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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322704/transmission-of-hepatitis-a-virus-through-combined-liver-small-intestine-pancreas-transplantation
#1
Monique A Foster, Lauren M Weil, Sherry Jin, Thomas Johnson, Tonya R Hayden-Mixson, Yury Khudyakov, Pallavi D Annambhotla, Sridhar V Basavaraju, Saleem Kamili, Jana M Ritter, Noele Nelson, George Mazariegos, Michael Green, Ryan W Himes, David T Kuhar, Matthew J Kuehnert, Jeffrey A Miller, Rachel Wiseman, Anne C Moorman
Although transmission of hepatitis A virus (HAV) through blood transfusion has been documented, transmission through organ transplantation has not been reported. In August 2015, state health officials in Texas, USA, were notified of 2 home health nurses with HAV infection whose only common exposure was a child who had undergone multi-visceral organ transplantation 9 months earlier. Specimens from the nurses, organ donor, and all organ recipients were tested and medical records reviewed to determine a possible infection source...
April 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252806/measuring-quality-caries-related-emergency-department-visits-and-follow-up-among-children
#2
Jill Boylston Herndon, James J Crall, Donna L Carden, Frank A Catalanotto, Scott L Tomar, Krishna Aravamudhan, Jennifer K Light, Elizabeth A Shenkman
OBJECTIVE: This study validated two Dental Quality Alliance system-level measures of oral healthcare quality for children - caries-related emergency department (ED) visits and timely follow-up of those visits with a dentist - including formal validation of diagnosis codes used to identify caries-related ED visits and measurement of follow-up care. METHODS: The measures were specified for implementation with administrative claims data and validated using data from the Florida and Texas Medicaid and Children's Health Insurance Programs...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228448/patient-experience-with-discharge-instructions-in-postdischarge-recovery-a-qualitative-study
#3
Molly J Horstman, Whitney L Mills, Levi I Herman, Cecilia Cai, George Shelton, Tareq Qdaisat, David H Berger, Aanand D Naik
OBJECTIVES: We examined the role of discharge instructions in postoperative recovery for patients undergoing colorectal surgery and report themes related to patient perceptions of discharge instructions and postdischarge experience. DESIGN: Semistructured interviews were conducted as part of a formative evaluation of a Project Re-Engineered Discharge intervention adapted for surgical patients. SETTING: Michael E. DeBakey VA Medical Center, a tertiary referral centre in Houston, Texas...
February 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217375/lymphocyte-to-monocyte-ratio-can-predict-mortality-in-pancreatic-adenocarcinoma
#4
Gurshawn Singh, Ammar Nassri, David Kim, Hong Zhu, Zeeshan Ramzan
AIM: To determine if the lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR) could be helpful in predicting survival in patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of all patients diagnosed with pancreatic adenocarcinoma in the VA North Texas Healthcare System from January 2005 to December 2010. The LMR was calculated from peripheral blood cell counts obtained at the time of diagnosis of pancreatic cancer by dividing the absolute lymphocyte count by the absolute monocyte count...
February 6, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211618/a-comparison-between-lynch-syndrome-and-sporadic-colorectal-cancer-survivors-satisfaction-with-their-healthcare-providers
#5
Allison M Burton-Chase, Wendy M Parker, Katrina M Polivka, Ellen R Gritz, Christopher I Amos, Karen H Lu, Patrick M Lynch, Miguel A Rodriguez-Bigas, Y Nancy You, Susan K Peterson
This study evaluated provider satisfaction in a sample of colorectal cancer (CRC) survivors with and without Lynch syndrome (LS). Participants were case-case-matched CRC survivors with (n = 75) or without (n = 75) LS (mean age of 55; range: 27-93). Participants completed a mailed questionnaire assessing demographics, clinical characteristics, healthcare utilization, psychosocial variables, and provider satisfaction. LS CRC survivors reported lower provider satisfaction scores on three subscales of the Primary Care Assessment Survey: communication (78...
March 2017: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196673/mean-direct-medical-care-costs-associated-with-cervical-cancer-for-commercially-insured-patients-in-texas
#6
David R Lairson, Shuangshuang Fu, Wenyaw Chan, Li Xu, Zeena Shelal, Lois Ramondetta
OBJECTIVE: To determine the mean cervical cancer medical care costs for patients enrolled in commercial insurance in Texas. Cost is represented by insurer and patient payments for care. METHODS: We estimated the mean medical care costs during the first 2years after the index diagnosis date for patients with cervical cancer (cases). Cases were identified using claims-based International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9), diagnosis codes and matched to controls without a claims-based ICD-9 code for cancer using a 2-step propensity score matching method...
February 10, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138827/improving-receipt-and-preventive-care-delivery-for-adolescents-and-young-adults-initial-lessons-from-top-performing-states
#7
Claire D Brindis, Lauren Twietmeyer, M Jane Park, Sally Adams, Charles E Irwin
Purpose Provisions of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) of 2010 hold promise for improving access to and receipt of preventive services for adolescents and young adults (AYAs). The Title V Block Grant transformation also includes a focus on improving adolescent preventive care. This brief report describes and discusses an inquiry of promising strategies for improving access and preventive care delivery identified in selected high-performing states. Methods Two data sources were used to identify top-performing states in insurance enrollment and preventive care delivery: National Survey of Children's Health for adolescents (ages 12-17 years) and Behavioral Risk Factors Surveillance System for young adults (ages 18-25 years)...
January 30, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133601/determinants-of-hpv-vaccine-awareness-and-healthcare-providers-discussion-of-hpv-vaccine-among-females
#8
Chinedum O Ojinnaka, David A McClellan, Cynthia Weston, Katie Pekarek, Janet W Helduser, Jane N Bolin
Two human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines are available and can prevent 98% of HPV 16 and 18 infections. This study aimed to explore determinants of 1) HPV vaccine awareness among a cohort of low-income women participating in a cancer prevention program in Central Texas and compare them to United States residents; 2) determinants of healthcare providers' discussion of HPV vaccine among female residents of the United States. Bivariate and multivariable analysis of HPV vaccine awareness using survey data (n = 359) collected between 2014 and 2016 in Central Texas, and the Health Information and Nutrition Survey (HINTS) data which is a nationally representative dataset (unweighted n = 1214) collected in 2013 were conducted...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118172/knowledge-perceptions-and-attitudes-toward-pelvic-organ-prolapse-and-urinary-incontinence-in-spanish-speaking-latinas
#9
Elisha Jackson, Loretta Hernandez, Veronica T Mallett, T Ignacio Montoya
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to explore individual views and perceptions of Spanish-speaking Latinas living on the US/Mexico border toward pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and urinary incontinence (UI), including awareness of conditions, implications of diagnoses, knowledge, and attitudes toward available treatment options. METHODS: Spanish-speaking Latina women were recruited from clinics at Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center El Paso. Focus group discussions were conducted, addressing topics including female pelvic anatomy, perceived etiology and course of POP and UI, and attitudes toward treatment options...
January 24, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047476/su-f-i-16-short-breast-mri-with-high-resolution-t2-weighted-and-dynamic-contrast-enhanced-t1-weighted-images
#10
J Ma, J Son, B Arun, J Hazle, K Hwang, K Wang, E Bayram, J Madewell, W Yang, B Dogan
PURPOSE: To develop and demonstrate a short breast (sb) MRI protocol that acquires both T2-weighted and dynamic contrast-enhanced T1-weighted images in approximately ten minutes. METHODS: The sb-MRI protocol consists of two novel pulse sequences. The first is a flexible fast spin-echo triple-echo Dixon (FTED) sequence for high-resolution fat-suppressed T2-weighted imaging, and the second is a 3D fast dual-echo spoiled gradient sequence (FLEX) for volumetric fat-suppressed T1-weighted imaging before and post contrast agent injection...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025930/cost-effectiveness-of-treatment-sequences-of-chemotherapies-and-targeted-biologics-for-elderly-metastatic-colorectal-cancer-patients
#11
Rohan C Parikh, Xianglin L Du, Morgan O Robert, David R Lairson
BACKGROUND: Treatment patterns for metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) patients have changed considerably over the last decade with the introduction of new chemotherapies and targeted biologics. These treatments are often administered in various sequences with limited evidence regarding their cost-effectiveness. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a pharmacoeconomic evaluation of commonly administered treatment sequences among elderly mCRC patients. METHODS: A probabilistic discrete event simulation model assuming Weibull distribution was developed to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of the following common treatment sequences: (a) first-line oxaliplatin/irinotecan followed by second-line oxaliplatin/irinotecan + bevacizumab (OI-OIB); (b) first-line oxaliplatin/irinotecan + bevacizumab followed by second-line oxaliplatin/irinotecan + bevacizumab (OIB-OIB); (c) OI-OIB followed by a third-line targeted biologic (OI-OIB-TB); and (d) OIB-OIB followed by a third-line targeted biologic (OIB-OIB-TB)...
January 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926908/community-perceptions-of-biobanking-participation-a-qualitative-study-among-mexican-americans-in-three-texas-cities
#12
Natalia I Heredia, Sarah Krasny, Larkin L Strong, Laura Von Hatten, Lynne Nguyen, Belinda M Reininger, Lorna H McNeill, María E Fernández
BACKGROUND: Most biospecimens in the US are collected from non-Hispanic Whites, limiting the generalizability of findings. There is a need to increase participation in biobanking among ethnic and racial minorities. The purpose of this study was to use qualitative methods to identify factors that may influence Mexican-American individuals' willingness to participate in biobanking. METHODS: We conducted 15 focus groups in three Texas cities with Mexican-American individuals, in both Spanish and English...
December 8, 2016: Public Health Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926620/tapping-magnet%C3%A2-s-culture-of-innovation-to-improve-the-patient-experience
#13
Jennifer Rainer
As incentives grow for healthcare organizations to improve the patient experience, an increasing number choose to add consumers directly into their leadership structures. In this final installment about the value of patient and family advisory councils, the senior director of quality at a large, Magnet®-recognized Texas hospital explains how tapping into a well-established Magnet culture helped the organization adopt innovative approaches that produced positive change. Based on an interview with the author, she notes that seeing basic issues through patients' eyes challenged long-held beliefs and led to improvements in a wide variety of areas...
January 2017: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864245/social-networks-of-men-who-have-sex-with-men-and-their-implications-for-hiv-sti-interventions-results-from-a-cross-sectional-study-using-respondent-driven-sampling-in-a-large-and-a-small-city-in-tanzania
#14
Michael W Ross, Markus Larsson, Jerry Jacobson, Joyce Nyoni, Anette Agardh
OBJECTIVE: Men who have sex with men (MSM) in sub-Saharan Africa remain hidden and hard to reach for involvement in HIV and sexually transmitted infection (STI) services. The aim of the current study was to describe MSM social networks in a large and a small Tanzanian city in order to explore their utility for peer-based healthcare interventions. METHODS: Data were collected through respondent-driven sampling (RDS) in Dar es Salaam (n=197) and in Tanga (n=99) in 2012 and 2013, using 5 and 4 seeds, respectively...
November 18, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843424/improving-the-collection-of-race-ethnicity-and-language-data-to-reduce-healthcare-disparities-a-case-study-from-an-academic-medical-center
#15
Wei-Chen Lee, Sreenivas P Veeranki, Hani Serag, Karl Eschbach, Kenneth D Smith
Well-designed electronic health records (EHRs) must integrate a variety of accurate information to support efforts to improve quality of care, particularly equity-in-care initiatives. This case study provides insight into the challenges those initiatives may face in collecting accurate race, ethnicity, and language (REAL) information in the EHR. We present the experience of an academic medical center strengthening its EHR for better collection of REAL data with funding from the EHR Incentive Programs for meaningful use of health information technology and the Texas Medicaid 1115 Waiver program...
2016: Perspectives in Health Information Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764074/intensive-care-unit-icu-managed-elderly-hospitalizations-with-dementia-in-texas-2001-2010-a-population-level-analysis
#16
Lavi Oud
BACKGROUND The demand for critical care services among elderly with dementia outpaces that of their non-dementia elderly counterparts. However, there are scarce data on the corresponding attributes among ICU-managed patients with dementia. MATERIAL AND METHODS We used the Texas Inpatient Public Use Data File to examine temporal trends of the demographics, burden of comorbidities, measures of severity of illness, use of healthcare resources, and short-term outcomes among hospitalizations aged 65 years or older with a reported diagnosis of dementia, who were admitted to ICU (D-ICU hospitalizations) between 2001 and 2010...
October 20, 2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668567/predictors-of-appropriate-pharmacotherapy-management-of-copd-exacerbations-and-impact-on-6-month-readmission
#17
Melody Tran, Pin Xiang, Karen L Rascati, Eileen M Stock, Paul J Godley, Amber Coleman, Michael R Bogart, Richard H Stanford
BACKGROUND: Suboptimal treatment of exacerbations is a major concern in management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The Pharmacotherapy Management of COPD Exacerbation (PCE) Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set (HEDIS) measure is a quality measure included by the National Committee for Quality Assurance that focuses on appropriate use of steroids and bronchodilators during an acute COPD exacerbation. There is limited evidence evaluating predictors of this quality measure, as well as its association with hospital readmission and cost outcomes...
October 2016: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27662393/measuring-the-cost-implications-of-the-collaborative-accountable-care-initiative-in-texas
#18
Vivian Ho, Timothy K Allen, Urie Kim, William P Keenan, Meei-Hsiang Ku-Goto, Mark Sanderson
OBJECTIVES: We analyzed changes in healthcare spending associated with the implementation of Cigna's Collaborative Accountable Care (CAC) initiative in a large multi-clinic physician practice. STUDY DESIGN: We compared claims from 2009, prior to the CAC initiative, against claims for 2010 to 2011, contrasting the patients covered by Cigna's CAC initiative with patients in other practices in the same geographic area covered by Cigna's medical plan. METHODS: We used a propensity weighted difference-in-differences approach, adjusting for age, sex, health status, and secular trends to isolate the treatment effect of the CAC...
2016: American Journal of Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634770/factors-associated-with-potentially-preventable-pediatric-admissions-vary-by-diagnosis-findings-from-a-large-state
#19
Laura N Medford-Davis, Rohan Shah, Danielle Kennedy, Emilie Becker
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to determine characteristics associated with potentially preventable pediatric admissions as defined by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. METHODS: The Texas Inpatient Public Use Data File, an administrative database of hospital admissions, identified 747 040 pediatric admissions ages 0 to 17 years to acute care facilities between 2005 and 2008. Potentially preventable admissions included 5 diagnoses: asthma, perforated appendicitis, diabetes, gastroenteritis, and urinary tract infection...
October 2016: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631712/collaborative-learning-in-the-texas-medicaid-1115-waiver-program
#20
Lee Revere, Adele Semaan, Nicole Lievsay, Jessica Hall, Zheng M Wang, Charles Begley
The Texas Medicaid 1115 Transformation Waiver reforms the state's safety net systems by creating a Delivery System Reform Incentive Payment incentive pool for innovative healthcare delivery. The Waiver supports the design and implementation of transformative projects. As part of the Waiver requirements, regions created Learning Collaboratives to collaborate on project implementation and outcomes. This paper describes the experience of one region in adapting the Institute for Healthcare Improvement Breakthrough Series (IHI BTS) model, as a framework for their Learning Collaborative...
November 2016: Journal for Healthcare Quality: Official Publication of the National Association for Healthcare Quality
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