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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447278/an-increasing-trend-of-rural-infections-of-human-influenza-a-h7n9-from-2013-to-2017-a-retrospective-analysis-of-patient-exposure-histories-in-zhejiang-province-china
#1
Enfu Chen, Maggie H Wang, Fan He, Riyang Sun, Wei Cheng, Benny C Y Zee, Steven Y F Lau, Xiaoxiao Wang, Ka Chun Chong
BACKGROUND: Although investigations have shown that closing live poultry markets (LPMs) is highly effective in controlling human influenza A (H7N9) infections, many of the urban LPMs were shut down, but rural LPMs remained open. This study aimed to compare the proportional changes between urban and rural infections in the Zhejiang province from 2013 to 2017 by analyzing the exposure histories of human cases. METHODS: All laboratory-confirmed cases of H7N9 from 2013 (the first wave) to 2017 (the fifth wave) in the Zhejiang province of China were analyzed...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406083/a-targeted-investigation-to-demonstrate-the-freedom-of-west-timor-from-hpai-h5n1
#2
Petrus Malo Bulu, Ian D Robertson, Maria Geong
In early 2004 highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N1 virus caused major outbreaks of disease in poultry in Indonesia. The disease was first reported in West Timor in eastern Indonesia in the same year, resulting in the death of approximately one hundred chickens from both commercial and backyard farms; however no evidence of disease has subsequently been reported in West Timor since 2007. A targeted survey was undertaken in 2013 in 2 districts of West Timor. Three hundred village and commercial poultry (292 chickens and 8 Muscovy ducks) from 10 villages and 5 live bird markets (LBMs) were sampled between August and October 2013...
February 1, 2018: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406075/risk-profile-for-leishmania-infection-in-dogs-coming-from-an-area-of-visceral-leishmaniasis-reemergence
#3
Gleisiane Gomes de Almeida Leal, Mariângela Carneiro, Aimara da Costa Pinheiro, Luana Araújo Marques, Henrique Gama Ker, Alexandre Barbosa Reis, Wendel Coura-Vital
Until the 1980s, visceral leishmaniasis was concentrated in poor rural areas of Brazil. The Vale do Rio Doce, located in the Southeastern Brazilian state of Minas Gerais, was an endemic area with high numbers of human and canine cases. Prophylactic measures adopted since the 1960s reduced the number of cases and the region became a 'controlled endemic' area. In the early 1990s, however, the program was interrupted, and the human disease reemerged in 2008. This cross-sectional study evaluated the prevalence and the risk profile of infection of dogs with Leishmania spp in this reemergence area of visceral leishmaniasis...
February 1, 2018: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405899/frequency-serotype-distribution-and-antimicrobial-susceptibility-patterns-of-salmonella-in-small-poultry-flocks-in-california
#4
Kristin A Clothier, Peony Kim, Asli Mete, Ashley E Hill
Backyard poultry operations are increasingly popular and commonplace in both rural and suburban locations. Although Salmonella surveillance programs are well established for large commercial poultry systems, information on smaller operations is lacking. We identified the occurrence and serotype distribution of Salmonella spp. recovered from backyard flock cases submitted to the California Animal Health and Food Safety Laboratory System (Davis, CA) in 2012-2015, and evaluated minimum inhibitory concentration for 12 antimicrobials as well as the lesions associated with Salmonella spp...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398671/microbiological-identification-and-analysis-of-waterfowl-livers-collected-from-backyard-farms-in-southern-china
#5
Rongchang Liu, Cuiteng Chen, Yu Huang, Longfei Cheng, Ronghui Lu, Guanghua Fu, Shaohua Shi, Hongmei Chen, Chunhe Wan, Qiuling Fu, Jiansheng Lin
In total, 985 livers were collected from 275 backyard waterfowl farms distributed in seven provinces of southern China. The virus that was most commonly isolated was avian influenza virus, with a 12.1% positivity rate. Of the other positive samples, 10.6% tested positive for avian Tembusu virus, 6.8% for duck hepatitis A virus, 3.8% for duck plague virus, 3.4% for Muscovy duck parvovirus, 3.1% for goose parvovirus, 1.0% for mycoplasma, and 0.9% for respiratory enteric orphan virus. The bacterium that was most commonly isolated was Escherichia coli, with a 47...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385158/identification-of-high-risk-areas-for-avian-influenza-outbreaks-in-california-using-disease-distribution-models
#6
Jaber Belkhiria, Robert J Hijmans, Walter Boyce, Beate M Crossley, Beatriz Martínez-López
The coexistence of different types of poultry operations such as free range and backyard flocks, large commercial indoor farms and live bird markets, as well as the presence of many areas where wild and domestic birds co-exist, make California susceptible to avian influenza outbreaks. The 2014-2015 highly pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) outbreaks affecting California and other states in the United States have underscored the need for solutions to protect the US poultry industry against this devastating disease...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377579/identical-genotypes-of-community-associated-mrsa-st59-and-livestock-associated-mrsa-st9-in-humans-and-pigs-in-rural-china
#7
Z Bi, C Sun, S Börjesson, B Chen, X Ji, B Berglund, M Wang, M Nilsson, H Yin, Q Sun, A Hulth, Y Wang, C Wu, Z Bi, L E Nilsson
This study investigated the prevalence of MRSA in samples taken in households, with and without backyard pigs in villages in a rural area of Shandong Province, China. Community-associated MRSA and livestock-associated MRSA, belonging to ST59 and ST9, respectively, were identified in both humans and pigs. The genotypic and phenotypic comparison of isolates indicates that bidirectional transmission of MRSA has occurred between humans and pigs in the villages.
January 27, 2018: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372351/a-method-for-guarding-animal-welfare-and-public-health-tracking-the-rise-of-backyard-poultry-ordinances
#8
Catherine Brinkley, Jacqueline Scarlett Kingsley, Joy Mench
In response to a growing number of permissive urban animal agriculture ordinances across the nation, this research reviews the spatial and temporal attributes of urban poultry ordinances across 100 municipalities in Colorado. More poultry ordinances have been passed or modified in Colorado in the last 5 years than in the previous hundred. Comparing regulations to commercial operations and animal shelter surrenders, we find that permissive ordinances cluster near major urban areas even where they are in close proximity to large commercial operations...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369723/chlamydia-psittaci-in-feral-rosy-faced-lovebirds-agapornis-roseicollis-and-other-backyard-birds-in-maricopa-county-arizona
#9
Robert J Dusek, Anne Justice-Allen, Barbara Bodenstein, Susan Knowles, Daniel A Grear, Laura Adams, Craig Levy, Hayley D Yaglom, Valerie I Shearn-Bochsler, Paula G Ciembo, Christopher R Gregory, Denise Pesti, Branson W Ritchie
  In 2013, a mortality event of nonnative, feral Rosy-faced Lovebirds ( Agapornis roseicollis) in residential backyards in Maricopa County, Arizona, USA was attributed to infection with Chlamydia psittaci. In June 2014, additional mortality occurred in the same region. Accordingly, in August 2014 we sampled live lovebirds and sympatric bird species visiting backyard bird feeders to determine the prevalence of DNA and the seroprevalence of antibodies to C. psittaci using real-time PCR-based testing and elementary body agglutination, respectively...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368637/global-avian-influenza-outbreaks-2010-2016-a-systematic-review-of-their-distribution-avian-species-and-virus-subtype
#10
Ioanna P Chatziprodromidou, Malamatenia Arvanitidou, Javier Guitian, Thomas Apostolou, George Vantarakis, Apostolos Vantarakis
BACKGROUND: We conducted a systematic review to investigate avian influenza outbreaks and to explore their distribution, upon avian influenza subtype, country, avian species and other relating details as no comprehensive epidemiological analysis of global avian influenza outbreaks from 2010 to 2016 exists. METHODS: Data was collated from four databases (Scopus, Web of Science Core Correlation, PubMed and SpringerLink electronic journal) and a global electronic reporting system (ProMED mail), using PRISMA and ORION systematic approaches...
January 25, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29365357/intra-regional-meld-score-variation-in-liver-transplantation-disparity-in-our-own-backyard
#11
Kristopher P Croome, David D Lee, Justin M Burns, Andrew P Keaveny, C Burcin Taner
BACKGROUND: Variation in average MELD score at liver transplant (LT) by UNOS regions is well documented. The present study aimed to investigate MELD variation at the inter-regional, intra-regional and intra-DSA levels. METHODS: Patients undergoing LT between 2015-2016 were obtained from the UNOS STAR file. The distribution of allocation MELD score including median, skew and kurtosis was examined for all transplant programs. RESULTS: Intra-regional median allocation MELD varied significantly within all 11 UNOS Regions...
January 24, 2018: Liver Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29361703/detection-of-antibodies-to-seven-priority-pathogens-in-backyard-poultry-in-trinidad-west-indies
#12
Arianne Brown Jordan, Pompei Bolfa, Silvia Marchi, Shakera Hemmings, Tashard Major, Rod Suepaul, Lemar Blake, Christopher Oura
Backyard poultry farms in Trinidad and Tobago (T&T) play a vital role in providing food and income for rural communities. There is currently no information on the presence and circulation of pathogens in backyard poultry farms in T&T, and little is known in relation to the potential risks of spread of these pathogens to the commercial poultry sector. In order to address this, serum samples were collected from 41 chickens on five backyard farms taken from selected locations in Trinidad. Samples were tested for antibodies to seven priority pathogens of poultry by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
January 20, 2018: Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29360401/backyard-farms-represent-a-source-of-wide-host-range-salmonella-phages-that-lysed-the-most-common-salmonella-serovars
#13
Dácil Rivera, Viviana Toledo, Francisca DI Pillo, Fernando Dueñas, Rodolfo Tardone, Christopher Hamilton-West, Kitiya Vongkamjan, Martin Wiedmann, Andrea I Moreno Switt
The genus Salmonella has more than 2,600 serovars, and this trait is important when considering interventions for Salmonella control. Bacteriophages that are used for biocontrol must have an exclusively lytic cycle and the ability to lyse several Salmonella serovars under a wide range of environmental conditions. Salmonella phages were isolated and characterized from 34 backyard production systems (BPSs) with a history of Salmonella infections. BPSs were visited once, and cloacal or fecal samples were processed for phage isolation...
January 23, 2018: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353800/public-perception-and-attitude-towards-chemical-industry-park-in-dalian-bohai-rim
#14
Guizhen He, Chunci Chen, Lei Zhang, Yonglong Lu
Recent decade has witnessed accelerating expansion of chemical industry and increasing conflicts between the local citizens, governmental authorities and project developers, especially in some coastal and port cities in China. Development and transformation of chemical industrial parks has been adopted as a national initiative recently. However, there is a paucity of research examining public perspectives on chemical industrial parks and their risks. Aiming to understand public perception, attitude, and response and the factors underlying the support/acceptance of chemical industry park, this paper investigated 418 residents neighboring to two chemical industrial parks, Dalian in Bohai Rim through face-to-face questionnaire survey...
January 16, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337626/comparative-analysis-of-pasteurella-multocida-isolates-from-acute-and-chronic-fowl-cholera-cases-in-hungary-during-the-period-2005-through-2010
#15
Boglárka Sellyei, Ákos Thuma, Dmitriy Volokhov, Zsuzsanna Varga
Fowl cholera (FC) is a highly contagious and economically important disease of poultry worldwide. This study was performed on 218 Pasteurella multocida isolates collected from separated breeding farms or backyards with acute and chronic FC cases in multiple localities across Hungary during the period 2005-2010. All isolates were characterized by a broad range of biochemical, serological, and molecular methods, as well as their antibiotic susceptibility to aminoglycosides (A), macrolides (M), penicillins (P), quinolones (Q), cephalosporins, sulphonamides (S), and tetracyclines (T) was determined...
December 2017: Avian Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329534/a-large-scale-study-of-a-poultry-trading-network-in-bangladesh-implications-for-control-and-surveillance-of-avian-influenza-viruses
#16
N Moyen, G Ahmed, S Gupta, T Tenzin, R Khan, T Khan, N Debnath, M Yamage, D U Pfeiffer, G Fournie
BACKGROUND: Since its first report in 2007, avian influenza (AI) has been endemic in Bangladesh. While live poultry marketing is widespread throughout the country and known to influence AI dissemination and persistence, trading patterns have not been described. The aim of this study is to assess poultry trading practices and features of the poultry trading networks which could promote AI spread, and their potential implications for disease control and surveillance. Data on poultry trading practices was collected from 849 poultry traders during a cross-sectional survey in 138 live bird markets (LBMs) across 17 different districts of Bangladesh...
January 12, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327958/how-not-to-wing-it-with-backyard-poultry
#17
Amanda Marino, Laurie Hess
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324427/lemons-in-the-arizona-sunshine-the-effects-of-furocoumarins-leading-to-phytophotodermatitis-and-burn-like-injuries
#18
Marc R Matthews, Joel C VanderVelde, Daniel M Caruso, Kevin N Foster
INTRODUCTION: Phytophototoxic dermatitis is a strong phototoxic reaction to ultraviolet A (UV-A) radiation exposure after cutaneous contact with citrus fruit containing furocoumarins, leading to skin injury. At the Arizona Burn Center (Phoenix, AZ), the majority of these injuries are managed in the outpatient setting. CASE REPORT: The authors present a pediatric admission for burn-like injuries following prolonged cutaneous exposure to lemons while playing in the Arizona sunshine...
December 2017: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282866/body-clocks-time-for-the-nobel-prize
#19
EDITORIAL
Charna Dibner, Ueli Schibler
Already in 1729 Jean-Jacques d'Ortous de Mairan, a French astronomer, noticed that the mimosa plants in his backyard opened and closed their leaves at similar times during the day. Intriguingly, these daily cycles of leaf movements persisted in plants kept in nearly constant darkness, and de Mairan thus concluded that they must be driven by endogenous clocks rather than environmental light-dark cycles. In the meantime self-sustained circadian oscillators have been found in nearly all light-sensitive organisms from cyanobacteria to mammals...
December 28, 2017: Acta Physiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273058/goats-in-the-city-prevalence-of-giardia-duodenalis-and-cryptosporidium-spp-in-extensively-reared-goats-in-northern-india
#20
Kjersti Selstad Utaaker, Nina Myhr, Rajinder Singh Bajwa, Himanshu Joshi, Anil Kumar, Lucy J Robertson
BACKGROUND: Various characteristics of goats mean they are highly suitable livestock for backyard rearing by people with limited resources. They are a popular livestock choice in India, where they are often kept to supplement an already scarce income. In these settings, hygiene and sanitation standards tend to be low, and weakens the interface between humans and animals, thus reducing the barrier between them and thereby increasing the likelihood that zoonotic and anthroponotic infections will occur...
December 22, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
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