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intrapartum assessment of labor

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303340/the-influence-of-the-systematic-birth-preparation-program-on-childbirth-satisfaction
#1
Aysu Akca, Aytul Corbacioglu Esmer, Eser Sefik Ozyurek, Arife Aydin, Nazli Korkmaz, Husnu Gorgen, Ozgur Akbayir
PURPOSE: The primary purpose of this study was to assess the influence of a systematic multidisciplinary birth preparation program on satisfaction with childbirth experience. A secondary aim was to detect factors that affect the childbirth satisfaction. METHODS: In this prospective study, 77 pregnant women who completed the 4-month birth preparation program (Group 1) and 75 women in the control group (Group 2) were asked to fill out two questionnaires with face-to-face interviews within 48 h after labor...
March 16, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277391/the-effects-of-intrapartum-supportive-care-on-fear-of-delivery-and-labor-outcomes-a-single-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Gözde Gökçe İsbir, Pinar Serçekuş
BACKGROUND: Supportive care during labor, the primary role of intrapartum nurses and midwives, provides comfort to prepartum women and helps facilitate a positive labor experience. It has been argued that supportive care during labor reduces fear and anxiety as well as the resultant side effects. However, evidence supporting this argument is insufficient. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess the effects of intrapartum supportive care on fear of delivery and on the key parameters of the labor process...
April 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222431/the-routine-use-of-intrapartum-ultrasound-in-clinical-decision-making-during-the-second-stage-of-labor-does-it-have-any-impact-on-delivery-outcomes
#3
Oren Barak, Roni Levy, Orna Flidel, Svetlana Zaks, Moshe Gillor, Zion Hagay, Edi Vaisbuch
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The study aimed to assess whether the use of intrapartum transperineal ultrasound (US) can reduce the rate of failed vacuum extraction (VE). METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study including all women delivering at term with the diagnosis of protracted second stage of labor. The mode of delivery and rate of failed VE were compared between women who underwent a US examination prior to the decision on obstetrical interventions ("+US" group) and those in whom clinical decisions were based upon digital assessment only ("no-US" group)...
February 22, 2017: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216060/incidence-of-fever-in-labor-and-risk-of-neonatal-sepsis
#4
Angela Yates, Craig V Towers, Nikki Zite, Casey Smith, Lindsey Chernicky, Bobby Howard
BACKGROUND: The current recommendation regarding the management of a term newborn delivered of a mother with an intrapartum fever or a diagnosis of clinical chorioamnionitis is that the neonate should have baseline laboratory work drawn along with blood cultures and be universally treated with antibiotics until culture results return. These guidelines report that the rate of intrapartum fever is about 3%; however, a few large studies suggest that the rate is higher at about 7%. OBJECTIVE: We sought to prospectively evaluate the rate of fever during labor in a large number of deliveries and determine the rate of early-onset neonatal sepsis in newborns delivered from mothers with an intrapartum fever compared with newborns delivered from mothers without intrapartum fever...
February 16, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164285/antepartum-or-intrapartum-deinfibulation-for-childbirth-in-women-with-type-iii-female-genital-mutilation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Ekpereonne Esu, Atim Udo, Babasola O Okusanya, David Agamse, Martin M Meremikwu
BACKGROUND: There remains no consensus on the best timing of deinfibulation in women with type III female genital mutilation (FGM). OBJECTIVES: To conduct a systematic review of the effects of antepartum or intrapartum deinfibulation on childbirth outcomes in women with type III FGM. SEARCH STRATEGY: The following major databases were searched: Cochrane Central Register for Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, Scopus, Web of Science, and ClinicalTrials...
February 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121831/committee-opinion-no-687-approaches-to-limit-intervention-during-labor-and-birth
#6
(no author information available yet)
Obstetrician-gynecologists, in collaboration with midwives, nurses, patients, and those who support them in labor, can help women meet their goals for labor and birth by using techniques that are associated with minimal interventions and high rates of patient satisfaction. Many common obstetric practices are of limited or uncertain benefit for low-risk women in spontaneous labor. For women who are in latent labor and are not admitted, a process of shared decision making is recommended. Admission during the latent phase of labor may be necessary for a variety of reasons...
February 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121830/committee-opinion-no-687-summary-approaches-to-limit-intervention-during-labor-and-birth
#7
(no author information available yet)
Obstetrician-gynecologists, in collaboration with midwives, nurses, patients, and those who support them in labor, can help women meet their goals for labor and birth by using techniques that are associated with minimal interventions and high rates of patient satisfaction. Many common obstetric practices are of limited or uncertain benefit for low-risk women in spontaneous labor. For women who are in latent labor and are not admitted, a process of shared decision making is recommended. Admission during the latent phase of labor may be necessary for a variety of reasons...
February 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072678/pain-anxiety-and-fatigue-during-labor-a-prospective-repeated-measures-study
#8
Ya-Ling Tzeng, Ya-Ling Yang, Pi-Chao Kuo, Ya-Chuan Lin, Shu-Ling Chen
BACKGROUND: Pain, anxiety, and fatigue are known to significantly influence labor; however, the interacting relationships among the three symptoms have not been empirically shown. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the interrelationships among intrapartum pain, anxiety, and fatigue relative to the mode of delivery, with or without epidural analgesia (EDA). METHODS: A prospective, repeated measures design was adopted, and women with uncomplicated pregnancies at term (N = 186) were enrolled...
February 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056853/maternal-asian-ethnicity-and-obstetric-intrapartum-intervention-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#9
Maya Reddy, Euan M Wallace, Joanne C Mockler, Lynne Stewart, Michelle Knight, Ryan Hodges, Sasha Skinner, Miranda Davies-Tuck
BACKGROUND: Maternal ethnicity is a recognized risk factor for stillbirth, such that South Asian women have higher rates than their Caucasian counterparts. However, whether maternal ethnicity is a risk factor for intrapartum outcomes is less clear. The aim of this study is to explore associations between maternal country of birth, operative vaginal delivery and emergency cesarean section, and to identify possible mechanisms underlying any such associations. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of singleton term births among South Asian, South East/East Asian and Australian/New Zealand born women at an Australian tertiary hospital in 2009-2013...
January 5, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926647/central-fetal-monitoring-with-and-without-computer-analysis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Inês Nunes, Diogo Ayres-de-Campos, Austin Ugwumadu, Pina Amin, Philip Banfield, Antony Nicoll, Simon Cunningham, Paulo Sousa, Cristina Costa-Santos, João Bernardes
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether intrapartum fetal monitoring with computer analysis and real-time alerts decreases the rate of newborn metabolic acidosis or obstetric intervention when compared with visual analysis. METHODS: A randomized clinical trial carried out in five hospitals in the United Kingdom evaluated women with singleton, vertex fetuses of 36 weeks of gestation or greater during labor. Continuous central fetal monitoring by computer analysis and online alerts (experimental arm) was compared with visual analysis (control arm)...
January 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886948/variation-in-hospital-intrapartum-practices-and-association-with-cesarean-rate
#11
Lisbet S Lundsberg, Jessica L Illuzzi, Aileen M Gariepy, Sangini S Sheth, Christian M Pettker, Henry C Lee, Heather S Lipkind, Xiao Xu
OBJECTIVE: To examine hospital variation in intrapartum care and its relationship with cesarean rates. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Connecticut and Massachusetts hospitals providing obstetric services. PARTICIPANTS: Nurse managers or other clinical staff knowledgeable about intrapartum care. METHODS: We assessed labor and delivery unit capacity and staffing, fetal monitoring, labor management, intrapartum interventions, newborn care, quality assurance, and performance review practices...
January 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27577266/measuring-progress-in-maternal-and-newborn-health-care-in-mexico-validating-indicators-of-health-system-contact-and-quality-of-care
#12
Ann K Blanc, Claudia Diaz, Katharine J McCarthy, Karla Berdichevsky
BACKGROUND: The majority of births in Mexico take place in a health facility and are attended by a skilled birth attendant, yet maternal mortality has not declined to anticipated levels. Coverage estimates of skilled attendance and other maternal and newborn interventions often rely on women's self-report through a population-based survey, the accuracy of which is not well established. METHODS: We used a facility-based design to validate women's report of skilled birth attendance, as well as other key elements of maternal, newborn intrapartum, and immediate postnatal care...
August 30, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27566218/interobserver-agreement-in-ctg-interpretation-using-the-2015-figo-guidelines-for-intrapartum-fetal-monitoring
#13
Mariana Rei, Sara Tavares, Pedro Pinto, Ana P Machado, Sofia Monteiro, Antónia Costa, Cristina Costa-Santos, João Bernardes, Diogo Ayres-De-Campos
BACKGROUND: Visual analysis of cardiotocographic (CTG) tracings has been shown to be prone to poor intra- and interobserver agreement when several interpretation guidelines are used, and this may have an important impact on the technology's performance. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate agreement in CTG interpretation using the new 2015 FIGO guidelines on intrapartum fetal monitoring. STUDY DESIGN: A pre-existing database of intrapartum CTG tracings was used to sequentially select 151 cases acquired with a fetal electrode, with duration exceeding 60minutes, and signal loss less than 15%...
October 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27542350/inadequate-fetal-heart-rate-monitoring-and-poor-use-of-partogram-associated-with-intrapartum-stillbirth-a-case-referent-study-in-nepal
#14
Ashish Kc, Johan Wrammert, Robert B Clark, Uwe Ewald, Mats Målqvist
BACKGROUND: Newborns are at the greatest risk for dying during the intrapartum period, including labor and delivery, and the first day of life. Fetal heart rate monitoring (FHRM) and partogram use to track labor progress are evidence-based techniques that can help to identify maternal and fetal risk factors so that these can be addressed early. The objective of this study was to assess health worker adherence to protocols for FHRM and partogram use during the intrapartum period, and to assess the association between adherence and intrapartum stillbirth in a tertiary hospital of Nepal...
2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27418223/evaluation-of-selected-ultrasonography-parameters-in-the-second-stage-of-labor-in-prediction-mode-of-delivery
#15
Magdalena Ciaciura-Jarno, Wojciech Cnota, Dominik Wójtowicz, Anna Niesłuchowska-Hoxha, Aleksandra Ruci, Rafał Kierach, Aleksandra Stępień, Agnieszka Nowak, Patrycja Sodowska
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study is to determine the usefulness of ultrasound parameters in the second stage of labor in prediction of the method of delivery and to evaluate the benefits to be derived from this study. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Ultrasound scan was performed with Convex transabdominal probe on 68 pregnant women in labor at term with fetuses in cephalic presentation at the beginning of the second stage of labor and parameters such as angle of progression, head progression distance, head-symphysis distance and head-perineum distance were measured...
2016: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27354803/investigating-analgesic-and-psychological-factors-associated-with-risk-of-postpartum-depression-development-a-case-control-study
#16
Thangavelautham Suhitharan, Thi Phuong Tu Pham, Helen Chen, Pryseley Nkouibert Assam, Rehena Sultana, Nian-Lin Reena Han, Ene-Choo Tan, Ban Leong Sng
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the role of peripartum analgesic and psychological factors that may be related to postpartum depression (PPD). METHODS: This case-control study was conducted in pregnant females who delivered at KK Women's and Children's Hospital from November 2010 to October 2013 and had postpartum psychological assessment. Demographic, medical, and postpartum psychological status assessments, intrapartum data including method of induction of labor, mode of labor analgesia, duration of first and second stages of labor, mode of delivery, and pain intensity on hospital admission and after delivery were collected...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27316335/evaluation-of-satisfaction-with-care-in-a-midwifery-unit-and-an-obstetric-unit-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-low-risk-women
#17
Stine Bernitz, Pål Øian, Leiv Sandvik, Ellen Blix
BACKGROUND: Satisfaction with birth care is part of quality assessment of care. The aim of this study was to investigate possible differences in satisfaction with intrapartum care among low-risk women, randomized to a midwifery unit or to an obstetric unit within the same hospital. METHODS: Randomized controlled trial conducted at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Østfold Hospital Trust, Norway. A total of 485 women with no expressed preference for level of birth care, assessed to be at low-risk at onset of spontaneous labor were included...
June 18, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27180627/planned-vaginal-delivery-versus-planned-cesarean-delivery-in-cases-of-low-lying-placenta
#18
Atsuko Taga, Yukiyasu Sato, Chieko Sakae, Yumiko Satake, Ikuko Emoto, Shunsuke Maruyama, Hiroko Mise, Tomoko Kim
OBJECTIVE: To assess the applicability of trial of labor in cases of low-lying placenta. METHODS: In this observational cohort study, we collected data from the women with low-lying placenta delivered at our hospital between April 2012 and December 2015. Low-lying placenta was diagnosed when the length from the placental lowest edge to the internal cervical os (placenta-os distance) was 0-20 mm at 36 gestational weeks. Planned mode of delivery for each case was determined by patient's preference...
March 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27121239/labor-epidural-analgesia-and-breastfeeding-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Cynthia A French, Xiaomei Cong, Keun Sam Chung
Despite widespread use of epidural analgesia during labor, no consensus has been reached among obstetric and anesthesia providers regarding its effects on breastfeeding. The purpose of this review was to examine the relationship between labor epidural analgesia and breastfeeding in the immediate postpartum period. PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature were searched for articles published in 1990 or thereafter, using the search term breastfeeding combined with epidural, labor epidural analgesia, labor analgesia, or epidural analgesia Of 117 articles, 23 described empirical studies specific to labor epidural analgesia and measured a breastfeeding outcome...
August 2016: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26948718/sonographic-assessment-of-fetal-occiput-position-during-labor-for-the-prediction-of-labor-dystocia-and-perinatal-outcomes
#20
Sae Kyung Choi, Yong Gyu Park, Da Hye Lee, Hyun Sun Ko, In Yang Park, Jong Chul Shin
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of the occiput posterior (OP) position on dystocia and perinatal outcomes. METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study of 162 primiparous women. We performed intrapartum sonography, and fetal occiput positions were recorded. The relationships between the position of the occiput and the course of labor and perinatal outcomes were investigated. Statistical analysis was performed using SAS 9.2. RESULTS: Fifty-six of 162 fetuses were found to be in the OP position during the first stage of labor...
December 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
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