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Corporate social responsibility

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426321/hansae-vietnam-s-garment-factory-latest-example-of-how-corporate-social-responsibility-has-failed-to-protect-workers
#1
Garrett Brown
A Korean-operated garment factory complex in Vietnam was subject to 26 separate corporate social responsibility (CSR) audits in 2015. However, thorough inspections by two other non-governmental organizations in 2016 found numerous violations of Vietnamese occupational health and safety and labor laws as well as violations of the corporate codes of conduct of the international clothing brands which source apparel from the facility. The 2016 investigations indicate the lack of efficacy of the 2015 CSR audits and call into question whether voluntary CSR programs and audits by for-profit CSR monitoring companies can effectively protect the health, safety and legal rights of workers in global supply chains...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398571/what-does-the-alcohol-industry-mean-by-responsible-drinking-a-comparative-analysis
#2
N Maani Hessari, M Petticrew
Background: The alcohol industry uses responsible drinking messaging as a central element of its corporate social responsibility (CSR) activities. It has been argued that such messaging is vague, and potentially part of broader CSR activities to protect industry interests at the expense of public health. This study aimed to identify how industry defines responsible drinking, and in what contexts it is used. Methods: This was a qualitative documentary analysis of publicly available documents and web pages, including company web pages, press releases, reports and blogs from a representative selection of alcohol producers, and industry social aspect/public relations organizations; these were compared to health NGOs and Public Health England...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397177/bankruptcy-prevention-new-effort-to-reflect-on-legal-and-social-changes
#3
Tomas Kliestik, Maria Misankova, Katarina Valaskova, Lucia Svabova
Every corporation has an economic and moral responsibility to its stockholders to perform well financially. However, the number of bankruptcies in Slovakia has been growing for several years without an apparent macroeconomic cause. To prevent a rapid denigration and to prevent the outflow of foreign capital, various efforts are being zealously implemented. Robust analysis using conventional bankruptcy prediction tools revealed that the existing models are adaptable to local conditions, particularly local legislation...
April 10, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384250/development-of-closed-loop-supply-chain-network-in-terms-of-corporate-social-responsibility
#4
Ali Pedram, Payam Pedram, Nukman Bin Yusoff, Shahryar Sorooshian
Due to the rise in awareness of environmental issues and the depletion of virgin resources, many firms have attempted to increase the sustainability of their activities. One efficient way to elevate sustainability is the consideration of corporate social responsibility (CSR) by designing a closed loop supply chain (CLSC). This paper has developed a mathematical model to increase corporate social responsibility in terms of job creation. Moreover the model, in addition to increasing total CLSC profit, provides a range of strategic decision solutions for decision makers to select a best action plan for a CLSC...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369716/corporate-social-responsibility-and-conflicts-of-interest-in-the-alcohol-and-gambling-industries-a-post-political-discourse
#5
Ben Baumberg Geiger, Valentina Cuzzocrea
The corporate pursuit of social goals - known as Corporate Social Responsibility or 'CSR' - has been subject to critique on a number of grounds. However, a hitherto underexplored potential consequence of CSR has been suggested in a recent paper by C. Garsten and K. Jacobsson ('Post-Political Regulation: Soft Power and Post-political Visions in Global Governance' (2013), Critical Sociology 39: 421-37). They suggest that CSR is part of an international trend towards 'post-political' governance discourses, where an emphasis on different actors' common goals obscures conflicts of interest, subverting the open political conflict necessary for a well-functioning democracy...
March 28, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332460/framing-the-tax-and-health-nexus-a-neglected-aspect-of-public-health-concern
#6
David Mccoy, Simukai Chigudu, Taavi Tillmann
Previous studies have described various associations between tax policy and health. Here we propose a unifying conceptual framework of 'Five R's' to stimulate awareness about the importance of tax to health improvement. First, tax can improve representation and democratic accountability, and help make governments more responsive to the needs of its citizens. Second, tax can create a revenue stream for a universal pool of public finance for health care and other public services. Third, progressive taxation when combined with appropriate public spending can help redistribute wealth and income and mitigate social and health inequalities...
April 2017: Health Economics, Policy, and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322529/-interventi-di-popolazione-per-contrastare-l-epidemia-di-prodotti-insalubri
#7
Giuseppe Gorini
"The multinational corporations producing tobacco, alcohol, soft drinks, and processed foods have a role of vectors in the increase of chronic diseases, so that one can speak of manufacturing epidemics. The main aim of this paper is to conduct a literature review on different approaches in population-based interventions to stem the rise in consumption of unhealthy products. Different approaches were found: • command-and-control regulations: the route is definitely more advanced for tobacco with the implementation of an international treaty, which requires 180 ratifying states to implement a series of tobacco control policies...
January 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277723/employees-responses-to-an-organizational-merger-intraindividual-change-in-organizational-identification-attachment-and-turnover
#8
Wookje Sung, Meredith L Woehler, Jesse M Fagan, Travis J Grosser, Theresa M Floyd, Giuseppe Joe Labianca
The authors used pre-post merger data from 599 employees experiencing a major corporate merger to compare 3 conceptual models based on the logic of social identity theory (SIT) and exchange theory to explain employees' merger responses. At issue is how perceived change in employees' own jobs and roles (i.e., personal valence) and perceived change in their organization's status and merger appropriateness (i.e., organizational valence) affect their changing organizational identification, attachment attitudes, and voluntary turnover...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244060/burnout-and-sources-of-stress-among-medical-residents-at-hamad-medical-corporation-qatar
#9
Abdelhamid Afana, Jess Ghannam, Evelyn Y Ho, Abdullatif Al-Khal, Banan Al-Arab, Carma L Bylund
This study aimed to describe the experiences of stress and burnout and sociodemographic factors associated with dimensions of stress among medical residents at Hamad Medical Corporation, Qatar. Medical residents participating in a stress management course were asked to complete an anonymous survey. The survey included demographic questions, the Abbreviated Maslach Inventory, and 4 open-ended questions on experiences with stress. Of the 150 residents participating in the stress management course, 142 responded to the survey, listing an average of 2...
February 21, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237942/the-flip-side-of-natural-american-spirit-corporate-social-responsibility-advertising
#10
Anna E Epperson, Judith J Prochaska, Lisa Henriksen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 25, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222793/corporate-social-responsibility-to-improve-access-to-medicines-the-case-of-brazil
#11
Halla Thorsteinsdóttir, Natasha Ovtcharenko, Jillian Clare Kohler
BACKGROUND: Access to medicines and the development of a strong national pharmaceutical industry are two longstanding pillars of health policy in Brazil. This is reflected in a clear emphasis by Brazil's Federal Government on improving access to medicine in national health plans and industrial policies aimed at promoting domestic pharmaceutical development. This research proposes that such policies may act as incentives for companies to pursue a strategic Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) agenda...
February 21, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170406/youth-as-contested-sites-of-culture-the-intergenerational-acculturation-gap-amongst-new-migrant-communities-parental-and-young-adult-perspectives
#12
Andre M N Renzaho, Nidhi Dhingra, Nichole Georgeou
BACKGROUND: Immigration often results in changes in family dynamics, and within this process of dynamic relational adjustment youth can be conceptualised as contested sites of culture and associated intergenerational conflicts. This paper considers the experiences of migrant youth in Greater Western Sydney, New South Wales, Australia using conflict as a useful lens through which to view issues of migrant youth identity and their sense of social connectedness, belonging, and agency. The aim of this study was twofold: 1) to explore how migrant youth cope with acculturative stress and intergenerational conflicts, and 2) to better understand the systemic and family-related factors that facilitate positive settlement experiences for migrant youth...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166801/assessing-the-health-impact-of-transnational-corporations-a-case-study-on-mcdonald-s-australia
#13
Julia Anaf, Frances E Baum, Matt Fisher, Elizabeth Harris, Sharon Friel
BACKGROUND: The practices of transnational corporations affect population health through production methods, shaping social determinants of health, or influencing the regulatory structures governing their activities. There has been limited research on community exposures to TNC policies and practices. Our pilot research used McDonald's Australia to test methods for assessing the health impacts of one TNC within Australia. METHODS: We adapted existing Health Impact Assessment methods to assess McDonald's activities...
February 6, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118411/analysis-of-alcohol-industry-submissions-against-marketing-regulation
#14
Florentine Petronella Martino, Peter Graeme Miller, Kerri Coomber, Linda Hancock, Kypros Kypri
A growing body of literature points to the role of vested interests as a barrier to the implementation of effective public health policies. Corporate political activity by the alcohol industry is commonly used to influence policy and regulation. It is important for policy makers to be able to critique alcohol industry claims opposed to improved alcohol marketing regulation. The Australian National Preventive Health Agency reviewed alcohol marketing regulations in 2012 and stakeholders were invited to comment on them...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109763/healthier-children-s-meals-in-restaurants-an%C3%A2-exploratory-study-to-inform-approaches-that%C3%A2-are-acceptable-across-stakeholders
#15
Stephanie Anzman-Frasca, Sara C Folta, Meaghan E Glenn, Anita Jones-Mueller, Vanessa M Lynskey, Anjali A Patel, Lisa L Tse, Nanette V Lopez
OBJECTIVE: Assess parents', children's, and restaurant executives' perspectives on children's meals in restaurants. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Parents and children completed predominantly quantitative surveys at 4 quick- and full-service restaurant locations. Telephone interviews were conducted with executives representing additional restaurants. PARTICIPANTS: Parents (n = 59) and their first- through fourth-grade children (n = 58); executives (n = 4)...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099060/understanding-medicaid-managed-care-investments-in-members-social-determinants-of-health
#16
Laura Gottlieb, Sara Ackerman, Holly Wing, Rishi Manchanda
Despite widespread interest in addressing social determinants of health (SDH) as a means to improve health and to reduce health care spending, little information is available about how to develop, sustain, and scale nonmedical interventions in diverse payer environments, including Medicaid Managed Care. This study aimed to explore how Medicaid Managed Care Organization (MMCO) leaders interpret their roles and responsibilities around SDH, how they garner resources to develop and sustain interventions to address SDH, and how they perceive the influences of external organizations on related activities...
January 18, 2017: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092758/between-a-rock-and-a-hard-place-economic-expansion-and-social-responsibility-in-uk-media-discourses-on-the-global-alcohol-industry
#17
Mary Thornton, Benjamin Hawkins
CONTEXT: Transnational alcohol corporations (TACs) employ a range of strategies to achieve their business objectives, including attempts to frame perceptions of their activities in media debates. TACs aim to achieve a favourable regulatory environment by presenting themselves as socially responsible actors. However, the need to secure financial investment means they must also emphasise their potential for growth. This article investigates tensions between these objectives in coverage of the global alcohol industry in the UK print media...
February 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075542/considering-marijuana-legalization-carefully-insights-for-other-jurisdictions-from-analysis-for-vermont
#18
Jonathan P Caulkins, Beau Kilmer
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: In 2014 the legislature of Vermont, USA passed a law requiring the Secretary of Administration to report on the consequences of legalizing marijuana. The RAND Corporation was commissioned to write that report. This paper summarizes insights from that analysis that are germane to other jurisdictions. METHOD: Translation of key findings from the RAND Corporation report to the broader policy debate. RESULTS: Marijuana legalization encompasses a wide range of possible regimes, distinguished along at least four dimensions: which organizations are allowed to produce and supply the drug, the regulations under which they operate, the nature of the products that can be distributed and taxes and prices...
December 2016: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069991/community-alcohol-partnerships-with-the-alcohol-industry-what-is-their-purpose-and-are-they-effective-in-reducing-alcohol-harms
#19
M Petticrew, N Douglas, P D'Souza, Y M Shi, M A Durand, C Knai, E Eastmure, N Mays
BACKGROUND: Local initiatives to reduce alcohol harms are common. One UK approach, Community Alcohol Partnerships (CAPs), involves partnerships between the alcohol industry and local government, focussing on alcohol misuse and anti-social behaviour (ASB) among young people. This study aimed to assess the evidence of effectiveness of CAPs. METHODS: We searched CAP websites and documents, and databases, and contacted CAPs to identify evaluations and summarize their findings...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000093/engineering-students-views-of-corporate-social-responsibility-a-case-study-from-petroleum-engineering
#20
Jessica M Smith, Carrie J McClelland, Nicole M Smith
The mining and energy industries present unique challenges to engineers, who must navigate sometimes competing responsibilities and codes of conduct, such as personal senses of right and wrong, professional ethics codes, and their employers' corporate social responsibility (CSR) policies. Corporate social responsibility (CSR) is the current dominant framework used by industry to conceptualize firms' responsibilities to their stakeholders, yet has it plays a relatively minor role in engineering ethics education...
December 20, 2016: Science and Engineering Ethics
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