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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872855/partial-portal-vein-arterialization-attenuates-acute-bile-duct-injury-induced-by-hepatic-dearterialization-in-a-rat-model
#1
Jun Jiang, Jishu Wei, Junli Wu, Wentao Gao, Qiang Li, Kuirong Jiang, Yi Miao
Hepatic infarcts or abscesses occur after hepatic artery interruption. We explored the mechanisms of hepatic deprivation-induced acute liver injury and determine whether partial portal vein arterialization attenuated this injury in rats. Male Sprague-Dawley rats underwent either complete hepatic arterial deprivation or partial portal vein arterialization, or both. Hepatic ischemia was evaluated using biochemical analysis, light microscopy, and transmission electron microscopy. Hepatic ATP levels, the expression of hypoxia- and inflammation-associated genes and proteins, and the expression of bile transporter genes were assessed...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872770/herpes-simplex-virus-hepatitis-in-an-immunocompetent-host-resembling-hepatic-pyogenic-abscesses
#2
Carrie Down, Amit Mehta, Gayle Salama, Erika Hissong, Russell Rosenblatt, Michael Cantor, David Helfgott, Kristen Marks
Herpes simplex virus (HSV) hepatitis represents a rare complication of HSV infection, which can progress to acute liver failure and, in some cases, death. We describe an immunocompetent 67-year-old male who presented with one week of fever and abdominal pain. Computed tomography (CT) scan and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the abdomen showed multiple bilobar hepatic lesions, some with rim enhancement, compatible with liver abscesses. Subsequent liver biopsy, however, revealed hepatocellular necrosis, HSV-type intranuclear inclusions, and immunostaining positive for herpes virus type 2 (HSV-2)...
2016: Case Reports in Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843543/presumptive-case-of-sparganosis-manifesting-as-a-hepatic-mass-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#3
Gyeong Deok Jo, Jae Young Lee, Sung-Tae Hong, Jung Hoon Kim, Joon Koo Han
A 60-year-old man was admitted due to rectosigmoid colon cancer, and a hepatic mass was incidentally found during the staging work-up. The mass appeared cystic with a thick wall and contained multiple bizarre cord-like structures on ultrasound, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. The differential diagnoses included organizing abscess/hematoma, foreign body granuloma and parasite infestation. Serologic study revealed anti-sparganum antibodies. Over 4-year follow-up, the patient did not complain of symptoms, and no changes in the characteristics of the liver mass were observed...
October 28, 2016: World Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833779/pylephlebitis-with-liver-abscess-secondary-to-chronic-appendicitis-a-radiological-conundrum
#4
Divya Santosh, Gavin Low
Septic thrombophlebitis of the portal vein and/or its intra-hepatic branches (pylephlebitis) with associated liver abscess formation is a rare and potentially fatal complication of intra-abdominal infection. We present such a case that was caused by missed chronic appendicitis. Imaging findings can be complex and mimic other diseases leading to a diagnostic conundrum. Radiologists need to be knowledgeable of this challenging condition to prevent misdiagnosis and because prompt treatment is often life-saving...
2016: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833769/first-case-report-of-a-late-onset-knee-periprosthetic-joint-infection-caused-by-lactococcus-garvieae
#5
V-I Neagoe, S Zytoun, H-J Neuhaus
Lactococcus garvieae is known as a Gram-positive, catalase-negative, and facultatively anaerobic fish pathogen. The association between Lactococcus spp. and human infectious diseases is described as being mainly associated with lumbar osteomyelitis, hepatic abscess, and infective endocarditis. In the literature of orthopedic post-prosthetic infections, L. garvieae was associated with a case of hip prosthetic infection in a fishmonger woman. We present the case of a 79-year-old male patient with multiple comorbidities, who is admitted to our center with a 5-day history of pain, swelling, and motility disorder of the right knee by the presence of a bicondylar knee replacement surgery, which was performed due to gonarthrosis 17 years ago...
2016: Case Reports in Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788724/-value-of-spectral-ct-based-quantitative-analysis-in-differential-diagnosis-of-liver-cancer-and-liver-abscess
#6
H Q Gao, C H Hu, Y X Yu, S Hu, C Shi, X M Wang, L Guo
Objective: To investigate the value of spectral CT-based quantitative analysis in the differential diagnosis of liver cancer and liver abscess. Methods: A total of 70 patients with space-occupying lesions in the liver(45 with liver cancer and 25 with liver abscess)underwent spectral CT scans to obtain spectral images in the arterial phase and portal venous phase. The solid constituents of lesions and the iodine and water concentrations in necrotic or cystic parts of lesions, normal hepatic tissue, and abdominal aorta in the arterial phase and portal venous phase were measured, and the normalized iodine concentration(NIC)and lesion-to-normal hepatic tissue ratio(LNR)of iodine concentration were calculated...
September 20, 2016: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787479/biliary-fistula-after-liver-resection-central-role-of-intra-operative-perihepatic-drain
#7
Matteo Barabino, Andrea Gatti, Roberto Santambrogio, Leonardo Centonze, Matteo Virdis, Maria R Angiolini, Carmelo Luigiano, Enrico Opocher
BACKGROUND: Despite notable advances in surgical skills and technology, incidence of biliary fistula after hepatic resection remains an issue. Aim of this study is to assess the role of intra-operative perihepatic drain in diagnosis and treatment of this complication. METHODS: The study included 641 patients who underwent hepatic resection without hepaticojejunostomy between Jan-2003 and Jan-2016. Data were obtained from our single- institution perspective database...
October 27, 2016: Minerva Chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778120/monitoring-of-abdominal-staphylococcus-aureus-infection-using-magnetic-resonance-imaging-a-murine-animal-model-for-hepatic-and-renal-abscesses
#8
M L Kromrey, A Göhler, N Friedrich, K Kindermann, S Hadlich, D Puls, I Steinmetz, J P Kühn
To establish a routine workflow for in vivo magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of mice infected with bacterial biosafety level 2 pathogens and to generate a mouse model for systemic infection with Staphylococcus aureus suitable for monitoring by MRI. A self-contained acrylic glass animal bed complying with biosafety level 2 requirements was constructed. After intravenous infection with 10(5) colony-forming units (CFU) (n = 3), 10(6) CFU (n = 11) or 10(7) CFU (n = 6) of S. aureus strain Newman, female Balb/c mice were whole-body scanned by 7T MRI...
October 24, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765437/pyogenic-liver-abscess-a-retrospective-study-of-105-cases-in-an-emergency-department-from-east-china
#9
Li Liu, Wanjun Chen, Xiaoye Lu, Keji Zhang, Changqing Zhu
BACKGROUND: Pyogenic liver abscesses have become common in emergency departments (EDs) in recent years in Shanghai, China due to a variety of risk factors contributory to the disease. OBJECTIVE: To review our experience in managing pyogenic liver abscesses to aid in the current management of this complex condition. METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted to collect and analyze information from adult patients diagnosed with liver hepatic abscesses who were admitted to Ren Ji Hospital during the period from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2015...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27750233/monoethanolamine-oleate-sclerotherapy-for-polycystic-liver-disease
#10
Masahiro Takita, Mina Iwanishi, Tomohiro Minami, Masashi Kono, Hirokazo Chishina, Tadaaki Arizumi, Norihisa Yada, Satoru Hagiwara, Yasunori Minami, Hiroshi Ida, Kazuomi Ueshima, Nishida Naoshi, Masatoshi Kudo
OBJECTIVE: The objective of treatment for polycystic liver disease is to reduce the liver volume and reduce or resolve compression symptoms such as abdominal fullness and abdominal pain due to hepatomegaly. Liver cysts are treated internally by puncture and aspiration of the cyst contents or hepatic artery embolization and surgically by cyst fenestration or hepatectomy, but no clear consensus has been reached concerning their selection. We introduced monoethanolamine oleate (EO) sclerotherapy therapy for liver cysts in 1999 and reported its effectiveness...
2016: Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27727772/an-unusual-presentation-of-tuberculosis-as-splenic-and-hepatic-abscesses
#11
Ashwin Kumar Panda, Rajeev Chawla, Hitesh Punyani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27712010/hepatic-manifestations-of-inflammatory-bowel-diseases
#12
Sophie Restellini, Olivier Chazouillères, Jean-Louis Frossard
Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are associated with various hepatobiliary disorders, reported both in Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC). They may occur at any moment in the natural course of the disease. The prevalence of liver dysfunction rises from 3% to 50% accordingly to definitions. Fatty liver is considered as the most common hepatobiliary complication in IBD whilst primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) the most specific one. Less frequently, IBD-associated hepatobiliary disorders include: autoimmune hepatitis/PSC overlap syndrome, IgG4-associated cholangiopathy, primary biliary cholangitis (PBC), hepatic amyloidosis, granulomatous hepatitis, cholelithiasis, portal vein thrombosis, and liver abscess...
October 6, 2016: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699460/anomalous-branching-pattern-of-the-portal-vein-right-posterior-portal-vein-originating-from-the-left-portal-vein
#13
Koichiro Yasaka, Hiroyuki Akai, Shigeru Kiryu
PURPOSE: To introduce a rare variant branching pattern of the portal vein with clinical relevance. METHODS: A 55-year-old man was examined by contrast-enhanced computed tomography to investigate the cause of fever and mildly elevated hepatic enzyme levels. RESULTS: Based on computed tomography, liver abscesses were identified which may have caused the fever and elevated hepatic enzyme levels. And a variation in the branching pattern of the portal vein was also detected in this patient, which has not been reported previously; the right posterior portal vein originated from the end of the horizontal part of the left portal vein...
October 3, 2016: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672273/hepatobiliary-and-pancreatic-ascariasis
#14
REVIEW
Mohammad S Khuroo, Ajaz A Rather, Naira S Khuroo, Mehnaaz S Khuroo
Hepatobiliary and pancreatic ascariasis (HPA) was described as a clinical entity from Kashmir, India in 1985. HPA is caused by invasion and migration of nematode, Ascaris lumbricoides, in to the biliary tract and pancreatic duct. Patients present with biliary colic, cholangitis, cholecystitis, hepatic abscesses and acute pancreatitis. Ascarides traverse the ducts repeatedly, get trapped and die, leading to formation of hepatolithiasis. HPA is ubiquitous in endemic regions and in Kashmir, one such region, HPA is the etiological factor for 36...
September 7, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659942/severe-coagulation-disorder-and-thrombocytopenia-associated-with-tigecycline-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#15
Sami Joseph Giryes, Zaher Azzam, Reem Ismael-Badarneh, Norberto Krivoy, Gidon Berger
Herein, we report a 70-year-old male patient, with recurrent multiple hepatic abscesses, that was admitted to the internal medicine department for treatment of Carbapenem Resistant Escherichia Coli (CRE) bacteremia. The patient was treated with Tigecycline and few days later he developed "Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC)" like coagulation study abnormality. Tigecycline was suspected to cause this coagulation study abnormality and was stopped, and few days later coagulation studies return to normal values...
September 19, 2016: Current Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658328/a-case-of-hepatic-portal-venous-gas-after-colonoscopy
#16
Tevfik Solakoglu, Sevil O Sari, Huseyin Koseoglu, Murat Basaran, Mustafa Akar, Semnur Buyukasik, Osman Ersoy
Hepatic portal venous gas (HPVG) is a rare radiologic finding that is usually precipitated by intestinal ischaemia, intra-abdominal abscesses, necrotising enterocolitis, abdominal trauma, infectious enteritis, and inflammatory bowel disease. In this study, we present a case of HPVG in a 66-year-old female patient who underwent colonoscopy for evaluation of haematochezia and a review of the literature focused on HPVG following colonoscopy.
September 2016: Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27645463/initial-experience-with-ct-guided-high-dose-rate-brachytherapy-in-the-multimodality-treatment-of-neuroendocrine-tumor-liver-metastases
#17
Alexander C Schippers, Federico Collettini, Ingo G Steffen, Gero Wieners, Timm Denecke, Marianne Pavel, Peter Wust, Bernhard Gebauer
PURPOSE: To evaluate efficacy of computed tomography (CT)-guided high-dose-rate brachytherapy (HDRBT) of neuroendocrine liver metastases (NELM) with the goal of local tumor control (LTC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included all patients with unresectable NELM treated with CT-guided HDRBT between January 2007 and April 2015. Magnetic resonance imaging follow-up was performed 6 weeks after ablation and then every 3 months. The primary endpoint was LTC...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621751/inferior-vena-cava-stenosis-induced-sinusoidal-obstructive-syndrome-after-living-donor-liver-transplantation
#18
Batsaikhan Bat-Erdene, Sergelen Orgoi, Erdene Sandag, Ulzii-Orshikh Namkhai, Bat-Ireedui Badarch, Batsaikhan Batsuuri
The sinusoidal obstructive syndrome (SOS) is a complication that usually follows hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. It is also known as veno-occlusive disease, which is a rare complication of living donor liver transplantation (LDLT). Herein, we reported a 34 year-old female patient presenting SOS after LDLT. Its underlying cause was presumed to be associated with liver abscess and subsequent inferior vena cava stenosis. SOS led to graft failure, thus requiring retransplantation with a deceased donor liver graft...
August 2016: Korean Journal of Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27616153/role-of-mdct-in-the-detection-of-early-abdominal-complications-after-orthotopic-liver-transplantation
#19
Piero Boraschi, Francescamaria Donati, Massimiliano Rossi, Davide Ghinolfi, Franco Filipponi, Fabio Falaschi
PURPOSE: This study aims to assess the role of multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) for detecting early abdominal complications after orthotopic liver transplantation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively enrolled 170 subjects with clinical laboratory and/or echo-color Doppler abnormalities who underwent MDCT within the first 90 days after transplantation. All images were reviewed by two radiologists in conference and imaging results were correlated with digital subtraction angiography, conventional cholangiography, surgery, clinical laboratory, and/or imaging follow-up...
August 26, 2016: Clinical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27599958/-lymphoplasmacytic-inflammatory-pseudotumor-of-the-liver
#20
E Valdivielso Córtazar, J A Yáñez López, L Yáñez Gónzalez-Dopeso, M Diz-Lois Palomares, B González Conde, P Alonso Aguirre
We present the case of a middle-aged woman with antecedents of cholecystectomy and several episodes of resi-dual coledocolitiasis resolved endoscopically. She attended Emergency Services due to a new clinical picture of abdo-minal pain and alteration of hepatic enzymes. Image tests showed lesions that suggested hepatic abscesses without ruling out a malign origin. Given this doubt it was decided to carry out a thick needle biopsy obtaining a diagnosis of an inflammatory pseudotumour of the liver related to IgG4-related disease...
2016: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
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