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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915212/rapid-detection-and-evolutionary-analysis-of-legionella-pneumophila-serogroup-1-sequence-type-47
#1
M Mentasti, P Cassier, S David, C Ginevra, L Gomez-Valero, A Underwood, B Afshar, J Etienne, J Parkhill, V Chalker, C Buchrieser, T G Harrison, S Jarraud
OBJECTIVES: Legionella pneumophia serogroup 1 (Lp1) sequence type 47 is the leading cause of legionellosis in North-Western Europe but surprisingly it is rarely isolated from environmental samples. Comparative genomics was applied to develop a PCR assay and to better understand the evolution of this strain. METHODS: Comparative analysis of 36 genomes representative of the Lp species was used to identify specific PCR targets which were then evaluated in silico on 545 sequenced genomes, and in vitro on 436 Legionella strains, 106 respiratory samples and three environmental samples from proven ST47 sources...
November 30, 2016: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894138/esge-news-and-upcoming-events
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821032/small-bowel-capsule-endoscopy-for-the-investigation-of-obscure-gastrointestinal-bleeding-when-we-should-do-it-and-what-should-we-expect
#3
REVIEW
N Viazis, J Anastasiou, D G Karamanolis
Obscure gastrointestinal bleeding is defined as bleeding of unknown origin that persists or recurs (i.e. recurrent or persistent iron deficiency anemia, fecal occult blood test positivity or visible bleeding) after a negative initial workout that necessarily includes gastroscopy and colonoscopy. In clinical practice, small bowel capsule endoscopy is recommended as a third stage examination in these patients, since it is a simple, safe, non-invasive and reliable test. To date there are three available small bowel capsule systems that have gained FDA approval and their diagnostic yield has shown to be superior to other diagnostic modalities for the investigation of the small bowel in patients with obscure gastrointestinal bleeding...
July 2016: Acta Gastro-enterologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798212/mrsa-infections-among-patients-in-the-emergency-department-a-european-multicentre-study
#4
C Bouchiat, S Curtis, I Spiliopoulou, M Bes, C Cocuzza, I Codita, C Dupieux, N Giormezis, A Kearns, F Laurent, S Molinos, R Musumeci, C Prat, M Saadatian-Elahi, E Tacconelli, A Tristan, B Schulte, F Vandenesch
BACKGROUND: MRSA is a therapeutic concern worldwide, and a major agent of community-acquired skin and soft tissue infections (CA-SSTIs). While the US epidemiology of MRSA in CA-SSTIs is well described and reports the high prevalence of the USA300 clone, data on the European situation are lacking. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence and clonal characteristics of MRSA in CA-SSTIs in seven European emergency departments. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From April to June 2015, patients presenting to the tertiary hospital emergency department with a Staphylococcus aureus CA-SSTI were prospectively enrolled...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793132/sarcandra-glabra-caoshanhu-protects-mesenchymal-stem-cells-from-oxidative-stress-a-bioevaluation-and-mechanistic-chemistry
#5
Jingjing Liu, Xican Li, Jian Lin, Yunrong Li, Tingting Wang, Qian Jiang, Dongfeng Chen
BACKGROUND: Sarcandra glabra (Caoshanhu) is a traditional Chinese herbal medicine used for treating various oxidative-stressed diseases. The present work evaluated its protective effect on mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) from oxidative stress and then discussed possible mechanisms underlying this observation. METHODS: Ethanolic extract of S. glabra (ESG) was investigated by chemical methods for its content of total phenolics, rosmarinic acid, and astilbin. ESG, along with rosmarinic acid and astilbin, was investigated for the effect on the viability of Fenton-treated MSCs using 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl (MTT) assay...
October 28, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788545/esge-news-and-upcoming-events
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768572/evaluation-of-epidermal-skin-grafts-for-the-treatment-of-complex-wounds-in-a-wound-care-center-a-94-patient-case-series
#7
Katherine Lincoln, Jessica Hyde
BACKGROUND: In recent years, a new technology for autologous epidermal harvesting has been developed to produce epidermal skin grafts (ESGs) for use over wounds. This technology employs negative pressure and heat to raise the epidermal skin layer, allowing for consistent and reproducible epidermal harvesting. The aim of this case series is to present the authors' experience using an automated, epidermal harvesting system to produce ESGs to treat wounds of patients with multiple comorbidities...
October 2016: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742749/escargot-controls-the-sequential-specification-of-two-tracheal-tip-cell-types-by-suppressing-fgf-signaling-in-drosophila
#8
Guangxia Miao, Shigeo Hayashi
Extrinsic branching factors promote the elongation and migration of tubular organs. In the Drosophila tracheal system, Branchless (Drosophila FGF) stimulates the branching program by specifying tip cells that acquire motility and lead branch migration to a specific destination. Tip cells have two alternative cell fates: the terminal cell (TC), which produces long cytoplasmic extensions with intracellular lumen, and the fusion cell (FC), which mediates branch connections to form tubular networks. How Branchless controls this specification of cells with distinct shapes and behaviors is unknown...
November 15, 2016: Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27711949/advanced-endoscopic-imaging-european-society-of-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-esge-technology-review
#9
James E East, Jasper L Vleugels, Philip Roelandt, Pradeep Bhandari, Raf Bisschops, Evelien Dekker, Cesare Hassan, Gareth Horgan, Ralf Kiesslich, Gaius Longcroft-Wheaton, Ana Wilson, Jean-Marc Dumonceau
Background and aim: This technical review is an official statement of the European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ESGE). It addresses the utilization of advanced endoscopic imaging in gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy. Methods: This technical review is based on a systematic literature search to evaluate the evidence supporting the use of advanced endoscopic imaging throughout the GI tract. Technologies considered include narrowed-spectrum endoscopy (narrow band imaging [NBI]; flexible spectral imaging color enhancement [FICE]; i-Scan digital contrast [I-SCAN]), autofluorescence imaging (AFI), and confocal laser endomicroscopy (CLE)...
October 6, 2016: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27702705/robotic-assisted-reconstruction-of-cervix-and-vagina-by-sis-graft-and-fusion-of-hemi-uterus
#10
Ying Zhang, Yisong Chen, Keqin Hua
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To describe our technique of robotic assisted reconstruction of cervix and vagina by SIS (small intestinal sub-mucosa, SIS) graft and fusion of hemi-uterus. DESIGN: Step-by-step explanation of the procedure using video. SETTING: Congenital complete vaginal and cervical atresia is rare. Some patient has urinary system abnormality. No standardized surgical treatment guideline was available and the performance is varying for each patient...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693935/distribution-of-female-genital-tract-anomalies-in-two-classifications
#11
Pentti K Heinonen
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the distribution of Müllerian duct anomalies in two verified classifications of female genital tract malformations, and the presence of associated renal defects. STUDY DESIGN: 621 women with confirmed female genital tract anomalies were retrospectively grouped under the European (ESHRE/ESGE) and the American (AFS) classification. The diagnosis of uterine malformation was based on findings in hysterosalpingography, two-dimensional ultrasonography, endoscopies, laparotomy, cesarean section and magnetic resonance imaging in 97...
November 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686105/histomorphologic-features-of-early-gastric-carcinoma-treated-by-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-relation-to-efficiency-of-endoscopic-resection
#12
Katarzyna Karpińska-Kaczmarczyk, Andrzej Białek, Magdalena Lewandowska, Ewa Dobak, Małgorzata Ławniczak, Elżbieta Urasińska
OBJECTIVE: Early gastric cancer (EGC) is defined as cancer invasion confined to the mucosa or submucosa, irrespective of lymph node metastasis. Recently endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) has been widely accepted for the treatment for dysplasia and EGC without lymph node metastases. While the method has been advanced in Far East countries, ESD is still being developed in Europe and has not gained enough popularity although it has been recommended as the treatment of choice for superficial gastric neoplastic lesions by European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ESGE) in 2015...
December 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681180/mechanotransduction-of-the-endothelial-glycocalyx-mediates-nitric-oxide-production-through-activation-of-trp-channels
#13
Matthew A Dragovich, Daniel Chester, Bingmei M Fu, Chenyu Wu, Yan Xu, Michael S Goligorsky, X Frank Zhang
The endothelial surface glycocalyx (ESG) is a carbohydrate-rich layer found on the vascular endothelium, serving critical functions in the mechanotransduction of blood flow-induced forces. One of the most important protective functions of the ESG is to mediate the production of nitric oxide (NO) in response to blood flow. However, the detailed mechanism underlying ESG's mechanotransduction of the production of NO has not been completely identified. Herein, using the cultured rat brain microvascular endothelial cells (bEnd...
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669475/esge-news-and-upcoming-events
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630269/aneurysm-formation-after-endovascular-treatment-of-acute-type-a-dissection
#15
Lai Yang, Jiaping Wang
Recently, reports have described successful endovascular stent graft (ESG) treatment of patients with acute type A aortic dissection. We report 1 ESG treatment for this condition and the complication of a new aneurysm formation during a 6-month follow-up.
August 2016: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27626318/esophageal-stenting-for-benign-and-malignant-disease-european-society-of-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-esge-clinical-guideline
#16
Manon C W Spaander, Todd H Baron, Peter D Siersema, Lorenzo Fuccio, Brigitte Schumacher, Àngels Escorsell, Juan-Carlos Garcia-Pagán, Jean-Marc Dumonceau, Massimo Conio, Antonella de Ceglie, Janusz Skowronek, Marianne Nordsmark, Thomas Seufferlein, André Van Gossum, Cesare Hassan, Alessandro Repici, Marco J Bruno
This Guideline is an official statement of the European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ESGE), endorsed by the European Society for Radiotherapy and Oncology (ESTRO), the European Society of Digestive Endoscopy (ESDO), and the European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN). The Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) system was adopted to define the strength of recommendations and the quality of evidence. Main recommendations for malignant disease 1 ESGE recommends placement of partially or fully covered self-expandable metal stents (SEMSs) for palliative treatment of malignant dysphagia over laser therapy, photodynamic therapy, and esophageal bypass (strong recommendation, high quality evidence)...
October 2016: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622898/pediatric-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-european-society-of-pediatric-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-nutrition-espghan-and-european-society-of-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-esge-guidelines
#17
Mike Thomson, Andrea Tringali, Rosario Landi, Jean-Marc Dumonceau, Marta Tavares, Jorge Amil-Dias, Marc Benninga, Merit M Tabbers, Raoul Furlano, Manon Spaander, Cesare Hassan, Christos Tzvinikos, Hanneke Ijsselstijn, Jérôme Viala, Luigi Dall'Oglio, Rok Orel, Yvan Vandenplas, Radan Keil, Štěpán Hlava, Claudio Romano, Eva Brownstone, Patrick Gerner, Werner Dolak, Wolf Dietrich Huber, Simon Everett, Andreas Vecsei, Lars Aabakken, Alessandro Zambelli
This Guideline refers to infants, children and adolescents aged 0-18 years. The areas covered include: indications for diagnostic and therapeutic esophagogastroduodenoscopy and ileo-colonoscopy; endoscopy for foreign body ingestion; corrosive ingestion and stricture/stenosis endoscopic management; upper and lower gastrointestinal bleeding; endoscopic retrograde cholangio-pancreatography and endoscopic ultrasonography. Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy and endoscopy specific to inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has been dealt with in other Guidelines [1-3] and are therefore not mentioned in this Guideline...
September 12, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617420/pediatric-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-european-society-of-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-esge-and-european-society-for-paediatric-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-nutrition-espghan-guideline-executive-summary
#18
Andrea Tringali, Mike Thomson, Jean-Marc Dumonceau, Marta Tavares, Merit M Tabbers, Raoul Furlano, Manon Spaander, Cesare Hassan, Christos Tzvinikos, Hanneke Ijsselstijn, Jérôme Viala, Luigi Dall'Oglio, Marc Benninga, Rok Orel, Yvan Vandenplas, Radan Keil, Claudio Romano, Eva Brownstone, Štěpán Hlava, Patrick Gerner, Werner Dolak, Rosario Landi, Wolf Dietrich Huber, Simon Everett, Andreas Vecsei, Lars Aabakken, Jorge Amil-Dias, Alessandro Zambelli
This Executive summary of the Guideline on pediatric gastrointestinal endoscopy from the European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ESGE) and the European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology Hepatology and Nutrition (ESPGHAN) refers to infants, children, and adolescents aged 0 - 18 years. The areas covered include: indications for diagnostic and therapeutic esophagogastroduodenoscopy and ileocolonoscopy; endoscopy for foreign body ingestion; endoscopic management of corrosive ingestion and stricture/stenosis; upper and lower gastrointestinal bleeding; endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, and endoscopic ultrasonography...
September 12, 2016: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27571591/esge-news-and-upcoming-events
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27548885/performance-measures-for-upper-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-a-european-society-of-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-esge-quality-improvement-initiative
#20
Raf Bisschops, Miguel Areia, Emmanuel Coron, Daniela Dobru, Bernd Kaskas, Roman Kuvaev, Oliver Pech, Krish Ragunath, Bas Weusten, Pietro Familiari, Dirk Domagk, Roland Valori, Michal F Kaminski, Cristiano Spada, Michael Bretthauer, Cathy Bennett, Carlo Senore, Mário Dinis-Ribeiro, Matthew D Rutter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Endoscopy
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