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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099826/-governance-in-a-project-addressing-care-of-disabled-elderly-persons-within-the-regional-healthcare-system-of-tuscany-italy
#1
Claudio Pedace, Antonella Rosa, Paolo Francesconi, Anna Acampora, Walter Ricciardi, Gianfranco Damiani
Population aging and the concurrent increase of age-related chronic degenerative diseases and disability are associated with an increased proportion of elderly persons who are dependent in activities of daily living (ADL). ADL-dependent persons need continuous and long-term health and social care according to the "taking charge" rationale, in order to warrant access and continuity of care. A healthcare system needs to respond to the long-term and complex needs, such as those of disabled elderly people, by providing appropriate health and social care services in Primary Care...
July 2017: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097589/united-nations-global-compact-an-inroad-into-the-un-and-reputation-boost-for-the-tobacco-industry
#2
Yvette van der Eijk, Patricia A McDaniel, Stanton A Glantz, Stella A Bialous
BACKGROUND: The United Nations Global Compact (UNGC), a UN initiative to engage corporations in supporting the UN's mission, sets out principles that companies should follow for more ethical business practices. Since its inception in 2000, at least 13 tobacco companies, subsidiaries and tobacco industry affiliates joined the UNGC. In a September 2017 integrity review, the UNGC Board excluded from UNGC participation companies who derive revenue from tobacco production or manufacturing...
November 2, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078815/study-protocol-incentives-for-increased-access-to-comprehensive-family-planning-for-urban-youth-using-a-benefits-card-in-uganda-a-quasi-experimental-study
#3
Afra Nuwasiima, Elly Nuwamanya, Patricia Navvuga, Janet U Babigumira, Francis T Asiimwe, Solomon J Lubinga, Joseph B Babigumira
BACKGROUND: The use of contraception is one of the most cost-effective public health interventions and has the potential to prevent about 30% of maternal and 10% of child deaths in developing countries. Voucher-based initiatives for family planning are an effective and viable means of increasing contraceptive use. In this paper, we present a protocol for a pilot study of a novel incentive, a family planning benefits card (FPBC) program to increase uptake of family planning services among urban poor youth in Uganda while leveraging private sector funding...
October 27, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057496/media-coverage-of-the-uk-flooding-crisis-a-social-panorama
#4
Norma Valencio, Arthur Valencio
A disaster referred to by the press as the 'UK flooding crisis' occurred between December 2015 and January 2016. This study employed three different levels of analysis to identify a multidimensional perspective adopted in the disaster reporting of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC). These levels revealed details about the social actors and their interactions. The set of news exposed diverse viewpoints on the crisis, from loss and damage to distinct affected subgroups to the various social engagement actions of aid and the multiplicity of technical response measures...
October 23, 2017: Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994712/improving-influenza-vaccination-rate-among-primary-healthcare-workers-in-qatar
#5
Khalid H Elawad, Elmoubasher A Farag, Dina A Abuelgasim, Maria K Smatti, Hamad E Al-Romaihi, Mohammed Al Thani, Hanan Al Mujalli, Zienab Shehata, Merin Alex, Asmaa A Al Thani, Hadi M Yassine
The purpose of this study was to improve influenza vaccination, and determine factors influencing vaccine declination among health care workers (HCW) in Qatar. We launched an influenza vaccination campaign to vaccinate around 4700 HCW in 22 Primary Health Care Corporation (PHCC) centers in Qatar between 1st and 15th of November, 2015. Our target was to vaccinate 60% of all HCW. Vaccine was offered free of charge at all centers, and information about the campaign and the importance of influenza vaccination was provided to employees through direct communication, emails, and social media networks...
October 10, 2017: Vaccines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949460/the-untapped-power-of-soda-taxes-incentivizing-consumers-generating-revenue-and-altering-corporate-behavior
#6
EDITORIAL
Sarah A Roache, Lawrence O Gostin
Globally, soda taxes are gaining momentum as powerful interventions to discourage sugar consumption and thereby reduce the growing burden of obesity and non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Evidence from early adopters including Mexico and Berkeley, California, confirms that soda taxes can disincentivize consumption through price increases and raise revenue to support government programs. The United Kingdom's new graduated levy on sweetened beverages is yielding yet another powerful impact: soda manufacturers are reformulating their beverages to significantly reduce the sugar content...
June 14, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943685/disciplinary-practices-metaparenting-and-the-quality-of-parent-child-relationships-in-african-american-mexican-american-and-european-american-mothers
#7
George W Holden, Carol Kozak Hawk, Margaret M Smith, Jimmy Singh, Rose Ashraf
Coercive responses to children's behavior are well recognized to be problematic for children's adjustment. Less well understood is how parental social cognition is linked to discipline. In this study we sought to link metaparenting - parents' thoughts about their parenting - to the use of coercive discipline. We predicted that mothers who engaged in more metaparenting, thus reflecting more deliberate parenting, would use corporal punishment less frequently and instead engage in non-coercive discipline. We also expected that mothers who engaged in more metaparenting would report closer relationships with their children...
2017: International Journal of Behavioral Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928317/tobacco-industry-interference-a-review-of-three-south-east-asian-countries
#8
Mary Assunta, Bungon Ritthiphakdee, Widyastuti Soerojo, May Myat Cho, Worrawan Jirathanapiwat
BACKGROUND: The WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) Article 5.3 requires governments to protect tobacco control policies from the commercial interest of the tobacco industry (TI). TI interference is the biggest barrier to implementing comprehensive tobacco control measures. OBJECTIVE: This paper reviews the extent of the TI's interference in tobacco control policy development in three countries, Thailand, Myanmar, and Indonesia, and the governments' efforts to protect these policies...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904248/the-system-and-human-resources-for-occupational-health-in-republic-of-indonesia-for-japanese-enterprises-to-manage-proper-occupational-health-activities-at-overseas-workplaces
#9
Ko Hiraoka, Shigeyuki Kajiki, Yuichi Kobayashi, Nuri Purwito Adi, Dewi Sumaryani Soemarko, Masamichi Uehara, Shigemoto Nakanishi, Koji Mori
OBJECTIVES: To consider the appropriate occupational health system for Japanese enterprises in Indonesia with information on the regulations and development of the specialists. METHODS: In this study, we used the information-gathering checklist developed by Kajiki et al. Along with literature and internet surveys, we surveyed local corporations owned and operated by Indonesians, central government agencies in charge of medical and health issues, a Japanese independent administrative agency supporting subsidiaries of overseas Japanese enterprises, and an educational institution formulating specialized occupational physician training curricula...
September 13, 2017: Sangyō Eiseigaku Zasshi, Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881410/how-alcohol-industry-organisations-mislead-the-public-about-alcohol-and-cancer
#10
Mark Petticrew, Nason Maani Hessari, Cécile Knai, Elisabete Weiderpass
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Alcohol consumption increases the risk of several types of cancer, including several common cancers. As part of their corporate social responsibility activities, the alcohol industry (AI) disseminates information about alcohol and cancer. We examined the information on this which the AI disseminates to the public through its 'social aspects and public relations organizations' and related bodies. The aim of the study was to determine its comprehensiveness and accuracy...
September 7, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846027/perceptions-of-social-responsibility-of-prominent-animal-welfare-groups
#11
Nicole J Olynk Widmar, Carissa J Morgan, Candace C Croney
Nonhuman animal welfare is an increasingly important component of consumer expectations of corporate social responsibility (CSR). The extent to which prominent animal welfare or protection organizations may influence people's perceptions of food industry CSR may be related to an organization's perceived social responsibility. Data from an online survey of 300 U.S. residents were used to explore relationships between demographics/lifestyle choices and perceptions of prominent animal welfare organizations (using best-worst scaling methodology)...
January 2018: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806649/firm-performance-and-the-role-of-environmental-management
#12
Tommy Lundgren, Wenchao Zhou
This paper analyzes the interactions between three dimensions of firm performance - productivity, energy efficiency, and environmental performance - and especially sheds light on the role of environmental management. In this context, environmental management is investments to reduce environmental impact, which may also affect firm competitiveness, in terms of change in productivity, and spur more (or less) efficient use of energy. We apply data envelopment analysis (DEA) technique to calculate the Malmquist firm performance indexes, and a panel vector auto-regression (VAR) methodology is utilized to investigate the dynamic and causal relationship between the three dimensions of firm performance and environmental investment...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717755/innovative-breast-cancer-awareness-and-advocacy-campaign
#13
Omolola Salako, Alero A Roberts, Victor I Isibor, Oluwatimilehin Babatunde, Omolara Fatiregun, Chukwumere N Nwogu
Breast cancer is a major disease in Nigeria; in 2012, 27,304 new occurrences were diagnosed, and the number of mortalities was 13,960. Greater than 70% of patients present with advanced disease, which has a poor survival outcome. The mortality rates are high mainly because of a lack of awareness about breast health, screening guidelines, and treatment centers, and because of sociocultural barriers. In Nigeria, health care professionals remain the backbone for the provision of medical information to the public...
April 2017: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695633/industry-responsibilities-in-tackling-direct-to-consumer-marketing-of-unproven-stem-cell-treatments
#14
REVIEW
Z Master, W Fu, D Paciulli, D Sipp
The direct-to-consumer marketing of unproven stem cell interventions (SCIs) is a serious public health concern. Regulations and education have had modest impact, indicating that different actors must play a role to stop this unfettered market. We consider the role of the biotech industry in tackling unproven SCIs. Grounded in the concept of corporate social responsibility, we argue that biotech companies should screen consumers to ensure that products and services are being used appropriately and educate employees about unproven SCIs...
August 2017: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685318/us-media-coverage-of-tobacco-industry-corporate-social-responsibility-initiatives
#15
Patricia A McDaniel, E Anne Lown, Ruth E Malone
Media coverage of tobacco industry corporate social responsibility (CSR) initiatives represents a competitive field where tobacco control advocates and the tobacco industry vie to shape public and policymaker understandings about tobacco control and the industry. Through a content analysis of 649 US news items, we examined US media coverage of tobacco industry CSR and identified characteristics of media items associated with positive coverage. Most coverage appeared in local newspapers, and CSR initiatives unrelated to tobacco, with non-controversial beneficiaries, were most commonly mentioned...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654801/hybrid-governance-of-aquaculture-opportunities-and-challenges
#16
Joanna Vince, Marcus Haward
The development of third party assessment and certification of fisheries and aquaculture has provided new forms of governance in sectors that were traditionally dominated by state based regulation. Emerging market based approaches are driven by shareholder expectations as well as commitment to corporate social responsibility, whereas community engagement is increasingly centered on the questions of social license to operate. Third party assessment and certification links state, market and community into an interesting and challenging hybrid form of governance...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618560/topology-dependent-rationality-and-quantal-response-equilibria-in-structured-populations
#17
Sabin Roman, Markus Brede
Given that the assumption of perfect rationality is rarely met in the real world, we explore a graded notion of rationality in socioecological systems of networked actors. We parametrize an actors' rationality via their place in a social network and quantify system rationality via the average Jensen-Shannon divergence between the games Nash and logit quantal response equilibria. Previous work has argued that scale-free topologies maximize a system's overall rationality in this setup. Here we show that while, for certain games, it is true that increasing degree heterogeneity of complex networks enhances rationality, rationality-optimal configurations are not scale-free...
May 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542512/correction-development-of-closed-loop-supply-chain-network-in-terms-of-corporate-social-responsibility
#18
Ali Pedram, Payam Pedram, Nukman Bin Yusoff, Shahryar Sorooshian
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0174951.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470132/value-based-hr-practices-i-deals-and-clinical-error-control-with-csr-as-a-moderator
#19
Tuan Luu, Chris Rowley, Sununta Siengthai, Vo Thanh Thao
Purpose Notwithstanding the rising magnitude of system factors in patient safety improvement, "human factors" such as idiosyncratic deals (i-deals) which also contribute to the adjustment of system deficiencies should not be neglected. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the role of value-based HR practices in catalyzing i-deals, which then influence clinical error control. The research further examines the moderating role of corporate social responsibility (CSR) on the effect of value-based HR practices on i-deals...
May 8, 2017: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464860/occupational-safety-and-health-aspects-of-corporate-social-responsibility-reporting-in-japan-from-2004-to-2012
#20
Tomohisa Nagata, Akinori Nakata, Koji Mori, Takashi Maruyama, Futoshi Kawashita, Masako Nagata
BACKGROUND: A number of companies publish corporate social responsibility (CSR) reporting in booklets and other publicly available formats. The purpose of this paper is to clarify the nine-year (2004-2012) trend of occupational safety and health (OSH) activities as described in CSR reporting (by industry sector and company size). METHODS: We investigated CSR reporting on the website in all Japanese companies listed on the first section of the Tokyo Stock Exchange...
May 2, 2017: BMC Public Health
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