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Corporate social responsibility

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618560/topology-dependent-rationality-and-quantal-response-equilibria-in-structured-populations
#1
Sabin Roman, Markus Brede
Given that the assumption of perfect rationality is rarely met in the real world, we explore a graded notion of rationality in socioecological systems of networked actors. We parametrize an actors' rationality via their place in a social network and quantify system rationality via the average Jensen-Shannon divergence between the games Nash and logit quantal response equilibria. Previous work has argued that scale-free topologies maximize a system's overall rationality in this setup. Here we show that while, for certain games, it is true that increasing degree heterogeneity of complex networks enhances rationality, rationality-optimal configurations are not scale-free...
May 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542512/correction-development-of-closed-loop-supply-chain-network-in-terms-of-corporate-social-responsibility
#2
Ali Pedram, Payam Pedram, Nukman Bin Yusoff, Shahryar Sorooshian
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0174951.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470132/value-based-hr-practices-i-deals-and-clinical-error-control-with-csr-as-a-moderator
#3
Tuan Luu, Chris Rowley, Sununta Siengthai, Vo Thanh Thao
Purpose Notwithstanding the rising magnitude of system factors in patient safety improvement, "human factors" such as idiosyncratic deals (i-deals) which also contribute to the adjustment of system deficiencies should not be neglected. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the role of value-based HR practices in catalyzing i-deals, which then influence clinical error control. The research further examines the moderating role of corporate social responsibility (CSR) on the effect of value-based HR practices on i-deals...
May 8, 2017: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464860/occupational-safety-and-health-aspects-of-corporate-social-responsibility-reporting-in-japan-from-2004-to-2012
#4
Tomohisa Nagata, Akinori Nakata, Koji Mori, Takashi Maruyama, Futoshi Kawashita, Masako Nagata
BACKGROUND: A number of companies publish corporate social responsibility (CSR) reporting in booklets and other publicly available formats. The purpose of this paper is to clarify the nine-year (2004-2012) trend of occupational safety and health (OSH) activities as described in CSR reporting (by industry sector and company size). METHODS: We investigated CSR reporting on the website in all Japanese companies listed on the first section of the Tokyo Stock Exchange...
May 2, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463097/road-traffic-injury-in-lagos-nigeria-assessing-prehospital-care
#5
Nasiru A Ibrahim, Abdul Wahab O Ajani, Ibrahim A Mustafa, Rufai A Balogun, Mobolaji A Oludara, Olufemi E Idowu, Babatunde A Solagberu
Introduction Injuries are the third most important cause of overall deaths globally with one-quarter resulting from road traffic crashes. Majority of these deaths occur before arrival in the hospital and can be reduced with prompt and efficient prehospital care. The aim of this study was to highlight the burden of road traffic injury (RTI) in Lagos, Nigeria and assess the effectiveness of prehospital care, especially the role of Lagos State Ambulance Service (LASAMBUS) in providing initial care and transportation of the injured to the hospital...
May 2, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462750/health-equality-social-justice-and-the-poverty-of-autonomy
#6
Christopher Newdick
How does the concept of autonomy assist public responses to 'lifestyle' diseases? Autonomy is fundamental to bioethics, but its emphasis on self-determination and individuality hardly supports public health policies to eat and drink less and take more exercise. Autonomy rejects a 'nanny' state. Yet, the cost of non-communicable diseases is increasing to individuals personally and to public health systems generally. Health care systems are under mounting and unsustainable pressure. What is the proper responsibility of individuals, governments and corporate interests working within a global trading environment? When public health care resources are unlikely to increase, we cannot afford to be so diffident to the cost of avoidable diseases...
May 2, 2017: Health Economics, Policy, and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457581/attitudes-beliefs-and-perceived-norms-about-corporal-punishment-and-related-training-needs-among-members-of-the-american-professional-society-on-the-abuse-of-children
#7
Catherine A Taylor, Julia M Fleckman, Shawna J Lee
Hitting children for disciplinary purposes (i.e., spanking or corporal punishment [CP]) is a strong risk factor for child physical abuse and is highly prevalent in the U.S. Yet, little is currently known about the relevant attitudes, beliefs, or training needs of key professionals who often advise parents regarding child discipline strategies. A survey of the American Professional Society on the Abuse of Children (APSAC) membership, comprised of mental health professionals, physicians, child welfare professionals, and other professionals in the child maltreatment field, was conducted to assess attitudes, beliefs, perceived norms, training needs, and motivations to change norms regarding CP (N=571, response rate=51%)...
April 27, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439247/when-corporate-social-responsibility-csr-meets-organizational-psychology-new-frontiers-in-micro-csr-research-and-fulfilling-a-quid-pro-quo-through-multilevel-insights
#8
David A Jones, Chelsea R Willness, Ante Glavas
Researchers, corporate leaders, and other stakeholders have shown increasing interest in Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR)-a company's discretionary actions and policies that appear to advance societal well-being beyond its immediate financial interests and legal requirements. Spanning decades of research activity, the scholarly literature on CSR has been dominated by meso- and macro-level perspectives, such as studies within corporate strategy that examine relationships between firm-level indicators of social/environmental performance and corporate financial performance...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426321/hansae-vietnam-s-garment-factory-latest-example-of-how-corporate-social-responsibility-has-failed-to-protect-workers
#9
Garrett Brown
A Korean-operated garment factory complex in Vietnam was subject to 26 separate corporate social responsibility (CSR) audits in 2015. However, thorough inspections by two other non-governmental organizations in 2016 found numerous violations of Vietnamese occupational health and safety and labor laws as well as violations of the corporate codes of conduct of the international clothing brands which source apparel from the facility. The 2016 investigations indicate the lack of efficacy of the 2015 CSR audits and call into question whether voluntary CSR programs and audits by for-profit CSR monitoring companies can effectively protect the health, safety and legal rights of workers in global supply chains...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398571/what-does-the-alcohol-industry-mean-by-responsible-drinking-a-comparative-analysis
#10
N Maani Hessari, M Petticrew
Background: The alcohol industry uses responsible drinking messaging as a central element of its corporate social responsibility (CSR) activities. It has been argued that such messaging is vague, and potentially part of broader CSR activities to protect industry interests at the expense of public health. This study aimed to identify how industry defines responsible drinking, and in what contexts it is used. Methods: This was a qualitative documentary analysis of publicly available documents and web pages, including company web pages, press releases, reports and blogs from a representative selection of alcohol producers, and industry social aspect/public relations organizations; these were compared to health NGOs and Public Health England...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397177/bankruptcy-prevention-new-effort-to-reflect-on-legal-and-social-changes
#11
Tomas Kliestik, Maria Misankova, Katarina Valaskova, Lucia Svabova
Every corporation has an economic and moral responsibility to its stockholders to perform well financially. However, the number of bankruptcies in Slovakia has been growing for several years without an apparent macroeconomic cause. To prevent a rapid denigration and to prevent the outflow of foreign capital, various efforts are being zealously implemented. Robust analysis using conventional bankruptcy prediction tools revealed that the existing models are adaptable to local conditions, particularly local legislation...
April 10, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384250/development-of-closed-loop-supply-chain-network-in-terms-of-corporate-social-responsibility
#12
Ali Pedram, Payam Pedram, Nukman Bin Yusoff, Shahryar Sorooshian
Due to the rise in awareness of environmental issues and the depletion of virgin resources, many firms have attempted to increase the sustainability of their activities. One efficient way to elevate sustainability is the consideration of corporate social responsibility (CSR) by designing a closed loop supply chain (CLSC). This paper has developed a mathematical model to increase corporate social responsibility in terms of job creation. Moreover the model, in addition to increasing total CLSC profit, provides a range of strategic decision solutions for decision makers to select a best action plan for a CLSC...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369716/corporate-social-responsibility-and-conflicts-of-interest-in-the-alcohol-and-gambling-industries-a-post-political-discourse
#13
Ben Baumberg Geiger, Valentina Cuzzocrea
The corporate pursuit of social goals - known as Corporate Social Responsibility or 'CSR' - has been subject to critique on a number of grounds. However, a hitherto underexplored potential consequence of CSR has been suggested in a recent paper by C. Garsten and K. Jacobsson ('Post-Political Regulation: Soft Power and Post-political Visions in Global Governance' (2013), Critical Sociology 39: 421-37). They suggest that CSR is part of an international trend towards 'post-political' governance discourses, where an emphasis on different actors' common goals obscures conflicts of interest, subverting the open political conflict necessary for a well-functioning democracy...
March 28, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332460/framing-the-tax-and-health-nexus-a-neglected-aspect-of-public-health-concern
#14
David Mccoy, Simukai Chigudu, Taavi Tillmann
Previous studies have described various associations between tax policy and health. Here we propose a unifying conceptual framework of 'Five R's' to stimulate awareness about the importance of tax to health improvement. First, tax can improve representation and democratic accountability, and help make governments more responsive to the needs of its citizens. Second, tax can create a revenue stream for a universal pool of public finance for health care and other public services. Third, progressive taxation when combined with appropriate public spending can help redistribute wealth and income and mitigate social and health inequalities...
April 2017: Health Economics, Policy, and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322529/-interventi-di-popolazione-per-contrastare-l-epidemia-di-prodotti-insalubri
#15
Giuseppe Gorini
"The multinational corporations producing tobacco, alcohol, soft drinks, and processed foods have a role of vectors in the increase of chronic diseases, so that one can speak of manufacturing epidemics. The main aim of this paper is to conduct a literature review on different approaches in population-based interventions to stem the rise in consumption of unhealthy products. Different approaches were found: • command-and-control regulations: the route is definitely more advanced for tobacco with the implementation of an international treaty, which requires 180 ratifying states to implement a series of tobacco control policies...
January 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277723/employees-responses-to-an-organizational-merger-intraindividual-change-in-organizational-identification-attachment-and-turnover
#16
Wookje Sung, Meredith L Woehler, Jesse M Fagan, Travis J Grosser, Theresa M Floyd, Giuseppe Joe Labianca
The authors used pre-post merger data from 599 employees experiencing a major corporate merger to compare 3 conceptual models based on the logic of social identity theory (SIT) and exchange theory to explain employees' merger responses. At issue is how perceived change in employees' own jobs and roles (i.e., personal valence) and perceived change in their organization's status and merger appropriateness (i.e., organizational valence) affect their changing organizational identification, attachment attitudes, and voluntary turnover...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244060/burnout-and-sources-of-stress-among-medical-residents-at-hamad-medical-corporation-qatar
#17
Abdelhamid Afana, Jess Ghannam, Evelyn Y Ho, Abdullatif Al-Khal, Banan Al-Arab, Carma L Bylund
This study aimed to describe the experiences of stress and burnout and sociodemographic factors associated with dimensions of stress among medical residents at Hamad Medical Corporation, Qatar. Medical residents participating in a stress management course were asked to complete an anonymous survey. The survey included demographic questions, the Abbreviated Maslach Inventory, and 4 open-ended questions on experiences with stress. Of the 150 residents participating in the stress management course, 142 responded to the survey, listing an average of 2...
February 21, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237942/the-flip-side-of-natural-american-spirit-corporate-social-responsibility-advertising
#18
Anna E Epperson, Judith J Prochaska, Lisa Henriksen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 25, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222793/corporate-social-responsibility-to-improve-access-to-medicines-the-case-of-brazil
#19
Halla Thorsteinsdóttir, Natasha Ovtcharenko, Jillian Clare Kohler
BACKGROUND: Access to medicines and the development of a strong national pharmaceutical industry are two longstanding pillars of health policy in Brazil. This is reflected in a clear emphasis by Brazil's Federal Government on improving access to medicine in national health plans and industrial policies aimed at promoting domestic pharmaceutical development. This research proposes that such policies may act as incentives for companies to pursue a strategic Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) agenda...
February 21, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170406/youth-as-contested-sites-of-culture-the-intergenerational-acculturation-gap-amongst-new-migrant-communities-parental-and-young-adult-perspectives
#20
Andre M N Renzaho, Nidhi Dhingra, Nichole Georgeou
BACKGROUND: Immigration often results in changes in family dynamics, and within this process of dynamic relational adjustment youth can be conceptualised as contested sites of culture and associated intergenerational conflicts. This paper considers the experiences of migrant youth in Greater Western Sydney, New South Wales, Australia using conflict as a useful lens through which to view issues of migrant youth identity and their sense of social connectedness, belonging, and agency. The aim of this study was twofold: 1) to explore how migrant youth cope with acculturative stress and intergenerational conflicts, and 2) to better understand the systemic and family-related factors that facilitate positive settlement experiences for migrant youth...
2017: PloS One
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