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Colombia public health system

Alfonso J Rodriguez-Morales, Maria Leonor Galindo-Marquez, Carlos Julian García-Loaiza, Juan Alejandro Sabogal-Roman, Santiago Marin-Loaiza, Andrés F Ayala, Guillermo J Lagos-Grisales, Carlos O Lozada-Riascos, Esteban Parra-Valencia, Jorge H Rojas-Palacios, Eduardo López, Pío López, Martin P Grobusch
OBJECTIVE: Geographical information systems (GIS) use for development of epidemiological maps in tropical diseases is increasingly frequently utilized. Here, we apply this technique to map the current Zika virus (ZIKV) outbreak in Colombia. METHODS: Surveillance cases data of the ongoing epidemic of ZIKV in Valle del Cauca department and its capital, Cali (2015-2016), were used to estimate cumulated incidence rates (cases/100,000 population) to develop the first maps in the department and it municipalities...
October 14, 2016: Infection
Lauren Arnesen, Pablo Durán, Juan Silva, Luisa Brumana
Objective To consolidate available information from the Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) region on 1) national incidence of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and 2) national-level government inputs on ROP (existing national policies, guidelines, programs, and financing for ROP prevention, detection, and treatment, including ROP screening) in 2014. Methods In March and April 2015, a multi-country online survey was distributed to 56 medical and public health experts working on ROP in LAC countries. Respondents were instructed to provide quantitative and qualitative information representative of the national situation in 2014 for ROP incidence and national-level government inputs (existing national policies, guidelines, programs, and financing for ROP prevention, detection, and treatment, including ROP screening) in their country...
June 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
Egdda Patricia Vanegas, Ángela Patricia Acosta, Claudia Patricia Vaca González, José Julián López Gutiérrez, Laura Angélica Pineda, Javier Humberto Guzmán, Alejandro Gaviria, Fernando Ruiz
The use of drugs for unregistered indications, known as "off-label" use, is a practice that creates problems of rational use and access when other options are not available. Health systems should address this situation, particularly in connection with decisions concerning coverage, while trying to minimize health risks and clearly define the roles and responsibilities of the parties involved. Colombia's Ministry of Health and Social Protection (MinSalud), together with the National University of Colombia and national experts, developed a proposal for a model for managing drugs being used for unregistered indications (off-label) and their potential reimbursement with public resources, taking into account international practices and country characteristics...
May 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
Dioselina Peláez, Blanca Lisseth Guzmán, Johanna Rodríguez, Felipe Acero, Gerardo Nava
INTRODUCTION: Since drinking water can be a vehicle for the transmission of pathogens, the detection of enteric viruses in these water samples is essential to establish the appropriate measures to control and prevent associated diseases.  OBJECTIVE: To analyze the results obtained for enteric viruses in water samples for human consumption received at the Colombian Instituto Nacional de Salud and establish their association with the data on water quality in Colombian municipalities...
2016: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
Eric Delmelle, Michael Hagenlocher, Stefan Kienberger, Irene Casas
Dengue fever has gradually re-emerged across the global South, particularly affecting urban areas of the tropics and sub-tropics. The dynamics of dengue fever transmission are sensitive to changes in environmental conditions, as well as local demographic and socioeconomic factors. In 2010, the municipality of Cali, Colombia, experienced one of its worst outbreaks, however the outbreak was not spatially homogeneous across the city. In this paper, we evaluate the role of socioeconomic and environmental factors associated with this outbreak at the neighborhood level, using a Geographically Weighted Regression model...
September 9, 2016: Acta Tropica
Daniel Ricardo Zaraza-Morales, Dora María Hernández-Holguín
Mental health care based on the community has shown to be effective and successful for the health care service to people with severe mental disorders such as schizophrenia, evidence that is less clear in the health care system in Colombia, where weaknesses are present, both for prevention and rehabilitation, although national guidelines give importance to the social context in relation to the disease. As a contribution to the discussion on providing care for people living with schizophrenia, a topic review was conducted with the aim of identifying experiences in community mental health care services, in relation to their relevance to these people at the national level...
August 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Carlos Pineda, Roberto Muñoz-Louis, Carlo V Caballero-Uribe, Diego Viasus
At the end of 2013, the Pan American Health Organization issued an epidemiological alert due to the detection of the first local cases of Chikungunya in the Americas. By August 2015, autochthonous transmissions were detected in 33 countries and territories of the Americas. Latin America has reported nearly one million cases; only Colombia has issued a report of >200,000 cases during the first 4 months of 2015. In some Latin American and Caribbean countries, Chikungunya becomes a major public health problem...
October 2016: Clinical Rheumatology
Isabel Garcia de Quevedo, Felipe Lobelo, Loren Cadena, Madalena Soares, Michael Pratt
Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are the leading causes of death worldwide, with higher rates of premature mortality in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). This places a high economic burden on these countries, which usually have limited capacity to address this public health problem. We developed a guided self-assessment tool for describing national capacity for NCD prevention and control. The purpose of this tool was to assist countries in identifying key opportunities and gaps in NCD capacity. It was piloted in three countries between 2012 and 2013: Mozambique, Colombia, and the Dominican Republic...
June 30, 2016: Global Health Promotion
Santiago Alzate-Urrea, Andres A Agudelo-Suarez, James Y Monsalve-Orrego, Flor E Londono-Candanoza, Geidy Del C Chinome-Florez, Aida L Julio-Perez, Luisa F Arias-Durango, Karen M Perez-Torres
INTRODUCTION: We aim to understand the perception about discrimination within the LGBT population when accessing oral health services, from their perspective as well as that of the oral health professional. METHODS: A qualitative study from a phenomenological perspective was conducted by means of 37 in-depth interwiews (19 in health service providers and 18 in LGBT members). The script used in the interview included questions related to discrimination in social spaces, quality of life and its relationship with health, access to general and oral health care and proposals and strategies...
2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Juan David Ramírez, Carolina Hernández, Cielo M León, Martha S Ayala, Carolina Flórez, Camila González
Leishmaniases are tropical zoonotic diseases, caused by kinetoplastid parasites from the genus Leishmania. New World (NW) species are related to sylvatic cycles although urbanization processes have been reported in some South American Countries such as Colombia. Currently, few studies show the relative distribution of Leishmania species related to cutaneous Leishmaniasis (CL) in South America due to the lack of accurate surveillance and public health systems. Herein, we conducted a systematic estimation of the Leishmania species causing CL in Colombia from 1980 to 2001 via molecular typing and isoenzymes...
2016: Scientific Reports
Pablo E Chaparro-Narváez, Mary Lopez-Perez, Lina Marcela Rengifo, Julio Padilla, Sócrates Herrera, Myriam Arévalo-Herrera
BACKGROUND: During the last decade, Colombia presented a significant decrease in malaria clinical cases and associated mortality. However, there is a lack of reliable information about the prevalence and characteristics of complicated malaria cases as well as its association with different Plasmodium species. A description of the epidemiological and clinical aspects of complicated malaria in Colombia is presented here. METHODS: A descriptive study was conducted using data collected between 2007 and 2013 by the Public Health Surveillance System (SIVIGILA)...
2016: Malaria Journal
Maria Eugenia Jimenez Corona, Ana Lucía De la Garza Barroso, Jose Cruz Rodriguez Martínez, Norma Irene Luna Guzmán, Cuitláhuac Ruiz Matus, José Alberto Díaz Quiñonez, Irma Lopez Martinez, Pablo A Kuri Morales
INTRODUCTION: Since 2014, autochthonous circulation of Zika virus (ZIKV) in the Americas was detected (Easter Island, Chile). In May 2015, Brazil confirmed autochthonous --transmission and in October of that year Colombia reported their first  cases. Now more than 52 countries have reported cases, including Mexico. To deal with this contingency in Mexico, several surveillance systems, in addition to systems for vector-borne diseases were strengthened with the participation of all health institutions...
2016: PLoS Currents
Ingrid Vargas, Amparo Susana Mogollón-Pérez, Pierre De Paepe, Maria Rejane Ferreira da Silva, Jean-Pierre Unger, María-Luisa Vázquez
Although integrated healthcare networks (IHNs) are promoted in Latin America in response to health system fragmentation, few analyses on the coordination of care across levels in these networks have been conducted in the region. The aim is to analyse the existence of healthcare coordination across levels of care and the factors influencing it from the health personnel' perspective in healthcare networks of two countries with different health systems: Colombia, with a social security system based on managed competition and Brazil, with a decentralized national health system...
July 2016: Health Policy and Planning
Svetlana V Doubova, Frederico C Guanais, Ricardo Pérez-Cuevas, David Canning, James Macinko, Michael R Reich
This study evaluated primary care attributes of patient-centered care associated with the public perception of good quality in Brazil, Colombia, Mexico and El Salvador. We conducted a secondary data analysis of a Latin American survey on public perceptions and experiences with healthcare systems. The primary care attributes examined were access, coordination, provider-patient communication, provision of health-related information and emotional support. A double-weighted multiple Poisson regression with robust variance model was performed...
September 2016: Health Policy and Planning
Rodrigo A Aguayo-Romero, Carol A Reisen, Maria Cecilia Zea, Fernanda T Bianchi, Paul J Poppen
This paper examined structural, social, and personal characteristics that shape the processes of gender affirmation and body modification among transgender persons (assigned male at birth) in Bogotá, Colombia. Qualitative data from life-history interviews (N=14) and a focus group (N=11) explored research questions concerning the ways in which the internal psychological and external contextual processes influence individuals' decisions and behaviors concerning hormonal treatment, injections, or surgery. Research questions concerning practices and consequences of treatment performed without medical supervision were addressed through qualitative data, as well as quantitative data from 58 transgender participants...
2015: International Journal of Transgenderism
Angélica Castellanos, Pablo Chaparro-Narváez, Cristhian David Morales-Plaza, Alberto Alzate, Julio Padilla, Myriam Arévalo, Sócrates Herrera
Gold-mining may play an important role in the maintenance of malaria worldwide. Gold-mining, mostly illegal, has significantly expanded in Colombia during the last decade in areas with limited health care and disease prevention. We report a descriptive study that was carried out to determine the malaria prevalence in gold-mining areas of Colombia, using data from the public health surveillance system (National Health Institute) during the period 2010-2013. Gold-mining was more prevalent in the departments of Antioquia, Córdoba, Bolívar, Chocó, Nariño, Cauca, and Valle, which contributed 89...
January 2016: Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
Juliana Mejía-Trujillo, Augusto Pérez-Gómez, María Fernanda Reyes-Rodríguez
For more than two years, Corporación Nuevos Rumbos (Colombia) has been carrying out, in eight Colombian communities, a preventive system called Comunidades Que se Cuidan (CQC), an adaptation of Communities That Care (CTC), created at the University of Washington (Seattle), developed for more than 25 years in the United States of America and implemented in eight countries of America, Oceania, and Europe. The system is based on the public health approach, and the social development strategy for community empowerment...
2015: Adicciones
Jancy Andrea Huertas
Environmental pollution is a growing problem that negatively impacts health with social and economic high costs. In this sense, coordinated surveillance of conditions, risks, exposures and health effects related to pollution is a useful tool to guide decision-making processes. The objective of this essay was to describe a surveillance system for environmental contaminants in Colombia and its design background. Using the technical guidelines proposed by the Pan American Health Organization, a literature review was conducted to identify the key elements to be included in such surveillance system and to establish which of these elements were already present in the Colombian context...
August 2015: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
Gabriel Escanés, Marcela Agudelo-Botero, Doris Cardona
The aim of this study was to estimate the effect of run-over fatalities and traffic collisions in life expectancy in Argentina, Chile, Colombia and Mexico, between 2000 and 2011. Years of life expectancy lost (YLEL) were calculated for the periods 2000-2002 and 2009-2011. The results show that road traffic deaths made up between 1% and 4% of all deaths in each country. In the first period, the highest level of mortality occurred in Colombia (YLEL=0.96) and the lowest in Argentina (YLEL=0.59). In all the countries studied except Argentina, the impact of these deaths on life expectancy was reduced in the second period...
September 2015: Salud Colectiva
Carlos Humberto Torres Rey, Milciades Ibañez Pinilla, Leonardo Briceño Ayala, Diana Milena Checa Guerrero, Gloria Morgan Torres, Helena Groot de Restrepo, Marcela Varona Uribe
In Colombia, coal miner pneumoconiosis is considered a public health problem due to its irreversibility, high cost on diagnosis, and lack of data related to its prevalence in the country. Therefore, a cross-sectional study was carried out in order to determine the prevalence of pneumoconiosis in underground coal mining workers in two regions of Colombia. The results showed a 35.9% prevalence of pneumoconiosis in the study group (42.3% in region 1 and 29.9% in region 2). An association was found between a radiologic diagnosis of pneumoconiosis and a medium risk level of exposure to carbon dust (OR: 2...
2015: BioMed Research International
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