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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732307/a-multisite-audit-to-assess-how-women-with-complex-social-factors-access-and-engage-with-maternity-services
#1
Hannah Rayment-Jones, Eleanor Butler, Chelsie Miller, Christine Nay, Jennifer O'Dowd
OBJECTIVE: to audit women with socially complex lives' documented access to and engagement with antenatal care provided by three inner city, UK maternity services in relation to birth and neonatal outcomes, and referral processes. BACKGROUND: women living socially complex lives, including young mothers, recently arrived immigrants, non-English speaking, and those experiencing domestic violence, poor mental health, drug and alcohol abuse, and poverty experience high rates of morbidity, mortality and poor birth outcomes...
June 27, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730750/improving-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-glycaemic-outcomes-is-possible-without-spending-more-on-medication-lessons-from-the-uk-national-diabetes-audit
#2
Adrian H Heald, Mark Livingston, Nagaraj Malipatil, Michal Becher, Joyce Craig, Mike Stedman, Anthony A Fryer
OBJECTIVES: There is continuing discussion globally about how to optimise outcomes for type 2 diabetes (T2DM) patients. In the UK, national (NICE) guidance was updated in 2016 (NG28). We aimed to determine the factors at a GP practice level that relate to glycaemic control outcome. METHODS: Data was accessed from 4,050 GP practices (GPP) (50% of total) covering 1.6 million T2DM patients in the UK National Diabetes Audit 2013-14 and 2014-15. This reported T2DM population characteristics, services and outcomes, including % total glycaemic control (TGC) (at 67...
July 20, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728037/including-the-online-feedback-site-patient-opinion-in-the-nursing-curriculum-exploratory-study
#3
Ray Jones, Kim Young, James Munro, Heather Miller, Stephanie Brelsford, Jennie Aronsson, Benny Goodman, Jane Peters
BACKGROUND: Globally, universities aim to involve people who use health services to enrich the nursing curriculum for students, but there can be barriers to this involvement. Many also want students to contribute to local communities. Online communication can help connect students to service users to achieve these aims. The online British patient feedback site, Patient Opinion, gathers comments from service users about services and encourages service responses to the comments. OBJECTIVES: To explore the feasibility and acceptability of five ways of including Patient Opinion in the undergraduate nursing curriculum...
July 12, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711646/rural-rotations-at-core-rarefied-exposure-or-real-experience
#4
Christopher Brown, Tarig Abdelrahman, Neil Patel, Awen Iorwerth, John Pollitt, Mark Holt, Wyn G Lewis
OBJECTIVE: Surgical rotations involving rural General Hospitals (rGH) are frequently associated with recruitment challenges, partly because of adverse perceptions regarding distances from social support networks and training opportunities. The aim of this study was to determine the outcomes of core surgical training rotations involving rGHs when compared with urban hospitals in a single UK Deanery. DESIGN: Online Intercollegiate Surgical Curriculum Programme portfolios from 163 core surgical trainees (CST) were examined related to postlocation, operative experience, workplace-based assessments, and academic achievement...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675116/acute-alcohol-effects-on-explicit-and-implicit-motivation-to-drink-alcohol-in-socially-drinking-adolescents
#5
Elisabeth Jünger, Amir-Homayoun Javadi, Corinde E Wiers, Christian Sommer, Maria Garbusow, Nadine Bernhardt, Sören Kuitunen-Paul, Michael N Smolka, Ulrich S Zimmermann
Alcohol-related cues can evoke explicit and implicit motivation to drink alcohol. Concerning the links between explicit and implicit motivation, there are mixed findings. Therefore, we investigated both concepts in 51 healthy 18- to 19-year-old males, who are less affected by neuropsychological deficits in decision-making that are attributed to previous alcohol exposure than older participants. In a randomized crossover design, adolescents were infused with either alcohol or placebo. Self-ratings of alcohol desire, thirst, well-being and alcohol effects comprised our explicit measures of motivation...
July 2017: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655803/increasing-access-to-family-planning-choices-through-public-sector-social-franchising-the-experience-of-marie-stopes-international-in-mali
#6
Judy Gold, Eva Burke, Boubacar Cissé, Anna Mackay, Gillian Eva, Brendan Hayes
BACKGROUND: Mali has one of the world's lowest contraceptive use rates and a high rate of unmet need for family planning. In order to increase access to and choice of quality family planning services, Marie Stopes International (MSI) Mali introduced social franchising in public-sector community health centers (referred to as CSCOMs in Mali) in 3 regions under the MSI brand BlueStar. PROGRAM DESCRIPTION: Potential franchisees are generally identified from CSCOMs who have worked with MSI outreach teams; once accredited as franchisees, CSCOMs receive training, supervision, family planning consumables and commodities, and support for awareness raising and demand creation...
June 27, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648993/relationship-of-drinking-motives-with-alcohol-consumption-and-alcohol-related-problems-identified-in-a-representative-community-based-study-from-ningxia-china
#7
Hui G Cheng, Michael R Phillips, Yuhong Zhang, Zhizhong Wang
BACKGROUND: Drinking motives have been linked to alcohol consumption and drinking-related problems in western countries, but evidence about this relationship is largely lacking for Asian countries. We aim to assess the relationship between drinking motives and drinking-related outcomes in China, where alcohol use disorders are an increasingly important contributor to the overall burden of illness. METHODS: Validated Chinese versions of the Drinking Motives Questionnaire-Revised (DMQ-R) and the Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test (AUDIT) were used to assess drinking motives and drinking-related outcomes among 612 current drinkers identified from a cross-sectional survey of a representative sample of 2425 adults living in Ningxia Province in 2013...
June 13, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647879/disposal-of-household-pharmaceuticals-in-insular-communities-social-attitude-behaviour-evaluation-and-prevention-activities
#8
Antonis A Zorpas, Maria Dimitriou, Irene Voukkali
The increase in medicine and drug consumption have resulted in identifying these emerging pollutants in all aquatic compartments, ranging from surface water and groundwater resources to the marine environment. Pharmaceuticals are an indispensable part of life today. A large number of pharmaceuticals are used in a daily basis in the treatment, prevention, cure or diagnosis of diseases or to otherwise enhance people's physical or mental well-being. This paper focuses on the evaluation of the attitude of citizens in Cyprus regarding the disposal of pharmaceuticals as well as to identify the main reasons why pharmaceutical wastes are produced...
June 25, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639494/status-of-mental-health-services-for-adolescents-with-psychiatric-morbidity-in-youth-correctional-institutions-in-lagos
#9
Olayinka Atilola, Bolanle Ola, Gbonjubola Abiri, Modepeola Sahid-Adebambo, Olubukayo Odukoya, Abiodun Adewuya, Olurotimi Coker, Oluwadamilola Folarin, Adedolapo Fasawe
BACKGROUND: High prevalence rates of psychiatric morbidity have been documented among adolescents within youth correctional institutions in Nigeria. However, there has not been prior investigation to determine the capacity for and nature of mental health services being provided in these institutions. OBJECTIVES: To assess psychiatric morbidity among adolescents within youth correctional institutions in Lagos, while simultaneously examining the capacity for and the scope of mental health services...
May 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637097/coding-proforma-in-tnflo-clinic-from-a-uk-center-an-audit-of-85-procedures
#10
Hassan Mohammed, David Chrastek, Liam Masterson, Ramez Nassif
Within the NHS and other health service providers, alphanumeric clinical coding has been introduced as a common language to interpret and compare mortality and morbidity data (1) . The two systems of clinical coding commonly utilised are the International Classification of Diseases 10 (ICD-10) devised by the World Health Organisation(1) and the Office of Population Censuses and Surveys 4 (OPCS-4) published in the UK by the Health and Social Care Information Centre (2) . This article is protected by copyright...
June 21, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632303/audition-specific-temporal-processing-deficits-associated-with-language-function-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#11
Jennifer H Foss-Feig, Kimberly B Schauder, Alexandra P Key, Mark T Wallace, Wendy L Stone
Sensory processing alterations are highly prevalent in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Neurobiologically-based theories of ASD propose that abnormalities in the processing of temporal aspects of sensory input could underlie core symptoms of ASD. For example, rapid auditory temporal processing is critical for speech perception, and language difficulties are central to the social communication deficits defining the disorder. This study assessed visual and auditory temporal processing abilities and tested their relation to core ASD symptoms...
June 20, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622114/the-role-of-age-and-setting-in-adolescents-first-drinking-experience-for-predicting-college-problem-drinking
#12
Jeffrey P Yaeger, Megan A Moreno
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the reliability of longitudinally reporting age at first drink (AFD), and to test AFD and setting of first drink (SFD) as predictors of collegiate problem drinking. PARTICIPANTS: 338 first-year college students were interviewed multiple times during their first academic year, from May 2011 through August 2012. METHODS: AFD, SFD, and problem drinking were measured using the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) during the first year of college...
June 16, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615757/an-audit-of-indian-health-insurance-claims-for-mental-illness-from-pooled-insurance-information-bureau-s-macroindicator-data
#13
Anusa Arunachalam Mohandoss, Rooban Thavarajah
INTRODUCTION: Information on the social and voluntary insurance coverage of mental illness in India is scarce. We attempted to address this lacuna, utilizing a secondary macrodata approach for 3 years. Mental illness per se is not covered by most of existing Indian health insurance policies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Publicly available de-identified claim macrodata for all health (nonlife) insurance for Indian financial year from 2011-2012 to 2013-2014 were collected...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609257/characteristics-of-participants-enrolled-onto-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-palliative-care-for-patients-on-phase-i-studies
#14
Betty R Ferrell, Carly L Paterson, Mark T Hughes, Vincent Chung, Marianna Koczywas, Thomas J Smith
INTRODUCTION: Advanced cancer patients participating in phase 1 clinical trials experience considerable symptom burden. Palliative care (PC) may benefit these individuals by providing supportive care during clinical research participation. This study investigates integration of a PC intervention among phase 1 trial participants with advanced cancer. METHODS AND MATERIALS: This study is a multisite randomized clinical trial testing a concurrent PC intervention among phase 1 trial participants...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575029/new-evidence-about-the-dark-side-of-social-cohesion-in-promoting-binge-drinking-among-adolescents
#15
Juliana Gabrielle Martins, Haroldo Neves de Paiva, Paula Cristina Pelli Paiva, Raquel Conceição Ferreira, Isabela Almeida Pordeus, Patricia Maria Zarzar, Ichiro Kawachi
Adolescence is characterized by heightened susceptibility to peer influence, which makes adolescents vulnerable to initiating or maintaining risky habits such as heavy drinking. The aim of the study was to investigate the association of social capital with longitudinal changes in the frequency of binge drinking among adolescents at public and private high schools in the city of Diamantina, Brazil. This longitudinal study used two waves of data collected when the adolescents were 12 and 13 years old. At the baseline assessment in 2013 a classroom survey was carried out with a representative sample of 588 students...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567160/the-introduction-of-a-multidisciplinary-hip-fracture-pathway-to-optimise-patient-care-and-reduce-mortality-a-prospective-audit-of-161-patients
#16
Michael Shenouda, Zacharia Silk, Sarkhell Radha, Emer Bouanem, Warwick Radford
INTRODUCTION: Hip fractures are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in the elderly. A new patient pathway was introduced in our institution to facilitate rapid preoperative assessment, acute physician involvement and early surgery for patients with hip fractures. We sought to assess its impact on patient care and outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prospective audit of 161 patients admitted with a proximal femoral fracture in the six months before (92 patients) and after (69 patients) implementation of the pathway...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561193/success-rates-in-a-diabetes-specialist-nurse-led-education-programme-re-setting-the-glucostat
#17
A H Heald, S G Anderson, A Khan, J Stocker, S Davies, K Bliss, M Livingston, P Donnelly
Analysis of National Diabetes Audit data from 2011-2012 of newly diagnosed people with type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM) found low initial success rates in much of the UK at 20% on initial training, while an unusually high success rate of 75% achieving target HbA1C<58 mmol/mol (< 7.5%) was found in Cheshire (England average=40.8%). We present a review of the approach taken by the Cheshire Diabetes team in the 12 months following diagnosis. Between 2012 and 2013, 15 consecutive newly diagnosed people with type 1 DM were followed up for 18 months...
May 2017: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555119/patterns-of-alcohol-consumption-in-spanish-university-alumni-nine-years-of-follow-up
#18
Patricia Gómez, Lucía Moure-Rodríguez, Eduardo López-Caneda, Antonio Rial, Fernando Cadaveira, Francisco Caamaño-Isorna
The aim of this study was to empirically identify different profiles of Spanish university alumni, based on their alcohol use over 9 years, and to further characterize them. A cohort study was carried out between 2005 and 2015 among university students (Compostela Cohort-Spain; n2015 = 415). Alcohol consumption was measured using the Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test (AUDIT). A two-stage cluster analysis, based on their AUDIT total scores was carried out separately for males and females. The further characterization of every profile was based on demographic data, age at onset of alcohol use, positive alcohol-related expectancies, tobacco and cannabis use, as well as their answers to some European Addiction Severity Index items...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535025/missad-diagnos-av-h%C3%A3-lseneruptur-vanligast-hos-%C3%A3-ldre-patienter
#19
Thomas Fridén, Tomas Movin, Åke Andrén-Sandberg
We audited forty-six patients with a rupture of the Achilles tendon notified to the Swedish regulatory authority (the Health and Social Care Inspectorate) due to suspicion of malpractice. The patients' history and clinical presentation differed from those with a more classical acute rupture. The diagnostic errors were often found in patients older than 60 years, they were just as common in women as in men and the symptoms often had a subacute start. In most patients, the diagnostic errors were due to an incomplete clinical examination...
May 23, 2017: Läkartidningen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529537/a-web-based-tool-for-automatic-data-collection-curation-and-visualization-of-complex-healthcare-survey-studies-including-social-network-analysis
#20
José Alberto Benítez, José Emilio Labra, Enedina Quiroga, Vicente Martín, Isaías García, Pilar Marqués-Sánchez, Carmen Benavides
There is a great concern nowadays regarding alcohol consumption and drug abuse, especially in young people. Analyzing the social environment where these adolescents are immersed, as well as a series of measures determining the alcohol abuse risk or personal situation and perception using a number of questionnaires like AUDIT, FAS, KIDSCREEN, and others, it is possible to gain insight into the current situation of a given individual regarding his/her consumption behavior. But this analysis, in order to be achieved, requires the use of tools that can ease the process of questionnaire creation, data gathering, curation and representation, and later analysis and visualization to the user...
2017: Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine
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