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arteriosclerotic occlusion

Marco V Usai, Michel J Bosiers, Theodosios Bisdas, Giovanni Torsello, Efthymis Beropoulis, Bernd Kasprzak, Arne Stachmann, Konstantinos Stavroulakis
BACKGROUND: Endovascular treatment offers an alternative less-invasive approach to open repair for subclavian artery atherosclerotic disease (SAAD). However, only few studies compared the outcomes of both strategies in the long run. This study reports on the performance of endovascular and surgical revascularization for SAAD. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted on patients treated for SAAD at two institutions between January 1998 and December 2015. Primary outcome of this study was the composite endpoint of re-intervention-free survival (RFS) defined as time to re-intervention and/or death from any cause...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
Badr AbdullGaffar, Krysztof Waslewski
Emboli are common clinicopathologic findings. Recognition of the type of arterial emboli could be the first clue to the original source. Emboli with myxomatous changes are rare. Myxoma-like features in mural organizing thrombi have been reported. The most challenging differential diagnosis is between embolic cardiac myxomas and myxomatous thromboemboli. Emboli from sarcomas and arteriosclerotic plaques with myxoid features are also potential pitfalls. There is scarcity of studies focusing on myxoid emboli and their clinical and pathologic importance...
April 1, 2018: International Journal of Surgical Pathology
Hans-Henning Eckstein, Pavlos Tsantilas, Andreas Kühnl, Bernhard Haller, Thorben Breitkreuz, Alexander Zimmermann, Michael Kallmayer
BACKGROUND: Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) and carotid artery stenting (CAS) can be used to prevent stroke due to arteriosclerotic lesions of the carotid artery. In Germany, legally mandated quality assurance (QA) enables the evaluation of outcome quality after CEA and CAS performed under routine conditions. METHODS: We analyzed data on all elective CEA and CAS procedures performed over the periods 2009-2014 and 2012-2014, respectively. The endpoints of the study were the combined in-hospital stroke and death rate, stroke rate and mortality separately, local complications, and other complications...
October 27, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
Moritz Pettenkofer, Nicolas Feltgen, Nikolaus Feucht, Chris P Lohmann, Mathias M Maier
Retinal artery occlusion (RAO) should be evaluated as an emergency and can be seen as an ocular analogue to the cerebral apoplex. Both have the same arteriosclerotic risk factors, which are also responsible for cardiac, circulatory and cerebrovascular diseases. That is why an intensive interdisciplinary clarification is necessary to recognize possible comorbidities in time and, if necessary, to treat them. The current therapeutic possibilities of an acute RAO are very limited in their efficiency regarding visual improvement...
July 27, 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
Steven K Wilson, Cesar Mora-Estaves, Paulo Egydio, David Ralph, Mohamad Habous, Christopher Love, Ahmad Shamsodini, Robert Valenzuela, Faysal A Yafi
OBJECTIVE: To examine possible etiology and treatment outcomes in 21 patients with glans necrosis following penile prosthesis implantation. METHODS: Glans necrosis typically presented with a dusky glans on the first postoperative day following prosthesis implantation. RESULTS: The blood supply to the glans penis consists of the dorsal arteries and the terminal branches of the spongiosal arteries. Using the cohort in our study, we compiled preoperative comorbidities and adjunctive surgical maneuvers that might compromise glans vascularity, leading to glans necrosis...
June 23, 2017: Urology
Geoffrey W Peitz, Christopher A Sy, Ramesh Grandhi
Blister aneurysms are rare cerebrovascular lesions for which the treatment methods are reviewed here, with a focus on endovascular options. The reported pathogenesis of blister aneurysms varies, and hemodynamic stress, arterial dissection, and arteriosclerotic ulceration have all been described. There is consensus on the excessive fragility of blister aneurysms and their parent vessels, which makes clipping technically difficult. Open surgical treatment is associated with high rates of complications, morbidity, and mortality; endovascular treatment is a promising alternative...
June 2017: Neurosurgical Focus
Yue Liang, Hao Nie, Hualiang Ren, Fangda Li, Cui Tian, Huihua Li, Yuehong Zheng
Objective To investigated the changes of angiopoietin-like protein 2(Angptl2) in patients with arteriosclerotic occlusion (ASO). Methods A total of 140 subjects including 75 ASO patients (ASO group) and 65 healthy subjects (control group) were enrolled in this study. Angptl2 and adiponectin were evaluated by using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Biochemical data and high sensitive C reactive protein were measured and recorded as well. Results Compared to the control group,the ASO group presented with significantly higher level of plasma Angptl2 [(13...
April 20, 2017: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
Hironori Osamura, Tomoaki Shiba, Takashi Itokawa, Tadashi Matsumoto, Yuichi Hori
Purpose. To determine the correlations among the mean blur rate (MBR) in the optic nerve head (ONH) shown by laser speckle flowgraphy (LSFG), retinal arteriosclerosis, and the circulation time obtained by fluorescein angiography (FA). Method. We evaluated 118 patients and assessed their time of choroidal flush, arm-to-retina time, and early and late phases of retinal circulation time (RT: sec) obtained by FA. The severity of retinal arteriosclerosis was classified according to the Scheie classification. The MBR values throughout the ONH (MBR-A), in the tissue (MBR-T), and in the vessels (MBR-V) were analyzed...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
Takaaki Higashihara, Akira Okada, Taiko Kusano, Kazuyoshi Ishigaki, Akira Shimizu, Hideki Takano
BACKGROUND: A pathergy reaction is defined as a hyperreactivity of the skin in response to minimal trauma, which is important in the diagnosis of Behçet's disease (BD). However, a pathergy reaction may not be restricted to the skin, and little is known about whether an invasive medical procedure can induce the reaction. Here we present a pathergy reaction induced by renal biopsy, an invasive procedure. CASE PRESENTATION: A 46-year-old man who was diagnosed with IgA vasculitis (IgAV) at the age of 38 was treated with prednisolone and mizoribine...
January 28, 2017: BMC Nephrology
M Lisa Gracia, A Córdoba Alonso, J L Hernández Hernández, R Pérez Montes, J J Napal Lecumberri
OBJECTIVES: To analyse the importance of cardiovascular risk factors, ultrasound findings in the supra-aortic trunk and the presence of anticoagulated nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) in patients with retinal vein occlusion (RVO) and in a control group. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted of all patients with RVO consecutively referred to the office of internal medicine, comparing them with a control group. We analysed clinical, electrocardiographic and ultrasound variables...
May 2017: Revista Clínica Española
Yuta Hagiwara, Tomohide Yoshie, Takahiro Shimizu, Hana Ogura, Takayuki Fukano, Tatsuro Takada, Toshihiro Ueda, Yasuhiro Hasegawa
Contrast-enhanced transoral carotid ultrasonography (CETOCU) is a novel examination modality that is superior to other modalities in the cases of pseudo-occlusion with severe arteriosclerotic stenosis of the distal internal carotid artery (ICA), and is also useful for noninvasively evaluating changes over time in the vessel distal to the stent following carotid artery stenting (CAS). We report a case of a patient who we evaluated with CETOCU for a pseudo-occlusive ICA before and after CAS.
April 2017: Journal of Medical Ultrasonics
Hajime Miyazaki, Kanehisa Kohno, Hideo Tanaka, Shinya Fukumoto, Haruhisa Ichikawa, Shinji Onoue, Noriyuki Fumoto, Saya Ozaki, Toshiharu Maeda
We report a case of ruptured peripheral cerebral aneurysm at abnormal vessels associated with severe stenosis at the middle cerebral artery (MCA). A 66-year-old woman was admitted at our hospital with headache on foot. Computed tomography (CT) showed intracerebral hemorrhage in the left fronto-basal area. Three-dimensional-CT and conventional angiogram revealed abnormal vessels, which were similar to those seen in moyamoya disease, with a small enhancement close to the hematoma. On day 11, subsequent cerebral angiogram demonstrated an aneurysm at the peripheral portion of an abnormal vessel arising from the left A2...
April 2016: No Shinkei Geka. Neurological Surgery
Haobo Su, Wensheng Lou, Jianping Gu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility of parametric color coding of digital subtraction angiography (Syngo iFlow) for hemodynamics assessment in patients with critical limb ischemia in pre- and post-endovascular therapy. To explore the correlation between Syngo iFlow and the conventional techniques. METHODS: from January 2013 to December 2014, Clinical data of 21 patients with TASC II type B and type C femoropopliteal arteriosclerotic occlusive disease who were treated by percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and/or primary stent implantation in Nanjing first hospital were analyzed retrospectively...
October 6, 2015: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Zhe Zhang, Xueming Chen, Chenyu Li, Hai Feng, Hongzhi Yu, Renming Zhu, Zhimin Cai
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) can promote endothelialization, inhibit vascular intimal hyperplasia, and improve long-term patency rate by the treatment of rhGH after vascular prostheses bypass. METHODS: Between August 2007 and January 2009, 94 patients with lower extremity arteriosclerotic occlusive disease were treated. Among them, 32 patients (34 limbs) who met the selection criteria were enrolled in this study. All cases were randomly divided into study group (16 cases, 18 limbs) and control group (16 cases, 16 limbs)...
June 2015: Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery
Tomoki Shibano, Shunsuke Endo, Kenji Tetsuka, Tsutomu Saito, Nobuyuki Kanai, Takashi Yashiro
Aberrant pulmonary artery exposed by high-blood pressure over a long period in adult-type pulmonary sequestration can be susceptible to arteriosclerotic change and aneurysmal formation. Dividing this aneurysmal artery has a risk of stump leakage and aneurysm. We herein report a 64-year-old man with an aberrant aneurysm of intralobar pulmonary sequestration. Thoracoscopic resection of the sequestrated lung was performed uneventfully by prior endovascular occlusion of the aberrant aneurysm.
March 2015: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Samuel A Käser, Tara C Müller, Anna Guggemos, Ulrich Nitsche, Christoph Späth, Christoph A Maurer, Klaus-Peter Janssen, Jörg Kleeff, Helmut Friess, Dirk Wilhelm, Franz G Bader
BACKGROUND: The predilection site of non-occlusive mesenteric ischemia is the right-sided colon. Surgical exploration followed by segmental bowel resection and primary anastomosis or ileostomy is recommended, if vascular interventions are not feasible and conservative treatment fails. We assessed the outcome of patients in this life-threatening condition. METHODS: From a prospective database 58 patients with urgent surgery for acute right-sided colonic ischemia without feasible vascular intervention (as a surrogate for non-occlusive mesenteric ischemia) were identified...
March 21, 2015: BMC Surgery
Jens Ehrhardt, Matthias Schwab, Sigrid Finn, Albrecht Guenther, Torsten Schultze, Otto W Witte, Sven Rupprecht
BACKGROUND: Carotid arteriosclerosis and sleep apnea are considered as independent risk factors for stroke. Whether sleep apnea mediates severity of carotid stenosis remains unclear. Sleep apnea comprises two pathophysiologic conditions: OSA and central sleep apnea (CSA). Although OSA results from upper airway occlusion, CSA reflects enhanced ventilatory drive mainly due to carotid chemoreceptor dysfunction. METHODS: Ninety-six patients with asymptomatic extracranial carotid stenosis of ≥ 50% underwent polysomnography to (1) determine prevalence and severity of sleep apnea for different degrees of carotid stenosis and (2) analyze associations between OSA and CSA, carotid stenosis severity, and other arteriosclerotic risk factors...
April 2015: Chest
Rupert H Portugaller, Peter I Kalmar, Hannes Deutschmann
In dialysis access fistulas and grafts, percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) is frequently followed by restenosis development, which results in repeated periodical re-interventions. The technique of drug-eluting balloon (DEB) angioplasty has shown promising results in the treatment of femoropopliteal arteriosclerotic lesions. In contrast to arteriosclerotic arteries, dialysis access vessels host unfavorable hemodynamics due to the direct conduction of high-pressure fluid into a low-pressure system. Hence, the beneficial effect of DEB angioplasty may be limited in this system...
November 2014: Journal of Vascular Access
C Leisser
INTRODUCTION: Retinal artery occlusion (RAO) and non-arteritic anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy (NAION) cause painless vision deterioration and visual field defects. Associations with arteriosclerotic risk factors, hyperhomocysteinaemia, hyperfibrinogenaemia and plaques of the internal carotid artery are well kown. Results of transoesophageal echocardiography with respect to plaques in the aortic arch and duplex sonography of the internal carotid artery were evaluated and a statistical analysis was performed...
November 2014: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
Xinrui Yang, Xinwu Lu, Kaichuang Ye, Jinbao Qin, Lijia Huang, Zhiyou Peng, Fukang Yuan, Mi'er Jiang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical value of primary stenting for treating peripheral arterial diseases in below-the-knee arteries by comparing to percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA). METHODS: PubMed, ScienceDirect, Embase, and CBM databases were searched for relevant articles. Based on the different types of stents, we divided the primary stent group into the bare metal stent(BMS) group and drug-eluting stent(DES) group. The outcome measures were immediate technical success, freedom from target vessel revascularization (TVR-free) rate and limb salvage...
March 25, 2014: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
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