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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816802/carotid-body-tumor
#1
Satvinder S Bakshi, Lokesh Kumar T
A 17 year old girl presented with a progressively increasing swelling in her neck since 9 months. On examination a2*3 cm, firm, pulsatile swelling was felt in the left anterior triangle. The CT scan of the mass was suggestive of a carotid body tumor and urinary cathecholamines were negative. The mass was excised completely.
August 14, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806247/glomus-tumor-of-the-neck-detected-with-99mtc-edda-hynic-toc
#2
Neva Girotto, Tatjana Bogović-Crnčić, Svjetlana Grbac-Ivanković, Petra Valković-Zujić
A 54-year-old woman was referred to thyroid evaluation because of a lump on the left side of the neck. Ultrasound exam did not show any thyroid abnormality, but highly perfused nodule at the left common carotid artery bifurcation was found. Because of the specific location, somatostatin receptor scintigraphy with Tc EDDA HYNIC-TOC was performed, starting with perfusion images and followed with SPECT/CT imaging at 2 and 4 hours. Well-perfused nodule with intensive accumulation and no other visible pathology in the body raised suspicion of a glomus tumor, consistent with MR exam performed later...
August 12, 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713695/robotic-modified-radical-neck-dissection-with-bilateral-axillo-breast-approach
#3
REVIEW
June Young Choi, Kyung Ho Kang
Bilateral axillo-breast approach (BABA) robotic thyroidectomy has been performed since 2008, and the indications of the BABA robotic operation has been widened to the robotic modified radical neck dissection (MRND). The indication for BABA robotic MRND is suspicious lateral neck metastasis of well-differentiated thyroid carcinoma, and the contraindication is far advanced carcinoma such as encasement of common carotid artery. Surgical procedures start from flap formation as a routine BABA robotic thyroidectomy and the lateral neck dissection is performed from level IV and Vb to level III and IIA...
June 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691354/feasibility-of-a-wait-and-scan-period-as-initial-management-strategy-for-head-and-neck-paraganglioma
#4
Thijs T G Jansen, Henri J L M Timmers, Henri A M Marres, Henricus P M Kunst
BACKGROUND: The main goal of head and neck paraganglioma (PGL) management is reduction of treatment-induced and tumor-induced complications. In the current study, tumor growth rates and tumor-induced complications during a wait-and-scan period are evaluated. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study. Tumor growth was measured in axial plane diameter and tumor volume. RESULTS: Of 59 jugulotympanic tumors, 71 carotid body tumors, and 29 vagal body tumors, 44% were growing (median follow-up of 63...
July 10, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689940/carotid-body-tumor-resection-just-as-safe-without-preoperative-embolization
#5
Adrienne N Cobb, Adel Barkat, Witawat Daungjaiboon, Pegge Halandras, Paul Crisostomo, Paul C Kuo, Bernadette Aulivola
BACKGROUND: Carotid body tumors (CBT) are rare entities for which surgical resection remains the gold standard. Given their hypervascularity, preoperative embolization is often used, however, controversy exists over whether a benefit is associated. Proponents of embolization argue it minimizes blood loss and complications. Critics argue cost and stroke outweigh benefits. This study aimed to investigate the impact of embolization on outcomes following CBT resection. METHODS: Patients undergoing CBT resection were identified using the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project State Inpatient Database (HCUP-SID) for 5 states 2006-2013...
July 6, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688875/diagnostic-surgical-and-postoperative-challenges-of-neuroendocrine-tumors-of-the-neck-clinical-experience-and-literature-review
#6
Mohammad Mussadaq Khan, Mohammad Iqbal Khan, Hussan Ali, Tehreem Kazmi, Hania Iqbal
BACKGROUND: Neuroendocrine tumors of the neck are rare swellings, which constitute about 0.03% of all tumors. Most are sporadically arising paragangliomas. Over 50% arise from the carotid bodies and pose difficulties in diagnosis and surgical management, which may result in disabling complications. OBJECTIVE: To determine the diagnostic, surgical and postoperative challenges, and how to overcome them, in the management of neuroendocrine tumors of the neck. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive case series...
July 5, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687470/carotid-body-tumors-surgical-experience-in-215-cases
#7
Luis A Pacheco-Ojeda
INTRODUCTION: Carotid body tumors (CBT) are very unusual neck lesions. However, at high altitudes, they are less rarely found. This study intended to review our experience in diagnosis and surgical treatment of these lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Among 242 clinically diagnosed CBT, 215 tumors, arising in and retrospectively studied. All patients came from the Andean plateaux. Mean age was 52.5 years, 180 were females, and mean size was 4.21 cm. Shamblin type distribution, described in 187 patients, was: Type I 29(15%), type II 118(63%) and type III 40(22%)...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680217/glomus-tumor-of-the-larynx-a-rare-synchronous-paraganglioma-in-a-patient-with-bilateral-carotid-body-tumor-detected-on-68-ga-dotanoc-pet-ct
#8
Sarthak Tripathy, Anirban Mukherjee, Chirom A Singh, Bhinyaram Jat, Chandrasekhar Bal, Shamim Ahmed Shamim
Paragangliomas are neoplasms arising from extra-adrenal chromaffin tissue. They frequently cause symptoms by overproduction of catecholamines with known predilection to multicentricity. We describe the case of a patient with bilateral carotid body tumor who underwent a baseline 68 Gallium labeled [1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,4,7,10-tetraacetic acid]-1-NaI3-Octreotide.
July 2017: Indian Journal of Nuclear Medicine: IJNM: the Official Journal of the Society of Nuclear Medicine, India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675547/baroreceptor-reflex-failure-review-of-the-literature-and-the-potential-impact-on-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer
#9
Shivani Shah-Becker, Michael Pennock, Lawrence Sinoway, David Goldenberg, Neerav Goyal
BACKGROUND: Baroreceptor dysfunction and reflex failure may occur after surgery affecting the carotid artery. The implications for patients undergoing treatment for head and neck cancer are not well described. METHODS: A literature search of PubMed was performed between March 2016 and May 2016. Search terms used individually and in combination included: "baroreflex failure," "carotid sinus sensitivity," "carotid endarterectomy," "carotid body tumor," and "head and neck cancer...
July 4, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664013/erdheim-chester-disease-involving-the-central-nervous-system-with-the-unique-appearance-of-a-coated-vertebral-artery
#10
Hime Suzuki, Masahiko Wanibuchi, Katsuya Komatsu, Yukinori Akiyama, Takeshi Mikami, Shintaro Sugita, Tadashi Hasegawa, Mitsunori Kaya, Kohichi Takada, Nobuhiro Mikuni
Erdheim-Chester disease (ECD) is a rare non-Langerhans cell histiocytosis. It is characterized by multiple xanthogranulomatous masses throughout the body, predominantly in the tibia. One of the characteristic radiological findings of the lesions associated with ECD is a "coated artery," which is often observed in the aorta. Although approximately one-fourth of ECD cases involve the central nervous system (CNS), an intracranial-coated artery has only been reported in four cases. We report a case of ECD that involves the CNS and has the unique appearance of a coated vertebral artery (VA)...
October 2016: NMC Case Rep J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625128/the-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-signalling-pathway-inhibitor-sclerostin-is-a-biomarker-for-early-atherosclerosis-in-obesity
#11
Djordje S Popovic, Milena Mitrovic, Dragana Tomic-Naglic, Tijana Icin, Ivana Bajkin, Bojan Vukovic, Damir Benc, Zeljko Zivanovic, Branka Kovacev-Zavisic, Edita Stokic
BACKGROUND: Sclerostin is an inhibitor of the wingless-type mouse mammary tumor virus integration site family/β-catenin signalling pathway (WβcSP), which plays an important role in bone metabolism and in vascular biology. It could act protective regarding atherosclerosis development through its effect on WβcSP in vascular cells. Nevertheless, results of studies analyzing association between circulating sclerostin level (CSL) and atherosclerotic diseases (AD) are showing conflicting results...
June 18, 2017: Current Neurovascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606282/-risk-factors-of-rupture-of-internal-carotid-artery-during-surgical-resection-of-carotid-body-tumor
#12
Y H Li, J S Wang, C Yao, G Q Chang, H H Yin, S Q Li, W M Lü, Z J Hu, S M Wang
Objective: To investigate risk factors of rupture of internal carotid artery resection during carotid body tumor resection and to summarize our treatment experience. Methods: During the period from 1991 to 2016, rupture of internal carotid artery occurred in 27 patients (28 tumors) during surgical resection of carotid body tumor in the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University. Their clinical and follow-up data were retrospectively collected and analyzed. For all patients underwent surgical resection during this period, Logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the risk factors of intraoperative rupture of internal carotid artery...
June 13, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544809/robotic-radiosurgery-of-head-and-neck-paragangliomas-a-single-institution-experience
#13
İlker Tosun, Banu Atalar, Bilgehan Şahin, Görkem Güngör, Gökhan Aydin, Bülent Yapici, Enis Özyar
AIM: CyberKnife(®) is a robotic stereotactic radiotherapy system. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness and the safety of CyberKnife(®) on treating head and neck paragangliomas and to report our results. METHODS: Between March 2009 and June 2014, 12 patients with head and neck paragangliomas have been referred to our clinic: in three cases had jugular paragangliomas, five cases had carotid body paragangliomas and three cases had tympanic paragangliomas...
May 24, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527929/new-predictors-of-complications-in-carotid-body-tumor-resection
#14
MULTICENTER STUDY
Gloria Y Kim, Peter F Lawrence, Rameen S Moridzadeh, Kate Zimmerman, Alberto Munoz, Kuauhyama Luna-Ortiz, Gustavo S Oderich, Juan de Francisco, Jorge Ospina, Santiago Huertas, Leonardo R de Souza, Thomas C Bower, Steven Farley, Hugh A Gelabert, Marcus R Kret, E John Harris, Giovanni De Caridi, Francesco Spinelli, Matthew R Smeds, Christos D Liapis, John Kakisis, Anastasios P Papapetrou, Eike S Debus, Christian-A Behrendt, Edgar Kleinspehn, Joshua D Horton, Firas F Mussa, Stephen W K Cheng, Mark D Morasch, Khurram Rasheed, Matthew E Bennett, Jean Bismuth, Alan B Lumsden, Christopher J Abularrage, Alik Farber
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the relationship between two new variables, tumor distance to base of skull (DTBOS) and tumor volume, with complications of carotid body tumor (CBT) resection, including bleeding and cranial nerve injury. METHODS: Patients who underwent CBT resection between 2004 and 2014 were studied using a standardized, multi-institutional database. Demographic, perioperative, and outcomes data were collected. CBT measurements were determined from computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and ultrasound examination...
June 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498000/metastatic-brain-carotid-body-paraganglioma-with-endocrine-activity-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#15
Xiang Wang, Xianglan Zhu, Jinxiu Chen, Yanhui Liu, Qing Mao
A woman with hypertension and hyperglycemia was diagnosed a metastatic brain carotid body paraganglioma. Her blood pressure, glucose, and norepinephrine were normal after craniotomy. Although most carotid body tumors are benign, a few show distant metastasis. This is the first reported case of intracerebral metastases from a carotid body tumor.
May 12, 2017: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495453/relative-initial-weight-is-associated-with-improved-survival-without-altering-tumor-latency-in-a-translational-rat-model-of-diethylnitrosamine-induced-hepatocellular-carcinoma-and-transarterial-embolization
#16
Ryan M Kiefer, Stephen J Hunt, Santiago Pulido, Stephen Pickup, Emma E Furth, Michael C Soulen, Gregory J Nadolski, Terence P Gade
PURPOSE: To test the hypotheses that (i) heavier rats demonstrate improved survival with diminished fibrosis in a diethylnitrosamine (DEN)-induced model of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and (ii) transarterial embolization via femoral artery access decreases procedure times versus carotid access. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred thirty-eight male Wistar rats ingested 0.01% DEN in water ad libitum for 12 weeks. T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging was used for tumor surveillance...
July 2017: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439430/mistakes-in-ultrasound-diagnosis-of-superficial-lymph-nodes
#17
REVIEW
Ewa J Białek, Wiesław Jakubowski
The article discusses basic mistakes that can occur during ultrasound imaging of superficial lymph nodes. Ultrasound is the first imaging method used in the diseases of superficial organs and tissues, including lymph nodes. The causes of mistakes can be either dependent or independent of the performing physician. The first group of mistakes includes inappropriate interpretation of images of anatomical structures, while the latter group includes, among other things, similar ultrasound images of different pathologies...
March 2017: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401029/iatrogenic-central-retinal-artery-occlusion-after-carotid-body-tumor-embolization-and-excision
#18
Carlos M Rangel, Sergio Jaramillo, Clara L Varón, Angélica M Prada
Objective: To report a case of iatrogenic central retinal artery occlusion after embolization and surgical resection of carotid body paraganglioma. Methods: Case report Results: One adult female patient presented with persistent unilateral visual loss after embolization with Embosphere(®) and Contour(®) microparticles of carotid body tumor. Fluorescein angiography revealed intraluminal microspheres in the central retinal artery ramifications. OCT revealed intraretinal spherical, hyporeflective particles with posterior shadowing...
2017: GMS Ophthalmology Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338216/the-diversified-function-and-potential-therapy-of-ectopic-olfactory-receptors-in-non-olfactory-tissues
#19
Zhe Chen, Hong Zhao, Nian Fu, Linxi Chen
Olfactory receptors (ORs) are mainly distributed in olfactory neurons and play a key role in detecting volatile odorants, eventually resulting in the production of smell perception. Recently, it is also reported that ORs are expressed in non-olfactory tissues including heart, lung, sperm, skin, and cancerous tissues. Interestingly, ectopic ORs are associated with the development of diseases in non-olfactory tissues. For instance, ectopic ORs initiate the hypoxic ventilatory responses and maintain the oxygen homeostasis of breathing in the carotid body when oxygen levels decline...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324801/schwannoma-of-the-descending-loop-of-the-hypoglossal-nerve-case-report
#20
Giulio Illuminati, Giulia Pizzardi, Rocco Pasqua, Piergaspare Palumbo, Francesco Vietri
INTRODUCTION: Schwannomas of the descending loop of the hypoglossal nerve are very rare. They are slow-growing tumors that may masquerade a carotid body tumor. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 60-year-old female was referred for a latero-cervical mass appearing as a chemodectoma at CT-scan. At operation, a 2cm mass arising from the descending loop of the hypoglossal nerve was resected en bloc with the loop itself and a functional lymphadenectomy was associated. Post-operative course was uneventful and the patient is free from disease recurrence at one year follow-up...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
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