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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231700/effect-on-quanti-quality-milk-and-mozzarella-cheese-characteristics-with-further-increasing-the-level-of-dried-stoned-olive-pomace-in-diet-for-lactating-buffalo
#1
Agnese Taticchi, Settimio Bartocci, Maurizio Servili, Sabrina Di Giovanni, Mariano Pauselli, Evangelia Mourvaki, David Meo Zilio, Stefano Terramoccia
Objective: Following a previous report, an experiment was conducted to determine the effect of increasing level of DSOP (dried stoned olives pomaces) in the diet of lactating buffaloes on milk and mozzarella cheese yield and characteristics. Methods: Sixteen pluriparous buffaloes distributed into two groups were fed an isoenergetic (0.9 Milk FU/kg) and isoprotein (149 g/kg DM of crude protein) diet, with or without DSOP. Each animal received 17 kg DM/d. Samples of forages and concentrates were weekly collected and used for duplicate chemical analyses...
February 23, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231681/noninvasive-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-tdcs-for-the-treatment-of-orofacial-pain
#2
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: tDCS is a promising method for the treatment of chronic pain. Electrode placement locations must be chosen in accordance with the density and the time course of the current in order to prevent pathological changes in the underlying tissue. In order to reduce current spatial variability, more electrodes of the same polarity are placed in a circle around the second electrode of the opposite polarity. The applied current produced the greatest changes directly beneath the electrodes: the cathode reduces the excitability of cortical neurons, while the anode has the opposite effect...
October 24, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231671/-spatiotemporal-characteristics-of-hiv-aids-in-shandong-province-2009-2015
#3
N Zhang, X G Yang, G Y Wang, X R Tao, D M Kang, N Wang
Objective: To analyze the spatiotemporal characteristics of HIV/AIDS in Shandong province, 2009-2015. Methods: Data on HIV/AIDS between 2009 and 2015 were derived from the Shandong provincial HIV/AIDS Comprehensive Response Information Management System at the end of 2015. All the data were geographically referenced based on 139 spatial units in the related counties of Shandong province. Electronic maps were obtained from China CDC. Global Moran' s I statistics and LISA statistics were used to detect the global and local spatial distribution patterns of HIV/AIDS in Shandong...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231663/-factors-associated-with-lost-of-follow-up-of-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-a-gay-bathhouse-cohort-study-in-tianjin-2012-2015
#4
Y Guo, N Zhou, J Yang, P Xu, H Gong, M H Yu
Objective: To understand the rate of follow-up lost in men who have sex with men (MSM) in a gay bathhouse cohort study in Tianjin and the associated factors. Methods: The open cohort study in gay bathhouse was launched in 2012 in Tianjin, and the MSM for baseline survey were recruited from January to June 2012, while the follow up was carried out every six months. A questionnaire survey and HIV test were conducted in the study. The MSM who were HIV negative in the baseline survey in 2012 were used for follow up lost analysis...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231654/-relation-between-waist-circumference-and-risk-of-male-lung-cancer-incidence-a-prospective-cohort-study
#5
S H Xie, G Wang, L W Guo, S H Chen, K Su, F Li, S Chang, X S Feng, Z Y Lyu, Y H Chen, J S Ren, H Cui, N Li, S L Wu, M Dai, J He
Objective: To investigate the association between waist circumference and risk of male lung cancer incidence. Methods: Since May 1, 2006, all the male employees including the retirees in Kailuan Group had been recruited into a Chinese Kailuan Male Cohort study. Information on anthropometries including body weight, height and waist circumference were collected at the baseline investigation, as well as information on newly-diagnosed lung cancer cases during the follow-up period. Waist circumference was grouped by quintiles of the population waist circumference distribution and categorized into the following five groups: <80, 80-, 85-, 90- and ≥95 cm, with the relevant normal group, the second quintile group (80-cm), serving as the referent category...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231620/sustaining-guideline-implementation-a-multi-site-perspective-on-activities-challenges-and-supports
#6
Kathryn Smith Higuchi, Barbara Davies, Jenny Ploeg
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine activities conducted, challenges encountered, and supports used when sustaining nursing practice guideline implementation in multiple health care organizations over three years. BACKGROUND: Numerous models and frameworks exist to guide the implementation of guidelines, yet very few focus on sustaining improved practice changes. It is not known if one intervention or multiple interventions are required, nor the long-term activities, challenges, and supports for sustaining improved practices...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231596/-impact-of-a-senso-motoric-intervention-in-copd-patients-participating-in-an-outpatient-pulmonary-rehabilitation-program-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
M Spielmanns, K Müller, N Schott, A Winkler, H Polanski, C Nell, T Boeselt, A R Koczulla, J H Storre, W Windisch, F S Magnet, K Baum
Objective: Exercise training provides a cornerstone of pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) in COPD-patients. However, the components of the training are not yet fully investigated. We conducted a randomized controlled trial to investigate the effectiveness of a sensory-motoric training (SMT) in comparison to a conventional strength training (KT) according to the physical performance. Patients and Methods: 43 COPD patients were randomized and participated either in the intervention group (SMT = 30 minutes SMT per day) or in the control group (KT = 30 minutes KT per day)...
February 23, 2017: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231545/aqueous-extract-of-cortex-dictamni-protects-h9c2-cardiomyocytes-from-hypoxia-reoxygenation-induced-oxidative-stress-and-apoptosis-by-pi3k-akt-signaling-pathway
#8
Lin Li, Yunfeng Zhou, Yanlin Li, Lili Wang, Lan Sun, Lidong Zhou, Hiderori Arai, Yun Qi, Yang Xu
Ischemia-reperfusion injury is the major manifestation of ischemic heart disease, which facilitates cardiac arrhythmias, heart failure and death. Oxidative stress and apoptosis have been involved in the pathogenesis of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury. Modern pharmacological studies have indicated that the extracts and active compounds of Cortex Dictamni exhibit antioxidative and cardiovascular protective activities. This study was designed to investigate the protective effect of aqueous extract of Cortex Dictamni (CDAE) on regulating hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R)-induced cardiomyocytes oxidative stress and apoptosis...
February 20, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231519/carotid-systolic-flow-time-with-passive-leg-raise-correlates-with-fluid-status-changes-in-patients-undergoing-dialysis
#9
Pavel Antiperovitch, Eduard Iliescu, Barry Chan
Corrected carotid systolic flow time (CFTc) has been proposed as a measure of volume status in acutely ill patients. This study endeavors to determine whether the change in CFTc with passive leg raise (PLR) maneuver correlates with volume status changes. Dialysis patients at Kingston General Hospital (Kingston, Canada) underwent point-of-care carotid ultrasonography at the beginning and the end of dialysis. With each measurement, 2 values were recorded: the absolute CFTc, and the difference in CFTc before and after the PLR maneuver...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231395/functional-connectivity-in-amygdalar-sensory-pre-motor-networks-at-rest-new-evidence-from-the-human-connectome-project
#10
Nicola Toschi, Andrea Duggento, Luca Passamonti
The word "e-motion" derives from the Latin word "ex-moveo" which literally means "moving away from something / somebody". Emotions are thus fundamental to prime action and goal-directed behavior with obvious implications for individual's survival. However, the brain mechanisms underlying the interactions between emotional and motor cortical systems remain poorly understood. A recent diffusion tensor imaging study in humans has reported the existence of direct anatomical connections between the amygdala and sensory/(pre)motor cortices, corroborating an initial observation in animal research...
February 23, 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231304/a-four-day-western-style-dietary-intervention-causes-reductions-in-hippocampal-dependent-learning-and-memory-and-interoceptive-sensitivity
#11
Tuki Attuquayefio, Richard J Stevenson, Megan J Oaten, Heather M Francis
In animals, a Western style diet-high in saturated fat and added sugar-causes impairments in hippocampal-dependent learning and memory (HDLM) and perception of internal bodily state (interoception). In humans, while there is correlational support for a link between Western-style diet, HDLM, and interoception, there is as yet no causal data. Here, healthy individuals were randomly assigned to consume either a breakfast high in saturated fat and added sugar (Experimental condition) or a healthier breakfast (Control condition), over four consecutive days...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231277/comparison-of-cross-sectional-hiv-incidence-assay-results-from-dried-blood-spots-and-plasma
#12
Katherine E Schlusser, Christopher Pilcher, Esper G Kallas, Breno R Santos, Steven G Deeks, Shelley Facente, Sheila M Keating, Michael P Busch, Gary Murphy, Alex Welte, Thomas Quinn, Susan H Eshleman, Oliver Laeyendecker
BACKGROUND: Assays have been developed for cross-sectional HIV incidence estimation using plasma samples. Large scale surveillance programs are planned using dried blood spot (DBS) specimens for incidence assessment. However, limited information exists on the performance of HIV cross-sectional incidence assays using DBS. METHODS: The assays evaluated were: Maxim HIV-1 Limiting Antigen Avidity EIA (LAg-Avidity), Sedia HIV-1 BED-Capture EIA (BED-CEIA), and CDC modified BioRad HIV-1/2 Plus O Avidity-based Assay (CDC-BioRad Avidity) using pre-determined cutoff values...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231271/applying-antibody-sensitive-hypervariable-region-1-deleted-hepatitis-c-virus-to-the-study-of-escape-pathways-of-neutralizing-human-monoclonal-antibody-ar5a
#13
Rodrigo Velázquez-Moctezuma, Mansun Law, Jens Bukh, Jannick Prentoe
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a major cause of end-stage liver diseases. With 3-4 million new HCV infections yearly, a vaccine is urgently needed. A better understanding of virus escape from neutralizing antibodies and their corresponding epitopes are important for this effort. However, for viral isolates with high antibody resistance, or antibodies with moderate potency, it remains challenging to induce escape mutations in vitro. Here, as proof-of-concept, we used antibody-sensitive HVR1-deleted (ΔHVR1) viruses to generate escape mutants for a human monoclonal antibody, AR5A, targeting a rare cross-genotype conserved epitope...
February 23, 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231179/how-can-diet-affect-the-accumulation-of-advanced-glycation-end-products-in-the-human-body
#14
REVIEW
Axel Guilbaud, Celine Niquet-Leridon, Eric Boulanger, Frederic J Tessier
The accumulation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) is associated with the complications of diabetes, kidney disease, metabolic disorders and degenerative diseases. It is recognized that the pool of glycation products found in the human body comes not only from an endogenous formation, but also from a dietary exposure to exogenous AGEs. In recent years, the development of pharmacologically-active ingredients aimed at inhibiting endogenous glycation has not been successful. Since the accumulation of AGEs in the human body appears to be progressive throughout life, an early preventive action against glycation could be effective through dietary adjustments or supplementation with purified micronutrients...
December 6, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231088/health-promoting-compounds-in-pigmented-thai-and-wild-rice
#15
Valentina Melini, Rita Acquistucci
Organic pigmented Thai rice and wild rice are commonly available in specialized Italian markets and food shops, and they are gaining popularity among consumers demanding healthy foods. Indeed, the typical colour of kernels, which is the unique characteristic of pigmented cereals, is due to the accumulation of pigments that are also responsible for a number of healthy effects. The aim of this study was to provide a portrait of two organic pigmented Thai rice varieties from Thailand and one wild rice variety from Canada, imported into Italy and at Italian consumers' disposal...
January 20, 2017: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231040/evaluation-of-the-alteration-of-occlusal-distribution-in-unilateral-free-end-and-intermediate-missing-cases
#16
Kazuhiro Kon, Makoto Shiota, Aoi Sakuyama, Maho Ozeki, Wataru Kozuma, Sawako Kawakami, Shohei Kasugai
The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of implant prostheses on the occlusal force and area as well as the distribution of occlusal loading in unilateral free-end and intermediate missing cases. Fourteen healthy subjects (7 free-end missing cases in the first and second molars and 7 intermediate missing cases in the first molar region) were included. Six months after the implant prosthesis was placed, an occlusal evaluation was performed with or without the implant superstructure by using Dental Prescale film and an occluder device...
February 2017: Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230858/ngs-based-transcriptome-profiling-reveals-biomarkers-for-companion-diagnostics-of-the-tgf-%C3%AE-receptor-blocker-galunisertib-in-hcc
#17
Yuan Cao, Rahul Agarwal, Francesco Dituri, Luigi Lupo, Paolo Trerotoli, Serena Mancarella, Peter Winter, Gianluigi Giannelli
Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β) signaling has gained extensive interest in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The small molecule kinase inhibitor galunisertib, targeting the TGF-β receptor I (TGF-βRI), blocks HCC progression in preclinical models and shows promising effects in ongoing clinical trials. As the drug is not similarly effective in all patients, this study was aimed at identifying new companion diagnostics biomarkers for patient stratification. Next-generation sequencing-based massive analysis of cDNA ends was used to investigate the transcriptome of an invasive HCC cell line responses to TGF-β1 and galunisertib...
February 23, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230835/sudden-versus-gradual-pressure-wean-from-nasal-cpap-in-preterm-infants-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
S Amatya, M Macomber, A Bhutada, D Rastogi, S Rastogi
OBJECTIVE: In preterm infants, nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) is widely used for treatment of respiratory distress syndrome. However, the strategies for successfully weaning infants off NCPAP are still not well defined and there remains considerable variation between the methods. The objective of this study is to determine whether gradual weaning of NCPAP pressure is more successful than sudden weaning off NCPAP to room air. STUDY DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial was conducted in a level 3 neonatal intensive care unit on 70 preterm neonates who were born between 26 and 32 weeks gestation and required NCPAP for at least 48 h...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230746/oxidation-of-5-chloromethylfurfural-cmf-to-2-5-diformylfuran-dff
#19
Ana I Vicente, Jaime A S Coelho, Svilen P Simeonov, Hristina I Lazarova, Margarita D Popova, Carlos A M Afonso
2,5-Diformylfuran (DFF) is an important biorenewable building block, namely for the manufacture of new polymers that may replace existing materials derived from limited fossil fuel resources. The current reported methods for the preparation of DFF are mainly derived from the oxidation of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) and, to a lesser extent, directly from fructose. 5-Chloromethylfurfural (CMF) has been considered an alternative to HMF as an intermediate building block due to its advantages regarding stability, polarity, and availability from glucose and cellulose...
February 20, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230691/original-research-how-to-create-a-poster-that-attracts-an-audience
#20
Sandra L Siedlecki
: : Background: Nurses developing a poster presentation for the first time who look for guidance in the literature will find many articles offering recommendations on format and style, but these are based on opinion rather than evidence. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify the attributes of a poster that improved the chance that nursing conference attendees would read it. METHODS: A mixed-methods descriptive study employing survey methodology was used to assess the perceptions of nurses attending poster sessions at a two-day nursing conference...
March 2017: American Journal of Nursing
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