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mycotic aortic aneurysm

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164158/development-of-multiple-aortic-mycotic-aneurysms-after-cardiac-catheterization
#1
Desiree A Steimer, John J Squiers, J Michael DiMaio, Katherine B Harrington
A 71-year-old male with a past medical history of coronary artery bypass surgery developed multiple, infected pseudoaneurysms of the ascending aorta and aortic root 1 year after cardiac catheterization. He underwent aortic root replacement with a 24-mm homograft. Tissue culture from operative specimens revealed invasive Aspergillus fumigatus infection. He was treated with voriconazole for 3 months. After 1 year, he had no recurrence of symptoms, pseudoaneurysm, or fungal infection.
October 2017: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142353/metabolic-imaging-as-a-novel-strategy-in-evaluation-of-mycotic-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-a-case-report-and-brief-clinical-review
#2
Akshay Sharad Bedmutha, Natasha Singh, Divya Shivdasani
Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is an uncommon entity with high mortality. Etiologically, they are classified as inflammatory and infective (mycotic), the latter being less common. Clinical presentation, laboratory investigations, and treatment for these may considerably overlap. However, choice of management and the need for surgical intervention depends on factors such as size and progression of aneurysm, persistent symptoms, and presence or absence of distant pathology. Although computed tomography (CT) is the gold standard for AAA, in selected cases, especially in infected AAA, fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography-CT can provide valuable information...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Nuclear Medicine: IJNM: the Official Journal of the Society of Nuclear Medicine, India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096006/treatment-of-prosthetic-valve-endocarditis-by-aortic-valve-neocuspidization-using-bovine-pericardium
#3
Yasunori Iida, Kazuma Shimura, Sho Akiyama, Shigeharu Sawa
A 78-year-old man who had undergone aortic valve and ascending aorta replacements presented with fever and was referred to our hospital. Blood culture revealed Gram-positive cocci, thus antibiotic therapy was started. Brain magnetic resonance imaging showed fresh cerebral infarction without cerebral haemorrhage or mycotic aneurysm. Transoesophageal echocardiogram revealed a vegetation that was attached to the right coronary cusp. The patient underwent successful aortic valve neocuspidization using glutaraldehyde-treated bovine pericardium...
October 31, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093405/mycotic-aneurysm-mimicking-atheroma-in-aortic-arch
#4
Yueh-An Lu, Wen-Hung Huang, Tzung-Hai Yen, Ching-Wei Hsu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075546/a-rare-report-of-infectious-emphysematous-aortitis-secondary-to-clostridium-septicum-without-prior-vascular-intervention
#5
Ciel Harris, Joseph Geffen, Keyrillos Rizg, Stuart Shah, Aaron Richardson, Cherisse Baldeo, Avinash Ramdass
The term "mycotic aneurysm" was first used by Osler in 1882 to describe a mushroom-shaped aneurysm in subacute bacterial endocarditis. Mycotic aneurysms account for only 2.6% of all aneurysms of the aorta. Rarer still are anaerobic infections secondary to organisms such as Clostridium septicum, which results in emphysematous aortitis. The vast majority of emphysematous aortic infections occur as a result of instrumentation; however, in this case we present an infection de novo. A 75-year-old male presented with a 2-week history of progressive fatigue and chest pain that then developed into constitutional symptoms...
2017: Case Reports in Vascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066243/sustained-local-delivery-of-high-concentration-vancomycin-from-a-hybrid-biodegradable-antibiotic-eluting-nanofiber-loaded-endovascular-prosthesis-for-treatment-of-mycotic-aortic-aneurysms
#6
Kuo-Sheng Liu, Cheng-Hung Lee, Demei Lee, Michelle Liu, Feng-Chun Tsai, Yuan-Yun Tseng
BACKGROUND: Endovascular repair for mycotic aortic aneurysm (MAA) is a less invasive alternative to open surgery, although the placement of a stent graft in an infected environment remains controversial. In this study, we developed hybrid biodegradable, vancomycin-eluting, nanofiber-loaded endovascular prostheses and evaluated antibiotic release from the endovascular prostheses both in vitro and in vivo. METHODS: Poly(D,L)-lactide-co-glycolide and vancomycin were dissolved in 1,1,1,3,3,3-hexafluoro-2-propanol...
October 21, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054233/managing-a-mycotic-thoracoabdominal-aneurysm-the-importance-of-molecular-diagnostics
#7
Christopher D Bayliss, Karen L Booth, Robin Williams, John H Dark, Kate F Gould
Pneumococcal mycotic aneurysms are rare and associated with significant mortality and morbidity. Early intravenous antibiotic therapy and surgical intervention is the mainstay of treatment. Pneumococci frequently autolyze in blood cultures, making microbiological diagnosis challenging. We present the case of a man in his mid 70s with multiple thoracoabdominal mycotic aneurysms. Surgery was performed to a threatening saccular aortic arch aneurysm. Samples were sent for microbiological analysis and all were culture negative...
November 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034046/in-situ-reconstruction-with-extended-debridement-in-patients-with-mycotic-abdominal-aortic-aneurysms
#8
Youkou Nemoto, Yutaka Hosoi, Katsuyuki Hoshina, Masao Nunokawa, Hiroshi Kubota, Toshiaki Watanabe
The surgical outcomes in patients with mycotic aortic aneurysm are still poor. In situ reconstruction and extra-anatomical bypass are the 2 main surgical options used in these patients, both of which have postoperative complications: recurrence of infection and aortic stump blowout, respectively. We performed in situ reconstruction in 25 consecutive patients with mycotic abdominal aortic aneurysms together with extended debridement using an irrigation device, omental flap coverage, rifampicin-soaked prosthetic graft, and sufficient antibiotics administration...
June 25, 2017: Annals of Vascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034041/successful-endovascular-repair-of-mycotic-aortic-pseudoaneurysm-followed-by-aortoesophageal-fistula
#9
Seiichi Yamaguchi, Hideki Ueda, Hisanori Fujita, Shigeyasu Takeuchi
Mycotic aneurysm of the aorta is a rare, but life-threatening pathology. In recent years, endovascular stent graft placement has been introduced as an effective alternative for treating infected aortic aneurysms. A 64-year-old woman with a history of paraplegia due to spinal cord injury was referred to our institute with fever and blood-tinged sputum. Computed tomography (CT) scan showed an 11-cm pseudoaneurysm arising from the proximal descending aorta, which was normal 1 month ago at the previous CT scan...
June 25, 2017: Annals of Vascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034017/surgical-management-of-mycotic-aortic-aneurysms
#10
Chikashi Aoki, Wakako Fukuda, Norihiro Kondo, Masahito Minakawa, Satoshi Taniguchi, Kazuyuki Daitoku, Ikuo Fukuda
Purpose: A mycotic aneurysm is an uncommon disease associated with a high mortality rate when managed surgically. This study reviewed our experiences in the surgical management of mycotic aortic aneurysms. Methods: In total, 26 patients who underwent surgery for a mycotic aneurysm were retrospectively reviewed. The mycotic aneurysms involved the thoracic aorta in 9 patients, the thoracoabdominal aorta in 4 patients, and the abdominal aorta in 13 patients. An overt aortic rupture in the mediastinum or retroperitoneal space was detected in 4 patients...
March 24, 2017: Annals of Vascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026622/lower-extremity-mycotic-aneurysm-in-a-patient-with-listeria-monocytogenes-associated-prosthetic-valve-endocarditis
#11
Elham Rahmati, P Jan Geiseler, Rosemary C She
Introduction.Listeria monocytogenes is a rare etiology of infectious endocarditis with only 30 cases of prosthetic valve and about twice as many native valve infections described in the literature. We describe an unusual presentation of an endovascular embolic phenomenon with associated lower extremity mycotic aneurysm due to Listeria monocytogenes prosthetic aortic valve and aortic endograft infection. Case presentation. This is a case of an elderly gentleman with prior history of bioprosthetic aortic valve placement and aortic arch repair who was admitted with several weeks of constitutional symptoms and left lower leg pain...
May 2017: JMM Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020280/campylobacter-fetus-cluster-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-montreal-quebec-canada-2014-2016
#12
Xavier Marchand-Senécal, Sadjia Bekal, Pierre A Pilon, Jean-Loup Sylvestre, Christiane Gaudreau
From March 2014 to December 2016, a cluster of 13 cases of Campylobacter fetus intestinal and extraintestinal infections, including 2 patients with an aortic mycotic aneurysm, caused significant morbidity. The cluster likely resulted from sexual transmission between men having sex with men living in the greater Montreal area, Quebec, Canada.
July 10, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878584/healthy-adolescent-with-a-mycotic-aortic-aneurysm-from-community-acquired-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus
#13
Durga P Naidu, Jose A Quinones, Kenneth W Lutschg, Duraisamy Balaguru
Mycotic aneurysm after bacteremia is a rare diagnosis in children and adolescents. We report the case of a previously healthy adolescent who presented with chest pain and fever and who developed a mycotic aneurysm of the aorta after contracting community-acquired, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Early recognition of widening of the patient's superior mediastinum, noted during a comparison of the patient's initial and follow-up chest radiographs, prompted computed tomographic angiography of the chest and led to a timely diagnosis, rapid surgical intervention, and a good clinical outcome...
August 2017: Texas Heart Institute Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826996/long-term-outcome-of-endovascular-treatment-for-mycotic-aortic-aneurysm
#14
C-M Luo, C-Y Chan, Y-S Chen, S-S Wang, N-H Chi, I-H Wu
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Endovascular repair (EVAR) of mycotic aortic aneurysm (MAA) has become an alternative treatment for high risk patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate long-term survival and outcomes. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of 40 consecutive patients with MAAs undergoing EVAR and subsequent intravenous antibiotic treatment between September 2009 and April 2015. Follow-up was truncated on 30 April 2015. Uni- and multivariate logistic regression were used to assess risk factors of adverse outcomes...
October 2017: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826728/cryopreserved-arterial-allografts-for-in-situ-reconstruction-of-abdominal-aortic-native-or-secondary-graft-infection
#15
Sabrina Ben Ahmed, Adrien Louvancourt, Guillaume Daniel, Pierre Combe, Ambroise Duprey, Jean-Noël Albertini, Jean-Pierre Favre, Eugenio Rosset
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the early and long-term outcome of cryopreserved arterial allografts (CAAs) used for in situ reconstruction of abdominal aortic native or secondary graft infection and to identify predictors of mortality. METHODS: We retrospectively included 71 patients (mean age, 65.2 years [range, 41-84 years]; men, 91.5%) treated for abdominal aortic native or secondary graft infection (65 prosthetic graft infections; 16 of them had secondary aortoenteric fistula, 2 venous graft infections, and 4 mycotic aneurysms) by in situ reconstruction with CAA in the university hospitals of Clermont-Ferrand and Saint-Etienne from 2000 to 2016...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803167/igg4-related-disease-a-new-etiology-underlying-diffuse-intracranial-dilating-vasculopathy
#16
Evan S Marlin, David Dornbos, Daniel S Ikeda, Norman L Lehman, Ciarán J Powers
BACKGROUND: Diffuse intracranial aneurysmal vasculopathy is a rare condition, previously described in patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection. IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a recognized inflammatory disease of systemic organs, leading to fibrosis of connective tissues. It also has been linked to inflammatory dilating aortic aneurysms, coronary vascular disease, hypophysitis, orbital pseudotumor, and pachymeningitis. It has not yet been described as a cause of diffuse intracranial dilating vasculopathy...
November 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740836/mycotic-aneurysm-with-aortoduodenal-fistula
#17
REVIEW
Bruno Kusznir Vitturi, Amanda Frias, Raphael Sementilli, Marcelo de Castro Jorge Racy, Roberto Augusto Caffaro, Geanete Pozzan
Firstly described in the 19th century by Sir William Osler, the mycotic aneurysm (MA) is a rare entity characterized by an abnormal arterial dilation, which is potentially fatal, and is associated with the infection of the vascular wall. Elderly patients are mostly involved, especially when risk factors like chronic diseases, immunosuppression, neoplasia, and arterial manipulation are associated. The authors report the case of a young male patient diagnosed with an aortic aneurysm of infectious origin in the presence of repeated negative blood cultures...
April 2017: Autopsy & case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723466/clinical-case-discussion-mycotic-aortic-aneurysm-and-psoas-abscess-as-a-complication-of-bacillus-calmette-gu%C3%A3-rin-instillations
#18
A C Witjens, J A Witjes
After an infectious complication caused by bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG), consider a dose reduction. Treatment of a mycotic aneurysm with an endostent seems safe; however, continuation of BCG after mycotic aneurysm treatment is not advised.
October 2016: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723465/case-presentation-mycotic-aortic-aneurysm-and-psoas-abscess-as-a-complication-of-bacillus-calmette-gu%C3%A3-rin-instillations
#19
R Jeroen A van Moorselaar, Willem Wisselink
To prevent life-threatening aortic ruptures, it is important that primary care physicians and urologists are aware of the symptoms of a mycotic abdominal aortic aneurysm, even several months or years after bacillus Calmette-Guérin therapy.
October 2016: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720750/tuberculous-psoas-abscess-and-worsening-vascular-aneurysm-all-from-bacillus-calmette-guerin-bcg-therapy
#20
Emmanuel Okon, Janelle Stearns, Arun Kumar Durgam
BACKGROUND Intravesical bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) is used in the treatment and prophylaxis of carcinoma in situ of the urinary bladder and for the prophylaxis of primary or recurrent stage Ta and T1 papillary tumors following transurethral resection. Significant systemic complications are rare but have been reported. CASE REPORT We describe this case of Mycobacterium bovis psoas abscess and worsening abdominal aortic aneurysm following BCG therapy for bladder cancer. A 76-year-old male presented with a fever of a few days...
July 19, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
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