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Colombia health policy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486584/comparison-of-health-examination-survey-methods-in-brazil-chile-colombia-mexico-england-scotland-and-the-usa
#1
Jennifer S Mindell, Alison Moody, Andres I Vecino-Ortiz, Tania Alfaro, Patricia Frenz, Shaun Scholes, Silvia A Gonzalez, Paula Margozzini, Cesar de Oliveira, Luz Maria Sanchez Romero, Andres Alvarado, Sebastián Cabrera, Olga L Sarmiento, Camilo A Triana, Simón Barquera
Comparability of population surveys across countries is key to appraising trends in population health. Achieving this requires deep understanding of the methods used in these surveys to examine the extent to which the measurements are comparable. In this paper, we obtained detailed protocols of eight nationally representative surveys in seven countries from Latin America, the United Kingdom and the United States of America 2007-2013 that differ in economic and inequity indicators. Data on sampling frame, sample selection procedures, recruitment, data collection methods, content of interview and examination modules, and measurement protocols were collected...
May 9, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483176/-sexual-abuse-and-neglect-situations-as-risk-factors-for-adolescent-pregnancy
#2
Miguel Restrepo Martínez, Laura Trujillo Numa, Diana Restrepo Bernal, Yolanda Torres de Galvis, Gloria Sierra
BACKGROUND: In Colombia, one out of five women between the ages of 15 and 19 years have been pregnant. Almost two-thirds (64%) of these pregnancies were unplanned. OBJECTIVES: To examine the socio-demographic, psychosocial and clinical risk factors associated with adolescent pregnancy. METHODS: An analytical prevalence study was performed using secondary data from the First Demographic Study of Mental Health in Medellin, Colombia. Female adolescents between 13 and 19 years of age were included in the study...
April 2017: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453120/physical-activity-in-a-rural-community-in-colombia
#3
Álvaro Mondragón-Cardona, Francisco J Bonilla-Escobar, Verónica Álzate-Carvajal, Johana C Rojas-Mirquez, Carlos E Jiménez-Canizales, Daniel Tobón-García, Francisco Vásquez, Juan D Jaramillo-Sánchez
Objective: To characterize physical activity profiles in a rural community in the southwest of Colombia and to identify knowledge gaps on this issue in the country. Methods: Cross-sectional study conducted in a rural area in Puerto Caldas, Pereira, Risaralda. The population of the study was obtained by convenience sampling from people participating in the activities of the Second Multidisciplinary Camp for Research and Services (CUMIS, for its acronym in Spanish), which was organized by the Colombian Association of Medical Students' Scientific Societies (ASCEMCOL, for its acronym in Spanish)...
September 2016: Revista de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453111/-inequalities-in-the-continuity-of-outpatient-care-to-displaced-population-in-colombia-2012-2013
#4
Giana M Henríquez-Mendoza
Objective: To establish inequalities in the continuity of outpatient care to displaced population diagnosed with depression. Methods: A cross-sectional study, based on clinical records, was performed during the period between June 1, 2012 and June 30, 2013, on population diagnosed with depression and reduced to displaced population. The odds ratio was used to associate the type of population with the outpatient care control by professionals, adjusted by sex, age, affiliation and region...
September 2016: Revista de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453110/-on-health-research-as-public-policy-in-colombia-assessment-and-perspectives
#5
Fabio A Escobar-Díaz, Carlos A Agudelo-Calderón
This essay presents some elements of analysis for thinking about health research in Colombia as a public policy, something which was formed starting in 1990 with the establishment of Science and Technology regulations. A set of institutional adjustments was carried out which led to the creation of the National Program of Health Science and Technology and the National Council of Health Science and Technology. In addition, it led to the institutionalization of calls for research proposals as a mechanism for selecting research projects and assigning resources in accordance with the needs and priorities of the National System of Science and Technology...
June 2016: Revista de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453065/-identification-of-capacities-in-environmental-health-from-environmental-authorities-in-colombia
#6
Carlos A Agudelo-Calderón, Juan C García-Ubaque, Rocío Robledo-Martínez, Cesar A García-Ubaque, Martha L Vaca-Bohórquez
Objectives To diagnose the capabilities that environmental authorities and the Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development have to assume their role in environmental health, based on the capacity model of the United Nations Program for Development UNDP. Method Document review, interviews on key issues and a commented survey were conducted. 84 entities were selected for a tailored survey; complete information was obtained from 76 institutions. Results The valuation of environment favorability was within the acceptable and unfavorable categories; knowledge management capabilities were found to be precarious and assessment of functional capabilities ranged between appropriate and acceptable...
August 2016: Revista de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453060/-physician-patient-relationship-impact-on-promotion-and-prevention-campaigns-for-patients-with-hiv-in-medellin
#7
Viviana Bermúdez-Román, Lemy Bran-Piedrahita, Lucía Palacios-Moya, Isabel C Posada-Zapata
Objective To understand the impact that healthcare professionals have on the perception of health promotion and disease prevention campaigns of individuals with HIV in Medellin, Colombia in 2012. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The research was conducted using a qualitative approach, based on the Strauss and Corbin´s Grounded Theory; thirteen people were interviewed during two sequential steps. The interviews were transcribed and analyzed in accordance with the theory mentioned above, by performing an open and axial coding on the data found...
August 2016: Revista de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411523/doctors-experience-of-coordination-across-care-levels-and-associated-factors-a-cross-sectional-study-in-public-healthcare-networks-of-six-latin-american-countries
#8
María-Luisa Vázquez, Ingrid Vargas, Irene Garcia-Subirats, Jean-Pierre Unger, Pierre De Paepe, Amparo Susana Mogollón-Pérez, Isabella Samico, Pamela Eguiguren, Angelica-Ivonne Cisneros, Adriana Huerta, María-Cecilia Muruaga, Fernando Bertolotto
Improving coordination between primary care (PC) and secondary care (SC) has become a policy priority in recent years for many Latin American public health systems looking to reinforce a healthcare model based on PC. However, despite being a longstanding concern, it has scarcely been analyzed in this region. This paper analyses the level of clinical coordination between PC and SC experienced by doctors and explores influencing factors in public healthcare networks of Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Uruguay...
June 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411119/worldwide-comparison-of-survival-from-childhood-leukaemia-for-1995-2009-by-subtype-age-and-sex-concord-2-a-population-based-study-of-individual-data-for-89%C3%A2-828-children-from-198-registries-in-53-countries
#9
Audrey Bonaventure, Rhea Harewood, Charles A Stiller, Gemma Gatta, Jacqueline Clavel, Daniela C Stefan, Helena Carreira, Devon Spika, Rafael Marcos-Gragera, Rafael Peris-Bonet, Marion Piñeros, Milena Sant, Claudia E Kuehni, Michael F G Murphy, Michel P Coleman, Claudia Allemani
BACKGROUND: Global inequalities in access to health care are reflected in differences in cancer survival. The CONCORD programme was designed to assess worldwide differences and trends in population-based cancer survival. In this population-based study, we aimed to estimate survival inequalities globally for several subtypes of childhood leukaemia. METHODS: Cancer registries participating in CONCORD were asked to submit tumour registrations for all children aged 0-14 years who were diagnosed with leukaemia between Jan 1, 1995, and Dec 31, 2009, and followed up until Dec 31, 2009...
May 2017: Lancet Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344900/temporal-patterns-and-geographic-heterogeneity-of-zika-virus-zikv-outbreaks-in-french-polynesia-and-central-america
#10
Ying-Hen Hsieh
BACKGROUND: Zika virus (ZIKV) transmission has been reported in 67 countries/territories in the Oceania region and the Americas since 2015, prompting the World Health Organization (WHO) to declare ZIKV as a Public Health Emergency of International Concern in February 2016, due to its strong association with medical complications such as microcephaly and Guillain-Barré Syndrome (GBS). However, a substantial gap in knowledge still exists regarding differing temporal pattern and potential of transmission of ZIKV in different regions of the world...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335011/understanding-public-perception-of-the-need-for-major-change-in-latin-american-healthcare-systems
#11
Ricardo Pérez-Cuevas, Frederico C Guanais, Svetlana V Doubova, Leonardo Pinzón, Luis Tejerina, Diana Pinto Masis, Marcia Rocha, Donna O Harris, James Macinko
The opinions and experiences of the public regarding health services are valuable insights into identifying opportunities to improve healthcare systems. We analyzed the 2012-2013 Public Opinion Health Policy Survey carried out in Brazil (n = 1486), Colombia (n = 1485), El Salvador (n = 1460), Jamaica (n = 1480), México (n = 1492) and Panama (n = 1475). In these countries between 82 and 96% of participants perceived that their health systems needed fundamental changes. The most frequent barrier to access to healthcare was lack of the primary medical home, difficulties in obtaining medical care during the weekends and financial barriers...
March 17, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242350/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-internally-displaced-people-of-colombia-an-ecological-study
#12
Mariana Lagos-Gallego, Julio César Gutierrez-Segura, Guillermo J Lagos-Grisales, Alfonso J Rodriguez-Morales
BACKGROUND: Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) has been described as one of the most frequently reported mental condition among refugees and internally displaced populations (IDPs). Despite this, few has been reported about it in Latin America, even in Colombia, the country with the highest number of IDPs in the in the world. METHOD: This ecological study assessed incidence and differences of PTSD in general population and IDPs in Colombia and its departments (32) during 2009-2012...
March 2017: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146177/advanced-practice-nursing-a-strategy-for-achieving-universal-health-coverage-and-universal-access-to-health
#13
Denise Bryant-Lukosius, Ruta Valaitis, Ruth Martin-Misener, Faith Donald, Laura Morán Peña, Linda Brousseau
Objective: to examine advanced practice nursing (APN) roles internationally to inform role development in Latin America and the Caribbean to support universal health coverage and universal access to health. Method: we examined literature related to APN roles, their global deployment, and APN effectiveness in relation to universal health coverage and access to health. Results: given evidence of their effectiveness in many countries, APN roles are ideally suited as part of a primary health care workforce strategy in Latin America to enhance universal health coverage and access to health...
January 30, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104694/patient-perceptions-of-continuity-of-health-care-and-associated-factors-cross-sectional-study-in-municipalities-of-central-colombia-and-north-eastern-brazil
#14
Ingrid Vargas, Irene Garcia-Subirats, Amparo Susana Mogollón-Pérez, Pierre De Paepe, Maria Rejane Ferreira da Silva, Jean-Pierre Unger, M B Aller, María Luisa Vázquez
Despite the fragmentation of healthcare provision being considered one of the main obstacles to attaining effective health care in Latin America, very little is known about patients' perceptions. This paper analyses the level of continuity of health care perceived by users and explores influencing factors in two municipalities of Colombia and Brazil, by means of a cross-sectional study based on a survey of a multistage probability sample of people who had suffered at least one health problem within the previous three months (2163 in Colombia; 2167 in Brazil)...
May 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001198/-cigarette-taxes-and-demand-in-colombia
#15
Norman Maldonado, Blanca Llorente, Javier Deaza
Objective: Estimate price and income elasticities of aggregate demand for cigarettes in Colombia, by controlling for structural market changes since the late 1990s, to identify policy opportunities for taxes that could improve public health and increase tax revenues. Methods: Measurement of aggregate demand for cigarettes using gross income reported on value-added tax returns submitted to Colombia's National Tax and Customs Office (DIAN is the acronym in Spanish) by the tobacco product manufacturing industry, subtracting exports...
October 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993261/-design-and-implementation-of-the-data-collection-tools-for-national-mental-health-survey-of-colombia-2015
#16
Viviana Rodriguez, Socorro Moreno, Jhon Camacho, Carlos Gómez-Restrepo, Cecilia de Santacruz, Maria Nelcy Rodriguez, Nathalie Tamayo Martínez
INTRODUCTION: Population surveys on mental health are performed as part of the inputs required for the creation, implementation and evaluation of policies related to mental health, worldwide, and as an initiative of the World Health Organisation (WHO). was held The fourth National Survey of Mental Health (ENSM 2015) was carried out during the first half of 2015 on a representative sample of 2,727 children between 7 and 11 years of age, 1,754 adolescents, and 10, 870 adults who were selected throughout the country...
December 2016: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993258/-suicidal-behaviour-and-associated-factors-in-colombia-results-from-the-2015-national-mental-health-survey
#17
Alvaro Arenas, Carlos Gómez-Restrepo, Martin Rondón
INTRODUCTION: Suicidal behaviour leads to a significant cause of mortality in the world. It is important to know the factors associated with this behaviour in order to design public health policies that may decrease its incidence. OBJECTIVE: Describe the results of the Colombian National Survey of Mental Health related to suicidal behaviour in adults. RESULTS: It was observed that 5.5% (95% CI, 4.5-6.7) of men and 7.6% (95% CI, 6.6-8.7) of women had suicidal thoughts...
December 2016: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993253/-methodological-aspects-of-the-sampling-design-for-the-2015-national-mental-health-survey
#18
Nelcy Rodríguez, Viviana Alejandra Rodríguez, Eugenia Ramírez, Sandra Cediel, Fabián Gil, Martín Alonso Rondón
INTRODUCTION: The WHO has encouraged the development, implementation and evaluation of policies related to mental health all over the world. In Colombia, within this framework and promoted by the Ministry of Health and Social Protection, as well as being supported by Colciencias, the fourth National Mental Health Survey (NMHST) was conducted using a observational cross sectional study. According to the context and following the guidelines and sampling design, a summary of the methodology used for this sampling process is presented...
December 2016: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993252/-colombia-2015-national-mental-health-survey-study-protocol
#19
Carlos Gómez-Restrepo, Cecilia de Santacruz, María Nelcy Rodriguez, Viviana Rodriguez, Nathalie Tamayo Martínez, Diana Matallana, Lina M Gonzalez
INTRODUCTION: The 2015 National Mental Health Survey (NMHS) is the fourth mental survey conducted in Colombia, and is part of the National System of Surveys and Population Studies for health. METHODS: A narrative description is used to explain the background, references, the preparation, and characteristics of the 2015 NMHS. The 2015 NMHS and its protocol emerge from the requirements that support the national and international policies related to mental health. Together with the Ministry of Health and Social Protection, the objectives, the collection tools, the sample, and the operational plan are defined...
December 2016: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982371/tackling-malnutrition-in-latin-america-and-the-caribbean-challenges-and-opportunities
#20
Luis Galicia, Daniel López de Romaña, Kimberly B Harding, Luz María De-Regil, Rubén Grajeda
Undernutrition and micronutrient deficiencies are still a public health problem in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC), and overweight and obesity have reached epidemic proportions. To assess the nutrition landscape in LAC countries and guide future nutrition efforts and investments, the Pan American Health Organization and the Micronutrient Initiative joined efforts to 1) identify information gaps and describe the current nutritional situation in the region; 2) map existing policies to address malnutrition in Latin America; 3) describe the impact of conditional cash transfer programs (CCTs) on nutrition and health outcomes; and 4) identify the challenges and opportunities to address malnutrition in the region...
August 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
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