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Disability and exercise

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088616/patient-agency-and-contested-notions-of-disability-in-social-assistance-applications-in-south-africa
#1
Gabrielle Kelly
Problems in fairly allocating welfare and health resources are very often located in the spaces where citizens interact directly with state workers. This study draws on observations of doctor-patient encounters in disability assessments for the South African disability grant (DG) to examine how doctor-patient interactions and patient agency shape social welfare allocation in a context of high poverty and inequality. Data were gathered via interviews with healthcare workers and observations of doctor-patient interactions in twelve clinics and three hospitals in the Western Cape province between October 2013 and August 2014...
January 9, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088380/aquatic-exercise-therapy-for-people-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Louise M Carroll, Daniele Volpe, Meg E Morris, Jean Saunders, Amanda M Clifford
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of aquatic exercise therapy on gait variability and disability compared to usual care for people with Parkinson's disease (PD). DESIGN: Single-blind randomized control trial (RCT). SETTING: A community based hydrotherapy pool in Ireland. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty one individuals with PD (Hoehn-Yahr Stages I-III). INTERVENTIONS: Participants were randomly assigned to either an aquatic exercise therapy group (45 minutes, twice a week for 6 weeks) or a control group that received usual care...
January 11, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087891/physical-activity-and-exercise-for-chronic-pain-in-adults-an-overview-of-cochrane-reviews
#3
REVIEW
Louise J Geneen, R Andrew Moore, Clare Clarke, Denis Martin, Lesley A Colvin, Blair H Smith
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is defined as pain lasting beyond normal tissue healing time, generally taken to be 12 weeks. It contributes to disability, anxiety, depression, sleep disturbances, poor quality of life, and healthcare costs. Chronic pain has a weighted mean prevalence in adults of 20%.For many years, the treatment choice for chronic pain included recommendations for rest and inactivity. However, exercise may have specific benefits in reducing the severity of chronic pain, as well as more general benefits associated with improved overall physical and mental health, and physical functioning...
January 14, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078503/efficacy-of-pulsed-nd-yag-laser-in-the-treatment-of-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Mohamed Salaheldien Mohamed Alayat, Tarek Helmy Ahmed Aly, Aly Elsayed Mohamed Elsayed, Ammar Suliman Mohamed Fadil
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of pulsed Nd:YAG laser plus glucosamine/chondroitin sulfate (GCS) in patients with knee osteoarthritis (KOA) by examining changes in pain and knee function, as well as synovial thickness (ST) and femoral cartilage thickness (FCT). Sixty-seven male patients participated, with a mean (SD) age of 53.85 (4.39) years, weight of 84.01 (4.70) kg, height of 171.51 (3.96) cm, and BMI of 28.56 (1.22). Group 1 was treated with high-intensity laser therapy (HILT), GCS, and exercises (HILT + GCS + EX)...
January 11, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076926/yoga-treatment-for-chronic-non-specific-low-back-pain
#5
REVIEW
L Susan Wieland, Nicole Skoetz, Karen Pilkington, Ramaprabhu Vempati, Christopher R D'Adamo, Brian M Berman
BACKGROUND: Non-specific low back pain is a common, potentially disabling condition usually treated with self-care and non-prescription medication. For chronic low back pain, current guidelines state that exercise therapy may be beneficial. Yoga is a mind-body exercise sometimes used for non-specific low back pain. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of yoga for treating chronic non-specific low back pain, compared to no specific treatment, a minimal intervention (e...
January 12, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075425/management-of-fibromyalgia-practical-guides-from-recent-evidence-based-guidelines
#6
Winfried Häuser, Jacob Ablin, Serge Perrot, Mary-Ann Fitzcharles
Fibromyalgia (FM) is a prevalent and costly condition worldwide, affecting approximately 2% of the general population. Recent evidence- and consensus-based guidelines from Canada, Germany, Israel and the European League Against Rheumatism aim to support physicians in achieving a comprehensive diagnostic work-up of patients with chronic widespread pain (CWP) and to assist patients and physicians in shared decision making on treament options. Every patient with CWP requires at the first medical evaluation a complete history, medical examination and some laboratory tests (complete blood count, C-reactive protein, serum calcium, creatine phosphokinase, thyroid stimulating hormone, 25-OH vitamin D) to screen for metabolic or inflammatory causes of CWP...
January 4, 2017: Polskie Archiwum Medycyny Wewnętrznej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074672/a-power-assisted-exercise-intervention-in-people-with-profound-intellectual-and-multiple-disabilities-living-in-a-residential-facility-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Leontien Wm Bossink, Annette Aj van der Putten, Aly Waninge, Carla Vlaskamp
OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility of conducting a randomised controlled trial to determine the effectiveness of a twenty-week power-assisted exercise intervention in people with profound intellectual and multiple disabilities and to evaluate the potential beneficial effects of this intervention. DESIGN: Pilot randomised controlled trial. SETTING: A large-scale twenty-four-hour residential facility in the Netherlands. SUBJECTS: Thirty-seven persons with profound intellectual and multiple disabilities...
January 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072907/symptomatic-treatments-for-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-motor-neuron-disease
#8
REVIEW
Louisa Ng, Fary Khan, Carolyn A Young, Mary Galea
BACKGROUND: Motor neuron disease (MND), which is also known as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), causes a wide range of symptoms but the evidence base for the effectiveness of the symptomatic treatment therapies is limited. OBJECTIVES: To summarise the evidence from Cochrane Systematic Reviews of all symptomatic treatments for MND. METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (CDSR) on 15 November 2016 for systematic reviews of symptomatic treatments for MND...
January 10, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069663/cybercycling-effects-on-classroom-behavior-in-children-with-behavioral-health-disorders-an-rct
#9
April Bowling, James Slavet, Daniel P Miller, Sebastien Haneuse, William Beardslee, Kirsten Davison
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Exercise is linked with improved cognition and behavior in children in clinical and experimental settings. This translational study examined if an aerobic cybercycling intervention integrated into physical education (PE) resulted in improvements in behavioral self-regulation and classroom functioning among children with mental health disabilities attending a therapeutic day school. METHODS: Using a 14-week crossover design, students (N = 103) were randomly assigned by classroom (k = 14) to receive the 7-week aerobic cybercycling PE curriculum during fall 2014 or spring 2015...
January 9, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068931/self-perceived-uselessness-and-associated-factors-among-older-adults-in-china
#10
Yuan Zhao, Jessica M Sautter, Li Qiu, Danan Gu
BACKGROUND: Self-perceived uselessness is associated with poor health and high mortality among older adults in China. However, it is unclear which demographic, psychosocial, behavioral and health factors are associated with self-perceived uselessness. METHODS: Data came from four waves (2005, 2008, 2011 and 2014) of the largest nationwide longitudinal survey of the population aged 65 and older in China (26,624 individuals contributed 48,476 observations). This study aimed to systematically investigate factors associated with self-perceived uselessness based on the proposed REHAB framework that includes resources (R), environments (E), health (H), fixed attributes (A) and behaviors (B)...
January 9, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064170/cardiorespiratory-fitness-and-brain-volumes-in-men-and-women-in-the-finger-study
#11
Heikki Pentikäinen, Tiia Ngandu, Yawu Liu, Kai Savonen, Pirjo Komulainen, Merja Hallikainen, Miia Kivipelto, Rainer Rauramaa, Hilkka Soininen
BACKGROUND: high cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) is associated with larger brain volumes but data on sex differences in the association of CRF with brain volumes are scarce. We investigated whether the association of CRF with total grey matter (GM) and white matter volumes as well as medial temporal lobe and striatum volumes is different between men and women at increased risk for Alzheimer's disease (AD). METHODS: we used baseline data from The Finnish Geriatric Intervention Study to Prevent Cognitive Impairment and Disability (FINGER) in which the inclusion criteria were set to select individuals with cognitive performance at the mean level or slightly lower than expected for age according to Finnish population norms...
January 6, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061841/supervised-neuromuscular-exercise-prior-to-hip-and-knee-replacement-12-month-clinical-effect-and-cost-utility-analysis-alongside-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#12
Linda Fernandes, Ewa M Roos, Søren Overgaard, Allan Villadsen, Rikke Søgaard
BACKGROUND: There are indications of beneficial short-term effect of pre-operative exercise in reducing pain and improving activity of daily living after total hip replacement (THR) and total knee replacement (TKR) surgery. Though, information from studies conducting longer follow-ups and economic evaluations of exercise prior to THR and TKR is needed. The aim of the study was to analyse 12-month clinical effect and cost-utility of supervised neuromuscular exercise prior to THR and TKR surgery...
January 6, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060461/responsiveness-of-the-bridge-maneuvers-in-subjects-with-symptomatic-lumbar-spondylolisthesis-a-prospective-cohort-study
#13
Carla Vanti, Silvano Ferrari, Pedro Berjano, Jorge Hugo Villafañe, Marco Monticone
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To date no study was made on the responsiveness of Bridge tests (BTs) in subjects with low back pain and spondylolisthesis (SPL) submitted to a physical therapy program. The objective of this study is to examine the responsiveness of the BTs in subjects with symptomatic lumbar SPL. METHODS: One hundred twenty patients with symptomatic SPL received physical therapy treatments for a number of sessions depending on the individual patient's needs...
January 6, 2017: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059865/efferent-vision-therapy
#14
Janet C Rucker, Paul H Phillips
BACKGROUND: Traditional orthoptic therapy used by ophthalmologists, orthoptists, and optometrists is directed at improving visual acuity, ocular alignment, or both. For example, convergence exercises are used to treat convergence insufficiency (CI). However, other forms of "vision therapy" are directed at improving "visual processing and efficiency." The therapeutic regimen often entails repetitive ocular motor tasks performed during multiple office visits with a behavioral optometrist...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058230/outcomes-in-randomized-controlled-trials-of-exercise-interventions-in-solid-organ-transplant
#15
Tania Janaudis-Ferreira, Sunita Mathur, Stacey Konidis, Catherine M Tansey, Cecile Beaurepaire
AIM: To identify the outcome measures that have been used in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of exercise training in solid organ transplant (SOT) recipients and to link these outcomes to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) framework. METHODS: Electronic literature searches of MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, Cochrane, Scopus, and Web of Science were performed. We sought RCTs that investigated the effect of exercise training in SOT recipients...
December 24, 2016: World Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039068/preserving-older-adults-routine-outdoor-activities-in-contrasting-neighborhood-environments-through-a-physical-activity-intervention
#16
Abby C King, Deborah Salvo, Jorge A Banda, David K Ahn, James E Chapman, Thomas M Gill, Roger A Fielding, Jamehl Demons, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Andrea Rosso, Marco Pahor, Lawrence D Frank
: While neighborhood design can potentially influence routine outdoor physical activities (PA), little is known concerning its effects on such activities among older adults attempting to increase their PA levels. We evaluated the effects of living in neighborhoods differing in compactness on changes in routine outdoor activities (e.g., walking, gardening, yard work) among older adults at increased mobility disability risk participating in the LIFE-Pilot PA trial (2003-07; ages 70-89years; from Dallas, TX, San Francisco Bay area, Pittsburgh, PA, and Winston-Salem, NC)...
December 28, 2016: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034987/do-subjects-with-whiplash-associated-disorders-respond-differently-in-the-short-term-to-manual-therapy-and-exercise-than-those-with-mechanical-neck-pain
#17
Matteo Castaldo, Antonella Catena, Alessandro Chiarotto, César Fernández-de-Las-Peñas, Lars Arendt-Nielsen
OBJECTIVE : To compare the short-term effects of manual therapy and exercise on pain, related disability, range of motion, and pressure pain thresholds between subjects with mechanical neck pain and whiplash-associated disorders. METHODS : Twenty-two subjects with mechanical neck pain and 28 with whiplash-associated disorders participated. Clinical and physical outcomes including neck pain intensity, neck-related disability, and pain area, as well as cervical range of motion and pressure pain thresholds over the upper trapezius and tibialis anterior muscles, were obtained at baseline and after the intervention by a blinded assessor...
December 29, 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029078/nutrition-and-exercise-in-sarcopenia
#18
Stephen D Anton, Azumi Hida, Robert Mankowski, Andrew Layne, Lawrence Solberg, Arch G Mainous, Thomas W Buford
Sarcopenia is a debilitating condition that involves loss of muscle mass and function, which affects virtually everyone as they age, and can lead to frailty and ultimately disability. In growing recognition of the importance of both muscle strength and muscle mass relative to body size in contributing to functional decline, recent definitions have now incorporated grip strength and a correction for body mass as part of the key criteria that define sarcopenia. With this new definition, a much larger population of older adults are now at risk of sarcopenia...
December 27, 2016: Current Protein & Peptide Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025086/exercise-training-on-skill-related-physical-fitness-in-adolescents-with-intellectual-disability-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Shiau-Chian Jeng, Chia-Wei Chang, Wen-Yu Liu, Yu-Jen Hou, Yang-Hua Lin
BACKGROUND: Skill-related fitness (SRF) is a component of physical fitness related to sports or occupational performance. Adolescents with intellectual disability (ID) can take advantage of SRF for enhancing work performance and enjoying participation with peers in leisure activities. However, few studies have examined the benefits of exercise on SRF in adolescents with ID. OBJECTIVE: This study synthesized the results from the reviewed studies and determined whether exercise training improves SRF in adolescents with ID...
December 19, 2016: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024663/t4-syndrome-a-scoping-review-of-the-literature
#20
Steve Karas, Albert Pannone
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this scoping review was to identify any available evidence regarding T4 syndrome. METHODS: Databases were searched from inception through October 2015 and included PubMed, CINAHL, PEDro, Google Scholar, Osteomed-DR; Index to Chiropractic Literature, PROSPERO, and Chiroaccess. All studies with information about T4 syndrome that were published in a peer-reviewed journal or textbook were included. The information was organized in the format of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
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