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stress cancer

Meijun Song, Hongcheng Wu, Shibo Wu, Ting Ge, Guoan Wang, Yingyan Zhou, Shimo Sheng, Jingbo Jiang
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death worldwide and its clinical management remains challenge. Here, we repurposed antibiotic levofloxacin for lung cancer treatment. We show that levofloxacin is effectively against a panel of lung cancer cell lines via inhibiting proliferation and inducing apoptosis, regardless of cellular origin and genetic pattern, in in vitro cell culture system and in vivo xenograft lung tumor model. Mechanistically, levofloxacin inhibits activities of mitochondrial electron transport chain complex I and III, leading to inhibition of mitochondrial respiration and reduction of ATP production...
October 22, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Minju Im, Aeyung Kim, Jin Yeul Ma
Gardeniae Fructus (GF, Zhi Zi in China), a fruit of Gardenia jasminoides Ellis, has been used in traditional medicine to reduce inflammation and headache and to treat hepatic disorders, hypertension, and icterus. In recent studies, extract of raw or stir-baked GF was shown to have pharmacological activities for viral infection, thrombosis, hyperlipidemia, convulsion, inflammation, oxidative stress, and others. In addition, baked GF extract suppressed the proteolytic activities and altered the cellular morphology of tumor cells...
October 20, 2016: International Journal of Oncology
Ahmad Salimi, Mehryar Habibi Roudkenar, Leila Sadeghi, Alireza Mohseni, Enayatollah Seydi, Nahal Pirahmadi, Jalal Pourahmad
The present study investigates the in vitro and in vivo effect of acacetin (4'-methoxy-5,7-dihydroxyflavone) on chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) B-lymphocytes and mitochondria. CLL B-lymphocytes and healthy B-lymphocytes were obtained from CLL patients and healthy donors, respectively. Mitochondria were isolated from B-lymphocytes of both groups. Xenografts in severe combined immune deficient mice were used to examine the toxicity and anti CLL activity of acacetin. We evaluated and compared the mechanism of action of acacetin on CLL and healthy B-lymphocytes and their mitochondria...
October 25, 2016: Nutrition and Cancer
Iben Lyskjær, Mads H Rasmussen, Claus L Andersen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 25, 2016: Epigenomics
Gizem Ölmezer, Maryna Levikova, Dominique Klein, Benoît Falquet, Gabriele Alessandro Fontana, Petr Cejka, Ulrich Rass
Cells have evolved mechanisms to protect, restart and repair perturbed replication forks, allowing full genome duplication, even under replication stress. Interrogating the interplay between nuclease-helicase Dna2 and Holliday junction (HJ) resolvase Yen1, we find the Dna2 helicase activity acts parallel to homologous recombination (HR) in promoting DNA replication and chromosome detachment at mitosis after replication fork stalling. Yen1, but not the HJ resolvases Slx1-Slx4 and Mus81-Mms4, safeguards chromosome segregation by removing replication intermediates that escape Dna2...
October 25, 2016: Nature Communications
Junmin Zhang, Juan Yao, Shoujiao Peng, Xinming Li, Jianguo Fang
Thioredoxin reductase (TrxR) and thioredoxin (Trx) are two major components of the thioredoxin system, which plays essential roles in regulating cellular redox signaling. Mammalian TrxRs are essential seleno-flavoenzymes with a conserved penultimate selenocysteine (Sec) residue at the C-terminus, and have attracted considerable interests as promising targets for anticancer drugs. Securinine (SCR), a major active alkaloid lactone from the Chinese herbal medicine Securinega suffruticosa, has been established clinical success in treatment of neurological disorders...
October 21, 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Hanen Ferjani, Hossam Draz, Salwa Abid, Abedellatif Achour, Hassen Bacha, Imen Boussema-Ayed
Tacrolimus (TAC) and mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) are common immunosuppressive drugs used to avoid immunological rejection of transplanted organs. The risk of developing cancer is the most critical complication in organ transplant recipients undergoing immunosuppressive therapy. This study aims to explore the cytotoxic and genotoxic effects of TAC and MMF alone or combined orally administrated on spleen and bone marrow of Wistar rats. Our results showed that TAC (2.4; 24 and 60mg/kg) and MMF (5; 50 and 125mg/kg) induced a genotoxic effect on rat bone marrow...
November 1, 2016: Mutation Research
Marko Gerić, Ana Marija Domijan, Valentina Gluščić, Renato Janušić, Božena Šarčević, Vera Garaj-Vrhovac
Since the incidence of cancer has increased over the years, adequate prevention programmes are needed. Thyroid cancer is one of the fastest growing cancer types in the world. In this study we performed a case-control study of 100 untreated patients with thyroid diseases (papillary thyroid cancer, follicular thyroid adenoma, and other thyroid diseases) and 100 control volunteers. Oxidative status differed among the two investigated groups. The patients' group had 1.60-fold higher concentrations of malondialdehyde and 1...
November 1, 2016: Mutation Research
Henrieta Škovierová, Eva Vidomanová, Silvia Mahmood, Janka Sopková, Anna Drgová, Tatiana Červeňová, Erika Halašová, Ján Lehotský
Homocysteine (Hcy) is a sulfur-containing non-proteinogenic amino acid derived in methionine metabolism. The increased level of Hcy in plasma, hyperhomocysteinemia, is considered to be an independent risk factor for cardio and cerebrovascular diseases. However, it is still not clear if Hcy is a marker or a causative agent of diseases. More and more research data suggest that Hcy is an important indicator for overall health status. This review represents the current understanding of molecular mechanism of Hcy metabolism and its link to hyperhomocysteinemia-related pathologies in humans...
October 20, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Elisabeth Bezine, Yann Malaisé, Aurore Loeuillet, Marianne Chevalier, Elisa Boutet-Robinet, Bernard Salles, Gladys Mirey, Julien Vignard
The Cytolethal Distending Toxin (CDT), produced by many bacteria, has been associated with various diseases including cancer. CDT induces DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs), leading to cell death or mutagenesis if misrepaired. At low doses of CDT, other DNA lesions precede replication-dependent DSB formation, implying that non-DSB repair mechanisms may contribute to CDT cell resistance. To address this question, we developed a proliferation assay using human cell lines specifically depleted in each of the main DNA repair pathways...
October 24, 2016: Scientific Reports
Cong Wang, Yibo Gao, Xinghua Gao, Hua Wang, Jingxuan Tian, Li Wang, Bingpu Zhou, Ziran Ye, Jun Wan, Weijia Wen
A highly efficient photochromic hydrogel was successfully fabricated via casting precursor, which is based on amorphous tungsten oxide and poly (ethylene oxide)-block-poly (propylene oxide)-block-poly (ethylene oxide). Under simulated solar illumination, the hydrogel has a rapid and controlled temperature increasing ratio as its coloration degree. Localized electrons in the amorphous tungsten oxide play a vital role in absorption over a broad range of wavelengths from 400 nm to 1100 nm, encompassing the entire visible light and infrared regions in the solar spectrum...
October 24, 2016: Scientific Reports
A Blomme, B Costanza, P de Tullio, M Thiry, G Van Simaeys, S Boutry, G Doumont, E Di Valentin, T Hirano, T Yokobori, S Gofflot, O Peulen, A Bellahcène, F Sherer, C Le Goff, E Cavalier, A Mouithys-Mickalad, F Jouret, P G Cusumano, E Lifrange, R N Muller, S Goldman, P Delvenne, E De Pauw, M Nishiyama, V Castronovo, A Turtoi
Myoferlin is a multiple C2-domain-containing protein that regulates membrane repair, tyrosine kinase receptor function and endocytosis in myoblasts and endothelial cells. Recently it has been reported as overexpressed in several cancers and shown to contribute to proliferation, migration and invasion of cancer cells. We have previously demonstrated that myoferlin regulates epidermal growth factor receptor activity in breast cancer. In the current study, we report a consistent overexpression of myoferlin in triple-negative breast cancer cells (TNBC) over cells originating from other breast cancer subtypes...
October 24, 2016: Oncogene
Morgan S Schrock, Jenna R Karras, Matthew J Guggenbiller, Teresa Druck, Bahadir Batar, Kay Huebner
Expression of Fhit and Wwox protein is frequently lost or reduced in many human cancers. In this report, we provide data that further characterizes the molecular consequences of Fhit loss in the initiation of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs), and of Wwox loss in altered repair of DSBs. We show that loss of Fhit initiates mild genome instability in early passage mouse kidney cells, confirming that DNA damage associated with Fhit-deficiency is not limited to cancer cells. We also demonstrate that the cause of Fhit-deficient DSBs: thymidine deficiency-induced replication stress, can be resolved with thymidine supplementation in early passage mouse kidney cells before extensive genome instability occurs...
September 26, 2016: Advances in Biological Regulation
Niya Xiong, Shun Li, Kai Tang, Hongxia Bai, Yueting Peng, Hong Yang, Chunhui Wu, Yiyao Liu
Tumor cells translocating to distant sites are subjected to hemodynamic shear forces during their passage in the blood vessels. Low shear stress (LSS) plays a critical role in the regulation of various aspects of tumor cells functions, including motility and adhesion. Beyond its structural role, caveolin-1 (Cav-1), the important component of caveolae, represents a modulator of several cancer-associated functions as tumor progression and metastasis. However, the role of Cav-1 in regulating tumor cells response to shear stress remains poorly explored...
October 20, 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Angélica Torres-Berrío, Juan Pablo Lopez, Rosemary C Bagot, Dominique Nouel, Gregory Dal Bo, Santiago Cuesta, Lei Zhu, Colleen Manitt, Conrad Eng, Helen M Cooper, Kai-Florian Storch, Gustavo Turecki, Eric J Nestler, Cecilia Flores
BACKGROUD: Variations in the expression of the Netrin-1 guidance cue receptor DCC (deleted in colorectal cancer) appear to confer resilience or susceptibility to psychopathologies involving prefrontal cortex (PFC) dysfunction. METHODS: With the use of postmortem brain tissue, mouse models of defeat stress, and in vitro analysis, we assessed microRNA (miRNA) regulation of DCC and whether changes in DCC levels in the PFC lead to vulnerability to depression-like behaviors...
August 18, 2016: Biological Psychiatry
Shankar Suman, Yogeshwer Shukla
Diallyl sulfide (C6H10S, DAS) is one of the novel natural organosulfur compounds, which is mostly obtained from the genus Allium plants. Numerous studies have revealed several unique properties of DAS in terms of its health-promoting effects. DAS has proved to be anticancer, antimicrobial, anti-angiogenic, and immunomodulatory like unique functions as demonstrated by the multiple investigations. Diallyl sulfide can also impede oxidative stress and chronic inflammation as suggested by the literature. Studies also explored that DAS could thwart the development of chronic diseases like cancer, neuronal, cardiovascular disease through modulating mechanistic pathways involved in pathogenesis...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Camila Cristina Guimarães Nobre, Josélio Maria Galvão de Araújo, Thales Allyrio Araújo de Medeiros Fernandes, Ricardo Ney Oliveira Cobucci, Daniel Carlos Ferreira Lanza, Vânia Sousa Andrade, José Veríssimo Fernandes
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) emerged in recent years as an important inflammation mediator, playing a prominent role in the pathogenesis of various types of malignant neoplasm. MIF is a glycoprotein that presents a wide spectrum of biological activities and exerts a complex interaction with various cellular signaling pathways, causing imbalance of homeostasis. Experimental and clinical studies show that high levels of MIF are found in almost all types of human cancers and are implicated in seemingly all stages of development of the tumors...
October 23, 2016: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
Cristina Talarico, Vincenzo Dattilo, Lucia D'Antona, Miranda Menniti, Cataldo Bianco, Francesco Ortuso, Stefano Alcaro, Silvia Schenone, Nicola Perrotti, Rosario Amato
The serum- and glucocorticoid-regulated kinase (SGK) family consists of three members, SGK1, SGK2 and SGK3, all displaying serine/threonine kinase activity and sharing structural and functional similarities with the AKT family of kinases. SGK1 was originally described as a key enzyme in the hormonal regulation of several ion channels and pumps. Over time, growing and impressive evidence has been accumulated, linking SGK1 to the cell survival, de-differentiation, cell cycle control, regulation of caspases, response to chemical, mechanical and oxidative injury in cancer models as well as to the control of mitotic stability...
October 24, 2016: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Aaron Wilson, Vasily A Yakovlev
Cancer development and progression have been linked to oxidative stress, a condition characterized by unbalanced increase in ROS and RNS production. The main endogenous initiators of the redox imbalance in cancer cells are defective mitochondria, elevated NOX activity, and uncoupled NOS3. Traditionally, most attention has been paid to direct oxidative damage to DNA by certain ROS. However, increase in oxidative DNA lesions does not always lead to malignancy. Hence, additional ROS-dependent, pro-carcinogenic mechanisms must be important...
October 19, 2016: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
Katherine E Tierney, Lingyun Ji, Shannon S Dralla, Eunjeong Yoo, Annie Yessaian, Huyen Q Pham, Lynda Roman, Richard Sposto, Paulette Mhawech-Fauceglia, Yvonne G Lin
: Glucose-regulated protein (GRP)-78, the key regulator of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, is associated with endometrial cancer (EC) development and progression. However, its role in the continuum from complex atypical hyperplasia (CAH) to EC is unknown and the focus of this study. METHODS: 252 formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded endometrial biopsies from patients with CAH diagnosed between 2003 and 2011 were evaluated for GRP78 expression by immunohistochemistry...
October 19, 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
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