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postoperative fever pediatric

Kristine S Corkum, Catherine J Hunter, Julia E Grabowski, Timothy B Lautz
BACKGROUND: Early postoperative fever is common. Adult data indicate that workup is unnecessary in the early postoperative period, but comparable data in children is limited. The objectives are to determine the incidence of fever and the utilization and yield of tests ordered in children. METHODS: Single-institution, retrospective analysis of surgical patients undergoing an elective inpatient/observational surgery between 2011 and 2015 was performed. Early fever was defined >38...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Ryo Muranushi, Makoto Suzuki, Kenichiro Araki, Norio Kubo, Sayaka Otake, Yutaka Nishida, Takashi Ishige, Hirokazu Arakawa, Hiroyuki Kuwano, Ken Shirabe
BACKGROUND: Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD), a rare inherited disorder, is characterized by impaired ability of phagocytic cells to kill certain bacteria and fungi. Although liver abscess is a common manifestation of CGD, its optimal management in these patients is unknown. Here, we present a case of successful hepatectomy for hepatic abscess in a patient with CGD. CASE PRESENTATION: An adolescent patient with previously diagnosed CGD presented to the pediatrics department of our institution with fever...
December 2017: Surgical Case Reports
Jonathan Roth, Shlomi Constantini
PURPOSE: Over recent years, 5-aminoluvolinic acid (5ALA) has been increasingly used for resection guidance in adult high-grade gliomas. However, amongst pediatric patients, publication of intraoperative fluorescence has been limited, with inconsistent outcomes. We describe our experience and intraoperative finding amongst children with various brain tumors that were given 5ALA prior to tumor resection. METHODS: Since October 2014, data regarding intraoperative findings amongst children that received 5ALA prior to tumor resection were prospectively collected...
March 14, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
Abdoljalil Kalantar Hormozi, Nastaran Mahdavi, Mohammad Mehdi Foroozanfar, Seyed Sajad Razavi, Razavi Mohajerani, Ahmad Eghbali, Amir Ali Mafi, Haleh Hashemzadeh, Alireza Mahdavi
BACKGROUND: Craniosynostosis results from premature closure of one or more cranial sutures, leading to deformed calvaria and craniofacial skeleton at birth. Postoperative complications and outcome in intensive care unit (ICU) is related to surgical method and perioperative management. This study determined the perioperative risk factors, which affect outcome of patients after craniosynostosis surgery. METHODS: In a retrospective study, 178 patients with craniosynostosis who underwent primary cranial reconstruction were included...
January 2017: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
E Yuruk, M Tuken, S Gonultas, A Colakerol, O O Cakir, M Binbay, K Sarica, A Y Muslumanoglu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy and safety of retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) in the treatment of pediatric cystine stones. STUDY DESIGN: Data of the pediatric patients who underwent RIRS for kidney stones were retrospectively evaluated. A total of 14 children with cystine stones managed with RIRS were identified. In addition to the patient demographics and stone characteristics, all retrospectively obtained operative data were evaluated and discussed in detail, with an emphasis on the success and complication rates...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Alberto Martini, Ioannis Katafigiotis, Sofia Kalantzi, Ioannis Anastasiou, Ioannis Adamakis, Aggelos Toskas, Constantinos A Constantinides
INTRODUCTION: Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is a rare pathology that increases patients' susceptibility to infections, given the inability to generate oxygen radicals to fight microorganisms.In the context of CGD, primary prostatic involvement has been described only once in the past, in a pediatric patient. CASE REPORT: We report the case of a 35-year old patient with CGD presenting with persistent fever. After hospital admission, blood and urine were sent for culture and antibiotic therapy was initiated...
February 8, 2017: Urologia
Ezeali Mike Ekuma, Kiyoshi Ito, Akihiro Chiba, Yosuke Hara, Kohei Kanaya, Tetsuyoshi Horiuchi, Samuel Ohaegbulam, Kazuhiro Hongo
Spontaneous acute subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) from lumbar ependymoma in children is rare. We report a case of a 14-year-old boy who developed sudden radicular low back pain while playing baseball. He was initially managed conservatively in a local hospital for suspected lumbar disc herniation, but he later developed meningeal symptoms and fever before being referred to our hospital. He underwent a diagnostic lumbar puncture in the emergency department; his cerebrospinal fluid suggested an SAH. Physical examination showed meningeal signs and cauda equina features...
April 2017: World Neurosurgery
Kaushik Shah, Madhu Sudan Agrawal, Dilip Kumar Mishra
INTRODUCTION: Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) has undergone significant changes in recent years in the quest for improving efficacy and reducing morbidity. Newer minimally-invasive modalities of PCNL such as mini-PCNL, ultra-mini PCNL, and micro-PCNL have evolved with advancement in optics and technology. However, with these newer advancements, migration of small fragments produced with laser lithotripsy remains a concern, which may result in incomplete stone clearance. We describe a new technique of PCNL termed "Superperc", that utilizes suction to remove all the fragments and maintain one-way flow...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Urology: IJU: Journal of the Urological Society of India
Marzieh R Honardar, Jesus Rubio, Sanjay M Bhananker
Malignant hyperthermia (MH) is an extremely rare and life-threatening differential diagnosis of postoperative fever. We present an 8-month-old child scheduled for elective outpatient procedure who rapidly developed high fever, tachycardia, and respiratory acidosis shortly after transfer to the postanesthesia care unit. MH hotline expert recommended administering dantrolene, but there was no evidence of hypermetabolism or lactic acidosis. The patient remained clinically stable after admission to the pediatric intensive care unit and was discharged home the next day...
October 2016: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
Aaron D Seims, Lisa VanHouwelingen, Jessica Mead, Shenghua Mao, Amos Loh, John A Sandoval, Andrew M Davidoff, Jianrong Wu, Winfred C Wang, Israel Fernandez-Pineda
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopy offers many benefits to splenectomy, such as reduced incisional pain and shortened hospital duration. The purpose of this study is to evaluate procedural and outcome differences between multiport (MP) and reduced port (RP) splenectomy when utilized to treat children. PATIENTS AND METHODS: An institutional review board approved retrospective analysis of all consecutive laparoscopic total splenectomies performed at a single institution between January 2010 and October 2015 was conducted...
February 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
Laura Mihaela Trandafir, Madalina Ionela Chiriac, Smaranda Diaconescu, Ileana Ioniuc, Ingrith Miron, Daniel Rusu
BACKGROUND: Recurrent fever syndrome, known as the Marshall syndrome (MS), is a clinical entity that includes several clinical features, such as: fever (39-40°C) that occurs repeatedly at variable intervals (3-8 weeks) and in episodes of 3 to 6 days, cervical adenopathy, pharyngitis, and aphthous stomatitis. The diagnosis of MS is one of exclusions; laboratory data is nonspecific and no abnormalities correlated with MS have been detected thus far. METHODS: The authors report the case of a 2-year-old girl admitted to a tertiary pediatric center for repeated episodes of fever with aphthous stomatitis and laterocervical adenopathy...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Nicole Hubner, Jacob Charles Langer, Sari Kives, Lisa Mary Allen
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to document the change in ovarian conservation rate after ovarian torsion as a result of continuous quality improvement (CQI) measures, and to determine factors that contribute to this outcome. DESIGN: A retrospective, uncontrolled before-and-after study. SETTING: An academic children's hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Female adolescents younger than 18 years with surgically confirmed ovarian torsion from April 1, 1988 to October 15, 2013; excluding cases from 2003 (intervention period)...
February 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
Veronica Carlini, Valeria Calcaterra, Nunzia Decembrino, Laura Rubert, Noemi Pasqua, Mattia Novario, Marco Lucioni, Marco Brunero, Gloria Pelizzo
In leukemic patients, appendectomy must be approached with caution because of the increased risk of complications. Fungal appendicitis is rare and only a few cases have been described in the literature, particularly in immunocompromised individuals in whom this infection can be fatal. We present 2 pediatric patients with acute myeloid leukemia, who developed appendicitis during the postchemotherapy neutropenic phase, while receiving antifungal prophylaxis. Fever was the first sign of infection. Laparoscopic appendectomy was performed without postoperative complications...
October 2016: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
Shaoguang Feng, Yuhui Qiu, Xiang Li, Huajun Yang, Chen Wang, Junjia Yang, Weiguang Liu, Aihe Wang, Xianming Yao, Xin-He Lai
PURPOSE: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to compare the clinical outcomes between laparoscopic splenectomy and the traditional open splenectomy in children. METHODS: Literature searches were conducted to identify studies having compared the laparoscopic splenectomy (LS) and open splenectomy (OS) for children. Parameters such as operative time, blood loss, length of postoperative stay, the removal of accessory spleens and postoperative complications including postoperative high fever, acute chest syndrome (ACS), and ileus were pooled and compared by meta-analysis...
March 2016: Pediatric Surgery International
Arkadi Yakirevitch, Assaf Arie Barg, Lev Bedrin, Adi Primov-Fever, Michael Wolf, Lela Migirov
The incidence of acute invasive fungal rhinosinusitis (AIFR) is rising due to more aggressive chemotherapy and longer survival of immunosuppressed patients. Early diagnosis and appropriate but nonmutilating surgical treatment are particularly problematic in the pediatric population. This study aimed to evaluate the outcome of surgery for pediatric AIFR. Medical records of children surgically treated for AIFR between 1998 and 2014 were reviewed. Diagnosis was based on both histopathological and microbiological confirmation...
2015: Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
David M Axelrod, Jeffrey A Alten, John T Berger, Mark W Hall, Ravi Thiagarajan, Ronald A Bronicki
Since the inception of the Pediatric Cardiac Intensive Care Society (PCICS) in 2003, remarkable advances in the care of children with critical cardiac disease have been developed. Specialized surgical approaches, anesthesiology practices, and intensive care management have all contributed to improved outcomes. However, significant morbidity often results from immunologic or infectious disease in the perioperative period or during a medical intensive care unit admission. The immunologic or infectious illness may lead to fever, which requires the attention and resources of the cardiac intensivist...
October 2015: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
Izabela Pągowska-Klimek, Anna S Świerzko, Mateusz Michalski, Maciej Moll, Agnieszka Szala-Poździej, Anna Sokołowska, Wojciech R Krajewski, Maciej Cedzyński
We investigated MBL2 and MASP2 genotypes, serum MBL (mannose-binding lectin) levels and activities of its complexes with associated serine proteases (MASP-1, MASP -2), in relation to complications following cardiac surgery in 195 children. The incidence of SIRS was lower in patients carrying MBL2 A/O and O/O genotypes (p=0.024). Children with MBL levels <500ng/ml had a lower risk of SIRS (p=0.014) and fever (p=0.044). Median MBL concentration was higher in patients who developed SIRS (p=0.048) but lower in those with post-operative infections (p=0...
February 2016: Immunobiology
Onur Dede, Ahmet Ali Sancaktutar, Okan Baş, Mansur Dağgüllu, Mazhar Utangaç, Necmettin Penbegul, Haluk Soylemez, Namık Kemal Hatipoglu, Mehmet Nuri Bodakci, Yaşar Bozkurt, Murat Atar, Gülay Dede
This study aimed to investigate the effectiveness and reliability of micro-percutaneous nephrolithotomy (micro-PNL) for the management of kidney stones in pediatric patients. This retrospective study included 24 infants that underwent micro-PNL for renal stones between March 2012 and April 2015. The inclusion criteria included: age younger than 2 years, stone size <20 mm, absence of urinary tract malformations and active infection, and no coagulopathy. Stone-free rates were assessed one month postoperatively by ultrasonography (USG) and kidneys, ureters, bladder (KUB) radiography...
April 2016: Urolithiasis
Hua-Nan Luo, Si-Jing Ma, Hai-Li Guo, Zheng-Hui Wang, Xiao-Yong Ren
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To compare the different effects of bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) with diverse combinations of lidocaine, epinephrine, and dexamethasone on pediatric patients with an inhaled tracheobronchial foreign body (TFB). STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled study. METHODS: Two hundred forty cases of pediatric patients with inhaled TFB were included in this study, and were randomly divided into four groups using three kinds of drugs for BAL, namely 0...
April 2016: Laryngoscope
Mark V Silva, Alison C Levy, Julia B Finkelstein, Jason P Van Batavia, Pasquale Casale
BACKGROUND: The necessity for urinary diversion with trans-anastomotic ureteral stenting during pyeloplasty is currently under debate. Performing a stentless repair could eliminate stent-related morbidity, including: stent migration, urinary tract infection, flank pain, and bladder spasms. In addition, there would be no need for a second procedure and associated anesthesia required for stent removal. This study describes the outcomes of robotic-assisted laparoscopic pyeloplasty without use of a ureteral stent...
August 2015: Journal of Pediatric Urology
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