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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268235/performance-measures-for-lower-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-a-european-society-of-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-esge-quality-improvement-initiative
#1
Michal F Kaminski, Siwan Thomas-Gibson, Marek Bugajski, Michael Bretthauer, Colin J Rees, Evelien Dekker, Geir Hoff, Rodrigo Jover, Stepan Suchanek, Monika Ferlitsch, John Anderson, Thomas Roesch, Rolf Hultcranz, Istvan Racz, Ernst J Kuipers, Kjetil Garborg, James E East, Maciej Rupinski, Birgitte Seip, Cathy Bennett, Carlo Senore, Silvia Minozzi, Raf Bisschops, Dirk Domagk, Roland Valori, Cristiano Spada, Cesare Hassan, Mario Dinis-Ribeiro, Matthew D Rutter
The European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy and United European Gastroenterology present a short list of key performance measures for lower gastrointestinal endoscopy. We recommend that endoscopy services across Europe adopt the following seven key performance measures for lower gastrointestinal endoscopy for measurement and evaluation in daily practice at a center and endoscopist level: 1 Rate of adequate bowel preparation (minimum standard 90 %); 2 Cecal intubation rate (minimum standard 90 %); 3 Adenoma detection rate (minimum standard 25 %); 4 Appropriate polypectomy technique (minimum standard 80 %); 5 Complication rate (minimum standard not set); 6 Patient experience (minimum standard not set); 7 Appropriate post-polypectomy surveillance recommendations (minimum standard not set)...
March 7, 2017: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257879/enzymatically-synthesized-glycogen-inhibits-colitis-through-decreasing-oxidative-stress
#2
Takakazu Mitani, Yasukiyo Yoshioka, Takashi Furuyashiki, Yoko Yamashita, Yasuhito Shirai, Hitoshi Ashida
Inflammatory bowel diseases are a group of chronic inflammation conditions of the gastrointestinal tract. Disruption of the mucosal immune response causes accumulation of oxidative stress, resulting in the induction of inflammatory bowel disease. In this study, we investigated the effect of enzymatically synthesized glycogen (ESG), which is produced from starch, on dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)- and 2,4,6-trinitrobenzenesulfonic acid (TNBS)-induced colitis in C57BL/6 mice. Oral administration of ESG suppressed DSS- and TNBS-induced shortening of large intestine in female mice and significant decreased DSS-induced oxidative stress and TNBS-induced pro-inflammatory cytokine expression in the large intestine...
February 28, 2017: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249325/esge-news-and-upcoming-events-march-2017
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212588/colorectal-polypectomy-and-endoscopic-mucosal-resection-emr-european-society-of-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-esge-clinical-guideline
#4
Monika Ferlitsch, Alan Moss, Cesare Hassan, Pradeep Bhandari, Jean-Marc Dumonceau, Gregorios Paspatis, Rodrigo Jover, Cord Langner, Maxime Bronzwaer, Kumanan Nalankilli, Paul Fockens, Rawi Hazzan, Ian M Gralnek, Michael Gschwantler, Elisabeth Waldmann, Philip Jeschek, Daniela Penz, Denis Heresbach, Leon Moons, Arnaud Lemmers, Konstantina Paraskeva, Juergen Pohl, Thierry Ponchon, Jaroslaw Regula, Alessandro Repici, Matthew D Rutter, Nicholas G Burgess, Michael J Bourke
1 ESGE recommends cold snare polypectomy (CSP) as the preferred technique for removal of diminutive polyps (size ≤ 5 mm). This technique has high rates of complete resection, adequate tissue sampling for histology, and low complication rates. (High quality evidence, strong recommendation.) 2 ESGE suggests CSP for sessile polyps 6 - 9 mm in size because of its superior safety profile, although evidence comparing efficacy with hot snare polypectomy (HSP) is lacking. (Moderate quality evidence, weak recommendation...
March 2017: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205042/screening-relevant-age-threshold-of-70%C3%A2-years-and-older-is-a-stronger-determinant-for-the-choice-of-adjuvant-treatment-in-breast-cancer-patients-than-tumor-biology
#5
E C Inwald, O Ortmann, M Koller, F Zeman, F Hofstädter, M Evert, G Brockhoff, M Klinkhammer-Schalke
PURPOSE: The 70-year threshold determines whether patients are eligible or not for the breast cancer screening program in Germany. It is not known whether this age threshold also influences the choice of adjuvant treatment and ultimate outcome. METHODS: 3463 patients were analyzed from the clinical cancer registry Regensburg (Germany) with primary, non-metastatic invasive breast cancer diagnosed between 2000 and 2012. The distribution of tumor biological subtypes was evaluated in breast cancer patients both in those eligible for screening (ESG, 50-69 years) and those not eligible for screening (NESG, ≥70 years)...
February 15, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185005/management-and-follow-up-of-gallbladder-polyps-joint-guidelines-between-the-european-society-of-gastrointestinal-and-abdominal-radiology-esgar-european-association-for-endoscopic-surgery-and-other-interventional-techniques-eaes-international-society-of-digestive
#6
Rebecca Wiles, Ruedi F Thoeni, Sorin Traian Barbu, Yogesh K Vashist, Søren Rafael Rafaelsen, Catherine Dewhurst, Marianna Arvanitakis, Max Lahaye, Marek Soltes, Julie Perinel, Stuart Ashley Roberts
OBJECTIVES: The management of incidentally detected gallbladder polyps on radiological examinations is contentious. The incidental radiological finding of a gallbladder polyp can therefore be problematic for the radiologist and the clinician who referred the patient for the radiological examination. To address this a joint guideline was created by the European Society of Gastrointestinal and Abdominal Radiology (ESGAR), European Association for Endoscopic Surgery and other Interventional Techniques (EAES), International Society of Digestive Surgery - European Federation (EFISDS) and European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ESGE)...
February 9, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147397/esge-news-and-upcoming-events-february-2017
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122386/endoscopic-management-of-barrett-s-esophagus-european-society-of-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-esge-position-statement
#8
Bas Weusten, Raf Bisschops, Emanuel Coron, Mário Dinis-Ribeiro, Jean-Marc Dumonceau, José-Miguel Esteban, Cesare Hassan, Oliver Pech, Alessandro Repici, Jacques Bergman, Massimiliano di Pietro
Current practices for the management of Barrett's esophagus (BE) vary across Europe, as several national European guidelines exist. This Position Statement from the European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ESGE) is an attempt to homogenize recommendations and, hence, patient management according to the best scientific evidence and other considerations (e.g. health policy). A Working Group developed consensus statements, using the existing national guidelines as a starting point and considering new evidence in the literature...
February 2017: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114689/endoscopy-in-patients-on-antiplatelet-or-anticoagulant-therapy-including-direct-oral-anticoagulants-british-society-of-gastroenterology-bsg-and-european-society-of-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-esge-guidelines
#9
Andrew M Veitch, Geoffroy Vanbiervliet, Anthony H Gershlick, Christian Boustiere, Trevor P Baglin, Lesley-Ann Smith, Franco Radaelli, Evelyn Knight, Ian M Gralnek, Cesare Hassan, Jean-Marc Dumonceau
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068719/esge-news-and-upcoming-events-january-2017
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025817/cost-effectiveness-of-metal-stents-in-relieving-obstructive-jaundice-in-patients-with-pancreatic-cancer
#11
J M Martinez, A Anene, T G K Bentley, M J Cangelosi, L M Meckley, J D Ortendahl, A J Montero
BACKGROUND: ASGE and ESGE guidelines recommend endoscopic metal stent placement for pancreatic carcinoma patients with biliary obstruction, and whose estimated life expectancy is greater than 6 months. Because median overall survival (OS) of metastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma until recently has been less than 6 months, plastic biliary stents were preferentially placed rather than metal due to the greater upfront cost of the latter. Recent advances in the treatment of metastatic pancreatic cancer have extended median OS beyond the 6-month range...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017845/endoscopic-sleeve-gastroplasty-significantly-reduces-body-mass-index-and-metabolic-complications-in-obese-patients
#12
Reem Z Sharaiha, Nikhil A Kumta, Monica Saumoy, Amit P Desai, Alex M Sarkisian, Andrea Benevenuto, Amy Tyberg, Rekha Kumar, Leon Igel, Elizabeth C Verna, Robert Schwartz, Christina Frissora, Alpana Shukla, Louis J Aronne, Michel Kahaleh
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty (ESG) is an incisionless, minimally invasive bariatric procedure that reduces the length and width of the gastric cavity to facilitate weight loss. We performed a prospective study to evaluate the effects of ESG on total body weight loss and obesity-related comorbidities. METHODS: We collected data from 91 consecutive patients (mean age, 43.86 ± 11.26 years; 68% female) undergoing ESG from August 2013 through March 2016...
December 23, 2016: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003797/bsge-esge-guideline-on-management-of-fluid-distension-media-in-operative-hysteroscopy
#13
REVIEW
Sameer Umranikar, T Justin Clark, Ertan Saridogan, Dimitrios Miligkos, Kirana Arambage, Emma Torbe, Rudi Campo, Attilio Di Spiezio Sardo, Vasilios Tanos, Grigoris Grimbizis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Gynecological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989866/localization-and-expression-of-molt-inhibiting-hormone-and-nitric-oxide-synthase-in-the-central-nervous-system-of-the-green-shore-crab-carcinus-maenas-and-the-blackback-land-crab-gecarcinus-lateralis
#14
Natalie L Pitts, Donald L Mykles
In decapod crustaceans, molting is controlled by the pulsatile release of molt-inhibiting hormone (MIH) from neurosecretory cells in the X-organ/sinus gland (XO/SG) complex in the eyestalk ganglia (ESG). A drop in MIH release triggers molting by activating the molting gland or Y-organ (YO). Post-transcriptional mechanisms ultimately control MIH levels in the hemolymph. Neurotransmitter-mediated electrical activity controls Ca(2+)-dependent vesicular release of MIH from the SG axon terminals, which may be modulated by nitric oxide (NO)...
October 27, 2016: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989519/the-function-of-appendage-patterning-genes-in-mandible-development-of-the-sexually-dimorphic-stag-beetle
#15
Hiroki Gotoh, Robert A Zinna, Yuki Ishikawa, Hitoshi Miyakawa, Asano Ishikawa, Yasuhiro Sugime, Douglas J Emlen, Laura C Lavine, Toru Miura
One of the defining features of the evolutionary success of insects is the morphological diversification of their appendages, especially mouthparts. Although most insects share a common mouthpart ground plan, there is remarkable diversity in the relative size and shapes of these appendages among different insect lineages. One of the most prominent examples of mouthpart modification can be found in the enlargement of mandibles in stag beetles (Coleoptera, Insecta). In order to understand the proximate mechanisms of mouthpart modification, we investigated the function of appendage-patterning genes in mandibular enlargement during extreme growth of the sexually dimorphic mandibles of the stag beetle Cyclommatus metallifer...
December 16, 2016: Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915212/rapid-detection-and-evolutionary-analysis-of-legionella-pneumophila-serogroup-1-sequence-type-47
#16
M Mentasti, P Cassier, S David, C Ginevra, L Gomez-Valero, A Underwood, B Afshar, J Etienne, J Parkhill, V Chalker, C Buchrieser, T G Harrison, S Jarraud
OBJECTIVES: Legionella pneumophia serogroup 1 (Lp1) sequence type 47 is the leading cause of legionellosis in North-Western Europe but surprisingly it is rarely isolated from environmental samples. Comparative genomics was applied to develop a PCR assay and to better understand the evolution of this strain. METHODS: Comparative analysis of 36 genomes representative of the Lp species was used to identify specific PCR targets which were then evaluated in silico on 545 sequenced genomes, and in vitro on 436 Legionella strains, 106 respiratory samples and three environmental samples from proven ST47 sources...
November 30, 2016: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894138/esge-news-and-upcoming-events
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821032/small-bowel-capsule-endoscopy-for-the-investigation-of-obscure-gastrointestinal-bleeding-when-we-should-do-it-and-what-should-we-expect
#18
REVIEW
N Viazis, J Anastasiou, D G Karamanolis
Obscure gastrointestinal bleeding is defined as bleeding of unknown origin that persists or recurs (i.e. recurrent or persistent iron deficiency anemia, fecal occult blood test positivity or visible bleeding) after a negative initial workout that necessarily includes gastroscopy and colonoscopy. In clinical practice, small bowel capsule endoscopy is recommended as a third stage examination in these patients, since it is a simple, safe, non-invasive and reliable test. To date there are three available small bowel capsule systems that have gained FDA approval and their diagnostic yield has shown to be superior to other diagnostic modalities for the investigation of the small bowel in patients with obscure gastrointestinal bleeding...
July 2016: Acta Gastro-enterologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798212/mrsa-infections-among-patients-in-the-emergency-department-a-european-multicentre-study
#19
C Bouchiat, S Curtis, I Spiliopoulou, M Bes, C Cocuzza, I Codita, C Dupieux, N Giormezis, A Kearns, F Laurent, S Molinos, R Musumeci, C Prat, M Saadatian-Elahi, E Tacconelli, A Tristan, B Schulte, F Vandenesch
BACKGROUND: MRSA is a therapeutic concern worldwide, and a major agent of community-acquired skin and soft tissue infections (CA-SSTIs). While the US epidemiology of MRSA in CA-SSTIs is well described and reports the high prevalence of the USA300 clone, data on the European situation are lacking. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence and clonal characteristics of MRSA in CA-SSTIs in seven European emergency departments. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From April to June 2015, patients presenting to the tertiary hospital emergency department with a Staphylococcus aureus CA-SSTI were prospectively enrolled...
February 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793132/sarcandra-glabra-caoshanhu-protects-mesenchymal-stem-cells-from-oxidative-stress-a-bioevaluation-and-mechanistic-chemistry
#20
Jingjing Liu, Xican Li, Jian Lin, Yunrong Li, Tingting Wang, Qian Jiang, Dongfeng Chen
BACKGROUND: Sarcandra glabra (Caoshanhu) is a traditional Chinese herbal medicine used for treating various oxidative-stressed diseases. The present work evaluated its protective effect on mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) from oxidative stress and then discussed possible mechanisms underlying this observation. METHODS: Ethanolic extract of S. glabra (ESG) was investigated by chemical methods for its content of total phenolics, rosmarinic acid, and astilbin. ESG, along with rosmarinic acid and astilbin, was investigated for the effect on the viability of Fenton-treated MSCs using 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl (MTT) assay...
October 28, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
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