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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106703/clinical-application-of-a-pedicled-forearm-flap-in-the-reconstruction-after-oral-cancer-resection
#1
Xiaoqiang Zhao, Youmei Zhang, Shuai Fu, Changbin Zhang, Ming Li, Yong Wu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical application of a pedicled forearm flap in the reconstruction of soft tissue defects after oral cancer resection. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on 31 patients with oral cancer in the Affiliated Stomatology Hospital of Kunming Medical University. The patients underwent repair of soft tissue defects, resulting from oral cancer resection, using a pedicled forearm flap. Patients were followed up for 3 months to 3 years to observe the survival rate of the pedicled forearm flap and the recovery of the patient's appearance and oral function...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100383/-hiv-antibody-detection-results-in-patients-seeking-medical-care-in-peking-union-medical-college-hospital-2003-2014
#2
X J Song, Z F Qiu, W Cao, J Xie, Z J Zhang, S X Xu, T S Li
Objective: To better understand the infection status of HIV in the patients seeking medical care in Peking Union Medical College Hospital. Methods: The HIV detection data of the patients in the hospital from 2003-2014 were collected for a statistical analysis with software SPSS 19.0. Results: A total of 715 421 patients were screened, and 1 012 (0.14%) patients were HIV positive, and HIV infection were confirmed in 776 (0.11%) patients by Western Blot testing. The detection rate of HIV infection increased from 0...
January 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072988/-retrospective-analysis-of-pulp-revascularization-in-immature-permanent-teeth-with-diffuse-pulpitis
#3
C F Peng, Y M Zhao, Y Yang, H Liu, M Qin
Objective: To evaluate the treatment effectiveness of revascularization in immature permanent teeth with diffuse pulpitis and to provide an alternative approach for the treatment of these teeth. Methods: Clinical and radiographic data were collected from 17 immature permanent teeth which were diagnosed as diffuse pulpitis and with their pulp extirpated at Emergency Department of Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology. All these teeth were treated using pulp revascularization at Department of Pediatric Dentistry...
January 9, 2017: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072987/-a-pilot-clinical-study-of-immediate-provisionalization-with-a-chairside-computer-aided-design-and-computer-aided-manufacture-monolithic-crown-for-single-tooth-immediate-implant-placement
#4
J H Tian, P Di, Y Lin, Y Zhang, D H Wei, H Y Cui
Objective: To evaluate the primary clinical outcomes of immediate provisionalization with a monolithic crown utilizing a novel chairside computer aided design and computer aided manufacture (CAD/CAM) workflow for single tooth immediate implant placement. Methods: This pilot study was a prospective within-subjects design. Thirteen consecutive patients were included and diagnosed with untreatable single incisor or premolar with fine general and local anatomical conditions. The trial was conducted at Department of Implantology, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology, Beijing, between January 2016 and June 2016...
January 9, 2017: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062176/characteristics-and-surgical-management-of-flap-compromise-caused-by-thrombosis-of-the-internal-jugular-vein
#5
Bin Yang, Yi Qu, Ming Su, Jinzhong Li, Hua Li, Rudong Xing, Zhengxue Han
BACKGROUND: A principal reason for flap compromise in oral and maxillofacial head and neck surgery, and failure of a free flap transfer, is thrombosis of a drainage vein such as the internal jugular vein. This study characterized flap compromise caused by internal jugular vein thrombosis after a free flap transfer, and its management. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective clinical study was conducted of 306 consecutive microvascular free flaps performed for 305 patients with head and neck cancer from March 2003 to March 2013 at the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery at Beijing Stomatological Hospital, Capital Medical University...
December 18, 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056288/-clinical-application-of-125-i-radioactive-seeds-brachytherapy-in-the-treatment-of-the-pediatric-soft-tissue-sarcoma-in-head-and-neck
#6
D Zhao, L Zheng, X M Lü, M W Huang, Y Shi, X L Ma, J Yan, J G Zhang
Objective: To investigate the clinical application and preliminary results of (125)I radioactive seeds brachytherapy in the comprehensive treatment of the pediatric soft tissue sarcoma in head and neck. Methods: A total of 24 pediatric patients with soft tissue sarcoma in head and neck were treated at Peking University School of Stomatology from April 2012 to July 2015. The data was collected and analyzed through statistical methods, which included the pathological type, gender, age, tumor location, volume, treatment and the clinical results after the application of (125)I radioactive seeds brachytherapy...
January 3, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049607/sialendoscopy-assisted-treatment-for-chronic-obstructive-parotitis-related-to-sjogren-syndrome
#7
Yong-Feng Guo, Ning-Ning Sun, Chuan-Bin Wu, Lei Xue, Qing Zhou
OBJECTIVES: Chronic obstructive parotitis related to Sjogren syndrome is not uncommon, but it is rarely reported in the literature. The aim of this study was to describe our experience in the treatment of chronic obstructive parotitis related to Sjogren syndrome. STUDY DESIGN: Seventeen cases of chronic obstructive parotitis related to Sjogren syndrome treated with sialendoscopy from June 2014 to June 2015 at the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Stomatology, China Medical University, were retrospectively reviewed...
October 15, 2016: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011975/dental-worm-disease
#8
Sergio Sabbatani, Sirio Fiorino
During human evolution, the period in which groups of humans stopped harvesting fruits and seeds growing wild and introduced the cultivation of cereals as well as the domestication of animals represents a very important event. This circumstance had a considerable impact on human pathocenosis, increasing the risk of infectious diseases of animal origin. The aim of this review was to summarise the archaeological and palaeo-pathological evidence in the literature concerning this topic. Starting from early prehistory (about 1...
1, 2016: Le Infezioni in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009312/changes-in-tooth-hard-tissue-minerali-zation-and-blood-rheology-in-healthy-adolescents-and-those-with-thyroid-dysfunction
#9
S Beriashvili, M Nikolaishvili, M Mantskava, N Momtsemlidze, K Franchuk
Thyroid dysfunction causes spreading and development of caries in the teeth and changes in periodontal tissues. In addition, it causes changes in peripheral blood flow and mineralization, local transcapillary metabolism causes changes in blood rheology. There are only few works in this direction and, therefore, the purpose of our research was to find out how the mineralization and the rheological properties of blood are changed in lesion of periodontal tissue on a background of thyroid dysfunction. Accordingly, the stomatological study was conducted in 75 adolescents aged 12-18 years by the standard method, recommended by the World Health Organization...
November 2016: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001101/palatal-fistula-risk-after-primary-palatoplasty-a-retrospective-comparison-of-a-humanitarian-organization-and-tertiary-hospitals
#10
Kimberly M Daniels, Emily Yang Yu, Rebecca G Maine, Yin Heng, Li Yang, Bing Shi, D Scott Corlew, William Y Hoffman, George A Gregory
BACKGROUND:   Humanitarian surgical organizations provide palatoplasties for patients without access to surgical care. Few organizations have evaluated the outcomes of these trips. This study evaluates the palatal fistula rate in patients from two cohorts in rural China and one in the United States. METHODS:   This study compared the odds of fistula formation among three cohorts whose palates were repaired between 2005 and 2009. One cohort included 97 Chinese patients operated on by teams from the United States and Canada under the auspices of Resurge International...
December 21, 2016: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995490/hydrogel-tissue-expanders-for-stomatology-part-i-methacrylate-based-polymers
#11
Jakub Hrib, Jakub Sirc, Petr Lesny, Radka Hobzova, Miroslava Duskova-Smrckova, Jiri Michalek, Roman Smucler
In order to create a soft tissue surplus, implantable volume expanders are often utilized in dental surgery. Implanted tissue expanders should gradually increase their volume, exerting a constant pressure on the surrounding tissue for weeks. Current tissue expanders are based predominantly on externally inflatable balloons or on osmotically active tissue expanders that use soft hydrogels wrapped in perforated plastic coatings, which limit fluid entry and swelling. We have designed and examined tissue expanders based on the controlled rate expansive hydrogels synthesized from copolymers of selected methacrylates and N-vinylpyrrolidone, cross-linked with a combination of non-degradable (glycol dimethacrylates) and hydrolytically degradable (N,O-dimethacryloylhydroxylamine) cross-linkers...
January 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987512/-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-diffuse-tenosynovial-giant-cell-tumor-arising-from-temporomandibular-joints
#12
J H Meng, Y X Guo, H Y Luo, C B Guo, X C Ma
OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively analyze the clinical features, treatment and prognosis to the diffuse tenosynovial giant cell tumor (D-TSGCT) arising from the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), and to give a reference for the early diagnosis and treatment of this disease. METHODS: In this study, 15 patients finally diagnosed as D-TSGCT of TMJ histopathologically at the Peking University Hospital of Stomatology from October 2003 to August 2015 were selected and reviewed...
December 18, 2016: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966518/impact-of-highly-active-antiretroviral-therapy-in-the-development-and-remission-of-oral-plasmablastic-lymphoma
#13
Vivian Petersen Wagner, Lisley Ortiz, Helena Pereira Rodrigues da Silva, Luise Meurer, João Julio da Cunha Filho, Marco Antonio Trevizani Martins, Manoela Domingues Martins
Plasmablastic lymphoma (PBL) represents a rare type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma associated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. The impact of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in this tumor is poorly known due to its small incidence. This study reports a case of a 33-year-old HIV-positive woman who was referred to the Stomatology Department complaining about a painful gingival growth and cervical nodule both with 20 days of evolution. The lesions appeared 7 months after the patient stopped HAART...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913269/the-structure-organisation-and-perioperative-management-of-ambulatory-surgery-and-anaesthesia-in-france-methodology-of-the-sfar-opera-study
#14
Pierre Albaladejo, Frédéric Aubrun, Charles-Marc Samama, Laurent Jouffroy, Marc Beaussier, Dan Benhamou, Pauline Romegoux, Kristina Skaare, Jean Luc Bosson, Claude Ecoffey
The organization of health care establishments and perioperative care are essential for ensuring the quality of care and safety of patients undergoing outpatient surgery. In order to correctly inventory these organizations and practices, in 2013-2014, the French Society of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care organized an extensive practical survey in French ambulatory surgery units entitled the "OPERA" study (Organisation PERiopératoire de l'anesthésie en chirurgie Ambulatoire). From among all of the ambulatory surgery centres listed by the Agences Régionales de Santé [Regional Health Agencies, France], 206 public and private centres were randomly selected...
November 29, 2016: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888708/prognostic-value-of-tumor-infiltrating-lymphocytes-for-patients-with-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#15
Qiaoshi Xu, Chong Wang, Xiaohong Yuan, Zhien Feng, Zhengxue Han
BACKGROUND: The prognostic value of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) remains controversial. Additionally, there is no standardized approach or cutoff value for evaluating TIL levels. The aim of this study was to establish a feasible method and criterion to assess TIL levels for future clinical practice and research use and to explore the relationship between TIL levels and prognosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This retrospective cohort study reviewed the records and pathological sections of 202 patients with HNSCC who were surgically treated at Beijing Stomatological Hospital, Capital Medical University, from January 1998 to January 2011...
November 23, 2016: Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874034/screening-on-binary-ti-alloy-with-excellent-mechanical-property-and-castability-for-dental-prosthesis-application
#16
H F Li, K J Qiu, W Yuan, F Y Zhou, B L Wang, L Li, Y F Zheng, Y H Liu
In the present study, the microstructure, mechanical property, castability, corrosion behavior and in vitro cytocompatibility of binary Ti-2X alloys with various alloying elements, including Ag, Bi, Ga, Ge, Hf, In, Mo, Nb, Sn and Zr, were systematically investigated, in order to assess their potential applications in dental field. The experimental results showed that all binary Ti‒2X alloys consisted entirely α-Ti phase. The tensile strength and microhardness of Ti were improved by adding alloying elements...
November 22, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861667/esthetic-outcome-of-implants-placed-in-fresh-extraction-sockets-by-clinicians-with-or-without-experience-a-medium-term-retrospective-evaluation
#17
Antonio Barone, Paolo Toti, Simone Marconcini, Giacomo Derchi, Marchionni Saverio, Ugo Covani
PURPOSE: This study discussed a 3-year retrospective survey of clinical and esthetic outcomes of immediate implants placed by experienced senior surgeons and residents in implant dentistry. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The retrospective chart review included patients who received single-tooth extraction and immediate implant placement at the Tuscan Stomatology Institute between 2009 and 2011. Treated independent postextraction areas were divided into two groups according to the operator's experience: expert versus nonexpert group...
November 2016: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858081/-the-improvement-of-periodontal-teaching-mode-based-on-pdca-theory
#18
Hong-Yan Wang, Ling-Na Han, Xiao-Hua Zhu, Hong-Mei Ma, Ya-Ping Pan
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of PDCA teaching mode on clinical ability in the process of periodontal clinical internship. METHODS: Forty-eight undergraduate interns coming from School of Stomatology, China Medical University were divided into 2 groups, one group received traditional teaching mode, the other group received a teaching mode based on PDCA cycle. At the end of internship, every student was assessed by theoretical examinations, case reports and clinical skill practice...
August 2016: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857042/odontogenic-keratocysts-in-the-basal-cell-nevus-gorlin-goltz-syndrome-associated-with-paresthesia-of-the-lower-jaw-case-report-retrospective-analysis-of-a-representative-czech-cohort-and-recommendations-for-the-early-diagnosis
#19
Milan Hubacek, Tereza Kripnerova, Michaela Nemcikova, Anna Krepelová, Alena Puchmajerova, Marcela Malikova, Markéta Havlovicová, Jana Cadova, Roman Kodet, Milan Macek, Tatjana Dostalova
OBJECTIVES: Identification of early presenting signs of the Basal Cell Nevus (BCNS; synonyme Gorlin-Goltz) syndrome, which is associated with a principal triad of multiple basal cell nevi, jaw odontogenic keratocysts, and skeletal anomalies, in stomatological and neurological practices. Proposal of multidisciplinary diagnostic algorithm comprising other medical specialists, including pathology, imaging, laboratory and molecular analyses based on the study outcomes. DESIGN: Case report of a male patient reporting paresthesia of their lower jaw, with right facial asymmetry (maxilla and mandible) and radiological detection of large osteolytic lesions in both jaws, including a retrospective analysis of a representative Czech cohort with BCNS from within the last decade...
September 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821247/predicting-radiotherapy-necessity-in-tongue-cancer-using-lymph-node-yield
#20
Zhien Feng, Qiao Shi Xu, Li Zheng Qin, Hua Li, Zhengxue Han
PURPOSE: In patients with head and neck cancer and a single metastatic lymph node (pN1), the value of lymph node yield (LNY) remains controversial in determining the prognosis and identifying patients who require radiotherapy. This study evaluated the role of LNY in predicting the adequacy of neck dissection, need for adjuvant radiotherapy, and survival in patients with pN1 oral tongue squamous cell carcinoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors implemented a retrospective cohort study...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
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