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Social audit

Richard D Holmes
Data sourcesAMED, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, Embase, Medline, PsycINFO, PsycARTICLES, ScienceDirect, SocINDEX, ASSIA, Social Policy and Practice, HMIC (Health Management Information Consortium), The Knowledge Network, Intute, MedNar, Copac, EPPI-Centre, EThOS, OpenGrey and TRIP databases. Searches were limited to publications in the English language published after 1994.Study selectionStudies set in general practice that investigated promoting good oral health in adult or child patients were considered. Study quality was assessed using NICE public health guidance checklists...
September 2016: Evidence-based Dentistry
Rosa Maria Soares Madeira Domingues, Marcos Augusto Bastos Dias, Arthur Orlando Corrêa Schilithz, Maria do Carmo Leal
BACKGROUND: Maternal near-miss (MNM) audits are considered a useful approach to improving maternal healthcare. The aim of this study was to evaluate the factors associated with maternal near-miss cases in childbirth and the postpartum period in Brazil. METHODS: The study is based on data from a nationwide hospital-based survey of 23,894 women conducted in 2011-2012. The data are from interviews with mothers during the postpartum period and from hospital medical files...
October 17, 2016: Reproductive Health
Alba Catalá-Miñana, Marisol Lila, Amparo Oliver, Juana-María Vivo, Laura Galiana, Enrique Gracia
BACKGROUND: The association between alcohol consumption and intimate partner violence (IPV) has been reiterated in numerous studies. Some authors have found higher levels of risk factors in intimate partner violence offenders (IPVOs) with alcohol problems than in IPVOs without such problems. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to analyze the relationship of contextual variables with harmful alcohol use in a sample of IPVOs. METHOD: This cross-sectional research analyzes data from 231 IPVOs...
October 19, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
Sue Patterson, Kathleen Freshwater, Nicole Goulter, Julie Ewing, Boyd Leamon, Anand Choudhary, Vikas Moudgil, Brett Emmerson
Aims and method To describe and explain psychiatrists' responses to metabolic abnormalities identified during screening. We carried out an audit of clinical records to assess rates of monitoring and follow-up practice. Semi-structured interviews with 36 psychiatrists followed by descriptive and thematic analyses were conducted. Results Metabolic abnormalities were identified in 76% of eligible patients screened. Follow-up, recorded for 59%, was variable but more likely with four or more abnormalities. Psychiatrists endorse guidelines but ambivalence about responsibility, professional norms, resource constraints and skills deficits as well as patient factors influences practice...
October 2016: BJPsych Bulletin
Sanchia Shibasaki, Karen Gardner, Beverly Sibthorpe
BACKGROUND: In Australia, there is growing use of technology supported knowledge translation (KT) strategies such as social media and mobile apps in health promotion and in Indigenous health. However, little is known about how individuals use technologies and the evidence base for the impact of these health interventions on health behavior change is meager. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to examine how Facebook is used to promote health messages to Indigenous people and discuss how KT can support planning and implementing health messages to ensure chosen strategies are fit for the purpose and achieve impact...
October 5, 2016: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Solveig Hausken, Rickard Lönner, Claudia Fahlke, Fredrik Spak
Survey of early alcohol  treatment preferences shows higher confidence in face to face meetings Adult men and women (n = 307), working and living in the area of south west Sweden, answered a web based questionnaire where they graded treatment and caregiver preferences while imagining themselves developing an alcohol problem. Alcohol consumption was measured using AUDIT-C. Face-to-face delivered treatment was preferred over telephone or internet based advice. About 53 percent of the men and women considered treatment given by primary health as poor...
October 4, 2016: Läkartidningen
A McBrearty, K McCallion, R J Moorehead, I McAllister, K Mulholland, R Gilliland, W J Campbell
BACKGROUND: In patients with locally advanced or low rectal cancers, long-course chemoradiotherapy (LCCRT) is recommended prior to surgical management.(1) The need for restaging afterwards has been questioned as it may be difficult to interpret imaging due to local tissue effects of chemoradiotherapy. The purpose of this study was to determine if restaging affected the management of patients receiving long-course chemoradiotherapy for rectal cancer. METHODS: A retrospective review of patients with rectal cancer discussed at the South Eastern Health and Social Care Trust Lower Gastrointestinal Multi-Disciplinary Team Meeting (LGIMDT) in 2013 who had received long-course chemoradiotherapy was performed...
September 2016: Ulster Medical Journal
Emma Beard, Jamie Brown, Robert West, Colin Angus, Alan Brennan, John Holmes, Eileen Kaner, Petra Meier, Susan Michie
BACKGROUND: The Alcohol Harm Paradox refers to observations that lower socioeconomic status (SES) groups consume less alcohol but experience more alcohol-related problems. However, SES is a complex concept and its observed relationship to social problems often depends on how it is measured and the demographic groups studied. Thus this study assessed socioeconomic patterning of alcohol consumption and related harm using multiple measures of SES and examined moderation of this patterning by gender and age...
2016: PloS One
Tobias H Elgán, Nicklas Kartengren, Anna K Strandberg, Maria Ingemarson, Helena Hansson, Ulla Zetterlind, Johanna Gripenberg
BACKGROUND: Depending on the definitions used, between 5 and 20 % of all Swedish children grow up with at least one parent suffering from alcohol problems, while 6 % have at least one parent who has received inpatient psychiatric care, conditions that may affect the children negatively. Nine out of ten Swedish municipalities therefore provide support resources, but less than 2 % of these children are reached by such support. Delivering intervention programs via the Internet is a promising strategy...
2016: BMC Public Health
Isaac Holeman, Tara Patricia Cookson, Claudia Pagliari
BACKGROUND: Poor governance impedes the provision of equitable and cost-effective health care in many low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Although systemic problems such as corruption and inefficiency have been characterized as intractable, "good governance" interventions that promote transparency, accountability and public participation have yielded encouraging results. Mobile phones and other Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) are beginning to play a role in these interventions, but little is known about their use and effects in the context of LMIC health care...
December 2016: Journal of Global Health
Marko Kolšek, Zalika Klemenc Ketiš
BACKGROUND: Hazardous and harmful alcohol drinking is an important health, social and economic issue in Slovenia amongst all age groups. While drinking in Slovenia has been well researched amongst elementary and high school students, there is a lack of research on drinking amongst university students. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study among first- and fourth-year students of the University of Maribor, Slovenia, attending the mandatory preventive health check between October 2009 and May 2010...
December 2015: Zdravstveno Varstvo
K C Dixon, R Mullis, T Blumenfeld
BACKGROUND: Compared to the general population, the Traveller community has substantial health inequalities. Vaccination coverage in Traveller children is estimated to be low and Travellers are at higher risk of vaccine-preventable diseases due to their social circumstances. METHODS: Audit of vaccination history of Traveller (n = 214) and non-Traveller (n = 776) children registered at a general practice in England. The Green Book childhood immunization schedule was used as a reference standard...
September 18, 2016: Journal of Public Health
Anuprita Shukla, Paul Teedon, Flora Cornish
In global health initiatives, particularly in the context of private philanthropy and its 'business minded' approach, detailed programme data plays an increasing role in informing assessments, improvements, evaluations, and ultimately continuation or discontinuation of funds for individual programmes. The HIV/AIDS literature predominantly treats monitoring as unproblematic. However, the social science of audit and indicators emphasises the constitutive power of indicators, noting that their effects at a grassroots level are often at odds with the goals specified in policy...
November 2016: Social Science & Medicine
Elise R Carrotte, Paul M Dietze, Cassandra J Wright, Megan S Lim
OBJECTIVE: To describe patterns of 'liking' alcohol marketing social media pages, and determine related alcohol consumption patterns among young Australians. METHODS: Participants were 1,001 Australians aged 15-29 years who completed a cross-sectional online survey. Logistic regression and ordinal logistic regression were used. RESULTS: A quarter (249/1001, 24.9%) liked at least one of the alcohol marketing social media pages, most commonly brands of spirits, cider and alcohol retailers...
October 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
Eliane Deschrijver, Jan R Wiersema, Marcel Brass
Next to social problems, individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often report severe sensory difficulties. Altered processing of touch is however a stronger mediator of social symptoms' severity than altered processing of for instance vision or audition. Why is this the case? We reasoned that sensory difficulties may be linked to social problems in ASD through insufficient self-other distinction centred on touch. We investigated by means of EEG whether the brain of adults with ASD adequately signals when a tactile consequence of an observed action does not match own touch, as compared to the brain of matched controls...
September 9, 2016: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
Henrik Lindholm, Niklas Egels-Zandén, Christina Rudén
BACKGROUND: In managing chemical risks to the environment and human health in supply chains, voluntary corporate social responsibility (CSR) measures, such as auditing code of conduct compliance, play an important role. OBJECTIVES: To examine how well suppliers' chemical health and safety performance complies with buyers' CSR policies and whether audited factories improve their performance. METHODS: CSR audits (n = 288) of garment factories conducted by Fair Wear Foundation (FWF), an independent non-profit organization, were analyzed using descriptive statistics and statistical modeling...
September 9, 2016: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
Lars Lien, Edvard Hauff, Priscilla Martinez, Arne H Eide, Leslie Swarts, Touraj Ayazi
BACKGROUND: Alcohol use is a major public health problem with vast implications for poor, war-torn countries. The objective of this study was to describe prevalence of alcohol use and risky drinking across socio-demographic factors in South Sudan, and to determine the association between risky drinking, traumatic events and mental distress. METHODS: This is a randomized, population based, cross-sectional study from the north-western part of South Sudan with nearly 500 participants...
2016: BMC Public Health
Peter A Whigham, Brandon de Graaf, Rashmi Srivastava, Paul Glue
BACKGROUND: Geographic perspectives of disease and the human condition often involve point-based observations and questions of clustering or dispersion within a spatial context. These problems involve a finite set of point observations and are constrained by a larger, but finite, set of locations where the observations could occur. Developing a rigorous method for pattern analysis in this context requires handling spatial covariates, a method for constrained finite spatial clustering, and addressing bias in geographic distance measures...
2016: BMC Medical Research Methodology
Alys-Marie Manguy, Lynette Joubert, Leah Bansemer
The objectives in this article are the exploration of demographic and service usage data gained through clinical data mining audit and suggesting recommendations for social work service delivery model and future research. The method is clinical data-mining audit of 100 sequentially sampled cases gathering quantitative demographic and service usage data. Descriptive analysis of file audit data raised interesting trends with potential to inform service delivery and usage; the key areas of the results included patient demographics, family involvement and impact, and child safety and risk issues...
September 2016: Social Work in Health Care
Nina Callens, Maaike Van Kuyk, Jet H van Kuppenveld, Stenvert L S Drop, Peggy T Cohen-Kettenis, Arianne B Dessens
The magnitude of sex differences in human brain and behavior and the respective contributions of biology versus socialization remain a topic of ongoing study in science. The preponderance of evidence attests to the notion that sexual differentiation processes are at least partially hormonally mediated, with high levels of prenatal androgens facilitating male-typed and inhibiting female-typed behaviors. In individuals with Disorders/Differences of Sex Development (DSD), hormonal profiles or sensitivities have been altered due to genetic influences, presumably affecting gender(ed) activity interests as well as gender identity development in a minority of the affected population...
August 27, 2016: Hormones and Behavior
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