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Colombia public health system

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288739/mapping-the-residual-incidence-of-taeniasis-and-cysticercosis-in-colombia-2009-2013-using-geographical-information-systems-implications-in-public-health-and-travel-medicine
#1
Alfonso J Rodríguez-Morales, María Camila Yepes-Echeverri, Wilmer F Acevedo-Mendoza, Hamilton A Marín-Rincón, Carlos Culquichicón, Esteban Parra-Valencia, Jaime A Cardona-Ospina, Ana Flisser
BACKGROUND: In Colombia, taeniasis and cysticercosis have been significantly reduced over the past decades, however still reported with implications for public health and travel medicine. METHODS: An observational, retrospective study, in which the incidence of taeniasis and cysticercosis (ICD-10 codes B68s/B69s) in Colombia, 2009-2013, was estimated based on data extracted from the Individual Health Records System (Registro Individual de Prestación de Servicios, RIPS) was performed...
December 27, 2017: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261699/sugary-drinks-taxation-projected-consumption-and-fiscal-revenues-in-colombia-evidence-from-a-quaids-model
#2
Juan Carlos Caro, Shu Wen Ng, Ricardo Bonilla, Jorge Tovar, Barry M Popkin
The global shift towards diets high in sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) is linked to higher prevalence of obesity, diabetes and most other non-communicable diseases. In Colombia, one out of every two people was overweight or obese by 2010. This study estimates price-elasticities from a Quadratic Almost Ideal Demand System model, using the 2006-2007 Colombian Income and Expenditure survey. The food groups that were jointly considered were: unsweetened unflavored milks; coffee and tea; sugar sweetened beverages (SSBs); sweets and candies (including sugar); dairy products; meats and animal-based products; grains based staples; fruits and vegetables; and condiments and snacks...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248058/supplemental-health-insurance-in-the-colombian-managed-care-system-adverse-or-advantageous-selection
#3
David Bardey, Giancarlo Buitrago
The aim of this article is to estimate the type of selection that exists in the supplemental health insurance market in Colombia where compulsory coverage is implemented through managed care competition. We build a panel database that combines individuals' information from the Ministry of Health and a database provided by two private health insurers. We perform the correlation test for consumption of health services frequency and supplemental coverage. Following Fang et al. (2008), we condition the estimation on health controls that are available to the econometrician but not to insurers...
December 2017: Journal of Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243016/health-status-and-experience-of-the-migrant-workers-returned-from-spain-to-colombia-a-qualitative-approach
#4
Carolina Zapata-Villa, Andrés A Agudelo-Suárez, Doris Cardona-Arango, Elena Ronda-Pérez
This study aims to understand the migratory experience and the employment, work and health conditions of the returned migrants from Spain to Colombia. A qualitative study was conducted by means of 23 semi-structured interviews with Colombian returned migrant workers. Qualitative narrative content analysis was performed using Atlas.Ti software. Main findings are represented by nine categories emerged from the participants' discourses: (1) impact of the economic crisis on work and employment conditions in Spain, (2) economic crisis and return, (3) characteristics of returnees, (4) perception of the returnees about Colombia, (5) the role of social support networks, (6) employment and working conditions in Colombia, (7) health and wellbeing, (8) future plans and expectations, (9) the experience of being immigrant...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177397/-not-everything-is-zika-congenital-toxoplasmosis-still-prevalent-in-colombia
#5
Jorge L Alvarado-Socarras, Keyla Meneses-Silvera, Andrea Carolina Zarate-Vergara, Carlos Guerrero-Gomez, Alfonso J Rodriguez-Morales
Congenital toxoplasmosis continues to be a public health threat. Even existing guidelines, publicly known, its implementation and lack of appropriate interpretation of serological tests in pregnancy is often observed. This leds to failure in opportunities for positive and known interventions to decrease the fetal risk due to Toxoplasma gondii infection. We reported herein a case series, with variable neurological and systemic compromise (respiratory distress, hepatosplenomegaly, enterocolitis, brain calcifications, thrombocytopenia, ascites, shock), even fatal, calling for awareness about the fact that despite the Zika epidemics in 2015-2016 in Brazil, Colombia and other countries, precisely toxoplasmosis, is a differential diagnosis still prevalent in these territories, that can leds to severe consequences, with neurological disability and risk of ocular damage, even lately...
April 2017: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977271/-health-workers-experiences-in-dealing-with-the-neoliberal-logic-a-study-of-primary-care-in-colombia-and-brazil
#6
Johanna Garrido-Pinzón, Marcia Hespanhol Bernardo
: The aim of this study was to analyze the experiences of primary healthcare workers in the public health systems in Colombia and Brazil in relation to the neoliberal logic. These two cases are relevant to public health research, as examples of health systems that emerged from opposing guidelines: the Colombian system was created at the government level with a marked private-sector influence, while the Brazilian system was an important conquest by social movements. Based on the Social Psychology of Work, this was a qualitative and empirical study...
September 28, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923090/mapping-occurrence-of-taenia-solium-taeniosis-cysticercosis-and-areas-at-risk-of-porcine-cysticercosis-in-central-america-and-the-caribbean-basin
#7
Uffe Christian Braae, Brecht Devleesschauwer, Fortune Sithole, Ziqi Wang, Arve Lee Willingham
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to map the occurrence of Taenia solium taeniosis/cysticercosis at national level within Central America and the Caribbean basin, and to map the distribution of porcine cysticercosis at first-level administrative subdivision level (department level) and the porcine population at risk. This zoonotic parasite is believed to be widely endemic across most of Latin America. However, there is little information readily available for Central America and the Caribbean basin...
September 18, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915811/strategies-for-the-quality-assessment-of-the-health-care-service-providers-in-the-treatment-of-gastric-cancer-in-colombia
#8
María Del Pilar Villamil, David Barrera, Nubia Velasco, Oscar Bernal, Esteban Fajardo, Carlos Urango, Sebastian Buitrago
BACKGROUND: While, at its inception in 1993, the health care system in Colombia was publicized as a paradigm to be copied across the developing world, numerous problems in its implementation have led to, what is now, an inefficient and crisis-ridden health system. Furthermore, as a result of inappropriate tools to measure the quality of the health service providers, several corruption scandals have arisen in the country. This study attempts to tackle this situation by proposing a strategy for the quality assessment of the health service providers (Entidades Promotoras de Salud, EPS) in the Colombian health system...
September 15, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767814/-public-private-relations-in-the-colombian-health-system-from-1991-to-2015
#9
William Iván López Cárdenas, Adelyne Maria Mendes Pereira, Cristiani Vieira Machado
The case of Colombia's health system exemplifies the neoliberal reforms conducted in Latin America, characterized by the private sector's broad participation in the administration of resources and provision of health services. The system includes a set of benefits for persons that can afford to pay and a package of basic services with state financing for poor persons. This study aimed to analyze the public-private arrangements in the Colombian health system from 1991 and 2015, including the dimensions of insurance and financing...
July 27, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767813/-new-changes-old-systems-health-policies-in-mexico-and-colombia-in-the-21st-century
#10
Monica Uribe-Gómez
Recent years have witnessed discussion on the need for changes in the health systems of Latin America. This initiative, spearheaded once again by the World Bank as Universal Health Coverage, focuses on strategies for protection against financial risks and unified access to essential services and medicines. Although the World Bank approaches have been incorporated in different ways by the region's countries since the 1980s, there have also been important breaks with this trend, for example in Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay, and Ecuador, which have sought at different times to implement policies and programs emphasizing non-market-driven values...
July 27, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738782/space-and-space-time-distributions-of-dengue-in-a-hyper-endemic-urban-space-the-case-of-girardot-colombia
#11
Mauricio Fuentes-Vallejo
BACKGROUND: Dengue is a widely spread vector-borne disease. Dengue cases in the Americas have increased over the last few decades, affecting various urban spaces throughout these continents, including the tourism-oriented city of Girardot, Colombia. Interactions among mosquitoes, pathogens and humans have recently been examined using different temporal and spatial scales in attempts to determine the roles that social and ecological systems play in dengue transmission. The current work characterizes the spatial and temporal behaviours of dengue in Girardot and discusses the potential territorial dynamics related to the distribution of this disease...
July 24, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608844/the-recreov%C3%A3-a-of-bogot%C3%A3-a-community-based-physical-activity-program-to-promote-physical-activity-among-women-baseline-results-of-the-natural-experiment-al-ritmo-de-las-comunidades
#12
Olga L Sarmiento, Ana Paola Rios, Diana C Paez, Karoll Quijano, Rogério César Fermino
Community-based physical activity (PA) programs in Latin America have been recognized because of the use of available environmental resources to offer PA classes. Yet, the evaluation of programs focused on PA classes involving dancing in public spaces is limited. The aim of this study was to assess the physical activity levels, park use, and the contextual characteristics of public parks with and without the Recreovía in Bogotá in Colombia. Al Ritmo de las Comunidades is a natural experiment conducted in nine parks (3 parks implementing new Recreovías, 3 control parks and 3 parks with existing Recreovías) during 2013...
June 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591262/fatal-cryptococcus-gattii-genotype-vgi-infection-in-an-hiv-positive-patient-in-barranquilla-colombia
#13
María Clara Noguera, Patricia Escandón, Elizabeth Castañeda
Cryptococcosis is a major invasive fungal disease related worldwide with the AIDS population. New reports of HIV/AIDS cases to the national public health surveillance system (SIVIGILA) in Colombia have shown that there is a growing community at risk of contracting cryptococcosis throughout the country who do not have access to ART. Even though the most prevalent species Cryptococcus neoformans is mainly associated with the HIV population, we report a fatal case of cryptococcosis in an AIDS patient in Barranquilla, associated with Cryptococcus gattii VGI, isolated from blood culture...
June 1, 2017: Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520759/first-evidence-of-the-hepatitis-e-virus-in-environmental-waters-in-colombia
#14
Paula A Baez, Maria Camila Lopez, Alejandra Duque-Jaramillo, Dioselina Pelaez, Francisco Molina, Maria-Cristina Navas
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is one of the main causes of acute viral hepatitis of enteric transmission. HEV has been detected in environmental samples in several countries from Europe and Asia, constituting a risk factor for waterborne infection. In Colombia, HEV has been identified in samples obtained from patients as well as from swine, but no environmental studies have been carried out. To determine if HEV is present in environmental waters, samples from the main source of drinking water plant and of wastewater system of eight municipalities and two villages of Antioquia state (North West Colombia), were collected between December 2012 and April 2014...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487212/mapping-the-ecoepidemiology-of-zika-virus-infection-in-urban-and-rural-areas-of-pereira-risaralda-colombia-2015-2016-implications-for-public-health-and-travel-medicine
#15
Alfonso J Rodriguez-Morales, Pablo Ruiz, Javier Tabares, Carlos Augusto Ossa, Maria Camila Yepes-Echeverry, Valeria Ramirez-Jaramillo, Maria Leonor Galindo-Marquez, Carlos Julian García-Loaiza, Juan Alejandro Sabogal-Roman, Esteban Parra-Valencia, Guillermo J Lagos-Grisales, Carlos O Lozada-Riascos, Cornelis A de Pijper, Martin P Grobusch
OBJECTIVE: Geographical information systems (GIS) have been demonstrated earlier to be of great use to inform public health action against vector-borne infectious diseases. METHODS: Using surveillance data on the ongoing ZIKV outbreak from Pereira, Colombia (2015-2016), we estimated incidence rates (cases/100,000 population), and developed maps correlating with the ecoepidemiology of the area. RESULTS: Up to October 8, 2016, 439 cases of ZIKV were reported in Pereira (93 cases/100,000 pop...
July 2017: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453110/-on-health-research-as-public-policy-in-colombia-assessment-and-perspectives
#16
Fabio A Escobar-Díaz, Carlos A Agudelo-Calderón
This essay presents some elements of analysis for thinking about health research in Colombia as a public policy, something which was formed starting in 1990 with the establishment of Science and Technology regulations. A set of institutional adjustments was carried out which led to the creation of the National Program of Health Science and Technology and the National Council of Health Science and Technology. In addition, it led to the institutionalization of calls for research proposals as a mechanism for selecting research projects and assigning resources in accordance with the needs and priorities of the National System of Science and Technology...
June 2016: Revista de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453097/-description-of-the-process-of-preparation-and-response-of-local-health-authorities-facing-the-introduction-of-the-chikungunya-virus-in-colombia-2014
#17
Ángela P Alarcón-Cruz, Edgar Prieto-Suárez
Objective To describe the process of preparation and response of local health authorities in key public health issues while facing the introduction stage of an unusual virus: Chikungunya in Colombia in 2014. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted using a survey that was developed for this study and sent to Public Health coordinators and to the person in charge of vector borne-diseases in the country's territorial entities. Results 23 out of the 35 territories at risk from the transmission of Chikungunya agreed to answer the survey...
June 2016: Revista de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453060/-physician-patient-relationship-impact-on-promotion-and-prevention-campaigns-for-patients-with-hiv-in-medellin
#18
Viviana Bermúdez-Román, Lemy Bran-Piedrahita, Lucía Palacios-Moya, Isabel C Posada-Zapata
Objective To understand the impact that healthcare professionals have on the perception of health promotion and disease prevention campaigns of individuals with HIV in Medellin, Colombia in 2012. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The research was conducted using a qualitative approach, based on the Strauss and Corbin´s Grounded Theory; thirteen people were interviewed during two sequential steps. The interviews were transcribed and analyzed in accordance with the theory mentioned above, by performing an open and axial coding on the data found...
August 2016: Revista de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418539/ophthalmic-manifestations-of-congenital-zika-syndrome-in-colombia-and-venezuela
#19
MULTICENTER STUDY
Juan B Yepez, Felipe A Murati, Michele Pettito, Carlos F Peñaranda, Jazmin de Yepez, Gladys Maestre, J Fernando Arevalo
Importance: The ocular manifestations and sequelae of Zika virus infection are not well known. Recently, the World Health Organization changed the declaration of Zika as a public health emergency and designated the viral outbreak and related microcephaly clusters as a long-term program of work. This change indicates the urgent need to evaluate and document ophthalmic manifestations in patients for timely management of this disease. In addition, confirmation whether the public health problem in Brazil extends to other regions in South America is needed...
May 1, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411523/doctors-experience-of-coordination-across-care-levels-and-associated-factors-a-cross-sectional-study-in-public-healthcare-networks-of-six-latin-american-countries
#20
María-Luisa Vázquez, Ingrid Vargas, Irene Garcia-Subirats, Jean-Pierre Unger, Pierre De Paepe, Amparo Susana Mogollón-Pérez, Isabella Samico, Pamela Eguiguren, Angelica-Ivonne Cisneros, Adriana Huerta, María-Cecilia Muruaga, Fernando Bertolotto
Improving coordination between primary care (PC) and secondary care (SC) has become a policy priority in recent years for many Latin American public health systems looking to reinforce a healthcare model based on PC. However, despite being a longstanding concern, it has scarcely been analyzed in this region. This paper analyses the level of clinical coordination between PC and SC experienced by doctors and explores influencing factors in public healthcare networks of Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Uruguay...
June 2017: Social Science & Medicine
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