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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451427/easier-seen-than-done-merely-watching-others-perform-can-foster-an-illusion-of-skill-acquisition
#1
Michael Kardas, Ed O'Brien
Modern technologies such as YouTube afford unprecedented access to the skilled performances of other people. Six experiments ( N = 2,225) reveal that repeatedly watching others can foster an illusion of skill acquisition. The more people merely watch others perform (without actually practicing themselves), the more they nonetheless believe they could perform the skill, too (Experiment 1). However, people's actual abilities-from throwing darts and doing the moonwalk to playing an online game-do not improve after merely watching others, despite predictions to the contrary (Experiments 2-4)...
February 1, 2018: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450826/return-to-throwing-after-shoulder-or-elbow-injury
#2
REVIEW
Terrance A Sgroi, John M Zajac
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Throwing places high demands on the human body, and specific characteristics are developed over time unique to these athletes. When returning to throw after injury, it is important to follow a criterion-based progression that allows the body to be prepared appropriately for the stresses that throwing will require. There is currently a void in the literature for criteria-based progression that helps these athletes return to the highest level of play. RECENT FINDINGS: As injury rates continue to rise in baseball, there is increased evidence showing contributions of the core and lower extremity to the baseball pitch...
February 15, 2018: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448001/induced-pluripotent-stem-cells-ipsc-derived-retinal-cells-in-disease-modeling-and-regenerative-medicine
#3
REVIEW
Reena Rathod, Harshini Surendran, Rajani Battu, Jogin Desai, Rajarshi Pal
Retinal degenerative disorders are a leading cause of the inherited, irreversible and incurable vision loss. While various rodent model systems have provided crucial information in this direction.lack of disease-relevant tissue availability and species-specific differences have proven to be a major roadblock. Human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC) have opened up a whole new avenue of possibilities not just in understanding the disease mechanism but also potential therapeutic approaches towards a cure. In this review, we have summarized recent advances in the methods of deriving retinal cell types from iPSCs which can serve as a renewable source of disease-relevant cell population for basic as well as translational studies...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447302/in-throwers-with-posterior-instability-rotator-cuff-tears-are-common-but-do-not-affect-surgical-outcomes
#4
Justin W Arner, Michael P McClincy, James P Bradley
In a previous study, compared with throwing athletes with superior labral anterior posterior (SLAP) tears, those with concomitant SLAP tears and rotator cuff tears (RCTs) had significantly poorer outcome scores and return to play. Posterior shoulder instability also occurs in throwing athletes, but no studies currently exist regarding outcomes of these patients with concomitant RCTs. The authors hypothesized that throwing athletes treated with arthroscopic capsulolabral repair for posterior shoulder instability with coexistent rotator cuff pathology would have poorer outcome scores and return to play...
January 2018: American Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444539/relationships-between-maximal-strength-of-lower-limb-anthropometric-characteristics-and-fundamental-explosive-performance-in-handball-players
#5
Souhail Hermassi, Mohamed Souhaiel Chelly, Herbert Wagner, Georg Fieseler, Stephan Schulze, Karl-Stefan Delank, Roy J Shephard, René Schwesig
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to examine relationships between lower body muscular strength, anthropometric characteristics and several measures of explosive performance in elite team-handball players. METHODS: 22 male elite team-handball players (age: 19.1 ± 1.7 years) were studied during the competitive season. Standard anthropometric and body composition measures included body mass index, lower limb and thigh muscle volume, and body fat percentage...
February 14, 2018: Sportverletzung Sportschaden: Organ der Gesellschaft Für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443849/corr-insights%C3%A2-many-shoulder-mri-findings-in-elite-professional-throwing-athletes-resolve-after-retirement-a-clinical-and-radiographic-study
#6
Xavier Ampuero Duralde
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442213/elbow-injuries-in-the-adolescent-thrower
#7
REVIEW
Timothy B Griffith, James Kercher, S Clifton Willimon, Crystal Perkins, Xavier A Duralde
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: With an increasing rate of adolescent elbow injuries, especially in throwing athletes, the purpose of this review is to investigate the current literature regarding the diagnosis, treatment, and non-operative and operative outcomes of medial epicondyle fractures, ulnar collateral ligament repair, osteochondritis dissecans of the elbow, and olecranon stress fractures. RECENT FINDINGS: Acceptable outcomes with both non-operative and operative treatments of medial epicondyle fractures have been reported, with surgical indications continuing to evolve...
February 14, 2018: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440438/throwing-back-the-big-ones-saves-a-fishery-from-hot-water
#8
Malin L Pinsky
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 12, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427041/the-validity-of-parental-reports-on-motor-skills-performance-level-in-preschool-children-a-comparison-with-a-standardized-motor-test
#9
Annina E Zysset, Tanja H Kakebeeke, Nadine Messerli-Bürgy, Andrea H Meyer, Kerstin Stülb, Claudia S Leeger-Aschmann, Einat A Schmutz, Amar Arhab, Valentina Ferrazzini, Susi Kriemler, Simone Munsch, Jardena J Puder, Oskar G Jenni
Motor skills are interrelated with essential domains of childhood such as cognitive and social development. Thus, the evaluation of motor skills and the identification of atypical or delayed motor development is crucial in pediatric practice (e.g., during well-child visits). Parental reports on motor skills may serve as possible indicators to decide whether further assessment of a child is necessary or not. We compared parental reports on fundamental motor skills performance level (e.g., hopping, throwing), based on questions frequently asked in pediatric practice, with a standardized motor test in 389 children (46...
February 9, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426741/lower-shoulder-abduction-during-throwing-motion-may-cause-forceful-internal-impingement-and-decreased-anterior-stability
#10
Masaki Akeda, Teruhisa Mihata, Woong Kyo Jeong, Michelle H McGarry, Tetsuya Yamazaki, Thay Q Lee
BACKGROUND: Internal impingement and decreased anterior stability, which result from shoulder capsular loosening, are common shoulder pathologies in throwing athletes. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of shoulder abduction angle on shoulder internal impingement and anterior shoulder stability during the simulated throwing motion. METHODS: Eight cadaveric shoulders were tested by simulating the late-cocking and acceleration phases of the throwing motion for intact and thrower's shoulder conditions...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425951/a-novel-approach-to-challenging-ocd-related-beliefs-using-a-mobile-app-an-exploratory-study
#11
María Roncero, Amparo Belloch, Guy Doron
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: According to cognitive models, obsessive compulsive symptoms result from catastrophic misinterpretations of commonly occurring intrusive experiences and the use of counterproductive strategies to manage them. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) related beliefs such as inflated responsibility, importance of thoughts and perfectionism increases the likelihood of such misinterpretations. Consistent with a growing body of literature supporting the usefulness of mobile delivered technologies in fostering cognitive behavior change, the present study assessed the effectiveness of a novel cognitive training exercise designed to challenge OCD-related beliefs...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425816/recent-updates-for-designing-ccr5-antagonists-as-anti-retroviral-agents
#12
REVIEW
Harshil R Shah, Jignasa Ketan Savjani
The healthcare system faces various challenges in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) therapy due to resistance to Anti-Retroviral Therapy (ART) as a consequence of the evolutionary process. Despite the success of antiretroviral drugs like Zidovudine, Zalcitabine, Raltegravir WHO ranks HIV as one of the deadliest diseases with a mortality of one million lives in 2016. Thus, there emerges an urgency of developing a novel anti-retroviral agent that combat resistant HIV strains. The clinical development of ART from a single drug regimen to current triple drug combination is very slow...
January 31, 2018: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422370/you-can-trust-a-crystal-ball-about-as-far-as-you-can-throw-it
#13
EDITORIAL
Umberto Capitanio, Alessandro Larcher, Francesco Montorsi, Pierre Karakiewicz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 5, 2018: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421249/what-is-the-best-surgeon-s-knot-evaluation-of-the-security-of-the-different-laparoscopic-knot-combinations
#14
Armando Romeo, Claudia Lima Rocha, Luiz Flavio Fernandes, Fernanda de Almeida Asencio, Monica Tessmann Zomer, Christiane Fujimoto, Anastasia Ussia, Arnaud Wattiez, Philippe Robert Koninckx, William Kondo
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To investigate the security of various knot combinations in laparoscopic surgery. DESIGN: Different knot combinations (n=2000) were performed in a laparoscopic trainer. Dry or wet 2.0 polyglycolic acid or dry 2-0 poliglecaprone 25 were used. The tails were cut at 10mm and the loops were tested in a dynamometer. DESIGN CLASSIFICATION: Canadian Task Force Classification II prospective non randomised trial. MEASUREMENTS: The primary endpoints were the forces at which the knot combination opened or at which the suture broke...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408833/many-shoulder-mri-findings-in-elite-professional-throwing-athletes-resolve-after-retirement-a-clinical-and-radiographic-study
#15
Michael O Schär, Simone Dellenbach, Christian W Pfirrmann, Sumit Raniga, Bernhard Jost, Matthias A Zumstein
BACKGROUND: Anatomic findings on MRI scans of the shoulder likely affect patients differently based on their physical demands and fitness levels. The natural history of these anatomic findings once professional overhead athletes retire remains unclear. A better understanding of what happens with these findings after retirement may influence how we manage shoulder problems in athletes. PURPOSE: (1) What is the natural history of MRI-observed findings in the throwing and nonthrowing shoulders of professional European handball players after retirement from the sport? What proportion of these individuals have diagnosable findings on MRI, and do these findings disappear after retirement? (2) Do clinical findings such as Constant and Murley score and shoulder ROM change after retirement in these professional overhead athletes? METHODS: The inception cohort of this series consisted of the entire Swiss National European handball team except the goalkeepers...
March 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406433/ulnar-collateral-ligament-injuries-of-the-elbow-in-the-throwing-athlete
#16
Jeremy E Raducha, Joseph A Gil, Andrew Harris, Brett Owens
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 6, 2018: JBJS Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403186/innovative-usage-of-accessory-auricles-as-full-thickness-skin-graft
#17
Elankumar Subbarayan, Ravikumar Chittoria
Accessory auricles are relatively rare malformations arising from the first branchial arch which contains skin, fat and cartilage. The treatment is usually surgical removal for the cosmetic purpose. We are sharing our experience of utilising the accessory auricle skin as full thickness graft for post.burn reconstruction of the fingers contracture of a child. Even though this type of association is rare, it is an innovative idea following Sir Harold Gilles' principle 'Never throw anything away'.
July 2017: Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401199/effect-of-a-16-week-combined-strength-and-plyometric-training-program-followed-by-a-detraining-period-on-athletic-performance-in-pubertal-volleyball-players
#18
Abed Fathi, Raouf Hammami, Jason Moran, Rihab Borji, Sonia Sahli, Haithem Rebai
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of 16 weeks of combined strength and plyometric training or plyometric training alone, and how a detraining program can modify adaptations in response to the training stimulus. Sixty male volleyball players (circa PHV:-1 to +1 years from PHV) were assigned to a Combined Training group (CTG) (n=20), a Plyometric Training group (PTG) (n=20) or a control group (CG) (n=20). The experimental groups (CTG and PTG) participated in training twice weekly for 16 weeks...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401198/an-analysis-of-the-effects-of-sex-and-age-on-upper-and-lower-body-power-for-law-enforcement-agency-recruits-prior-to-academy-training
#19
Robert G Lockie, J Jay Dawes, Robin M Orr, Michael Stierli, Joseph M Dulla, Ashley J Orjalo
Power is an important characteristic for law enforcement officers. Tasks such as carrying or dragging a civilian to safety, jumping or vaulting, and suspect restraint and pursuit, require power to be effective. Certain recruits may be lacking in these qualities even if they have been accepted to a law enforcement agency (LEA). This study investigated upper- and lower-body power in male and female LEA recruits, and recruits of different ages, prior to academy training. Retrospective analysis of recruit data from one LEA was conducted...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401192/examination-of-a-multi-ingredient-pre-workout-supplement-on-total-volume-of-resistance-exercise-and-subsequent-strength-and-power-performance
#20
Haley C Bergstrom, M Travis Byrd, Brian J Wallace, Jody L Clasey
This study examined the acute effects of a multi-ingredient pre-workout supplement on: 1) total, lower, and upper body volume of resistance exercise; and 2) the subsequent lower body strength (isokinetic leg extension and flexion), lower (vertical jump [VJ] height), upper body power (bench-throw velocity [BTv]), and cycle ergometry performance (critical power [CP] and anaerobic work capacity [AWC]). Twelve men completed baseline strength and power measures prior to two experimental visits, supplement (SUP) and placebo (PL)...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
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