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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719729/influence-of-playing-rugby-on-long-term-brain-health-following-retirement-a-systematic-review-and-narrative-synthesis
#1
Joice Cunningham, Steven Broglio, Fiona Wilson
Objectives: The aim of this review was to systematically investigate long-term brain health in retired rugby players. Methods: Six databases were systematically searched from inception to January 2018 using Medical Subject Headings and keywords. Two reviewers independently screened studies for inclusion. Cross-sectional studies of living retired male or female rugby players in which at least one cognitive test was used as an outcome measure were included. Data extraction was performed using Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology guidelines...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530941/on-average-a-professional-rugby-union-player-is-more-likely-than-not-to-sustain-a-concussion-after-25-matches
#2
James Rafferty, Craig Ranson, Giles Oatley, Mohamed Mostafa, Prabhat Mathema, Tom Crick, Isabel S Moore
OBJECTIVES: To investigate concussion injury rates, the likelihood of sustaining concussion relative to the number of rugby union matches and the risk of subsequent injury following concussion. METHODS: A four-season (2012/2013-2015/2016) prospective cohort study of injuries in professional level (club and international) rugby union. Incidence (injuries/1000 player-match-hours), severity (days lost per injury) and number of professional matches conferring a large risk of concussion were determined...
March 12, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154693/epidemiology-of-injury-due-to-race-day-jockey-falls-in-professional-flat-and-jump-horse-racing-in-ireland-2011-2015
#3
Siobhan O'Connor, Giles Warrington, Adrian McGoldrick, SarahJane Cullen
CONTEXT:   Professional horse racing is considered a high-risk sport, yet the last analysis of fall and injury incidence in this sport in Ireland was completed between 1999 and 2006. OBJECTIVE:   To provide an updated analysis of the fall and injury incidence in professional flat and jump horse racing in Ireland from 2011 through 2015, compare it with the previous analysis, and detail the specific types and locations of injuries. DESIGN:   Descriptive epidemiology study...
December 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055883/efficacy-of-a-movement-control-injury-prevention-programme-in-adult-men-s-community-rugby-union-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Matthew J Attwood, Simon P Roberts, Grant Trewartha, Mike E England, Keith A Stokes
BACKGROUND: Exercise programmes aimed at reducing injury have been shown to be efficacious for some non-collision sports, but evidence in adult men's collision sports such as rugby union is lacking. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of a movement control injury prevention exercise programme for reducing match injuries in adult men's community rugby union players. METHODS: 856 clubs were invited to participate in this prospective cluster randomised (single-blind) controlled trial where clubs were the unit of randomisation...
March 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843846/sport-concussion-assessment-tool-third-edition-normative-reference-values-for-professional-rugby-union-players
#5
G W Fuller, O Govind, R Tucker, M Raftery
OBJECTIVES: To establish normative reference data for the SCAT3 in professional Rugby Union players. DESIGN: A cross sectional study in professional Rugby Union players competing in national and international professional competitions between 2015 and 2016. METHODS: The SCAT3 was administered pre-season or prior to tournaments. Data was collected electronically using a custom tablet application. SCAT3 subcomponents distributions were described and normative ranges determined using percentile cut-offs for average, unusually low/high, and extremely low/high scores...
April 2018: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825878/injuries-in-australian-rules-football-an-overview-of-injury-rates-patterns-and-mechanisms-across-all-levels-of-play
#6
Richard Saw, Caroline F Finch, David Samra, Peter Baquie, Tanusha Cardoso, Danielle Hope, John W Orchard
CONTEXT: The nature of Australian rules football (Australian football) predisposes both unique and common injuries compared with those sustained in other football codes. The game involves a combination of tackling, kicking, high-speed running (more than other football codes), and jumping. Two decades of injury surveillance has identified common injuries at the professional level (Australian Football League [AFL]). OBJECTIVE: To provide an overview of injuries in Australian rules football, including injury rates, patterns, and mechanisms across all levels of play...
August 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817411/effects-of-recent-concussion-and-injury-history-on-instantaneous-relative-risk-of-lower-extremity-injury-in-division-i-collegiate-athletes
#7
Peter C Fino, Lauren N Becker, Nora F Fino, Brett Griesemer, Michael Goforth, Per Gunnar Brolinson
BACKGROUND: Growing evidence suggests that concussion increases the risk of lower extremity (LE) musculoskeletal injury. However, it is unclear to how the effect of concussion on LE injury risk may be influenced by previous injuries. This study sought to examine the association between concussion, previous LE injuries, and the risk LE injury to the same previously injured limb (ipsilateral) or the opposite limb (contralateral). METHODS: This retrospective study examined medical records from 110 concussed athletes and 110 matched controls for LE injuries in the 365 days before and after the concussion event...
August 16, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771406/accuracy-of-components-of-scat-to-identify-children-with-concussion
#8
Franz E Babl, Diana Dionisio, Lucy Davenport, Amy Baylis, Stephen J C Hearps, Silvia Bressan, Emma J Thompson, Vicki Anderson, Ed Oakley, Gavin A Davis
BACKGROUND: The Sport Concussion Assessment Tool version 3 (SCAT3) and its child version (ChildSCAT3) are composite physical and neuropsychological scoring systems used to assess athletes after sport-related concussion. Based on limited validation data, we aimed to evaluate the ability of SCAT3 and ChildSCAT3 to differentiate children aged 5 to 16 years with concussion from controls. METHODS: Prospective observational study of children in the emergency department with concussion (CONC group) and 2 control groups ([1] upper-limb injury [ULI] and [2] Well children) with equal-sized subgroups in 3 age bands of 5 to 8, 9 to 12, and 13 to 16 years...
August 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559759/chiropractic-care-of-a-10-year-old-boy-with-nonorganic-gait-disorder-a-case-report
#9
David E Wasylynko
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this case report is to describe the multidisciplinary management of a boy with nonorganic gait disorder. CLINICAL FEATURES: A 10-year-old boy presented to a chiropractic clinic having had a concussion 1 week prior. He presented with lower limb muscle weakness and ataxia while weight bearing. He was referred immediately to the emergency department, from which he was sent to a neurologist at a children's hospital. The neurologist's diagnosis was nonorganic gait disorder...
June 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392337/epidemiology-of-injuries-in-australian-school-level-rugby-union
#10
Felix T Leung, Melinda M Franettovich Smith, Mark Brown, Ann Rahmann, M Dilani Mendis, Julie A Hides
OBJECTIVES: There is a high incidence of injuries in rugby union due to the physical nature of the game. There is a lack of large-scale injury surveillance data reported for school level rugby players of different ages. Our study aimed to investigate the frequency and nature of injuries being sustained during an Australian school level rugby union season. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. METHODS: Injury surveillance was conducted on 3585 rugby players from all 8 schools participating in an interschool rugby competition in Queensland, Australia...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222342/concussion-is-associated-with-altered-preparatory-postural-adjustments-during-gait-initiation
#11
Cailbhe Doherty, Liang Zhao, John Ryan, Yusuke Komaba, Akihiro Inomata, Brian Caulfield
Gait initiation is a useful surrogate measure of supraspinal motor control mechanisms but has never been evaluated in a cohort following concussion. The aim of this study was to quantify the preparatory postural adjustments (PPAs) of gait initiation (GI) in fifteen concussion patients (4 females, 11 males) in comparison to a group of fifteen age- and sex-matched controls. All participants completed variants of the GI task where their dominant and non-dominant limbs as the 'stepping' and 'support' limbs. Task performance was quantified using the centre of pressure (COP) trajectory of each foot (computed from a force plate) and a surrogate of the centre of mass (COM) trajectory (estimated from an inertial measurement unit placed on the sacrum)...
April 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900171/priorities-for-injury-prevention-in-women-s-australian-football-a-compilation-of-national-data-from-different-sources
#12
Lauren V Fortington, Caroline F Finch
BACKGROUND/AIM: Participation in Australian football (AF) has traditionally been male dominated and current understanding of injury and priorities for prevention are based solely on reports of injuries in male players. There is evidence in other sports that indicates that injury types differ between males and females. With increasing participation in AF by females, it is important to consider their specific injury and prevention needs. This study aimed to provide a first injury profile from existing sources for female AF...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855546/injuries-in-australian-school-level-rugby-union
#13
Felix T Leung, Melinda M Franettovich Smith, Julie A Hides
There is a high incidence of injuries in rugby union due to the physical nature of the game. In youth rugby union, there are large variations in injury rates reported. Our study investigated the rates of injuries in school-level rugby union players in Australia using the consensus statement for rugby union injuries. Injury surveillance was conducted on 480 rugby players from 1 school in Queensland, Australia. Injury data were collected using paper-based injury recording forms during the 8-week rugby season using a "medical-attention" injury definition...
November 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27501359/lower-extremity-stiffness-changes-after-concussion-in-collegiate-football-players
#14
Dominique F Dubose, Daniel C Herman, Deborah L Jones, Susan M Tillman, James R Clugston, Anthony Pass, Jorge A Hernandez, Terrie Vasilopoulos, Marybeth Horodyski, Terese L Chmielewski
PURPOSE: Recent research indicates that a concussion increases the risk of musculoskeletal injury. Neuromuscular changes after concussion might contribute to the increased risk of injury. Many studies have examined gait postconcussion, but few studies have examined more demanding tasks. This study compared changes in stiffness across the lower extremity, a measure of neuromuscular function, during a jump-landing task in athletes with a concussion (CONC) to uninjured athletes (UNINJ). METHODS: Division I football players (13 CONC and 26 UNINJ) were tested pre- and postseason...
January 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27474381/drop-jump-landing-varies-with-baseline-neurocognition-implications-for-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury-risk-and-prevention
#15
Daniel C Herman, Jeffrey T Barth
BACKGROUND: Neurocognitive status may be a risk factor for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. Neurocognitive domains such as visual attention, processing speed/reaction time, and dual-tasking may influence ACL injury risk via alterations to neuromuscular performance during athletic tasks. However, the relationship between neurocognition and performance during athletic tasks is not yet established. HYPOTHESIS: Athletes with low baseline neurocognitive scores will demonstrate poorer jump landing performance compared with athletes with high baseline neurocognitive score...
September 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27317504/association-between-altered-motor-control-of-trunk-muscles-and-head-and-neck-injuries-in-elite-footballers-an-exploratory-study
#16
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Julie A Hides, M Dilani Mendis, Melinda M Franettovich Smith, Tanja Miokovic, Andrew Cooper, Nancy Low Choy
BACKGROUND: Head and neck injuries are common in football. Injuries such as concussion can have serious consequences. Previous studies have shown that size and function of trunk muscles are predictive of lower limb injuries in professional Australian Football League (AFL) players. It is unknown whether measurement of trunk muscles can also be used to predict head and neck injuries. OBJECTIVES: To examine whether trunk muscle measurements predict head and neck injuries incurred by professional AFL players...
August 2016: Manual Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27277363/pattern-of-head-injuries-cranio-cerebral-due-to-homicide-in-association-with-other-injuries-a-retrospective-post-mortem-study-autopsied-at-dhaka-medical-college-morgue-house
#17
E B Akber, M T Alam, K M Rahman, I Jahan, S A Musa
Annually, homicide contributes to a greater number of the total head injury cases. This retrospective study was conducted from 1(st) January 2009 to 31(st)December 2011 at Dhaka Medical College Mortuary. During this study period of three years a total of 15300 autopsies were done of which 5649 cases (36.84%) were of head injuries. Of them 747(13.22%) were of homicidal, 4080(72.22%) road-traffic accidents, 502(8.88%) accidental and 320(5.66%) cases of fall from heights. Three hundred ninety eight (398) urban cases (53...
April 2016: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26701931/risus-study-rugby-injury-surveillance-in-ulster-schools
#18
H A P Archbold, A T Rankin, M Webb, R Nicholas, N W A Eames, R K Wilson, L A Henderson, G J Heyes, C M Bleakley
OBJECTIVE: To examine injury patterns in adolescent rugby players and determine factors associated with injury risk. DESIGN: Prospective injury surveillance study. SETTING: N=28 Grammar Schools in Ulster, Ireland (2014-2015 playing season). PARTICIPANTS: 825 adolescent rugby players, across in 28 school first XV rugby squads; mean age 16.9 years. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Injuries were classified by body part and diagnosis, and injury incidence using injuries per 1000 match hours of exposure...
April 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26674339/injury-risk-in-international-rugby-union-three-year-injury-surveillance-of-the-welsh-national-team
#19
Isabel S Moore, Craig Ranson, Prabhat Mathema
BACKGROUND: Within international Rugby Union, only injury rates during the Rugby World Cup have been reported. Therefore, injury rates and types during other international tournaments are unknown. PURPOSE: To assess the 3-year incidence, severity, nature, and causes of match and training injuries sustained during different international tournaments played by the Welsh national Rugby Union team. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study...
July 2015: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24345015/prognosis-of-outcome-in-adult-survivors-of-road-accidents-in-france-one-year-follow-up-in-the-esparr-cohort
#20
Hoang-Thy Nhac-Vu, Martine Hours, Laetitia Chossegros, Pierrette Charnay, Helene Tardy, Jean-Louis Martin, Jean-Michel Mazaux, Bernard Laumon
OBJECTIVE: The consequences of road crashes are various, and few studies have dealt with the multidimensionality of outcomes. The aim of the present study was to assess the multidimensional nature of outcomes one year after a crash and to determine predictive factors that could help in adapting medical and social care to prevent such consequences to improve road crash victims' prognosis. METHODS: The study population was the 886 respondents to the one-year follow-up from the ESPARR (Etude et Suivi d'une Population d'Accidentés de la Route du Rhône) cohort, aged ≥ 16 years; the analysis was carried out only on the 616 subjects who fully completed a self-report questionnaire on health, social, emotional, and financial status one year after a crash...
2014: Traffic Injury Prevention
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