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Corporate social responsibility

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222793/corporate-social-responsibility-to-improve-access-to-medicines-the-case-of-brazil
#1
Halla Thorsteinsdóttir, Natasha Ovtcharenko, Jillian Clare Kohler
BACKGROUND: Access to medicines and the development of a strong national pharmaceutical industry are two longstanding pillars of health policy in Brazil. This is reflected in a clear emphasis by Brazil's Federal Government on improving access to medicine in national health plans and industrial policies aimed at promoting domestic pharmaceutical development. This research proposes that such policies may act as incentives for companies to pursue a strategic Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) agenda...
February 21, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170406/youth-as-contested-sites-of-culture-the-intergenerational-acculturation-gap-amongst-new-migrant-communities-parental-and-young-adult-perspectives
#2
Andre M N Renzaho, Nidhi Dhingra, Nichole Georgeou
BACKGROUND: Immigration often results in changes in family dynamics, and within this process of dynamic relational adjustment youth can be conceptualised as contested sites of culture and associated intergenerational conflicts. This paper considers the experiences of migrant youth in Greater Western Sydney, New South Wales, Australia using conflict as a useful lens through which to view issues of migrant youth identity and their sense of social connectedness, belonging, and agency. The aim of this study was twofold: 1) to explore how migrant youth cope with acculturative stress and intergenerational conflicts, and 2) to better understand the systemic and family-related factors that facilitate positive settlement experiences for migrant youth...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166801/assessing-the-health-impact-of-transnational-corporations-a-case-study-on-mcdonald-s-australia
#3
Julia Anaf, Frances E Baum, Matt Fisher, Elizabeth Harris, Sharon Friel
BACKGROUND: The practices of transnational corporations affect population health through production methods, shaping social determinants of health, or influencing the regulatory structures governing their activities. There has been limited research on community exposures to TNC policies and practices. Our pilot research used McDonald's Australia to test methods for assessing the health impacts of one TNC within Australia. METHODS: We adapted existing Health Impact Assessment methods to assess McDonald's activities...
February 6, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118411/analysis-of-alcohol-industry-submissions-against-marketing-regulation
#4
Florentine Petronella Martino, Peter Graeme Miller, Kerri Coomber, Linda Hancock, Kypros Kypri
A growing body of literature points to the role of vested interests as a barrier to the implementation of effective public health policies. Corporate political activity by the alcohol industry is commonly used to influence policy and regulation. It is important for policy makers to be able to critique alcohol industry claims opposed to improved alcohol marketing regulation. The Australian National Preventive Health Agency reviewed alcohol marketing regulations in 2012 and stakeholders were invited to comment on them...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109763/healthier-children-s-meals-in-restaurants-an%C3%A2-exploratory-study-to-inform-approaches-that%C3%A2-are-acceptable-across-stakeholders
#5
Stephanie Anzman-Frasca, Sara C Folta, Meaghan E Glenn, Anita Jones-Mueller, Vanessa M Lynskey, Anjali A Patel, Lisa L Tse, Nanette V Lopez
OBJECTIVE: Assess parents', children's, and restaurant executives' perspectives on children's meals in restaurants. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Parents and children completed predominantly quantitative surveys at 4 quick- and full-service restaurant locations. Telephone interviews were conducted with executives representing additional restaurants. PARTICIPANTS: Parents (n = 59) and their first- through fourth-grade children (n = 58); executives (n = 4)...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099060/understanding-medicaid-managed-care-investments-in-members-social-determinants-of-health
#6
Laura Gottlieb, Sara Ackerman, Holly Wing, Rishi Manchanda
Despite widespread interest in addressing social determinants of health (SDH) as a means to improve health and to reduce health care spending, little information is available about how to develop, sustain, and scale nonmedical interventions in diverse payer environments, including Medicaid Managed Care. This study aimed to explore how Medicaid Managed Care Organization (MMCO) leaders interpret their roles and responsibilities around SDH, how they garner resources to develop and sustain interventions to address SDH, and how they perceive the influences of external organizations on related activities...
January 18, 2017: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092758/between-a-rock-and-a-hard-place-economic-expansion-and-social-responsibility-in-uk-media-discourses-on-the-global-alcohol-industry
#7
Mary Thornton, Benjamin Hawkins
CONTEXT: Transnational alcohol corporations (TACs) employ a range of strategies to achieve their business objectives, including attempts to frame perceptions of their activities in media debates. TACs aim to achieve a favourable regulatory environment by presenting themselves as socially responsible actors. However, the need to secure financial investment means they must also emphasise their potential for growth. This article investigates tensions between these objectives in coverage of the global alcohol industry in the UK print media...
February 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075542/considering-marijuana-legalization-carefully-insights-for-other-jurisdictions-from-analysis-for-vermont
#8
Jonathan P Caulkins, Beau Kilmer
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: In 2014 the legislature of Vermont, USA passed a law requiring the Secretary of Administration to report on the consequences of legalizing marijuana. The RAND Corporation was commissioned to write that report. This paper summarizes insights from that analysis that are germane to other jurisdictions. METHOD: Translation of key findings from the RAND Corporation report to the broader policy debate. RESULTS: Marijuana legalization encompasses a wide range of possible regimes, distinguished along at least four dimensions: which organizations are allowed to produce and supply the drug, the regulations under which they operate, the nature of the products that can be distributed and taxes and prices...
December 2016: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069991/community-alcohol-partnerships-with-the-alcohol-industry-what-is-their-purpose-and-are-they-effective-in-reducing-alcohol-harms
#9
M Petticrew, N Douglas, P D'Souza, Y M Shi, M A Durand, C Knai, E Eastmure, N Mays
BACKGROUND: Local initiatives to reduce alcohol harms are common. One UK approach, Community Alcohol Partnerships (CAPs), involves partnerships between the alcohol industry and local government, focussing on alcohol misuse and anti-social behaviour (ASB) among young people. This study aimed to assess the evidence of effectiveness of CAPs. METHODS: We searched CAP websites and documents, and databases, and contacted CAPs to identify evaluations and summarize their findings...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000093/engineering-students-views-of-corporate-social-responsibility-a-case-study-from-petroleum-engineering
#10
Jessica M Smith, Carrie J McClelland, Nicole M Smith
The mining and energy industries present unique challenges to engineers, who must navigate sometimes competing responsibilities and codes of conduct, such as personal senses of right and wrong, professional ethics codes, and their employers' corporate social responsibility (CSR) policies. Corporate social responsibility (CSR) is the current dominant framework used by industry to conceptualize firms' responsibilities to their stakeholders, yet has it plays a relatively minor role in engineering ethics education...
December 20, 2016: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825351/determining-the-spatial-heterogeneity-underlying-racial-and-ethnic-differences-in-timely-mammography-screening
#11
Joseph Gibbons, Melody K Schiaffino
BACKGROUND: The leading cause of cancer death for women worldwide continues to be breast cancer. Early detection through timely mammography has been recognized to increase the probability of survival. While mammography rates have risen for many women in recent years, disparities in screening along racial/ethnic lines persist across nations. In this paper, we argue that the role of local context, as identified through spatial heterogeneity, is an unexplored dynamic which explains some of the gaps in mammography utilization by race/ethnicity...
November 8, 2016: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814731/a-call-to-action-on-women-s-health-putting-corporate-csr-standards-for-workplace-health-on-the-global-health-agenda
#12
David Wofford, Shawn MacDonald, Carolyn Rodehau
Business operates within a Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) system that the global health community should harness to advance women's health and related sustainable development goals for workers and communities in low- and middle-income countries. Corporations and their vast networks of supplier companies, particularly in manufacturing and agribusiness, employ millions of workers, increasingly comprised of young women, who lack access to health information, products and services. However, occupational safety and health practices focus primarily on safety issues and fail to address the health needs, including reproductive health, of women workers...
November 4, 2016: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805333/knowledge-attitude-and-behavioural-response-of-corporate-employees-in-india-towards-influenza-a-questionnaire-based-study
#13
Parvaiz A Koul, Nargis K Bali, Sandeep Sonawane
OBJECTIVE: Understanding about influenza would be helpful in adapting preventive measures like social distancing, seeking medical attention and getting vaccinated. The objective of this study was to evaluate knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) towards influenza among Indian corporate employees and assessment of their awareness through a questionnaire-based survey. METHODS: Indian corporate employees of either gender (≥18 years) were provided with a self-administered questionnaire with domains namely knowledge (21 questions), attitude (6 questions), and practices (6 questions)...
November 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796725/restoring-a-reputation-invoking-the-unesco-universal-declaration-on-bioethics-and-human-rights-to-bear-on-pharmaceutical-pricing
#14
Daniel J Hurst
In public health, the issue of pharmaceutical pricing is a perennial problem. Recent high-profile examples, such as the September 2015 debacle involving Martin Shkreli and Turing Pharmaceuticals, are indicative of larger, systemic difficulties that plague the pharmaceutical industry in regards to drug pricing and the impact it yields on their reputation in the eyes of the public. For public health ethics, the issue of pharmaceutical pricing is rather crucial. Simply, individuals within a population require pharmaceuticals for disease prevention and management...
October 28, 2016: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729304/ibm-watson-analytics-automating-visualization-descriptive-and-predictive-statistics
#15
Robert Eugene Hoyt, Dallas Snider, Carla Thompson, Sarita Mantravadi
BACKGROUND: We live in an era of explosive data generation that will continue to grow and involve all industries. One of the results of this explosion is the need for newer and more efficient data analytics procedures. Traditionally, data analytics required a substantial background in statistics and computer science. In 2015, International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) released the IBM Watson Analytics (IBMWA) software that delivered advanced statistical procedures based on the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS)...
October 11, 2016: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707151/addressing-current-and-future-challenges-for-the-nhs-the-role-of-good-leadership
#16
Lotte Elton
Purpose This paper aims to describe and analyse some of the ways in which good leadership can enable those working within the National Health Service (NHS) to weather the changes and difficulties likely to arise in the coming years, and takes the format of an essay written by the prize-winner of the Faculty of Medical Leadership and Management's Student Prize. The Faculty of Medical Leadership and Management ran its inaugural Student Prize in 2015-2016, which aimed at medical students with an interest in medical leadership...
October 3, 2016: Leadership in Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692891/sustainable-infrastructure-a-review-and-a-research-agenda
#17
REVIEW
Antônio Márcio Tavares Thomé, Paula Santos Ceryno, Annibal Scavarda, Arne Remmen
This paper proposes a taxonomy of themes and a research agenda on sustainable infrastructure, with a focus on sustainable buildings (SB) and green infrastructure (GI). The citation databases of Web of Science formed the basis for a novel strategic thematic analysis of co-citation and co-occurrence of keywords with a longitudinal identification of themes during the last two decades (from 1995 to 2015) of an emerging and ever growing research area. SI is a multidisciplinary endeavour, including a diversified array of disciplines as general engineering, environmental ecology, construction, architecture, urban planning, and geography...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27661467/the-marketing-potential-of-corporate-social-responsibility-activities-the-case-of-the-alcohol-industry-in-latin-america-and-the-caribbean
#18
Daniela Pantani, Raquel Peltzer, Mariana Cremonte, Katherine Robaina, Thomas Babor, Ilana Pinsky
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: To 1) identify, monitor and analyze the Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) practices of the alcohol industry in Latin American and the Caribbean (LAC) and 2) examine whether the alcohol industry is using these actions to market their products and brands. METHODS: Nine health experts from Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay conducted a content analysis of 218 CSR activities using a standardized protocol. A content rating procedure was used to evaluate the marketing potential of CSR activities as well as their likely population reach and effectiveness...
September 23, 2016: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27652110/the-influence-of-corporate-social-responsibility-ability-reputation-and-transparency-on-hotel-customer-loyalty-in-the-u-s-a-gender-based-approach
#19
Sung-Bum Kim, Dae-Young Kim
This research explored a conceptual framework incorporating interrelationships among corporate social responsibility (CSR), corporate ability (CA), corporate reputation (CR), and CSR-related transparency on customer loyalty within the hotel context. In this study, we also analyzed consumers' propensity to support CSR initiatives through the socio-demographic indicator of gender. We used independent sample t test and multiple regression analysis to test hypotheses based on 487 responses from American participants...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650401/-manage-and-mitigate-punitive-regulatory-measures-enhance-the-corporate-image-influence-public-policy-industry-efforts-to-shape-understanding-of-tobacco-attributable-deforestation
#20
Kelley Lee, Natalia Carrillo Botero, Thomas Novotny
BACKGROUND: Deforestation due to tobacco farming began to raise concerns in the mid 1970s. Over the next 40 years, tobacco growing increased significantly and shifted markedly to low- and middle-income countries. The percentage of deforestation caused by tobacco farming reached 4 % globally by the early 2000s, although substantially higher in countries such as China (18 %), Zimbabwe (20 %), Malawi (26 %) and Bangladesh (>30 %). Transnational tobacco companies (TTCs) have argued that tobacco-attributable deforestation is not a serious problem, and that the industry has addressed the issue through corporate social responsibility (CSR) initiatives...
September 20, 2016: Globalization and Health
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