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mycotic aortic aneurysm

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740836/mycotic-aneurysm-with-aortoduodenal-fistula
#1
REVIEW
Bruno Kusznir Vitturi, Amanda Frias, Raphael Sementilli, Marcelo de Castro Jorge Racy, Roberto Augusto Caffaro, Geanete Pozzan
Firstly described in the 19th century by Sir William Osler, the mycotic aneurysm (MA) is a rare entity characterized by an abnormal arterial dilation, which is potentially fatal, and is associated with the infection of the vascular wall. Elderly patients are mostly involved, especially when risk factors like chronic diseases, immunosuppression, neoplasia, and arterial manipulation are associated. The authors report the case of a young male patient diagnosed with an aortic aneurysm of infectious origin in the presence of repeated negative blood cultures...
April 2017: Autopsy & case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723466/clinical-case-discussion-mycotic-aortic-aneurysm-and-psoas-abscess-as-a-complication-of-bacillus-calmette-gu%C3%A3-rin-instillations
#2
A C Witjens, J A Witjes
After an infectious complication caused by bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG), consider a dose reduction. Treatment of a mycotic aneurysm with an endostent seems safe; however, continuation of BCG after mycotic aneurysm treatment is not advised.
October 2016: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723465/case-presentation-mycotic-aortic-aneurysm-and-psoas-abscess-as-a-complication-of-bacillus-calmette-gu%C3%A3-rin-instillations
#3
R Jeroen A van Moorselaar, Willem Wisselink
To prevent life-threatening aortic ruptures, it is important that primary care physicians and urologists are aware of the symptoms of a mycotic abdominal aortic aneurysm, even several months or years after bacillus Calmette-Guérin therapy.
October 2016: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720750/tuberculous-psoas-abscess-and-worsening-vascular-aneurysm-all-from-bacillus-calmette-guerin-bcg-therapy
#4
Emmanuel Okon, Janelle Stearns, Arun Kumar Durgam
BACKGROUND Intravesical bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) is used in the treatment and prophylaxis of carcinoma in situ of the urinary bladder and for the prophylaxis of primary or recurrent stage Ta and T1 papillary tumors following transurethral resection. Significant systemic complications are rare but have been reported. CASE REPORT We describe this case of Mycobacterium bovis psoas abscess and worsening abdominal aortic aneurysm following BCG therapy for bladder cancer. A 76-year-old male presented with a fever of a few days...
July 19, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711529/initial-treatment-strategy-for-intracranial-mycotic-aneurysms-two-case-reports-and-literature-review
#5
Makoto Ohtake, Kensuke Tateishi, Naoki Ikegaya, Junya Iwata, Shoji Yamanaka, Hidetoshi Murata
BACKGROUND: Intracranial mycotic aneurysm (IMA) is a rare neurovascular disease and a well-known complication following infective endocarditis. IMAs potentially carry a high mortality risk due to intracranial hemorrhage. Therefore, initial treatment is crucial for IMA patients, but an optimal treatment strategy remains unknown. Herein, we report two cases of IMA patients treated with the current usual modalities, and we provide a comprehensive literature review to propose an optimal initial treatment strategy for IMAs...
July 12, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681536/mycotic-aneurysm-of-the-root-of-left-subclavian-artery-associated-with-aortic-coarctation-discovered-by-echocardiography
#6
Ming-Dan Deng, Xin Wei, Wen Zhang, Hong Tang
A 16-year-old girl was admitted with a 7-month history of recurrent fever, weight loss of 5 kg, and general poor health status. Blood culture was positive with Streptococcus viridans. Transthoracic echocardiography established an aneurysm of the root of left subclavian artery, associated with an aortic coarctation just before the origin of the left subclavian artery with a velocity of 4.8 cm/s. Three-dimensional echocardiography demonstrated the entire inner structure of the aneurysm. Computed tomography reconstruction confirmed the presence of aortic coarctation and mycotic aneurysm, it also revealed an aberrant right subclavian artery...
July 6, 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642109/neoaortic-xenoprosthetic-grafts-for-treatment-of-mycotic-aneurysms-and-infected-aortic-grafts
#7
Chukwudubem Anibueze, Visesh Sankaran, Umar Sadat, Kelvin Tan, Yvonne G Wilson, Robert E Brightwell, Michael S Delbridge, Philip W Stather
BACKGROUND: There is no international consensus regarding the optimum management of infected aortae (mycotic aneurysms, infected aortic grafts). Neoaortoiliac reconstruction has advantages over extra-anatomical bypass grafting; however, the use of autologous vein is associated with venous hypertension and compartment syndrome, alternatively cadaveric homografts are associated with high rates of perianastomotic hemorrhage, limb occlusion, and pseudoaneurysm. Arterial repair using xenoprosthetic patches is associated with lower infection rates compared to the use of prosthetic material...
June 20, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627863/endovascular-treatment-of-mycotic-aortic-aneurysms-a-paradigm-shift
#8
Karl Sörelius, Kevin Mani, Martin Björck, Anders Wanhainen
Treatment of mycotic aortic aneurysms (MAA) composes a particularly difficult challenge. Open repair (OR) has been considered the gold standard, despite lack of evidence supporting its superiority compared with the emerging alternative endovascular aortic repair (EVAR). This review discusses the pros and cons of EVAR for MAAs by dissecting the three largest publications on MAAs, and concludes that there has been a paradigm shift in treatment of MAAs for the benefit of EVAR.
June 19, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602900/multi-level-mycotic-aneurysms-due-to-salmonella-infection-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#9
E H Pasveer, R G Statius van Eps, J J Wever, H T C Veger
Infected or mycotic aneurysms (MA) of the aorta and adjacent arteries are rare and difficult to treat. We report a unique case of a Salmonella serotype enteritidis-induced rapidly expanding aortic and iliac pseudoaneurysm during pre-operative work-up. Based on the presented case, we postulate that the agressive nature of Salmonella Enteritidis MA should not be underestimated. If postponed intervention is chosen and the patient is managed conservatively with antibiotic therapy to create a window of definitive diagnosis one should consider close follow-up imaging to observe progression of the pseudo aneurysm...
June 7, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560025/an-unusual-case-of-massive-hematemesis-caused-by-aorto-esophageal-fistula-due-to-mycotic-aneurysm-of-mid-thoracic-aorta-in-a-patient-without-prior-aortic-instrumentation
#10
Erion Qaja, Mahalingam Sivakumar, Maryam Saleemi
In the words of Sir William Osler: "There is no disease more conducive to clinical humility than aneurysms of the aorta". Here, we describe a case of a primary fistulous tract between a pseudoaneurysm sac and a portion of the mid thoracic esophagus leading to massive extravasation of blood causing hemorrhagic shock in a 71-year-old female.
May 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482860/complicated-infective-endocarditis-a-case-series
#11
Joo Seop Kim, Min-Kyung Kang, A Jin Cho, Yu Bin Seo, Kun Il Kim
BACKGROUND: Infective endocarditis is associated with not only cardiac complications but also neurologic, renal, musculoskeletal, and systemic complications related to the infection, such as embolization, metastatic infection, and mycotic aneurysm. CASE PRESENTATION: We report three cases (the first patient is Chinese and the other two are Koreans) of complicated infective endocarditis; two of the cases were associated with a mycotic aneurysm, and one case was associated with a splenic abscess...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479472/implications-of-clostridium-septicum-in-vascular-surgery-a-case-report-and-outcomes-literature-review
#12
Yewande Alimi, Michael Sosin, Tracy M Borsinger, John R Garrett, J R Salameh, C Francisco Espinel
Clostridium septicum is a rare organism, accounting for approximately 1.3% of clostridial infections and is associated with synchronous colonic malignancy. This case report describes a patient successfully treated for a mycotic aortic aneurysm secondary to C. septicum bacteremia. Subsequent evaluation confirmed a colonic malignancy, prompting early intervention. A systematic literature review revealing a rate of gastrointestinal malignancy in this patient population is 71%, hematologic malignancy is 3.9%, with the remaining cohort of patients having an unknown source...
May 4, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377878/miliary-tuberculosis-in-a-patient-with-tuberculous-mycotic-aneurysm-of-the-abdominal-aorta-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#13
Katerina Manika, Christoforos Efthymiou, Georgios Damianidis, Elisavet Zioga, Eleni Papadaki, Kalliopi Lagoudi, Ioannis Kioumis
The combination of miliary tuberculosis and tuberculous mycotic aneurysm has been described in the literature. We present the case of an 84-year-old man who was diagnosed with a mycotic aneurysm of the abdominal aorta and an adjacent soft tissue mass, after a 3- month history of fever. The patient underwent endovascular restoration of the aneurysm and was treated with broad-spectrum antibiotics. One and a half months later the fever relapsed and the chest CT scan revealed findings consistent with miliary tuberculosis and opacities of both upper lobes not present before, while the abdominal CT scan revealed an increase in the size of the para-aortic mass...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359717/-in-situ-endografting-in-the-treatment-of-arterial-and-graft-infections
#14
REVIEW
Georges M Haidar, Taylor D Hicks, David S Strosberg, Hosam F El-Sayed, Mark G Davies
OBJECTIVE: Endografts (eg, aortic aneurysm device or covered stent) are increasingly being used to temporize or treat arterial and graft infections in inaccessible areas, in patients with compromised anatomy, or in the presence of active bleeding or rupture. This summary examines the evidence for "in situ" endografting in the treatment these conditions. METHODS: A two-level search strategy of the literature (MEDLINE, PubMed, Google Scholar, and The Cochrane Library) was performed for relevant articles listed between January 2000 and December 2015...
June 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348903/successful-treatment-of-clostridium-difficile-bacteremia-with-aortic-mycotic-aneurysm-in-a-patient-with-prior-endovascular-aortic-aneurysm-repair
#15
Kairav Shah, Rebecca Brauch, Kartikeya Cherabuddi
The clinical spectrum of Clostridium difficile infection can range from benign gastrointestinal colonization to mild diarrhea and life threatening conditions such as pseudomembranous colitis and toxic megacolon. Extraintestinal manifestations of C. difficile are rare. Here, we report a patient with a history of an endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) presenting with an endovascular leak complicated by C. difficile bacteremia and a mycotic aneurysm. He was successfully treated with an explant of the EVAR, an aorto-left renal bypass, and aorto-bi-iliac bypass graft placement along with a six-week duration of intravenous vancomycin and oral metronidazole...
2017: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342521/endovascular-management-of-chronic-symptomatic-aortic-dissection-with-the-streamliner-multilayer-flow-modulator-twelve-month-outcomes-from-the-global-registry
#16
MULTICENTER STUDY
Sherif Sultan, Edel P Kavanagh, Florian Stefanov, Mohamed Sultan, Ala Elhelali, Victor Costache, Edward Diethrich, Niamh Hynes
OBJECTIVE: Reported are initial 12-month outcomes of patients with chronic symptomatic aortic dissection managed by the Streamliner Multilayer Flow Modulator (SMFM; Cardiatis, Isnes, Belgium). Primary end points were freedom from rupture- and aortic-related death, and reduction in false lumen index. Secondary end points were patency of great vessels and visceral branches, and freedom of stroke, paraplegia, and renal failure. METHODS: Out of 876 SMFM implanted globally, we have knowledge of 542...
April 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316859/mycotic-aneurysm-after-bacillus-calmette-gu%C3%A3-rin-treatment-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#17
Nathaniel D Coddington, Jesse K Sandberg, Chen Yang, Jennifer K Sehn, Eric H Kim, Seth A Strope
Background. Intravesicular Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) is an effective adjunctive therapy for superficial bladder cancer that has been shown to delay recurrence and progression of disease. Serious side effects are relatively rare but are difficult to diagnosis and commonly overlooked. Case Presentation. We report the case of a patient who was found to have mycotic aortic aneurysms secondary to treatment with BCG after a prolonged course with multiple intervening hospitalizations. Conclusion. Through this report, we discuss our present understanding of BCG infection following treatment and review the literature regarding this particular rare manifestation...
2017: Case Reports in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293008/-successful-emergency-management-of-an-infected-thoracic-aortic-aneurysm-rupture-using-a-pedicled-latissimus-dorsi-flap-after-stent-graft-implantation-report-of-a-case
#18
Susumu Takeuchi, Hiroyuki Tanaka, Yoshiro Hori
We report a case of ruptured mycotic thoracic aortic aneurysm treated with a pedicled latissimus dorsi flap after stent-graft implantation. The patient was a 64-year-old woman with diabetes mellitus that had developed septicemia as a result of pyelonephritis and a perinephric abscess. The patient required emergency stent-graft implantation due to rupture of an infected thoracic aortic aneurysm on hospital day 10. On hospital day 19, the abscess cavity was debrided and irrigated, and a pedicled latissimus dorsi flap was created...
March 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279718/the-role-of-endovascular-in-situ-revascularization-in-the-treatment-of-arterial-and-graft-infections
#19
David S Strosberg, Babatunde A Oriowo, Mark G Davies, Hosam F El Sayed
Mycotic aneurysms and prosthetic graft infections are traditionally treated with excision of the infected tissue or graft, often requiring anatomical or extraanatomical bypass, carrying significant morbidity and mortality. Currently, the role of endovascular repair without excision in this setting has yet to be defined. We present 2 case scenarios, whereby mycotic pseudoaneurysms were successfully treated with endovascular stent-graft coverage and to present an in-depth review of endovascular in situ revascularization in the treatment of arterial and graft infections...
March 7, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126017/ruptured-aortic-aneurysm-due-to-mycobacterium-bovis-bcg-with-a-delayed-bacteriological-diagnosis-due-to-false-negative-result-of-the-mpb-64-immunochromatographic-assay
#20
J Simar, L Belkhir, B Tombal, E André
BACKGROUND: Adjuvant therapy with bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG), a live attenuated strain of Mycobacterium bovis, has become the treatment of choice for low-risk superficial bladder carcinoma following transurethral resection of the bladder. Complications following vesical BCG instillations are uncommon but, in some cases, severe side-effects can occur such as sepsis or mycotic aneurysm. Besides usual laboratory techniques used for the diagnosis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBC) infections (smear microscopy and cultures), commercial immunochromatographic assays detecting MBP64, a 24 kDa M...
January 26, 2017: BMC Research Notes
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