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Psoriasis diabetes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341192/population-pharmacokinetic-modeling-of-guselkumab-a-human-igg1%C3%AE-monoclonal-antibody-targeting-il-23-in-patients-with-moderate-to-severe-plaque-psoriasis
#1
Zhenling Yao, Chuanpu Hu, Yaowei Zhu, Zhenhua Xu, Bruce Randazzo, Yasmine Wasfi, Yang Chen, Amarnath Sharma, Honghui Zhou
Psoriasis is a common inflammatory skin disorder that requires chronic treatment and is associated with multiple comorbidities. Guselkumab, a human immunoglobulin-G1-lambda monoclonal antibody, binds to interleukin-23 with high specificity and affinity and is effective in treating moderate to severe plaque psoriasis. As part of the guselkumab psoriasis clinical trial program, using a confirmatory approach, a population pharmacokinetics (PopPK) model was established using 13 014 PK samples from 1454 guselkumab-treated patients across 3 phase 2/3 trials...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334503/family-history-of-autoimmune-diseases-and-risk-of-gastric-cancer-a-national-cohort-study
#2
Jianguang Ji, Jan Sundquist, Kristina Sundquist
A personal history of autoimmune diseases is associated with an increased incidence of gastric cancer, but whether they share familial susceptibility is still unknown. The contribution of shared environmental or genetic factors toward the observed familial aggregation has not been determined. We used a few Swedish registers, including the Swedish Multigeneration Register and the Cancer Register, to examine the familial risk of gastric cancer among individuals with a family history of a set of autoimmune diseases...
January 12, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334162/prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-children-with-moderate-to-severe-psoriasis-treated-with-tnf-inhibitors-in-comparison-to-conventional-agents
#3
Nawaf Al Mutairi, Dhuha Alrqobah, Nasser Haji Hussain
Association of childhood psoriasis with metabolic syndrome has not been studied well. TNF-alfa contributes to the inflammation seen in metabolic syndrome, and recently etanercept has shown to reduce the levels of inflammatory markers. Assessment of prevalence of metabolic syndrome in juvenile psoriasis patients in Kuwait. We included 236 patients with moderate to severe psoriasis below 18 years treated for at least 24 weeks with TNF inhibitors (Group A), and equal number of age and sex matched cases treated with conventional medications (Group B)...
January 15, 2018: Dermatologic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328510/a-multidimensional-assessment-of-the-burden-of-psoriasis-results-from-a-multinational-dermatologist-and-patient-survey
#4
C E M Griffiths, S J Jo, L Naldi, R Romiti, E Guevara-Sangines, T Howe, G Pietri, I Gilloteau, C Richardson, H Tian, M Augustin
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is a chronic, immune-mediated disease, characterised by symptoms that include itching and skin pain and is often associated with comorbidities. Patients have a substantial detriment to quality of life (QoL) and work productivity with associated cost burden. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incremental burden of comorbidities, itch, and affected body areas among systemic eligible patients with psoriasis, using a multinational survey of dermatologists and their psoriasis patients...
January 12, 2018: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328507/genetics-of-immune-mediated-inflammatory-diseases
#5
REVIEW
Trixy David, Stephanie Ling, Anne Barton
Immune-mediated inflammatory diseases (IMIDs) are characterised by dysregulation of the normal immune response, which leads to inflammation. Together, they account for a high disease burden in the population, given that they are usually chronic conditions with associated co-morbidities. Examples include systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, Crohn's disease and type 1 diabetes. Since the advent of genome-wide association studies, evidence of considerable genetic overlap in the loci predisposing to a wide range of IMIDs has emerged...
January 12, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322175/association-of-psoriasis-with-comorbidity-development-in-children-with-psoriasis
#6
Megha M Tollefson, Holly K Van Houten, Dennis Asante, Xiaoxi Yao, Hilal Maradit Kremers
Importance: Children with psoriasis are at increased risk for comorbidities. Many children with psoriasis are also overweight or obese; it is unknown whether the increased risk of comorbidities in these children is independent of obesity. Objective: To determine the risk of elevated lipid levels (hyperlipidemia/hypertriglyceridemia), hypertension, metabolic syndrome, polycystic ovarian syndrome, diabetes, nonalcoholic liver disease, and elevated liver enzyme levels in children with and without psoriasis, after accounting for obesity...
January 10, 2018: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315334/immune-related-genetic-enrichment-in-frontotemporal-dementia-an-analysis-of-genome-wide-association-studies
#7
Iris Broce, Celeste M Karch, Natalie Wen, Chun C Fan, Yunpeng Wang, Chin Hong Tan, Naomi Kouri, Owen A Ross, Günter U Höglinger, Ulrich Muller, John Hardy, Parastoo Momeni, Christopher P Hess, William P Dillon, Zachary A Miller, Luke W Bonham, Gil D Rabinovici, Howard J Rosen, Gerard D Schellenberg, Andre Franke, Tom H Karlsen, Jan H Veldink, Raffaele Ferrari, Jennifer S Yokoyama, Bruce L Miller, Ole A Andreassen, Anders M Dale, Rahul S Desikan, Leo P Sugrue
BACKGROUND: Converging evidence suggests that immune-mediated dysfunction plays an important role in the pathogenesis of frontotemporal dementia (FTD). Although genetic studies have shown that immune-associated loci are associated with increased FTD risk, a systematic investigation of genetic overlap between immune-mediated diseases and the spectrum of FTD-related disorders has not been performed. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Using large genome-wide association studies (GWASs) (total n = 192,886 cases and controls) and recently developed tools to quantify genetic overlap/pleiotropy, we systematically identified single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) jointly associated with FTD-related disorders-namely, FTD, corticobasal degeneration (CBD), progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)-and 1 or more immune-mediated diseases including Crohn disease, ulcerative colitis (UC), rheumatoid arthritis (RA), type 1 diabetes (T1D), celiac disease (CeD), and psoriasis...
January 2018: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285942/-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-as-a-component-of-the-metabolic-syndrome-and-its-causal-correlations-with-other-extrahepatic-diseases
#8
Tamás Halmos, Ilona Suba
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is the most common non-infectious chronic liver-disease in our age, and is a spectrum of all the diseases associated with increased fat accumulation in the hepatocytes. Its development is promoted by sedentary life-style, over-feeding, and certain genetic predisposition. Prevalence in the adult population, even in Hungary is ~30%. In a part of cases, this disease may pass into non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, later into fibrosis, rarely into primary hepatocellular cancer. Fatty liver is closely and bidirectionally related to the metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes, and nowadays there is a general consensus that fatty liver is the hepatic manifestation of the metabolic sycndrome...
December 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279285/ubiquitination-proteasome-system-a-new-player-in-the-pathogenesis-of-psoriasis-and-clinical-implications
#9
REVIEW
Luting Yang, Weinan Guo, Shaolong Zhang, Gang Wang
Ubiquitination is an important post-translational modification that regulates a myriad of biological processes such as inflammation, immune response, cell differentiation and proliferation. During the last decade, progress in proteomics contributed to the identification of new E3 ligases and their substrates. Hence, deregulated ubiquitination events are found to be involved in several inflammatory disorders, exemplifying by systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), type 1 diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and psoriasis...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Dermatological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243903/update-on-current-care-guideline-psoriasis-skin-and-joints
#10
(no author information available yet)
Psoriasis is a chronic, immune-mediated, inflammatory disorder of the skin and joints. Moderate-to-server cases are associated with an independent risk of comorbidity (cardiovascular diseases and diabetes) even after adjusting for risk factors, known to be more prevalent in psoriatics compared to normal population. The systemic underlying inflammation, analogous to that observed in rheumatoid arthritis, calls for a long-term effective treatment. Screening and treatment of cardiovascular risk factors is highly recommended...
2017: Duodecim; Lääketieteellinen Aikakauskirja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241759/genetics-and-the-metabolic-syndrome
#11
Emma Fanning, Donal O'Shea
Originally coined as "syndrome X" in 1988 by Gerald Reaven (1928), the metabolic syndrome (MetS) encompasses a constellation of risk factors, the coincidence of which amounts to an increased cardiovascular and diabetic risk. Rising numbers of dermatoses are being recognized as cutaneous markers of MetS. Dermatologists should look beyond treating the cutaneous condition and quantify the associated increase in cardiovascular risk. The original dermatosis associated with obesity was acanthosis nigricans-described in 1889 by Paul Gerson Unna (1850-1929) and Sigmund Pollitzer (1859-1937)...
January 2018: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241751/hidradenitis-suppurativa-and-the-metabolic-syndrome
#12
Tulin Ergun
The association of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components with immune-mediated chronic inflammatory disorders has attracted much interest within the last two decades. In addition to the well-established association of psoriasis with MetS, recent data point to an association between MetS and hidradenitis suppurativa, as well. The association of hidradenitis suppurativa with MetS and its components, such as diabetes, obesity, and dyslipidemia, has been consistently identified in controlled studies. This relationship is not only limited to older individuals but also applicable to younger patients and those with mild disease...
January 2018: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241748/psoriasis-and-the-metabolic-syndrome
#13
Paolo Gisondi, Anna Chiara Fostini, Irene Fossà, Giampiero Girolomoni, Giovanni Targher
Chronic plaque psoriasis is an immune-mediated inflammatory skin disease that is strongly associated with the clinical features of the metabolic syndrome (MetS), including abdominal obesity, hypertension, atherogenic dyslipidemia, type 2 diabetes, insulin resistance, and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. The strength of these associations has been repeatedly confirmed by several observational studies. In particular, the prevalence of MetS in patients with psoriasis ranges from 20% to 50%, with a risk of having MetS is at least double in psoriatic patients compared with nonpsoriatic control individuals...
January 2018: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241747/pathophysiology-of-the-metabolic-syndrome
#14
Emma McCracken, Monica Monaghan, Shiva Sreenivasan
The metabolic syndrome-otherwise called syndrome X, insulin resistance syndrome, Reaven syndrome, and "the deadly quartet"-is the name given to the aggregate of clinical conditions comprising central and abdominal obesity, systemic hypertension, insulin resistance (or type 2 diabetes mellitus), and atherogenic dyslipidemia. It is a prothrombotic and proinflammatory state characterized by increased inflammatory cytokine activity. In addition to inflammatory dermatoses such as psoriasis, lichen planus, and hidradenitis suppurativa, metabolic syndrome is also commonly associated with accelerated atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, hyperuricemia/gout, chronic kidney disease, and obstructive sleep apnea...
January 2018: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239461/subclinical-atherogenesis-in-patients-with-mild-psoriasis-a-role-for-il-6
#15
Michelle Larissa Zini Lise, Talita Siara Almeida Baptista, Laura Esteves Petersen, Moisés Evandro Bauer, Cláudia Almeida Lopes Ungaretti, Elton Torres, Karen Harter, Henrique Luiz Staub
INTRODUCTION: A link of psoriasis with subclinical atherosclerosis has been postulated and cytokine network might intermediate this association. Few data are available in patients with mild psoriasis. We evaluated carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) in drug-free psoriatic individuals and controls. In parallel, we searched for associations of cIMT with disease activity indexes and serum interleukins (IL) in psoriatic patients. METHOD: An experienced radiologist performed the cIMT analyses...
September 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194364/resveratrol-role-in-autoimmune-disease-a-mini-review
#16
REVIEW
Ana Lígia de Brito Oliveira, Valter Vinicius Silva Monteiro, Kely Campos Navegantes-Lima, Jordano Ferreira Reis, Rafaelli de Souza Gomes, Dávila Valentina Silva Rodrigues, Silvia Letícia de França Gaspar, Marta Chagas Monteiro
Autoimmune diseases are still considered to be pressing concerns due the fact that they are leaders in death and disability causes worldwide. Resveratrol is a polyphenol derived from a variety of foods and beverages, including red grapes and red wine. Anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and antiaging properties of resveratrol have been reported, and in some animal and human studies this compound reduced and ameliorated the progression of autoimmune diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, psoriasis, inflammatory bowel disease, and type 1 diabetes mellitus...
December 1, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185085/addressing-comorbidities-in-psoriatic-disease
#17
Priya Patel, Cheryl F Rosen, Vinod Chandran, Yang Justine Ye, Dafna D Gladman
Psoriasis and PsA are associated with comorbidities including cardiovascular disease, obesity, metabolic syndrome and depression. The purpose of this study was to examine if patients recognize that they are being monitored for comorbidities associated with their condition, and to determine which physicians are managing these comorbidities. Patients with psoriasis without arthritis (PsC) and patients with PsA were recruited from the University of Toronto Psoriasis Cohort and Psoriatic Arthritis Clinic, respectively...
November 28, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141574/anti-inflammatory-activity-of-extra-virgin-olive-oil-polyphenols-which-role-in-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-immune-mediated-inflammatory-diseases
#18
Carmela Santangelo, Rosaria Vari, Beatrice Scazzocchio, Patrizia De Sanctis, Claudio Giovannini, Massimo D'Archivio, Roberta Masella
Altered inflammatory response characterizes chronic immune-mediated inflammatory diseases (IMID) such as rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, multiple sclerosis, systemic lupus erythematosus, and psoriasis. Accumulating evidence indicates that regular consumption of extra virgin olive oil (EVOO), the main source of fat in the Mediterranean diet, is associated with a reduced risk of developing chronic degenerative disorders such cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes and cancer. The beneficial effects on health of EVOO have been attributed, besides to the monounsaturated fats content, to the presence of phenolic compounds that have antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory properties...
November 13, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129905/change-of-oral-to-topical-corticosteroid-therapy-exacerbated-glucose-tolerance-in-a-patient-with-plaque-psoriasis
#19
Yui Hongo, Kenji Ashida, Kenji Ohe, Munechika Enjoji, Miyuki Yamaguchi, Tsuyoshi Kurata, Akiko Emoto, Hiroko Yamanouchi, Satoko Takagi, Hitoe Mori, Nozomi Kawata, Yoshio Hisata, Yuta Sakanishi, Kenichi Izumi, Takashi Sugioka, Keizo Anzai
BACKGROUND Psoriasis is known as the most frequent disease treated by long-term topical steroids. It is also known that patients with thick, chronic plaques require the highest potency topical steroids. However, the treatment is limited to up to four weeks due to risk of systemic absorption. CASE REPORT An 80-year-old man was diagnosed with type 2 diabetes 16 years before, and was being administered insulin combined with alpha glucosidase inhibitor. He was diagnosed with plaque psoriasis and his oral steroid treatment was switched to topical steroid treatment due to lack of improvement and poorly controlled blood glucose level...
November 13, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128465/psoriasis-and-the-risk-of-diabetes-a-prospective-population-based-cohort-study
#20
Marilyn T Wan, Daniel B Shin, Rebecca A Hubbard, Megan H Noe, Nehal N Mehta, Joel M Gelfand
BACKGROUND: Data evaluating the impact of objectively measured psoriasis severity on type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) risk are lacking. OBJECTIVE: To determine the risk of T2DM in patients with psoriasis compared to adults without psoriasis, stratified by categories of directly assessed body surface area (BSA) affected by psoriasis. METHODS: A prospective, population-based, cohort study from the UK. 8,124 adults with psoriasis and 76,599 adults without psoriasis were followed prospectively for approximately 4 years...
November 8, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
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