keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Amputee

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891243/a-comprehensive-musculoskeletal-and-peripheral-nervous-system-assessment-of-war-related-bilateral-upper-extremity-amputees
#1
Mostafa Allami, Batool Mousavi, Mehdi Masoumi, Ehsan Modirian, Hadi Shojaei, Fatemeh Mirsalimi, Maryam Hosseini, Pirouz Pirouzi
BACKGROUND: Upper limb amputations are one of the unpleasant war injuries that armed forces are exposed to frequently. The present study aimed to assess the musculoskeletal and peripheral nervous systems in Iraq-Iran war veterans with bilateral upper extremity amputation. METHODS: The study consisted of taking a history and clinical examinations including demographic data, presence and location of pain, level of amputation, passive and active ranges of movement of the joints across the upper and lower extremities and spine, manual palpation, neurological examination, blood circulation pulses and issues related to a prosthetic limb...
2016: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890336/complications-and-revision-amputation-following-trauma-related-lower-limb-loss
#2
Eric Edison Low, Elizabeth Inkellis, Saam Morshed
INTRODUCTION: Trauma-related amputations are a common cause of limb loss in the United States. Despite the military and public health impact of trauma-related amputations, distributions of various lower limb amputations and the relative frequency of complications and revision amputations have not been well described. We used the National Trauma Data Bank (NTDB) in order to investigate the epidemiology of trauma-related lower extremity amputations among civilians in U.S. trauma centers...
November 18, 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888261/fluctuating-residual-limb-volume-accommodated-with-an-adjustable-modular-socket-design-a-novel-case-report
#3
Kay Mitton, Jai Kulkarni, Kenneth William Dunn, Anthony Hoang Ung
BACKGROUND: This novel case report describes the problems of prescribing a prosthetic socket in a left transfemoral amputee secondary to chronic patellofemoral instability compounded by complex regional pain syndrome. CASE DESCRIPTION AND METHODS: Following the amputation, complex regional pain syndrome symptoms recurred in the residual limb, presenting mainly with oedema. Due to extreme daily volume fluctuations of the residual limb, a conventional, laminated thermoplastic socket fitting was not feasible...
November 24, 2016: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887967/percutaneous-image-guided-cryoablation-for-the-treatment-of-phantom-limb-pain-in-amputees-a-pilot-study
#4
J David Prologo, Charles A Gilliland, Michael Miller, Paul Harkey, Jackie Knight, Darren Kies, C Matthew Hawkins, David Corn, David K Monson, Faramarz Edalat, Sean Dariushnia, Luke Brewster
PURPOSE: To prospectively evaluate percutaneous image-guided nerve cryoablation for treatment of refractory phantom limb pain (PLP) in a pilot cohort for purposes of deriving parameters to design a larger, randomized, parallel-armed, controlled trial. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 2015 to January 2016, 21 patients with refractory PLP underwent image-guided percutaneous cryoneurolysis procedures. Visual analog scale scores were documented at baseline and 7, 45, and 180 days after the procedure...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885098/energy-costs-and-performance-of-transfemoral-amputees-and-non-amputees-during-walking-and-running-a-pilot-study
#5
Larry J Mengelkoch, Jason T Kahle, M Jason Highsmith
BACKGROUND: Limited information is available concerning the effects of prosthetic foot components on energy costs and ambulatory performance for transfemoral amputees. OBJECTIVES: Compare energy costs (VO2; gait economy) and ambulatory performance (self-selected walking speeds, self-selected running speeds, peak running speeds) differences during walking and running for transfemoral amputees and matched, non-amputee runners. STUDY DESIGN: Repeated measures...
November 24, 2016: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882044/the-importance-of-rehabilitation-concerning-upper-extremity-amputees-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Kardem Soyer, Banu Unver, Seval Tamer, Ozlem Ulger
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and point out the importance of prosthetic rehabilitation of upper extremity. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed to identify studies concerning prosthetic rehabilitation in upper extremity. The PRISMA Statement 2009 was used to establish the study and the methodological quality was assessed. RESULTS: The literature search identified 620 studies. Of these 620, 9 studies fulfilled the inclusion criteria and were included for data extraction...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879592/reinnervated-split-muscle-technique-for-creating-additional-myoelectric-sites-in-an-animal-model
#7
Maria Florencia Deslivia, Hyun-Joo Lee, Rizki Fajar Zulkarnain, Bin Zhu, Arnold Adikrishna, In-Ho Jeon, Keehoon Kim
BACKGROUND: This study proposes a novel reinnervated split-muscle operation to create additional myoelectric sites as sources of command signals of myoelectric prostheses for enhanced dexterous hand-to-wrist motions. The aim of this study was to investigate the postprocedure electromyographic properties of the muscles as distinct myoelectric sites in a rat model. METHODS: The reinnervated split-muscle group (n = 6) had the gastrocnemius muscle separated along its longitudinal axis and nerves transferred to each new muscle (peroneal nerve to lateral muscle head and tibial to medial one); the non-split-muscle group (n = 6) only had nerve transfers with its muscle intact...
December 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870693/limb-salvage-with-intrepid-dynamic-exoskeletal-orthosis-versus-transtibial-amputation-a-comparison-of-functional-gait-outcomes
#8
Katharine I Mangan, Trevor D Kingsbury, Brittney N Mazzone, Marilynn P Wyatt, Kevin M Kuhn
OBJECTIVES: To determine if there is a difference in functional gait outcomes between patients with limb injuries treated with either transtibial amputation or limb preservation with the Intrepid Dynamic Exoskeletal Orthosis. DESIGN: Retrospective prognostic study. SETTING: Tertiary referral military hospital. PATIENTS: This study included 10 transtibial amputees and 10 limb preservation patients using the Intrepid Dynamic Exoskeletal Orthosis who were matched by body mass index after excluding for nontraumatic, proximal ipsilateral, contralateral, spine, or traumatic brain injuries...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868449/establishing-the-turkish-version-of-the-sigam-mobility-scale-and-determining-its-validity-and-reliability-in-lower-extremity-amputees
#9
Hülya Yilmaz, Ümit Gafuroğlu, Nicola Ryall, Selcen Yüksel
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to adapt the Special Interest Group in Amputee Medicine (SIGAM) mobility scale to Turkish, and to test its validity and reliability in lower extremity amputees. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Adaptation of the scale into Turkish was performed by following the steps in American Association of Orthopedic Surgeons (AAOS) guideline. Turkish version of the scale was tested twice on 109 patients who had lower extremity amputations, at hours 0 and 72...
November 20, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865845/temporal-spatial-and-metabolic-measures-of-walking-in-highly-functional-individuals-with-lower-limb-amputations
#10
Hannah L Jarvis, Alex N Bennett, Martin Twiste, Rhodri D Phillip, John Etherington, Richard Baker
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this descriptive exploratory study is to record the temporal spatial parameters and metabolic energy expenditure during walking of individuals with amputation, walking with advanced prostheses and following completion of comprehensive rehabilitation, to able-bodied controls. DESIGN: Cross-sectional SETTING: Multi-disciplinary comprehensive rehabilitation centre PARTICIPANTS: Thirty severely injured United Kingdom military personnel with amputation and subsequent completion of their rehabilitation programme (10 unilateral trans-tibial, 10 unilateral trans-femoral, and 10 bilateral trans-femoral) were compared to (and of similar age, height and mass (p >0...
November 16, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849461/differences-in-military-obstacle-course-performance-between-three-energy-storing-and-shock-adapting-prosthetic-feet-in-high-functioning-transtibial-amputees-a-double-blind-randomized-control-trial
#11
M Jason Highsmith, Jason T Kahle, Rebecca M Miro, Derek J Lura, Stephanie L Carey, Matthew M Wernke, Seok Hun Kim, William S Quillen
BACKGROUND: Approximately 683 persons engaged in military service experienced transtibial amputation (TTA) related to recent war in Iraq and Afghanistan. Military TTAs function at a level beyond basic ambulation. No empirical data demonstrate which higher functioning prosthetic feet maximize injured service personnel's ability to continue performing at a level commensurate with return to duty. This study's purpose was to determine which of three high-functioning, energy-storing prosthetic feet maximize performance and preference in a field obstacle course (OC) and to quantify physical performance differences between TTAs and high-functioning nonamputees...
November 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846241/sprint-start-kinetics-of-amputee-and-non-amputee-sprinters
#12
Steffen Willwacher, Volker Herrmann, Kai Heinrich, Johannes Funken, Gerda Strutzenberger, Jan-Peter Goldmann, Björn Braunstein, Adam Brazil, Gareth Irwin, Wolfgang Potthast, Gert-Peter Brüggemann
The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between the forces applied to the starting blocks and the start performances (SPs) of amputee sprinters (ASs) and non-amputee sprinters (NASs). SPs of 154 male and female NASs (100-m personal records [PRs], 9.58-14.00 s) and 7 male ASs (3 unilateral above knee, 3 unilateral below knee, 1 bilateral below knee; 100 m PRs, 11.70-12.70 s) with running specific prostheses (RSPs) were analysed during full-effort sprint starts using instrumented starting blocks that measured the applied forces in 3D...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843662/neck-of-femur-fracture-in-a-patient-with-a-chronic-osteomyelitis-of-the-ipsilateral-foot
#13
Anne-Carolin Döring, Anne J H Vochteloo, Kees van Doorn, Rianne M H A Huis In 't Veld, Anil Peters
This case report describes a successful two-stage treatment in a 75-year-old male with a displaced neck of femur fracture, also suffering from an active chronic osteomyelitis of the ipsilateral calcaneus. In our case, a below-knee amputation was performed first, followed by total hip arthroplasty two weeks later. At 15-month follow-up, full recovery of the prefracture level of activities of daily living without significant impairment was obtained. Only a few cases of total hip arthroplasty in amputees have been published, but the indication for surgery was mainly traumatic or advanced osteoarthritis...
2016: Case Reports in Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836575/energy-flow-analysis-of-amputee-walking-shows-a-proximally-directed-transfer-of-energy-in-intact-limbs-compared-to-a-distally-directed-transfer-in-prosthetic-limbs-at-push-off
#14
R A Weinert-Aplin, D Howard, M Twiste, H L Jarvis, A N Bennett, R J Baker
Reduced capacity and increased metabolic cost of walking occurs in amputees, despite advances in prosthetic componentry. Joint powers can quantify deficiencies in prosthetic gait, but do not reveal how energy is exchanged between limb segments. This study aimed to quantify these energy exchanges during amputee walking. Optical motion and forceplate data collected during walking at a self-selected speed for cohorts of 10 controls, 10 unilateral trans-tibial, 10 unilateral trans-femoral and 10 bilateral trans-femoral amputees were used to determine the energy exchanges between lower limb segments...
November 8, 2016: Medical Engineering & Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832952/cross-slope-and-level-walking-strategies-during-swing-in-individuals-with-a-lower-limb-amputation
#15
Coralie Villa, Isabelle Loiret, Karine Langlois, Xavier Bonnet, François Lavaste, Pascale Fodé, Hélène Pillet
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to quantitatively analyze prosthetic limb swing phase gait strategies used to adapt to cross-slopes compared to level walking. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study SETTING: Gait laboratory PARTICIPANTS: A volunteer sample of seventeen individuals with a transfemoral amputation, fifteen individuals with a transtibial amputation and seventeen able-bodied subjects. INTERVENTIONS: Participants walked on level and 6° (10%) cross slope surfaces at a self-selected walking speed...
November 7, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828871/analysis-of-clinically-important-factors-on-the-performance-of-advanced-hydraulic-microprocessor-controlled-exo-prosthetic-knee-joints-based-on-899-trial-fittings
#16
Andreas Hahn, Michael Lang, Claudia Stuckart
The objective of this work is to evaluate whether clinically important factors may predict an individual's capability to utilize the functional benefits provided by an advanced hydraulic, microprocessor-controlled exo-prosthetic knee component.This retrospective cross-sectional cohort analysis investigated the data of above knee amputees captured during routine trial fittings. Prosthetists rated the performance indicators showing the functional benefits of the advanced maneuvering capabilities of the device...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828784/peripheral-neuromodulation-for-the-treatment-of-postamputation-neuroma-pain
#17
Kaare Meier, Thomas F Bendtsen, Jens Christian Sørensen, Lone Nikolajsen
Neuroma pain can be severe, persistent, and treatment resistant. We present a case of a 37-year-old female amputee who suffered from severe neuroma pain, which had proved resistant to pharmacologic treatment, glycerol injections, spinal cord stimulation, radiofrequency thermocoagulation, and repeated surgical removals. After treatment with peripheral nerve stimulation, using a St. Jude Medical Octrode lead implanted percutaneously under ultrasound guidance close to her painful neuroma, her ongoing pain dramatically decreased from 8 to 3 on a numeric rating scale (0-10)...
November 8, 2016: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826195/roles-and-challenges-of-the-multidisciplinary-team-involved-in-prosthetic-rehabilitation-in-a-rural-district-in-south-africa
#18
Liezel Ennion, Anthea Rhoda
BACKGROUND: Major lower limb amputations result in a significant sense of loss, psychological stress, and decrease in function and overall quality of life for the amputee. The holistic, patient-centered prosthetic rehabilitation of an amputee requires input from a team of dedicated health professionals from different disciplines commonly referred to as a multidisciplinary team (MDT). MDT rehabilitation is considered crucial in the reintegration of the amputee into the community, as well as for providing psychological support after limb loss...
2016: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824734/targeted-muscle-reinnervation-for-transradial-amputation-description-of-operative-technique
#19
Emily N Morgan, Benjamin Kyle Potter, Jason M Souza, Scott M Tintle, George P Nanos
Targeted muscle reinnervation (TMR) is a revolutionary surgical technique that, together with advances in upper extremity prostheses and advanced neuromuscular pattern recognition, allows intuitive and coordinated control in multiple planes of motion for shoulder disarticulation and transhumeral amputees. TMR also may provide improvement in neuroma-related pain and may represent an opportunity for sensory reinnervation as advances in prostheses and haptic feedback progress. Although most commonly utilized following shoulder disarticulation and transhumeral amputations, TMR techniques also represent an exciting opportunity for improvement in integrated prosthesis control and neuroma-related pain improvement in patients with transradial amputations...
December 2016: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814466/evaluation-of-extreme-learning-machine-for-classification-of-individual-and-combined-finger-movements-using-electromyography-on-amputees-and-non-amputees
#20
Khairul Anam, Adel Al-Jumaily
The success of myoelectric pattern recognition (M-PR) mostly relies on the features extracted and classifier employed. This paper proposes and evaluates a fast classifier, extreme learning machine (ELM), to classify individual and combined finger movements on amputees and non-amputees. ELM is a single hidden layer feed-forward network (SLFN) that avoids iterative learning by determining input weights randomly and output weights analytically. Therefore, it can accelerate the training time of SLFNs. In addition to the classifier evaluation, this paper evaluates various feature combinations to improve the performance of M-PR and investigate some feature projections to improve the class separability of the features...
October 1, 2016: Neural Networks: the Official Journal of the International Neural Network Society
keyword
keyword
9815
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"