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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446383/development-and-validation-of-the-parenteral-nutrition-impact-questionnaire-pniq-a-patient-centric-outcome-measure-for-home-parenteral-nutrition
#1
Jeanette Wilburn, Stephen P McKenna, Alice Heaney, Matthew Rouse, Michael Taylor, Alison Culkin, Simon Gabe, Sorrel Burden, Simon Lal
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Patients with Type 3 Intestinal Failure (IF) who need Home Parenteral Nutrition (HPN) face several clinical, psychological and social problems. The study was designed to produce and test the first patient-centric measure for HPN ('PNIQ: Parenteral Nutrition Impact Questionnaire'). The new measure focused on the extent to which patients were able to fulfil their human needs. METHODS: Questionnaire content was derived from the analysis of transcripts of interviews conducted with UK HPN patients...
April 12, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443000/the-olfactory-system-revealed-non-invasive-mapping-by-using-constrained-spherical-deconvolution-tractography-in-healthy-humans
#2
Demetrio Milardi, Alberto Cacciola, Alessandro Calamuneri, Maria F Ghilardi, Fabrizia Caminiti, Filippo Cascio, Veronica Andronaco, Giuseppe Anastasi, Enricomaria Mormina, Alessandro Arrigo, Daniele Bruschetta, Angelo Quartarone
Although the olfactory sense has always been considered with less interest than the visual, auditive or somatic senses, it does plays a major role in our ordinary life, with important implication in dangerous situations or in social and emotional behaviors. Traditional Diffusion Tensor signal model and related tractography have been used in the past years to reconstruct the cranial nerves, including the olfactory nerve (ON). However, no supplementary information with regard to the pathways of the olfactory network have been provided...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroanatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428676/behavioral-problems-and-emotional-difficulties-at-children-and-early-adolescents-of-the-veterans-of-war-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#3
Zihnet Selimbasic, Osman Sinanovic, Esmina Avdibegovic, Maja Brkic, Jasmin Hamidovic
INTRODUCTION: Behavioral problems and emotional difficulties at children of the veterans of war with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have not been researched entirely. In our country, which has a lot of persons suffering from some psychological traumas, this trauma seems to continue. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the exposure, manifestations of behavioral problems and emotional difficulties at children and early adolescents, whose fathers were the veterans of war demonstrating post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms...
February 2017: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426321/hansae-vietnam-s-garment-factory-latest-example-of-how-corporate-social-responsibility-has-failed-to-protect-workers
#4
Garrett Brown
A Korean-operated garment factory complex in Vietnam was subject to 26 separate corporate social responsibility (CSR) audits in 2015. However, thorough inspections by two other non-governmental organizations in 2016 found numerous violations of Vietnamese occupational health and safety and labor laws as well as violations of the corporate codes of conduct of the international clothing brands which source apparel from the facility. The 2016 investigations indicate the lack of efficacy of the 2015 CSR audits and call into question whether voluntary CSR programs and audits by for-profit CSR monitoring companies can effectively protect the health, safety and legal rights of workers in global supply chains...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413777/sex-differences-in-the-interacting-roles-of-impulsivity-and-positive-alcohol-expectancy-in-problem-drinking-a-structural-brain-imaging-study
#5
Jaime S Ide, Simon Zhornitsky, Sien Hu, Sheng Zhang, John H Krystal, Chiang-Shan R Li
Alcohol expectancy and impulsivity are implicated in alcohol misuse. However, how these two risk factors interact to determine problem drinking and whether men and women differ in these risk processes remain unclear. In 158 social drinkers (86 women) assessed for Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test (AUDIT), positive alcohol expectancy, and Barratt impulsivity, we examined sex differences in these risk processes. Further, with structural brain imaging, we examined the neural bases underlying the relationship between these risk factors and problem drinking...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402231/a-comparison-of-interventional-approaches-for-increasing-power-take-off-shielding-on-ny-farms
#6
Julie A Sorensen, Pamela J Tinc, Deb Dalton, Erika E Scott, Paul L Jenkins
OBJECTIVE: Power take-off (PTO) driveline entanglements are a primary source of injury on US farms. As with many farm injury concerns, hazard control technology is widely available for mitigating the risk of these entanglements. Despite the availability of hazard control technology, PTO shields are damaged or missing on approximately 57% of PTO driveline implements in New York. Given the catastrophic nature of entanglements and the ready access to safety technology, a better understanding of what motivates farmers to install or replace PTO shields is warranted...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390032/a%C3%A2-qualitative-study-of-undergraduate-clerkships-in-the-intensive-care-unit-it-s-a%C3%A2-brand-new-world
#7
Enda O'Connor, Michael Moore, Walter Cullen, Peter Cantillon
INTRODUCTION: While ICU clerkships are commonplace in undergraduate medical education, little is known about how students learn there. This study aimed to explore students' perceptions of the ICU as a learning environment, the factors influencing their learning and any perceived differences between learning in the ICU and non-ICU settings. METHODS: We used interpretivist methodology, a social cognitive theoretical framework and a qualitative descriptive strategy...
April 7, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389844/neighbourhood-green-space-social-environment-and-mental-health-an-examination-in-four-european-cities
#8
Annemarie Ruijsbroek, Sigrid M Mohnen, Mariël Droomers, Hanneke Kruize, Christopher Gidlow, Regina Gražulevičiene, Sandra Andrusaityte, Jolanda Maas, Mark J Nieuwenhuijsen, Margarita Triguero-Mas, Daniel Masterson, Naomi Ellis, Elise van Kempen, Wim Hardyns, Karien Stronks, Peter P Groenewegen
OBJECTIVES: This study examines the relationship between neighbourhood green space, the neighbourhood social environment (social cohesion, neighbourhood attachment, social contacts), and mental health in four European cities. METHODS: The PHENOTYPE study was carried out in 2013 in Barcelona (Spain), Stoke-on-Trent (United Kingdom), Doetinchem (The Netherlands), and Kaunas (Lithuania). 3771 adults living in 124 neighbourhoods answered questions on mental health, neighbourhood social environment, and amount and quality of green space...
April 7, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389327/interactions-of-psychosocial-factors-with-built-environments-in-explaining-adolescents-active-transportation
#9
Xiaobo Wang, Terry L Conway, Kelli L Cain, Lawrence D Frank, Brian E Saelens, Carrie Geremia, Jacqueline Kerr, Karen Glanz, Jordan A Carlson, James F Sallis
The present study examined independent and interacting associations of psychosocial and neighborhood built environment variables with adolescents' reported active transportation. Moderating effects of adolescent sex were explored. Mixed-effects regression models were conducted on data from the Teen Environment and Neighborhood observational study (N=928) in the Seattle, WA and Baltimore regions 2009-2011. Frequency index of active transportation to neighborhood destinations (dependent variable) and 7 psychosocial measures were reported by adolescents...
April 4, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375590/medicaid-program-disproportionate-share-hospital-payments-treatment-of-third-party-payers-in-calculating-uncompensated-care-costs-final-rule
#10
(no author information available yet)
This final rule addresses the hospital-specific limitation on Medicaid disproportionate share hospital (DSH) payments under section 1923(g)(1)(A) of the Social Security Act (Act), and the application of such limitation in the annual DSH audits required under section 1923(j) of the Act, by clarifying that the hospital-specific DSH limit is based only on uncompensated care costs. Specifically, this rule makes explicit in the text of the regulation, an existing interpretation that uncompensated care costs include only those costs for Medicaid eligible individuals that remain after accounting for payments made to hospitals by or on behalf of Medicaid eligible individuals, including Medicare and other third party payments that compensate the hospitals for care furnished to such individuals...
April 3, 2017: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363924/tobacco-control-environment-cross-sectional-survey-of-policy-implementation-social-unacceptability-knowledge-of-tobacco-health-harms-and-relationship-to-quit-ratio-in-17-low-income-middle-income-and-high-income-countries
#11
Clara K Chow, Daniel J Corsi, Anna B Gilmore, Annamarie Kruger, Ehimario Igumbor, Jephat Chifamba, Wang Yang, Li Wei, Romaina Iqbal, Prem Mony, Rajeev Gupta, Krishnapillai Vijayakumar, V Mohan, Rajesh Kumar, Omar Rahman, Khalid Yusoff, Noorhassim Ismail, Katarzyna Zatonska, Yuksel Altuntas, Annika Rosengren, Ahmad Bahonar, AfzalHussein Yusufali, Gilles Dagenais, Scott Lear, Rafael Diaz, Alvaro Avezum, Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo, Fernando Lanas, Sumathy Rangarajan, Koon Teo, Martin McKee, Salim Yusuf
OBJECTIVES: This study examines in a cross-sectional study 'the tobacco control environment' including tobacco policy implementation and its association with quit ratio. SETTING: 545 communities from 17 high-income, upper-middle, low-middle and low-income countries (HIC, UMIC, LMIC, LIC) involved in the Environmental Profile of a Community's Health (EPOCH) study from 2009 to 2014. PARTICIPANTS: Community audits and surveys of adults (35-70 years, n=12 953)...
March 31, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329819/development-of-a-physical-environmental-observational-tool-for-dining-environments-in-long-term-care-settings
#12
Habib Chaudhury, Heather Keller, Kaylen Pfisterer, Lillian Hung
Purpose: This paper presents the first standardized physical environmental assessment tool titled Dining Environment Audit Protocol (DEAP) specifically designed for dining spaces in care homes and reports the results of its psychometric properties. Items rated include: adequacy of lighting, glare, personal control, clutter, staff supervision support, restraint use, and seating arrangement option for social interaction. Two scales summarize the prior items and rate the overall homelikeness and functionality of the space...
February 20, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323579/who-experiences-seclusion-an-examination-of-demographics-and-duration-in-a-public-acute-inpatient-mental-health-service
#13
Jacinta Chavulak, Melissa Petrakis
Restrictive interventions such as seclusion may occur during an acute mental health crisis. Such interventions are experienced by people as traumatic and counter to recovery. The current study aimed to investigate the use of seclusion and who was secluded amongst patients presenting with psychotic symptomology. All acute inpatient admissions were examined across a 12-month period January-December 2013. Electronic and paper records were accessed and audited for all 655 admissions. There were 91 admissions that included a seclusion and 200 seclusion events...
March 21, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315201/user-characteristics-of-a-smartphone-app-to-reduce-alcohol-consumption
#14
Claire Garnett, David Crane, Robert West, Susan Michie, Jamie Brown, Adam Winstock
Digital interventions are available to help people reduce their alcohol consumption, but it is not known who uses these interventions and how this treatment-seeking group compares with the general population of drinkers. The study objective was to compare the socio-demographic and drinking characteristics of users of the 'Drinks Meter' smartphone app with the general population of drinkers in England and website users of the same intervention. Data were used from the Drinks Meter app and website, and a nationally representative cross-sectional survey in England (Alcohol Toolkit Study)...
March 17, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306729/a-cooperative-function-for-multisensory-stimuli-in-the-induction-of-approach-behavior-of-a-potential-mate
#15
Anders Ågmo, Eelke M S Snoeren
Intrasexual competition is an important element of natural selection in which the most attractive conspecific has a considerable reproductive advantage over the others. The conspecifics that are approached first often become the preferred mate partners, and could thus from a biological perspective have a reproductive advantage. This underlines the importance of the initial approach and raises the question of what induces this approach, or what makes a conspecific attractive. Identification of the sensory modalities crucial for the activation of approach is necessary for elucidating the central nervous processes involved in the activation of sexual motivation and eventually copulatory behavior...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288634/understanding-the-implementation-and-adoption-of-a-technological-intervention-to-improve-medication-safety-in-primary-care-a-realist-evaluation
#16
Mark Jeffries, Denham L Phipps, Rachel L Howard, Anthony J Avery, Sarah Rodgers, Darren M Ashcroft
BACKGROUND: Monitoring for potentially hazardous prescribing is increasingly important to improve medication safety. Healthcare information technology can be used to achieve this aim, for example by providing access to prescribing data through surveillance of patients' electronic health records. The aim of our study was to examine the implementation and adoption of an electronic medicines optimisation system that was intended to facilitate clinical audit in primary care by identifying patients at risk of an adverse drug event...
March 14, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285719/-exploring-joint-attention-processes-in-young-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#17
A de Gaulmyn, R Miljkovitch, M Montreuil
OBJECTIVES: Symptoms in autism, a neurodevelopmental disorder, appear at an early age. Research consensus shows impairments in communication and especially joint attention, defined as the capacity to intentionally share attention between two persons or a person and an object. Recent studies in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) focus on infants' processes associated to joint attention, such as visual and auditive regulation, attentional engagement and social motivation. The present research's objective is to examine the role of these factors in joint attention...
March 9, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278218/predictors-of-and-reasons-for-attempts-to-reduce-alcohol-intake-a-population-survey-of-adults-in-england
#18
Emma Beard, Jamie Brown, Eileen Kaner, Robert West, Susan Michie
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the predictors among high-risk drinkers in England of attempts to reduce alcohol consumption, the reasons given for these attempts and the association between the various reasons and alcohol consumption. METHOD: Data came from 2,800 high-risk drinkers taking part in the Alcohol Toolkit Study (ATS) between March 2014 and November 2016 who were attempting to reduce their alcohol consumption. Participants completed the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) and were asked questions regarding their socio-demographic characteristics, attempts to cut down and reasons for doing so...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270153/audit-of-mammography-requests-in-abakaliki-south-east-nigeria
#19
U E Eni, K C Ekwedigwe, I Sunday-Adeoye, Abc Daniyan, M E Isikhuemen
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the leading cancer in women in both developed and developing countries. Screening mammography detects breast cancer even before a lump can be palpated, with better prognosis. The introduction of mammographic technique for screening breast cancer, despite its importance, has been slow to adopt and virtually non-existent in many parts of Sub-Saharan Africa including Nigeria. For this reason, the indications of mammography have not been well defined in our setting...
March 7, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264594/chronic-subdural-haematomas-a-single-centre-experience-developing-an-integrated-care-pathway
#20
Smita Bapat, Jonathan Shapey, Ahmed Toma, Louise Platt, Astri Maria Valpuri Luoma
OBJECTIVE: To improve quality of care for patients presenting with chronic subdural haematoma (CSDH) by introducing a multi-disciplinary integrated care pathway. SUMMARY BACKGROUND: CSDH is a common neurological condition. Incidence rises with age and currently affects around 58/100 000 people over 70 years. Six-month mortality is high (26%), however integrated care pathways have been shown to improve patient outcomes in other surgical subspecialties. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A baseline retrospective audit completed in 2012 identified areas for improvement in patient management...
March 6, 2017: British Journal of Neurosurgery
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