Read by QxMD icon Read

Canine Influenza

Aitor Nogales, Kai Huang, Caroline Chauché, Marta L DeDiego, Pablo R Murcia, Colin R Parrish, Luis Martínez-Sobrido
Canine Influenza Virus (CIV) H3N8 is the causative agent of canine influenza, a common and contagious respiratory disease of dogs. Currently, only inactivated influenza vaccines (IIVs) are available for the prevention of CIV H3N8. However, live-attenuated influenza vaccines (LAIVs) are known to provide better immunogenicity and protection efficacy than IIVs. Influenza NS1 is a virulence factor that offers an attractive target for the preparation of attenuated viruses as LAIVs. Here we generated recombinant H3N8 CIVs containing truncated or a deleted NS1 protein to test their potential as LAIVs...
October 14, 2016: Virology
Simona Panella, Maria Elena Marcocci, Ignacio Celestino, Sergio Valente, Clemens Zwergel, Domenica Donatella Li Puma, Lucia Nencioni, Antonello Mai, Anna Teresa Palamara, Giovanna Simonetti
AIM: Histone deacetylases (HDACs) regulate the life-cycle of several viruses. We investigated the ability of different HDAC-inhibitors, to interfere with influenza virus A/Puerto Rico/8/34/H1N1 (PR8 virus) replication in Madin-Darby canine kidney and NCI cells. RESULTS: 3-(5-(3-Fluorophenyl)-3-oxoprop-1-en-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrrol-2-yl)-N-hydroxyacrylamide (MC1568) inhibited HDAC6/8 activity and PR8 virus replication, with decreased expression of viral proteins and their mRNAs...
October 14, 2016: Future Medicinal Chemistry
Kendra L Bauer, Caroline E C Goertz, Jane A Belovarac, Robert W Walton, J Lawrence Dunn, Pamela Tuomi
  Pacific harbor seals ( Phoca vitulina richardsi) and belugas ( Delphinapterus leucas ) eat many of the same prey species, occupy the same geographic area, and demonstrate site fidelity in Cook Inlet, Alaska. Although most direct research involving the critically endangered belugas is currently prohibited, studying harbor seals may provide important information about this beluga population. In recent years, harbor seal populations in Alaska have declined for unknown reasons. As part of its stranding program, the Alaska SeaLife Center (ASLC) managed 59 cases of live and dead stranded harbor seals from Cook Inlet between 1997 and 2011...
September 2016: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
Elinor Willis, Kaela Parkhouse, Florian Krammer, Scott E Hensley
Influenza A viruses infect many species and cross-species transmission occurs occasionally. An equine H3N8 influenza virus began circulating in dogs in 1999 and an avian H3N2 influenza virus began circulating in dogs in 2006. The canine H3N8 (cH3N8) viral strain has become endemic in parts of the United States and there is a commercially available vaccine against this strain. The canine H3N2 (cH3N2) strain did not circulate widely in the United States until 2015. Here, we used a mouse model to determine if the cH3N8 and cH3N2 strains are antigenically related and if a commercially available cH3N8 vaccine protects animals against the cH3N2 outbreak strain...
September 23, 2016: Vaccine
Chutchai Piewbang, Anudep Rungsipipat, Yong Poovorawan, Somporn Techangamsuwan
Canine infectious respiratory disease complex (CIRDC) viruses have been detected in dogs with respiratory illness. Canine influenza virus (CIV), canine parainfluenza virus (CPIV), canine distemper virus (CDV), canine respiratory coronavirus (CRCoV), canine adenovirus type 2 (CAdV-2) and canine herpesvirus 1 (CaHV-1), are all associated with the CIRDC. To allow diagnosis, two conventional multiplex polymerase chain reactions (PCR) were developed to simultaneously identify four RNA and two DNA viruses associated with CIRDC...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
Siriwan Charyasriwong, Takahiro Haruyama, Nobuyuki Kobayashi
Influenza A and B virus infections are serious public health concerns globally. However, the concerns regarding influenza B infection have been underestimated. The currently used anti-influenza drugs have not provided equal efficacy for both influenza A and B viruses. Susceptibility to neuraminidase (NA) inhibitors has been observed to be lower for influenza B viruses than for influenza A viruses. Moreover, the emergence of resistance to anti-influenza drugs underscores the need to develop new drugs. Recently, we reported that methylglyoxal (MGO) suppressed influenza A virus replication in a strain-independent manner...
2016: Drug Discoveries & Therapeutics
Nicola Decaro, Viviana Mari, Vittorio Larocca, Michele Losurdo, Gianvito Lanave, Maria Stella Lucente, Marialaura Corrente, Cristiana Catella, Stefano Bo, Gabriella Elia, Giorgio Torre, Erika Grandolfo, Vito Martella, Canio Buonavoglia
A molecular survey for traditional and emerging pathogens associated with canine infectious respiratory disease (CIRD) was conducted in Italy between 2011 and 2013 on a total of 138 dogs, including 78 early acute clinically ill CIRD animals, 22 non-clinical but exposed to clinically ill CIRD dogs and 38 CIRD convalescent dogs. The results showed that canine parainfluenza virus (CPIV) was the most commonly detected CIRD pathogen, followed by canine respiratory coronavirus (CRCoV), Bordetella bronchiseptica, Mycoplasma cynos, Mycoplasma canis and canine pneumovirus (CnPnV)...
August 30, 2016: Veterinary Microbiology
Hyesun Jang, Yasmine K Jackson, Joshua B Daniels, Ahmed Ali, Kyung-Il Kang, Mohamed Elaish, Chang-Won Lee
The prevalence of canine H3N8 influenza, and human H1N1 and H3N2 influenza in dogs in Ohio was estimated by conducting serologic tests on 1,082 canine serum samples; risk factors, such as health status and age were examined. The prevalence of human H1N1, H3N2, and canine H3N8 were 4.0%, 2.4% and 2.3%, respectively, and two samples were seropositive to two subtypes (H1N1 and H3N2; H1N1 and canine influenza virus (CIV) H3N8). Dogs with respiratory signs were 5.795 times more likely to be seropositive against human H1N1 virus than healthy dogs (p-value=0...
August 10, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Science
Woonsung Na, Minjoo Yeom, Huijoon Yuk, Hyoungjoon Moon, Bokyu Kang, Daesub Song
This study provides information regarding vaccine research and the epidemiology of influenza virus in neglected hosts (horses and dogs). Equine influenza virus (EIV) causes a highly contagious disease in horses and other equids, and outbreaks have occurred worldwide. EIV has resulted in costly damage to the horse industry and has the ability of cross the host species barrier from horses to dogs. Canine influenza is a virus of equine or avian origin and infects companion animals that live in close contact with humans; this results in possible exposure to the seasonal epizootic influenza virus...
July 2016: Clinical and Experimental Vaccine Research
Elzbieta Lenartowicz, Aitor Nogales, Elzbieta Kierzek, Ryszard Kierzek, Luis Martínez-Sobrido, Douglas H Turner
Influenza A virus (IAV) affects 5%-10% of the world's population every year. Through genome changes, many IAV strains develop resistance to currently available anti-influenza therapeutics. Therefore, there is an urgent need to find new targets for therapeutics against this important human respiratory pathogen. In this study, 2'-O-methyl and locked nucleic acid antisense oligonucleotides (ASOs) were designed to target internal regions of influenza A/California/04/2009 (H1N1) genomic viral RNA segment 8 (vRNA8) based on a base-pairing model of vRNA8...
October 2016: Nucleic Acid Therapeutics
Pei Zhou, San Huang, Weijie Zeng, Xin Zhang, Lifang Wang, Xinliang Fu, Shoujun Li
The H3N8 virus and the H3N2 virus are the main subtypes of canine influenza virus (CIV). H3N8 CIV mainly circulates in America, and H3N2 CIV mainly circulates in Asia. However, there was an outbreak of the Asian H3N2 virus in the United States (US) in 2015. Thus, it is important to evaluate the presence of subtype H3N8 virus in dogs in China. From May 2015 to November 2015, 600 sera from pet dogs were collected from Guangzhou, Shanghai, Beijing and Shenzhen for hemagglutination inhibition (HI) assays and microneutralization (MN) assays...
2016: PloS One
Li Jiang, Don Changsom, Hatairat Lerdsamran, Witthawat Wiriyarat, Wanibtisam Masamae, Pirom Noisumdaeng, Anan Jongkaewwattana, Pilaipan Puthavathana
Recombinant vaccinia viruses harboring the complete hemagglutinin (HA) or neuraminidase (NA) genes from the influenza A/Anhui/1/2013 (H7N9) virus were constructed (rVac-H7 HA and rVac-N9 NA viruses). The HA and NA proteins were expressed in the cytoplasm and on the plasma membrane of thymidine-kinase-negative (TK(-)) cells infected with these recombinant viruses. Only one form of the HA protein was expressed in infected TK(-) cells, with a molecular weight (MW) of 75 kDa, but three forms were found when the culture medium was supplemented with trypsin (MWs of 75, 50 and 27 kDa), which was similar to what was found in Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells infected with reverse genetic (rg) influenza viruses carrying HA genes of H7N9 virus origin...
October 2016: Archives of Virology
Scott A Secrest, Ajay Sharma
Canine influenza virus is an emerging, highly contagious, respiratory pathogen that has not previously been radiographically described. In this retrospective case series study, we describe the thoracic radiographic appearance of confirmed canine influenza virus in six dogs. Radiographic findings varied, but included abnormal unstructured interstitial (one) and unstructured interstitial and alveolar (five) pulmonary patterns, which were distributed cranioventral (four), diffuse (one), and caudodorsal (one). The right middle (five), left cranial (five), and right cranial (four) lung lobes were most commonly affected...
September 2016: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
Vivek K Bajpai, Na-Hyung Kim, Kangmin Kim, Sun Chul Kang
This research reports first time antiviral activity of sugiol, a diterpenoid isolated from Metasequoia glyptostroboides in terms of its ability to inhibit in vitro growth of H1N1 influenza virus. Antiviral potential of sugiol was evaluated through hcytopathogenic reduction assay using Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cell line. Sugiol (500 μg/ml) was found to exhibit considerable anti-cytopathic effect on MDCK cell line confirming its antiviral efficacy against H1N1 influenza virus. These findings strongly reinforce the suggestion that sugiol could be a candidate of choice in combinational regimen with potential antiviral efficacy...
May 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Kurtis H Feng, Miao Sun, Sho Iketani, Edward C Holmes, Colin R Parrish
The influenza PA-X protein is translated from the PA open reading frame from frameshifting and suppresses cellular gene expression due to its ribonuclease activity. We further defined the functional roles of PA-X by comparing PA-X proteins from two related viruses - equine influenza (EIV) and canine influenza (CIV) H3N8 - that differ in a C-terminal truncation and internal mutations. In vitro reporter gene assays revealed that both proteins were able to suppress gene expression. Interestingly, EIV PA-X demonstrated ~50% greater activity compared to CIV PA-X, and we identified the mutations that caused this difference...
September 2016: Virology
Elizabeth Bailey, Li-Ping Long, Nan Zhao, Jeffrey S Hall, John A Baroch, Jacqueline Nolting, Lucy Senter, Frederick L Cunningham, G Todd Pharr, Larry Hanson, Richard Slemons, Thomas J DeLiberto, Xiu-Feng Wan
Besides humans, H3 subtypes of influenza A viruses (IAVs) can infect various animal hosts, including avian, swine, equine, canine, and sea mammal species. These H3 viruses are both antigenically and genetically diverse. Here, we characterized the antigenic diversity of contemporary H3 avian IAVs recovered from migratory birds in North America. Hemagglutination inhibition (HI) assays were performed on 37 H3 isolates of avian IAVs recovered from 2007 to 2011 using generated reference chicken sera. These isolates were recovered from samples taken in the Atlantic, Mississippi, Central, and Pacific waterfowl migration flyways...
May 2016: Avian Diseases
Ta-Jen Lin, Chwan-Fwu Lin, Cheng-Hsun Chiu, Ming-Chung Lee, Jim-Tong Horng
Rhubarb (Rheum tanguticum; da-huang in Chinese medicine) is a herbal medicine that has been used widely for managing fever and removing toxicity. In this study, we investigated how rhubarb inhibits influenza virus during the early stage of the infectious cycle using different functional assays. A non-toxic ethanolic extract of rhubarb (Rex) inhibited several H1N1 subtypes of influenza A viruses in Madin-Darby canine kidney cells, including strains that are clinically resistant to oseltamivir. Time course analysis of Rex addition showed that viral entry was one of the steps that was inhibited by Rex...
2016: Scientific Reports
Kelvin K W To, Ka-Yi Mok, Andy S F Chan, Nam N Cheung, Pui Wang, Yin-Ming Lui, Jasper F W Chan, Honglin Chen, Kwok-Hung Chan, Richard Y T Kao, Kwok-Yung Yuen
Immunomodulators have been shown to improve the outcome of severe pneumonia. We have previously shown that mycophenolic acid (MPA), an immunomodulator, has antiviral activity against influenza A/WSN/1933(H1N1) using a high-throughput chemical screening assay. This study further investigated the antiviral activity and mechanism of action of MPA against contemporary clinical isolates of influenza A and B viruses. The 50 % cellular cytotoxicity (CC50) of MPA in Madin Darby canine kidney cell line was over 50 µM...
August 2016: Journal of General Virology
Dildar Hussain Kalhoro, Shanshan Gao, Xing Xie, Shan Liang, Su Luo, Yanbing Zhao, Yongjie Liu
BACKGROUND: Canine influenza virus (CIV) and Staphylococcus pseudintermedius (Sp) are pathogens that cause respiratory disease in dogs. Considering bacterial infections following influenza are a leading cause of illness and death, it is of particular meaning to investigate the interaction between these two pathogens. In this study, BALB/c mice were used as a mouse model to assess whether inoculation with CIV H3N2 followed by S. pseudintermedius 72 h later resulted in exacerbation of disease...
2016: BMC Veterinary Research
Eyüp Başaran, Ayşegül Karaküçük-Iyidoğan, Dominique Schols, Emine Elçin Oruç-Emre
Novel enantiopure 1,2,4-trizole-3-thiones containing a benzensulfonamide moiety were synthesized via multistep reaction sequence starting with D-phenylalanine methyl ester and L-phenylalanine ethyl ester as a source of chirality. The chemical structures of all compounds were characterized by elemental analysis, UV, IR, (1) H NMR, (13) C NMR, 2D NMR (HETCOR), and mass spectral data. All compounds were tested in vitro antiviral activity against a broad variety of DNA and RNA viruses and in vitro cytostatic activity against murine leukemia (L1210), human T-lymphocyte (CEM) and human cervix carcinoma (HeLa) cell lines...
June 2016: Chirality
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"