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infrarenal abdominal aorta occlusion

T Joseph Watson, W Kurtis Childers, Lindsey Haga, John Calaitges
We present the case of a 64-year-old male who presented to the emergency department with bilateral limb ischemia and paralysis for approximately 1 hour. Computed tomographic angiography demonstrated occlusion of the infrarenal aorta beginning just above the patient's known abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) and extending into both common iliac arteries. He was emergently treated via open repair of the AAA with a Gore-Tex tube graft, bilateral common iliac thrombectomies, and bilateral lower extremity four-compartment fasciotomies...
June 2017: Aorta (Stamford, Conn.)
Teng Kiat Koh, Jocelyn Zi Lin Ting, Bernard Wee, Rustem Khamitov, Kristine Teoh, Julian Wong, Vitaly A Sorokin
A 65-year-old gentleman with claudication underwent contrast-enhanced computed tomography. The scan showed occlusion of the infrarenal abdominal aorta and a 6.0 × 3.7 cm saccular zone-3 arch aneurysm. The left ventricular ejection fraction was 35% and a coronary angiogram revealed triple-vessel disease. In view of the patient's high risk with EuroSCORE II 20.34%, coronary artery surgery was combined with hybrid type I arch aneurysm repair. An endovascular stent was delivered in an antegrade manner. Open heart surgery and a hybrid type I arch intervention can be performed simultaneously through a midline sternotomy approach...
February 2018: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
Edin Nevzati, Jeannine Rey, Daniel Coluccia, Donato D'Alonzo, Basil Grüter, Luca Remonda, Javier Fandino, Serge Marbacher
The steady progess in the armamentarium of techniques available for endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysms requires affordable and reproducable experimental animal models to test novel embolization materials such as stents and flow diverters. The aim of the present project was to design a safe, fast, and standardized surgical technique for stent assisted embolization of saccular aneurysms in a rat animal model. Saccular aneurysms were created from an arterial graft from the descending aorta.The aneurysms were microsurgically transplanted through end-to-side anastomosis to the infrarenal abdominal aorta of a syngenic male Wistar rat weighing >500 g...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Chanjuan Zeng, Mengyuan Yang, Yiling Ding, Ling Yu, Wen Deng, Yu Hu, Xiujuan Gong
BACKGROUND: Placenta increta/percreta is an increasingly common and life-threatening obstetric complication. It poses a management challenge to clinicians. The present study aimed to evaluate efficacy and safety of preoperative placement of infrarenal abdominal aorta balloon catheter (IAABC) alone or combined with Bakri tamponade for the management of cases with placenta increta/percreta. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed all cases with placenta increta/percreta at a tertiary referral teaching hospital in China between the year 2014 and 2017...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Milan Jovanovic, Milan Radojkovic, Predrag Djordjevic, Dejan Rancic, Nemanja Jovanovic, Zoran Rancic
We present a patient with blunt abdominal trauma with severe acute right limb ischemia and clinical signs of diffuse peritonitis. Computed tomography angiography showed circumferential dissection of the infrarenal aorta with occlusion of the right common iliac artery. We opted for simultaneous abdomen exploration and open repair of injured aorta. Critical weakening of the aortic wall with imminent rupture was identified intraoperatively. Aortotomy cranially from bifurcation showed circumferential intimomedial dissection...
October 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Fangfang Xia, Yun Xia, Sisi Chen, Lulu Chen, Weijuan Zhu, Yuanqing Chen, Thomas J Papadimos, Xuzhong Xu, Le Liu
BACKGROUND: Limb ischemia/reperfusion causes inflammation and elicits oxidative stress that may lead to local tissue damage and remote organ such as lung injury. This study investigates pulmonary function after limb ischemia/reperfusion and the protective effect of a lipid emulsion (Intralipid). METHODS: Twenty-four rats were divided into three groups: sham operation group (group S), ischemia/reperfusion group (group IR), and lipid emulsion treatment group (group LE)...
June 19, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
Lan Xie, Yan Wang, Fang-Yuan Luo, Yi-Cun Man, Xiao-Lan Zhao
This study evaluated the surgical and neonatal outcomes of 71 patients diagnosed with placenta accreta before caesarean section with or without placement of a prophylactic abdominal aorta balloon catheter. This study took place at our hospital from January 2013 to May 2015. Thirty patients had a prophylactic balloon catheter inserted (balloon group), and 41 patients did not receive the intervention (control group). The mean estimated blood loss and decrease in haemoglobin after surgery was significantly lower in the balloon group than in the control group...
July 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Shuangying Huang, Aibin Xia, Grace Jamail, Mailian Long, Chunxia Cheng
To evaluate the efficacy and safety of temporary loop ligation of the infrarenal abdominal aorta for control of intraoperative blood loss in patients with pernicious placenta previa.
 Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 14 patients with pernicious placenta previa, who underwent temporary loop ligation of the infrarenal abdominal aorta for control of blood loss during cesarean section between July 2013 and December 2014.
 Results: Eight patients received conservative management to preserve the uterus and 6 patients underwent cesarean hysterectomy...
March 28, 2017: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
Claudio Bianchini Massoni, Giulia Rossi, Tiziano Tecchio, Paolo Perini, Antonio Freyrie
The aim of this article is to report a case of asymptomatic para-anastomotic aortocaval fistula (ACF) treated by endovascular aortic repair, and to review data of the literature on arteriovenous fistulae secondary to abdominal aortic surgery. A 78-year-old male complained of worsening pain in the right lower limb since 2 months. He presented a history of right femoropopliteal bypass for peripheral arterial occlusive disease and elective surgical treatment for a non-ruptured infrarenal aortic aneurysm (Dacron tube graft)...
April 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Can Hüzmeli, Mustafa Saglam, Ali Arıkan, Barıs Doner, Gulay Akıncı, Ferhan Candan
Influenza viruses are members of the Orthomyxoviridae family, of which influenza A, B, and C viruses constitute three separate genera. Arterial thrombosis associated with H1N1 influenza A virus infection has rarely been reported. A Turkish man aged 28 years was admitted to our emergency department with dyspnea, bilateral lower extremity insensitivity, and cold. He reported symptoms of fever, myalgia, and cough, which he had had for fifteen days before being admitted to our hospital. The patient was tested for pandemic influenza A (H1N1) virus using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) tests, which were positive...
2016: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
Satoshi Yamamoto, Yuriko Yokomizo, Takafumi Akai, Takehiro Chiyoda, Hiroshi Goto, Yukiyoshi Masaki
Patients with spinal cord injury experience changes in the cardiovascular system and a high morbidity associated with peripheral artery disease. We report a case of acute aortic occlusion in a patient with chronic paralysis due to spinal cord injury. A 65-year-old man with chronic paralysis due to spinal cord injury developed mottling of the right extremity. Because of the complete tetraplegia, the patient had no subjective symptoms. Computed tomography revealed occlusion of the infrarenal abdominal aorta. An emergency thromboembolectomy established adequate blood flow, and the postoperative course was uneventful...
December 2016: Surgical Case Reports
Keisuke Kanda, Osamu Adachi, Satoshi Kawatsu, Ko Sakatsume, Kiichiro Kumagai, Shunsuke Kawamoto, Yoshikatsu Saiki
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the effect of cerebrospinal fluid oxygenation for the prevention of spinal cord ischemic injury after infrarenal aortic occlusion in a rabbit model. METHODS: Twenty white Japanese rabbits were categorized into the following 4 groups (5 in each): group S (sham), balloon catheter insertion on to the aorta; group C (control), spinal cord ischemic injury by infrarenal abdominal aortic balloon occlusion for 15 minutes; group N (nonoxygenated), spinal cord ischemic injury with cerebrospinal fluid replacement by nonoxygenated artificial cerebrospinal fluid; and group O (oxygenated), spinal cord ischemic injury with cerebrospinal fluid replacement by nanobubble-oxygenated artificial cerebrospinal fluid...
November 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Lidia García-Colmenero, Gemma Martin-Ezquerra, Ignacio Gómez-Martín, Meritxell Mellado Joan, Carlos Barranco, Raquel Albero-González, Judith Villar-García, Ramon M Pujol
BACKGROUND: Diffuse dermal angiomatosis (DDA) is a rare, acquired, reactive vascular proliferation, clinically characterized by livedoid erythematous-violaceous plaques, which frequently evolve to ulceration and necrosis. Histopathologically, it is manifested by a diffuse proliferation of endothelial cells within the full thickness of the dermis. DDA has been mainly associated with severe peripheral atherosclerosis. METHODS: We report a 63-year-old woman who presented with multiple erythematous-violaceous plaques with central deep skin ulcers on thighs, lower abdomen, and perianal area, associated with intermittent claudication, low-grade fever, and weight loss...
July 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Qinghua Wu, Zhuan Liu, Xianlan Zhao, Cai Liu, Yanli Wang, Qinjun Chu, Xiaojuan Wang, Zhimin Chen
PURPOSE: To explore the efficacy and safety of prophylactic temporary balloon occlusion of the infrarenal abdominal aorta during caesarean for the management of patients with placenta praevia accreta. METHODS: Two hundred and sixty-eight cases of placenta praevia accreta from January 2012 to June 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. Group A included two hundred and thirty patients who underwent prophylactic temporary balloon occlusion of infrarenal abdominal aorta followed by caesarean section...
November 2016: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
Amrish Saxena, Tushar R Sontakke, Deepankar Mishra, Shilpa Saxena, Pankaj Banode
Takayasu's Arteritis (TA) is an uncommon chronic inflammatory and stenotic disease of medium and large-sized arteries characterized by a strong predilection for the aortic arch and its major branches. We report a rare manifestation of TA in a 16-year-old female with no previous history of heart disease who presented with heart failure. She was found to have hypertension and discrepancies of pulses in upper and lower limbs. She developed ST elevated anterior wall myocardial infarction (MI) during hospitalization...
May 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
George Galyfos, Fragiska Sigala, Gerasimos Basigos, Georgios Karantzikos, Stilianos Katsaragakis, Konstantinos Filis
BACKGROUND: Severe calcification of the aorta or iliac vessels remains a major concern when planning open or endovascular treatment of an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). Therefore, we present a unique case of an AAA with concomitant severe calcification of the entire infrarenal aortoiliac region and discuss on proper management. CASE REPORT: A 70-year-old patient with a symptomatic AAA was scheduled for repair. The diagnostic investigation revealed a 70-mm-diameter AAA with severe calcification of the neck and the iliac and femoral arteries, raising major concerns regarding the proper repair strategy...
October 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Mustafa Ozsoy, Yucel Gonul, Ziya Taner Ozkececi, Ahmet Bali, Ruchan Bahadir Celep, Ahmet Koçak, Fahri Adali, Murat Tosun, Sefa Celik
BACKGROUND: Severe local and systemic tissue injuries can occur after restoration of tissue oxygenation which is also known as reperfusion injury. Our objective was to investigate the possible protective effects of melatonin against IR damage in hepatic tissue following infrarenal aortic occlusion. METHODS: A total of twenty-one male Wistar-albino rats separated into three groups as follows: Group I: Laparotomy and dissection of the infrarenal abdominal aorta (AA) were concurrently performed...
2016: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
Carlos A Hinojosa, Javier E Anaya-Ayala, Adriana Torres-Machorro, Rene Lizola, Hugo Laparra-Escareno
An isolated stenotic or occluded segment of the descending thoracic and/or the abdominal aorta associated to Takayasu's arteritis (TA) is very uncommon and the clinical expression is known as "middle aortic syndrome." Manifestations depend on the lesion location, and may include hypertension originating from the aortic coarctation or renovascular, buttock, or lower extremity claudication and rarely chronic intestinal angina. We present 2 female patients with TA with occlusive lesions in the infrarenal aorta; both were treated with open surgical reconstruction of the affected segments...
July 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Damian M Bailey, Tom G Evans, Kate Gower Thomas, Richard D White, Chistopher P Twine, Michael H Lewis, Ian M Williams
What is the central question of this study? To what extent focal abdominal aortic aneurysmal (AAA) disease is associated with systemic remodelling of the vascular tree remains unknown. The present study examined whether anatomical differences exist between distances of the intervisceral artery origins and AAA location/size in patients with disease compared with healthy patients. What is the main finding and its importance? Intervisceral artery distances were shown to be consistently greater in AAA patients, highlighting the systemic nature of AAA disease that extends proximally to the abdominal aorta and its branches...
August 1, 2016: Experimental Physiology
Yücel Gönül, Abdurrahman Genç, Ahmet Ahsen, Ahmet Bal, Ömer Hazman, Muhsin Toktaş, M Sena Ulu, Şerife Özdinç, Ahmet Songur
BACKGROUND: Renal injury is an important complication of infrarenal aortic occlusion (IAO), which is mainly encountered during the postoperative period. Aortic clamping procedure may lead to turbulent blood flow and eventually vasoconstriction at renal arterial level of the abdominal aorta. IL-18BP has well-known antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. In this study, we aimed to determine whether IL-18BP has anti-inflammatory, antiapoptotic, antioxidant, and protective effects on acute kidney damage induced by IAO rat model...
May 1, 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
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