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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026753/does-violence-affect-the-use-of-contraception-identifying-the-hidden-factors-from-rural-india
#1
Nishikant Singh, Sudheer Kumar Shukla
PURPOSE: The objective of this study is to investigates the relationship between domestic violence and use of contraception among married women in rural India. DATA: Third round of National Family Health Survey (NFHS-III). METHODOLOGY: Cross tabulation as bivariate analysis and Binary Logistic Regression as multivariate analysis has been employed to fulfill the objective. FINDINGS: The result shows that there are several hidden factors...
January 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023322/effects-of-two-different-training-periodization-models-on-physical-and-physiological-aspects-of-elite-female-team-handball-players
#2
Carmen Manchado, Juan M Cortell-Tormo, Juan Tortosa-Martínez
Manchado, C, Cortell-Tormo, JM, and Tortosa-Martínez, J. Effects of two different training periodization models on physical and physiological aspects of elite female team handball players. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2017-This study was undertaken to compare training-induced changes in selected physiological and physical team handball performance factors after 2 training periodization models: traditional vs. block periodization (BP). Eleven female team handball players who played over 2 consecutive seasons for a Spanish first league team were assessed twice per season during a training cycle...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021905/the-waterpolo-shoulder-paradigm-results-of-ultrasound-surveillance-at-poolside
#3
Felice Galluccio, Eleonora Bellucci, Francesco Porta, Lorenzo Tofani, Amato De Paulis, Diana Bianchedi, Tatiana Barskova, Marco Matucci-Cerinic
BACKGROUND: Waterpolo consists of a combination of swimming and throwing with close contact between players. The shoulder is the most frequently injured joint, with a combination of rotator cuff tear and tendinopathy, long head biceps tendinopathy, superior labral lesions and shoulder impingement. This unique combination is a challenge for the clinician who must determine which of these shoulder pathologies is responsible for the onset of pain and the best strategy to rehabilitate the joint and prevent recurrence...
2017: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017945/healing-and-mucosal-immunity-in-the-skin-of-experimentally-wounded-gilthead-seabream-sparus-aurata-l
#4
Diana Ceballos-Francisco, Héctor Cordero, Francisco A Guardiola, Alberto Cuesta, María Ángeles Esteban
Skin lesions are very common in fisheries, increasing the risk of pathogens entering through the wounded skin of the fish. In the present assay, the progression of wound healing was studied over a 7 day period in gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata L.) after making experimental wounds in two different locations: above (group A) or below (group B) the lateral line. Macroscopic observation confirmed faster wound healing of the wounds of fish from group B. Furthermore, several immune-related components were studied in the skin mucus of wounded fish to ascertain whether wounding altered the mucus composition compared with the values obtained from non-wounded fish (group C, control)...
October 7, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016476/effects-of-in-season-circuit-training-on-physical-abilities-in-male-handball-players
#5
Souhail Hermassi, Rainer Wollny, René Schwesig, Roy J Shephard, Mohamed Souhaiel Chelly
This study analyzed the effects of a resistance-type circuit training program (RCT) (30-35 minutes, performed twice a week for 10 weeks) on male handball players. Twenty-two males were divided into experimental (E; age 20.3 ± 0.5 years) and control groups (C; age 20.1± 0.5 years). Measures before and after RCT included squat (SJ) and countermovement jumps (CMJ), one repetition maximum (1-RM) ofbench press, pull-over and back half-squats, throwing velocity (a 3-step throw with run (RT), and a jump throw (JT)), repeated-sprint ability (six 2 x 15-m shuttle sprints with recording of best time for a single trial), anthropometric estimates of leg and thigh muscle volumes and mean thigh cross-sectional area (CSA), and a test of agility...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016237/actual-competence-rather-than-perceived-competence-is-a-better-predictor-of-physical-activity-in-children-aged-6-9-years
#6
Fleur McIntyre, Helen Parker, Paola Chivers, Beth Hands
There is a limited understanding about the relative importance of perceived and actual competence on emergent physical activity levels in children and whether there is a difference in their development and strength between boys and girls. This study used a single-cohort, multiple age group design to monitor physical activity, actual motor competence (AMC) and perceived competence (PC) on four occasions over 18 months in 6-to 9-year-old boys and girls (N = 201). Physical activity was measured by 7-day daily step counts (pedometer) and activity diary...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992484/emerging-contaminants-in-indian-environmental-matrices-a-review
#7
REVIEW
Jeeva M Philip, Usha K Aravind, Charuvila T Aravindakumar
The emergence of issues related to environment from ECs is a topic under serious discussions worldwide in recent years. Indian scenario is not an exception as it is tremendously growing in its rate of production and consumption of compounds belongs to ECs categories. However, a comprehensive documentation on the occurrence of ECs and consequent ARGs as well as their toxic effects on vertebrates on Indian context is still lacking. In the present study, an extensive literature survey was carried out to get an idea on the geographical distribution of ECs in various environmental matrices (water, air, soil, sediment and sludge) and biological samples by dividing the entire subcontinent into six zones based on climatic, geographical and cultural features...
September 25, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989101/securing-extraocular-muscles-in-strabismus-surgery-laboratory-analysis-of-biomechanical-parameters-related-to-the-suture
#8
Steven E Brooks
PURPOSE: To investigate the tensile properties of several components used to secure extraocular muscle to sclera in strabismus surgery to determine potential failure points. METHODS: A digital force gauge measured the tensile strength of intact or damaged 6-0 Vicryl suture (Ethicon, Somerville, NJ), as well as threads tied in a 2-1-1 or 2-1-1-1 surgeon's knot configuration. Human sclera was used to test the resistance to drag of knotted and unknotted 6-0 Vicryl suture thread through partial thickness sclera...
October 5, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981450/determinant-factors-of-physical-performance-and-specific-throwing-in-handball-players-of-different-ages
#9
Manuel Ortega-Becerra, Fernando Pareja-Blanco, Pedro Jiménez-Reyes, Víctor Cuadrado-Peñafiel, Juan José González-Badillo
This study aimed to analyze various fitness qualities in handball players of different ages, and to determine the relationships between these parameters and throwing velocity. Forty-four handball players participated, pooled by age groups: ELITE (n = 13); under-18 (U18, n = 16); under-16 (U16, n = 15). The following tests were completed: 20-m running sprints; countermovement jumps (CMJ); jump squat to determine the load that elicited ∼20 cm jump height (JSLOAD-20cm); a progressive loading test in full-squat and bench-press to determine the load that elicited ∼1 m·s (SQ-V1-LOAD and BP-V1-LOAD), and handball throwing (Jump Throw and 3-Step Throw)...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979069/novel-pathogens-in-periodontal-microbiology
#10
REVIEW
K Vidya Hiranmayi, K Sirisha, M V Ramoji Rao, P Sudhakar
Periodontitis is a polymicrobial disease caused by complex interactions between distinct pathogens in a biofilm resulting in the destruction of periodontal tissues. It seems evident that unknown microorganisms might be involved in onset or progression of periodontitis. For many decades, research in the field of oral microbiology failed to identify certain subgingival microbiota due to technical limitations but, over a period of 12 years using molecular approaches and sequencing techniques, it became feasible to reveal the existence of new periodontal pathogens...
July 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976818/can-harmonized-regulation-overcome-intra-european-differences-insights-from-a-european-phase-iii-stem-cell-trial
#11
Christine Hauskeller
Harmonized regulation of research with human stem cells in Europe has shaped innovation in regenerative medicine. Findings from a Phase III academic clinical trial of an autologous cell procedure illustrate the obstacles that a multinational trial faces. A typology of the obstacles encountered, may help other teams embarking upon trials. The findings throw light on the situation of clinician-scientists in clinical innovation, as the expertise to run scientific trials is very complex. The innovation route of clinical translation takes insufficient account of the interdependencies between multiple social and cultural factors from outside the laboratory and the clinic...
September 2017: Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975133/pectoralis-minor-contracture-in-throwing-shoulders-of-asymptomatic-adolescent-baseball-players
#12
Justin L Hodgins, William Rubenstein, David Kovacevic, Ajay Padaki, Charles M Jobin, Christopher S Ahmad
BACKGROUND: Although scapular malpositioning is commonly associated with rotational deficits and risk of injury, modifiable causes of such malpositioning in overhead athletes are not well described. PURPOSE/HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of this study was to examine the scapulothoracic profile of adolescent baseball players, specifically, pectoralis minor (PM) length. We hypothesized that PM would be shorter in throwing shoulders compared with nonthrowing shoulders. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study; Level of evidence, 3...
September 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972820/injuries-in-cricket
#13
Dinshaw N Pardiwala, Nandan N Rao, Ankit V Varshney
CONTEXT: Cricket is a popular global sport that requires a combination of physical fitness, skill, and strategy. Although a noncontact sport, overuse and impact injuries are common since players engage in a wide range of physical activities, including running, throwing, batting, bowling, catching, and diving. Significant or match time-loss injuries are defined as those that either prevent a player from being fully available for selection in a major match, or during a major match, cause a player to be unable to bat, bowl, or keep wicket when required by either the rules or the team's captain...
September 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969832/field-trials-of-fatty-acids-and-geraniol-applied-to-cattle-for-suppression-of-horn-flies-haematobia-irritans-diptera-muscidae-with-observations-on-fly-defensive-behaviors
#14
Bradley A Mullens, D Wes Watson, Alec C Gerry, Broc A Sandelin, Diane Soto, Diana Rawls, Steve Denning, Lena Guisewite, Jonathan Cammack
Adult horn fly populations were tracked on cattle for 2-week periods before, during and after multiple treatments (every 3-4days) with two repellents in a mineral oil carrier. Cattle were sprayed four times in a two-week period either with 2% geraniol (125ml/cow) or a 15% mixture of short chain fatty acids (C8-C9-C10)(250ml/cow), and there were untreated control cattle. Trials were conducted in California and North Carolina for 3 summers. Short-term fly counts (same day) on treated cattle were reduced by 61-99%, depending on material and trial, and the fatty acid mixture provided better control than geraniol...
October 15, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969294/point-of-care-a-novel-approach-to-periodontal-diagnosis-a-review
#15
REVIEW
Nancy Srivastava, Prathibha Anand Nayak, Shivendra Rana
Periodontal disease, one of the prevalent oral diseases, is characterized by gingival inflammation and periodontal tissue destruction. Diagnosing this disease is challenging to the clinicians as the disease process is discontinuous and shows periods of exacerbation and remission. Traditional diagnostic methods basically tells about the past tissue destruction so new diagnostic methods are required which is able to detect the active state of the disease, determine the future progression and also estimates the response to the therapy, thereby helping in the better clinical management of the patient...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968288/specific-physical-training-in-elite-male-team-handball
#16
Herbert Wagner, Manuel Gierlinger, Nermin Adzamija, Samuel Ajayi, David W Bacharach, Serge P von Duvillard
Specific physical training in elite team handball is essential for optimal player's performance; however, scientific knowledge is generally based on temporary training studies with sub-elite athletes. Therefore, the aim of the study was to analyze the effects of specific physical training in an elite male handball team over the entire season.Twelve players of a male handball team from the First Austrian Handball League performed a one year specific physical training program in addition to their normal (team handball techniques and tactics) weekly training...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968139/biomechanical-comparisons-among-fastball-slider-curveball-and-changeup-pitch-types-and-between-balls-and-strikes-in-professional-baseball-pitchers
#17
Rafael F Escamilla, Glenn S Fleisig, Dave Groeschner, Ken Akizuki
BACKGROUND: In professional baseball pitchers, pitching biomechanics have not been examined for the slider, and the only known study for the curveball and changeup examined limited kinetics. Moreover, no known studies have investigated pitching biomechanics between strikes and balls. Purpose/Hypothesis: The purpose was to compare pitching biomechanics in professional baseball pitchers among the fastball, slider, curveball, and changeup and between balls and strikes. It was hypothesized that pitching kinematics and kinetics would be similar among the slider, fastball, and curveball; shoulder and elbow forces and torques would be significantly lower in the changeup; and pitching biomechanics would be similar between balls and strikes...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967241/functional-movement-screentm-and-history-of-injury-in-assessment-of-potential-risk-of-injury-among-team-handball-players
#18
Robert Slodownik, Anna Ogonowska-Slodownik, Natalia Morgulec-Adamowicz
INTRODUCTION: Handball is known to be one of the team sports representing the highest risk of injury. Several investigators have tried to identify injury risk factors in team sports including handball and suggested the need to develop an optimal tool to capture and quantify the potential risk of injury. The aim of the study was to evaluate potential risk of injury among handball players. METHODS: It was a mixed design study. Handball players from 1st and 2nd division were evaluated (n = 30) using the Functional Movement ScreenTM (FMSTM)...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967240/shoulder-kinematics-and-mobility-adaptations-in-water-polo-players
#19
Elif Turgut, Taha I Yildiz, Serdar Demirci, Leyla Eraslan, Burak Ulusoy, Damla Tok, Gulcan Harput, Dilara Kara, Irem Duzgun, Volga B Tunay, Nevin Ergun
BACKGROUND: There is limited research to demonstrate how scapular kinematics and shoulder-related physical characteristics are affected in water-polo players, who undertake swimming and repetitive throwing activity. The aim of this study was to investigate possible adaptations in the three- dimensional scapular kinematics and in glenohumeral internal rotation, external rotation range of motion and shoulder posterior-capsule tightness in water-polo players. METHODS: Fourteen water-polo players and 14 asymptomatic volunteers participated in the study...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966486/use-of-culture-and-elisa-based-toxin-assay-for-detecting-clostridium-difficile-a-neglected-pathogen-a-single-center-study-from-a-tertiary-care-setting
#20
Sujata Lall, Gita Nataraj, Preeti Mehta
INTRODUCTION: Clostridium difficile is a Gram-positive spore-bearing anaerobic bacillus increasingly associated with both community- and hospital-acquired colitis and diarrhea. It is the most common identifiable bacterial cause of healthcare-associated diarrhea associated with antibiotic use and one of the most common anaerobic infections. The diagnosis of C. difficile infection includes detection of toxin A/B in stool specimens by direct enzyme immunoassay, culture of pathogen from the stool specimens using a selective agar Cycloserine-Cefoxitin fructose agar (CCFA), tissue culture assay, and detection of glutamate dehydrogenase an enzyme produced by C...
October 2017: Journal of Laboratory Physicians
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