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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799796/immune-modulation-by-curcumin-the-role-of-interleukin-10
#1
Hamid Mollazadeh, Arrigo F G Cicero, Christopher N Blesso, Matteo Pirro, Muhammed Majeed, Amirhossein Sahebkar
Cytokines are small secreted proteins released by different types of cells with specific effects on cellular signaling and communication via binding to their receptors on the cell surface. IL-10 is known to be a pleiotropic and potent anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive cytokine that is produced by both innate and adaptive immunity cells including dendritic cells, macrophages, mast cells, natural killer cells, eosinophils, neutrophils, B cells, CD8(+) T cells, and TH1, TH2, and TH17 and regulatory T cells...
August 11, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761880/therapeutic-effects-of-methanol-extract-from-euphorbia-kansui-radix-on-imiquimod-induced-psoriasis
#2
Soo Jeong Kim, Ye Won Jang, Kyung Eun Hyung, Da Kyoung Lee, Kee Hyeob Hyun, So-Young Park, Eon-Sub Park, Kwang Woo Hwang
The roots of Euphorbia kansui, which belong to the family Euphorbiaceae, have been used as a traditional medicine for the treatment of various diseases such as diabetes, ascites, and leukemia. Recently, it was reported that the methylene chloride fraction of E. kansui radix (EKC) regulated the differentiation of Th17 cells and alleviated the symptoms of Th17-related inflammatory bowel disease. Imiquimod (IMQ), a TLR7/8 agonist, has been used to induce psoriasis in a mouse model. In this study, we evaluated the effect of EKC in an IMQ-induced psoriasis model...
2017: Journal of Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748036/comorbidity-of-periodontal-disease-two-sides-of-the-same-coin-an-introduction-for-the-clinician
#3
REVIEW
Palle Holmstrup, Christian Damgaard, Ingar Olsen, Björn Klinge, Allan Flyvbjerg, Claus Henrik Nielsen, Peter Riis Hansen
Increasing evidence has suggested an independent association between periodontitis and a range of comorbidities, for example cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, osteoporosis, Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, psoriasis, and respiratory infections. Shared inflammatory pathways are likely to contribute to this association, but distinct causal mechanisms remain to be defined. Some of these comorbid conditions may improve by periodontal treatment, and a bidirectional relationship may exist, where, for example, treatment of diabetes can improve periodontal status...
2017: Journal of Oral Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722453/-psoriasis-comorbidities
#4
Spyridon Gkalpakiotis
Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease affecting 2-4 % of Central European population. Nowadays, we know that psoriasis is not limited to the skin but is connected with several comorbidities like, psoriatic arthritis (around 25 %), Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, Bechterev, non-alcoholic liver steatosis, psychiatric disorders and mainly diseases of the so called metabolic syndrome, like diabetes mellitus type 2, arterial hypertension or dyslipidemia. In the last years, new information is arising which connect psoriasis with sleep apnoe and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease...
2017: Casopís Lékar̆ů C̆eských
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721154/obesity-and-inflammation-the-linking-mechanism-and-the-complications
#5
Mohammed S Ellulu, Ismail Patimah, Huzwah Khaza'ai, Asmah Rahmat, Yehia Abed
Obesity is the accumulation of abnormal or excessive fat that may interfere with the maintenance of an optimal state of health. The excess of macronutrients in the adipose tissues stimulates them to release inflammatory mediators such as tumor necrosis factor α and interleukin 6, and reduces production of adiponectin, predisposing to a pro-inflammatory state and oxidative stress. The increased level of interleukin 6 stimulates the liver to synthesize and secrete C-reactive protein. As a risk factor, inflammation is an imbedded mechanism of developed cardiovascular diseases including coagulation, atherosclerosis, metabolic syndrome, insulin resistance, and diabetes mellitus...
June 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702966/possible-role-of-helicobacter-pylori-in-diseases-of-dermatological-interest
#6
C Guarneri, J Lotti, M Fioranelli, M G Roccia, T Lotti, F Guarneri
Helicobacter pylori is a gram-negative, flagellate, microaerophilic bacterium identified for the first time about 30 years ago, as a pathogenic factor of gastritis and peptic ulcer. Soon after, it was linked to several gastrointestinal and extra-gastrointestinal diseases (hematological, cardiovascular, neurological, pulmonary and ocular diseases, obesity, diabetes mellitus, growth retardation and extragastric MALT lymphoma). Association and possible cause-effect correlation with H. pylori infection were suggested in diseases of dermatological interest such as chronic urticaria, rosacea, Henoch-Schoenleins purpura, idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura, cutaneous and oral lichen planus, atopic dermatitis, recurrent aphthous stomatitis, systemic sclerosis, psoriasis, Sjögrens syndrome, Behçet's disease, pruritus, alopecia areata, primary cutaneous marginal zone B-cell lymphomas, vitiligo, chronic prurigo, multiformis, prurigo nodularis, leukocytoclastic vasculitis, prurigo pigmentosa, eczema nummulare, primary cutaneous MALT-type lymphoma, sublamina densa-type linear IgA bullous dermatosis, Sweet's syndrome, cutaneous T-cell pseudolymphoma and pemphigus vulgaris...
April 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697216/drivers-of-healthcare-costs-among-the-costliest-patients-with-psoriasis-over-three-years-in-a-united-states-health-plan
#7
April W Armstrong, Yang Zhao, Vivian Herrera, Yunfeng Li, Tim Bancroft, Michael Hull, Aylin Altan
<p>OBJECTIVE: To compare patients with psoriasis by cost level over 3 years.</p> <p>METHODS: Psoriasis patients in a large US health plan in 2011-2013 were identified. Four groups were created by healthcare costs excluding biologics: patients having top 10% of costs in all 3 years (Top), top 10% in 2 of 3 years (High), bottom 90% in 2 of 3 years (Medium), and bottom 90% in all 3 years (Bottom). Comorbidities, utilization, and costs between groups were compared.</p> <p>RESULTS: The study included 18,653 patients: 514 (3%), 805 (4%), 2,443 (13%), and 14,891 (80%) patients in the Top, High, Medium, and Bottom groups, respectively...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691207/hyperuricemia-is-an-independent-risk-factor-for-psoriatic-arthritis-in-psoriatic-patients
#8
Noriko Tsuruta, Shinichi Imafuku, Yutaka Narisawa
Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is a spondyloarthritic condition mainly seen in patients with psoriasis. Psoriatic patients with plaques on the scalp, gluteal fold or nail lesions are known to develop PsA more frequently, but other markers for PsA have not yet been identified. To determine which psoriatic patients are at greatest risk of developing PsA, psoriasis vulgaris (PsV) patients who visited the Department of Dermatology, Fukuoka University Hospital in 2015 were enrolled. Patients with and without PsA were statistically compared with respect to age, sex, age at onset, body mass index (BMI), smoking and drinking habits, familial history of psoriasis and comorbidities...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681317/restraining-pathogenicity-in-candida-albicans-by-taxifolin-as-an-inhibitor-of-ras1-pka-pathway
#9
Sonali Mishra, Sangeeta Singh, Krishna Misra
Candida albicans is one of the most virulent and opportunistic fungal strains. In the present scenario, majority metabolic imbalances and unsuccessful treatments of some severe diseases including cancer, diabetes, HIV, psoriasis are because of invasive Candida emergence. Being a beneficial integral part of human biome, its elimination is not possible. The major pathogenicity characteristics in Candida involve hyphal growth, biofilm formation, HSP90 down regulation and genetic modifications. Ras1-pka pathway initiated by HSP90 down regulation is important for hyphal growth and has been focused in the present study...
July 5, 2017: Mycopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677075/urticarial-reaction-to-ustekinumab-during-the-treatment-of-plaque-psoriasis-in-a-hepatitis-c-positive-patient
#10
Christopher H Chu, Charles Davis
A 62-year-old white woman with a history of hepatitis C and type 2 diabetes mellitus developed urticaria during treatment with ustekinumab for plaque psoriasis. The patient received two 45-mg ustekinumab injections in her first 2 months and then one 45-mg injection every 3 months for her psoriasis. After 10 months, she developed a round red rash on her skin diffusely on her body. She also complained of joint pain in her hands. Rheumatology became involved, and investigations revealed that her antinuclear antibody titer was negative, but her rheumatoid factor, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and liver function enzymes were elevated...
December 2017: Drug Safety—Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670544/randomized-placebo-control-study-of-metformin-in-psoriasis-patients-with-metabolic-syndrome-systemic-treatment-cohort
#11
Surjit Singh, Anil Bhansali
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis has been found to be associated with obesity, metabolic syndrome (MS), diabetes, and cardiovascular risk factors. Metformin treatment showed improvement in cardiovascular risk factors and hyperinsulinemia. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of metformin in psoriasis patients with MS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a single-center, parallel-group, randomized, open-label study with blinded end point assessment of metformin (1000 mg once daily for 12 weeks; n = 20) and placebo (n = 18) in psoriasis patients with MS...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667056/endogenous-endophthalmitis-and-osteomyelitis-associated-with-interleukin-17-inhibitor-treatment-for-psoriasis-in-a-patient-with-diabetes
#12
Christine E Martinez, John B Allen, Frederick H Davidorf, Colleen M Cebulla
A 64-year-old man with type 2 diabetes mellitus and plaque psoriasis presented to the emergency room with 3 days of progressive right eye pain and decreased vision. After extensive workup and multidisciplinary team effort, the patient was diagnosed with and treated for unilateral endogenous methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus endophthalmitis, bacteraemia and osteomyelitis of the foot. The patient had been started on the interleukin 17 (IL-17) inhibitor secukinumab for his treatment-resistant plaque psoriasis 4 weeks prior to presentation...
June 29, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662815/cardiovascular-risk-factors-and-carotid-intima-media-thickness-in-a-colombian-population-with-psoriasis
#13
A Argote, O Mora-Hernández, L Milena Aponte, D I Barrera-Chaparro, L M Muñoz-Ruiz, L Giraldo-Mordecay, D Camargo
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Psoriasis is now known to have a clear association with metabolic syndrome and its components. The aim of our study was to determine the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors (CVRFs) and increased carotid intima-media thickness in psoriasis patients seen in the dermatology department of a quaternary hospital. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study of psoriasis patients aged over 18 years seen in the dermatology department of Hospital de San José in Bogota, Colombia, between March and August, 2015...
June 27, 2017: Actas Dermo-sifiliográficas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645307/aberrant-intestinal-microbiota-due-to-il-1-receptor-antagonist-deficiency-promotes-il-17-and-tlr4-dependent-arthritis
#14
Rebecca Rogier, Thomas H A Ederveen, Jos Boekhorst, Harm Wopereis, Jose U Scher, Julia Manasson, Sanne J C M Frambach, Jan Knol, Johan Garssen, Peter M van der Kraan, Marije I Koenders, Wim B van den Berg, Sacha A F T van Hijum, Shahla Abdollahi-Roodsaz
BACKGROUND: Perturbation of commensal intestinal microbiota has been associated with several autoimmune diseases. Mice deficient in interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (Il1rn (-/-) mice) spontaneously develop autoimmune arthritis and are susceptible to other autoimmune diseases such as psoriasis, diabetes, and encephalomyelitis; however, the mechanisms of increased susceptibility to these autoimmune phenotypes are poorly understood. We investigated the role of interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) in regulation of commensal intestinal microbiota, and assessed the involvement of microbiota subsets and innate and adaptive mucosal immune responses that underlie the development of spontaneous arthritis in Il1rn (-/-) mice...
June 23, 2017: Microbiome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625914/prioritizing-disease-causing-microbes-based-on-random-walking-on-the-heterogeneous-network
#15
Xianjun Shen, Yao Chen, Xingpeng Jiang, Xiaohua Hu, Tingting He, Jincai Yang
As we all know, the microbiota show remarkable variability within individuals. At the same time, those microorganisms living in the human body play a very important role in our health and disease, so the identification of the relationships between microbes and diseases will contribute to better understanding of microbes interactions, mechanism of functions. However, the microbial data which are obtained through the related technical sequencing is too much, but the known associations between the diseases and microbes are very less...
June 16, 2017: Methods: a Companion to Methods in Enzymology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624334/seasonality-and-autoimmune-diseases-the-contribution-of-the-four-seasons-to-the-mosaic-of-autoimmunity
#16
REVIEW
Abdulla Watad, Shir Azrielant, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, Kassem Sharif, Paula David, Itay Katz, Gali Aljadeff, Mariana Quaresma, Galya Tanay, Mohammad Adawi, Howard Amital, Yehuda Shoenfeld
Autoimmune diseases (ADs) are a heterogeneous groups of diseases that occur as a results of loss of tolerance to self antigens. While the etiopathogeneis remain obscure, different environmental factors were suggested to have a role in the development of autoimmunity, including infections, low vitamin D levels, UV radiation, and melatonin. Interestingly, such factors possess seasonal variation patterns that could influence disease development, severity and progression. Vitamin D levels which reach a nadir during late winter and early spring is correlated with increased disease activity, clinical severity as well as relapse rates in several disease entities including multiple sclerosis (MS), non-cutaneous flares of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), psoriasis, and rheumatoid arthritis (RA)...
August 2017: Journal of Autoimmunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623046/real-world-burden-of-comorbidities-in-us-patients-with-psoriasis
#17
Kamal Shah, Lillian Mellars, Arun Changolkar, Steven R Feldman
BACKGROUND: Understanding background comorbidity rates in psoriasis can provide perspective for adverse events associated with new therapies. OBJECTIVE: We sought to assess the extent of comorbidities in psoriasis patients by use of the Truven Health Analytics MarketScan database. METHODS: MarketScan, comprising commercial claims representative of a large US-insured population, had 1.22 million patients with ≥1 claim with a psoriasis diagnosis between January 1, 2008, and December 31, 2014...
August 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615030/the-autoimmune-burden-in-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#18
Elena Tronconi, Angela Miniaci, Andrea Pession
BACKGROUND: Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is a chronic inflammatory arthritis of unknown origin which can be considered an autoimmune disease (AD). The aim of this study is to analyse the presence of two or more autoimmune diseases (polyautoimmunity) in patients suffering from JIA and to evaluate the occurrence of ADs in their families. METHODS: Seventy-nine patients diagnosed with JIA aged 0-21 years, admitted to the Paediatric Rheumatology Unit, Sant'Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, Bologna were screened for ADs...
June 14, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605458/prioritizing-tests-of-epistasis-through-hierarchical-representation-of-genomic-redundancies
#19
Tyler Cowman, Mehmet Koyutürk
Epistasis is defined as a statistical interaction between two or more genomic loci in terms of their association with a phenotype of interest. Epistatic loci that are identified using data from Genome-Wide Association Studies (GWAS) provide insights into the interplay among multiple genetic factors, with applications including assessment of susceptibility to complex diseases, decision making in precision medicine, and gaining insights into disease mechanisms. Since the number of genomic loci assayed by GWAS is extremely large (usually in the order of millions), identification of epistatic loci is a statistically difficult and computationally intensive problem...
June 9, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603863/identification-of-ptpn22-st6gal1-and-jazf1-as-psoriasis-risk-genes-demonstrates-shared-pathogenesis-between-psoriasis-and-diabetes
#20
Honglei Wang, Zhenzhen Wang, Parimi Leela Rani, Xi'an Fu, Wenjun Yu, Fangfang Bao, Gongqi Yu, Jianke Li, Lulu Li, Lele Sun, Zhenhua Yue, Qing Zhao, Qing Pan, Jing Cao, Chuan Wang, Xiaojun Chi, Yaru Wang, Qing Yang, Zihao Mi, Hong Liu, Furen Zhang
The biological connections between psoriasis and diabetes have been suggested by epidemiological, immunological and genetic studies. To identify additional shared susceptibility loci and investigate shared pathogenesis between these two diseases, we genotyped 89 reported diabetes susceptibility loci in 4,456 psoriasis cases and 6,027 controls of Chinese population using the MassARRAY system from Sequenom. We discovered three significant associations at rs6679677 on 1p13.2 (P = 6.15 × 10(-5) , OR = 5.07), rs16861329 on 3q27...
June 12, 2017: Experimental Dermatology
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