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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328871/achieving-mental-health-and-substance-use-disorder-treatment-parity-a-quarter-century-of-policy-making-and-research
#1
Emma Peterson, Susan Busch
The Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act (MHPAEA) of 2008 changed the landscape of mental health and substance use disorder coverage in the United States. The MHPAEA's comprehensiveness compared with past parity laws, including its extension of parity to plan management strategies, the so-called nonquantitative treatment limitations (NQTL), led to significant improvements in mental health care coverage. In this article, we review the history of this landmark legislation and its recent expansions to new populations, describe past research on the effects of this and other mental health/substance use disorder parity laws, and describe some directions for future research, including NQTL compliance issues, effects of parity on individuals with severe mental illness, and measurement of benefits other than mental health care use...
January 12, 2018: Annual Review of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323201/landmark-detection-in-2d-bioimages-for-geometric-morphometrics-a-multi-resolution-tree-based-approach
#2
Rémy Vandaele, Jessica Aceto, Marc Muller, Frédérique Péronnet, Vincent Debat, Ching-Wei Wang, Cheng-Ta Huang, Sébastien Jodogne, Philippe Martinive, Pierre Geurts, Raphaël Marée
The detection of anatomical landmarks in bioimages is a necessary but tedious step for geometric morphometrics studies in many research domains. We propose variants of a multi-resolution tree-based approach to speed-up the detection of landmarks in bioimages. We extensively evaluate our method variants on three different datasets (cephalometric, zebrafish, and drosophila images). We identify the key method parameters (notably the multi-resolution) and report results with respect to human ground truths and existing methods...
January 11, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321913/egg-size-and-emergence-timing-affect-morphology-and-behavior-in-juvenile-chinook-salmon-oncorhynchus-tshawytscha
#3
Karen M Cogliati, Julia R Unrein, Heather A Stewart, Carl B Schreck, David L G Noakes
Variation in early life history traits often leads to differentially expressed morphological and behavioral phenotypes. We investigated whether variation in egg size and emergence timing influence subsequent morphology associated with migration timing in juvenile spring Chinook Salmon, Oncorhynchus tshawytscha. Based on evidence for a positive relationship between growth rate and migration timing, we predicted that fish from small eggs and fish that emerged earlier would have similar morphology to fall migrants, while fish from large eggs and individuals that emerged later would be more similar to older spring yearling migrants...
January 2018: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319431/same-sex-marriage-and-the-assimilationist-dilemma-a-research-agenda-on-marriage-equality-and-the-future-of-lgbtq-activism-politics-communities-and-identities
#4
Mary Bernstein
This special issue of the Journal of Homosexuality, examines the impact of the marriage equality movement and the resulting landmark U.S. Supreme Court decision, Obergefell v. Hodges (2015) that legalized same-sex marriage in the U.S. on LGBTQ activism, politics, communities, and identities. The articles in this issue examine the complicated ways in which the discourse used in same-sex marriage court cases is related to heteronormative discursive frames; the lived reality of married same-sex couples and the complex ways in which they think about marriage and heteronormativity; the ways that heteronormativity is racialized which affects how African Americans perceive the impact of same-sex marriage on their lives; how same-sex marriage has influenced public opinion and the likelihood of anti-gay backlash; and the impact of same-sex marriage on family law...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314746/integrative-review-of-the-intersection-of-green-space-and-neighborhood-violence
#5
Gibran C Mancus, Jacquelyn Campbell
PURPOSE: To systematically analyze evidence about the impact of green space on the perception and actual safety of residents of urban neighborhoods. DESIGN AND ORGANIZING CONSTRUCT: Systematic review of green space and violence based on Broome review criteria. METHODS: One landmark study prompted the initial hand search and identification of search terms. Twenty-three quantitative, five qualitative, and two mixed-methods studies were found in the urban planning, public health, medical, and psychological literature that met the following criteria: analyzed green space and violence as factors in the perception of safety as an outcome measure, including action taken by being outside for recreation, exercise, or self-report in the survey...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301302/batzella-crambe-and-monanchora-highly-prolific-marine-sponge-genera-yielding-compounds-with-potential-applications-for-cancer-and-other-therapeutic-areas
#6
REVIEW
Amr El-Demerdash, Atanas G Atanasov, Anupam Bishayee, Mamdouh Abdel-Mogib, John N A Hooper, Ali Al-Mourabit
Pyrroloquinoline and guanidine-derived alkaloids present distinct groups of marine secondary metabolites with structural diversity that displayed potentialities in biological research. A considerable number of these molecular architectures had been recorded from marine sponges belonging to different marine genera, including Batzella, Crambe, Monanchora, Clathria, Ptilocaulis and New Caledonian starfishes Fromia monilis and Celerina heffernani. In this review, we aim to comprehensively cover the chemodiversity and the bioactivities landmarks centered around the chemical constituents exclusively isolated from these three marine genera including Batzella, Crambe and Monanchora over the period 1981-2017, paying a special attention to the polycyclic guanidinic compounds and their proposed biomimetic landmarks...
January 2, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286268/landmark-lecture-in-nursing-a-life-cycle-perspective-on-chd-what-happens-beyond-your-clinic
#7
Philip Moons
Over the past decades, survival of patients with CHD improved significantly, making it a life-cycle disease. Hence, there is a need for a workforce that can take up the care for afflicted individuals in the different phases of the life spectrum. Each life phase is associated with specific challenges. Topics that should receive more attention in clinical care or in CHD research are parenting styles of parents of children, transfer and transition of adolescents, cumulative burden of injury in the brain in adults, and geriatric care for older persons with CHD...
December 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283960/trauma-laparoscopy-from-1925-2017-publication-history-and-study-demographics-of-an-evolving-modality
#8
Lauren Coleman, Gareth Gilna, Dana Portenier, Edward Auyang, Uzer Khan, Daniel Grabo, Alison Wilson, Nova Szoka
The use of laparoscopy in trauma surgery remains a debated topic, despite having been discussed in the literature for decades. The publication history of trauma laparoscopy was reviewed to identify trends, analyze study demographics, and summarize key papers, with hopes to better inform future areas of research. A systematic search of PubMed and Cochrane libraries was performed for English-language literature involving trauma laparoscopy through August 2017. Year published, number of subjects, study design, mechanism, type of laparoscopy (screening, therapeutic, diagnostic), journal, and location of study were recorded...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283643/-let-s-get-in-formation-on-becoming-a-psychologist-activist-in-the-21st-century
#9
Kevin L Nadal
Throughout the history of the United States, there have been many social movements that have resulted in an array of historic societal outcomes-ranging from the end of racial segregation to women's voting rights to the legalization of same-sex marriages. Despite the positive outcomes derived from political activism, many psychologists have struggled with how to advocate for social justice while maintaining their professional responsibilities and ethical boundaries. The current article reviews the historical ways that psychologists have participated in political movements-from the use of psychological research in landmark U...
December 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280921/impact-of-steatosis-and-inflammation-definitions-on-the-performance-of-nash-tests
#10
Thierry Poynard, Mona Munteanu, Frederic Charlotte, Hugo Perazzo, Yen Ngo, Olivier Deckmyn, Raluca Pais, Philippe Mathurin, Vlad Ratziu
BACKGROUND AND AIM: One of the unmet needs in subjects with metabolic risks is the prediction of metabolic liver disease by noninvasive tests. The construction of performant tests is dependent on the appropriateness of the histological reference definition. The aim of this study was to analyze the limitations of similar European (Fatty Liver Inhibition of Progression) and USA (Clinical-Research-Network) standard definitions and their impact on the construction of tests. METHODS: We hypothesized that a simpler histological definition of non-alcoholo steato-hepatitis (NASH), which does not require the presence of steatosis and the presence of both lobular inflammation and ballooning, should improve the concordance rates with previously validated blood tests...
December 26, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278620/95th-anniversary-of-pathophysiology-in-croatia
#11
Zdenko Kovač
University level of Pathophysiology research and teaching in Croatia had started with the third year of Medical School of Zagreb in academic year 1919./20. Ever since, despite historical changes of the main university stake holder, the state of Croatia, Department of Pathophysiology development progressed and has made visible academic achievements, with a broader effect in medical community. The first 95 years of academic tradition and major achievements are shortly described in this paper. Professor Miroslav Mikuličić envisioned Pathophysiology in close relations with Pharmacology and made the pioneering steps of establishing the "double" department at Šalata...
December 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258939/retrosigmoid-approach-investigating-the-role-of-a-c-shaped-skin-incision-and-muscle-flaps-in-improving-functional-outcome-and-to-reduce-postoperative-pain
#12
Salvatore Chibbaro, Hélène Cebula, Antonino Scibilia, Giorgio Spatola, Julien Todeschi, Arthur Gubian, Louise Scheer, Gianfranco Ligarotti, Ali Moghaddamjou, Farouk Hajhouji, Filippo Flavio Angileri, Antonino Germanò, Christian Debry, Francois Proust, Mario Ganau
BACKGROUND: A case-control study was designed to investigate the impact on functional outcome and postoperative pain of a modified C-shaped skin incision and muscle flaps in patients undergoing minicraniotomy retrosigmoid approach (mCRSA). METHODS: Enrolled patients were prospectively studied and divided/assigned to Group A, standard straight/lazy S-shaped incision or Group B, modified C-shaped incision. The latter consisted of a 4 cm C-shaped skin incision with medial convexity (placed 8cm laterally to the external occipital protuberance, with the lower edge terminating 1,5-2cm above the mastoid tip); followed, upon sub-periosteal dissection, the muscle flaps are reflected superiorly and inferiorly by stiches...
December 16, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242908/changes-in-relative-position-of-choroidal-versus-retinal-vessels-in-preterm-infants
#13
Sang Jin Kim, J Peter Campbell, Susan Ostmo, Karyn E Jonas, R V Paul Chan, Michael F Chiang
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to characterize a novel finding that relative positions of choroidal and retinal vessels change over time in preterm infants and to identify factors associated with this finding using quantitative analysis. Methods: Fundus images were obtained prospectively through a retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) cohort study. Images were excluded if choroidal vessels could not be identified. Changes in relative position of characteristic choroidal landmarks with respect to retinal vessels between two time points 5 to 7 weeks apart were measured...
December 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232259/the-experience-of-head-and-neck-cancer-survivorship-including-laryngectomy-an-integrated-biopsychosocial-model
#14
Marlene C Jacobson
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The head and neck cancer (HNC) survivorship experience is unique among cancer populations. This review seeks to explore the HNC survivor experience associated with altered upper aerodigestive tract (UADT) function using principles of survivorship. RECENT FINDINGS: HNC survivors experience complex physical, functional, and psychosocial challenges related to UADT dysfunction. Interventions need to address all of these dimensions being mindful of the survivor experience...
December 9, 2017: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230985/-adult-stature-estimation-by-multiple-parameters-of-body-torso-segment
#15
R Q Wu, T Wang, Q Shi, B Xiao, K J Ma, X Chen
OBJECTIVES: To promote the further research on body stature estimation and the innovative applications based on the distances between the anatomical landmarks on body torso surface. METHODS: A specification for the collection of distances between the anatomical landmarks on body torso surface was established. The data of 933 cases of adult population in Yangtze River Delta region were collected. Multiple linear regression method was used to statistical analyse and establish the regression equation of stature estimation...
June 2017: Fa Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225740/glycemic-control-in-acute-illness
#16
REVIEW
Moritoki Egi, Nana Furushima, Shohei Makino, Satoshi Mizobuchi
Hyperglycemia is commonly observed in critical illness. A landmark large randomized controlled trial (RCT) reported that the incidence of hyperglycemia (blood glucose concentration > 108 mg/dl) was as high as 97.2% in critically ill patients. During the past two decades, a number of RCTs and several meta-analyses and network meta-analyses have been conducted to determine the optimal target for acute glycemic control. The results of those studies suggest that serum glucose concentration would be better to be maintained between 144 and 180 mg/dl...
December 2017: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216199/the-potential-of-statistical-shape-modelling-for-geometric-morphometric-analysis-of-human-teeth-in-archaeological-research
#17
Christopher Woods, Christianne Fernee, Martin Browne, Sonia Zakrzewski, Alexander Dickinson
This paper introduces statistical shape modelling (SSM) for use in osteoarchaeology research. SSM is a full field, multi-material analytical technique, and is presented as a supplementary geometric morphometric (GM) tool. Lower mandibular canines from two archaeological populations and one modern population were sampled, digitised using micro-CT, aligned, registered to a baseline and statistically modelled using principal component analysis (PCA). Sample material properties were incorporated as a binary enamel/dentin parameter...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214599/protein-tyrosine-phosphatase-1b-inhibitors-from-natural-sources
#18
REVIEW
Bing Tian Zhao, Duc Hung Nguyen, Duc Dat Le, Jae Sue Choi, Byung Sun Min, Mi Hee Woo
Since PTP1B enzyme was discovered in 1988, it has captured the research community's attention. This landmark discovery has stimulated numerous research studies on a variety of human diseases, including cancer, inflammation, and diabetes. Tremendous progress has been made in finding PTP1B inhibitors and exploring PTP1B regulatory mechanisms. This review investigates for the natural PTP1B inhibitors, and focuses on the common characteristics of the discovered structures and structure-activity relationships. To facilitate understanding, all the natural compounds are here divided into five different classes (fatty acids, phenolics, terpenoids, steroids, and alkaloids), according to their skeletons...
December 6, 2017: Archives of Pharmacal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214509/a-three-dimensional-stereotaxic-atlas-of-the-gray-short-tailed-opossum-monodelphis-domestica-brain
#19
Piotr Majka, Natalia Chlodzinska, Krzysztof Turlejski, Tomasz Banasik, Ruzanna L Djavadian, Władysław P Węglarz, Daniel K Wójcik
The gray short-tailed opossum (Monodelphis domestica) is a small marsupial gaining recognition as a laboratory animal in biomedical research. Despite numerous studies on opossum neuroanatomy, a consistent and comprehensive neuroanatomical reference for this species is still missing. Here we present the first three-dimensional, multimodal atlas of the Monodelphis opossum brain. It is based on four complementary imaging modalities: high resolution ex vivo magnetic resonance images, micro-computed tomography scans of the cranium, images of the face of the cutting block, and series of sections stained with the Nissl method and for myelinated fibers...
December 6, 2017: Brain Structure & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212731/clinical-activity-of-pazopanib-in-patients-with-advanced-desmoplastic-small-round-cell-tumor
#20
Brian A Menegaz, Branko Cuglievan, Jalen Benson, Pamela Camacho, Salah-Eddine Lamhamedi-Cherradi, Cheuk Hong Leung, Carla L Warneke, Winston Huh, Vivek Subbiah, Robert S Benjamin, Shreyaskumar Patel, Najat Daw, Andrea Hayes-Jordan, Joseph A Ludwig
BACKGROUND: Desmoplastic small round cell tumor (DSRCT) is an aggressive, often fatal soft tissue sarcoma that lacks an optimal salvage regimen. We retrospectively reviewed data from 29 pretreated DSRCT patients who received pazopanib at MD Anderson Cancer Center after failure of standard chemotherapies. SUBJECTS, MATERIALS, AND METHODS: Medical records of patients treated from January 2012 to December 2016 were reviewed and regression analyses were performed. Median progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method and differences in survival were assessed by a log-rank test...
December 6, 2017: Oncologist
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