keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Bioassay

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213547/laboratory-selection-and-characterization-of-resistance-to-the-bacillus-thuringiensis-vip3aa-toxin-in-heliothis-virescens-lepidoptera-noctuidae
#1
Brian R Pickett, Asim Gulzar, Juan Ferré, Denis J Wright
Laboratory selection with Vip3Aa of a field-derived population of Heliothis virescens produced >2040-fold resistance in 12 generations of selection. The Vip-Sel resistant population showed little cross-resistance to Cry1Ab and no cross-resistance to Cry1Ac. Resistance was unstable after 15 generations without exposure to the toxin. F1 reciprocal crosses between Vip-Unsel and Vip-Sel indicated a strong paternal influence on the inheritance of resistance. Resistance ranged from almost completely recessive (mean h = 0...
February 17, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212636/experimental-hut-evaluation-of-a-novel-long-lasting-non-pyrethroid-durable-wall-lining-for-control-of-pyrethroid-resistant-anopheles-gambiae-and-anopheles-funestus-in-tanzania
#2
Robert Malima, Basiliana Emidi, Louisa A Messenger, Richard M Oxborough, Bernard Batengana, Wema Sudi, Sophie Weston, George Mtove, Joseph P Mugasa, Franklin W Mosha, Mark W Rowland, William Kisinza
BACKGROUND: A novel, insecticide-treated, durable wall lining (ITWL), which mimics indoor residual spraying (IRS), has been developed to provide prolonged vector control when fixed to the inner walls of houses. PermaNet(®) ITWL is a polypropylene material containing non-pyrethroids (abamectin and fenpyroximate) which migrate gradually to the surface. METHODS: An experimental hut trial was conducted in an area of pyrethroid-resistant Anopheles gambiae s.l. and Anopheles funestus s...
February 17, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212623/lysozyme-enhances-the-bactericidal-effect-of-bp100-peptide-against-erwinia-amylovora-the-causal-agent-of-fire-blight-of-rosaceous-plants
#3
Jordi Cabrefiga, Emilio Montesinos
BACKGROUND: Fire blight is an important disease affecting rosaceous plants. The causal agent is the bacteria Erwinia amylovora which is poorly controlled with the use of conventional bactericides and biopesticides. Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) have been proposed as a new compounds suitable for plant disease control. BP100, a synthetic linear undecapeptide (KKLFKKILKYL-NH2), has been reported to be effective against E. amylovora infections. Moreover, BP100 showed bacteriolytic activity, moderate susceptibility to protease degradation and low toxicity...
February 17, 2017: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212337/synthesis-anti-breast-cancer-activity-and-molecular-docking-study-of-a-new-group-of-acetylenic-quinolinesulfonamide-derivatives
#4
Krzysztof Marciniec, Bartosz Pawełczak, Małgorzata Latocha, Leszek Skrzypek, Małgorzata Maciążek-Jurczyk, Stanisław Boryczka
In this study, a series of regioisomeric acetylenic sulfamoylquinolines are designed, synthesized, and tested in vitro for their antiproliferative activity against three human breast cacer cell lines (T47D, MCF-7, and MDA-MB-231) and a human normal fibroblast (HFF-1) by 4-[3-(4-iodophenyl)-2-(4-nitrophenyl)-2H-5-tetrazolio]-1,3-benzene disulfonate (WST-1) assay. The antiproliferative activity of the tested acetylenic quinolinesulfonamides is comparable to that of cisplatin. The bioassay results demonstrate that most of the tested compounds show potent antitumor activities, and that some compounds exhibit better effects than the positive control cisplatin against various cancer cell lines...
February 16, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212109/sustainable-exposure-prevention-through-innovative-detection-and-remediation-technologies-from-the-niehs-superfund-research-program
#5
Heather F Henry, William A Suk
Innovative devices and tools for exposure assessment and remediation play an integral role in preventing exposure to hazardous substances. New solutions for detecting and remediating organic, inorganic, and mixtures of contaminants can improve public health as a means of primary prevention. Using a public health prevention model, detection and remediation technologies contribute to primary prevention as tools to identify areas of high risk (e.g. contamination hotspots), to recognize hazards (bioassay tests), and to prevent exposure through contaminant cleanups...
February 17, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211491/interference-between-variants-of-peach-latent-mosaic-viroid-reveals-novel-features-of-its-fitness-landscape-implications-for-detection
#6
Pedro Serra, Edson Bertolini, M Carmen Martínez, Mariano Cambra, Ricardo Flores
Natural populations of peach latent mosaic viroid (PLMVd) are complex mixtures of variants. During routine testing, TaqMan rtRT-PCR and RNA gel-blot hybridization produced discordant results with some PLMVd isolates. Analysis of the corresponding populations showed that they were exclusively composed of variants (of class II) with a structural domain different from that of the reference and many other variants (of class I) targeted by the TaqMan rtRT-PCR probe. Bioassays in peach revealed that a representative PLMVd variant of class II replicated without symptoms, generated a progeny with low nucleotide diversity, and, intriguingly, outcompeted a representative symptomatic variant of class I when co-inoculated in equimolecular amounts...
February 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211454/harnessing-catalytic-pumps-for-directional-delivery-of-microparticles-in-microchambers
#7
Sambeeta Das, Oleg E Shklyaev, Alicia Altemose, Henry Shum, Isamar Ortiz-Rivera, Lyanne Valdez, Thomas E Mallouk, Anna C Balazs, Ayusman Sen
The directed transport of microparticles in microfluidic devices is vital for efficient bioassays and fabrication of complex microstructures. There remains, however, a need for methods to propel and steer microscopic cargo that do not require modifying these particles. Using theory and experiments, we show that catalytic surface reactions can be used to deliver microparticle cargo to specified regions in microchambers. Here reagents diffuse from a gel reservoir and react with the catalyst-coated surface. Fluid density gradients due to the spatially varying reagent concentration induce a convective flow, which carries the suspended particles until the reagents are consumed...
February 17, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211327/results-from-a-round-robin-test-for-the-ecotoxicological-evaluation-of-construction-products-using-two-leaching-tests-and-an-aquatic-test-battery
#8
Stefan Gartiser, Ines Heisterkamp, Ute Schoknecht, Michael Burkhardt, Monika Ratte, Outi Ilvonen, Frank Brauer, Jan Brückmann, André Dabrunz, Philipp Egeler, Andrea-Maria Eisl, Ute Feiler, Ines Fritz, Sabina König, Herbert Lebertz, Pascal Pandard, Gabriele Pötschke, Dirk Scheerbaum, Frank Schreiber, Přemysl Soldán, Roland Weiß, Reinhilde Weltens
A European round robin test according to ISO 5725-2 was conceptually prepared, realised, and evaluated. The aim was to determine the inter-laboratory variability of the overall process for the ecotoxicological characterization of construction products in eluates and bioassays. To this end, two construction products BAM-G1 (granulate) and HSR-2 (roof sealing sheet), both made of EPDM polymers (rubber), were selected. The granular construction product was eluted in a one stage batch test, the planar product in the Dynamic Surface Leaching test (DSLT)...
February 2, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211323/evaluation-the-urban-atmospheric-conditions-in-different-cities-using-comet-and-micronuclei-assay-in-tradescantia-pallida
#9
Juliana Caroline Vivian Sposito, Bruno do Amaral Crispim, Amanda Izadora Romãn, Rosilda Mara Mussury, Joelson Gonçalves Pereira, Leonardo Oliveira Seno, Alexeia Barufatti Grisolia
In the present study, genotoxicity and mutagenicity were investigated in Tradescantia pallida exposed to vehicular traffic at different sites in a high-altitude tropical climate. During March, May, July, September, and November 2014, a comet assay and micronucleus bioassays were conducted on young inflorescences and leaves of T. pallida collected from twelve towns in the southern region of Mato Grosso do Sul with different amounts of vehicular traffic. Weather parameters (temperature, relative humidity and rainfall) were measured and vehicles were counted to determine traffic levels in each town...
February 1, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210953/combined-toxicity-of-imidacloprid-and-three-insecticides-to-the-earthworm-eisenia-fetida-annelida-oligochaeta
#10
Tao Cang, Dejiang Dai, Guiling Yang, Yijun Yu, Lu Lv, Leiming Cai, Qiang Wang, Yanhua Wang
Although the earthworm Eisenia fetida has been used in many ecotoxicological studies in recent years, most of these studies have only focused on assessing the effects of individual insecticides. In the present study, we aimed to compare the individual and combined toxic effects of imidacloprid and three insecticides (phoxim, chlorpyrifos, and lambda-cyhalothrin) on E. fetida. We showed that imidacloprid had the highest intrinsic toxicity to the worms in filter paper contact test, followed by phoxim and lambda-cyhalothrin, while the least toxicity was found from chlorpyrifos...
February 16, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210947/nano-formulation-enhances-insecticidal-activity-of-natural-pyrethrins-against-aphis-gossypii-hemiptera-aphididae-and-retains-their-harmless-effect-to-non-target-predators
#11
Nikos E Papanikolaou, Argyro Kalaitzaki, Filitsa Karamaouna, Antonios Michaelakis, Vassiliki Papadimitriou, Vassilis Dourtoglou, Dimitrios P Papachristos
The insecticidal activity of a new nano-formulated natural pyrethrin was examined on the cotton aphid, Aphis gossypii Glover (Hemiptera: Aphididae), and the predators Coccinella septempunctata L. (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) and Macrolophus pygmaeus Rambur (Hemiptera: Miridae), in respect with the nano-scale potential to create more effective and environmentally responsible pesticides. Pyrethrin was nano-formulated in two water-in-oil micro-emulsions based on safe biocompatible materials, i.e., lemon oil terpenes as dispersant, polysorbates as stabilizers, and mixtures of water with glycerol as the dispersed aqueous phase...
February 16, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209150/penicillin-production-in-industrial-strain-penicillium-chrysogenum-p2niad18-is-not-dependent-on-the-copy-number-of-biosynthesis-genes
#12
Sandra Ziemons, Katerina Koutsantas, Kordula Becker, Tim Dahlmann, Ulrich Kück
BACKGROUND: Multi-copy gene integration into microbial genomes is a conventional tool for obtaining improved gene expression. For Penicillium chrysogenum, the fungal producer of the beta-lactam antibiotic penicillin, many production strains carry multiple copies of the penicillin biosynthesis gene cluster. This discovery led to the generally accepted view that high penicillin titers are the result of multiple copies of penicillin genes. Here we investigated strain P2niaD18, a production line that carries only two copies of the penicillin gene cluster...
February 16, 2017: BMC Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208799/microbial-detoxification-of-deoxynivalenol-don-assessed-via-a-lemna-minor-l-bioassay-through-biotransformation-to-3-epi-don-and-3-epi-dom-1
#13
Ilse Vanhoutte, Laura De Mets, Marthe De Boevre, Valdet Uka, José Diana Di Mavungu, Sarah De Saeger, Leen De Gelder, Kris Audenaert
Mycotoxins are toxic metabolites produced by fungi. To mitigate mycotoxins in food or feed, biotransformation is an emerging technology in which microorganisms degrade toxins into non-toxic metabolites. To monitor deoxynivalenol (DON) biotransformation, analytical tools such as ELISA and liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) are typically used. However, these techniques do not give a decisive answer about the remaining toxicity of possible biotransformation products. Hence, a bioassay using Lemna minor L...
February 13, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208722/zunyimycins-b-and-c-new-chloroanthrabenzoxocinones-antibiotics-against-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-and-enterococci-from-streptomyces-sp-fjs31-2
#14
Yuhong Lü, Meiyun Shao, Yinyin Wang, Shengyan Qian, Miao Wang, Yingquan Wang, Xiaoqian Li, Yuxin Bao, Chengmin Deng, Changwu Yue, Daishun Liu, Ning Liu, Minghao Liu, Ying Huang, Zehui Chen, Yonglin Hu
This study performed an optimization of the fermentation conditions to activate the expression of the zunyimycin family biosynthesis genes of the zunyimycin-producing streptomycetes strain Streptomyces sp. FJS31-2. Bioassay-guided isolation and purification by varied chromatographic methods yielded two new compounds of the zunyimycin derivatives, namely, 31-2-7 and 31-2-8, accompanied with three known anthrabenzoxocinones family members of zunyimycin A, BE24566B, and chloroanthrabenzoxocinone. Their structures were elucidated by NMR, HRESIMS, IR, UV, and CD...
February 8, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207862/breeding-matters-natal-experience-influences-population-state-dependent-host-acceptance-by-an-eruptive-insect-herbivore
#15
Jordan Lewis Burke, Allan L Carroll
Eruptive forest insects are highly influential agents of change in forest ecosystems, and their effects have increased with recent climate change. State-dependent life histories contribute significantly to the population dynamics of eruptive forest insect herbivores; however, the proximate mechanisms by which these species shift between states is poorly understood. Laboratory bioassays were conducted using the mountain pine beetle (Dendroctonus ponderosae) to determine the effect of maternal host selection on offspring host preferences, as they apply to population state-dependent behaviors...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207861/in-vitro-anti-herpes-simplex-virus-2-activity-of-salvia-desoleana-atzei-v-picci-essential-oil
#16
Valeria Cagno, Barbara Sgorbini, Cinzia Sanna, Cecilia Cagliero, Mauro Ballero, Andrea Civra, Manuela Donalisio, Carlo Bicchi, David Lembo, Patrizia Rubiolo
Salvia desoleana Atzei & V. Picci is an indigenous species in Sardinia island used in folk medicine to treat menstrual, digestive and central nervous system diseases. Nowadays, it is widely cultivated for the pleasant smell of its essential oil (EO), whose antimicrobial and antifungal activities have already been screened. This study evaluated the in vitro anti-Herpes Simplex Virus-2 (HSV-2) activity of S. desoleana EO, fractions and main components: linalyl acetate, alpha terpinyl acetate, and germacrene D...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207275/macrotermycins-a-d-glycosylated-macrolactams-from-a-termite-associated-amycolatopsis-sp-m39
#17
Christine Beemelmanns, Timothy R Ramadhar, Ki Hyun Kim, Jonathan L Klassen, Shugeng Cao, Thomas P Wyche, Yanpeng Hou, Michael Poulsen, Tim S Bugni, Cameron R Currie, Jon Clardy
Bioassay-guided metabolomic analyses led to the characterization of four new 20-membered glycosylated polyketide macrolactams, macrotermycins A-D, from a termite-associated actinomycete, Amycolatopsis sp. M39. M39's sequenced genome revealed the macrotermycin's putative biosynthetic gene cluster. Macrotermycins A and C had antibacterial activity against human-pathogenic Staphylococcus aureus and, of greater ecological relevance, they also had selective antifungal activity against a fungal parasite of the termite fungal garden...
February 16, 2017: Organic Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206864/impact-of-topical-application-site-on-the-efficacy-of-permethrin-and-malathion-to-culex-quinquefasciatus
#18
Robert L Aldridge, Phillip E Kaufman, Jeffrey R Bloomquist, Salvador A Gezan, Kenneth J Linthicum
Although insecticide spray droplets will potentially impinge on many exoskeletal body regions, traditional mosquito topical bioassays focus insecticide application to the mesothoracic pleural or dorsal area. Concentrations of permethrin and malathion found in droplets from ultra-low volume and low-volume sprays were evaluated for efficacy against adult Culex quinquefasciatus using a topical application bioassay. Results document nonuniform insecticide sensitivity across body regions, which has not been previously assessed in mosquitoes...
December 2016: Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206856/effect-of-photoperiod-on-permethrin-resistance-in-aedes-aegypti
#19
O Karina Villanueva, Gustavo Ponce, Beatriz Lopez, Selene M Gutierrez, Iram P Rodriguez, Guadalupe Reyes, Karla J Saavedra, William C Black, Julian Garcia, Barry Beaty, Lars Eisen, Adriana E Flores
Living organisms have been exposed to light-dark cycles that allowed them to adapt to different ecological niches. Circadian cycles affect hormone release, metabolism, and response to xenobiotic compounds. Current studies have shown that insect susceptibility to toxic agents depends on circadian cycles, mainly because the biochemical processes involved in detoxification and responses to oxidative stress are modulated by this process. The goal of this study was to determine the effect of photoperiod on resistance to permethrin in Aedes aegypti ...
December 2016: Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205650/photobleaching-kinetics-based-bead-encoding-for-multiplexed-bioassays
#20
Thomas H Linz, W Hampton Henley, J Michael Ramsey
Multiplexing bead-based bioassays requires that each type of microsphere be uniquely encoded to distinguish one type from another. Microspheres are typically encoded using fluorescent dyes with different spectral properties and varying concentrations. However practical limits exist on the number of dyes that can be spectrally resolved or the number of distinguishable intensity levels with each dye. To expand the number of encoding levels, a novel method was developed that incorporates photobleaching kinetics into bead decoding, unlocking additional multiplexing levels unattainable by conventional decoding methods...
February 16, 2017: Lab on a Chip
keyword
keyword
98125
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"