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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753112/patients-with-chronic-spinal-pain-benefit-from-pain-neuroscience-education-regardless-the-self-reported-signs-of-central-sensitization-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomized-controlled-multicentre-trial
#1
Anneleen Malfliet, Jeroen Kregel, Mira Meeus, Lieven Danneels, Barbara Cagnie, Nathalie Roussel, Jo Nijs
BACKGROUND: Pain neuroscience education is effective in chronic pain management. Central sensitization (i.e. generalized hypersensitivity) is often explained as underlying mechanism for chronic pain, because of its clinical relevance and influence on pain severity, prognosis, and treatment outcome. OBJECTIVES: To examine whether patients with more or fewer symptoms of central sensitization respond differently to pain neuroscience education. DESIGN: A secondary analysis of a multicentre, triple-blind randomized controlled trial SETTING: University hospital Ghent and University Hospital Brussels, Belgium...
May 9, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750679/reflections-on-50-years-of-neuroscience-nursing-the-growth-of-stroke-nursing
#2
Nancy Jackson, Elaine Haxton, Kathy Morrison, Erin Markey, Linda J Andreoli, Theresa Maloney, Nataliya Omelchenko, Amanda Aroose, Lynn B Stevens
Over the past 50 years, the Journal of Neuroscience Nursing (JNN) has grown from a neurosurgical focus to the broader neuroscience focus alongside the professional nursing organization that it supports. Stroke care in JNN focused on the surgical treatment and nursing care for cranial treatment of conditions such as cerebral aneurysm, carotid disease, arteriovenous malformation, and artery bypass procedures. As medical science has grown and new medications and treatment modalities have been successfully trialed, JNN has brought to its readership this information about recombinant tissue plasminogen activator, endovascular trials, and new assessment tools such as the National Institute of Health Stroke Scale...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739735/effectiveness-of-a-blended-multidisciplinary-intervention-for-patients-with-moderate-medically-unexplained-physical-symptoms-parasol-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-clinical-trial
#3
Paula Elisabeth van Westrienen, Martijn F Pisters, Suze Aj Toonders, Marloes Gerrits, Cindy Veenhof, Niek J de Wit
BACKGROUND: Medically unexplained physical symptoms are an important health problem in primary care, with a spectrum from mild to chronic. The burden of chronic medically unexplained physical symptoms is substantial for patients, health care professionals, and society. Therefore, early identification of patients with moderate medically unexplained physical symptoms is needed in order to prevent chronicity. The preventive screening of medically unexplained physical symptoms (PRESUME) screening method was developed using data from the electronic medical record of the patients' general practitioner and demonstrated its prognostic accuracy to identify patients with moderate medically unexplained physical symptoms...
May 8, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720792/preventing-neurophobia-remodeling-neurology-education-for-21-st-century-medical-students-through-effective-pedagogical-strategies-for-neurophilia
#4
REVIEW
Bhaskara P Shelley, Thomas V Chacko, Balakrishnan R Nair
Neurology has a reputation, particularly as a complex "head-to-toe" discipline for undergraduate medical students. Neurophobia syndrome, a global phenomenon, fundamentally stems from pedagogical deficiencies during the undergraduate curriculum, the lack of vertical integration between basic neurosciences and clinical bedside neurology, the lack of clinical reasoning exercises, cognitive heuristics, and clinical problem-solving, errors in diagnostic competence, and hyposkilia. This ultimately results in poor clinical competence and proficiency in clinical neurology and causes attrition in nurturing a passion for learning the neurology discipline...
January 2018: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717896/the-importance-of-food-nutrition-and-physical-activity-in-cancer-prevention-an-interview-with-dr-kate-allen
#5
Kate Allen
Kate Allen speaks to Roshaine Wijayatunga, Managing Commissioning Editor. Dr Kate Allen works as an Executive Director in Science and Public Affairs at World Cancer Research Fund International ( http://wcrf.org ), an NGO and leading authority in the field of cancer prevention through diet, weight and physical activity. Kate is responsible for the organization's scientific, policy and conference programs in the areas of food, nutrition, physical activity and weight management. An important aspect of her role is helping to create collaborative relationships and activities across the WCRF national charities (in Europe, America and Asia) in these areas, as well as maintaining and creating external partnerships...
May 2, 2018: Future Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713272/credibility-replicability-and-reproducibility-in-simulation-for-biomedicine-and-clinical-applications-in-neuroscience
#6
REVIEW
Lealem Mulugeta, Andrew Drach, Ahmet Erdemir, C A Hunt, Marc Horner, Joy P Ku, Jerry G Myers, Rajanikanth Vadigepalli, William W Lytton
Modeling and simulation in computational neuroscience is currently a research enterprise to better understand neural systems. It is not yet directly applicable to the problems of patients with brain disease. To be used for clinical applications, there must not only be considerable progress in the field but also a concerted effort to use best practices in order to demonstrate model credibility to regulatory bodies, to clinics and hospitals, to doctors, and to patients. In doing this for neuroscience, we can learn lessons from long-standing practices in other areas of simulation (aircraft, computer chips), from software engineering, and from other biomedical disciplines...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710099/effect-of-pain-neuroscience-education-combined-with-cognition-targeted-motor-control-training-on-chronic-spinal-pain-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#7
Anneleen Malfliet, Jeroen Kregel, Iris Coppieters, Robby De Pauw, Mira Meeus, Nathalie Roussel, Barbara Cagnie, Lieven Danneels, Jo Nijs
Importance: Effective treatments for chronic spinal pain are essential to reduce the related high personal and socioeconomic costs. Objective: To compare pain neuroscience education combined with cognition-targeted motor control training with current best-evidence physiotherapy for reducing pain and improving functionality, gray matter morphologic features, and pain cognitions in individuals with chronic spinal pain. Design, Setting, and Participants: Multicenter randomized clinical trial conducted from January 1, 2014, to January 30, 2017, among 120 patients with chronic nonspecific spinal pain in 2 outpatient hospitals with follow-up at 3, 6, and 12 months...
April 16, 2018: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691944/developmental-performance-of-5-year-old-bulgarian-children-an-example-of-translational-neuroscience-in-practice
#8
Ralitsa Yordanova, Ivan Ivanov
RATIONALE, AIMS, AND OBJECTIVES: Developmental testing is essential for early recognition of the various developmental impairments. The tools used should be composed of items that are age specific, adapted, and standardized for the population they are applied to. The achievements of neurosciences, medicine, psychology, pedagogy, etc. are applied in the elaboration of a comprehensive examination tool that should screen all major areas of development. The key age of 5 years permits identification of almost all major developmental disabilities leaving time for therapeutic intervention before school entrance...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687938/trait-and-state-biomarkers-for-psychiatric-disorders-importance-of-infrastructure-to-bridge-the-gap-between-basic-and-clinical-research-and-industry
#9
Yukiko Y Lema, Nao J Gamo, Kun Yang, Koko Ishizuka
To further improve clinical activities in psychiatry by early diagnosis and early intervention with novel mechanism-guided treatments, there is a great need for biomarkers that reflect "trait" and "state" in major mental disorders. Stable trait biomarkers would allow early diagnosis, prognosis, and hopefully early intervention in these disorders, while dynamic state markers that reflect symptomatic changes would help to develop treatments that target these molecular mechanisms. However, in the search for such biomarkers, and eventually translating them to the clinic and industry, challenges currently exist at multiple levels, from basic scientific understanding, patient sample collection, and sample and data management, to bridging the gap between basic and clinical research and industry...
April 24, 2018: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672597/naturalistic-music-and-dance-cortical-phase-synchrony-in-musicians-and-dancers
#10
Hanna Poikonen, Petri Toiviainen, Mari Tervaniemi
Expertise in music has been investigated for decades and the results have been applied not only in composition, performance and music education, but also in understanding brain plasticity in a larger context. Several studies have revealed a strong connection between auditory and motor processes and listening to and performing music, and music imagination. Recently, as a logical next step in music and movement, the cognitive and affective neurosciences have been directed towards expertise in dance. To understand the versatile and overlapping processes during artistic stimuli, such as music and dance, it is necessary to study them with continuous naturalistic stimuli...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669079/blended-learning-pain-neuroscience-education-for-people-with-chronic-spinal-pain-randomized-controlled-multicenter-trial
#11
Anneleen Malfliet, Jeroen Kregel, Mira Meeus, Nathalie Roussel, Lieven Danneels, Barbara Cagnie, Mieke Dolphens, Jo Nijs
Background: Available evidence favors the use of pain neuroscience education (PNE) in patients with chronic pain. However, PNE trials are often limited to small sample sizes and, despite the current digital era, the effects of blended-learning PNE (ie, the combination of online digital media with traditional educational methods) have not yet been investigated. Objective: The study objective was to examine whether blended-learning PNE is able to improve disability, catastrophizing, kinesiophobia, and illness perceptions...
May 1, 2018: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666589/applications-of-functional-near-infrared-spectroscopy-fnirs-in-studying-cognitive-development-the-case-of-mathematics-and-language
#12
REVIEW
Mojtaba Soltanlou, Maria A Sitnikova, Hans-Christoph Nuerk, Thomas Dresler
In this review, we aim to highlight the application of functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) as a useful neuroimaging technique for the investigation of cognitive development. We focus on brain activation changes during the development of mathematics and language skills in schoolchildren. We discuss how technical limitations of common neuroimaging techniques such as functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) have resulted in our limited understanding of neural changes during development, while fNIRS would be a suitable and child-friendly method to examine cognitive development...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660551/photogrammetry-of-the-human-brain-a-novel-method-for-3d-the-quantitative-exploration-of-the-structural-connectivity-in-neurosurgery-and-neurosciences
#13
Alessandro De Benedictis, Erica Nocerino, Fabio Menna, Fabio Remondino, Mattia Barbareschi, Umberto Rozzanigo, Francesco Corsini, Emanuele Olivetti, Carlo Efisio Marras, Franco Chioffi, Paolo Avesani, Silvio Sarubbo
BACKGROUND: Anatomical awareness of brain's structural connectivity is mandatory for neurosurgeons, to select the most effective approaches for brain resections. Although standard micro-dissection is a validated technique to investigate the different white matter (WM) pathways and to verify results coming from tractography, the possibility of an interactive exploration of the specimens and of a reliable acquisition of quantitative information has not been described so far. Photogrammetry is a well-established technique allowing an accurate metrology on highly defined 3D-models...
April 13, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623154/choosing-wisely-together-physical-and-occupational-therapy-consultation-for-acute-neurology-inpatients
#14
John C Probasco, Annette Lavezza, Andre Cassell, Tenise Shakes, Angie Feurer, Holly Russell, Hilary Sporney, Margie Burnett, Chepkorir Maritim, Victor Urrutia, H Adrian Puttgen, Michael Friedman, Erik H Hoyer
Background: Although many hospitalized neuroscience patients have physical and occupational therapy (rehabilitation) needs, patients with none or minimal physical impairments frequently receive rehabilitation consultation, diverting from patients with greatest need. Methods: A multidisciplinary team on the general and cerebrovascular neurology acute inpatient services mapped the rehabilitation consultation process, resulting in multiple implemented interventions including physician education on appropriate acute rehabilitation consultations, modification of multidisciplinary rounds, and discussion of patient rehabilitation needs throughout hospitalization...
April 2018: Neurohospitalist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609894/interpreting-and-utilising-intersubject-variability-in-brain-function
#15
REVIEW
Mohamed L Seghier, Cathy J Price
We consider between-subject variance in brain function as data rather than noise. We describe variability as a natural output of a noisy plastic system (the brain) where each subject embodies a particular parameterisation of that system. In this context, variability becomes an opportunity to: (i) better characterise typical versus atypical brain functions; (ii) reveal the different cognitive strategies and processing networks that can sustain similar tasks; and (iii) predict recovery capacity after brain damage by taking into account both damaged and spared processing pathways...
March 30, 2018: Trends in Cognitive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601227/the-use-of-pain-neuroscience-education-in-older-adults-with-chronic-back-and-or-lower-extremity-pain
#16
Adam Rufa, Katherine Beissner, Michelle Dolphin
INTRODUCTION: Chronic pain due to musculoskeletal disorders is the leading cause of disability among older adults and is associated with a lower quality of life, reduced function, and increased risk of institutionalization. Pain Neuroscience Education (PNE) has demonstrated effectiveness in reducing pain and improving pain self-efficacy in individuals under 60 years of age, but there is a paucity of research examining its use with older adults. If PNE has similar effects in older adults, it has the potential to be a useful non-pharmacological intervention for this population...
March 30, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590280/the-emerging-clinical-neuroscience-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-review
#17
Rebecca A Muhle, Hannah E Reed, Katharine A Stratigos, Jeremy Veenstra-VanderWeele
Importance: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a highly prevalent disorder, and community psychiatrists are likely to treat many individuals with ASD during their clinical practice. This clinical case challenge describes a routine evaluation of irritability and self-injury in a preschool-aged child who meets the criteria for ASD. The case also illustrates the importance of known risk factors for ASD, such as chromosomal deletion and prematurity. This clinical neuroscience article seeks to educate the clinician of current avenues of research that can inform and may already affect clinical practice for this patient, while providing a preview of research that may yield biological treatments for ASD within the next decade...
March 28, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589782/immediate-preoperative-outcomes-of-pain-neuroscience-education-for-patients-undergoing-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-case-series
#18
Adriaan Louw, Kory Zimney, Jordan Reed, Merrill Landers, Emilio J Puentedura
BACKGROUND: Standard preoperative education for total knee arthroplasty (TKA) has been shown to have no effect on postoperative outcomes. This may be because such education programs fail to educate patients about pain. Pain neuroscience education (PNE) focuses on teaching people more about pain from a neurobiological and neurophysiological perspective. DESIGN AND SETTING: Case Series. AIM: To determine the immediate effects, if any, of providing PNE before TKA surgery on patient self-report measures...
March 28, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578649/assessing-the-impact-of-the-graduate-certificate-in-anatomical-sciences-instruction-a-post-degree-survey
#19
April Richardson-Hatcher, Brian MacPherson, Douglas Gould, Jennifer Brueckner-Collins
There are few graduate programs available for pursuing a doctorate in anatomy where students gain specific training in gross anatomy dissection and the responsibilities of a medical educator. In light of this fact, the University of Kentucky created a Graduate Certificate in Anatomical Sciences Instruction in 2006. This 12-credit hour curriculum includes detailed training in gross anatomy and/or neuroscience courses, practicum experiences, a seminar class in pedagogical literature, and a course in educational strategies for the anatomical sciences...
March 26, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550259/development-and-feasibility-testing-of-a-pain-neuroscience-education-program-for-children-with-chronic-pain-treatment-protocol
#20
Roselien Pas, Mira Meeus, Anneleen Malfliet, Isabel Baert, Sophie Van Oosterwijck, Laurence Leysen, Jo Nijs, Kelly Ickmans
BACKGROUND: Current treatment for adults with chronic pain often includes Pain Neuroscience Education (PNE) to make people understand the nature underlying their pain and thus provides a clear rational for a biopsychosocial approach. Despite recommendations to use Pain Neuroscience Education as well in children with chronic pain, a specific program, tailored to children aged 6-12 years is lacking. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to develop a Pain Neuroscience Education program for children with chronic pain and test its feasibility...
March 4, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
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