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endovascular aortic repair

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540144/spondylitis-transmitted-from-infected-aortic-grafts-a-review
#1
REVIEW
Panayiotis D Megaloikonomos, Thekla Antoniadou, Leonidas Dimopoulos, Marcos Liontos, Vasilios Igoumenou, Georgios N Panagopoulos, Efthymia Giannitsioti, Andreas Lazaris, Andreas F Mavrogenis
Graft infection following aortic aneurysms repair is an uncommon but devastating complication; its incidence ranges from <1% to 6% (mean 4%), with an associated perioperative and overall mortality of 12% and 17.5-20%, respectively. The most common causative organisms are Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli; causative bacteria typically arise from the skin or gastrointestinal tract. The pathogenetic mechanisms of aortic graft infections are mainly breaks in sterile technique during its implantation, superinfection during bacteremia from a variety of sources, severe intraperitoneal or retroperitoneal inflammation, inoculation of bacteria during postoperative percutaneous interventions to manage various types of endoleaks, and external injury of the vascular graft...
2017: J Bone Jt Infect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540089/failed-tavi-in-tavi-implantation-tavi-dislocation-followed-by-ensuing-surgical-graft-resection
#2
Róbert Novotný, Jaroslav Hlubocký, Tomáš Kovárník, Petr Mitáš, Zuzana Hlubocka, Jan Rulíšek, Sevim Ismihan Gulmez, Shubjiwan Kaur Ghotra, Jaroslav Lindner
We are presenting a case report of failed valve-in-valve treatment of severe aortic stenosis. A control ultrasonography after TAVI implantation revealed a severe aortic regurgitation of the graft which was subsequently unresolved with postimplantation dilatation. Second TAVI was implanted with cranial dislocation to the aortic root. Patient underwent a CT examination to clarify the TAVI in TAVI position. Patient underwent a surgical resection of TAVI with implantation of biological aortic valve prosthesis. In situations where TAVI treatment fails or is complicated beyond the possibility of endovascular repair, surgical intervention despite its higher risks is the preferred choice...
2017: Case Reports in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540074/imaging-for-surveillance-and-operative-management-for-endovascular-aortic-aneurysm-repairs
#3
REVIEW
Christopher Lau, Dmitriy N Feldman, Leonard N Girardi, Luke K Kim
Endovascular aortic aneurysm repairs rely heavily on radiologic imaging modalities for preoperative surveillance, intraoperative management, and postoperative follow-up. Ultrasonography, computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and angiography all have utility at different stages of management. Often one imaging modality compliments another by providing supplementary information. Data from the imaging exams must be synthesized into one coherent plan for managing patients with aortic aneurysms...
April 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538630/the-evolution-of-care-improves-outcome-in-blunt-thoracic-aortic-injury-a-western-trauma-association-multicenter-study
#4
Steven R Shackford, Casey E Dunne, Riyad Karmy-Jones, William Long, Desarom Teso, Martin A Schreiber, Justin Watson, Cheri Watson, Robert C McIntyre, Lisa Ferrigno, Mark L Shapiro, Kevin Southerland, Julie A Dunn, Paul Reckard, Thomas M Scalea, Megan Brenner, William A Teeter
BACKGROUND: The management of blunt thoracic aortic injury (BTAI) has evolved radically in the last decade with changes in the processes of care and the introduction of thoracic endovascular repair (TEVAR). These changes have wrought improved outcome, but the direct effect of TEVAR on outcome remains in question as previous studies have lacked vigorous risk adjustment and long-term follow-up. To address these knowledge gaps, we compared the outcomes of TEVAR, open surgical repair, and nonoperative management for BTAI...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537446/clinical-outcomes-of-hypogastric-artery-occlusion-for-endovascular-aortic-aneurysm-repair
#5
Wuttichai Saengprakai, Joost A van Herwaarden, George S Georgiadis, Worawong Slisatkorn, Frans L Moll
PURPOSE: To determine the midterm outcomes of internal iliac artery (IIA) coverage by a stent-graft in endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) under specific anatomic and technical circumstances. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From January 2003 until January 2014, 57 patients with aortoiliac aneurysms, including 20 with 24 IIA aneurysms (IIAAs), underwent EVAR with IIA coverage. IIAA diameter change or IIA thrombosis, buttock claudication, type II endoleak, and secondary interventions related to the IIA were studied...
May 24, 2017: Minimally Invasive Therapy & Allied Technologies: MITAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535766/a-novel-anatomic-severity-grading-score-for-acute-type-b-aortic-dissections-and-correlation-to-aortic-reinterventions-after-thoracic-endovascular-aortic-repair
#6
Shirui Chen, Sebastian Larion, Sadaf S Ahanchi, Chad P Ammar, Colin T Brandt, Jean M Panneton
BACKGROUND: We introduce a novel preoperative anatomic severity grading system for acute type B aortic dissections and validate the system in a cohort of patients who underwent thoracic endovascular aortic repair. METHODS: We identified a cohort of patients who received thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) for acute type B aortic dissection from 2008 to 2014. We developed an anatomic severity grading score (ASG) to measure attributes of aortic anatomy that we hypothesized may affect difficulty or durability of repair...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535733/access-from-above-bailout-solution-for-intraoperative-distal-migration-of-abdominal-aortic-stent-graft
#7
Dimitrij Kuhelj, Jernej Avsenik, Dašmir Nuredini
The majority of the ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms today is treated endovascularly. In cases with short aneurysm neck, chimney technique can be used to extend landing zone in emergency setting. Additionally, the repositioning ability of C3 delivery system (Gore & Associates) allows better positioning in cases with challenging anatomy. In our experience, proximal reposition of partially deployed device can be problematic in some patients. We present a case of endovascular repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm using chimney technique where proximal reposition was achieved by snaring the aortic device via axillary access...
January 1, 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535732/duplex-ultrasound-surveillance-after-uncomplicated-endovascular-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-repair
#8
Jacob S Schaeffer, Irina Shakhnovich, Kyle N Sieck, Kara J Kallies, Clark A Davis, Thomas H Cogbill
OBJECTIVES: Health-care costs and risks of radiation and intravenous contrast exposure challenge computed tomography angiography (CTA) as the standard surveillance method after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR). We reviewed our experience using Duplex ultrasound scan (DUS) as an initial and subsequent surveillance technique after uncomplicated EVAR. METHODS: The medical records of patients who underwent EVAR from 2004 to 2014 with at least 1 postoperative imaging study were retrospectively reviewed...
January 1, 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528715/embolization-for-persistent-type-ia-endoleaks-after-chimney-endovascular-aneurysm-repair-with-onyx-%C3%A2
#9
C Marcelin, Y Le Bras, F Petitpierre, D Midy, N Grenier, E Ducasse, F Cornélis
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine retrospectively the safety and technical success rate of embolization using ethylene vinyl alcohol copolymer (Onyx(®)) for persistent type 1A endoleaks after chimney endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) for complex aortic aneurysms. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Nine consecutive patients (6 men, 3 women) with a mean age of 78.6 years (range: 62-87 years) presenting with persistent type IA endoleaks after chimney EVAR and an increase of aneurysm size were treated using transarterial embolization with Onyx(®)...
May 18, 2017: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527926/initial-and-midterm-results-of-the-bolton-relay-thoracic-aortic-endovascular-pivotal-trial
#10
Mark A Farber, W Anthony Lee, Wilson Y Szeto, Jean M Panneton, Christopher J Kwolek
OBJECTIVE: To report the initial and midterm results of the Bolton Relay Thoracic Stent Graft for the endovascular treatment of thoracic aortic lesions [thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR)]. METHODS: The Bolton Relay Thoracic Aortic Endovascular Pivotal Trial was a prospective, nonrandomized, multicenter, U.S. Investigational Device Exemption study conducted at 27 U.S. investigational sites. One hundred twenty TEVAR subjects were treated with the Relay device between January 2007 and May 2010, with 13 patients enrolled during the continued access phase through September 2012...
June 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527678/patient-reported-quality-of-life-after-endovascular-repair-of-thoracoabdominal-aortic-aneurysms
#11
Andrew J Meltzer, Peter H Connolly, Sharif Ellozy, Darren B Schneider
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess patient-reported physical and emotional well-being during follow-up after endovascular repair of TAAA. METHODS: All patients were treated in the context of a physician-sponsored investigational device exemption clinical study for patients at high risk for open TAAA repair. The SF-36 instrument was administered preoperatively, and at 1, 6, and 12 months. Results were analyzed using paired t-tests, with sub-group comparisons to assess impact of adverse events and technical results on quality of life...
May 17, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527199/the-value-of-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-ceus-using-a-high-end-ultrasound-system-in-the-characterization-of-endoleaks-after-endovascular-aortic-repair-evar
#12
J Rübenthaler, M Reiser, V Cantisani, D Rjosk-Dendorfer, D A Clevert
PURPOSE: To evaluate the value of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) using a high-end ultrasound system in the characterization of endoleaks after endovascular aortic repair (EVAR). MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this mono-center study, 41 patients were retrospectively analyzed after being examined using a modern high-end ultrasound system (RS80A with Prestige, Samsung Medison Co., Ltd., Seoul, Korea). The maximum diameters of the aneurysms were measured in two planes (right-left and ventral-dorsal)...
May 18, 2017: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523354/investigation-of-reference-levels-and-radiation-dose-associated-with-abdominal-evar-endovascular-aneurysm-repair-procedures-across-several-european-centres
#13
E Tuthill, L O'Hora, M O'Donohoe, S Panci, P Gilligan, D Campion, R Trenti, E Fox, D Catania, L Rainford
OBJECTIVES: Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) is considered the treatment of choice for abdominal aortic aneurysms with suitable anatomy. In order to improve radiation safety, European Directive (2013/59) requires member states to implement diagnostic reference levels (DRLs) in radio-diagnostic and interventional procedures. This study aimed to determine local DRLs for EVAR across five European centres and identify an interim European DRL, which currently remains unestablished. METHODS: Retrospective data was collected for 180 standard EVARs performed between January 2014 and July 2015 from five specialist centres in Ireland (n=2) and Italy (n=3)...
May 18, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523270/aortic-graft-infection-graphene-shows-the-way-to-an-infection-resistant-vascular-graft
#14
Nikolaos Patelis, Dimitrios Schizas, Theodoros Liakakos, Chris Klonaris
Aortic graft infection is a potentially lethal complication of open and endovascular repair of aortic aneurysms. Graphene is the only existing two-dimensional material, and its unique structure gives graphene and its derivatives a plethora of original characteristics. Among other characteristics, graphene demonstrates bacteriostatic and bactericidal effects that could potentially resolve the problem of graft infection in the future. Data already exist in literature supporting this antibacterial effect of graphene oxide and reduced graphene oxide...
2017: Frontiers in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523269/proximal-aortic-neck-progression-before-and-after-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-treatment
#15
REVIEW
Konstantinos A Filis, George Galyfos, Fragiska Sigala, Konstantinos Tsioufis, Ioannis Tsagos, Georgios Karantzikos, Christos Bakoyiannis, George Zografos
Several risk factors including short or highly angulated proximal aortic neck have been associated with long-term outcomes after endovascular or open abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair. However, research data have emerged recently concerning the behavior of proximal aortic neck, and several authors have tried to evaluate this behavior after endovascular or open repair. Additionally, computed tomography angiography (CTA) remains the golden standard for detecting and observing the morphology of an AAA, both before and after treatment...
2017: Frontiers in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516094/combined-transapical-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-and-thoracic-endovascular-aortic-repair-for-severe-aortic-stenosis-and-arch-aneurysm
#16
Yuanjia Zhu, Eric E Roselli, Jay J Idrees, Samir Kapadia, Lars G Svensson
An 83-year-old male with multiple comorbidities presented with critical aortic stenosis and a saccular aortic arch aneurysm. Through a mini thoracotomy, a balloon expandable transcatheter aortic valve was delivered transapically. A thoracic stent graft was then delivered through the prosthetic valve and deployed in the arch, while a covered stent was deployed in the left common carotid artery. Three-year postoperative computed tomography showed a thrombosed arch aneurysm with decreased size. This case demonstrates the feasibility of using combined transapical transcatheter technologies to treat multicomponent disease in a high-risk patient during a single operation...
October 2016: Aorta (Stamford, Conn.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514896/-snare-ride-a-bailout-technique-to-catheterize-target-vessels-with-unfriendly-anatomy-in-branched-endovascular-aortic-repair
#17
Marcelo Ferreira, Athanasios Katsargyris, Eduardo Rodrigues, Diego Ferreira, Rodrigo Cunha, Guilherme Bicalho, Gustavo Oderich, Eric L G Verhoeven
PURPOSE: To describe a novel endovascular bailout technique for successful completion of target vessel stenting during branched stent-graft repair of thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms (TAAA) after encountering difficulties with standard catheterization techniques. TECHNIQUE: Technical difficulties when using fenestrated and branched grafts should be expected, especially in difficult anatomy or when an off-the-shelf device (eg, standard 4-branch device) is used that does not perfectly "match" the anatomy...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Endovascular Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514895/outcomes-after-use-of-aortouniiliac-endoprosthesis-versus-modular-or-unibody-bifurcated-endoprostheses-for-endovascular-repair-of-ruptured-abdominal-aortic-aneurysms
#18
Prateek K Gupta, Kelly Kempe, Reshma Brahmbhatt, Himani Gupta, Jorge Montes, R Armour Forse, Shaun M Stickley, Michael J Rohrer
OBJECTIVES: Outcomes after endovascular repair (EVAR) of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (rAAAs) have been widely published. There is, however, controversy on the role of the use of aortouniiliac endoprosthesis (AUI) versus modular or unibody bifurcated endoprosthesis (MUB) for repair of rAAAs. We study and compare 30-day outcomes after use of AUI and MUB for all rAAAs focusing specifically on patients with instability. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients who underwent EVAR for rAAA (n = 425) using AUI (n = 55; 12...
January 1, 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514894/successful-repair-of-acute-type-b-and-retrograde-type-a-aortic-dissection-with-kidney-ischemia
#19
Jeko M Madjarov, Michael G Katz, Hector Crespo-Soto, Svetozar Madzharov, Timothy Roush, Francis Robicsek
Acute dissection of thoracic aorta carries a risk of renal ischemia followed by the development of a kidney failure. The optimal surgical and nonsurgical management of these patients, timing of intervention, and the factors predicting renal recovery are not well delineated and remain controversial. We present a case of acute type B thoracic aortic dissection with left kidney ischemia. Evaluation of renal function was performed by the means of internationally accepted Risk, Injury, Failure, Loss of kidney function, End stage kidney disease and Acute Kidney Injury Network classifications for acute kidney injury, renal duplex sonography, and intravascular ultrasound that demonstrated left renal artery dissection with a flap completely compressing the true lumen...
January 1, 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514469/association-of-very-low-volume-practice-with-vascular-surgery-outcomes-in-new-york
#20
Jialin Mao, Philip Goodney, Jack Cronenwett, Art Sedrakyan
Importance: Little research has focused on very low-volume surgery, especially in the context of decreasing vascular surgery volume with the adoption of endovascular procedures. Objective: To investigate the existence and outcomes of open abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (OAR) and carotid endarterectomy (CEA) performed by very low-volume surgeons in New York. Design, Settings, and Participants: This cohort study examined inpatient data of patients undergoing elective OAR or CEA from 2000 to 2014 from all New York hospitals...
May 17, 2017: JAMA Surgery
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