keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Social audit

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218007/cognitive-communication-disorder-following-right-hemisphere-stroke-exploring-rehabilitation-access-and-outcomes
#1
Ronelle Hewetson, Petrea Cornwell, David Shum
BACKGROUND: Rehabilitation positively influences return to activities and social roles in people with aphasia. The cognitive-communication disorder (CCD) found following a right hemisphere stroke has been less extensively researched with rehabilitation access and outcomes yet to be determined. OBJECTIVES: To document rehabilitation access and outcomes for people with CCD post-stroke; and compare outcomes based on presence (viz CCD; aphasia) or absence of communication impairment...
February 20, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215286/the-development-of-tactile-perception
#2
A J Bremner, C Spence
Touch is the first of our senses to develop, providing us with the sensory scaffold on which we come to perceive our own bodies and our sense of self. Touch also provides us with direct access to the external world of physical objects, via haptic exploration. Furthermore, a recent area of interest in tactile research across studies of developing children and adults is its social function, mediating interpersonal bonding. Although there are a range of demonstrations of early competence with touch, particularly in the domain of haptics, the review presented here indicates that many of the tactile perceptual skills that we take for granted as adults (e...
2017: Advances in Child Development and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209283/community-audit-of-social-civil-and-activity-domains-in-diverse-environments-cascadde
#3
Emily A Knapp, Claudia Nau, Sy Brandau, Joseph DeWalle, Annemarie G Hirsch, Lisa Bailey-Davis, Brian S Schwartz, Thomas A Glass
There are currently no direct observation environmental audit tools that measure diverse aspects of the obesity-related environment efficiently and reliably in a variety of geographic settings. The goal was to develop a new instrument to reliably characterize the overall properties and features of rural, suburban, and urban settings along multiple dimensions. The Community Audit of Social, Civil, and Activity Domains in Diverse Environments (CASCADDE) is an iPad-based instrument that incorporates GPS coordinates and photography and comprises 214 items yielding seven summary indices...
February 10, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209210/a-direct-observation-method-for-auditing-large-urban-centers-using-stratified-sampling-mobile-gis-technology-and-virtual-environments
#4
Sean J V Lafontaine, M Sawada, Elizabeth Kristjansson
BACKGROUND: With the expansion and growth of research on neighbourhood characteristics, there is an increased need for direct observational field audits. Herein, we introduce a novel direct observational audit method and systematic social observation instrument (SSOI) for efficiently assessing neighbourhood aesthetics over large urban areas. METHODS: Our audit method uses spatial random sampling stratified by residential zoning and incorporates both mobile geographic information systems technology and virtual environments...
February 16, 2017: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182080/cytopathology-practice-in-kumasi-a-2-year-retrospective-audit
#5
Babatunde M Duduyemi, Osei Owusu-Afriyie, Kwabena O Danquah, Derick Na Osakunor
AIM: Surgical pathology service is generally unavailable in most developing countries and comes with challenges. Cytopathology is a reliable, inexpensive adjunct to surgical histopathology. We present a retrospective review of the various cytopathology cases received at the department. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of 836 cytopathology cases from January 2010 to December 2011 at the Department of Pathology of our hospital was conducted. All cytopathology reports and records from the department were retrieved and analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences version 16 for windows...
January 2017: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181205/alcohol-and-other-drug-use-in-older-adults-results-from-a-community-needs-assessment
#6
Emily Loscalzo, Robert C Sterling, Stephen P Weinstein, Brooke Salzman
BACKGROUND: With the "Baby Boomer" generation reaching older adulthood, substance abuse treatment providers find themselves needing to address the unique needs of this population. Heavy drinking in adults ages 65 and over is strongly correlated with depression, anxiety, decreased social support, and poor health. However, while alcohol misuse has been shown to be predictive of a lower quality of life in older adults, the generalizability of these findings to urban dwelling, lower socioeconomic status individuals remains unclear...
February 8, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159440/one-year-sobriety-improves-satisfaction-with-life-executive-functions-and-psychological-distress-among-patients-with-polysubstance-use-disorder
#7
Egon Hagen, Aleksander H Erga, Katrin P Hagen, Sverre M Nesvåg, James R McKay, Astri J Lundervold, Espen Walderhaug
INTRODUCTION: Polysubstance use disorder is prevalent in treatment-seeking patients with substance use disorder (SUD), with a higher risk of developing comorbid psychiatric symptoms, more pervasive deficits in cognitive functions, and inferior treatment results. The present study investigates if individuals with polysubstance use disorder who achieve at least one year of abstinence show greater improvements in satisfaction with life, executive functions, and psychological distress, compared to relapsers and controls...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152900/hardwiring-advance-directives-into-an-electronic-medical-record
#8
Tyler Buckley, Andrew Badke, Amy Horyna, Julie Howell, Lisa Gren, Anna Catherine Beck
: 146 Background: Patient preference at the end of life has been extensively researched and documented. Advance Directives (AD) have been shown to make a difference for patients in the areas of quality, cost, and patient satisfaction. Organizations struggle with meeting federal laws and accreditation expectations due to our complex systems. Literature supports "hardwiring" AD documentation into the EMR and providing "one click" accessibility to AD's. Changing EMR vendors provides a unique opportunity to optimize access to AD's, both through patient education /endorsement, review of providers' role, and engagement of IT...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129756/a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-protocol-of-an-adapted-intervention-for-alcohol-use-disorders-in-people-living-with-hiv-and-aids-impact-on-alcohol-use-general-functional-ability-quality-of-life-and-adherence-to-haart
#9
Munyaradzi Madhombiro, Bazondlile Dube-Marimbe, Michelle Dube, Dixon Chibanda, Moleen Zunza, Simbarashe Rusakaniko, David Stewart, Soraya Seedat
BACKGROUND: Interventions for alcohol use disorders (AUDs) in HIV infected individuals have been primarily targeted at HIV risk reduction and improved antiretroviral treatment adherence. However, reduction in alcohol use is an important goal. Alcohol use affects other key factors that may influence treatment course and outcome. In this study the authors aim to administer an adapted intervention for AUDs to reduce alcohol use in people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). METHODS: This study is a cluster randomised controlled trial at 16 HIV care clinics...
January 28, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088222/clinical-importance-of-personality-difficulties-diagnostically-sub-threshold-personality-disorders
#10
Max Karukivi, Tero Vahlberg, Kalle Horjamo, Minna Nevalainen, Jyrki Korkeila
BACKGROUND: Current categorical classification of personality disorders has been criticized for overlooking the dimensional nature of personality and that it may miss some sub-threshold personality disturbances of clinical significance. We aimed to evaluate the clinical importance of these conditions. For this, we used a simple four-level dimensional categorization based on the severity of personality disturbance. METHODS: The sample consisted of 352 patients admitted to mental health services...
January 14, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086813/information-exchange-networks-of-health-care-providers-and-evidence-based-cardiovascular-risk-management-an-observational-study
#11
Naomi Heijmans, Jan van Lieshout, Michel Wensing
BACKGROUND: Although a wide range of preventive and clinical interventions has targeted cardiovascular risk management (CVRM), outcomes remain suboptimal. Therefore, the question is what additional determinants of CVRM and outcomes can be identified and addressed to optimize CVRM. In this study, we aimed to identify new perspectives for improving healthcare delivery and explored associations between information exchange networks of health care providers and evidence-based CVRM. METHODS: This observational study was performed parallel to a randomized clinical trial which aimed to improve professional performance of practice nurses in the Netherlands...
January 13, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069045/improving-nursing-home-care-through-feedback-on-performance-data-inform-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#12
Matthias Hoben, Peter G Norton, Liane R Ginsburg, Ruth A Anderson, Greta G Cummings, Holly J Lanham, Janet E Squires, Deanne Taylor, Adrian S Wagg, Carole A Estabrooks
BACKGROUND: Audit and feedback is effective in improving the quality of care. However, methods and results of international studies are heterogeneous, and studies have been criticized for a lack of systematic use of theory. In TREC (Translating Research in Elder Care), a longitudinal health services research program, we collect comprehensive data from care providers and residents in Canadian nursing homes to improve quality of care and life of residents, and quality of worklife of caregivers...
January 10, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068978/effectiveness-of-the-yourcall%C3%A2-text-message-intervention-to-reduce-harmful-drinking-in-patients-discharged-from-trauma-wards-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
Shanthi Ameratunga, Bridget Kool, Sarah Sharpe, Papaarangi Reid, Arier Lee, Ian Civil, Gordon Smith, Vanessa Thornton, Matthew Walker, Robyn Whittaker
BACKGROUND: Behavioural brief interventions (BI) can support people to reduce harmful drinking but multiple barriers impede the delivery and equitable access to these. To address this challenge, we developed YourCall™, a novel short message service (SMS) text message intervention incorporating BI principles. This protocol describes a trial evaluating the effectiveness of YourCall™ (compared to usual care) in reducing hazardous drinking and alcohol related harm among injured adults who received in-patient care...
January 9, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045222/correspondent-functional-topography-of-the-human-left-inferior-parietal-lobule-at-rest-and-under-task-revealed-using-resting-state-fmri-and-coactivation-based-parcellation
#14
Jiaojian Wang, Sangma Xie, Xin Guo, Benjamin Becker, Peter T Fox, Simon B Eickhoff, Tianzi Jiang
The human left inferior parietal lobule (LIPL) plays a pivotal role in many cognitive functions and is an important node in the default mode network (DMN). Although many previous studies have proposed different parcellation schemes for the LIPL, the detailed functional organization of the LIPL and the exact correspondence between the DMN and LIPL subregions remain unclear. Mounting evidence indicates that spontaneous fluctuations in the brain are strongly associated with cognitive performance at the behavioral level...
January 3, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033142/sbirt-screening-brief-intervention-and-referral-to-treatment-among-trauma-patients-a-review-of-the-inpatient-process-and-patient-experience
#15
Erin K Gormican, Zahra S Hussein
Screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) is an important and effective strategy among injury prevention measures aimed at reducing risky alcohol use (). The trauma patient population is at significant risk for alcohol-related trauma recidivism () and is therefore a priority group in which to implement SBIRT. Vancouver General Hospital (VGH) implemented SBIRT on its 2 inpatient trauma units in the fall of 2014. The alcohol use disorders screening test (AUDIT-C) was chosen as the screening tool for nurses to complete with new patients...
January 2017: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027668/social-determinants-of-health-and-retention-in-hiv-care-in-a-clinical-cohort-in-ontario-canada
#16
Beth Rachlis, Ann N Burchell, Sandra Gardner, Lucia Light, Janet Raboud, Tony Antoniou, Jean Bacon, Anita Benoit, Curtis Cooper, Claire Kendall, Mona Loutfy, Wendy Wobeser, Frank McGee, Anita Rachlis, Sean B Rourke
: Continuous HIV care supports antiretroviral therapy initiation and adherence, and prolongs survival. We investigated the association of social determinants of health (SDH) and subsequent retention in HIV care in a clinical cohort in Ontario, Canada. The Ontario HIV Treatment Network Cohort Study is a multi-site cohort of patients at 10 HIV clinics. Data were collected from medical charts, interviews, and via record linkage with the provincial public health laboratory for viral load tests...
December 27, 2016: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993259/-alcohol-consumption-in-the-colombian-population-2015-national-mental-health-survey
#17
Ricardo Andrés de la Espriella Guerrero, Viviana Rodriguez, Carlos J Rincón, Diana Cabrera Morales, Sandy Johanna Pérez Rodríguez, Carlos Gómez-Restrepo
INTRODUCTION: National Survey of Mental Health (ENSM) in 2015 in Colombia asks, among other conditions, about alcohol consumption in people 12-17 years old, and 18 and older. Data were presented by age and region, with no cross-references to other categories of mental health problems, disorders, access to services, and health status. OBJECTIVE: To assess alcohol consumption in Colombia, taking into account sociodemographic and clinical screening categories included...
December 2016: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982468/lamp-lighters-and-sidewalk-smoothers-how-individual-residents-contribute-to-the-maintenance-of-the-urban-commons
#18
Daniel T O'Brien
Research on collective efficacy in urban neighborhoods has focused predominantly on whether a community can regulate local behavior and spaces and less on how they do so. This study pursues the latter question by examining the social regularities that create collective efficacy, measured as the behavioral composition of a neighborhood (i.e., the extent to which each individual contributes to a social regularity). This perspective is applied to the database of requests for non-emergency government services received by Boston, MA's 311 system in 2011 (>160,000 requests)...
December 2016: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974915/spatial-distribution-and-the-prevalence-of-speech-disorders-in-the-provinces-of-iran
#19
REVIEW
I Hurjui, S Pete, I Bostan
The paper reveals the presence of certain factors that generate inefficiency - in the area of government programmes for labor market inclusion of persons with disabilities (PWD) -, as outlined by the specific instruments of the (external) public performance audit. The identified causes are mostly related to the fact that the drawing up of the necessary budgets for projects related to the social and professional integration of persons with disabilities was not based on the local needs and, thus, the available material, financial and human resources have been overlooked...
January 2016: Journal of Medicine and Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957661/-it-s-been-an-experience-a-life-learning-experience-a-qualitative-study-of-hospitalized-patients-with-substance-use-disorders
#20
Christine M Velez, Christina Nicolaidis, P Todd Korthuis, Honora Englander
BACKGROUND: Individuals with substance use disorders (SUD) have high rates of chronic illness and readmission, yet few are engaged in addiction treatment. Hospitalization may be a reachable moment for initiating and coordinating addiction care, but little is known about motivation for change in the inpatient setting. OBJECTIVE: To explore the experiences of hospitalized adults with SUD and to better understand patient and system level factors impacting readiness for change...
December 12, 2016: Journal of General Internal Medicine
keyword
keyword
98278
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"