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Appendiceal mass

Msj Wilson, P Maniam, A Ibrahim, N Makaram, S R Knight, P Patil
Introduction The use of polymeric clips in securing the appendiceal stump has been increasingly reported as a viable alternative to current methods in emergency laparoscopic appendicectomy. We evaluated the operative outcomes following the use of polymeric clips versus endoscopic ligatures. The primary endpoint was operative time, with secondary outcomes including complications, inpatient stay, and cost analysis. Materials and methods Operative records were retrospectively analysed to identify patients undergoing laparoscopic appendicectomy between January 2014 and June 2015...
March 15, 2018: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
Carissa A Low, Dana H Bovbjerg, Steven Ahrendt, M Haroon Choudry, Matthew Holtzman, Heather L Jones, James F Pingpank, Lekshmi Ramalingam, Herbert J Zeh, Amer H Zureikat, David L Bartlett
Background: Postoperative ambulation is encouraged to promote timely recovery but is rarely monitored objectively or examined as a predictor of clinical outcomes, despite growing availability of wearable devices that allow passive quantification and remote real-time monitoring of the number of steps taken during recovery. Purpose: To determine whether the number of steps taken during inpatient recovery predicts 30- and 60-day readmission risk after metastatic cancer surgery...
January 5, 2018: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
Brianna J Shinn, Laura J Tafe, Pantila Vanichakarn
BACKGROUND Carcinoid tumor, benign, low-grade malignant, and high-grade malignant, can be associated with the release of vasoactive substances that cause symptoms including cutaneous flushing, diarrhea, and bronchospasm. In 50-60% of patients with carcinoid syndrome, the vasoactive substances cause fibrosis of the pulmonary and tricuspid heart valves which lead to regurgitation and right-sided heart failure. The right side of the heart is usually affected because monoamine oxidases in the lungs usually inactivate the vasoactive substances...
March 12, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
Lieselotte Lemoine, Elsy Thijssen, Jean-Paul Noben, Peter Adriaensens, Robert Carleer, Kurt Van der Speeten
Oxaliplatin is a platinum (Pt)1 containing antineoplastic agent that is applied in current clinical practice for the treatment of colon and appendiceal neoplasms. A fully validated, highly sensitive, high throughput inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) method is provided to quantify the total Pt content in plasma, plasma ultrafiltrate, urine and peritoneal fluid. In this ICP-MS approach, the only step of sample preparation is a 1000-fold dilution in 0.5% nitric acid, allowing the analysis of 17 samples per hour...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Satoshi Kataoka, Kei Naito, Koji Miyagawa, Yosuke Ishihara, Nobuaki Fuji
We report a case oftwo -stage right hemicolectomy in which the first surgery performed was laparoscopic ileocecal resection based on the preoperative diagnosis ofacute appendicitis. The second surgery was performed based on pathological diagnosis ofadvanced cecal cancer accompanied by appendicitis. A 49-year-old woman came to our hospital with a chief complaint of abdominal pain in the lower quadrant for 1 week. Blood test results indicated an inflammatory response, with white blood cells at 10,000/mL and C-reactive protein of1 7...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Arif Emre, Mehmet Sertkaya, İlhami Taner Kale
Objective: Appendiceal mucinous tumors can be encountered in four different types. The clinical approach varies according to these types and the severity of the present disease. We aimed to share clinical, radiological, and pathological features and surgical options of the patients diagnosed with mucinous tumors at our center. Material and Methods: Between August 2009 and March 2016, 757 patients underwent appendectomy for presumed diagnosis of acute appendicitis at the Department of Surgery, Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam University School of Medicine, Kahramanmaraş, Turkey...
2017: Turkish Journal of Surgery
Kyle D Klingbeil, Basem Azab, Mecker G Moller
BACKGROUND: A distended, mucous-filled appendix is known as an appendiceal mucocele. They are a rare form of an appendiceal mass and develop from both benign and malignant processes. Mucoceles can develop secondarily to an obstruction, such as from a fecalith, scarring or, rarely, endometriosis. Only 12 cases of non-neoplastic appendiceal mucoceles caused by endometriosis have been previously described. The association between neoplastic appendiceal mucoceles in the presence of endometriosis is described for the first time in this report...
December 19, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
A J Rensing, J F Koenig, P F Austin
INTRODUCTION: The Malone antegrade continence enema (MACE) procedure remains an effective tool in providing independence to patients with refractory constipation. Appendiceal, ileal and colonic segments are all used depending upon the patient's individual anatomy and surgeon's preference. Unfortunately, MACE stomal stenosis (SS) remains a frustrating complication. It was hypothesized that SS is associated with the type of efferent limb used for MACE construction. OBJECTIVE: To perform a retrospective risk analysis of the pre-operative factors that correlated with postoperative stomal stenosis...
December 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Koki Sato, Masataka Banshodani, Masahiro Nishihara, Junko Nambu, Yasuo Kawaguchi, Fumio Shimamoto, Kiyohiko Dohi, Keizo Sugino, Hideki Ohdan
INTRODUCTION: Although appendicitis is a common disease, appendicitis concurrent with liver abscesses and sessile serrated adenoma/polyp (SSA/P) is rare. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 69-year-old man presented with symptoms of abdominal pain and fever. Computed tomography (CT) revealed multiple liver abscesses and an enlarged appendix with a pseudotumoral appearance, which suggested acute appendicitis. In the emergency operation, ileocecal resection was performed for the perforated appendicitis with an inflammatory mass in the ileocecum...
2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Tomohide Hori, Takafumi Machimoto, Yoshio Kadokawa, Toshiyuki Hata, Tatsuo Ito, Shigeru Kato, Daiki Yasukawa, Yuki Aisu, Yusuke Kimura, Maho Sasaki, Yuichi Takamatsu, Taku Kitano, Shigeo Hisamori, Tsunehiro Yoshimura
Acute appendicitis (AA) develops in a progressive and irreversible manner, even if the clinical course of AA can be temporarily modified by intentional medications. Reliable and real-time diagnosis of AA can be made based on findings of the white blood cell count and enhanced computed tomography. Emergent laparoscopic appendectomy (LA) is considered as the first therapeutic choice for AA. Interval/delayed appendectomy at 6-12 wk after disease onset is considered as unsafe with a high recurrent rate during the waiting time...
August 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Sheng-Chun Dang, Ming-Ming Sun, Lu-Lu Liu, Abdul Malik, Jian-Xin Zhang, Yi-Yi Fan, Song Zou, Lei Cui, Jian-Guo Qu, Ji-Xiang Chen
BACKGROUND: Appendiceal mucinous adenocarcinoma is an extremely rare disease in clinical practice. Here, we report a case of unprecedented size that occupied the entire abdomen of a man. CASE PRESENTATION: A 49-year-old Chinese Han man presented with symptoms of abdominal distension. During a computed tomography imaging examination, a cystic-solid mass that occupied his entire abdominal cavity was detected. During exploratory laparotomy, an appendiceal tumor in his abdominal-pelvic cavity measuring 27...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Brent R Weil, Alyaa Al-Ibraheemi, Sara O Vargas, Shawn J Rangel
Autoamputation of the appendix has previously been reported in the literature, but it is likely an unusual event. We report a 2-year-old male child who had previously undergone laparotomy and bowel resection for necrotizing enterocolitis. Two years later a calcified intra-abdominal mass was identified on abdominal radiography and ultrasonography. Eventual laparotomy revealed a densely calcified mass within the transverse mesocolon. The mass was uneventfully resected. Pathologic evaluation showed appendiceal tissue, consistent with prior autoamputation of the vermiform appendix...
July 2017: Pediatric and Developmental Pathology
Fumitaka Saida, Shokei Matsumoto, Mitsuhide Kitano
BACKGROUND: Appendectomy has been the preferred treatment of acute appendicitis. However, extensive resection (ER) such as an ileocecal resection is sometimes needed. We analyzed the predictive factors of ER. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of 927 patients with acute appendicitis in 7 years. The data collected, including demographic characteristics, laboratory tests, computed tomography (CT) findings and days from onset. RESULTS: ER was performed in 40 patients (4...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
Dong Soo Suh, Yong Jung Song, Byung Su Kwon, Sul Lee, Nam Kyung Lee, Kyung Un Choi, Ki Hyung Kim
Pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP) is a rare disease that usually originates from mucinous neoplasms of the appendix and, less commonly, from extra-appendiceal tumors, but it may also be caused by synchronous primary mucinous tumors of the ovary and appendix. The current study discusses the case of a 73-year-old female who presented with progressively worsening indigestion and abdominal distension. Magnetic resonance imaging of the pelvis revealed a large cystic mass with a thin enhancing septa arising from the right ovary and ascites with scalloping of the liver surface...
June 2017: Oncology Letters
Laura M Leonards, Anokh Pahwa, Maitraya K Patel, Jeffrey Petersen, Michael J Nguyen, Cecilia M Jude
Appendiceal neoplasms are uncommon tumors of the gastrointestinal tract that may manifest with symptoms of appendicitis, right lower quadrant pain, or palpable mass, leading to imaging or surgical intervention. The majority of appendiceal masses consist of primary epithelial neoplasms and neuroendocrine tumors (NETs). Epithelial neoplasms-mucinous and nonmucinous types-are more often detected at imaging than NETs due to their larger size and propensity for peritoneal spread and metastatic disease. Epithelial mucinous neoplasms are defined by the presence of mucin, detected at radiologic and pathologic examination...
July 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Mi Sung Kim, Hyuk Jung Kim, Hae Won Park, Heon-Ju Kwon, So-Yeon Lee, Shin Ho Kook, Hee-Jin Park, Yoon Jung Choi
PURPOSE: To retrospectively assess the impact of high-grade obstructions identified on initial CT on outcomes of patients with appendiceal inflammatory masses managed by nonoperative treatment. METHODS: Institutional Review Boards approved this retrospective study and informed consent was waived. Included were 52 consecutive patients diagnosed with appendiceal inflammatory masses by CT scan and managed by nonoperative treatment. The main outcome measure was treatment failure and secondary outcomes were complications and initial and total hospital stay...
June 2017: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
Yonah B Esterson, Aryeh Y Esterson, Gregory M Grimaldi, John S Pellerito, Robin J Warshawsky
Here we report the case of a 30-year-old woman with a history of neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) who presented with an incidentally discovered pelvic mass on an ultrasound. The identity of the mass remained indeterminate following a CT and MRI, although appendiceal pathology was suspected. An elective laparoscopy and appendectomy were performed without complication and pathology on the specimen demonstrated an appendiceal ganglioneuroma. To our knowledge, there has been no prior documented case of an appendiceal ganglioneuroma in a patient with NF2...
May 27, 2017: Clinical Imaging
Yao Cheng, Xianze Xiong, Jiong Lu, Sijia Wu, Rongxing Zhou, Nansheng Cheng
BACKGROUND: Appendiceal phlegmon and abscess account for 2% to 10% of acute appendicitis. People with appendiceal phlegmon or abscess usually need an appendicectomy to relieve their symptoms and avoid complications. The timing of appendicectomy for appendiceal phlegmon or abscess is controversial. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of early versus delayed appendicectomy for appendiceal phlegmon or abscess, in terms of overall morbidity and mortality. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Library (CENTRAL; 2016, Issue 7), MEDLINE Ovid (1950 to 23 August 2016), Embase Ovid (1974 to 23 August 2016), Science Citation Index Expanded (1900 to 23 August 2016), and the Chinese Biomedical Literature Database (CBM) (1978 to 23 August 2016)...
June 2, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Amrit Fernandez, Sriram Krishnamoorthy, Susruthan Muralitharan, Thanka Johnson, Venkat Ramanan
Paratesticular region is an obscure anatomical region that includes spermatic cord and its contents, tunica of the testes, epididymis and appendices of epididymis and testis. Paratesticular tumours may closely resemble and be clinically indistinguishable from testicular tumours, resulting in a diagnostic dilemma. Preoperative distinction between the benign and malignant paratesticular tumour is extremely difficult, resulting in difficulty in diagnosis and management. We hereby present a case of a 56-year-old male who reported with a painless bilateral scrotal mass and underwent surgical excision of the same...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Marci Handler, Neil Anand, Lawrence Wei, Peter Snieckus
Intra-abdominal and intra-pelvic pathologies initially presenting in extra-abdominal/pelvic locations is unusual. This spread predominantly occurs with infectious processes to sites including the buttock, thigh, and calf. The routes of extension into adjacent anatomically weak compartments include the pelvic outlet, greater sciatic foramen, obturator foramen, inguinal or femoral canal, weak bones, or along nerves and blood vessels. Malignant neoplasms of the appendix, while extremely rare and accounting for only 0...
April 2017: Journal of Radiology Case Reports
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