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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929279/pet-related-infections
#1
Michael J Day
Physicians and veterinarians have many opportunities to partner in promoting the well-being of people and their pets, especially by addressing zoonotic diseases that may be transmitted between a pet and a human family member. Common cutaneous pet-acquired zoonoses are dermatophytosis (ringworm) and sarcoptic mange (scabies), which are both readily treated. Toxoplasmosis can be acquired from exposure to cat feces, but appropriate hygienic measures can minimize the risk to pregnant women. Persons who work with animals are at increased risk of acquiring bartonellosis (e...
November 15, 2016: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902909/marek-s-disease-in-backyard-chickens-a-study-of-pathologic-findings-and-viral-loads-in-tumorous-and-nontumorous-birds
#2
Aslı Mete, Radhika Gharpure, Maurice E Pitesky, Dan Famini, Karen Sverlow, John Dunn
Marek's disease (MD) is a major cause of mortality in backyard chickens. The diagnosis of MD is complex, however, and knowledge of Marek's disease virus (MDV) in spontaneous field cases such as in backyard chickens is largely unknown. In this study, 40 backyard chickens with a presumptive MD diagnosis based on histologic lymphoid infiltrations in peripheral nerves with and without lymphomas were investigated. Twenty-eight of the birds were submitted to the diagnostic laboratory for disease explorations, and 12 chickens were from a flock in which some members demonstrated anisocoria and pupil irregularities compatible with ocular MD...
December 2016: Avian Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902907/thermal-stability-study-of-five-newcastle-disease-attenuated-vaccine-strains
#3
Zineb Boumart, Jihane Hamdi, Samira Daouam, Amal Elarkam, Khalid Omari Tadlaoui, Mehdi El Harrak
Newcastle disease (ND) is a big concern throughout the world because of the devastating losses that can occur with commercial and backyard poultry. The major problem in many countries is the loss of the vaccine's effectiveness due to inadequate use or storage conditions, particularly in hot climates. In the present study, stability of the five, most-used NDV vaccine strains (I-2, LaSota, B1, Clone 30 [C30], and VG-GA) was tested comparatively at different storage temperatures (4 and 37 C for the freeze-dried form and 4, 24, 37, and 45 C for the freeze-dried vaccine reconstituted in diluents)...
December 2016: Avian Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902894/the-first-detection-of-ornithobacterium-rhinotracheale-in-new-zealand
#4
H J Ha, N Christensen, S Humphrey, T Haydon, G Bernardi, T Rawdon
Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale (ORT) has been considered exotic to New Zealand and thus, any samples from poultry suspected of ORT infection are submitted as part of an exotic disease investigation managed by Ministry for Primary Industries (MPI) and subjected to standardized test protocols carried out in the physical containment level 3+ laboratory at MPI's Animal Health Laboratory (AHL). All previous exotic disease investigations concerning ORT produced negative results by bacterial culture and conventional PCR...
December 2016: Avian Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894365/leishmania-infantum-illness-transmission-profile-and-risk-factors-for-asymptomatic-infection-in-an-endemic-metropolis-in-brazil
#5
Letícia Helena Dos Santos Marques, Iara Caixeta Marques DA Rocha, Ilka Afonso Reis, Gisele Macedo Rodrigues DA Cunha, Edward Oliveira, Thais Ribeiro Pfeilsticker, Valdelaine Etelvina Miranda DE Araújo, Maria Helena Franco Morais, Ana Rabello, Mariângela Carneiro
To evaluate the distribution of asymptomatic infection by Leishmania infantum in a metropolis in Brazil with different relative risks (RRs) for disease and risk factors associated with the infection, an ecological study was conducted using a Bayesian approach to estimate the RR of human visceral leishmaniasis (HVL) based on cases between 2008 and 2011. The areas were categorized and selected according to disease incidence: low (area-1), medium (area-2) and high (area-3). Cross-sectional study enrolling 935 children was used to estimate the prevalence of infection by L...
November 29, 2016: Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876998/occurrence-of-knemidokoptes-mutans-and-laminosioptes-cysticola-in-backyard-poultry-in-india
#6
C Sreedevi, P Ramesh, P Mala Kondaiah, N Lakshmi Rani, M Abhishek
Birds reared in backyard poultry farming system are more prone to parasitic infestation resulting in economic losses to rural community. The present study reports occurrence of Knemidokoptes mutans and Laminosioptes cysticola mites in a male Aseel bird. Clinical signs observed in the affected bird include hyperkeratosis with whitish film layer on shank and hock region of legs. Focal areas of sloughing of skin with oozing of blood were also observed on the back and on the legs. Examination of skin scrapings from the affected sites revealed different developmental stages of Knemidokoptes mutans and Laminosioptes cysticola mites...
December 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876950/a-note-on-concurrent-natural-parasitism-by-dispharynx-spiralis-and-heterakis-gallinarum-in-backyard-poultry-gallus-domesticus
#7
G S Sreenivasa Murthy, Rasmita Panda
The nematodes Dispharynx spiralis (Superfamily-Spiruroidea, Family-Acuariidae) parasitising the proventriculus and Heterakis gallinarum (Superfamily-Subuluroidea, Family-Heterakidae) found in the caecum of two backyard poultry birds are described. The usual location of D. spiralis is glandular stomach or proventriculus, where their heads may be deeply buried in the proventricular wall. H. gallinarum occurs in the caecum and commonly called as caecal worm of poultry.
December 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860313/origin-distribution-and-potential-risk-factors-associated-with-influenza-a-virus-in-swine-in-two-production-systems-in-guatemala
#8
Ana S Gonzalez-Reiche, Ana L Ramírez, María L Müller, David Orellana, Silvia M Sosa, Pablo Ola, Jorge Paniagua, Lucía Ortíz, Jorge Hernandez, Celia Cordón-Rosales, Daniel R Perez
BACKGROUND: Guatemala is the country with the largest swine production in Central America; however, evidence of influenza A virus (IAV) in pigs has not been clearly delineated. OBJECTIVES: In this study, we analyzed the presence and spatial distribution of IAV in commercial and backyard swine populations. METHODS: Samples from two nation-wide surveys conducted in 2010 and 2011 were tested using virological (rRT-PCR and virus isolation) and serological (ELISA and Hemagglutination Inhibition) assays to detect IAV...
November 12, 2016: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817200/safe-application-of-regionalization-for-trade-in-poultry-and-poultry-products-during-highly-pathogenic-avian-influenza-outbreaks-in-usa
#9
David E Swayne, Rick E Hill, John Clifford
The 2014-15 H5Nx high pathogenicity avian influenza (HPAI) outbreak affected 211 commercial premises, 21 backyard flocks, 75 individual wild birds and four captive-reared raptors in 21 Western and upper Midwestern states, resulting in death or culling of over 50.4 million poultry in the stamping-out program that cost USA government $850 million. The outbreak had a negative $3.3 billion impact on the economy. Seventeen trading partners suspended imports of all U.S.-origin poultry and poultry products while 38 trading partners regionalized the United States, allowed trade in poultry and poultry products to continue from areas of the U...
November 7, 2016: Avian Pathology: Journal of the W.V.P.A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816856/improving-dietary-diversity-of-school-adolescents-through-school-based-nutrition-education-and-home-gardening-in-jimma-zone-quasi-experimental-design
#10
Dessalegn Tamiru, Alemayehu Argaw, Mulusew Gerbaba, Aderajew Nigussie, Girmay Ayana, Tefera Belachew
PURPOSE: The purpose of this operational study was to assess the effectiveness school-based health and nutrition intervention supported with backyard gardening on the dietary diversity among school adolescents. METHODS: A total of 1000 school adolescents from 10 to 19years were selected randomly. The intervention involved peer-led behavior change communication and health promotion through school media and health clubs. Data were collected at baseline, midline and end-line using structured questionnaires...
December 2016: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807797/science-and-technology-backyard-improves-farmers-productivity
#11
Jianchang Yang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 31, 2016: Science China. Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763447/using-cbpr-to-explore-backyard-gardening-practices-and-soil-lead-concentrations-in-urban-neighborhoods
#12
Sheri Johnson, Dalila Cardona, Jeremy Davis, Benjamin Gramling, Chelsea Hamilton, Ray Hoffmann, Sabrina Ruis, Doug Soldat, Steve Ventura, Ke Yan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726887/presence-of-influenza-viruses-in-backyard-poultry-and-swine-in-el-yali-wetland-chile
#13
N Bravo-Vasquez, F Di Pillo, A Lazo, P Jiménez-Bluhm, S Schultz-Cherry, C Hamilton-West
In South America little is known regarding influenza virus circulating in backyard poultry and swine populations. Backyard productive systems (BPS) that breed swine and poultry are widely distributed throughout Chile with high density in the central zone, and several BPS are located within the "El Yali" (EY) ecosystem, which is one of the most important wetlands in South America. Here, 130 different wild bird species have been described, of them, at least 22 species migrate yearly from North America for nesting...
October 6, 2016: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722832/risk-factors-for-rotavirus-infection-in-pigs-in-busia-and-teso-subcounties-western-kenya
#14
J O Amimo, T F Otieno, E Okoth, J O Onono, B Bett
We analysed data that were previously collected for molecular characterisation of rotavirus (RV) groups A and C in pigs from Teso and Busia subcounties in Kenya to determine risk factors for its infection. The data included records from 239 randomly selected piglets aged between 1 and 6 months raised in free range and backyard production systems. RV infection was confirmed by screening of fresh faecal samples by using reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR); selected positive samples were subsequently sequenced and used for phylogenetic analysis...
October 8, 2016: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704029/risk-factors-for-influenza-a-h7n9-disease-in-china-a-matched-case-control-study-october-2014-to-april-2015
#15
Lei Zhou, Ruiqi Ren, Jianming Ou, Min Kang, Xiaoxiao Wang, Fiona Havers, Xiang Huo, Xiaoqing Liu, Qianlai Sun, Yongchao He, Bo Liu, Shenggen Wu, Yali Wang, Haitian Sui, Yongjie Zhang, Shaopei Tang, Caiyun Chang, Lunhui Xiang, Dong Wang, Shiguang Zhao, Suizan Zhou, Tao Chen, Nijuan Xiang, Carolyn M Greene, Yanping Zhang, Yuelong Shu, Zijian Feng, Qun Li
Background.  Human infections with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus have been associated with exposure to poultry and live poultry markets (LPMs). We conducted a case-control study to identify additional and more specific risk factors. Methods.  Cases were laboratory-confirmed A(H7N9) infections in persons in China reported from October 1, 2014 to April 30, 2015. Poultry workers, those with insufficient data, and those refusing participation were excluded. We matched up to 4 controls per case by sex, age, and residential community...
September 2016: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693960/molecular-characterization-of-toxoplasma-gondii-in-pork-meat-from-different-production-systems-in-the-czech-republic
#16
Michal Slany, Nikol Reslova, Vladimir Babak, Alena Lorencova
Toxoplasmosis is a major public health issue, due to the presence of Toxoplasma gondii, mainly in pork. The aim of this study was to determine the occurrence of T. gondii in pigs and wild boars bred in different production systems in the Czech Republic using ELISA and qPCR methods. Our results show that T. gondii infection is widespread in pigs and wild boars bred and slaughtered in the Czech Republic and that there is a higher exposure to T. gondii in backyard slaughter operations and organic pig farming, indicating a potential risk for meat consumption...
December 5, 2016: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677611/phylogenetic-study-based-hemagglutinin-ha-gene-of-highly-pathogenic-avian-influenza-virus-h5n1-detected-from-backyard-chickens-in-iran-2015
#17
Syed Ali Ghafouri, Arash Ghalyanchi Langeroudi, Hossein Maghsoudloo, Farshad Tehrani, Reza Khaltabadifarahani, Hamed Abdollahi, Mohammad Hossein Fallah
Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) viruses of the H5N1 subtype have been diversified into multiple phylogenetic clades over the past decade and are highly genetically variable. In June 2015, one outbreak of HPAI H5N1 in backyard chickens was reported in the Nogardan village of the Mazandaran Province. Tracheal tissues were taken from the dead domestic chickens (n = 10) and processed for RT-PCR. The positive samples (n = 10) were characterized as HPAI H5N1 by sequencing analysis for the hemagglutinin and neuraminidase genes...
September 27, 2016: Virus Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27667658/estimating-the-basic-reproductive-number-for-african-swine-fever-using-the-ukrainian-historical-epidemic-of-1977
#18
F I Korennoy, V M Gulenkin, A E Gogin, T Vergne, A K Karaulov
In 1977, Ukraine experienced a local epidemic of African swine fever (ASF) in the Odessa region. A total of 20 settlements were affected during the course of the epidemic, including both large farms and backyard households. Thanks to timely interventions, the virus circulation was successfully eradicated within 6 months, leading to no additional outbreaks. Detailed report of the outbreak's investigation has been publically available from 2014. The report contains some quantitative data that allow studying the ASF-spread dynamics in the course of the epidemic...
September 25, 2016: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664157/frequent-use-of-colistin-based-drug-treatment-to-eliminate-extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase-producing-escherichia-coli-in-backyard-chicken-farms-in-thai-binh-province-vietnam
#19
Tatsuya Nakayama, Michio Jinnai, Ryuji Kawahara, Khong Thi Diep, Nguyen Nam Thang, Tran Thi Hoa, Le Kieu Hanh, Pham Ngoc Khai, Yoshinori Sumimura, Yoshimasa Yamamoto
Reports of livestock infections with extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli (ESBL-E) are increasing. Based on interviews conducted over a 6-month period, we found that veterinarians in the Vietnamese province of Thai Binh prefer to prescribe colistin-based drugs (CBD) in chicken farms. We aimed to clarify whether CBD use selects for strains of colistin-resistant ESBL-E. With the cooperation of seven local households, we detected ESBL-E in chickens' feces after treating chickens with CBD...
September 23, 2016: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649489/outbreaks-of-human-salmonella-infections-associated-with-live-poultry-united-states-1990-2014
#20
Colin Basler, Thai-An Nguyen, Tara C Anderson, Thane Hancock, Casey Barton Behravesh
Backyard poultry flocks have increased in popularity concurrent with an increase in live poultry-associated salmonellosis (LPAS) outbreaks. Better understanding of practices that contribute to this emerging public health issue is needed. We reviewed outbreak reports to describe the epidemiology of LPAS outbreaks in the United States, examine changes in trends, and inform prevention campaigns. LPAS outbreaks were defined as ≥2 culture-confirmed human Salmonella infections linked to live poultry contact. Outbreak data were obtained through multiple databases and a literature review...
October 2016: Emerging Infectious Diseases
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