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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343912/lateral-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-a-safe-and-effective-surgical-approach
#1
Jonathan Jian Wei Gan, Jaslyn Ju Lia Gan, Jasmine Ju Hsien Gan, Kim Tiong Lee
Introduction: Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is traditionally performed with the patient in the prone position for large renal calculi. However, anesthetic limitations exist with the prone position. Similarly, the supine position is associated with poorer ergonomics due to the awkward downward position of the renal tract, a smaller window for percutaneous puncture, and a higher risk of anterior calyx puncture. This study aimed to demonstrate the feasibility and safety of lateral-PCNL in managing large renal calculi without the disadvantages of prone and supine positions...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Urology: IJU: Journal of the Urological Society of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343134/implementation-of-vaginal-cleansing-prior-to-cesarean-delivery-to-decrease-endometritis-rates
#2
Laura Felder, Amanda Paternostro, Johanna Quist-Nelson, Jason Baxter, Vincenzo Berghella
BACKGROUND: Endometritis is a postpartum complication that is more common after cesarean delivery. It frequently requires intravenous antibiotic administration, prolonged hospital stays, and carries a risk of sepsis or abscess formation. Precesarean vaginal preparation has been shown to decrease the risk of endometritis in patients who have labored or have ruptured membranes. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the practical implementation of a protocol for vaginal cleansing prior to cesarean delivery and the subsequent effect on endometritis rates in a clinical setting...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318413/evaluation-of-postoperative-fever-after-surgical-correction-of-neuromuscular-scoliosis-implication-on-management
#3
Mohamed Abdelhamid Ali Yousef, Scott Rosenfeld
BACKGROUND: Scoliosis is a common deformity in patients with neuromuscular disorders which usually necessitates surgical correction. Patients with neuromuscular scoliosis are characterized by increased incidence of associated medical co-morbidities and higher postoperative complication rate; therefore, these patients are often managed with a wide multidisciplinary care team. Postoperative fever is a frequent complication after surgery which is often routinely investigated using different workup tests to rule out infection...
January 9, 2018: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312721/retrospective-review-of-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-pulmonary-sequestration-in-28-patients-surgery-or-endovascular-techniques
#4
Shi-Xin Zhang, Hai-Dong Wang, Kang Yang, Wei Cheng, Wei Wu
Background: Pulmonary sequestration (PS) is a rare congenital pulmonary malformation. In this study, we aimed to retrospect and evaluate the diagnosis, treatment, and outcomes of PS in 28 patients at our institute. Methods: The files of 28 patients with PS who were treated with surgery (21 cases) or endovascular intervention (7 cases) between May 2005 and June 2016 from a single institute were retrospectively reviewed. The following data of all patients were analyzed: age, sex, clinical symptoms, diagnostic methods, operative techniques, and treatment outcomes...
December 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311570/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-topical-administration-of-fibrin-sealant-in-total-hip-arthroplasty
#5
Zhihu Zhao, Xinlong Ma, Jianxiong Ma, Xiaolei Sun, Fengbo Li, Jianwei Lv
Patients who undergo total hip arthroplasty (THA) may experience a large amount of blood loss. The objective of our study is to include randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and compare the clinical outcomes of fibrin sealant (FS) versus placebo after a THA. In October 2015, we searched the following databases: Medline, Embase, PubMed, the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register, Web of Science, the China National Knowledge Infrastructure, the China Wanfang database and Google Scholar. Finally, seven studies that included 679 patients met the inclusion criteria...
January 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302749/simultaneous-repair-of-congenital-heart-defects-and-pectus-excavatum-in-young-children
#6
Junke Wang, Quan Wang, Zhengxia Pan
PURPOSE: The present study was undertaken to summarize our experience with the concurrent repair of pectus excavatum (PE) and congenital heart defects in young children over the past 15 years. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted that included patients who underwent combined repair of PE and a congenital heart defect in a large clinical center between 2002 and 2017. Intraoperative and postoperative patient characteristics, postoperative complications and surgical outcomes were recorded...
January 5, 2018: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301177/iatrogenic-spinal-subarachnoid-hematoma-after-diagnostic-lumbar-puncture
#7
Jung Hyun Park, Jong Yeol Kim
Spinal subarachnoid hematoma (SSH) following diagnostic lumbar puncture is very rare. Generally, SSH is more likely to occur when the patient has coagulopathy or is undergoing anticoagulant therapy. Unlike the usual complications, such as headache, dizziness, and back pain at the needle puncture site, SSH may result in permanent neurologic deficits if not properly treated within a short period of time. An otherwise healthy 43-year-old female with no predisposing factors presented with fever and headache. Diagnostic lumbar puncture was performed under suspicion of acute meningitis...
December 2017: Korean Journal of Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299886/risk-factors-of-infectious-complications-after-flexible-uretero-renoscopy-with-laser-lithotripsy
#8
Cagri Senocak, Cihat Ozcan, Tolga Sahin, Gulden Yilmaz, Ekrem Ozyuvali, Selcuk Sarikaya, Berkan Resorlu, Ural Oguz, Omer Faruk Bozkurt, Ali Unsal, Oztug Adsan
PURPOSE: To determine the perioperative risk factors for postoperative infections among patients undergoing flexible uretero-renoscopy with laser lithotripsy (FURSLL). In addition, the resistance patterns of pathogens isolated from positive preoperative urine cultures were investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed data from 492 consecutive patients who had undergone FURSLL for stone disease in our department. Postoperative infection was defined as fever (? 38°C) with pyuria (? 10 white blood cells per high power field), or systemic inflammatory response syndrome, or sepsis...
January 4, 2018: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296049/hysterectomy-and-ovarian-cystectomy-using-natural-orifice-transluminal-endoscopic-surgery-an-initial-experience-at-tzu-chi-general-hospital
#9
Dah-Ching Ding, Tang-Yuan Chu, Mun-Kun Hong
Objectives: The objective of this study is to report our initial experience with patients undergoing transvaginal natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES). Materials and Methods: From September 2016 to December 2016, patients who were not virgins and did not have pelvic inflammation or obliteration of the cul-de-sac who underwent NOTES hysterectomy or ovarian cystectomy (OC) were included in the study. Results: Transvaginal NOTES was performed smoothly in six patients, two patients (mean age 35 years, mean body mass index [BMI] 25) received an OC and four patients (mean age 49 years, mean BMI 27) underwent a hysterectomy...
October 2017: Ci Ji Yi Xue za Zhi, Tzu-chi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280021/clinical-features-and-neurosurgical-treatment-of-trigonal-cavernous-malformations
#10
Chengjun Wang, Meng Zhao, Xiaofeng Deng, Jia Wang, Zhongli Jiang, Jizong Zhao
The goals of this study were to analyze the incidence, clinical manifestations, neuroimaging findings, surgical treatments, and neurological outcomes of trigonal cavernous malformations (TCMs). Among 1395 cases of intracranial and intraspinal cavernous malformations (CMs) surgically treated between 2003 and 2016 at Beijing Tiantan Hospital, a series of 12 patients with TCM was chosen for analysis and their records were reviewed. We also performed an exhaustive literature search using PubMed to identify all previously reported cases in the literatures...
December 26, 2017: Neurosurgical Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277466/determinants-of-postoperative-morbidity-and-mortality-in-children-managed-for-typhoid-intestinal-perforation-in-kano-nigeria
#11
Lofty-John Anyanwu, Aminu Mohammad, Lawal Abdullahi, Aliyu Farinyaro, Stephen Obaro
BACKGROUND: Intestinal perforation is a serious but poorly understood complication of typhoid fever. This study aims to determine the patient factors associated with postoperative morbidity and mortality. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of all children presenting to our unit with typhoid intestinal perforation (TIP) between March 2009 and December 2013. The patients were grouped based on postoperative outcome status and were compared with respect to patient related variables, using chi square test...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245338/multifaceted-spiral-suture-a-hemostatic-technique-in-managing-placenta-praevia-or-accrete-a-retrospective-study
#12
Yifan Meng, Peng Wu, Dongrui Deng, Jianli Wu, Xingguang Lin, Rajluxmee Beejadhursing, Ying Zha, Fuyuan Qiao, Ling Feng, Haiyi Liu, Wanjiang Zeng
Patients with total placenta previa and past history of cesarean delivery often experience overwhelming hemorrhage during childbirth. In order to control intraoperative and postoperative bleeding, we propose a novel multifaceted spiral suture of the lower uterine segment which directly sutures the bleeding site.To evaluate the efficacy and safety of multifaceted spiral suture, a retrospective study was conducted using data from 33 patients with total placenta praevia and caesarean history.All participants underwent multifaceted spiral suture and no patient experienced uncontrollable bleeding or underwent hysterectomy...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239258/is-the-preoperative-level-of-procalcitonin-a-valid-indicator-for-predicting-postoperative-fever-after-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy
#13
Deng Li, Ming-Lei Sha, Lei Chen, Ying-Long Xiao, Jian Zhuo, Jun Lu, Yi Shao
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the risk factors for postoperative fever and to identify the value of preoperative procalcitonin (PCT) in predicting postoperative fever after percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients who underwent PNL between January 2014 and March 2017 were studied. In total, 363 medical records with complete data were determined to be eligible for analysis. Patients were classified into a control or febrile group according to the presence of a body temperature over 38°C...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234544/impact-of-transobturator-vaginal-tape-on-female-stress-urinary-incontinence-and-sexual-function
#14
Tarek Soliman, Hammouda Sherif, Abdallah Fathi, Wael Kandeel, Osama Abdelwahab
Objective: To evaluate the effect of vaginal transobturator tape (TOT) on female stress urinary incontinence (SUI) and sexual function. Patients and methods: In all, 145 patients with SUI underwent TOT repair using the 'outside-in' technique. All patients had been sexually active in the previous 6 months. Patients were evaluated by history, routine laboratory investigations, cough stress test, abdominopelvic ultrasonography, and full urodynamic studies. The preoperative data assessed included: age, parity, body mass index, menopausal status, and Stamey grade of SUI...
December 2017: Arab Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216529/sessile-serrated-adenoma-polyp-leading-to-acute-appendicitis-with-multiple-pyogenic-liver-abscesses-a-case-report
#15
Koki Sato, Masataka Banshodani, Masahiro Nishihara, Junko Nambu, Yasuo Kawaguchi, Fumio Shimamoto, Kiyohiko Dohi, Keizo Sugino, Hideki Ohdan
INTRODUCTION: Although appendicitis is a common disease, appendicitis concurrent with liver abscesses and sessile serrated adenoma/polyp (SSA/P) is rare. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 69-year-old man presented with symptoms of abdominal pain and fever. Computed tomography (CT) revealed multiple liver abscesses and an enlarged appendix with a pseudotumoral appearance, which suggested acute appendicitis. In the emergency operation, ileocecal resection was performed for the perforated appendicitis with an inflammatory mass in the ileocecum...
December 2, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205142/necrotizing-fasciitis-associated-with-primary-cutaneous-b-cell-lymphoma-a-case-report
#16
K G Spiridakis, D S Intzepogazoglou, M E Flamourakis, E E Sfakianakis, A V Daskalaki, E K Vakonaki, E Rahmanis, G E Kostakis, M S Christodoulakis
Necrotizing fasciitis is a rapidly progressive and life-threatening infection of the deeper skin layers and subcutaneous tissues that moves along the facial planes. OBJECTIVES: We present the rare case of a patient with necrotizing fasciitis associated with high malignancy b-cell lymphoma. Our purpose is to investigate the probable connection between the two pathologies and evaluate the importance of early surgical intervention. CASE REPORT: 51-year old Caucasian woman presented at the E...
May 2017: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205141/deep-spinal-infection-in-instrumented-spinal-surgery-diagnostic-factors-and-therapy
#17
M Dobran, A Marini, M Gladi, D Nasi, R Colasanti, R Benigni, Francesca Mancini, M Iacoangeli, M Scerrati
AIM: Postoperative surgical site infections (SSI) are complication of spinal surgery. These complications may lead to a poor outcome with neurological deficits, spinal deformity and chronic pain. The purpose of this study is to explore the statistical value of diagnostic parameters and the proper therapy. METHOD: We retrospectively reviewed 550 patients who underwent spinal instrumentation at our department from January 2011 to December 2015. The SSI was present in 16 patients out of 550 operated...
May 2017: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201518/transobturator-four-arms-mesh-in-the-surgical-management-of-stress-urinary-incontinence-with-cystocele
#18
Hammouda Sherif, Tarek Soliman Othman, Amr Eldkhakhany, Hussein Elkady, Adel Elfallah
Objective: This study aims to evaluate safety and efficacy of four arms polypropylene mesh in the long- term follow-up in the management of stress urinary incontinence (SUI) associated with cystocele. Material and methods: This prospective study was conducted on 50 female patients with SUI associated with cystocele. Patients underwent placement of transobturator four-arms mesh implants. Stress incontinence was evaluated using cough stress test with and without prolapse reduction, Stamey's grading of SUI, the validated Arabic version of the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Short Form and King Health Questionnaire forms...
December 2017: Turkish Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199182/delayed-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-high-grade-blunt-pancreatic-trauma-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#19
Myftar Torba, Arben Gjata, Francesco Rulli, Ilir Kajo, Sotir Ceka, Tajar Asqeri
INTRODUCTION: Despite technological advancement, high grade pancreatic injuries following blunt abdominal trauma continues to remain a disease that is associated with high morbidity and mortality rates, particularly in cases of delayed diagnosis. The aim of this paper was the presentation of delayed diagnosis and treatment peculiarities of high grade pancreatic trauma and a review of literature. CASE REPORT: A 55-years old man, involved in motor vehicle crashes, was referred to our level I trauma center...
November 29, 2017: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198690/preexisting-cerebral-aspergillosis-successfully-treated-after-liver-transplantation-a-case-report
#20
J S Lee, S-H Kim, J H Kwon, Y C Yoon
BACKGROUND: Invasive aspergillosis (IA) is a rare condition that generally affects immunosuppressed patients. The mortality of IA is known to be >90% in liver transplantation (LT) recipients; the lung is the most commonly affected organ, followed by the brain. There have been reports in the literature of cerebral aspergillosis (CA) in LT recipients. In all previous reports, CA developed after LT. We present the first case (to the best of our knowledge) of preexisting CA diagnosed and successfully treated after LT...
December 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
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