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Paediatric soft tissue cancers

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780919/anthracycline-induced-cardiotoxicity-in-patients-with-paediatric-bone-sarcoma-and-soft-tissue-sarcoma
#1
Ilaria Bini, Sebastian D Asaftei, Chiara Riggi, Elisa Tirtei, Rosaria Manicone, Eleonora Biasin, Maria Eleonora Basso, Gabriella Agnoletti, Franca Fagioli
OBJECTIVES: Anthracycline cardiotoxicity is an important side-effect in long-term childhood cancer survivors. We evaluated the incidence of and factors associated with anthracycline cardiotoxicity in a population of patients diagnosed with bone or soft tissue sarcoma. Materials and methods We retrospectively enrolled patients diagnosed with bone or soft tissue sarcoma, from 1995 to 2011, treated with anthracycline chemotherapy at our Centre and with a follow-up echocardiography carried out ⩾3 years from cardiotoxic therapy completion...
August 7, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738258/open-label-multicentre-randomised-phase-ii-study-of-the-epssg-and-the-itcc-evaluating-the-addition-of-bevacizumab-to-chemotherapy-in-childhood-and-adolescent-patients-with-metastatic-soft-tissue-sarcoma-the-bernie-study
#2
Julia C Chisholm, Johannes H M Merks, Michela Casanova, Gianni Bisogno, Daniel Orbach, Jean-Claude Gentet, Anne-Sophie Thomassin-Defachelles, Pascal Chastagner, Stephen Lowis, Milind Ronghe, Kieran McHugh, Rick R van Rijn, Magalie Hilton, Jeanette Bachir, Sabine Fürst-Recktenwald, Birgit Geoerger, Odile Oberlin
PURPOSE: We evaluated the role of bevacizumab as part of the multi-modality treatment of children and adolescents with metastatic rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) or non-rhabdomyosarcoma soft tissue sarcoma (NRSTS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eligible patients aged ≥6 months to <18 years were randomised to receive induction chemotherapy (four cycles of IVADo + five cycles of IVA, ±bevacizumab), surgery and/or radiotherapy, followed by maintenance chemotherapy (12 cycles of low-dose cyclophosphamide + vinorelbine, ±bevacizumab)...
July 21, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717396/intraoperative-radiotherapy-review-of-techniques-and-results
#3
REVIEW
Avinash Pilar, Meetakshi Gupta, Sarbani Ghosh Laskar, Siddhartha Laskar
Intraoperative radiotherapy (IORT) is a technique that involves precise delivery of a large dose of ionising radiation to the tumour or tumour bed during surgery. Direct visualisation of the tumour bed and ability to space out the normal tissues from the tumour bed allows maximisation of the dose to the tumour while minimising the dose to normal tissues. This results in an improved therapeutic ratio with IORT. Although it was introduced in the 1960s, it has seen a resurgence of popularity with the introduction of self-shielding mobile linear accelerators and low-kV IORT devices, which by eliminating the logistical issues of transport of the patient during surgery for radiotherapy or building a shielded operating room, has enabled its wider use in the community...
2017: Ecancermedicalscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109409/ecco-essential-requirements-for-quality-cancer-care-soft-tissue-sarcoma-in-adults-and-bone-sarcoma-a-critical-review
#4
REVIEW
Elisabeth Andritsch, Marc Beishon, Stefan Bielack, Sylvie Bonvalot, Paolo Casali, Mirjam Crul, Roberto Delgado- Bolton, Davide Maria Donati, Hassan Douis, Rick Haas, Pancras Hogendoorn, Olga Kozhaeva, Verna Lavender, Jozsef Lovey, Anastassia Negrouk, Philippe Pereira, Pierre Roca, Godelieve Rochette de Lempdes, Tiina Saarto, Bert van Berck, Gilles Vassal, Markus Wartenberg, Wendy Yared, Alberto Costa, Peter Naredi
BACKGROUND: ECCO essential requirements for quality cancer care (ERQCC) are checklists and explanations of organisation and actions that are necessary to give high-quality care to patients who have a specific tumour type. They are written by European experts representing all disciplines involved in cancer care. ERQCC papers give oncology teams, patients, policymakers and managers an overview of the elements needed in any healthcare system to provide high quality of care throughout the patient journey...
February 2017: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035744/impact-of-fusion-gene-status-versus-histology-on-risk-stratification-for-rhabdomyosarcoma-retrospective-analyses-of-patients-on-uk-trials
#5
Joanna Selfe, David Olmos, Reem Al-Saadi, Khin Thway, Julia Chisholm, Anna Kelsey, Janet Shipley
BACKGROUND: Long-term toxicities from current treatments are a major issue in paediatric cancer. Previous studies, including our own, have shown prognostic value for the presence of PAX3/7-FOXO1 fusion genes in rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS). It is proposed to introduce PAX3/7-FOXO1 positivity as a component of risk stratification, rather than alveolar histology, in future clinical trials. PROCEDURE: To assess the potential impact of this reclassification, we have determined the changes to risk category assignment of 210 histologically reviewed patients treated in the UK from previous malignant mesenchymal tumour clinical trials for non-metastatic RMS based on identification of PAX3/7-FOXO1 by fluorescence in situ hybridisation and/or reverse transcription PCR...
July 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960236/radiation-associated-neoplasia-clinical-pathological-and-genomic-correlates
#6
REVIEW
Lynette M Sholl, Justine A Barletta, Jason L Hornick
Ionizing radiation is an established risk factor for the development of benign and malignant tumours. The epidemiology of radiation-associated neoplasia has been studied over the decades in diverse populations, including Japanese atomic bomb survivors, exposed communities following the Chernobyl nuclear power plant disaster, and paediatric and adult populations receiving therapeutic irradiation. Radiation has been associated with an increased risk of neoplasia throughout the human body, with some sites showing a markedly increased relative risk of developing tumours (thyroid; soft tissues), depending on patient age and the context of exposure...
January 2017: Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27745544/pediatric-differentiated-thyroid-cancer-when-to-perform-conservative-and-radical-surgery
#7
Claudio Spinelli, Leonardo Rossi, Jessica Piscioneri, Silvia Strambi, Alessandro Antonelli, Andrea Ferrari, Maura Massimino, Paolo Miccoli
Thyroid tumors affect all age groups, including children and adolescents. Malignant cancer of the thyroid is a relatively uncommon disease in pediatric age. In the recent decades the incidence of paediatric differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) has increased. DTC in paediatric age is rare and has an excellent prognosis. Compared to adult counterpart, DTC in childhood presents some different features as follows: larger volume at the diagnosis, more frequent multicentricity (both mono- and bilateral), earlier local involvement of soft tissue of the neck, earlier lymph node involvement, distant metastases 3-4 times more frequent (most often in the lungs and almost always functional) and more common post-operatory recurrence; nevertheless, the prognosis of DTC in childhood is better and the survival greater than in adult...
2016: Current Pediatric Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27499911/the-molecular-landscape-of-extraskeletal-osteosarcoma-a-clinicopathological-and-molecular-biomarker-study
#8
George Jour, Lu Wang, Sumit Middha, Ahmet Zehir, Wen Chen, Justyna Sadowska, John Healey, Narasimhan P Agaram, Lisa Choi, Khedoudja Nafa, Meera Hameed
Extraskeletal osteosarcoma (ESOSA) is a rare soft tissue neoplasm representing <5% of osteosarcomas and <1% of all soft-tissue sarcomas. Herein, we investigate the clinicopathological and molecular features of ESOSA and explore potential parameters that may affect outcome. Thirty-two cases were retrieved and histomorphology was reviewed. Clinical history and follow-up were obtained through electronic record review. DNA from formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue was extracted and processed from 27 cases...
January 2016: Journal of Pathology. Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27349326/pet-mri-a-luxury-or-a-necessity
#9
J L Carreras-Delgado, V Pérez-Dueñas, C Riola-Parada, L García-Cañamaque
PET/MRI is a new multimodality technique with a promising future in diagnostic imaging. Technical limitations are being overcome. Interference between the two systems (PET and MRI) seems to have been resolved. MRI-based PET attenuation correction can be performed safely. Scan time is acceptable and the study is tolerable, with claustrophobia prevalence similar to that of MRI. Quantification with common parameters, such as Standardized Uptake Value (SUV), shows a fairly good correlation between both systems...
September 2016: Revista Española de Medicina Nuclear e Imagen Molecular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27342568/paediatric-ewing-like-sarcoma-arising-from-the-cranium-a-unique-diagnostic-challenge
#10
Ian J Robertson, Fadel Bennani, Ronan S Ryan, Waqar Khan, M Kevin Barry
For legal reasons, the publisher has withdrawn this article from public view. For additional information, please contact the publisher.
June 24, 2016: Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27138749/regional-hyperthermia-combined-with-chemotherapy-in-paediatric-adolescent-and-young-adult-patients-current-and-future-perspectives
#11
REVIEW
Georg Seifert, Volker Budach, Ulrich Keilholz, Peter Wust, Angelika Eggert, Pirus Ghadjar
Here we evaluate the current status of clinical research on regional hyperthermia (RHT) in combination with chemotherapy or radiation therapy in paediatric oncology.Data were identified in searches of MEDLINE, Current Contents, PubMed, and references from relevant articles using medical subject headings including hyperthermia, cancer, paediatric oncology, children, radiation therapy and chemotherapy. Currently, only two RHT centres exist in Europe which treat children. Clinical RHT research in paediatric oncology has as yet been limited to children with sarcomas and germ cell tumours that respond poorly to or recur after chemotherapy...
April 30, 2016: Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27082136/outcome-of-extracranial-malignant-rhabdoid-tumours-in-children-registered-in-the-european-paediatric-soft-tissue-sarcoma-study-group-non-rhabdomyosarcoma-soft-tissue-sarcoma-2005-study-epssg-nrsts-2005
#12
MULTICENTER STUDY
Bernadette Brennan, Gian Luca De Salvo, Daniel Orbach, Angela De Paoli, Anna Kelsey, Peter Mudry, Nadine Francotte, Max Van Noesel, Gianni Bisogno, Michela Casanova, Andrea Ferrari
BACKGROUND: Extracranial malignant rhabdoid tumours (MRT) are rare lethal childhood cancers that often occur in infants and have a characteristic genetic mutation in the SMARCB1 gene. The European Paediatric Soft Tissue Sarcoma Study Group (EpSSG) conducted a multinational prospective study of registered cases of extracranial MRT to test an intensive multimodal approach of treatment for children with newly diagnosed extracranial MRT. METHODS: Between December 2005 and June 2014, we prospectively registered 100 patients from 12 countries with a diagnosis of MRT tumour at an extracranial site on the EpSSG Non-Rhabdomyosarcoma Soft Tissue Sarcoma 2005 Study (NRSTS 2005)...
June 2016: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26824706/management-and-prognosis-of-malignant-peripheral-nerve-sheath-tumors-the-experience-of-the-french-sarcoma-group-gsf-geto
#13
MULTICENTER STUDY
T Valentin, A Le Cesne, I Ray-Coquard, A Italiano, G Decanter, E Bompas, N Isambert, J Thariat, C Linassier, F Bertucci, J O Bay, A Bellesoeur, N Penel, S Le Guellec, T Filleron, C Chevreau
BACKGROUND: Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNST) are a rare subtype of soft tissue sarcoma. They can arise in irradiated fields, in patients with type 1 neurofibromatosis (NF1), or sporadically. MPNST exhibit an aggressive behaviour, and their optimal management remains controversial. An unsolved issue is whether NF1-related and sporadic forms of MPNST have a different prognosis, and should be managed differently. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Adult and paediatric patients with histologically confirmed MPNST treated between 1990 and 2013 in French cancer centres of the GSF/GETO network, were included in this retrospective study...
March 2016: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26763065/singapore-cancer-network-scan-guidelines-for-the-initial-evaluation-diagnosis-and-management-of-extremity-soft-tissue-sarcoma-and-osteosarcoma
#14
(no author information available yet)
INTRODUCTION: The SCAN sarcoma workgroup aimed to develop Singapore Cancer Network (SCAN) clinical practice guidelines for the initial evaluation, diagnosis, and management of extremity soft tissue sarcoma and osteosarcoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The workgroup utilised a consensus approach to create high quality evidence-based clinical practice guidelines suited for our local setting. RESULTS: Various international guidelines from the fields of radiology, pathology, orthopaedic surgery, medical, radiation and paediatric oncology were reviewed, including those developed by von Mehren Metal (J Natl Compr Canc Netw 2014), the National Collaborating Centre for Cancer (2006), the European Sarcoma Network Working Group (2012) and Grimer RJ et al (Sarcoma 2008)...
October 2015: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26650335/space-time-clustering-of-childhood-cancers-in-switzerland-a-nationwide-study
#15
Christian Kreis, Michael Grotzer, Heinz Hengartner, Ben Daniel Spycher
The aetiology of childhood cancers remains largely unknown. It has been hypothesized that infections may be involved and that mini-epidemics thereof could result in space-time clustering of incident cases. Most previous studies support spatio-temporal clustering for leukaemia, while results for other diagnostic groups remain mixed. Few studies have corrected for uneven regional population shifts which can lead to spurious detection of clustering. We examined whether there is space-time clustering of childhood cancers in Switzerland identifying cases diagnosed at age <16 years between 1985 and 2010 from the Swiss Childhood Cancer Registry...
May 1, 2016: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26631075/whole-body-mri-in-paediatric-oncology
#16
REVIEW
Rutger A J Nievelstein, Annemieke S Littooij
Imaging plays a crucial role in the diagnosis and follow-up of paediatric malignancies. Until recently, computed tomography (CT) has been the imaging technique of choice in children with cancer, but nowadays there is an increasing interest in the use of functional imaging techniques like positron emission tomography and single-photon emission tomography. These later techniques are often combined with CT allowing for simultaneous acquisition of image data on the biological behaviour of tumour, as well as the anatomical localisation and extent of tumour spread...
May 2016: La Radiologia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26337473/-current-use-and-prospects-for-hadron-therapy-in-2015
#17
REVIEW
L Feuvret, V Calugaru, R Ferrand
Hadron therapy (including protons and ions) is still expanding worldwide, although still limited by the cost and thus the number of available facilities. If the historical indications remain eye melanomas, skull base tumours and paediatric tumours for protontherapy; and salivary glands, paranasal sinus and nasal cavity tumours, and soft tissue sarcomas for carbon ions, no conclusion can be drawn about the role of these modalities for other tumours, such as prostate, lung cancers. Since 2013, more than 100 clinical trials are on-going, including comparisons between advanced photons modalities, protontherapy and carbon ions therapy...
October 2015: Cancer Radiothérapie: Journal de la Société Française de Radiothérapie Oncologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25998586/childhood-cancer-in-argentina-survival-2000-2007
#18
Florencia Moreno, Moreno Florencia, Veronica Dussel, Dussel Veronica, Liliana Orellana, Orellana Liliana
INTRODUCTION: Information on the epidemiology of childhood cancer in Latin America is limited. The Argentinean Oncopaediatric Registry (ROHA) is a population-based registry active since 2000. This paper describes the 3-year survival experience of children diagnosed with cancer in Argentina during 2000-2007 by major morphological subgroup, age, sex, and geographical region of residence. METHODS: Newly diagnosed paediatric cancer cases are registered in ROHA (estimated coverage is 93% of the country's cases)...
August 2015: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25670065/cyp3a-isoforms-in-ewing-s-sarcoma-tumours-an-immunohistochemical-study-with-clinical-correlation
#19
Hamid Zia, Graeme I Murray, Carrie A Vyhlidal, J Steven Leeder, Ahmed E Anwar, Marilyn M Bui, Atif A Ahmed
Ewing's sarcoma is an aggressive malignancy of bone and soft tissue with high incidence of metastasis and resistance to chemotherapy. Cytochrome P450 (CYP) monooxygenases are a family of enzymes that are involved in the metabolism of exogenous and endogenous compounds, including anti-cancer drugs, and have been implicated in the aggressive behaviour of various malignancies. Tumour samples and clinical information including age, sex, tumour site, tumour size, clinical stage and survival were collected from 36 adult and paediatric patients with Ewing's sarcoma family tumours...
April 2015: International Journal of Experimental Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25396017/incidence-of-childhood-cancer-in-namibia-the-need-for-registries-in-africa
#20
Daniela Cristina Stefan, Bjorn Baadjes, Mariana Kruger
INTRODUCTION: Childhood cancer is rare and comprises only 1% of all cancers. The current incidence of childhood cancer in Namibia, as in many other African countries, is not known. The aim of this research was to assess the paediatric cancer incidence between 2003-2010 at Windhoek Central Hospital, the only pediatric oncology-referring centre in Namibia and to compare with the previous calculated incidence in the country 20 years ago. METHODS: A retrospective, descriptive review of the paediatric oncology cases presenting to Windhoek Central Hospital between 2003 and 2010 was undertaken, and data regarding age, sex, cancer type, area of residence were extrapolated...
2014: Pan African Medical Journal
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