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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130386/searching-for-god-illness-related-mortality-threats-and-religious-search-volume-in-google-in-16-nations
#1
Brett W Pelham, Mitsuru Shimizu, Jamie Arndt, Mauricio Carvallo, Sheldon Solomon, Jeff Greenberg
We tested predictions about religiosity and terror management processes in 16 nations. Specifically, we examined weekly variation in Google search volume in each nation for 12 years (all weeks for which data were available). In all 16 nations, higher than usual weekly Google search volume for life-threatening illnesses (cancer, diabetes, and hypertension) predicted increases in search volume for religious content (e.g., God, Jesus, prayer) in the following week. This effect held up after controlling for (a) recent past and annual variation in religious search volume, (b) increases in search volume associated with religious holidays, and (c) variation in searches for a non-life-threatening illness ("sore throat")...
November 1, 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125536/are-some-of-the-cigar-warnings-mandated-in-the-u-s-more-believable-than-others
#2
Kristen L Jarman, Sarah D Kowitt, Jennifer Cornacchione Ross, Adam O Goldstein
Background: Text warnings are mandated on cigars sold in the United States (U.S.), however little published research has examined effectiveness of cigar warnings. This is the first study examining the believability of cigar warnings among adults in the U.S. Methods: Adults in the U.S. (n = 5014) were randomized in a phone survey to receive one of three cigar-specific mandated warning messages ("Cigar smoking can cause cancers of the mouth and throat, even if you do not inhale", "Cigar smoking can cause lung cancer and heart disease", and "Cigars are not a safe alternative to cigarettes") with one of four warning sources (no source, Surgeon General, CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention), FDA (Food and Drug Administration))...
November 10, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080459/acute-toxicity-study-and-anti-nociceptive-activity-of-bauhinia-acuminata-linn-leaf-extracts-in-experimental-animal-models
#3
Ashika V Padgaonkar, Sachin V Suryavanshi, Vaishali Y Londhe, Yogesh A Kulkarni
Bauhinia acuminata commonly known as dwarf white orchid tree is traditionally used to treat acute and chronic pain, skin ailments, cancer, diabetes, throat infections and asthma. As there were no scientific reports on use of Bauhinia acuminata for anti-nociceptive activity, the present study was designed to evaluate possible effects of aqueous and alcoholic extracts in experimentally induced pain in animals. Acute toxicity was carried out as per OECD guideline 423. The anti-nociceptive activity was evaluated in Swiss albino mice by hot plate, acetic acid induced writhing and tail immersion tests at three different dose levels (250, 500 and 1000mg/kg) of aqueous and alcoholic extracts...
October 25, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058083/exercise-program-design-considerations-for-head-and-neck-cancer-survivors
#4
Adrian W Midgley, Derek Lowe, Andrew R Levy, Vishal Mepani, Simon N Rogers
The present study aimed to establish exercise preferences, barriers, and perceived benefits among head and neck cancer survivors, as well as their level of interest in participating in an exercise program. Patients treated for primary squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck between 2010 and 2014 were identified from the hospital database and sent a postal questionnaire pack to establish exercise preferences, barriers, perceived benefits, current physical activity levels, and quality of life. A postal reminder was sent to non-responders 4 weeks later...
October 20, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966962/measuring-oral-mucositis-of-pediatric-patients-with-cancer-a-psychometric-evaluation-of-chinese-version-of-the-oral-mucositis-daily-questionnaire
#5
Karis Kin Fong Cheng, Wan Yim Ip, Vincent Lee, Chak Ho Li, Hui Leung Yuen, Joel B Epstein
OBJECTIVE: Oral mucositis is a frequent clinical condition that has been shown to affect pediatric cancer patients. Oral Mucositis Daily Questionnaire (OMDQ) is one of the few available patient-reported outcome measures to assess the extent and impact of oral mucositis. The objectives of the study were to translate the Mouth and Throat Soreness-Related Questions of the OMDQ into Chinese (OMDQ MTS-Ch) for children and adolescents aged 6-18 years receiving chemotherapy and to evaluate its psychometric properties...
October 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960348/low-viral-load-of-merkel-cell-polyomavirus-in-iranian-patients-with-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma-is-it-clinically-important
#6
Elham Mohebbi, Zahra Noormohamadi, Habib Sadeghi-Rad, Farzin Sadeghi, Yousef Yahyapour, Farzam Vaziri, Ayoub Rahimi, Fatemeh Rahimi Jamnani, Saman Mehrabi, Seyed D Siadat, Mohammad R Noori-Daloii, Abolfazl Fateh
Recent studies show that the human Merkel cell polyomavirus (MCPyV) may be involved in causing cancer. The objective of this study was to assess the impact of MCPyV on the development of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). In total, 50 paraffin-embedded HNSCC biopsy samples and 50 adjacent non-cancerous samples were evaluated for the presence of MCPyV DNA and RNA. Among patients, the five most frequent histopathologic sites were the tongue (22.0%), lip (16.0%), submandibular (14.0%), cheek (14.0%), and throat (14...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954408/history-and-outcome-of-febrile-neutropenia-outside-the-oncology-setting-a-retrospective-study-of-76-cases-related-to-non-chemotherapy-drugs
#7
Emmanuel Andrès, Rachel Mourot-Cottet, Frédéric Maloisel, Olivier Keller, Thomas Vogel, François Séverac, Martine Tebacher, Jacques-Eric Gottenberg, Jean-Christophe Weber, Georges Kaltenbach, Bernard Goichot, Jean Sibilia, Anne-Sophie Korganow, Raoul Herbrecht
BACKGROUND: Despite major advances in its prevention and treatment, febrile neutropenia remains a most concerning complication of cancer chemotherapy. Outside the oncology setting, however, only few data are currently available on febrile neutropenia related to non-chemotherapy drugs. We report here data on 76 patients with febrile neutropenia related to non-chemotherapy drugs, followed up in a referral center within a university hospital. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data from 76 patients with idiosyncratic drug-induced febrile neutropenia were retrospectively reviewed...
September 26, 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944126/oral-hygiene-practices-and-teeth-cleaning-techniques-among-medical-students
#8
Sajida Naseem, Syeda H Fatima, Haider Ghazanfar, Sana Haq, Najeeb A Khan, Moeez Mehmood, Ali Ghazanfar
Objectives Oral health is essential for general health and quality of life. It is a state of being free from mouth and facial pain, oral and throat cancer, oral infections and sores, periodontal disease, tooth decay, tooth loss, and other diseases and disorders that limit an individual's capacity to bite, chew, smile, and speak; it affects psychosocial well-being too. The objective of our study was to assess teeth cleaning techniques and oral hygiene practices among medical students. Methods The data of the study were collected in two stages...
July 18, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935732/complete-genome-sequences-of-emm111-type-streptococcus-pyogenes-strain-gur-with-antitumor-activity-and-its-derivative-strain-gursa1-with-an-inactivated-emm-gene
#9
Maria A Suvorova, Anna N Tsapieva, Emilie Glad Bak, Valery A Chereshnev, Ekaterina P Kiseleva, Alexander N Suvorov, Manimozhiyan Arumugam
We present here the complete genome sequence of Streptococcus pyogenes type emm111 strain GUR, a throat isolate from a scarlet fever patient, which has been used to treat cancer patients in the former Soviet Union. We also present the complete genome sequence of its derivative strain GURSA1 with an inactivated emm gene.
September 21, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914009/luminescent-diagnostics-of-skin-defects-in-the-near-infrared-range
#10
Yuriy V Alekseev, Valentina D Rumyantseva, Anastasiya S Gorshkova, Anastasiya E Shchelkunova, Igor P Shilov, Andrey V Ivanov
Photodynamic therapy becomes a widely spread method due to cancer growth in the world. However, to detect tumors at early stages, it is necessary to carry out diagnostic measures in a timely manner. Our aim was to test the developed pharmaceutical composition, which can be used for external application in early fluorescent diagnostics even in the absence of visual changes, as well as for therapy effectiveness control. Pharmacokinetic studies on laboratory animals and volunteers were carried out. The results have shown that the dipotassium salt of Yb3+-dimethoxyhematoporphyrin IX, which is highly soluble in water and stable in storage, is a promising marker for earlier diagnostics of tumors and can be used in dermatology, dentistry, gynecology, cosmetology, ear, nose, and throat diseases, veterinary, and in other areas of medicine...
September 2017: Journal of Biomedical Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888224/long-term-patient-reported-outcomes-following-radiation-therapy-for-oropharyngeal-cancer-cross-sectional-assessment-of-a-prospective-symptom-survey-in-patients-%C3%A2-65%C3%A2-years-old
#11
Salman A Eraj, Mona K Jomaa, Crosby D Rock, Abdallah S R Mohamed, Blaine D Smith, Joshua B Smith, Theodora Browne, Luke C Cooksey, Bowman Williams, Brandi Temple, Kathryn E Preston, Jeremy M Aymard, Neil D Gross, Randal S Weber, Amy C Hessel, Renata Ferrarotto, Jack Phan, Erich M Sturgis, Ehab Y Hanna, Steven J Frank, William H Morrison, Ryan P Goepfert, Stephen Y Lai, David I Rosenthal, Tito R Mendoza, Charles S Cleeland, Kate A Hutcheson, Clifton D Fuller, Adam S Garden, G Brandon Gunn
BACKGROUND: Given the potential for older patients to experience exaggerated toxicity and symptoms, this study was performed to characterize patient reported outcomes in older patients following definitive radiation therapy (RT) for oropharyngeal cancer (OPC). METHODS: Cancer-free head and neck cancer survivors (>6 months since treatment completion) were eligible for participation in a questionnaire-based study. Participants completed the MD Anderson Symptom Inventory-Head and Neck module (MDASI-HN)...
September 9, 2017: Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866829/an-investigation-of-the-prevalence-of-swallowing-difficulties-and-impact-on-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-advanced-lung-cancer
#12
Grainne C Brady, Justin W G Roe, Mary O' Brien, Annette Boaz, Clare Shaw
BACKGROUND: Dysphagia can occur in advanced lung cancer due to direct tumour invasion or nerve compression. Anti-cancer treatments and co-morbid conditions may also cause or compound dysphagic symptoms. Speech and language therapy (SLT), medical and surgical interventions are available to address dysphagic symptoms in patients with lung cancer, however, management options are not described in national guidelines. Given the potentially short prognoses for patients with lung cancer, the aim of care should be to reduce symptom burden and maximise quality of life (QOL)...
September 2, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864539/signals-from-the-adipose-microenvironment-and-the-obesity-cancer-link-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Caroline Himbert, Mahmoud Delphan, Dominique Scherer, Laura W Bowers, Stephen Hursting, Cornelia M Ulrich
Obesity and its associated metabolic dysregulation are established risk factors for many cancers. However, the biologic mechanisms underlying this relationship remain incompletely understood. Given the rising rates of both obesity and cancer worldwide, and the challenges for many people to lose excess adipose tissue, a systematic approach to identify potential molecular and metabolic targets is needed to develop effective mechanism-based strategies for the prevention and control of obesity-driven cancer. Epidemiologic, clinical, and preclinical data suggest that within the growth-promoting, proinflammatory microenvironment accompanying obesity, crosstalk between adipose tissue (comprised of adipocytes, macrophages and other cells) and cancer-prone cells may occur via obesity-associated hormones, cytokines, and other mediators that have been linked to increased cancer risk and/or progression...
September 2017: Cancer Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860813/low-versus-high-radioiodine-activity-for-ablation-of-the-thyroid-remnant-after-thyroidectomy-in-han-chinese-with-low-risk-differentiated-thyroid-cancer
#14
Rong-Bin Lv, Qing-Gang Wang, Chao Liu, Fang Liu, Qing Zhao, Jian-Guo Han, Dao-Ling Ren, Bin Liu, Cheng-Li Li
AIM: The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and adverse effects of radioiodine ((131)I) therapy between two groups of patients with low-risk differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) who received 30 mCi or 100 mCi radioiodine for ablation of the thyroid remnant after total thyroidectomy. METHODS: The study cohort was 173 patients, 85 of whom were given 30 mCi of radioiodine and the others were given 100 mCi of radioiodine. Follow-up involved neck ultrasonography, measurement of serum levels of thyroglobulin and whole-body scans to evaluate the response of radioiodine treatment...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859039/clinical-profile-and-outcome-of-influenza-a-h1n1-in-pediatric-oncology-patients-during-the-2015-outbreak-a-single-center-experience-from-northern-india
#15
Nishant Verma, Vishal Pooniya, Archana Kumar
BACKGROUND: Owing to their immunocompromised status, childhood cancer patients on chemotherapy are at a greater risk for Influenza infection and its associated complications. There is limited data available on the clinical profile and outcome of Influenza A/H1N1 in this subset of patients. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed of Influenza A/H1N1 cases diagnosed between January 2015 to December 2015 in the in-patients of Pediatric Oncology unit of a tertiary care hospital from Northern India...
October 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839865/transnasal-endoscopy-no-gagging-no-panic
#16
Clare Parker, Estratios Alexandridis, John Plevris, James O'Hara, Simon Panter
BACKGROUND: Transnasal endoscopy (TNE) is performed with an ultrathin scope via the nasal passages and is increasingly used. This review covers the technical characteristics, tolerability, safety and acceptability of TNE and also diagnostic accuracy, use as a screening tool and therapeutic applications. It includes practical advice from an ear, nose, throat (ENT) specialist to optimise TNE practice, identify ENT pathology and manage complications. METHODS: A Medline search was performed using the terms "transnasal", "ultrathin", "small calibre", "endoscopy", "EGD" to identify relevant literature...
October 2016: Frontline Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815307/clinical-outcomes-after-local-anesthesia-with-monitored-anesthesia-care-during-thyroidectomy-and-selective-neck-dissection-a-randomized-study
#17
Min-Su Kim, Bo-Hae Kim, Young Eun Han, Dong Woo Nam, J Hun Hah
Although thyroidectomy under local anesthesia with monitored anesthesia care (LA-MAC) has been reported, reports of neck dissections beyond level VI under LA-MAC in patients with thyroid cancer are rare. We aimed to analyze clinical data and patient satisfaction levels during thyroidectomy and selective neck dissection by comparing LA-MAC and general anesthesia (GA) in adult patients undergoing these surgeries for thyroid cancer. The 60 enrolled patients comprised 50 patients that underwent thyroidectomy and 10 that underwent selective neck dissection; 30 underwent thyroidectomy (n = 25) or selective neck dissection (n = 5) under LA-MAC and 30 (matched patients) underwent thyroidectomy (n = 25) or selective neck dissection (n = 5) under GA...
August 16, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801511/paraneoplastic-mucous-membrane-pemphigoid-with-ocular-and-laryngeal-involvement
#18
Silvia Lambiel, Pavel Dulguerov, Emmanuel Laffitte, Igor Leuchter
A 73-year-old woman was treated 8 years previously for synchronous breast and uterine neoplasms. She presented with a severe sore throat, odynophagia, dysphonia, dyspnoea, ocular irritation and weight loss over the last 3 months. Physical examination revealed ulcerations in the oral cavity, posterior pharyngeal wall and supraglottic larynx, nasal crusting, bilateral conjunctivitis and three cutaneous blisters. A diagnosis of anti-laminin 5 mucous membrane pemphigoid was retained, based on skin biopsy, direct immunofluorescence and immunoprecipitation...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762075/incidence-and-5-year-survival-rate-for-head-and-neck-cancers-in-grenada-compared-to-the-african-american-population-over-the-period-1991-2010
#19
Maira du Plessis, Robert Hage
Very little data exist on the incidence and burden of cancer in the individual Caribbean countries. Some data are available for larger areas, reported under a bigger geographical region; Latin America and the Caribbean, but many of the individual countries are not included. One of the main reasons is a lack of official cancer registries. Data are usually collected from hospital records or private physician records, and since it is not in an official registry, these data are not always accessible for inclusion in databases such as SEER and GLOBOCAN...
July 31, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710395/alterations-of-microbiota-structure-in-the-larynx-relevant-to-laryngeal-carcinoma
#20
Hongli Gong, Yi Shi, Xiyan Xiao, Pengyu Cao, Chunping Wu, Lei Tao, Dongsheng Hou, Yuezhu Wang, Liang Zhou
The microbial communities that inhabit the laryngeal mucosa build stable microenvironments and have the potential to influence the health of the human throat. However, the associations between the microbiota structure and laryngeal carcinoma remain uncertain. Here, we explored this question by comparing the laryngeal microbiota structure in laryngeal cancer patients with that in control subjects with vocal cord polyps through high-throughput pyrosequencing. Overall, the genera Streptococcus, Fusobacterium, and Prevotella were prevalent bacterial populations in the laryngeal niche...
July 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
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