspid-bioprostheses-due-to-infective-endocarditis-with-necessary-reimplantation-of-the-bioprosthetic-aortic-valve
#13
Cezary Danielecki, Paweł Bugajski, Roman Olszewski, Krzysztof Greberski, Ryszard Kalawski
The patient was admitted to the Department of Cardiac Surgery of the J. Struś City Hospital in Poznan due to infective endocarditis involving the aortic, mitral, and tricuspid valves. Implantation of three biological valve prostheses proceeded without complications. Starting on day 23, the patient's general condition deteriorated, with high fever. Despite postoperative antibiotic therapy, transesophageal echocardiography revealed the presence of vegetation on the bioprosthetic aortic valve. On the 46(th) day after the initial surgery, the patient required replacement of the aortic bioprosthesis, which exhibited the presence of numerous vegetations...
September 2016: Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska, Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760547/secondary-bladder-amyloidosis-with-familial-mediterranean-fever-in-a-living-donor-kidney-transplant-recipient-a-case-report
#14
Sentaro Imamura, Shintaro Narita, Ryuta Nishikomori, Hiroshi Tsuruta, Kazuyuki Numakura, Atsushi Maeno, Mitsuru Saito, Takamitsu Inoue, Norihiko Tsuchiya, Hiroshi Nanjo, Toshio Heike, Shigeru Satoh, Tomonori Habuchi
BACKGROUND: Secondary bladder amyloidosis is an extremely rare disease, resulting from a chronic systematic inflammatory disorder associated with amyloid deposits. Although uncommon in Japan, familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is a hereditary autoinflammatory disease characterized by recurrent episodes of fever of short duration and serositis and is frequently associated with systemic amyloidosis. Here, we present a case of a Japanese patient complaining of fever and macroscopic hematuria after a living donor renal transplantation...
October 19, 2016: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756675/utilization-of-a-technique-of-percutaneous-s2-alar-iliac-fixation-in-immunocompromised-patients-with-spondylodiscitis-two-case-reports
#15
Haruki Funao, Khaled M Kebaish, Norihiro Isogai, Takahiro Koyanagi, Morio Matsumoto, Ken Ishii
BACKGROUND: Spondylodiscitis still remains a serious problem especially in immunocompromised patients. Surgery is necessary when non-surgical treatment is unsuccessful. Although minimally invasive spine stabilization (MISt) with percutaneous pedicle screws is less invasive, percutaneous sacropelvic fixation techniques are not common practice. Here, we describe two cases in which spondylodiscitis in the lumbosacral spine was treated with a percutaneous stabilization using S2 alar-iliac (S2AI) screw technique...
October 15, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756320/a-case-of-peritoneal-metastasis-during-treatment-for-hypopharyngeal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#16
Takahiro Wakasaki, Hirofumi Omori, Shintaro Sueyoshi, Fumihide Rikimaru, Satoshi Toh, Kenichi Taguchi, Yuichiro Higaki, Masaru Morita, Muneyuki Masuda
BACKGROUND: Advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinomas frequently develop distant metastases to limited organs, including the lungs, bone, mediastinal lymph nodes, brain, and liver. Peritoneal carcinomatosis as an initial distant metastasis from hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma is quite rare. CASE PRESENTATION: A 75-year-old man diagnosed with hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma and his clinical stage was determined as T2N2cM0. Notably, the right retropharyngeal lymph node surrounded more than half of the right internal carotid artery...
October 18, 2016: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738457/the-effect-of-steroid-therapy-on-postoperative-inflammatory-response-after-endovascular-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-repair
#17
Kazuto Maruta, Atsushi Aoki, Tadashi Omoto, Hirofumi Iizuka, Hiroyuki Kawaura
Objectives: Unexpected systemic inflammatory response with high fever and increase in C-reactive protein (CRP) occurred frequently after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR). This excessive inflammatory response affects the postoperative course. We evaluated the effects of steroid on the postoperative inflammatory response after EVAR. Methods: Steroid therapy, intravenous infusion of methylprednisolone 1000 mg just after the anesthesia induction, was started since December 2012. After induction of the steroid therapy, 25 patients underwent EVAR with steroid therapy (Group S)...
2016: Annals of Vascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729672/beyond-gout-colchicine-use-in-the-cardiovascular-patient
#18
EDITORIAL
Kristen Bova Campbell, Teresa A Cicci, Alyssa K Vora, Lindsey D Burgess
Colchicine is one of the oldest medications still in use today and is commonly used for the treatment of gout and familial Mediterranean fever. Its anti-inflammatory properties have raised the question of its utility in managing several cardiovascular diseases, including postoperative atrial fibrillation and pericarditis. This article will review the evidence for colchicine in these conditions and provide recommendations for use.
November 2015: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722072/aseptic-meningitis-with-craniopharyngioma-resection-consideration-after-endoscopic-surgery
#19
Jenny X Chen, Blake C Alkire, Allen C Lam, William T Curry, Eric H Holbrook
Objectives While bacterial meningitis is a concerning complication after endoscopic skull base surgery, the diagnosis can be made without consideration for aseptic meningitis. This article aims to (1) present a patient with recurrent craniopharyngioma and multiple postoperative episodes of aseptic meningitis and (2) discuss the diagnosis and management of aseptic meningitis. Design Case report and literature review. Results A 65-year-old female patient with a symptomatic craniopharyngioma underwent transsphenoidal resection...
October 2016: Journal of Neurological Surgery Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721199/laparoscopic-resection-of-perforated-duodenal-diverticulum-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#20
Ting-Chia Yeh
BACKGROUND: Duodenum diverticulum is the most common site for diverticular disease of small intestine. Most of duodenal diverticulum are asymptomatic, but complicated or perforated duodenal diverticulum is rare. Nonoperative management is attractive in selected patients, because of higher surgical complications. We suggest the use of a minimally invasive operative method as an alternative approach for the management of complicated duodenal diverticulum, especially when conservative treatment has failed...
October 5, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
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