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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888379/medical-co-morbidities-among-patients-with-severe-mental-illnesses-in-a-community-health-facility-in-nigeria
#1
Victor Olufolahan Lasebikan, Joachim Azegbeobor
To examine prevalence of medical comorbidity (MCM) in schizophrenia (n = 1310) and in bipolar disorder (n = 1307) and the association of high burden of MCM (≥3 MCM) with duration of untreated illness, number of episodes, functioning, poly-medication and lifetime hospitalization for the mental disorder. Participants were recruited from a private psychiatric facility in Ibadan, Nigeria between 2004 and 2013 and enquiry made about the lifetime occurrence of 20 common chronic diseases including common tropical diseases...
November 25, 2016: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880744/notice-to-readers-final-2015-reports-of-nationally-notifiable-infectious-diseases-and-conditions
#2
(no author information available yet)
The table listed in this report on pages 1307-1321 presents finalized data, as of June 30, 2016, from the National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System (NNDSS) for 2015. These data will be published in more detail in the Summary of Notifiable Infectious Diseases and Conditions - United States, 2015 (1). Because no cases were reported in the United States during 2015, the following diseases do not appear in this early release table: anthrax; dengue hemorrhagic fever; diphtheria; eastern equine encephalitis virus disease, nonneuroinvasive; poliomyelitis, paralytic; poliovirus infection, nonparalytic; severe acute respiratory syndrome-associated coronavirus disease (SARS-CoV); smallpox; western equine encephalitis virus disease, neuroinvasive and nonneuroinvasive; yellow fever; and viral hemorrhagic fevers...
November 25, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867824/safety-of-heparin-bridging-therapy-for-transrectal-ultrasound-guided-prostate-biopsy-in-patients-requiring-temporary-discontinuation-of-antithrombotic-agents
#3
Itsuto Hamano, Shingo Hatakeyama, Tohru Yoneyama, Yuki Tobisawa, Osamu Soma, Teppei Matsumoto, Hayato Yamamoto, Atsushi Imai, Takahiro Yoneyama, Yasuhiro Hashimoto, Takuya Koie, Chikara Ohyama
BACKGROUND: Safety of heparin bridging therapy for transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate (TRUS) biopsy in patients requiring temporary discontinuation of antithrombotic therapy is unknown. This study aimed to assess the relationship between heparin bridging therapy and the incidence of complications after TRUS biopsy. METHODS: From January 2005 to November 2015, we performed 1307 consecutive TRUS biopsies on 1134 patients in our hospital. The patients were assigned to two groups: those without heparin bridging (the control group) and those with temporary discontinuation of antithrombotic agents with heparin bridging therapy (the bridging group)...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27850943/1307-impact-of-dialysis-on-outcomes-in-children-receiving-ecmo-for-respiratory-or-cardiac-failure
#4
Ahmed Asfari, Mallikarjuna Rao Rettiganti, Punkaj Gupta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825998/effect-of-the-form-and-deacetylation-degree-of-chitosan-sorbents-on-sorption-effectiveness-of-reactive-black-5-from-aqueous-solutions
#5
Tomasz Jóźwiak, Urszula Filipkowska, Paula Szymczyk, Michał Zyśk
The article presents the impact of a chitosan sorbent form (flakes/hydrogel granules) and the degree of its deacetylation (DD=75%/DD=85%/DD=90%) on the effectiveness of sorption of a popular textile dye Reactive Black 5 (RB5). The effect of pH on dye sorption effectiveness was examined as well as RB5 sorption kinetics and RB5 sorption capacity of the chitosan sorbent were tested. The highest sorption capacity (1559.7mg/g) was obtained for the chitosan hydrogel in the form of granules (DD=90%). Due to a loose structure and an easy access to sorption centers, chitosan hydrogel granules may ensure up to 224% higher sorption capacity (QDD75%=1307...
November 5, 2016: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796163/bioimpedance-derived-phase-angle-and-mortality-among-older-people
#6
Laurence Genton, Kristina Norman, Adrian Spoerri, Claude Pichard, Véronique L Karsegard, François R Herrmann, Christophe E Graf
BACKGROUND: Phase angle measured by bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) may be a marker of health state. OBJECTIVE: This historical cohort study of prospectively collected BIA measurements aims to investigate the link between phase angle and mortality in older people and evaluate whether a phase angle cut-off can be defined. DESIGN: We included all adults aged 65 years who underwent a BIA measurement by the Nutriguard® device at the Geneva University Hospitals...
October 31, 2016: Rejuvenation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779200/prevalence-of-integrase-strand-transfer-inhibitors-insti-resistance-mutations-in-taiwan
#7
Sui-Yuan Chang, Pi-Han Lin, Chien-Lin Cheng, Mao-Yuan Chen, Hsin-Yun Sun, Szu-Min Hsieh, Wang-Huei Sheng, Yi-Ching Su, Li-Hsin Su, Shu-Fang Chang, Wen-Chun Liu, Chien-Ching Hung, Shan-Chwen Chang
Antiretroviral therapy containing an integrase strand transfer inhibitor (INSTI) plus two NRTIs has become the recommended treatment for antiretroviral-naive HIV-1-infected patients in the updated guidelines. We aimed to determine the prevalence of INSTI-related mutations in Taiwan. Genotypic resistance assays were performed on plasma from ARV-naïve patients (N = 948), ARV-experienced but INSTI-naive patients (N = 359), and raltegravir-experienced patients (N = 63) from 2006 to 2015. Major INSTI mutations were defined according to the IAS-USA list and other substitutions with a Stanford HIVdb score ≧ 10 to at least one INSTI were defined as minor mutations...
October 25, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761037/prevalence-of-acute-post-operative-pain-in-patients-in-adult-age-group-undergoing-inpatient-abdominal-surgery-and-correlation-of-intensity-of-pain-and-satisfaction-with-analgesic-management-a-cross-sectional-single-institute-based-study
#8
Prashant Kumar Singh, Priyam Saikia, Mangala Lahakar
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Considering the paucity of regional data, this study was designed to investigate the prevalence of post-operative pain and determine if there exists any correlation between the intensity of post-operative pain and patient's level of satisfaction with their pain management after inpatient abdominal surgery at an academic tertiary care government centre. METHODS: Pain intensity was measured in 120 patients with numeric rating scale at the fifth post-operative hour, second and third post-operative day...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699216/deep-sequencing-reveals-micrornas-predictive-of-antiangiogenic-drug-response
#9
Jesús García-Donas, Benoit Beuselinck, Lucía Inglada-Pérez, Osvaldo Graña, Patrick Schöffski, Agnieszka Wozniak, Oliver Bechter, Maria Apellániz-Ruiz, Luis Javier Leandro-García, Emilio Esteban, Daniel E Castellano, Aranzazu González Del Alba, Miguel Angel Climent, Susana Hernando, José Angel Arranz, Manuel Morente, David G Pisano, Mercedes Robledo, Cristina Rodriguez-Antona
The majority of metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) patients are treated with tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) in first-line treatment; however, a fraction are refractory to these antiangiogenic drugs. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are regulatory molecules proven to be accurate biomarkers in cancer. Here, we identified miRNAs predictive of progressive disease under TKI treatment through deep sequencing of 74 metastatic clear cell RCC cases uniformly treated with these drugs. Twenty-nine miRNAs were differentially expressed in the tumors of patients who progressed under TKI therapy (P values from 6 × 10(-9) to 3 × 10(-3))...
July 7, 2016: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687620/assessment-of-dietary-intake-of-children-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#10
Wun Fung Hui, Aisha Betoko, Jonathan D Savant, Alison G Abraham, Larry A Greenbaum, Bradley Warady, Marva M Moxey-Mims, Susan L Furth
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to characterize the nutrient intake of children with chronic kidney disease (CKD) relative to recommended intake levels. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of dietary intake assessed by Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) in The North American Chronic Kidney Disease in Children (CKiD) prospective cohort study. Nutrient intake was analyzed to estimate the daily consumption levels of various nutrients and compared with national guidelines for intake...
September 29, 2016: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671223/cost-of-treatment-of-peripheral-neuropathic-pain-with-pregabalin-or-gabapentin-in-routine-clinical-practice-impact-of-their-loss-of-exclusivity
#11
Antoni Sicras-Mainar, Javier Rejas-Gutiérrez, María Pérez-Páramo, Ruth Navarro-Artieda
To analyze the effect of loss of exclusivity of data on the cost of treatment of peripheral neuropathic pain (PNP) with pregabalin or gabapentin in routine clinical practice. A retrospective observational study, with electronic medical records for patients enrolled at primary care centers managed by the health care provider Badalona Serveis Assistencials, who initiated treatment of PNP with pregabalin or gabapentin. The analysis used drugs and resources prices for year 2015. The 1163 electronic medical records (pregabalin; N = 764, gabapentin; N = 399) for patients (62...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27639491/a-multitechnique-approach-on-adsorption-self-assembly-and-quercetin-solubilization-by-tetronics-%C3%A2-micelles-in-aqueous-solutions-modulated-by-glycine
#12
Sadafara A Pillai, Bhavesh Bharatiya, Matilde Casas, Emílio V Lage, Isabel Sandez-Macho, Haridas Pal, Pratap Bahadur
Ethylene oxide-propylene oxide (EO-PO) block copolymer micelles are useful potential nanoreservoirs for the delivery of hydrophobic drugs. Considering that glycine is an excipient and can favorably affect the surface/micellar behavior and thus improve solubilization power/dispersion stability/wetting characteristics we have reported here studies on aqueous solution behavior of two commercially available branched block copolymers (Tetronics(®)) with differing hydrophobicities namely Tetronics(®) 1307 and 1304, hereafter referred as T1307 and T1304, in the presence of glycine...
September 12, 2016: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27602584/increased-hepatic-fdg-uptake-on-pet-ct-in-hepatic-sinusoidal-obstructive-syndrome
#13
Honsoul Kim, Song-Ee Baek, Jieun Mo On, Yun Ho Roh, Narae Lee, Arthur Cho
PURPOSE: Imaging features of sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (SOS), an increasingly common drawback of chemotherapy, were evaluated via 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography computed tomography (PET/CT). EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: This retrospective study was approved by our Institutional Review Board, with a waiver of informed consent. FDG PET/CT studies of 35 patients (male, 24; female, 11; median age, 53.2 years) obtained between January, 2005 and December, 2012 were analyzed before and after systemic chemotherapy...
September 1, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27591045/comparative-microarray-profile-of-the-hepatopancreas-in-the-response-of-huanghai-no-2-fenneropenaeus-chinensis-to-white-spot-syndrome-virus
#14
Xiaoli Shi, Jie Kong, Xianhong Meng, Sheng Luan, Kun Luo, Baoxiang Cao, Ning Liu, Xia Lu, Kangyu Deng, Jiawang Cao, Yingxue Zhang, Hengheng Zhang, Xupeng Li
White spot syndrome virus (WSSV) infects all shrimp species and is the greatest detriment to shrimp culture. To better understand the mechanism of molecular responses to WSSV infection in "Huanghai No. 2" Fenneropenaeus chinensis, a microarray technique was used. Microarray gene expression profiling of 59,137 unigenes identified Differentially Expressed Genes (DEGs) both in live and moribund shrimp at early, peak and late phases. In live shrimp, 1307, 1479 and 1539 DEGs were obtained in the early, peak and late phase, respectively...
August 30, 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27517947/prevalence-of-pre-diabetes-and-its-associated-risk-factors-in-rural-areas-of-ningbo-china
#15
Ming Zhao, Hongbo Lin, Yanyan Yuan, Fuyan Wang, Yang Xi, Li Ming Wen, Peng Shen, Shizhong Bu
OBJECTIVE: The aims of the study were to investigate the prevalence of pre-diabetes and explore its associated risk factors in rural areas of Ningbo, China. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted with 4583 adult residents in rural areas of Ningbo, China between March and May 2013. The survey used a multi-stage, stratified, cluster sampling method. Data collected included demographics and medical history, anthropometric measurements, blood pressure, blood lipid, and plasma glucose...
2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27474376/effectiveness-of-a-6-year-multidomain-vascular-care-intervention-to-prevent-dementia-prediva-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Eric P Moll van Charante, Edo Richard, Lisa S Eurelings, Jan-Willem van Dalen, Suzanne A Ligthart, Emma F van Bussel, Marieke P Hoevenaar-Blom, Marinus Vermeulen, Willem A van Gool
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular risk factors are associated with an increased risk of dementia. We assessed whether a multidomain intervention targeting these factors can prevent dementia in a population of community-dwelling older people. METHODS: In this open-label, cluster-randomised controlled trial, we recruited individuals aged 70-78 years through participating general practices in the Netherlands. General practices within each health-care centre were randomly assigned (1:1), via a computer-generated randomisation sequence, to either a 6-year nurse-led, multidomain cardiovascular intervention or control (usual care)...
August 20, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27473593/a-lack-of-information-engagement-among-colorectal-cancer-screening-non-attenders-cross-sectional-survey
#17
Lindsay C Kobayashi, Jo Waller, Christian von Wagner, Jane Wardle
BACKGROUND: The NHS Cancer Screening Programmes in England now operate a policy of 'informed choice' about participation in cancer screening. Engagement with written information about screening is important to facilitate informed choice, although the degree to which the screening-eligible public engages with the available information is unknown. We examined the association between reading of the standard informational booklet ('Bowel Cancer Screening: The Facts') and participation in the nationally organised NHS Bowel Cancer Screening Programme in England...
July 29, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27423379/the-influence-of-age-and-other-prognostic-factors-associated-with-survival-of-ovarian-immature-teratoma-a-study-of-1307-patients
#18
John K Chan, Austin B Gardner, Joshua E Chan, Andrew Guan, Mark Alshak, Daniel S Kapp
OBJECTIVE: To determine impact of age and other prognostic factors on the survival of ovarian immature teratoma (IT) patients. METHODS: Data obtained from the SEER database between 1973 and 2012. Kaplan-Meier methods and multivariate Cox regression models were used for statistical analyses. RESULTS: Of 1307 patients (median: 24years; range: 0-93), 78%, 5%, 13%, 4% were stages I, II, III and IV, respectively. 25%, 35%, and 40% had grades 1, 2, and 3...
September 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27399431/152%C3%A2-a-prospective-controlled-trial-of-the-effect-of-surgeon-cost-scorecards-on-operating-room-surgical-cost-reduction
#19
Corinna Clio Zygourakis, Victoria Valencia, Chris Moriates, Christy Boscardin, Sereina Catschegn, Andrew Goldberg, Kevin Bozic, Kent Soo Hoo, Rosanna Wustrack, Lawrence H Pitts, Adams Dudley, Ralph Gonzales, Michael T Lawton
INTRODUCTION: Despite the large contribution of surgical expenses to rising health care costs, many surgeons have little knowledge of their operating room (OR) costs. The goal of OR SCORE (OR Surgical Cost Reduction) is to determine whether providing surgeons with cost feedback reduces OR costs. METHODS: We performed a prospective controlled trial from January to December 2015 at University of California San Francisco (UCSF). Each surgeon in the orthopedic, ear, nose, and throat, and neurosurgery departments received standardized scorecards on a monthly basis in 2015...
August 2016: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27360226/bone-health-nutritional-intake-physical-activity-and-quality-of-life-professional-jockeys-in-hong-kong-1307-june-2-8-15-am-8-30-am
#20
Eric T Poon, John O'Reilly, Stephen H Wong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
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