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Club Foot

E İnce, A Temiz, S S Ezer, H Ö Gezer, A Hiçsönmez
PURPOSE: Umbilical cord hernia is poorly understood and often miscategorized as "omphalocele minor". Careless clamping of the cord leads to iatrogenic gut injury in the situation of umbilical cord hernia. This study aimed to determine the characteristics and outcomes of umbilical cord hernias. We also highlight an alternative repair method for umbilical cord hernias. METHODS: We recorded 15 cases of umbilical cord hernias over 10 years. The patients' data were retrospectively reviewed, and preoperative preparation of the newborn, gestational age, birth weight, other associated malformations, surgical technique used, enteral nutrition, and length of hospitalization were recorded...
November 22, 2016: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
Víctor Torreblanca-Martínez, Fernando M Otero-Saborido, José A González-Jurado
The purpose was to study the effects of muscle fatigue induced by countermovement jumps (CMJ) on instep kick foot velocity in young male soccer players. Fifteen under-18 soccer players of a professional club, performed maximal velocity instep kicks before and after a fatigue protocol that consisted of continuous CMJ (countermovement jump). Foot velocity at impact without fatigue, foot velocity at impact with fatigue, CMJ height without fatigue, maximum jump height in fatigue test, and CMJ height change in fatigue test on a dynamometric platform, were measured...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Applied Biomechanics
Catherine Bowen, Ann Ashburn, Mark Cole, Margaret Donovan-Hall, Malcolm Burnett, Judy Robison, Louis Mamode, Ruth Pickering, Dan Bader, Dorit Kunkel
BACKGROUND: Ill-fitting shoes have been implicated as a risk factor for falls but research to date has focused on people with arthritis, diabetes and the general older population; little is known about people with neurological conditions. This survey for people with stroke and Parkinson's explored people's choice of indoor and outdoor footwear, foot problems and fall history. METHODS: Following ethical approval, 1000 anonymous postal questionnaires were distributed to health professionals, leads of Parkinson's UK groups and stroke clubs in the wider Southampton area, UK...
2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
Alison S Attenborough, Peter J Sinclair, Tristan Sharp, Andrew Greene, Max Stuelcken, Richard M Smith, Claire E Hiller
OBJECTIVES: Ankle sprains account for a large percentage of injuries sustained in netball. The identification of risk factors for ankle sprain is the preliminary action required to inform future prevention strategies. DESIGN: Prospective study. PARTICIPANTS: Ninety-four netball players from club and inter-district teams. METHODS: Preseason data were collected for; vertical jump height, perceived ankle instability, sprain history, arthrometry inversion-eversion angles, star excursion balance test reach distances, the number of foot lifts during unilateral stance and demi-pointe balance test results...
June 29, 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
Jean-Nicolas Audet, Simon Ducatez, Louis Lefebvre
String-pulling is one of the most popular tests in animal cognition because of its apparent complexity, and of its potential to be applied to very different taxa. In birds, the basic procedure involves a food reward, suspended from a perch by a string, which can be reached by a series of coordinated pulling actions with the beak and holding actions of the pulled lengths of string with the foot. The taxonomic distribution of species that pass the test includes several corvids, parrots and parids, but in other families, data are much spottier and the number of individuals per species that succeed is often low...
2016: PloS One
Angela E Scheuerle, Arthur S Aylsworth
BACKGROUND: Pharmaceutical pregnancy exposure registries seek to evaluate temporal associations between drug exposures and adverse outcomes, particularly congenital anomalies. These registries record observed associations that may or may not be causally-related to the exposure. Most major congenital malformations (i.e., structural birth defects) result from abnormal development during embryogenesis. A standardized catalog of defects of concern (colloquially the "BPA Codes") is used both in public health surveillance programs and pregnancy exposure registries...
August 11, 2016: Birth Defects Research. Part A, Clinical and Molecular Teratology
P Buckley, D Buckley, G T Coleman, J M Morton
OBJECTIVE: To describe preventive health care provided to a cohort of Pony Club horses in rural New South Wales, Australia, and the associated veterinary involvement. DESIGN: Prospective longitudinal study METHODS: Observational data collected for 48 Pony Club horses using daily owner-kept diaries and monthly veterinary visits for 9-12 months. RESULTS: Frequency of healthcare events varied markedly between the horses; 54% of horses received 5 or more foot-care treatments, 69% received 1-3 anthelmintic treatments, 40% received dental care, 21% received chiropractic care; only 8% were vaccinated...
August 2016: Australian Veterinary Journal
P Sethi, P K Bhatia, N Gupta, K Singh
Multiple pterygium syndrome (MPS) is a very rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by flexion of joint and digit contractures, skin webbing, cleft palate, deformity of the spine, and cervical spine fusion. Difficult airway is associated mainly due to micrognathia, retrognathia, webbing of the neck, and limitation of the mouth opening and neck extension. We are reporting a case of a 5-year-old female diagnosed with MPS and exhibiting a bilateral club foot and congenital vertical talus. The patient was posted for manipulation and above the knee casting under general anesthesia...
July 2016: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
Gerald Okanandu Udigwe, George Uchenna Eleje, Eric Chukwudi Ihekwoaba, Onyebuchi Izuchukwu Udegbunam, Richard Obinwanne Egeonu, Ayodele Obianuju Okwuosa
Background. Acute intestinal obstruction during pregnancy is a very challenging and unusual nonobstetric surgical entity often linked with considerable fetomaternal morbidity and mortality. When it is synchronous with abdominal pregnancy, it is even rarer. Case Presentation. A 28-year-old lady in her second pregnancy was referred to Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, Nnewi, Nigeria, at 27 weeks of gestation due to vomiting, constipation, and abdominal pain. Examination and ultrasound scan revealed a single live intra-abdominal extrauterine fetus...
2016: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Rebecca M Garza, Jennifer C Alyono, David W Dorfman, Derrick C Wan
Kniest dysplasia is an extremely rare form of type II collagenopathy associated with cleft palate, micrognathia, shortened trunk, arms and legs, and club foot. The authors present a case of an infant with this disorder who also had micrognathia and respiratory distress for which mandibular distraction was performed. Although abnormal collagen and impaired endochondral ossification is noted with Kniest dysplasia, adequate bone formation was observed across the distraction gap. Nonetheless, despite stable mandibular advancement, failure to consider concomitant restrictive lung disease resulted in tracheostomy dependence...
May 5, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Omar Q Samarah, Fadi A Al Hadidi, Mohammad Q Hamdan, Ashraf T Hantouly
OBJECTIVES: To describe the pattern of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) in late presenting Jordanian male patients and identify the risk factors and associated findings. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of 1145 male patients who attended the Pediatric Orthopedic Clinic for a DDH check up. This study was carried out in the Orthopedic Section, Special Surgery Department, Faculty of Medicine, The University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan between March 2011 and October 2014...
February 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
Shannon David, Kim Gray, Jeffrey A Russell, Chad Starkey
UNLABELLED: The original and modified Ottawa Ankle Rules (OARs) were developed as clinical decision rules for use in emergency departments. However, the OARs have not been evaluated as an acute clinical evaluation tool. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the measures of diagnostic accuracy of the OARs in the acute setting. METHODS: The OARs were applied to all appropriate ankle injuries at 2 colleges (athletics and club sports) and 21 high schools. The outcomes of OARs, diagnosis, and decision for referral were collected by the athletic trainers (ATs) at each of the locations...
February 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Majid Aflatounian, Holly Smith, Fatemeh Farahani, Azam Tofighi Naeem, Anna Straatman-Iwanowska, Samaneh Zoghi, Urvi Khatri, Parisa Tajdini, Gholam Hossein Fallahi, Paul Gissen, Nima Rezaei
ARC syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disease, characterized by arthrogryposis, renal tubular dysfunction and cholestasis. Herein a 2.5 month old infant with dysmorphic features, including small anterior fontanel, low set ears, beaked nose and high arched palate is presented who was referred because of icterus. He also suffered from some additional anomalies, including unilateral choanal atresia, club foot, and bilateral developmental dislocation of hip, while further studies showed renal tubular acidosis and hearing impairment in addition to cholestasis...
April 2016: European Journal of Medical Genetics
Cezmi Cagri Turk, Niyazi Nefi Kara, Ali Bacanli
AIM: The human tail is a term to describe skin-covered protrusions in the lumbosacral and coccygeal region, ascribing to the resemblance to the tails in the animals. The first reports dates back to second half of the 19th century, the etiological bases could not been ascertained yet. They are mainly classified as true or pseudo-tails. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Five cases with human tails were diagnosed and managed in our hospital between 2010 and 2014. Their demographic and lesion characteristics are presented...
2016: Turkish Neurosurgery
Shahid Muhammad Khan, Safdar Muhammad Khanzada
Ponsetti method has an excellent outcome in the management of club foot. The presented case series will spread awareness by showing the results of this technique used in secondary care centers, to share the burden of care from tertiary care hospitals. A descriptive case series was conducted at Shah Bhitai District Government Hospital, Hyderabad Sindh. Patients presenting with Idiopathic Clubfoot between birth and 12 months of age of either sex were included. The patients were followed for 5 months from the removal of their last cast...
January 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Arash Abdolmaleki, Saber Zahri
OBJECTIVES: The toxic and teratogenic effects of salen (C16H16N2O2) and salen vanadium oxide (VOS) (C16H14N2O3V) were evaluated against chicken embryos along with chicken hepatic and fibroblastic cells in vitro cultures. METHODS: Salen and VOS complexes were injected in the following concentrations: 5, 10, 20, 40, 80, 160, and 300 μM/egg for salen and 7.5, 15, 75, 120, 150, 240, and 300 μM/egg for VOS. In order to screen for skeletal malformations, the alizarin red clearing and staining method was employed...
2016: Drug and Chemical Toxicology
Ida Charlotte Bay Lund, Else Marie Vestergaard, Rikke Christensen, Niels Uldbjerg, Naja Becher
Less than one hundred cases of the acrofacial dysostosis, Nager syndrome, have been described. The cardinal features of Nager syndrome are micrognathia, midface retrusion and limb malformations, predominately of the radial ray of upper extremities. Within the past three years haploinsufficiency of SF3B4 has been confirmed as the major cause of Nager syndrome. Different loss-of-function point-mutations in SF3B4 have been found in approximately 2/3 of patients diagnosed with Nager syndrome. Whole gene deletions of SF3B4 have also been suggested to be the cause of Nager syndrome in SF3B4 point mutation negative patients...
January 2016: European Journal of Medical Genetics
Joseph T Nelson, Richard E Jones, Michael Runstrom, Jolene Hardy
BACKGROUND: Disc golf is a sport played much like traditional golf, but rather than using a ball and club, players throw flying discs with various throwing motions. It has been played by an estimated 8 to 12 million people in the United States. Like all sports, injuries sustained while playing disc golf are not uncommon. Although formalized in the 1970s, it has grown at a rapid pace; however, disc golf-related injuries have yet to be described in the medical literature. PURPOSE: To describe the most common injuries incurred by disc golf players while comparing the different types of throwing styles...
June 2015: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
I Faizullin, E Faizullina
BACKGROUND: Ankle sprain is a medical condition when ankle ligaments are totally or partially torn. The primary cause of ankle sprain is sharp movements like turning or rolling the foot [1]. The ankle sprain needs to be treated right after the trauma, because if not treated it could lead to decreased stability of the ankle joint and lead to chronic ankle instability, which is characterized by increased risk of the ankle sprain [2] . We suppose that rehabilitation after the ankle sprain could significantly increase the performance of sportsmen...
2015: International Journal of Risk & Safety in Medicine
Claude Stoll, Beatrice Dott, Yves Alembik, Marie-Paule Roth
Down syndrome (DS) is the most common congenital anomaly widely studied for at least 150 years. However, the type and the frequency of congenital anomalies associated with DS are still controversial. Despite prenatal diagnosis and elective termination of pregnancy for fetal anomalies, in Europe, from 2008 to 2012 the live birth prevalence of DS per 10,000 was 10. 2. The objectives of this study were to examine the major congenital anomalies occurring in infants and fetuses with Down syndrome. The material for this study came from 402,532 consecutive pregnancies of known outcome registered by our registry of congenital anomalies between 1979 and 2008...
December 2015: European Journal of Medical Genetics
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