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Ashu Rastogi, Anish Bhattacharya, Mahesh Prakash, Sarika Sharma, Bhagwant R Mittal, Niranjan Khandelwal, Anil Bhansali
OBJECTIVE: Diabetic foot osteomyelitis (DFO) is difficult to diagnose in the presence of Charcot's neuroarthropathy (CN) and bone biopsy is not always possible. We aimed to assess the efficacy of PET/computed tomography using F-fluoride (F-fluoride PET/CT) and fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose-labeled autologous leukocytes (F-FDG-LL PET/CT) in comparison with contrast-enhanced MRI (CEMRI) for the detection of DFO. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty-two patients with chronic CN and foot ulcer suspected of having DFO were prospectively evaluated...
October 4, 2016: Nuclear Medicine Communications
A O'Loughlin, E Kellegher, C McCusker, R Canavan
BACKGROUND: Diabetic Charcot neuroarthropathy (DCN) is a devastating complication for people with diabetes mellitus. The failure to diagnose DCN and institute treatment in the acute phase leads to permanent deformity and significant morbidity. There is a paucity of data on the prevalence and characteristics of patients who have developed this complication of diabetes. AIMS: To determine the prevalence, clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients with DCN from 2006 to 2012...
October 6, 2016: Irish Journal of Medical Science
Patrick Goetti, Nicolas Gallusser, Olivier Borens
Diabetic osteoarthropathy is a rare cause of neuropathic joint disease of the knee; bilateral involvement is even more exceptional. Diagnosis is often made late due to its unspecific symptoms and appropriate surgical management still needs to be defined, due to lack of evidence because of the disease's low incidence. We report the case of a forty-year-old woman with history of diabetes type I who developed bilateral destructive Charcot knee arthropathy. Bilateral total knee arthroplasty was performed in order to achieve maximal functional outcome...
2016: Case Reports in Orthopedics
K Schara, R Štukelj, J L Krek, K Lakota, S Sodin-Šemrl, A J M Boulton, V Kralj-Iglič
It was the aim of this work to determine whether the plasma concentration of extracellular vesicles (EVs) in active Diabetic Charcot Neuroarthropathy (CN) is connected to the inflammatory markers, temperature elevation in the affected foot and concentration of soluble receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE). EVs were isolated from peripheral blood of 35 patients with active CN. EVs were counted after repetitive centrifugation and washing of samples, by flow cytometry. Foot temperature was measured by infrared thermometer...
September 13, 2016: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Dane K Wukich, Kimberlee B Hobizal, Tresa L Sambenedetto, Kristin Kirby, Bedda L Rosario
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to evaluate the outcomes of patients with diabetic foot osteomyelitis (DFO) compared to diabetic foot soft tissue infections (STIs). METHODS: 229 patients who were hospitalized with foot infections were retrospectively reviewed, identifying 155 patients with DFO and 74 patients with STI. Primary outcomes evaluated were the rates of amputations and length of hospital stay. DFO was confirmed by the presence of positive bone culture and/or histopathology...
August 22, 2016: Foot & Ankle International
Ji-Cheng Gong, Bing-Hua Zhou, Xu Tao, Cheng-Song Yuan, Kang-Lai Tang
BACKGROUND: Tibiotalocalcaneal arthrodesis with headless compression screws has not been previously reported. We hypothesized that these screws could be suitable for tibiotalocalcaneal arthrodesis because of their special design. This study aimed to evaluate the clinical outcomes of patients undergoing tibiotalocalcaneal arthrodesis with headless compression screws for the treatment of severe arthropathy of the ankle and subtalar joint. METHODS: From 2010 to 2015, 23 patients with severe ankle and subtalar arthropathy underwent tibiotalocalcaneal arthrodesis...
2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
C Stark, T Murray, C Gooday, I Nunney, R Hutchinson, D Loveday, K Dhatariya
BACKGROUND: Few data describe the natural history of Charcot neuroarthropathy treated with a total contact plaster cast (TCC). METHODS: A 5 year retrospective analysis of 50 patients presenting with an acute CN, Assessing time to clinical resolution into appropriate footwear and assessing if initial immobilisation device influenced resolution time. RESULTS: During the study period 42 patients (84%) of patients went into remission, 2 died during their treatment, 4 had major amputations, in 2 patients treatment was ongoing...
September 2016: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Michael Wilson
Simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplant (SPKT) is an accepted approach and the treatment of choice in patients with type 1 diabetes with accompanying end-stage renal disease. Charcot's neuroarthropathy of the foot (CN) is a fairly common and devastating complication found in patients with long-standing, mostly uncontrolled, diabetes. However, CN has also been identified as a posttransplant consequence of SPKT. Traditional postoperative immunosuppressive therapy, particularly the use of corticosteroids, is acknowledged as an additional risk factor for the development of de novo CN after SPKT...
July 2016: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
Ufuk Aydinli, Nilesh Kumar Mohan, Kursat Kara
BACKGROUND: Charcot spine arthropathy (posttraumatic neuroarthropathy of the spine) has been reported to be a very late and rare complication of spinal cord injury. Charcot of the cervicothoracic and upper thoracic region rarely is reported in the literature. Charcot spinal arthropathy is a cause of progressive deformity and may present as late as 30 years after the original spinal cord injury. This is more common in paraplegic patients who are actively ambulating. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 56-year-old patient with complete paraplegia for approximately 20 years after spinal cord injury presented with severe kyphous deformity and instability of thoracolumbar spine...
October 2016: World Neurosurgery
Paola Rizzo, Dario Pitocco, Francesco Zaccardi, Enrico Di Stasio, Rocky Strollo, Alessandro Rizzi, Giuseppe Scavone, Federica Costantini, Marco Galli, Giovanni Tinelli, Andrea Flex, Salvatore Caputo, Paolo Pozzilli, Raffaele Landolfi, Giovanni Ghirlanda, Ahuva Nissim
AIMS: Charcot neuroarthropathy (CN) is a disabling complication, culminating in bone destruction and involving joints and articular cartilage with high inflammatory environment. Its real pathogenesis is as yet unknown. In autoinflammatory diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis, characterized by inflammation and joint involvement, autoantibodies against oxidative post-translationally modified (oxPTM) collagen type I (CI) and type II (CII) were detected. Therefore, the aim of our study was to assess the potential involvement of autoimmunity in charcot neuroarthropathy, investigating the presence of autoantibodies oxPTM-CI and oxPTM-CII, in participants with charcot neuroarthropathy...
July 25, 2016: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
L Daniel Latt, Kathryn Elizabeth Smith, Kenneth Michael Dupont
: Hindfoot (tibiotalocalcaneal or TTC) arthrodesis is commonly used to treat concomitant arthritis of the ankle and subtalar joints. Simultaneous fusion of both joints can be difficult to achieve especially in patients with impaired healing due to smoking, diabetes mellitus, or Charcot neuroarthropathy. Conventional intramedullary fixation devices allow for compression to be applied at the time of surgery, but this compression can be lost due to bone resorption or settling, leading to impaired healing...
July 7, 2016: Foot & Ankle Specialist
Kyle S Peterson, W Drew Chapman, Christopher F Hyer, Gregory C Berlet
Tibiotalocalcaneal arthrodesis is a salvage procedure for severe hindfoot/ankle deformities, arthritis, avascular necrosis of the talus, failed total ankle replacement, and Charcot neuroarthropathy. The methods for fixation include anterior and lateral plates, screws, retrograde intramedullary nails, and external fixation. The purpose of the present report was to describe the short-term radiographic outcomes and technique using a posterior approach with an anatomic-specific locking plate for tibiotalocalcaneal arthrodesis...
September 2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Bayram Kelle, Tugba Dayanır, Didem Arslan Tas, Erkan Kozanoglu
Charcot's neuroarthropathy (CNA) is a destructive disease associated with a reduced proprioceptive sensation. Diabetes mellitus (DM) is one of the most common etiological factor for CNA which typically affects ankles and small joints of feet. Neuroarthropathy seen in upper extremity in patients with DM is a rare clinical condition. In this report, we presented a case of CNA with hand involvement who had type-II DM. Neuroarthropathy was rapidly progressed and destructive changes were observed in right hand joints after a minor trauma in current case...
February 6, 2016: Acta Clinica Belgica
Luke N Ledbetter, Karen L Salzman, R Kent Sanders, Lubdha M Shah
Spinal neuroarthropathy (SNA), or Charcot spine, is a progressive destructive arthropathy occurring after loss of neuroprotective sensation and proprioceptive reflexes. Clinical diagnosis is difficult because of the variable length to presentation after initial neurologic damage and the limited symptoms given preexisting neurologic deficits. SNA is also a diagnostic challenge because its imaging features are similar to those of spinal conditions such as discitis-osteomyelitis, osseous tuberculosis, hemodialysis-related spondyloarthropathy, and pseudarthrosis...
May 2016: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Dane K Wukich, Katherine M Raspovic, Natalie C Suder
Charcot neuroarthropathy (CN) is a serious complication of diabetes mellitus (DM) that can lead to pedal ulceration, infection, hospitalization, and amputation. Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is also found in patients with diabetic foot disease; however, its prevalence in patients with CN has not been extensively evaluated. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence of PAD in a group of patients with CN (with and without ulceration) and compare this to a group of patients with diabetic foot ulceration (DFU) and no CN...
July 2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Lisa K Burson, Christopher H Schank
Charcot neuropathy is a painless, progressive, degeneration most notably of the ankle or midfoot joints, seen in patients with diabetes and neuropathy. This article will describe the etiology, diagnosis, and treatment of this potentially debilitating joint disease and provide implications for home care clinicians.
March 2016: Home Healthcare Now
Ibrahim S Al-Busaidi, Rhett Mason, Helen Lunt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: New Zealand Medical Journal
Sarah Ettinger, Christina Stukenborg-Colsman, Christian Plaass, Daiwei Yao, Leif Claassen, Stefan Berger, Hazibullah Waizy, Christoph Maria Becher, Kiriakos Daniilidis
INTRODUCTION: Tibiocalcaneal (TC) arthrodesis is a limb salvage method for patients with severe deformities combined with necrosis and/or luxation of the talus. The aim of this study was to examine the clinical and radiological outcome of TC arthrodesis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study identified 12 patients with luxation and/or necrosis of the talus, due to charcot neuroarthropathy (83.3 %) or traumatic injuries (16.7 %). All patients underwent TC arthrodesis by an external fixator or nail arthrodesis...
April 2016: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Jonathan M Labovitz, David W Shofler, Kevin K Ragothaman
AIMS: The purpose of this study was to portray the impact of comorbidities on inpatient cost and utilization in Charcot neuroarthropathy (CN) patients. METHODS: Two cohorts, CN and diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN), were identified by ICD-9 codes in the California Office for Statewide Health Planning and Development 2009-2012 public patient discharge files. DPN and CN costs and length of stay (LOS) were compared adjusting for the number of chronic conditions...
May 2016: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
Brian J Schneekloth, Nicholas J Lowery, Dane K Wukich
Charcot neuroarthropathy (CN) of the foot and ankle is a demanding clinical dilemma, and surgical management can be very complicated. Historically, the evidence guiding surgical management of CN has been small retrospective case series and expert opinions. The purpose of the present report was to provide a systematic review of studies published from 2009 to 2014 and to review the indications for surgery. A Medline search was performed, and a systematic review of studies discussing the surgical management of CN was undertaken...
May 2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
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