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Corporate social responsibility

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825351/determining-the-spatial-heterogeneity-underlying-racial-and-ethnic-differences-in-timely-mammography-screening
#1
Joseph Gibbons, Melody K Schiaffino
BACKGROUND: The leading cause of cancer death for women worldwide continues to be breast cancer. Early detection through timely mammography has been recognized to increase the probability of survival. While mammography rates have risen for many women in recent years, disparities in screening along racial/ethnic lines persist across nations. In this paper, we argue that the role of local context, as identified through spatial heterogeneity, is an unexplored dynamic which explains some of the gaps in mammography utilization by race/ethnicity...
November 8, 2016: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814731/a-call-to-action-on-women-s-health-putting-corporate-csr-standards-for-workplace-health-on-the-global-health-agenda
#2
David Wofford, Shawn MacDonald, Carolyn Rodehau
Business operates within a Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) system that the global health community should harness to advance women's health and related sustainable development goals for workers and communities in low- and middle-income countries. Corporations and their vast networks of supplier companies, particularly in manufacturing and agribusiness, employ millions of workers, increasingly comprised of young women, who lack access to health information, products and services. However, occupational safety and health practices focus primarily on safety issues and fail to address the health needs, including reproductive health, of women workers...
November 4, 2016: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805333/knowledge-attitude-and-behavioural-response-of-corporate-employees-in-india-towards-influenza-a-questionnaire-based-study
#3
Parvaiz A Koul, Nargis K Bali, Sandeep Sonawane
OBJECTIVE: Understanding about influenza would be helpful in adapting preventive measures like social distancing, seeking medical attention and getting vaccinated. The objective of this study was to evaluate knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) towards influenza among Indian corporate employees and assessment of their awareness through a questionnaire-based survey. METHODS: Indian corporate employees of either gender (≥18 years) were provided with a self-administered questionnaire with domains namely knowledge (21 questions), attitude (6 questions), and practices (6 questions)...
November 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796725/restoring-a-reputation-invoking-the-unesco-universal-declaration-on-bioethics-and-human-rights-to-bear-on-pharmaceutical-pricing
#4
Daniel J Hurst
In public health, the issue of pharmaceutical pricing is a perennial problem. Recent high-profile examples, such as the September 2015 debacle involving Martin Shkreli and Turing Pharmaceuticals, are indicative of larger, systemic difficulties that plague the pharmaceutical industry in regards to drug pricing and the impact it yields on their reputation in the eyes of the public. For public health ethics, the issue of pharmaceutical pricing is rather crucial. Simply, individuals within a population require pharmaceuticals for disease prevention and management...
October 28, 2016: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729304/ibm-watson-analytics-automating-visualization-descriptive-and-predictive-statistics
#5
Robert Eugene Hoyt, Dallas Snider, Carla Thompson, Sarita Mantravadi
BACKGROUND: We live in an era of explosive data generation that will continue to grow and involve all industries. One of the results of this explosion is the need for newer and more efficient data analytics procedures. Traditionally, data analytics required a substantial background in statistics and computer science. In 2015, International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) released the IBM Watson Analytics (IBMWA) software that delivered advanced statistical procedures based on the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS)...
October 11, 2016: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707151/addressing-current-and-future-challenges-for-the-nhs-the-role-of-good-leadership
#6
Lotte Elton
Purpose This paper aims to describe and analyse some of the ways in which good leadership can enable those working within the National Health Service (NHS) to weather the changes and difficulties likely to arise in the coming years, and takes the format of an essay written by the prize-winner of the Faculty of Medical Leadership and Management's Student Prize. The Faculty of Medical Leadership and Management ran its inaugural Student Prize in 2015-2016, which aimed at medical students with an interest in medical leadership...
October 3, 2016: Leadership in Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692891/sustainable-infrastructure-a-review-and-a-research-agenda
#7
Antônio Márcio Tavares Thomé, Paula Santos Ceryno, Annibal Scavarda, Arne Remmen
This paper proposes a taxonomy of themes and a research agenda on sustainable infrastructure, with a focus on sustainable buildings (SB) and green infrastructure (GI). The citation databases of Web of Science formed the basis for a novel strategic thematic analysis of co-citation and co-occurrence of keywords with a longitudinal identification of themes during the last two decades (from 1995 to 2015) of an emerging and ever growing research area. SI is a multidisciplinary endeavour, including a diversified array of disciplines as general engineering, environmental ecology, construction, architecture, urban planning, and geography...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27661467/the-marketing-potential-of-corporate-social-responsibility-activities-the-case-of-the-alcohol-industry-in-latin-america-and-the-caribbean
#8
Daniela Pantani, Raquel Peltzer, Mariana Cremonte, Katherine Robaina, Thomas Babor, Ilana Pinsky
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: To 1) identify, monitor and analyze the Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) practices of the alcohol industry in Latin American and the Caribbean (LAC) and 2) examine whether the alcohol industry is using these actions to market their products and brands. METHODS: Nine health experts from Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay conducted a content analysis of 218 CSR activities using a standardized protocol. A content rating procedure was used to evaluate the marketing potential of CSR activities as well as their likely population reach and effectiveness...
September 23, 2016: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27652110/the-influence-of-corporate-social-responsibility-ability-reputation-and-transparency-on-hotel-customer-loyalty-in-the-u-s-a-gender-based-approach
#9
Sung-Bum Kim, Dae-Young Kim
This research explored a conceptual framework incorporating interrelationships among corporate social responsibility (CSR), corporate ability (CA), corporate reputation (CR), and CSR-related transparency on customer loyalty within the hotel context. In this study, we also analyzed consumers' propensity to support CSR initiatives through the socio-demographic indicator of gender. We used independent sample t test and multiple regression analysis to test hypotheses based on 487 responses from American participants...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650401/-manage-and-mitigate-punitive-regulatory-measures-enhance-the-corporate-image-influence-public-policy-industry-efforts-to-shape-understanding-of-tobacco-attributable-deforestation
#10
Kelley Lee, Natalia Carrillo Botero, Thomas Novotny
BACKGROUND: Deforestation due to tobacco farming began to raise concerns in the mid 1970s. Over the next 40 years, tobacco growing increased significantly and shifted markedly to low- and middle-income countries. The percentage of deforestation caused by tobacco farming reached 4 % globally by the early 2000s, although substantially higher in countries such as China (18 %), Zimbabwe (20 %), Malawi (26 %) and Bangladesh (>30 %). Transnational tobacco companies (TTCs) have argued that tobacco-attributable deforestation is not a serious problem, and that the industry has addressed the issue through corporate social responsibility (CSR) initiatives...
September 20, 2016: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27636883/diageo-s-stop-out-of-control-drinking-campaign-in-ireland-an-analysis
#11
Mark Petticrew, Niamh Fitzgerald, Mary Alison Durand, Cécile Knai, Martin Davoren, Ivan Perry
BACKGROUND: It has been argued that the alcohol industry uses corporate social responsibility activities to influence policy and undermine public health, and that every opportunity should be taken to scrutinise such activities. This study analyses a controversial Diageo-funded 'responsible drinking' campaign ("Stop out of Control Drinking", or SOOCD) in Ireland. The study aims to identify how the campaign and its advisory board members frame and define (i) alcohol-related harms, and their causes, and (ii) possible solutions...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613924/young-adult-perceptions-of-the-british-american-tobacco-new-zealand-agree-disagree-plain-packaging-counter-campaign
#12
Judith McCool, Cecilia Wong-Cornall, Becky Freeman
INTRODUCTION: In 2012, British American Tobacco New Zealand (BATNZ) launched a mass media campaign branded "Agree/ Disagree" as a response to the New Zealand government's plans to introduce plain packaging. We examined young adult's views about the campaign to assist tobacco control policymakers in planning future interventions. METHODS: Interviews with young adults living in the Auckland area were conducted. Interviews covered existing knowledge about plain packaging of tobacco, knowledge about the tobacco industry, and perceptions of specific advertisements included in the campaign...
July 19, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611609/development-and-validation-of-quality-criteria-for-providing-patient-and-family-centered-injury-care
#13
Jamie M Boyd, Rachael Burton, Barb L Butler, Dianne Dyer, David C Evans, Melissa Felteau, Russell L Gruen, Kenneth M Jaffe, John Kortbeek, Eddy Lang, Val Lougheed, Lynne Moore, Michelle Narciso, Peter Oxland, Frederick P Rivara, Derek Roberts, Diana Sarakbi, Karen Vine, Henry T Stelfox
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop and evaluate the content validity of quality criteria for providing patient- and family-centered injury care. BACKGROUND: Quality criteria have been developed for clinical injury care, but not patient- and family-centered injury care. METHODS: Using a modified Research AND Development Corporation (RAND)/University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) Appropriateness Methodology, a panel of 16 patients, family members, injury and quality of care experts serially rated and revised criteria for patient- and family-centered injury care identified from patient and family focus groups...
September 8, 2016: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611103/do-code-of-conduct-audits-improve-chemical-safety-in-garment-factories-lessons-on-corporate-social-responsibility-in-the-supply-chain-from-fair-wear-foundation
#14
Henrik Lindholm, Niklas Egels-Zandén, Christina Rudén
BACKGROUND: In managing chemical risks to the environment and human health in supply chains, voluntary corporate social responsibility (CSR) measures, such as auditing code of conduct compliance, play an important role. OBJECTIVES: To examine how well suppliers' chemical health and safety performance complies with buyers' CSR policies and whether audited factories improve their performance. METHODS: CSR audits (n = 288) of garment factories conducted by Fair Wear Foundation (FWF), an independent non-profit organization, were analyzed using descriptive statistics and statistical modeling...
September 9, 2016: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27599835/economic-burden-of-malaria-on-businesses-in-ghana-a-case-for-private-sector-investment-in-malaria-control
#15
Justice Nonvignon, Genevieve Cecilia Aryeetey, Keziah L Malm, Samuel Agyei Agyemang, Vivian N A Aubyn, Nana Yaw Peprah, Constance N Bart-Plange, Moses Aikins
BACKGROUND: Despite the significant gains made globally in reducing the burden of malaria, the disease remains a major public health challenge, especially in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) including Ghana. There is a significant gap in financing malaria control globally. The private sector could become a significant source of financing malaria control. To get the private sector to appreciate the need to invest in malaria control, it is important to provide evidence of the economic burden of malaria on businesses...
2016: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27597797/determinants-of-health-related-lifestyles-among-university-students
#16
Carmen Aceijas, Sabrina Waldhäusl, Nicky Lambert, Simon Cassar, Rafael Bello-Corassa
AIMS: The aim of this study was to investigate students' health-related lifestyles and to identify barriers and social determinants of healthier lifestyles. METHODS: An online survey, two focus groups and three in-depth interviews across 2014/2015. A stratified by school size and random sample (n = 468) of university students answered a 67-item questionnaire comprising six scales: Rapid Assessment of Physical Activity, Rapid Eating and Activity Assessment for Patients-Short Version, CAGE, Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence, Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Wellbeing Scale short version, and ad hoc scale for drug use/misuse...
September 5, 2016: Perspectives in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595527/multilevel-corporate-environmental-responsibility
#17
Orr Karassin, Aviad Bar-Haim
The multilevel empirical study of the antecedents of corporate social responsibility (CSR) has been identified as "the first knowledge gap" in CSR research. Based on an extensive literature review, the present study outlines a conceptual multilevel model of CSR, then designs and empirically validates an operational multilevel model of the principal driving factors affecting corporate environmental responsibility (CER), as a measure of CSR. Both conceptual and operational models incorporate three levels of analysis: institutional, organizational, and individual...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27588009/is-dealing-with-climate-change-a-corporation-s-responsibility-a-social-contract-perspective
#18
Kerrie L Unsworth, Sally V Russell, Matthew C Davis
In this paper, we argue that individuals - as members of society - play an important role in the expectations of whether or not companies are responsible for addressing environmental issues, and whether or not governments should regulate them. From this perspective of corporate social responsibility as a social contract we report the results of a survey of 1066 individuals. The aim of the survey was to assess participants' belief in anthropogenic climate change, free-market ideology, and beliefs around who is responsible for dealing with climate change...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27577053/why-media-representations-of-corporations-matter-for-public-health-policy-a-scoping-review
#19
Heide Weishaar, Lori Dorfman, Nicholas Freudenberg, Benjamin Hawkins, Katherine Smith, Oliver Razum, Shona Hilton
BACKGROUND: Media representations play a crucial role in informing public and policy opinions about the causes of, and solutions to, ill-health. This paper reviews studies analysing media coverage of non-communicable disease (NCD) debates, focusing on how the industries marketing commodities that increase NCD risk are represented. METHODS: A scoping review identified 61 studies providing information on media representations of NCD risks, NCD policies and tobacco, alcohol, processed food and soft drinks industries...
2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27573294/leveraging-corporate-social-responsibility-to-improve-consumer-safety-of-dietary-supplements-sold-for-weight-loss-and-muscle-building
#20
Anvita Kulkarni, Ryan Huerto, Christina A Roberto, S Bryn Austin
The potential dangers associated with dietary supplements sold for weight loss and muscle building are well documented and increasingly garnering the attention of the media, public, and government leaders. Public health professionals have an opportunity to improve population health in the context of dietary supplement use by translating scientific evidence into action. In this commentary, we discuss the potential to motivate corporate social responsibility (CSR) among manufacturers and retailers of dietary supplements sold for weight loss and muscle building...
August 29, 2016: Translational Behavioral Medicine
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