keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Scott and white

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208253/socioeconomic-psychosocial-and-behavioral-characteristics-of-patients-hospitalized-with-cardiovascular-disease
#1
Matthew E Dupre, Alicia Nelson, Scott M Lynch, Bradi B Granger, Hanzhang Xu, Erik Churchill, Janese M Willis, Lesley H Curtis, Eric D Peterson
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have drawn attention to nonclinical factors to better understand disparities in the development, treatment and prognosis of patients with cardiovascular disease. However, there has been limited research describing the nonclinical characteristics of patients hospitalized for cardiovascular care. METHODS: Data for this study come from 520 patients admitted to the Duke Heart Center from January 1, 2015 through January 10, 2017. Electronic medical records and a standardized survey administered before discharge were used to ascertain detailed information on patients' demographic (age, sex, race, marital status and living arrangement), socioeconomic (education, employment and health insurance), psychosocial (health literacy, health self-efficacy, social support, stress and depressive symptoms) and behavioral (smoking, drinking and medication adherence) attributes...
December 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206668/treatment-patterns-and-clinical-outcomes-in-patients-with-metastatic-gastroenteropancreatic-neuroendocrine-tumors-treated-in-the-community-practice-setting-in-the-united-states
#2
Xiaolong Jiao, Sonia Pulgar, Marley Boyd, Fadi Braiteh, Beloo Mirakhur, Susan Pitman Lowenthal, Patricia Fox, Jennifer Frytak, David Cox, Andrew Scott Paulson
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to understand treatment patterns and clinical outcomes in metastatic gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumor patients treated in a large community oncology network. METHODS: This retrospective study used the McKesson Specialty Health/US Oncology Network iKnowMed electronic health record database with supplemental chart review. Eligibility criteria included a metastatic neuroendocrine tumor diagnosis between January 1, 2008, and to December 31, 2012; at least 2 US Oncology Network visits; and age at least 18 years...
December 5, 2017: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197313/variation-in-use-of-prophylactic-antibiotics-in-gynecologic-procedures-before-and-after-an-educational-intervention
#3
Emily Wu, Jessica Langsjoen, Jessica Pruszynski, Thomas J Kuehl, Wilma I Larsen
OBJECTIVES: Guidelines for use of prophylactic antibiotics in gynecologic procedures are outlined by the American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. There remains, however, a high rate of unindicated administration of antibiotics for surgeries. A retrospective study performed at our institution in 2012-2013 demonstrated that unindicated prophylactic antibiotics were administered over half the time. This study aimed to examine variations in the use of prophylactic antibiotics in patients undergoing gynecologic surgery at Scott and White Memorial Hospital and determine whether an educational intervention to gynecology physicians was associated with a significant decrease in unindicated prophylactic antibiotics...
December 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196450/migratory-cd11b-conventional-dendritic-cells-induce-t-follicular-helper-cell-dependent-antibody-responses
#4
Jayendra Kumar Krishnaswamy, Uthaman Gowthaman, Biyan Zhang, Johan Mattsson, Louis Szeponik, Dong Liu, Renee Wu, Theresa White, Samuele Calabro, Lan Xu, Magalie A Collet, Marina Yurieva, Samuel Alsén, Per Fogelstrand, Anne Walter, William R Heath, Scott N Mueller, Ulf Yrlid, Adam Williams, Stephanie C Eisenbarth
T follicular helper (Tfh) cells are a subset of CD4+ T cells that promote antibody production during vaccination. Conventional dendritic cells (cDCs) efficiently prime Tfh cells; however, conclusions regarding which cDC instructs Tfh cell differentiation have differed between recent studies. We found that these discrepancies might exist because of the unusual sites used for immunization in murine models, which differentially bias which DC subsets access antigen. We used intranasal immunization as a physiologically relevant route of exposure that delivers antigen to all tissue DC subsets...
December 1, 2017: Science Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193090/physiological-stress-responses-to-natural-variation-in-predation-risk-evidence-from-white-sharks-and-seals
#5
Neil Hammerschlag, Michael Meÿer, Simon Mduduzi Seakamela, Steve Kirkman, Chris Fallows, Scott Creel
Predators can impact ecosystems through consumptive or risk effects on prey. Physiologically, risk effects can be mediated by energetic mechanisms or stress responses. The predation-stress hypothesis predicts that risk induces stress in prey, which can affect survival and reproduction. However, empirical support for this hypothesis is both mixed and limited, and the conditions that cause predation risk to induce stress responses in some cases, but not others, remain unclear. Unusually clear-cut variation in exposure of Cape fur seals (Arctocephalus pusillus pusillus) to predation risk from white sharks (Carcharodon carcharias) in the waters of Southwestern Africa provides an opportunity to test the predation-stress hypothesis in the wild...
December 2017: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180820/subcutaneous-white-adipocytes-express-a-light-sensitive-signaling-pathway-mediated-via-a-melanopsin-trpc-channel-axis
#6
Katarina Ondrusova, Mohammad Fatehi, Amy Barr, Zofia Czarnecka, Wentong Long, Kunimasa Suzuki, Scott Campbell, Koenraad Philippaert, Matthew Hubert, Edward Tredget, Peter Kwan, Nicolas Touret, Martin Wabitsch, Kevin Y Lee, Peter E Light
Subcutaneous white adipose tissue (scWAT) is the major fat depot in humans and is a central player in regulating whole body metabolism. Skin exposure to UV wavelengths from sunlight is required for Vitamin D synthesis and pigmentation, although it is plausible that longer visible wavelengths that penetrate the skin may regulate scWAT function. In this regard, we discovered a novel blue light-sensitive current in human scWAT that is mediated by melanopsin coupled to transient receptor potential canonical cation channels...
November 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177690/obesity-and-regional-immigrant-density
#7
Scott D Emerson, Nicole S Carbert
Canada has an increasingly large immigrant population. Areas of higher immigrant density, may relate to immigrants' health through reduced acculturation to Western foods, greater access to cultural foods, and/or promotion of salubrious values/practices. It is unclear, however, whether an association exists between Canada-wide regional immigrant density and obesity among immigrants. Thus, we examined whether regional immigrant density was related to obesity, among immigrants. Adult immigrant respondents (n = 15,595) to a national population-level health survey were merged with region-level immigrant density data...
November 24, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173738/therapist-reported-features-of-exposure-tasks-that-predict-differential-treatment-outcomes-for-youth-with-anxiety
#8
Tara S Peris, Nicole E Caporino, Sarah O'Rourke, Philip C Kendall, John T Walkup, Anne Marie Albano, R Lindsey Bergman, James T McCracken, Boris Birmaher, Golda S Ginsburg, Dara Sakolsky, John Piacentini, Scott N Compton
OBJECTIVE: Exposure tasks are recognized widely as a key component of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for child and adolescent anxiety. However, little research has examined specific exposure characteristics that predict outcomes for youth with anxiety and that may guide its application in therapy. METHOD: This study draws on a sample of 279 children and adolescents (48.4% male; 79.6% white) with a principal anxiety disorder who received 14 sessions of CBT, either alone or in combination with medication, through the Child/adolescent Anxiety Multimodal treatment Study (CAMS)...
December 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173127/integrated-control-of-nymphal-ixodes-scapularis-effectiveness-of-white-tailed-deer-reduction-the-entomopathogenic-fungus-metarhizium-anisopliae-and-fipronil-based-rodent-bait-boxes
#9
Scott C Williams, Kirby C Stafford, Goudarz Molaei, Megan A Linske
Pathogens transmitted by ticks are the leading cause of arthropod-associated human diseases in the United States and managing the risk of exposure to potentially infected ticks is of vital public health importance. A 3-year integrated tick management program to control blacklegged ticks, Ixodes scapularis, the primary vector for the pathogenic agents of Lyme disease, human anaplasmosis, and babesiosis, was implemented in the town of Redding in southwestern Connecticut beginning in 2013. Combinations of white-tailed deer, Odocoileus virginianus, reduction, area application of the entomopathogenic fungus Metarhizium anisopliae, and fipronil-based rodent bait boxes were evaluated for their ability to reduce nymphal I...
November 27, 2017: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168653/utilizing-biomarkers-in-colorectal-cancer-an-interview-with-ajay-goel
#10
Ajay Goel
Ajay Goel, PhD, is a Professor and Director, Center for Gastrointestinal Research, and Director, Center for Translational Genomics and Oncology, at the Baylor Scott & White Research Institute, Baylor University Medical Center in Dallas, Texas. Dr Goel has spent more than 20 years researching cancer and has been the lead author or contributor to over 240 scientific articles published in peer-reviewed international journals and several book chapters. He is also a primary inventor on more than 15 international patents aimed at developing various biomarkers for the diagnosis, prognosis and prediction of gastrointestinal cancers...
November 23, 2017: Future Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167378/momentary-parental-stress-and-food-related-parenting-practices
#11
Jerica M Berge, Allan Tate, Amanda Trofholz, Angela R Fertig, Michael Miner, Scott Crow, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
BACKGROUND: Research suggests that stress and depressed mood are associated with food-related parenting practices (ie, parent feeding practices, types of food served at meals). However, current measures of parental stress, depressed mood, and food-related parenting practices are typically survey-based and assessed as static/unchanging characteristics, failing to account for fluctuations across time and context. Identifying momentary factors that influence parent food-related parenting practices will facilitate the development of effective interventions aimed at promoting healthy food-related parenting practices...
November 22, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162421/past-current-and-future-incidence-rates-and-burden-of-metastatic-prostate-cancer-in-the-united-states
#12
Scott P Kelly, William F Anderson, Philip S Rosenberg, Michael B Cook
BACKGROUND: Metastatic prostate cancer (PCA) remains a highly lethal malignancy in the USA. As prostate-specific antigen testing declines nationally, detailed assessment of current age- and race-specific incidence trends and quantitative forecasts are needed. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the current trends of metastatic PCA by age and race, and forecast the number of new cases (annual burden) and future trends. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: We derived incidence data for men aged ≥45 yr who were diagnosed with metastatic PCA from the population-based Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results registries...
November 18, 2017: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161626/the-effect-of-augmented-somatosensory-feedback-on-standing-postural-sway
#13
Angela Smalley, Scott C White, Robert Burkard
Impaired balance resulting from reduced postural control occurs with aging and various medical conditions. Sensory input for balance control is provided by the visual, vestibular and somatosensory systems. Previous research suggests that increased proprioceptive feedback from various lower extremity devices improves balance. Mixed results have been reported with the use of orthoses such as ankle foot orthoses (AFOs). In this study, 20 healthy subjects wore footplates in their shoes or straps around their lower legs in order to imitate the somatosensory feedback produced by wearing AFOs, but without providing ankle restriction...
November 14, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155019/the-risk-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-cirrhotic-patients-with-hepatitis-c-and-sustained-viral-response-role-of-the-treatment-regimen
#14
Hamish Innes, Stephen T Barclay, Peter C Hayes, Andrew Fraser, John F Dillon, Adrian Stanley, Andy Bathgate, Scott A McDonald, David Goldberg, Heather Valerio, Ray Fox, Nick Kennedy, Pete Bramley, Sharon J Hutchinson
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have reported a high frequency of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) occurrence in patients with advanced liver disease, after receipt of interferon(IFN)-free therapy for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Our objective was to verify and account for this phenomenon using data from the Scottish HCV Clinical Database. METHODS: We identified HCC-naïve individuals with liver cirrhosis receiving a course of antiviral therapy in Scotland from 1997-2016 resulting in a SVR...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151862/profiling-the-immunome-of-little-brown-myotis-provides-a-yardstick-for-measuring-the-genetic-response-to-white-nose-syndrome
#15
Michael E Donaldson, Christina M Davy, Craig K R Willis, Scott McBurney, Allysia Park, Christopher J Kyle
White-nose syndrome (WNS) has devastated populations of hibernating bats in eastern North America, leading to emergency conservation listings for several species including the previously ubiquitous little brown myotis (Myotis lucifugus). However, some bat populations near the epicenter of the WNS panzootic appear to be stabilizing after initial precipitous declines, which could reflect a selective immunogenetic sweep. To investigate the hypothesis that WNS exerts significant selection on the immunome of affected bat populations, we developed a novel, high-throughput sequence capture assay targeting 138 adaptive, intrinsic, and innate immunity genes of putative adaptive significance, as well as their respective regulatory regions (~370 kbp of genomic sequence/individual)...
December 2017: Evolutionary Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148973/the-somatically-generated-portion-of-the-t-cell-receptor-cdr3%C3%AE-contributes-to-the-mhc-allele-specificity-of-the-t-cell-receptor
#16
Philippa Marrack, Sai Harsha Krovi, Daniel Silberman, Janice White, Eleanor Kushnir, Maki Nakayama, James Crooks, Thomas Danhorn, Sonia Leach, Randy Anselment, James Scott-Browne, Laurent Gapin, John Kappler
Mature T cells bearing αβ T cell receptors react with foreign antigens bound to alleles of major histocompatibility complex proteins (MHC) that they were exposed to during their development in the thymus, a phenomenon known as positive selection. The structural basis for positive selection has long been debated. Here, using mice expressing one of two different T cell receptor β chains and various MHC alleles, we show that positive selection-induced MHC bias of T cell receptors is affected both by the germline encoded elements of the T cell receptor α and β chain and, surprisingly, dramatically affected by the non germ line encoded portions of CDR3 of the T cell receptor α chain...
November 17, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148835/2017-white-paper-on-recent-issues-in-bioanalysis-aren-t-bmv-guidance-guidelines-scientific-part-1-lcms-small-molecules-peptides-and-small-molecule-biomarkers
#17
Jan Welink, Eric Yang, Nicola Hughes, Brian Rago, Eric Woolf, Jens Sydor, Laura Coppola, Brad Ackermann, Wenkui Li, Stephen C Alley, Mark Arnold, Isabella Berger, Chad Briscoe, Michael Buonarati, Mark Bustard, Mark Cancilla, Seongeun Julia Cho, Jeff Duggan, Daniela Fraier, Fabio Garofolo, Rachel Green, Sam Haidar, Lucinda Hittle, Akiko Ishii-Watabe, Rafiq Islam, Rand Jenkins, Barry Jones, John Kadavil, Sean Kassim, Olga Kavetska, Olivier Le Blaye, Anita Lee, Hanlan Liu, John Mehl, Gustavo Mendes Lima Santos, Adrien Musuku, Ragu Ramanathan, Yoshiro Saito, Natasha Savoie, Scott Summerfield, Sekhar Surapaneni, Matthew Szapacs, Nilufer Tampal, Tom Verhaeghe, Stephen Vinter, Emma Whale
The 2017 11th Workshop on Recent Issues in Bioanalysis (11th WRIB) took place in Los Angeles/Universal City, California from 3 April 2017 to 7 April 2017 with participation of close to 750 professionals from pharmaceutical/biopharmaceutical companies, biotechnology companies, contract research organizations and regulatory agencies worldwide. WRIB was once again a 5-day, weeklong event - A Full Immersion Week of Bioanalysis, Biomarkers and Immunogenicity. As usual, it was specifically designed to facilitate sharing, reviewing, discussing and agreeing on approaches to address the most current issues of interest including both small and large molecule analysis involving LCMS, hybrid LBA/LCMS and ligand-binding assay (LBA) approaches...
November 17, 2017: Bioanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148144/systolic-blood-pressure-and-cardiovascular-outcomes-in-heart-failure-with-preserved-ejection-fraction-an-analysis-of-the-topcat-trial
#18
Senthil Selvaraj, Brian Claggett, Sanjiv J Shah, Inder Anand, Jean L Rouleau, Akshay S Desai, Eldrin F Lewis, Bertram Pitt, Nancy K Sweitzer, Marc A Pfeffer, Scott D Solomon
AIMS: Recent guidelines have advocated for stricter systolic blood pressure (SBP) control in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF), though data regarding the optimal SBP in HFpEF are sparse. METHODS AND RESULTS: We analysed participants from the Americas from the Treatment of Preserved Cardiac Function Heart Failure with an Aldosterone Antagonist (TOPCAT) study with available baseline and 8-week visit SBP data (n = 1645). We related baseline SBP to several efficacy and safety outcomes...
November 16, 2017: European Journal of Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142145/clinical-course-therapeutic-responses-and-outcomes-in-relapsing-mog-antibody-associated-demyelination
#19
Sudarshini Ramanathan, Shekeeb Mohammad, Esther Tantsis, Tina Kim Nguyen, Vera Merheb, Victor S C Fung, Owen Bruce White, Simon Broadley, Jeannette Lechner-Scott, Steve Vucic, Andrew P D Henderson, Michael Harry Barnett, Stephen W Reddel, Fabienne Brilot, Russell C Dale
OBJECTIVE: We characterised the clinical course, treatment and outcomes in 59 patients with relapsing myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) antibody-associated demyelination. METHODS: We evaluated clinical phenotypes, annualised relapse rates (ARR) prior and on immunotherapy and Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS), in 218 demyelinating episodes from 33 paediatric and 26 adult patients. RESULTS: The most common initial presentation in the cohort was optic neuritis (ON) in 54% (bilateral (BON) 32%, unilateral (UON) 22%), followed by acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) (20%), which occurred exclusively in children...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138237/natural-variation-in-ser1-and-ena6-underlie-condition-specific-growth-defects-in-saccharomyces%C3%A2-cerevisiae
#20
Amy Sirr, Adrian C Scott, Gareth A Cromie, Catherine L Ludlow, Vida Ahyong, Trey S Morgan, Teresa Gilbert, Aimée M Dudley
Despite their ubiquitous use in laboratory strains, naturally occurring loss-of-function mutations in genes encoding core metabolic enzymes are relatively rare in wild isolates of Saccharomyces cerevisiae Here, we identify a naturally occurring serine auxotrophy in a sake brewing strain from Japan. Through a cross with a honey wine (white tecc) brewing strain from Ethiopia, we map the minimal medium growth defect to SER1, which encodes 3-phosphoserine aminotransferase and is orthologous to the human disease gene, PSAT1 To investigate the impact of this polymorphism under conditions of abundant external nutrients, we examine growth in rich medium alone or with additional stresses, including the drugs caffeine and rapamycin and relatively high concentrations of copper, salt, and ethanol...
November 14, 2017: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
keyword
keyword
98280
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"