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growing a healthier heart

Linda Van Horn, Eileen Vincent, Amanda M Perak
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The goals of this paper are to review current literature regarding maternal-fetal-pediatric diet and nutritional factors related to preserving cardiovascular health in the very young child and the emerging data implicating nutritional influences on neurodevelopmental factors. Questions related to maternal diet and influences of human milk on child's growth, neurodevelopment, and risk of developing obesity were addressed. RECENT FINDINGS: The majority of US women in their reproductive years have overweight or obese status thereby increasing the risk of developing obesity in their children...
April 25, 2018: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
Ian J Neeland, Paul Poirier, Jean-Pierre Després
The prevalence of obesity has increased globally over the last 2 decades. Although the body mass index has been a convenient and simple index of obesity at the population level, studies have shown that obesity defined by body mass index alone is a remarkably heterogeneous condition with varying cardiovascular and metabolic manifestations across individuals. Adipose tissue is an exquisitely active metabolic organ engaged in cross-talk between various systems; perturbation of adipose tissue results in a pathological response to positive caloric balance in susceptible individuals that directly and indirectly contributes to cardiovascular and metabolic disease...
March 27, 2018: Circulation
E Ginter, V Simko
Various margarines containing trans-fatty acids were marketed as being healthier because of the absence of cholesterol, suggesting to use margarine instead of butter. Fifteen years ago, research documented the grave health risk of trans-fats (T-fat). US FDA in 2015 finalized its decision that T-fat is not safe and set a three-year time limit for complete removal of T-fat from all foods. The greatest danger from T-fat lies in its capacity to distort the cell membranes. The primary health risk identified for T-fat consumption is an elevated risk of coronary heart disease...
2016: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
Craig A Anderson, Leonard Berkowitz, Edward Donnerstein, L Rowell Huesmann, James D Johnson, Daniel Linz, Neil M Malamuth, Ellen Wartella
Research on violent television and films, video games, and music reveals unequivocal evidence that media violence increases the likelihood of aggressive and violent behavior in both immediate and long-term contexts. The effects appear larger for milder than for more severe forms of aggression, but the effects on severe forms of violence are also substantial (r = .13 to .32) when compared with effects of other violence risk factors or medical effects deemed important by the medical community (e.g., effect of aspirin on heart attacks)...
December 2003: Psychological Science in the Public Interest: a Journal of the American Psychological Society
Abraham Samuel Babu, Sundar Kumar Veluswamy, Ross Arena, Marco Guazzi, Carl J Lavie
Emphasis on diet to improve the cardiovascular (CV) risk profile has been the focus of many studies. Recently, virgin coconut oil (VCO) has been growing in popularity due to its potential CV benefits. The chemical properties and the manufacturing process of VCO make this oil healthier than its copra-derived counterpart. This review highlights the mechanism through which saturated fatty acids contribute to CV disease (CVD), how oils and fats contribute to the risk of CVD, and the existing views on VCO and how its cardioprotective effects may make this a possible dietary intervention in isolation or in combination with exercise to help reduce the burden of CVDs...
November 2014: Postgraduate Medicine
Marla Salmon, David Williams, Kyu Rhee
Integration of the basic and clinical sciences has been at the heart of medical education reform efforts for nearly a century. Neither the rate nor magnitude of actual progress suggests that reform is anywhere near completion, which presents a challenge to educators to seek ways to overcome significant obstacles to change. Robin Hopkins and colleagues, authors of the Perspective in this issue of Academic Medicine that has prompted this invited Commentary, are among those proposing interesting and useful answers to why integration has not been better achieved...
February 2015: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Jennifer A Ailshire, Hiram Beltrán-Sánchez, Eileen M Crimmins
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the health and functioning of individuals who become centenarians in the years prior to reaching age 100. We examined long-term trajectories of disease, disability, and cognitive function in a sample of U.S. centenarians to determine how their aging experience differs from their nonsurviving cohort counterparts, and if there is heterogeneity in the aging experience of centenarians. METHODS: Data are from the 1993-2010 waves of the nationally representative Health and Retirement Study...
February 2015: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
M Goodall, G R Barton, P Bower, P Byrne, J E Cade, S Capewell, C L Cleghorn, L A Kennedy, A M Martindale, C Roberts, S Woolf, M B Gabbay
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) accounts for 30% of UK deaths. It is associated with modifiable lifestyle factors, including insufficient consumption of fruit and vegetables (F&V). Lay health trainers (LHTs) offer practical support to help people develop healthier behaviour and lifestyles. Our two-group pilot randomized controlled trial (RCT) investigated the effectiveness of LHTs at promoting a heart-healthy lifestyle among adults with at least one risk factor for CVD to inform a full-scale RCT...
December 2014: Journal of Public Health
R Estruch, J Salas-Salvadó
Dietary guidelines to promote good health are usually based on foods, nutrients, and dietary patterns predictive of chronic disease risk in epidemiologic studies. However, sound nutritional recommendations for cardiovascular prevention should be based on the results of large randomized clinical trials with "hard" end-points as the main outcome. Such evidence has been obtained for the Mediterranean diet from the PREDIMED (Prevención con Dieta Mediterránea) trial and the Lyon Heart Study. The traditional Mediterranean diet was that found in olive growing areas of Crete, Greece, and Southern Italy in the late 1950s...
December 2013: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
Ruth Lindquist, Jackie L Boucher, Elizabeth Zane Grey, Beth Cairns, Shalini Bobra, Denise Windenburg, Suma Konety, Kevin Graham, Russell Luepker, Sharonne N Hayes
Despite national campaigns to increase awareness and reduce cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality in women, CVD remains their leading cause of death, annually killing more women than men. Although some progress has been made in our understanding and treatment of CVD in women, the causes, extent, and demographic trends of observed sex differences and disparities remain uncertain, and the growing burden of CVD and its risk factors among younger women is concerning. The Minnesota Women's Heart Summit was convened to chart a course to eliminate premature deaths of women from heart disease...
January 2012: American Heart Journal
Eileen Smith Anderson-Bill, Richard A Winett, Janet R Wojcik
BACKGROUND: The Internet is a trusted source of health information for growing majorities of Web users. The promise of online health interventions will be realized with the development of purely online theory-based programs for Web users that are evaluated for program effectiveness and the application of behavior change theory within the online environment. Little is known, however, about the demographic, behavioral, or psychosocial characteristics of Web-health users who represent potential participants in online health promotion research...
March 17, 2011: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Jack C de la Torre
The vascular hypothesis of Alzheimer disease (AD), first proposed by us in 1993, provides substantial evidence that suggests vascular risk factors (VRF) play a critical role in the development of cognitive decline and AD during aging. Cardiovascular and carotid artery disease, two major risk factors to AD, can conspire or independently induce chronic brain hypoperfusion (CBH) decades before any symptoms of cognitive impairment are expressed. The pathologic construct linking CBH to cognitive impairment and AD remains unclear but evidence shows that it may provide an opportunity to intervene in the prevention or delay of dementia onset...
July 2010: Ageing Research Reviews
S O Akintola
The preservation of the public's health is one of the most important goals of government. The enactment and enforcement of law is the primary means by which government can encourage as well as compel conditions for healthier and safer lifestyles. The Law creates and assigns functions for public health authorities. In this regard, law is a fundamental element of effective public health policy and practice. It has played a crucial role in many of public health's greatest achievements. In spite of its contribution to effective Public Health practice, the potential for the application of law to chronic disease prevention and control is yet to be fully recognized...
June 2009: African Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences
Michelle L Barkley, Julie D Acosta, Elvira Starin, Melissa C Tan
Cardiac transplantation is a recognized and lifesaving treatment for those unresponsive to all other available treatments (Hosenpud JD, Bennett LE, Kech BM, Boucek MM, Novick RJ. The registry of the International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation: eighteenth official report-2001. J Heart Lung Transplant. 2001;20:805-815). The number of transplants performed in the United States grows steadily yearly with improving drugs for infection and rejection, the 2 most common medical complications and still the primary causes of death in long-term follow-up (Zugibe F, Costello J, Breithaupt M, Segalbacher J...
January 2004: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
Diane M Glowacki
This article identifies the rapid advancement of invasive and noninvasive interventional cardiac technologies. The newest cardiac diagnostics are those awaiting Food and Drug Administration approval will have a significant impact in relation to the acuity of future critically ill cardiac patients. While the elderly population continues to grow, these recipients of healthcare will also have more education available to them and hopefully will be practicing healthier lifestyles. There are several research studies in process that will change the future of critical care patients as well as critical care nurses...
January 2004: Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing: DCCN
J Shepherd
One-fifth of all humans who have survived beyond the age of 65 are alive today, and in the industrialized world the elderly segment of the population is expanding most rapidly. In biological terms, these survivors are healthier than the elderly of previous generations. However 'there are no diseases peculiar to old age and very few from which it is exempt' (Alfred Worcester, 1855-1951), and so society will inevitably accumulate a significant share of degenerative diseases within the ranks of its senior citizens...
December 2001: Current Opinion in Lipidology
(no author information available yet)
The patients are tiny; their medical problems can be immense. For the infant born with heart or lung disease, life begins as an all-or-nothing struggle--a struggle that, until recently, the infant usually lost. No longer. Today, thanks largely to pioneering work done at the University of California, San Francisco, sick newborns who surely would have died a few years ago are being saved and are growing up to lead healthier lives than was ever thought possible.
July 1979: American Lung Association Bulletin
W V Brown, I J Goldberg, H N Ginsberg
The pathogenesis of arteriosclerosis is not yet fully understood. The growing body of scientific information strongly indicates that the plasma lipoproteins are playing a crucial role in the development of this disease. We now have conclusive information that dietary cholesterol can produce arteriosclerosis in animals and its removal from the diet can result in regression of these lesions. Most importantly, we know that reducing plasma cholesterol in humans will prevent mortality and morbidity related to the clinical sequelae of arteriosclerosis...
July 1984: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
J P Smith
In this Fourth Ruth Langton Memorial Lecture, the author highlights some of the major health problems in children, mentally and physically handicapped people, and in the growing numbers of elderly people in society. Nurses' roles are discussed. He identifies many major areas of concern and points out that many of the afflictions affecting people throughout the world, such as infectious diseases, blindness and malnutrition, could so easily be prevented. The author also focuses on the diseases caused by unhealthy lifestyles, in particular heart disease, cancers, drug addiction and obesity...
March 1986: Journal of Advanced Nursing
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