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iliac vein compression syndrome

Charlotte E A Dronkers, Alexandr Srámek, Menno V Huisman, Frederikus A Klok
A pregnant woman aged 29 years, G1P0 at 21 weeks of gestation of a dichorionic diamniotic twin, presented with suspected deep vein thrombosis (DVT) of the left leg. Repeated (compression) ultrasonography was not diagnostic for DVT but showed reduced flow over the left external iliac vein, common femoral vein and superficial femoral vein. In pursue of a definite diagnosis, magnetic resonance direct thrombus imaging was performed showing a clear high signal in the left common iliac vein which is diagnostic for acute thrombosis in this venous segment...
December 13, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
Anna K Stuck, Samuel Kunz, Iris Baumgartner, Nils Kucher
PURPOSE: To investigate the clinical outcomes of a dedicated hybrid oblique nitinol stent that has been specifically designed to treat common iliac vein compression. METHODS: The Bern Venous Stent Registry database was interrogated to identify all patients who had at least 6-month follow-up after treatment with the sinus-Obliquus hybrid stent for common iliac vein compression. The search identified 24 patients (mean age 39±18 years; 20 women) who matched the search criteria...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Endovascular Therapy
Jimei Yu, Chaojun Lu, Xiaohua Pan, Weihua Li
Adventitial cystic disease (ACD) of the common femoral vein is a rare vascular disorder. It becomes more difficult to recognize preoperatively especially when the femoral vein is affected. We report the case of a 62-year-old female patient who presented with a one-month history of painless swelling in her right lower extremity. She had no specific past medical history and no history of trauma, and had a full coagulopathy profile that was negative for any hypercoagulable syndrome. On examination, her lower right leg was significantly swollen with a palpable mass in her right inguinal region...
August 2016: Intractable & Rare Diseases Research
Emilia Calvaresi, Mahesh Swaminathan, Janet Jokela
May-Thurner syndrome is the condition of the left common iliac vein being compressed between the right common iliac artery and the associated vertebral body. This condition has been linked to spontaneous episodes of deep vein thrombosis (DVT), especially in women aged 20-50, and it may contribute to the slightly higher tendency to develop left-sided (~56%) versus right-sided DVTs. A 50-year-old morbidly obese (BMI 42.7 kg/m(2)) female presented to the emergency room with acute left leg pain. Past medical history included asthma...
2016: Carle Selected Papers
Hitoshi Sugawara, Katsuhiko Matsuura
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Internal Medicine
Bert Du Pont, Jurgen Verbist, Wouter Van den Eynde, Patrick Peeters
Background Cockett and Thomas described and named Cockett's syndrome in 1965, commonly referred to as iliac vein compression syndrome (IVCS). It is often found as underlying cause in iliofemoral deep venous thrombosis (DVT). They described the syndrome mostly seen on the left side and predominantly in women during the second to the fourth decade of life. In this article, we present a patient with a Cockett's syndrome on the right side. Case presentation Our patient is a 52-year old female with edema of the right leg since 4 months...
April 2016: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
Lin Ou-Yang, Guang-Ming Lu
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVE: To explore the underlying anatomy of MTS using CT and discuss its clinical significance for typing diagnosis. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Because the anatomical position of the corpse cannot fully illustrate the actual clinical situation in vivo, the diversity of MTS has not been fully elucidated yet. METHODS: Retrospectively analysed the data of 69 patients with MTS. By CT showing, patients were categorized to simple MTS (sMTS, 22), lumbar degeneration-related MTS (dMTS, 33) and other causes MTS (oMTS, 14); meanwhile, a healthy control group were set...
July 1, 2016: Spine
Anand M Prabhakar, Alexander S Misono, Katelyn N Brinegar, Ali Khademhosseini, Rahmi Oklu
The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of May-Thurner syndrome (MTS) in patients with cryptogenic stroke and to determine the incidence of patent foramen ovale. Magnetic resonance venography of 214 patients with cryptogenic stroke and 50 control patients with abdominopelvic computed tomography scans were evaluated for MTS. Incidence of patent foramen ovale and MTS in the stroke group were significantly greater than the control group (P = 0.0001, P = 0.0023, respectively). In addition, there was significantly greater compression of the left common iliac vein in the stroke group (32%) compared with the control group (13%) (P < 0...
November 2016: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
Carolina Lugo-Fagundo, John W Nance, Pamela T Johnson, Elliot K Fishman
May-Thurner syndrome (MTS) is a venous compression syndrome in which the left common iliac vein is compressed between the lower lumbar spine and the right common iliac artery. While asymptomatic compression is very common, the process can lead to morbidity in selected individuals, most commonly deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and the sequelae thereof. Radiologists must recognize the diagnosis because of the unique management, which differs from DVT without iliac vein compression. The current pictorial essay will review the pathophysiology, imaging, and treatment of MTS...
October 2016: Abdominal Radiology
Adebayo A Fasanya, Gina LaCapra
May-Thurner syndrome (MTS) is a rare disease that causes deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in young females (age 20 to 50). DVT is caused by mechanical obstruction of the left common iliac vein by the right common iliac artery resulting in stasis rather than a primary hypercoagulable state. Although MTS is found in 22% of cadavers, it causes <5% of lower extremity venous disorder. Greater than 70% compression is needed to cause DVT. MTS patients usually present with acute left leg edema. Many cases are recurrent with a past workup negative for other etiologies of DVT or pulmonary embolism (PE)...
2016: Curēus
Cassidy Duran, Lucien Abboud, Christof Karmonik, Dipan Shah, Alan B Lumsden, Jean Bismuth
The standard initial noninvasive imaging modality for diagnosing May-Thurner syndrome is duplex ultrasound, but this modality provides only indirect measures and is frequently limited, necessitating further imaging to make the diagnosis. Other noninvasive imaging modalities (computed tomographic venography, time of flight, magnetic resonance venography) allow for direct visualization but lack hemodynamic and anatomic information about what is occurring throughout the cardiac cycle. Intravascular ultrasound is the invasive tool of choice in the setting of iliac vein compression syndrome, but quality, noninvasive imaging modalities have yet to be described...
January 2013: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
Zhongzhi Jia, Jianfei Tu, Jinwei Zhao, Baosheng Ren, Feng Tian, Kai Wang, Shaoqin Li, Guomin Jiang
OBJECTIVE: This study retrospectively evaluated the safety and efficacy of aspiration thrombectomy using a large-size catheter for acute lower extremity deep vein thrombosis (DVT). METHODS: All patients who underwent aspiration thrombectomy using 9F or 10F catheters for acute lower extremity DVT were included and analyzed. Aspiration thrombectomy was performed in all patients. Additional intravenous thrombolysis was performed in patients with residual thrombus, and stent placement was performed in patients with iliac vein compression syndrome...
April 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
Christopher R Lattimer, Mustapha Azzam, Evi Kalodiki, X Yun Xu, George Geroulakos
INTRODUCTION: In post-thrombotic and May-Thurner syndromes, the iliac veins may be scarred, compressed, or obstructed. Obesity and increased intra-abdominal pressure may also hamper the venous return. Therefore, measurements of outflow resistance (OR) impeding venous return may be helpful to select patients for intervention and to assess the impact of intervention. A proof-of-concept study is presented in healthy volunteers where OR is quantified using duplex assessment of the femoral vein (FV) at mid-thigh following predetermined inflation pressures with a high thigh tourniquet...
January 2014: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
John V White, Connie Ryjewski, Richard N Messersmith, Fabio Sbrana, Lewis B Schwartz
Nutcracker syndrome represents the constellation of symptoms caused by extrinsic compression of the left renal vein between the aorta and superior mesenteric artery, producing left renal venous outflow obstruction and, frequently, pelvic venous congestion. When severe, the syndrome is most commonly treated by surgical transposition of the left renal vein onto the inferior vena cava or by renal venous stent placement. Each of these treatment modalities is associated with significant immediate and long-term risks...
January 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
Edward J Woo, Ross A Ogilvie, Van Schaumburg Krueger, Michael Lundin, David M Williams
May-Thurner syndrome is an anatomic variant where the right common iliac artery compresses the left common iliac vein. The variant exists in a significant portion of the population, but is usually asymptomatic; however, clinically significant stenosis can occur by iatrogenic means. In this report, we describe a patient who presents with left lower extremity pain and swelling. Initial workup for deep vein thrombosis was negative. After being referred to our venous clinic, a magnetic resonance angiography revealed narrowing of the left common iliac vein with a tortuous right common iliac artery crossing over the constriction...
2016: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
Paul L Hermany, Apurva O Badheka, Carlos I Mena-Hurtado, Robert R Attaran
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 14, 2016: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
Xueqiang Zhang, Xiuhua Shi, Pingrui Gao, Junbo Wang, Shusen Li, Shuge Yao, Xuefeng Zhang, Ji Huo, Jianfeng Wang
May-Thurner syndrome (MTS) is caused by venous occlusion because of compression of the iliac vein by the iliac artery and vertebral body, leading to left lower extremity deep venous thrombosis, eventually resulting in a series of symptoms. Endovascular treatment has now become the most preferred method of treatment of MTS. The authors report a 66-year-old woman who was hospitalized because of increasing swelling in her left lower limb for almost 2 weeks. Ultrasonography performed upon admission indicated MTS, and venography revealed occlusion of the left common iliac vein and massive thrombosis in the left external iliac and femoral veins...
January 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Toshihiro Kikuchi, Hiroyuki Maeda
Two cases of compartment syndrome of the lower extremities occurring during surgery for gynecological malignancies are reported. In addition to the risk from being in the lithotomy position for over 4 h, these two cases were believed to have been caused by the combined use of a disposable wound retractor and abdominal retractors to secure the operative field. This conclusion is based on the fact that an abrupt increase in partial pressure of end-tidal CO2 (ETCO2) was observed when wound drapes and abdominal retractors were removed approximately 4 h after the start of surgery...
June 2016: Journal of Anesthesia
Masaki Goto, Shin-Ichiro Miura, Tomohiko Yamamoto, Yusuke Fukuda, Takashi Kuwano, Ibuki Kimura, Ayako Sanui, Shingo Miyamoto, Keijiro Saku
A 39-year-old woman with a 9-week abdominal pregnancy noted pain in her lower abdomen and left leg. Since successive thrombi were observed extending from the left common iliac vein to the popliteal vein along with a thrombus in the left pulmonary artery, we diagnosed her with pulmonary thromboembolism with deep venous thrombosis (DVT). May-Thurner syndrome may have contributed to DVT in the left leg when the left iliac vein was compressed by the right iliac artery. She underwent anticoagulant therapy with heparin, followed by the subcutaneous injection of heparin at home after discharge...
2016: Internal Medicine
Wan-Yin Shi, Jian-Ping Gu, Chang-Jian Liu, Xu He, Wen-Sheng Lou
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate mid-term patency of iliac vein following endovascular treatment for iliac vein compression syndrome (IVCS) with or without deep venous thrombosis (DVT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors' institutional review board approved the study. Two hundred and thirty-three consecutive patients with IVCS were treated with endovascular treatment and followed up. The therapeutic strategies and complications were recorded. Cumulative patency was assessed with Kaplan-Meier curves...
January 2016: European Journal of Radiology
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