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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545419/mild-encephalitis-encephalopathy-with-reversible-splenial-lesion-mers-in-adults-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#1
Junliang Yuan, Shuna Yang, Shuangkun Wang, Wei Qin, Lei Yang, Wenli Hu
BACKGROUND: Mild encephalitis/encephalopathy with reversible splenial lesion (MERS) is a rare clinico-radiological entity characterized by the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) finding of a reversible lesion in the corpus callosum, sometimes involved the symmetrical white matters. Many cases of child-onset MERS with various causes have been reported. However, adult-onset MERS is relatively rare. The clinical characteristics and pathophysiologiccal mechanisms of adult-onset MERS are not well understood...
May 25, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545155/rapid-diagnostic-tests-for-typhoid-and-paratyphoid-enteric-fever
#2
REVIEW
Lalith Wijedoru, Sue Mallett, Christopher M Parry
BACKGROUND: Differentiating both typhoid (Salmonella Typhi) and paratyphoid (Salmonella Paratyphi A) infection from other causes of fever in endemic areas is a diagnostic challenge. Although commercial point-of-care rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) for enteric fever are available as alternatives to the current reference standard test of blood or bone marrow culture, or to the widely used Widal Test, their diagnostic accuracy is unclear. If accurate, they could potentially replace blood culture as the World Health Organization (WHO)-recommended main diagnostic test for enteric fever...
May 26, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543519/a-new-treatment-of-sepsis-caused-by-veillonella-parvula-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#3
J Li, P Chen, J Li, X Gao, X Chen, J Chen
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVES: Veillonella parvula is usually regarded as a contaminant bacteria associated with polymicrobial infection. Here we report a rare case of sepsis caused by V. parvula, which was successfully treated by chloramphenicol. In addition, the therapeutic strategy for V. parvula infection was reviewed. CASE SUMMARY: A 55-year-old woman underwent surgery for lumbar spinal stenosis and developed high fever (39.5°C) after surgery, accompanied by chills and fatigue...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543426/predictors-and-pathways-of-language-and-motor-development-in-four-prospective-cohorts-of-young-children-in-ghana-malawi-and-burkina-faso
#4
Elizabeth L Prado, Souheila Abbeddou, Seth Adu-Afarwuah, Mary Arimond, Per Ashorn, Ulla Ashorn, Jaden Bendabenda, Kenneth H Brown, Sonja Y Hess, Emma Kortekangas, Anna Lartey, Kenneth Maleta, Brietta M Oaks, Eugenia Ocansey, Harriet Okronipa, Jean Bosco Ouédraogo, Anna Pulakka, Jérôme W Somé, Christine P Stewart, Robert C Stewart, Stephen A Vosti, Elizabeth Yakes Jimenez, Kathryn G Dewey
BACKGROUND: Previous reviews have identified 44 risk factors for poor early child development (ECD) in low- and middle-income countries. Further understanding of their relative influence and pathways is needed to inform the design of interventions targeting ECD. METHODS: We conducted path analyses of factors associated with 18-month language and motor development in four prospective cohorts of children who participated in trials conducted as part of the International Lipid-Based Nutrient Supplements (iLiNS) Project in Ghana (n = 1,023), Malawi (n = 675 and 1,385), and Burkina Faso (n = 1,122)...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540991/comparison-of-efficacy-of-intravenous-peramivir-and-oral-oseltamivir-for-the-treatment-of-influenza-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Jonghoo Lee, Ju Hee Park, Hyeyoung Jwa, Yee Hyung Kim
PURPOSE: Peramivir is the first intravenously administered neuramidase inhibitor for immediate delivery of an effective single-dose treatment in patients with influenza. However, limited data are available on intravenous (IV) peramivir treatment compared to oral oseltamivir for these patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: With a systematic review and meta-analysis, we compared the efficacy of IV peramivir with oral oseltamivir for treatment of patients with seasonal influenza...
July 2017: Yonsei Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540787/microwave-ablation-is-effective-against-liver-metastases-from-gastric-adenocarcinoma
#6
Fubo Zhou, Xiao-Ling Yu, Ping Liang, Zhigang Cheng, Zhi-Yu Han, Jie Yu, Fangyi Liu, Yi Hu
PURPOSE: The resection rate for liver metastases from gastric cancer is only 1.4-21.1%. This study aimed to evaluate the safety and therapeutic efficacy of microwave ablation (MWA) for liver metastases from gastric adenocarcinoma (LMGC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A database of 108 gastric adenocarcinoma patients with liver metastases who underwent MWA (n = 32) or systemic chemotherapy (n = 76) for LMGC between 2008 and 2016 was reviewed. Overall survival curves were assessed and compared based on different therapies...
March 29, 2017: International Journal of Hyperthermia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540296/evaluation-of-the-complex-nomenclature-of-the-clinically-and-veterinary-significant-pathogen-salmonella
#7
REVIEW
Michael P Ryan, Jean O'Dwyer, Catherine C Adley
Salmonella encompasses a vast and highly related population of clinically and veterinary significant pathogens. The genus is responsible for an array of diseases such as typhoid fever and salmonellosis (a variety of illnesses including gastroenteritis), which cause public health issues globally. Even with the global recognition of Salmonella as a significant human and veterinary pathogen, the highly complex and evolving nomenclature system of Salmonella is problematic for clinicians, veterinarians, and microbiologists to comprehend...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536811/listeriosis-during-pregnancy
#8
REVIEW
Mitko Madjunkov, Shahnaz Chaudhry, Shinya Ito
PURPOSE: Listeriosis is a rare foodborne illness caused by Listeria monocytogenes. It can be transmitted by consuming contaminated ready-to-eat food, long shelf-life products, deli meats, and soft cheeses. Listeria has a predilection to affect immunocompromised patients, elderly people, pregnant women and neonates. In particular, pregnant women are at ~18 times greater risk of infection than general population due to specific pregnancy-related suppressed cell-mediated immunity and placental tropism of L...
May 23, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535728/a-review-of-eight-cases-of-cavernous-sinus-thrombosis-secondary-to-sphenoid-sinusitis-including-a12-year-old-girl-at-the-present-department
#9
Yun-Hu Wang, Po-Yen Chen, Pei-Ju Ting, Fang-Liang Huang
Cavernous sinus thrombosis (CST) is a severe disease which can result from infection of any of the tissues drained by the cavernous sinus. We here review eight cases, including a 12-year-old girl, all secondary to sphenoid sinusitis. The clinical manifestations, laboratory data, imaging findings, pathogens, medications, surgical treatment and clinical outcomes were analyzed. All eight patients had headache and five of them fever. All cases were associated with one or more ophthalmic symptoms. In four cases, computed tomography/magnetic resonance imaging showed isolated sphenoid sinusitis...
May 23, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532916/spinal-intramedullary-tuberculosis-with-concurrent-supra-and-infratentorial-intracranial-disease-in-a-9-month-old-boy-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#10
REVIEW
Michael George Zaki Ghali, Visish M Srinivasan, C J Kim, Archana Malik
Tuberculous involvement of the spinal cord parenchyma is an exceedingly rare clinical entity; even more so is concurrent intracranial tuberculosis (TB). Spinal intramedullary TB presents with a characteristic subacute myelopathy, with slowly progressive paraplegia, sensory deficits, and/or bowel and bladder dysfunction. Diagnosis is strongly suspected with a clinical history of known TB in conjunction with characteristic findings on magnetic resonance imaging. Management involves multi-agent antitubercular chemotherapy without or with operative intervention...
May 19, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531835/postpartum-acute-colonic-pseudo-obstruction-ogilvie-s-syndrome-a-systematic-review-of-case-reports-and-case-series
#11
REVIEW
Pradeep Jayaram, Manoj Mohan, Stephen Lindow, Justin Konje
INTRODUCTION: Ogilvie's Syndrome or Acute Colonic Pseudo-Obstruction (ACPO) is a rare condition characterized by massive dilatation of the colon in the absence of mechanical obstruction. About 10% of all reported cases are related to Obstetric and Gynaecological procedures, Caesarean section being the commonest associated factor. Acute intestinal dilatation, if not treated, may lead to perforation and faecal peritonitis with consequent high morbidity and mortality. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An electronic literature searches were performed in PubMed, EMBASE, Google scholar and hand searches for relevant references were included without any language restriction...
May 2, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529117/new-markers-for-adult-onset-still-s-disease
#12
Stéphane Mitrovic, Bruno Fautrel
Adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD) is a rare systemic auto-inflammatory disorder (SAID). Although the pathogenesis of the disease is complex and far from being fully understood, recent progresses in pathophysiological knowledge have paved the way to new diagnostic approaches. Indeed, AOSD diagnosis can be a real challenge, owing to its infrequency, and to the lack of specificity of the principal clinical features (high fever, arthralgia or arthritis, skin rash) and laboratory findings (elevated acute phase reactants, hyperleukocytosis ≥ 10,000 cells/mm(3) with neutrophils ≥80%)...
May 18, 2017: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529023/clinical-efficacy-of-transrectal-ultrasound-guided-prostate-biopsy-in-men-younger-than-50-years-old-with-an-elevated-prostate-specific-antigen-concentration-4-0%C3%A2-ng-ml
#13
Chin-Heng Lu, Tzu-Ping Lin, She Huei Shen, Yi-Hsiu Huang, Hsiao-Jen Chung, Junne-Yih Kuo, William J S Huang, Howard H H Wu, Yen-Hwa Chang, Alex T L Lin, Kuang-Kuo Chen
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer (PCa) is not commonly found in men younger than 50 years of age. However, serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) concentration has been examined more frequently at a younger age in Asia partially due to an increased awareness of prostate cancer. The purpose of our study was to investigate the efficacy and complication of PSA-triggered transrectal ultrasonography-guided prostate (TRUSP) biopsies. We retrospectively reviewed TRUSP biopsies in young men with elevated PSA concentration in Taipei Veterans General Hospital...
May 18, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527248/-clinical-and-demographic-profile-and-risk-factors-for-clostridium-difficile-infection
#14
Carlos Carvajal, Carlos Pacheco, Fabián Jaimes
INTRODUCTION: Clostridium difficile infection is the leading cause of nosocomial infectious diarrhea. The increasing incidence added to a lower rate of response to the initial treatment and higher rates of relapse has generated a higher burden of the disease. OBJECTIVE: To determine the clinical characteristics of hospitalized patients with C. difficile infection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We made a nested case-cohort study. We reviewed medical records of the patients with nosocomial diarrhea for whom an assay for toxin A-B of C...
January 24, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526434/a-systematic-review-of-portomesenteric-vein-thrombosis-after-sleeve-gastrectomy
#15
Osama Shaheen, Jacqueline Siejka, Bala Thatigotla, Dang Tuan Pham
BACKGROUND: Portomesenteric vein thrombosis (PMVT) is considered an uncommon complication in general surgery; nevertheless, with the growing popularity of sleeve gastrectomy (SG) as a bariatric procedure we have seen an increase in the occurrence of this complication. OBJECTIVES: To elucidate the question if it is a procedure-related complication and explore the modalities of prevention and treatment of this complication, a systematic review of available literature regarding PMVT events after SG was conducted...
March 27, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526220/lumbar-puncture-for-all-febrile-infants-29-56-days-old-a-retrospective-cohort-reassessment-study
#16
Richard Scarfone, Ashlee Murray, Payal Gala, Fran Balamuth
OBJECTIVES: To determine the incidence of bacterial meningitis (BM) among all febrile infants 29-56 days old undergoing a lumbar puncture (LP) in the emergency department of a tertiary care children's hospital and the number of low-risk febrile infants with BM to reassess the need for routine LP in these infants. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study using a quality improvement registry from July 2007-April 2014. Infants included were 29-56 days old with fever and who had an LP in the emergency department...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525510/zika-virus-obstetric-and-pediatric-anesthesia-considerations
#17
Jacqueline L Tutiven, Benjamin T Pruden, James S Banks, Mario Stevenson, David J Birnbach
As of November 2016, the Florida Department of Health (FDH) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have confirmed more than 4000 travel-related Zika virus (ZIKV) infections in the United States with >700 of those in Florida. There have been 139 cases of locally acquired infection, all occurring in Miami, Florida. Within the US territories (eg, Puerto Rico, US Virgin Islands), >30,000 cases of ZIKV infection have been reported. The projected number of individuals at risk for ZIKV infection in the Caribbean and Latin America approximates 5 million...
June 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523062/role-of-antimicrobials-in-the-treatment-of-adult-patients-presenting-to-the-emergency-department-with-acute-gastroenteritis-a-mini-review
#18
REVIEW
Omar Abbas Ahmed Malik
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: Acute gastroenteritis is generally considered a self-limiting illness that does not require the use of antibiotics. However, many emergency departments in the country frequently prescribe antibiotics to patients presenting with diarrhoea. This review attempts to determine whether this practice is reasonable. Our objective was to determine the role of antimicrobials in the empiric management of acute gastroenteritis. METHODS: The online data base "PubMed", as well as the World Wide Web, were searched for relevant articles (RCTs, Reviews, Prospective studies, etc...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516442/vaccines-for-the-common-cold
#19
REVIEW
Daniel Simancas-Racines, Juan Va Franco, Claudia V Guerra, Maria L Felix, Ricardo Hidalgo, Maria José Martinez-Zapata
BACKGROUND: The common cold is a spontaneously remitting infection of the upper respiratory tract, characterised by a runny nose, nasal congestion, sneezing, cough, malaise, sore throat, and fever (usually < 37.8º C). The widespread morbidity caused by the common cold worldwide is related to its ubiquitousness rather than its severity. The development of vaccines for the common cold has been difficult because of antigenic variability of the common cold virus and the indistinguishable multiple other viruses and even bacteria acting as infective agents...
May 18, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514123/-telemedicine-a-novel-service-in-pediatric-emergency-care
#20
Alon Nevet, Yves Bitton, Lior Wolf, Yehezkel Waisman
INTRODUCTION: Telemedicine is a field that deals with monitoring and caring for patients who are physically apart from the caregivers, so they cannot communicate without technological means. The use of telemedicine has been recognized by a number of official organizations worldwide. This article reviews a unique service, "pediatrician online", provided by Clalit HMO, through Medtrix Ltd, with Schneider Children's Hospital specialists' supervision. With this service, parents can receive medical consultation from pediatricians beyond community clinic hours...
July 2016: Harefuah
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