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iliac vein compression syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613113/complex-interventional-iliocaval-recanalization-due-to-plasmacytoma-and-cystic-echinococcosis
#1
Felicitas Stoll, Nils Kucher, Britta Vogel, Hugo A Katus, Oliver J Müller, Christian Erbel
Post-thrombotic syndrome is common after iliofemoral vein thrombosis. Conservative therapy, mainly limited to compression and anticoagulation therapy, might not be sufficient in controlling symptoms. Interventional recanalization of the chronically occluded iliac veins is an evolving method, promising rapid relief of symptoms. Here, we present two cases of complex interventions in one patient with preceding pelvic radiotherapy due to a plasmacytoma and in another patient in whom a cava wedge resection had been performed because of cystic echinococcosis in the liver...
June 14, 2017: VASA. Zeitschrift Für Gefässkrankheiten
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594813/-open-thrombectomy-in-acute-iliofemoral-venous-thrombosis
#2
A V Pokrovskiĭ, I M Ignat'ev, E G Gradusov, R A Bredikhin
AIM: The study was aimed at assessing efficacy of open thrombectomy in acute iliofemoral venous thrombosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From January 2012 to December 2016, a total of 37 patients underwent transfemoral thrombectomy for acute iliofemoral venous thrombosis. The Control Group consisted of 24 patients receiving standard anticoagulant therapy. Six patients were subjected to a hybrid operation consisting in thrombectomy supplemented with stenting of the residual compression stenosis of the left common iliac vein (CIV)...
2017: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574042/-first-experience-with-intravascular-ultrasonographic-examination-in-diagnosis-of-post-traumatic-obstruction-of-deep-veins
#3
E V Shaĭdakov, O Ia Porembskaia, A G Grigorian, V L Bulatov, D A Rosukhovskiĭ
Intravascular ultrasonography (IVUS) is a highly effective method of diagnosis of post-thrombotic obstructions. Its possibilities by determining the degree and extension of obstructions of deep veins are superior to those of not only non-invasive methods of examination (ultrasonography, CT and MRI) but of phlebography whose results until recently were considered fundamental in diagnosis of the disease concerned. Limited possibilities of phlebography often lead to diagnostic errors when determining the degree and extension of post-thrombotic obstructions...
2017: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524824/iliac-vein-compression-syndrome-in-an-asymptomatic-patient-population-a-prospective-study
#4
Long Cheng, Hui Zhao, Fu-Xian Zhang
BACKGROUND: Iliac vein compression syndrome (IVCS) is an important cause of deep vein thrombosis, but the incidence of IVCS is still unclear. The purpose of this prospective study was to determine the incidence of IVCS in an asymptomatic patient population and to evaluate the risk factors in patients with and without IVCS. METHODS: From October 2011 to November 2012, a total of 500 patients (228 women and 272 men; mean age of 55.4 ± 14.7 years) with no vascular-related symptoms were enrolled in this study...
June 5, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491171/transverse-mobility-of-pelvic-kidney-causing-left-lower-extremity-deep-venous-thrombosis
#5
Christopher P Vittore, Robert A Murray
A case of May-Thurner-like syndrome was found to be a result of a pelvic kidney compressing the left common iliac vein. Cross-sectional imaging demonstrated transverse mobility of the pelvic kidney which has not been described previously. The ectopic kidney's mobility resulted in intermittent venous compression. In a patient with recurrent lower extremity deep venous thrombosis and a pelvic kidney, the possibility of movement of the kidney resulting in venous compression needs to be considered.
June 2017: Radiology case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458813/an-extensive-unprovoked-left-lower-extremity-deep-vein-thrombosis-secondary-to-an-anatomical-anomaly-a-case-of-may-thurner-syndrome
#6
Irfan Ahsan, Binish G Qureshi, Ali Raza Ghani, Faizan Malik, Zulfiqar Arif
May-Thurner syndrome (MTS) also known as Cockett's syndrome is a rare condition responsible for 2%-3% of all cases of deep venous thrombosis (DVT). The thrombosis results from mechanical compression of the left common iliac vein against the body of the fifth lumbar vertebra by the right common iliac artery. Repetitive hyperplasia of the venous wall by compression results in spur formation that in turn causes venous flow obstruction and results in the DVT. Our case is a young female who had acute extensive proximal DVT due to MTS that was successfully managed using mechanical thrombectomy with a venous stent...
April 6, 2017: Clinics and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458391/iliac-vein-compression-syndrome-ivcs-an-under-recognized-risk-factor-for-left-sided-deep-venous-thrombosis-dvt-in-old-hip-fracture-patients
#7
Junfeng Liu, Pengcheng Liu, Kuo Xia, Liyang Chen, Xing Wu
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to identify whether iliac vein compression syndrome (IVCS) is a risk factor for left-sided deep venous thrombosis (DVT) in hip fracture patients and the influence IVCS may have on the treatment of DVT. MATERIAL AND METHODS A retrospective study was carried out among 424 hip fracture patients admitted to our hospital from 2011 to 2016. Clinical data were analyzed, and all patients were classified into the DVT group and the non-DVT group based on plasmin D-Dimer concentration and results of Doppler ultrasound of the left lower limb...
May 1, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411702/outcomes-of-iliac-vein-stents-after-pregnancy
#8
Mohini Dasari, Efthimios Avgerinos, Seshadri Raju, Robert Tahara, Rabih A Chaer
OBJECTIVE: Stenting is the first-line treatment for obstructive iliocaval lesions when intervention is required. The aim of the study was to evaluate iliocaval stent patency during and after pregnancy in women of reproductive age who became pregnant after stent placement. METHODS: Female patients of reproductive age (18-45 years old) who underwent iliocaval stenting between May 2007 and March 2014 were identified from a three-center prospectively maintained database...
May 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330436/venous-compression-syndromes
#9
Joseph M White, Anthony J Comerota
Venous compression syndromes occur due to extrinsic compression causing complications of venous hypertension or venous thrombosis. This review focuses on 4 venous compression syndromes involving the left common iliac vein, subclavian vein, left renal vein, and popliteal vein. Clinical presentation, diagnostic methods, and management options are reviewed. When properly diagnosed and treated, long-term consequences can be avoided.
April 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321560/may-thurner-syndrome-old-acquaintance-new-perspective-case-report
#10
Anja Boc, Vinko Boc, Matija Kozak
May-Thurner syndrome (MTS) results from a frequent anatomic variant in which compression of the left common iliac vein between the body of the fifth lumbar vertebra and the pulsating right common iliac artery can cause deep venous thrombosis (DVT) of the left lower limb. While anticoagulation remains the mainstay treatment of acute DVT, catheter-directed thrombolysis combined with stenting provides a safe and effective method for relieving acute symptoms and preventing postthrombotic syndrome in patients with MTS...
March 20, 2017: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289992/dual-compression-is-not-an-uncommon-type-of-iliac-vein-compression-syndrome
#11
Wan-Yin Shi, Jian-Ping Gu, Chang-Jian Liu, Wen-Sheng Lou, Xu He
Typical iliac vein compression syndrome (IVCS) is characterized by compression of left common iliac vein (LCIV) by the overlying right common iliac artery (RCIA). We described an underestimated type of IVCS with dual compression by right and left common iliac arteries (LCIA) simultaneously. Thirty-one patients with IVCS were retrospectively included. All patients received trans-catheter venography and computed tomography (CT) examinations for diagnosing and evaluating IVCS. Late venography and reconstructed CT were used for evaluating the anatomical relationship among LCIV, RCIA and LCIA...
March 13, 2017: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260745/an-unusual-endovascular-therapeutic-approach-for-a-rare-case-of-may-thurner-syndrome
#12
Adrian DaSilva-DeAbreu, Luke Masha, Shareez Peerbhai
BACKGROUND The etiology of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) may pose a significant diagnostic challenge because truly reversible causes of DVT are rare. In this regard, known pelvic anatomic abnormalities such as aortic and iliac aneurysms should be seriously considered as a complicating factor in patients presenting with acute DVT so as not to miss a potentially curable etiology of May-Thurner syndrome (MTS). CASE REPORT We report the case of a 69-year-old man with a known abdominal aortic aneurysm and bilateral iliac artery aneurysms who presented with an acute DVT...
March 6, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258018/left-sided-varicocele-as-a-rare-presentation-of-may-thurner-syndrome
#13
J R Stern, V I Patel, D E Cafasso, N B Gentile, A J Meltzer
INTRODUCTION: May-Thurner syndrome (MTS), the clinical sequelae of left iliac vein compression between the right iliac artery and the spine, is an accepted cause of lower extremity edema and venous thromboembolism. It is more prevalent in younger women, and typically presents with left lower extremity symptoms. Atypical presentations such as right-sided symptoms, chronic pelvic pain, and even fatal venous rupture have been reported. Here we describe iliac vein compression presenting as a chronic left-sided testicular varicocele...
February 28, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163657/successful-treatment-of-deep-vein-thrombosis-caused-by-iliac-vein-compression-syndrome-with-a-single-dose-direct-oral-anti-coagulant
#14
Naoya Nakashima, Daisuke Sueta, Yusuke Kanemaru, Seiji Takashio, Eiichiro Yamamoto, Shinsuke Hanatani, Hisanori Kanazawa, Yasuhiro Izumiya, Sunao Kojima, Koichi Kaikita, Seiji Hokimoto, Kenichi Tsujita
BACKGROUND: Although vein stenting is popular for treatment for venous thromboembolism due to mechanical compression, some cases are forced to avoid inserting align agents because of immunodeficiency. CASE PRESENTATION: An 82-year-old man with left extremity redness and swelling presented to a hospital for a medical evaluation. The patient was immunodeficient because of the adverse effects of his treatment for Castleman's disease. A contrast-enhanced computed tomography scan revealed a venous thromboembolism in inferior vena cava and the left lower extremity...
2017: Thrombosis Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163175/thrombosis-of-the-inferior-vena-cava-after-endovascular-aortic-repair-in-a-patient-with-may-thurner-syndrome-case-report-and-literature-review
#15
Firouza Dahi, Asimakis Gkremoutis, Marc Harth, Thomas Schmitz-Rixen, Michael Keese
Inferior vena cava (IVC) thrombosis is a rare complication of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). A 70-year-old male patient of Italian origin presented with a 9.3 × 8.4 cm infrarenal AAA, which was treated by endovascular aortic repair (EVAR). He reported a history of ulcerative colitis and was on prednisolone 80 mg daily. Seven weeks postoperatively the patient was readmitted with a deep vein thrombosis including both iliac veins and IVC, and bilateral pulmonary embolism. Venous thrombectomy and decompression of the IVC were performed by partial resection of the aneurysm sac...
February 3, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123973/imaging-of-venous-compression-syndromes
#16
REVIEW
Evan J Zucker, Suvranu Ganguli, Brian B Ghoshhajra, Rajiv Gupta, Anand M Prabhakar
Venous compression syndromes are a unique group of disorders characterized by anatomical extrinsic venous compression, typically in young and otherwise healthy individuals. While uncommon, they may cause serious complications including pain, swelling, deep venous thrombosis (DVT), pulmonary embolism, and post-thrombotic syndrome. The major disease entities are May-Thurner syndrome (MTS), variant iliac vein compression syndrome (IVCS), venous thoracic outlet syndrome (VTOS)/Paget-Schroetter syndrome, nutcracker syndrome (NCS), and popliteal venous compression (PVC)...
December 2016: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098065/the-treatment-of-post-thrombotic-syndrome
#17
Karina Schleimer, Mohammad Esmaeil Barbati, Alexander Gombert, Volker Wienert, Jochen Grommes, Houman Jalaie
BACKGROUND: Post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS) arises in 20-50% of patients who have sustained a deep vein thrombosis and markedly impairs their quality of life. METHODS: This review is based on pertinent publications retrieved by a selective literature search in PubMed and the Cochrane Library, and on the guidelines of the German Societies of Phlebology and Vascular Surgery (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Phlebologie, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Gefässchirurgie). RESULTS: The treatment options are conservative treatment with compression and patient exercises, endovascular recanalization with stent angioplasty, and open bypass surgery of the iliac obstructions...
December 16, 2016: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965311/accurate-diagnosis-of-iliac-vein-thrombosis-in-pregnancy-with-magnetic-resonance-direct-thrombus-imaging-mrdti
#18
Charlotte E A Dronkers, Alexandr Srámek, Menno V Huisman, Frederikus A Klok
A pregnant woman aged 29 years, G1P0 at 21 weeks of gestation of a dichorionic diamniotic twin, presented with suspected deep vein thrombosis (DVT) of the left leg. Repeated (compression) ultrasonography was not diagnostic for DVT but showed reduced flow over the left external iliac vein, common femoral vein and superficial femoral vein. In pursue of a definite diagnosis, magnetic resonance direct thrombus imaging was performed showing a clear high signal in the left common iliac vein which is diagnostic for acute thrombosis in this venous segment...
December 13, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831483/patency-and-clinical-outcomes-of-a-dedicated-self-expanding-hybrid-oblique-stent-used-in-the-treatment-of-common-iliac-vein-compression
#19
Anna K Stuck, Samuel Kunz, Iris Baumgartner, Nils Kucher
PURPOSE: To investigate the clinical outcomes of a dedicated hybrid oblique nitinol stent that has been specifically designed to treat common iliac vein compression. METHODS: The Bern Venous Stent Registry database was interrogated to identify all patients who had at least 6-month follow-up after treatment with the sinus-Obliquus hybrid stent for common iliac vein compression. The search identified 24 patients (mean age 39±18 years; 20 women) who matched the search criteria...
February 2017: Journal of Endovascular Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672549/cystic-adventitial-disease-of-the-common-femoral-vein-a-case-report
#20
Jimei Yu, Chaojun Lu, Xiaohua Pan, Weihua Li
Adventitial cystic disease (ACD) of the common femoral vein is a rare vascular disorder. It becomes more difficult to recognize preoperatively especially when the femoral vein is affected. We report the case of a 62-year-old female patient who presented with a one-month history of painless swelling in her right lower extremity. She had no specific past medical history and no history of trauma, and had a full coagulopathy profile that was negative for any hypercoagulable syndrome. On examination, her lower right leg was significantly swollen with a palpable mass in her right inguinal region...
August 2016: Intractable & Rare Diseases Research
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