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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291635/awareness-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome-among-the-general-population-of-the-lorraine-region-of-france
#1
F Arous, J-M Boivin, A Chaouat, C Rumeau, R Jankowski, D T Nguyen
OBJECTIVE: Obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) seems to be underdiagnosed. The aim of this study was to assess awareness of OSAHS among the general population of the Lorraine Region of France. METHODS: A descriptive epidemiological study was carried out from July to November 2015 in the Lorraine Region, using an anonymous questionnaire that assessed knowledge of OSAHS-related symptoms and complications. The survey was also circulated on the Internet via social media...
March 10, 2017: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270657/the-impact-of-poor-asthma-control-among-asthma-patients-treated-with-inhaled-corticosteroids-plus-long-acting-%C3%AE-2-agonists-in-the-united-kingdom-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#2
Ian D Pavord, Nicola Mathieson, Anna Scowcroft, Riccardo Pedersini, Gina Isherwood, David Price
There are several new treatment options for patients whose asthma remains uncontrolled on free-dose and fixed-dose combinations of inhaled corticosteroids plus long-acting β2-agonists (ICS+LABA). In order to evaluate the likely impact of these treatments, we assessed the effect of uncontrolled asthma on healthcare and patient burden within the UK among adult patients treated with ICS+LABA. Data obtained from 2010-2011 UK National Health and Wellness Surveys identified 701 patients treated with ICS+LABA. Patients with not well-controlled asthma (Asthma Control Test™ score <20) were compared with well-controlled asthma (score ≥ 20) patients on multiple measures...
December 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249083/provider-induced-demand-in-the-treatment-of-carotid-artery-stenosis-variation-in-treatment-decisions-between-private-sector-fee-for-service-vs-salary-based-military-physicians
#3
Louis L Nguyen, Ann D Smith, Rebecca E Scully, Wei Jiang, Peter A Learn, Stuart R Lipsitz, Joel S Weissman, Lorens A Helmchen, Tracey Koehlmoos, Andrew Hoburg, Linda G Kimsey
Importance: Although many factors influence the management of carotid artery stenosis, it is not well understood whether a preference toward procedural management exists when procedural volume and physician compensation are linked in the fee-for-service environment. Objective: To explore evidence for provider-induced demand in the management of carotid artery stenosis. Design, Setting, and Participants: The Department of Defense Military Health System Data Repository was queried for individuals diagnosed with carotid artery stenosis between October 1, 2006, and September 30, 2010...
March 1, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222364/manufactured-and-roll-your-own-cigarettes-a-changing-pattern-of-smoking-in-barcelona-spain
#4
Xisca Sureda, Marcela Fu, Jose M Martínez-Sánchez, Cristina Martínez, Montse Ballbé, Raúl Pérez-Ortuño, Esteve Saltó, José A Pascual, Esteve Fernández
AIMS: The objectives of the present study were to describe smoking prevalence and compare the smoking attributes of adult smokers according to the type of tobacco product consumed. METHODS: Repeated cross-sectional surveys (2004-2005 and 2011-2012) of a representative sample of the adult (≥16 years) population in Barcelona, Spain, were used to assess self-reported tobacco consumption, smoking attributes, and salivary cotinine concentration. The survey conducted in 2004-2005 included information on 1245 subjects and the survey in 2011-2012 on 1307 individuals...
February 18, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199814/baricitinib-versus-placebo-or-adalimumab-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#5
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Peter C Taylor, Edward C Keystone, Désirée van der Heijde, Michael E Weinblatt, Liliana Del Carmen Morales, Jaime Reyes Gonzaga, Sergey Yakushin, Taeko Ishii, Kahaku Emoto, Scott Beattie, Vipin Arora, Carol Gaich, Terence Rooney, Douglas Schlichting, William L Macias, Stephanie de Bono, Yoshiya Tanaka
Background Baricitinib is an oral, reversible inhibitor of the Janus kinases JAK1 and JAK2 that may have therapeutic value in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Methods We conducted a 52-week, phase 3, double-blind, placebo- and active-controlled trial in which 1307 patients with active rheumatoid arthritis who were receiving background therapy with methotrexate were randomly assigned to one of three regimens in a 3:3:2 ratio: placebo (switched to baricitinib after 24 weeks), 4 mg of baricitinib once daily, or 40 mg of adalimumab (an anti-tumor necrosis factor α monoclonal antibody) every other week...
February 16, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156439/are-patients-with-cancer-concerned-about-burdening-their-families
#6
Kelly Choi, Ruth Pe Benito, Victoria DeVincenzo, Emily Sassano, Brooke Gruman, Katherine DeMarco, Jose Contreras, Kathryn Tanenbaum, Jennifer Covington, Dhakshila Paramanathan, Stuart L Goldberg
86 Background: A diagnosis of advanced cancer frequently thrusts family members into the role of caregiver. Although caregiver burdens have been well documented, less is known about the level of concern borne by the patient (pt) with cancer in placing a family member in this role, known as self-perceived burden (SPB). METHODS: As part of the larger "Living with Cancer" project we prospectively surveyed 1307 pts with advanced malignancies receiving treatment with non-curative intent at 17 New Jersey cancer programs within the Regional Cancer Care Associates network between Sept 2015 and Apr 2016...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155089/predicting-dpp-iv-inhibitors-with-machine-learning-approaches
#7
Jie Cai, Chanjuan Li, Zhihong Liu, Jiewen Du, Jiming Ye, Qiong Gu, Jun Xu
Dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP-IV) is a promising Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) drug target. DPP-IV inhibitors prolong the action of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and gastric inhibitory peptide (GIP), improve glucose homeostasis without weight gain, edema, and hypoglycemia. However, the marketed DPP-IV inhibitors have adverse effects such as nasopharyngitis, headache, nausea, hypersensitivity, skin reactions and pancreatitis. Therefore, it is still expected for novel DPP-IV inhibitors with minimal adverse effects...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Computer-aided Molecular Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140653/effects-of-psychological-interventions-for-patients-with-osteoarthritis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Lijuan Zhang, Ting Fu, Qiuxiang Zhang, Rulan Yin, Li Zhu, Yan He, Wenting Fu, Biyu Shen
The aim of this study was to determine the effects of psychological interventions (e.g. cognitive restructuring, relaxation) on physiological and psychological health in osteoarthritis patients. A systematic literature search was done using PubMed, Embase, PsycINFO, Web of Science, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, and Wanfang Database through November 2016. Studies were included if they used a randomized controlled trial designed to explore the effects of psychological interventions in osteoarthritis patients...
January 31, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122308/mir-1307-promotes-the-proliferation-of-prostate-cancer-by-targeting-foxo3a
#9
Xiaodi Qiu, Ying Dou
microRNAs have emerged as important regulators in various cancers, including prostate cancer. In this study, we investigated the role of miR-1307 in cell proliferation of prostate cancer. We found miR-1307 was overexpressed in prostate cancer cells and tissues, overexpression of miR-1307 significantly promoted cell proliferation and tumorigenesis in vitro investigated by MTT assay, colony formation assay and soft agar growth assay, meanwhile overexpression of miR-1307 inhibited cell cycle inhibitors p21 and p27 both in mRNA and protein levels...
April 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120837/suggestive-association-between-variants-in-il1rapl-and-asthma-symptoms-in-latin-american-children
#10
Cintia Rodrigues Marques, Gustavo No Costa, Thiago Magalhães da Silva, Pablo Oliveira, Alvaro A Cruz, Neuza Maria Alcantara-Neves, Rosemeire L Fiaccone, Bernardo L Horta, Fernando Pires Hartwig, Esteban G Burchard, Maria Pino-Yanes, Laura C Rodrigues, Maria Fernanda Lima-Costa, Alexandre C Pereira, Mateus H Gouveia, Hanaisa P Sant Anna, Eduardo Tarazona-Santos, Maurício Lima Barreto, Camila Alexandrina Figueiredo
Several genome-wide association studies have been conducted to investigate the influence of genetic polymorphisms in the development of allergic diseases, but few of them have included the X chromosome. The aim of present study was to perform an X chromosome-wide association study (X-WAS) for asthma symptoms. The study included 1307 children of which 294 were asthma cases. DNA was genotyped using 2.5 HumanOmni Beadchip from Illumina. Statistical analyses were performed in PLINK 1.9, MACH 1.0 and Minimac2. The variant rs12007907 (g...
January 25, 2017: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098563/aortic-surgery-and-laparoscopy-still-a-future-in-the-endovascular-surgery-era
#11
Pierfrancesco Veroux, Vincenzo Ardita, Alessia Giaquinta, Alberto Davì, Giusi Basile, Massimiliano Veroux
Laparoscopic surgery (LS) is the minimally invasive alternative to open surgery and endovascular approach for treating major aortic diseases. Only few reports in the literature describe the long-term outcomes of the laparoscopic approach for major vascular diseases. Furthermore, the widespread use of endovascular techniques has limited the use of LS to wellselected patients. This review evaluated the results of LS for aortic disease and compared the clinical outcomes of laparoscopic technique with those of open and endovascular surgery...
September 30, 2016: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086946/mir-1307-promotes-ovarian-cancer-cell-chemoresistance-by-targeting-the-ing5-expression
#12
Wen-Ting Chen, Yu-Jia Yang, Zhen-Dong Zhang, Qiang An, Na Li, Wei Liu, Bing Yang
BACKGROUND: We aimed to investigate the function of miR-1307 in chemoresistance and to explore its chemoresistance mechanism in ovarian cancer. METHODS: IC50 determination was used to test the chemoresistance profling in ovarian cancer cells. QRT-PCR or western blot was used to validate the expression level of miR-1307 and candidate gene or protein. Colony formation assay and FITC-labeled enhanced Annexin V immunofluorescence were used to compare cell proliferation and apoptosis ability, respectively...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Ovarian Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052097/the-natural-flavonoid-fisetin-inhibits-cellular-proliferation-of-hepatic-colorectal-and-pancreatic-cancer-cells-through-modulation-of-multiple-signaling-pathways
#13
Mаhmoud Youns, Wael Abdel Halim Hegazy
Digestive cancers are major causes of mortality and morbidity worldwide. Fisetin, a naturally occurring flavonoid, has been previously shown anti-proliferative, anti-cancer, neuroprotective, and antioxidant activities. In our study, the anti-tumor activities in addition to regulatory effects of fisetin on some cancer cell lines were investigated. Data presented here showed that fisetin induces growth inhibition, and apoptosis in hepatic (HepG-2), colorectal (Caco-2) and pancreatic (Suit-2) cancer cell lines...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025029/neutropenia-is-independently-associated-with-sub-therapeutic-serum-concentration-of-vancomycin
#14
Min Hyuk Choi, Yeon Hwa Choe, Sang-Guk Lee, Seok Hoon Jeong, Jeong-Ho Kim
BACKGROUND: We aimed to identify the impact of the presence of neutropenia on serum vancomycin concentration (SVC). METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted from January 2005 to December 2015. The study population was comprised of adult patients who were performed serum concentration of vancomycin. Patients with renal failure or using non-conventional dosages of vancomycin were excluded. RESULTS: A total of 1307 adult patients were included in this study, of whom 163 (12...
February 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926758/association-between-surgeon-scorecard-use-and-operating-room-costs
#15
Corinna C Zygourakis, Victoria Valencia, Christopher Moriates, Christy K Boscardin, Sereina Catschegn, Alvin Rajkomar, Kevin J Bozic, Kent Soo Hoo, Andrew N Goldberg, Lawrence Pitts, Michael T Lawton, R Adams Dudley, Ralph Gonzales
Importance: Despite the significant contribution of surgical spending to health care costs, most surgeons are unaware of their operating room costs. Objective: To examine the association between providing surgeons with individualized cost feedback and surgical supply costs in the operating room. Design, Setting, and Participants: The OR Surgical Cost Reduction (OR SCORE) project was a single-health system, multihospital, multidepartmental prospective controlled study in an urban academic setting...
March 1, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888379/medical-co-morbidities-among-patients-with-severe-mental-illnesses-in-a-community-health-facility-in-nigeria
#16
Victor Olufolahan Lasebikan, Joachim Azegbeobor
To examine prevalence of medical comorbidity (MCM) in schizophrenia (n = 1310) and in bipolar disorder (n = 1307) and the association of high burden of MCM (≥3 MCM) with duration of untreated illness, number of episodes, functioning, poly-medication and lifetime hospitalization for the mental disorder. Participants were recruited from a private psychiatric facility in Ibadan, Nigeria between 2004 and 2013 and enquiry made about the lifetime occurrence of 20 common chronic diseases including common tropical diseases...
November 25, 2016: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880744/notice-to-readers-final-2015-reports-of-nationally-notifiable-infectious-diseases-and-conditions
#17
(no author information available yet)
The table listed in this report on pages 1307-1321 presents finalized data, as of June 30, 2016, from the National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System (NNDSS) for 2015. These data will be published in more detail in the Summary of Notifiable Infectious Diseases and Conditions - United States, 2015 (1). Because no cases were reported in the United States during 2015, the following diseases do not appear in this early release table: anthrax; dengue hemorrhagic fever; diphtheria; eastern equine encephalitis virus disease, nonneuroinvasive; poliomyelitis, paralytic; poliovirus infection, nonparalytic; severe acute respiratory syndrome-associated coronavirus disease (SARS-CoV); smallpox; western equine encephalitis virus disease, neuroinvasive and nonneuroinvasive; yellow fever; and viral hemorrhagic fevers...
November 25, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867824/safety-of-heparin-bridging-therapy-for-transrectal-ultrasound-guided-prostate-biopsy-in-patients-requiring-temporary-discontinuation-of-antithrombotic-agents
#18
Itsuto Hamano, Shingo Hatakeyama, Tohru Yoneyama, Yuki Tobisawa, Osamu Soma, Teppei Matsumoto, Hayato Yamamoto, Atsushi Imai, Takahiro Yoneyama, Yasuhiro Hashimoto, Takuya Koie, Chikara Ohyama
BACKGROUND: Safety of heparin bridging therapy for transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate (TRUS) biopsy in patients requiring temporary discontinuation of antithrombotic therapy is unknown. This study aimed to assess the relationship between heparin bridging therapy and the incidence of complications after TRUS biopsy. METHODS: From January 2005 to November 2015, we performed 1307 consecutive TRUS biopsies on 1134 patients in our hospital. The patients were assigned to two groups: those without heparin bridging (the control group) and those with temporary discontinuation of antithrombotic agents with heparin bridging therapy (the bridging group)...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27850943/1307-impact-of-dialysis-on-outcomes-in-children-receiving-ecmo-for-respiratory-or-cardiac-failure
#19
Ahmed Asfari, Mallikarjuna Rao Rettiganti, Punkaj Gupta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825998/effect-of-the-form-and-deacetylation-degree-of-chitosan-sorbents-on-sorption-effectiveness-of-reactive-black-5-from-aqueous-solutions
#20
Tomasz Jóźwiak, Urszula Filipkowska, Paula Szymczyk, Michał Zyśk
The article presents the impact of a chitosan sorbent form (flakes/hydrogel granules) and the degree of its deacetylation (DD=75%/DD=85%/DD=90%) on the effectiveness of sorption of a popular textile dye Reactive Black 5 (RB5). The effect of pH on dye sorption effectiveness was examined as well as RB5 sorption kinetics and RB5 sorption capacity of the chitosan sorbent were tested. The highest sorption capacity (1559.7mg/g) was obtained for the chitosan hydrogel in the form of granules (DD=90%). Due to a loose structure and an easy access to sorption centers, chitosan hydrogel granules may ensure up to 224% higher sorption capacity (QDD75%=1307...
February 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
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