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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303120/management-of-cleft-lip-and-palate-in-nigeria-a-survey
#1
V Akinmoladun, S Ademola, A Olusanya
BACKGROUND: Clefts of the lip and/or palate are the most common congenital craniofacial defects and second only to club foot among all congenital anomalies. The management of this condition is resource intensive due to the multidimensional needs. This survey was carried out to ascertain the current state of cleft management in Nigeria with emphasis on training, scope of management, and assessment of treatment outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Structured questionnaires were administered to cleft surgeons based on professional and practitioners' register and the result of literature search for cleft surgeons whose names may not appear in the registers...
November 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202503/quantitative-analysis-and-development-of-the-fore-feet-of-arabian-foals-from-birth-to-1-year-of-age
#2
Babak Faramarzi, Allison Salinger, Andris Kaneps, Yvette Nout-Lomas, Holly Greene, Fanglong Dong
Objectives The goal of this study was to quantify external and internal anatomical characteristics of the foal foot throughout the first year of age. Methods Digital radiographs and photographs were taken bimonthly of the forefeet of nine Arabian foals, beginning at about 2 weeks of age until 12 months of age. Sixty-eight linear and angular variables were measured using NIH (National Institutes of Health) Image J software. Statistical analyses were performed using piecewise random coefficient model and p-values < 0...
November 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169774/sir-denis-browne-the-father-of-modern-pediatric-surgery
#3
REVIEW
Don K Nakayama
Sir Denis John Wolko Browne (1892-1967), while not the first in the British Isles to devote his entire surgical practice to pediatric surgery, is accepted as "the father of pediatric surgery in the United Kingdom." He made contributions to operations as varied as tonsillectomy, pyloromyotomy, and hypospadias repair, and provided fundamental insights into the proper treatment of club foot, congenital dislocation of the hip, and cryptorchidism. He introduced the transverse laparotomy incision, primary repair of congenital intestinal obstruction, and the end-to-back anastomosis for intestinal atresia, techniques so commonly used that it is difficult to think of pediatric surgical operations done any differently...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108669/the-health-economics-of-ankle-and-foot-sprains-and-fractures-a-systematic-review-of-english-language-published-papers-part-1-overview-and-critical-appraisal
#4
REVIEW
Iwona A Bielska, Xiang Wang, Raymond Lee, Ana P Johnson
BACKGROUND: Ankle and foot sprains and fractures are common injuries affecting many individuals, often requiring considerable and costly medical interventions. The objectives of this systematic review are to collect, assess, and critically appraise the published literature on the health economics of ankle and foot injury (sprain and fracture) treatment. METHODS: A systematic literature review of Ovid MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane DSR, ACP Journal Club, AMED, Ovid Healthstar, and CINAHL was conducted for English-language studies on the costs of treating ankle and foot sprains and fractures published from January 1980 to December 2014...
July 1, 2017: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985751/assessment-of-the-kinesiotherapy-s-efficacy-in-male-athletes-with-calcaneal-apophysitis
#5
Ersin Kuyucu, Barış Gülenç, Hüseyin Biçer, Mehmet Erdil
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to assess the efficacy of kinesiotherapy used for treating various disorders in athletes on pain and pedal functions in patients with calcaneal apophysitis. METHODS: This prospective randomized controlled study included 22 patients with calcaneal apophysitis aged 8 to 16 years presenting with heel pain among junior athletes of a professional football club. The patients were randomly grouped into two groups, with one group receiving sham tape only and the other kinesio tape...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969231/femoral-hypoplasia-with-unusual-facies-syndrome
#6
Sreekanth R Shenoy, Dipankar Mondal, Manas Ranjan Upadhyay, Bhupendra Kumar Gupta, Jatadhari Mahar
Femoral facial syndrome is a rare clinical entity characterized by unilateral or bilateral femoral hypoplasia along with various malformations of face. Only few cases have been detected by antenatal ultrasonography so far. We present the case of one-day-old, male child, born to a primi gravida with oligohydramnios and severe growth restriction. The child had unusual facies with posterior cleft palate, non-communicating hydrocephalus and complete absences of left femur, hypoplasia of right femur, bilateral club foot and bilateral undescended testis...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954562/arthrogryposis-multiplex-congenita-in-utero-radiologic-and-pathologic-findings
#7
Priya Skaria, Amy Dahl, Atif Ahmed
Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita (AMC) refers to the development of multiple joint contractures affecting two or more areas of the body prior to birth. It affects approximately 1 in 3000 individuals, mostly reported in individuals of Asian, African and European descent with equal incidence in males and females. Arthrogryposis is associated with over 400 medical conditions and 350 known genes with considerable variability in phenotypic expression. The primary underlying mechanism is decreased fetal movement during development...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900350/influence-of-physical-activity-and-interest-for-food-and-sciences-versus-weight-disorders-in-children-aged-8-to-18-years
#8
REVIEW
A Faik, E Vanderhulst, I Rossem, D Devroey
INTRODUCTION: Being overweight and obesity are a growing problem and are often related to a lack of physical activity among younger people. This study aims to describe the prevalence of weight disorders in Belgian schoolchildren. Secondly, this study examines the association between physical activity, weight disorders and the interest in food and sciences. METHODS: We examined 525 children aged between 8 and 18 years old, who attended the Brussels Food Fair or the Belgian Science Day in 2013...
June 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875142/van-der-woude-syndrome-presenting-as-a-single-median-lower-lip-pit-with-associated-dental-orofacial-and-limb-deformities-a-rare-case-report
#9
Sunil Richardson, Rakshit Vijay Khandeparker
Although it is a rare developmental malformation, van der Woude syndrome is the most common form of syndromic orofacial clefting, accounting for approximately 2% of all cleft cases. The lower lip pits with or without a cleft lip or palate is characteristic of the syndrome. Findings, such as hypodontia, limb deformities, popliteal webs, ankylogossia, ankyloblepheron, and genitourinary and cardiovascular abnormalities, are rarely associated with the syndrome. This paper reports a rare case of van der Woude syndrome in a 10-year-old male patient with a single median lower lip pit and a repaired bilateral cleft lip and cleft palate that were associated with microstomia, hypodontia, and clubbing of the left foot with syndactyly of the second to fifth lesser toes of the same foot...
August 2017: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842085/what-is-the-current-role-and-factors-for-success-of-the-journal-club-in-podiatric-foot-and-ankle-surgery-residency-training-programs
#10
Eric So, Christopher F Hyer, Marcus P Richardson, Randall C Thomas
The journal club (JC) is a traditional part of postgraduate medical education, although little has been written on its current role in podiatric surgical training programs. The goal of the present study was to determine how JCs are conducted and the factors associated with their success. Anonymous electronic surveys were distributed to all podiatric foot and ankle surgical training program directors in the United States with a valid e-mail address. A total of 202 surveys were initially e-mailed to training program directors, with a second and third round sent to those who did not respond...
September 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735429/history-of-club-foot-treatment-part-ii-tenotomy-in-the-nineteenth-century
#11
REVIEW
Philippe Hernigou, Nicolas Gravina, Damien Potage, Arnaud Dubory
Clubfoot is one of the most common congenital orthopaedic anomalies and was described by Hippocrates in the year 400 BC. From manipulation in antiquity to splint and plaster in the Renaissance the treatment had improved before tenotomy. Tenotomy was tested during the 19th century and will be explained in this manuscript; the introduction of subcutaneous tenotomy of the Achilles tendon had focused the attention of surgeons on the surgical treatment of clubfeet. While this operation was very successful in the correction of equinus deformities due to poliomyelitis, cerebral palsy, and old injuries, it was not a panacea for the patient with the congenital clubfoot...
October 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718240/ponseti-technique-for-management-of-congenital-idiopathic-club-foot
#12
Muhammad Qaisar Shah, Alamzeb Khan, Muhammad Shoaib Zardad, Rizwana Iqbal, Sajjad Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Clubfoot or congenital talipes equinovarus, is a congenital deformity of the foot. It consists of cavus, adduction, varus and equinus. This is due to medial displacement of navicular and calcaneus around the talus. Talus is in equinus. Medial deviation of the head and neck of talus is due to force of calcaneus on talus. METHODS: This descriptive case series study was conducted at Orthopaedic unit, Ayub Teaching Hospital, Abbottabad from 1st August 2015 to 31st January 2016 to determine the frequency of idiopathic clubfoot correction, by using the Ponseti method...
April 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704852/pregnancy-and-tumor-outcomes-in-women-with-prolactinoma
#13
Bárbara Araujo, Sandra Belo, Davide Carvalho
Context Management of prolactinomas during pregnancy has always been a challenge. There is a concern about the risk of tumor growth, as well as the effects of the treatment on the developing fetus. Another issue that has been less studied is the outcome of women with prolactinoma after pregnancy and lactation. Objectives To evaluate remission of hyperprolactinaemia after pregnancy and lactation in women with prolactinoma. To describe the safety of dopamine agonists for the fetus and pregnancy outcomes. Methods A retrospective study of 32 pregnancies in women with prolactinoma was conducted in a single-centre...
November 2017: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600017/comparison-of-prenatal-and-postnatal-management-of-patients-with-myelomeningocele
#14
REVIEW
Sergio Cavalheiro, Marcos Devanir Silva da Costa, Antonio Fernandes Moron, Jeffrey Leonard
Myelomeningocele (MMC) is a costly lifetime disease with many comorbidities, including sensory and motor lower limb disability, bladder/bowel dysfunction, scoliosis, club foot, and hydrocephalus. MMC treatment options have changed over time because routine use of fetal ultrasonography and MRI has provided prenatal diagnosis and the potential for fetal surgery. There is still no consensus on how to treat the MMC diagnoses prenatally, mainly related to the infrastructure required to operate on pregnant patients...
July 2017: Neurosurgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472982/comparative-safety-of-anti-epileptic-drugs-during-pregnancy-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis-of-congenital-malformations-and-prenatal-outcomes
#15
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Areti Angeliki Veroniki, Elise Cogo, Patricia Rios, Sharon E Straus, Yaron Finkelstein, Ryan Kealey, Emily Reynen, Charlene Soobiah, Kednapa Thavorn, Brian Hutton, Brenda R Hemmelgarn, Fatemeh Yazdi, Jennifer D'Souza, Heather MacDonald, Andrea C Tricco
BACKGROUND: Pregnant women with epilepsy frequently experience seizures related to pregnancy complications and are often prescribed anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs) to manage their symptoms. However, less is known about the comparative safety of AED exposure in utero. We aimed to compare the risk of congenital malformations (CMs) and prenatal outcomes of AEDs in infants/children who were exposed to AEDs in utero through a systematic review and Bayesian random-effects network meta-analysis...
May 5, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459702/report-of-a-triploid-fetus-identified-in-a-pregnancy-with-oligohydramnios
#16
Ghanbarian Alavijeh Maryam, Saber Siamak, Fazeli Bavand-Pour Fatemeh Sadat, Mirzaloo Masoud, Mirzaie Fatemeh, Zare-Abdollahi Davood, Ebrahimi Ahmad
This report describes a pregnancy with a triploid fetus identified from a scan for anomalies at 18 weeks and confirmed by amniocentesis. A 29-year-old, primigravida woman was referred to our clinic for genetic counseling at 18 weeks of gestation because of a mild oligohydramnios due to amniotic fluid index (AFI) less than the fifth percentile in her 18th week. The woman underwent amniocentesis, which revealed a karyotype of 69,XXX. There was no consanguinity in this family. In postmortem evaluation, we encountered a hydrocephalic fetus with an aberrant skull shape, including dysplastic calvaria with large posterior fontanel, marked intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) in addition to syndactyly of third and fourth fingers, exophthalmia, cleft palate, low set malformed ears, micrognathia and club foot...
2017: Journal of the Association of Genetic Technologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407703/determination-of-the-effect-of-diameter-of-the-sac-on-prognosis-in-64-cases-operated-for-meningomyelocele
#17
Metehan Eseoğlu, Ahmet Eroğlu, Serkan Kemer, Mehmet Arslan
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of meningomyelocele sac size on prognosis by retrospective review of 64 cases operated for meningomyelocele between January 2009 and December 2012. METHODS: We evaluated newborn babies operated for meningomyelocele by retrospectively reviewing their files for head circumference, location and with of the defect, accompanying anomalies, treatments administered, drugs that mother used during pregnancy. Based on the defect size, 3 patient groups were created as 0-24 cm(2) (group I), 25-39 cm(2) (group II), and 40 cm(2) and above (group III)...
March 2017: Korean Journal of Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384947/comparative-analysis-between-podography-and-radiography-in-the-management-of-idiopathic-clubfeet-by-ponseti-technique
#18
Vikas Trivedi, Sumit Badhwar, Abhay S Dube
INTRODUCTION: Idiopathic clubfoot is one of the most common and oldest congenital foot anomalies. There are controversies regarding its optimum management protocol and methodologies to be employed for its functional outcome evaluation. This paper attempts to propose a simple, reasonable and easily reproducible technique of podography for clinical and functional evaluation of clubfoot treated by the popular Ponseti technique. AIM: To compare the Foot Bimalleolar (FBM) angle method (podography) and radiography with respect to management of idiopathic clubfoot by Ponseti's Technique and its functional evaluation...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216755/interobserver-variability-in-pirani-clubfoot-severity-scoring-system-between-the-orthopedic-surgeons
#19
Saurabh Jain, Anand Ajmera, Mahendra Solanki, Alok Verma
BACKGROUND: Congenital talipes equinovarus (clubfoot) is one of the most common congenital pediatric orthopedic foot deformity, which varies in severity and clinical course. Assessment of severity of the club foot deformity is essential to assess the initial severity of deformity, to monitor the progress of treatment, to prognosticate, and to identify early relapse. Pirani's scoring system is most acceptable and popular for club foot deformity assessment because it is simple, quick, cost effective, and easy...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035313/rare-case-of-tibial-hemimelia-preaxial-polydactyly-and-club-foot
#20
Guinevere Granite, John E Herzenberg, Ronald Wade
A seven-month old female presented with left tibial hemimelia (or congenital tibial aplasia; Weber type VIIb, Jones et al type 1a), seven-toed preaxial polydactyly, and severe club foot (congenital talipes equinovarus). Definitive amputation surgery disarticulated the lower limb at the knee. This case report describes the anatomical findings of a systematic post-amputation examination of the lower limb's superficial dissection, X-rays, and computed tomography (CT) scans. From the X-rays and CT scans, we found curved and overlapping preaxial supernumerary toes, hypoplastic first metatarsal, lack of middle and distal phalanges in one supernumerary toe, three tarsal bones, hypoplastic middle phalanx and no distal phalanx for fourth toe, and no middle or distal phalanges for fifth toe...
December 16, 2016: World Journal of Clinical Cases
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